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Internet of Things (IoT)

Jaringan Data dan Protokol - S2 TE PJJ

IoT Definition

Wikipedia WSIS
The Internet of Things, also called By embedding short-range mobile
The Internet of Objects, refers to a transceivers into a wide array of
wireless network between objects, additional gadgets and everyday
usually the network will be wireless items, enabling new forms of
and self-configuring communication between people
and things, and between things

From any time, any place connectivity for anyone, we will now
have connectivity for anything.
Internet is connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors
Why Internet of Things

1 Dynamic control of industry and daily life

2 Improve the resource utilization ratio

3 Better relationship between human and nature

4 Forming an intellectual entity by integrating human - physical systems

5 Flexible configuration, Plug & Play

6 Universal transport & internetworking

7 Accessibility & Usability

8 Acts as technologies integrator

IoT Characteristic

 AI  the autonomous and

intelligent entities will act in full
interoperability & will be able to
auto-organize themselves depending
on the context, circumstances or

 ED  to design the scheme

depending on the need

 FS  means that hundreds and thousands of nodes will be disable and will be set to run.

 CAT means that there’s several kinds of media such as vehicle stone that they need
different access technologies.

 SS  the machine can rend and send by themselves. No need to tell humanbeings
People Connecting to Things

ECG sensor


Motion sensor

Motion sensor
Motion sensor
Things Connecting to Things

- Complex and heterogeneous

resources and networks
IoT : Legacy Architecture


Location # 1

Location # 2
WAN / Internet

Location # 3

One-to-One data relationship “Monolithic”
between the services (devices) – Applications
monolithic solutions.
Custom applications are required to
access data Enterprise Applications
IoT : Next Generation

Enterprise Service Bus

For M2M Device Data
Location # 1

Location # 2

Location # 3

Enterprise Applications
Many-to-Many data relationship
between the business applications and
the devices
IoT Opportunities
IoT Possible Implementation
IoT State of The Art

Nano Tech
To make the
smaller and
Smart Tech smaller things
To enhance the have the ability to
power of the connect and
Sensor network by interact.

To collect and devolving

process the data to processing
RFID capabilities to
detect the changes
To identify and in the physical different part of
track the data of status of things the network.
The challenge of IoT

How to convincing users that the IoT technology will

protect their data and privacy when tracking

Potential Solutions

Legal & Technical Market

Social Ethic
Regulatory Control Self-regulation
Applications Empowered by IoT

Global Environmental Observation Global Action / Management Plans

 GIS systems : Atmospheric, Vegetation /  Early Warning Systems : Famine / Drought,

Ground Water, Surface / Water Natural Disasters

Temperature  Environmental Mitigation : Carbon-trading,
 GHG Tracking : Consumption metering, Conservation Planning
Atmospheric measurements  International Agreements : Ratification,
 Reporting Systems : Mash-ups / SOA / Implementation
Web 2.0

Observation Implementation
Local Environmental Observation Local Action / Management Plans
 Capacity building, Awareness of threats  Resource Management : Access /
Identifying impact

Allocation, Enforcement, Support and

 Data Entry : Web 2.0 / Wiki data logs Funding
 Appropriate Technology : SMS / Mobile  Professional Development
Phone usage, Cultural adaptation  Response Planning : Early warning,
response, Conflict avoidance
How are the networks changing

 More nodes, more connections, IPv6, 6LowPan,...

 M2M, IoT : Billions of interconnected devices,
Extension Everybody connected


 Smart networks
 Broadband  Data-centric and content-oriented
 Context-aware (autonomous)
Protocol in IoT

Current Internet and software methods are highly modular (APIs),

highly distributed (Cloud) and "loosely coupled" (SOA)

Easy to join, transparent to review.


Rapid iterations and ease of contributions promote rapid



Strong IPR rules, balanced participation, neutral governance =

usable work.
Internet Connected Device

World population (billion)

Internet connection device (billion)
Internet connection per person

Internet Startup IoT Startup IoT Developing Future Network

< 2005 2010 2015 2020

Source : Cisco IBSG

IoT Technology Roadmap
Future Networks

Source : ITU adapted from Nomura Research Institute

Architecture of IoT based on Smart

Funcional Interface of IoT

based Smart Home

• Web Users
• Web Server
• IoT Agent

“#R1L001 1
<enter> R2L002 0
<enter> KL001 0
0<enter> HL001 1

ASP.Net and SQL

Server 2012
Exciting new transitions
Problems in implementation of the IOT


Bandwidth Security

Power Presence
Efficiency detection

 The Internet of Things (IoT) is a computing concept that describes a

future where every day physical objects will be connected to the Internet
and be able to identify themselves to other devices
 The IoT is significant because an object that can represent itself digitally
becomes something greater than the object by itself.
 All sensors and devices connect to applications and resources in the
Cloud, allowing us to keep track of people, assets and events effortlessly
and in real-time, providing enhanced personal and societal awareness
and control.
 From any time, any place connectivity for anyone, we will now have
connectivity for anything. Internet is connected to the physical world via
ubiquitous sensors