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Submitted By

Ashique Bin Iqbal

1703122

MDS-3 Semester-2 BUP

Household Crisis Management

Introduction: House hold income expenditure survey (HIES) is conducted by the Bangladesh Bureau of statistics (BBS) where the data in the survey report is more comprehensive to understand development, poverty in the mass level. In 2010 Crisis Management was first introduced in HIES questionnaire and it is further repeated in 2016 HIES. The questionnaire was designed to collect information about: whether the household faced any crisis during the last 12 months, month of occurrence of crisis, duration of crisis, whether affected income, resources, food production and food purchase .Another questionnaire was the information about the steps taken to combat the crises. The questionnaire contained 18 types of crises and 16 types of steps to cope with the crises. Table S1 gives a brief description of the information relating to crisis management collected in HIES 2016 with a comparison to 2010.

Findings: The first survey data shows that there is no difference in percentage of household experienced crises in 2010 and 2016.Data reveals that a total of 0.86% of the households at the national level faced crisis during 2016.Among them and 1.04% crisis was in the rural areas and 0.40% was from the urban areas. In 2010, 0.84% household at the national level, 1.03% in the rural areas and 0.30% households in the urban areas experienced any kind of crises in the preceding one year. Among the type of crisis in 2016, flood claimed the highest percentage with a total of 5.46% where the share of the urban areas is 2.05% and that of the rural areas is 6.79%.Drought/irregular rains occupies the second position with a total of 2.95% of which the share of the rural areas is 3.81% and urban is 0.75%. The third position goes to fire/earth quake/tornado where 0.79% is total percentage with rural share 1.91% and urban share 1.49%.On the other hand, 2010, the highest type of crisis was drought/irregular rains which was 3.62% followed by flood 2.67% and excessive crop disease/pest (1.74%).

The 2 nd survey data shows the steps taken to cope with the crisis. The data shows that the household that experienced crisis coped with the problems through spending from previous savings. This findings is found both in 2016 and 2010. The corresponding percentages were 43.73% and 35.43%. The second method that was adopted for mitigating the crises was help from friends and relatives and the corresponding percentages in 2016 and 2010 were 20.97% and 16.54% respectively. The third measure that was adopted was borrowing which was 7.7% in 2016, It was high in 2010 (14.68%). The same order of preferences is also followed both in urban and rural areas with some differences in steps taken for crisis between 2016 and 2010. Help from local government agencies increased in 2016 compared to 2010. The corresponding percentages were 3.08% and 0.85% respectively.

Conclusion: House hold crisis management is an important data in HIES to understand the present crisis situation of the households of our country not only in national level but also in urban and rural level. The data also shows that how those households are dealing with the situation to overcome it at their best.