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ANAHIT S. AVETISYAN

EASTERN

ARMENIAN

comprehensive self-study langudge course

ANAHIT S. AVETISYAN

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Eastern - Armenian Comprehensive Self-Study Language Course

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Anahit S. Avetisyan

Eastern Armenian Comprehensive Self-Study Language Course: Yerevan, 2008 - 224 pages

This Eastern Armenian sell-study language course is intended for speakers and communicators of English who wish to learn the modern spoken form of the Eastern Armenian language. With the exception of the Grammar Notes, everything is provided in three forms: Armenian, Armenian transliteration and English translation. It is a combined teaching method of reading, writing and speaking, and will be useful for any English-speaking language students, adult learners, and Diasporan Armenians, ranging from the beginner to the intermediate level.

Eastern Armenian Comprehensive Self-Study Language Course, First Edition

By Anahit Avetisyan

Published

by the author:

Yerevan,

Armenia

(RA)

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system transmitted in any form or by any means, whether electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the author.

ISBN - 978 -

9939 -

53 -

022

- 2

Acknowledgments

for makin g this

project possible.

I also extend my sincere gratitude to James Goodby, Annie Haig Tateos Bostanian, Ani Sarkisian, Syuzanna Azoyan, Korina Kalopsidiotou, Raffi Vartanian, Barsegh and Armen Bakirtzyans, Tereza Gevorgyan, Maro Siranosyan, Jeffrey Paretchan, Ani & Anush Avetisyan for their help and contributions.

1

would like to thank Arsen

Avetisyan,

Tigran

Avetisyan

& Gohar-Jewel

Goodby

Printed

in Tigran Mets Priming

©

A. C Avetisyan, 2008

house, Yerevan. Armenia, RA

MY

Dedicated

DEAREST

ALFRETA

to

MOTHER

About the Course

Dear student,

If you are determined to study the Eastern Armenian language properly, this course is for you. Not only is it versatile but it also utilizes an entirely new approach to learning the language.

It is designed for

It can be used by beginners

It utilizes the form Armenian - Armenian Transliteration - English Translation in its structure.

It is meant

This groundbreaking approach to Armenian language instruction was developed over many years of teaching. Every detail, every sentence, and every vocabulary word has been carefully thought-out in the textbook. Many multinational citizens, university students and foreign diplomats in Armenia have already used this new teaching method and contributed to its development. The end result is a meticulously crafted text and comprehensive approach to learning.

This textbook empowers students to take charge of their learning and to develop strong communication skills for application in the real world. The first edition of this textbook, enabling self- study, accounts for the subtlest details of teaching and learning. Therefore teachers, intermediate students, and beginners will all find it useful. The lessons and exercises demonstrating grammatical concepts will also provide a valuable resource for those who continually want to improve their writing, reading, and speaking skills. This Eastern Armenian self-study language course offers a wonderful resource to the motivated student.

You don't need a fancy pen. You don't need expensive tutorial software. You don't need a cheerleader. All you need is the desire to learn and master this textbook.

Learning a language is like learning any new skill. When learning to paint, preach, or play the piano you must exercise patience, keep an open mind and appreciate the learning process.

Armenian is one of the world's most unique languages. Eastern Armenian is one of the two main dialects of the Armenian language (the other being Western Armenian). While the two dialects differ considerably, they also share an abundance of similarities and learning Eastern Armenian will bolster one's comprehension of Western Armenian.

The Armenian language has its own unique alphabet, so it is not an easy language to master. If you arc starting from scratch, don't be intimidated. This textbook will guide you through each step of the language from the very basics of everyday communication, such as pleasantries, to more complex sentences and verb structures. If you have ever been exposed to Western Armenian you are already at an advantage. Furthermore, your knowledge of both dialects will strengthen dramatically upon completing this course.

This textbook starts with a few words about the historical roots of the Armenian language before moving on to the practical and comprehensive presentation of the language itself. To assist your learning, each lesson is supplemented by exercises that will help you to use and practice your skills while reading, writing and speaking.

individual

and independent

and intermediate

study as well as for the

students.

to make notes and fill

in

classroom.

blanks.

to be used as a workbook, feel free

The book is structured to include:

Introduction 28 topic-based lessons Appendices including grammar charts Ust of verbs Key to exercises

The introducing chapter includes some hints about the Armenian language and:

The Armenian

Alphabet

(printed, cursive, sound, and letter

names)

Grammar

Tips (vowels,

letters that can function

as words, punctuation

marks)

Vocabulary

Prompt

(comprehensive vocabulary

which

enables

quick

speaking.

Other prompts

appear

throughout

the

lessons)

The 28 lessons each have their own themes or topics which you will find useful for communicating and understanding the needs, information, thoughts and feelings of everyday life. Each lesson is framed in the same way:

Alphabet (new letters are introduced with explanations for pronunciation)

Grammar

Reading and Speaking (with new vocabulary and text)

Every lesson comprises a combination of writing, reading, and speaking activities, and each detail aims to foster speaking and easy communication. English translations and Armenian transliteration accompany the entire text with the exception of the grammar notes. For good pronunciation, the Armenian letter Q (a) is presented in its original Armenian form in all transcriptions throughout the book. The transliteration is based on the way the words arc correctly spoken, which can sometimes differ slightly from the way the word is spelled.

The Alphabet Section explores the uniqueness of the Armenian language. In my teaching experience, I have noticed the challenges students face when learning the alphabet and have designed this method accordingly. The Armenian alphabet has two forms of writing: printed and cursive. They are completely different from each other, and in order to read and write properly students should study both forms from the very beginning.

I have chosen to display the printed and cursive letters sidc-by-side, a method which has proved successful for many students. There are 39 letters in the alphabet and each lesson introduces 5 new letters, leaving space to practice copying. Thus, by the end of Lesson 8, the student should be able to both read and write the Armenian alphabet. Subsequent lessons draw on these foundations to improve reading and writing techniques.

is just a fancy name for the rules and patterns of a language. Fortunately, Eastern

Armenian grammar is relatively logical. Explanations of the rules accelerate the learning process and the grammar sections should be read carefully. To aid the process, the essential information in the grammar

spotlight

is followed by a series of contextualized practice exercises, progressing from simple lill-

ins to more challenging activities. The spotlight pages model target structures in contexts related to the

Notes & Writing

(with

exercises)

Grammar

boxes

lesson topic and provide brief, straightforward explanations when necessary.

Grammar Notes arc found throughout the text and arc followed by exercises. They include specifically chosen rules which are essential to understanding certain topics. Grammar structures arc first contextualized in dialogues and the exercises prompt students to practice the material. Answers to all exercises can be found at the end of the book. The lessons are followed by the appendices, which contain some practical guidelines.

The Reading, Writing and Speaking sections aim to synchronize skills presented and practiced in the unit with engaging, multi-stage activities. Pre- and post- reading questions support the text. Real- life situation dialogues help students describe themselves and express their needs. The text improves speaking skills and develops reading and writing techniques at the same time.

After finishing the alphabet work students can review the vocabulary and text, further enhancing

their speaking abilities. New Vocabulary

appears in each lesson while a list of verbs appears at the end of

the book. Memorize and repeat them all the time. The translations will help you to speak quickly. First, learn the vocabulary. Then, if you want to memorize the dialogues, learn both parts like a monologue.

Dialogues spoken by Armenians in real-life situations till these pages. They are presented in Armenian first, then in transliteration, and finally in English. The texts and dialogues include basic language structures and conversational formulas. For the best results, do your best to memorize them. Vocabulary sections accompany the dialogues. All names and figures mentioned in dialogues should be regarded only as examples.

that

students may need.

The

Appendices

contain

practical

guidelines

and

provide

additional

practice

sessions

Key to Exercises:

The answers to all the exercises are included in the back of the book.

Rather than teaching facts to memorize I strive to help you understand the logic behind the language and practice is essential. My method includes a multitude of vocabulary words, phrases, and rules of grammar. This course aims to promote active use of language and cultivate independent learning skills.

The time it takes to finish the course certainly depends on the learner, but students who are focused and committed can complete it within 4 to 6 months.

The staicture enables students at different levels to find what they want, improving writing, reading and speaking skills at all levels. For some people every detail in this book will be new, for others it will both refresh and enhance existing knowledge, but one thing is for sure: everyone will find what he is looking for. Upon completing the course, you can use the textbook again and again to review and to make improvements.

After

completing

the

lessons

you

will he able

to

S

Handle introductions between two or more people

•S

Introduce yourself to others

 

S

Tell others about work, colleagues and language studies

S

Talk about the weather, the seasons, and the time

S

Talk about family members and experiences

 

S

Talk about the city/state/country

where you are from

S

Talk about your university and area of study and ask others about theirs

S

Ask for and follow directions

 

S

Travel by bus or minibus

 

S

Order a taxi and provide directions to the driver

S

Order food and drink from a cafe and/or restaurant

S

Make a purchase at an outdoor bazaar

 

S

Exchange money

 

S

Shop at a supermarket

S

Go to the doctor and explain your ailments

 

S

Ask about someone's birthday

S

Discuss what you like to do in your spare time

•S

Describe someone's appearance and character

^

Describe a trip/excursion

 

S

Speak about holidays in Armenia

S

Talk about Armenia

 

GOO D

LUC K

WIT H

YOU R

STUDIES !

Anahit

Avetisyan

A Note about the Author and the Textbook

Anahit Avetisyan has been working at the Birthright Arnienia/Depi Hayk Foundation as an Armenian language tutor since May 2005. She composed a new Armenian textbook for our language program, which is used by program participants who do not speak Armenian, and the results are more than satisfactory. This textbook is a very effective teaching tool, and its organization allows for basic conversational speaking and in-depth grammatical understanding.

Because knowledge of the Armenian alphabet is the key to proper pronunciation, Avetisyan begins the textbook with the alphabet and slowly introduces the letters and sounds through the exercises. These exercises are supplemented by logically structured appendices that provide the student with easy access to groups of vocabulary words, nouns, and lists of verbs and tenses.

The selection of common topics of conversation is helpful in teaching vocabulary and sentence structure in a context that students can use with local Armenians, and each vocabulary or grammar set is followed by a dialogue that Armenian people would use on a daily basis. These factors contribute to a highly successful methodology that teaches the reader how to speak and, more importantly, think in Armenian.

The compilation of all facets of the Eastern Armenian language enables comprehensive learning and allows a student of any level to make total use of the textbook. For instance, a student that already knows how to read Armenian can still learn vocabulary and sentence structure. For those who are just starting to read Armenian, the transliteration offers practice with the pronunciation of unfamiliar letters and words.

Avetisyan seamlessly combines reading, writing and speaking together in one concise book rather than in three separate texts. The book also contains a very user-friendly chart of the Armenian alphabet that combines the name of the letters, their pronunciations, and their appearances in print and in cursive. The textbook's arrangement of grammar, vocabulary, and exercises not only gives students the opportunity to practice Armenian by themselves in an organized manner but also provides teachers a set method for instruction.

Those who have come to Armenia without even a basic knowledge of Armenian speaking or understanding have found the dialogues to be one of the most useful parts of the textbook. Moreover, the book provides important background information, such as the language's historical roots, to render a full understanding of the Armenian language as an integral part of a rich culture.

Textbook is an essential publication for

anyone attempting to learn the Eastern Armenian language.

Anahit Avetisyan's Eastern

Armenian

Self-Study

Haykak

Arshamian

PhD

Table of Contents

• About

the

Course

4- 6

• About

the Textbook and Author - Foreword

by Haykak Arshamian

7

• The Armenian Language

11

• The Armenian Alphabet

12,

13

• Some Grammar Hints: vowels, letter-words & endings, punctuation marks

Vocabulary Prompt

Lesson One

• Grammar notes: Personal Pronouns • Endings • To be (present & past)

Alphabet U - b

14

15-2 1

22

22, 23

• Vocabulary: General

24

• Speaking: Mini-dialogues: "Greetings & Acquaintance" Lesson Two

25

• Alphabet Q - <t

26

• Grammar notes: Position in the sentence

27

• Vocabulary: nouns, question words, conjunctions

Speaking: "How

Writing: Exercises

are you?"

Lesson Three

Alphabet h - U

26, 27

28

29

30

• Grammar notes: Present Tense: Position in the sentence

31, 32

• Vocabulary: General

34, 35

• Speaking: "Meeting"

Writing: Exercises

MHHHHHMHHHHMMMHHH ^

36

32, 33

• Alphabet 3 - If

 

37

• Grammar notes: Numerals

 

37

• Vocabulary: General

38

• Speaking: "What

time is it?"

39

Writing: Exercises

39.40

 

Lesson Five

• Alphabet 3- 3

 

41

• Vocabulary: The days of the week / Time indicating words / Months / Date

42

is the weather today?" Lesson Six

Speaking: "How

43

• Alphabet H - 4

 

44

• Grammar notes: Noun declension / b (i), vlaL(va). HQ (an) declensions

44

• Vocabulary: General

 

45

• Speaking: "The

Seasons

of the Year"

46. 47

• Writing: Exercises

45, 46

Lesson Seven

• Alphabet S- O

48

• Gramma r notes: flL (u) Future Tense

4 9

• Vocabulary: General

50

• Speaking: "Telephone

Conversation",

Questionnaire: "Over the Weekend"

48, 50

• Writing: Exercises

50

 

Lesson Eight

W

• Alphabet B - 3)

51

• Grammar notes: To have, know, there is /arc / Some Demonstrative Pronouns

• Vocabulary: General

51, 52, 54

53

f

Lesson Nine Grammar notes: Postpositions and Locations Vocabulary: Colors / Office Speaking: "My Office" Writing: Exorcises

Grammar notes: Postpositions and Locations Vocabulary: Colors / Office Speaking: "My Office " Writing: Exorcises
Grammar notes: Postpositions and Locations Vocabulary: Colors / Office Speaking: "My Office " Writing: Exorcises
Grammar notes: Postpositions and Locations Vocabulary: Colors / Office Speaking: "My Office " Writing: Exorcises

56

58

57, 58

59

Lesson Ten Grammar notes: Plural Formation /Possessive Articles/ Noun Declension h (i),

'

60-6 4

fl (vo). flJ- (u), flS (och), 3 (ts) / Genitive + Postpositions Vocabulary: Family and other relationships

60, 61

Speaking: Questionnaire: "My Family"

65

Writing: Exercises

66

Lesson Eleven

Grammar notes: Proper and Common Nouns / Definite and Indefinite Articles

67, 71

Vocabulary: Countries,

Nationalities, Languages

67 -

69

Speaking: "My Country,

State, City"

73

Writing: Exercises

70. 71. 72, 74, 75

Lesson Twelve Grammar notes: Present Pcrfect - Regular Verbs

 

76, 77

Vocabulary: Verbs & General

76. 77

78, 79

Speaking: "Biography", "Yesterday" Writing: Excrcises

§

g

H

Lesson Thirteen

79

Grammar notes: Present Perfect - Irregulars & Other Category Verbs

80 -

83

Vocabulary: Verbs and General

80 -

83

Speaking: "My

Trip to Armenia"

Questionnaire: "Last

Weekend"

84 -

86

Writing: Exercises

84, 86

- Regular & Irregular verbs

87, 89

Grammar notes: Imperative Mood Vocabulary: Verbs and General

 

87, 89

Speaking: "Ordering

a Taxi"

92

Writing: Excrcises

88, 90, 91

hhhhnm

Grammar notes: Imperative mood - Derivative & Causative

93 -

95

Vocabulary: Transportation

98

Speaking: Transportation: "In a Foreign WritingjExercises

Lesson Sixteen Grammar notes: Adjectives, Degrees of Comparison Vocabulary: Food, Adjectives, Verbs Speaking: "Ordering at a Cafe "

Writing: Excrcises

City", "Askingfor

V'

.

;, •

Lesson Seventeen

Directions"

Vocabulary: Fruits, Vegetables, Meat, Dairy Products

Speaking: "In the Shop",

"In a Market",

"Money

Exchange"

Lesson Eighteen

Vocabulary: Food. Verbs, Herbs, Cereal

Speaking: Questionnaire: "My Eating

Habits "

M

i

Lesson Nineteen

99, 100

96,97

.

104

101, 102

103

102. 105

106. 107, 109

107 -

111

110

112-11 3

Grammar notes: Simple Past Tense / Regular Simple Verbs

 

114,

115

Vocabulary: General

116, 117

Speaking: "The Day Before

Yesterday"

116, 117

Writing: Exercises

-

115,116

Lesson Twenty

Speaking: "At a Restaurant"

120

• Vocabulary: General

Writing: Exercises

Lesson Twenty - one

• Grammar notes: Simple Past tense / Derivative Verbs

119, 121

118, 119

122-124

• Vocabulary: Jewellery & New Verbs

122 -

125

• Speaking: "Vernissage" - Arts and Crafts Lesson Twenty - two

 

125

• Grammar Notes: Simple Past Tense / Causative Verbs

126

• Vocabulary: Verbs & Lesson Vocabulary

126, 130

• Speaking: Congratulations, "My Son's Birthday", "Armenian Official

128-130

Holidays", "Congratulations", "Letterfrom Writing: Exercises

Armenia"

Lesson Twenty - three

127, 128

Grammar notes: Past Progressive Tense

131

-

132

Vocabulary: University and Education

138, 139

Speaking: "Where Were You?", "Before and Now", "My University"

137-140

Writing: Exercises

133

-

136

Lesson Twenty - four Vocabulary: Body parts & Health, Phrases with body parts: Figurative speach Speaking: Questionnaire: "At the Doctor's", "Conversation" Writing: Exercises

Lesson Twenty -

five

141. 142. 145

144, 145 147, 142, 144

148

Vocabulary: Appearance and Character

148

-

150

Speaking: "What does he look like?", Conversation: "Human Relations"

152

-

153

Writing: Exercises

151

-

152

Lesson Twenty - six Grammar notes: Declension of Personal Pronouns Personal Pronouns + Postpositions Writing: Exercises

-•;

154,155,159

156-158

Lesson Twenty - seven Grammar notes: Noun Cases Speaking: "More about yourself \ "My Spare Time" Writing: Exercises

- seven Grammar notes: Noun Cases Speaking: "More about yourself \ "My Spare Time" Writing: Exercises
- seven Grammar notes: Noun Cases Speaking: "More about yourself \ "My Spare Time" Writing: Exercises

160

-

161

166

166

162

-

166

Lesson Twenty - eight Grammar Notes: Grammar Revision Vocabulary

167

Speaking: "Armenia"

168-171

Writing: Exercises ^^^^^^^ ^ Appendices

172

1. Declension of Personal Pronouns

173

2. Portfolio: Personal Data

174

3. How do you feel?

175

4. Infinitive Requiring Verbs

176

5. Some Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns

177-178

6. Definite Article & Plural Formation (Family Vocabulary)

179-180

7. Portfolio: Family

181

8. Genitive Chart

182

9. Regular Verbs in Simple Tenses (Present - Past - Future)

183

-

188

10. Derivative Verbs in Simple Tenses (Present - Past - Future)

189

-

192

11. Irregular Verbs in 3 Tenses (Simple, Present Perfect, Imperative Mood)

193

-

195

12. Causative Verbs (Imperative Mood, Simple Past)

196

-

197

List of verbs

198-212

Key to exercises

213-219

Introduction The Armenian Language

Armenian is the language of the Armenian people and the official language of the Republic of Armenia. There are about 6 million native speakers of Eastern Armenian in the Republic of Armenia, the CIS, Iran and around the world.

Armenian is one of the world's most unique languages, a fact illustrated by its alphabet. The alphabet is honored and celebrated, appearing on our churches, temples and khachkars (ornate stone crosses). The Armenian language belongs to the Indo-European family of languages and has its own independent branch. The Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 A.D. It consists of 39 letters, 36 of which were created by Masthots himself. The other 3 letters (L, o, $ — yev, o. 0 were added later. These 39 letters represent all the sounds in the Armenian language.

Armenian is a synthetic

language

meaning the construction of one word, combined with endings

and declensions, may contain as much information as an entire English phrase.

There

are more

than

 

Uui

P p

a

b

TL UL

T

p

DQ

ra p

a

t

J??

P

r

 

3 h

 

k'

h

M

%k

b

G

n

U

s

Uu,

k

u

t 2

sh

V

u

(y) ev

150,000

words

in the Armenian

language.

The Armenian Alphabet

 

H

g

d

h

 

u

h h

zh

i

3-J-

 

n

P 6

dz

gh

^

 

1

1

n n

l

l

v (o)

ch

a

Tin,

S in

t'

1/ltfi

0 o

0

*

H

P p

r

/ V

f

b b

a q

 

t t

e

z

e

Tzti

i

t

LL

hi \u

o d

I

kh

ts'

XL

Ju,

jit.

t r *

fid

dg'

24>

'n iq

p'

S g

is

V?

l

UCS

in

i

i

T f

22

dg

fib nL

u

n.L

71l

3 J

y

/ /

fin

r'

Tin

O Ljl

P

tfi

y l

The Armenian Sounds and Alphabet

Soun d

Printed

Letters

A

U u i

B

P P

G

Q

q

D

'Vri

Y e

(e )

b

b

Z

Q

q

E

1 1

a

C D

T

O

p

Z h

< t d

I

h h

L

l

l

K h

lu| u

T

s '

o

6

K

'

H

3

h

D

z

3

6

G

h

D g '

Mr

Cursive

Nam e of

Letter

ILL

LUjp

p b D

u

 

q|i d

q u i

u

M

H

U

^

t

i

M

.

jll

PS

jit.

u

I

k

**

3A

2>4>

b I

q u i

t

OP

p n

d b

hGh

Un^O

tub

friu

IjbQ

h n

6 u i

q u i

tfb

in

M

UlS

Y

3j

N

bD

Sh

V(o)

n

n

f

h

r

l

u

Ch

H

P '

'H uj

Dg

u

R'

rtn

71

n

S

U u

Uu

V

ail

U

T'

S ui

VUp,

R

Pp

u

Ts

S g

U

flh m

71l

tlL

P

®

iji

K

 

U

Yev (ev)

b 4/Il

O

Oo

(To>

F

3> $

U

i5bQ

hh

Dm

2 i u

iln

iiu

u|b

2 b

niu

ub

i M

injnL O

pb

gn

m

qijmp

pb

bil

0

*

Grammar

Hints: Armenian

Vowels

 

There are 8 vowels in Modern Eastern

Armenian.

Printed

Cursive

Practice

U UJ

Vb UL

b

b*

htL

t t

U

0 D

h f i

 

u

n n*

7U

ni-m

Tic n.u

Sound

a

ye

e

3

i

vo

u

0 O o

S Spelling of Vowels: b (ye) - at the beginning of the word it is pronounced -ye, in the middle and at the end of the words as -e. The exceptions to this rule are the present forms of the auxiliary verb till - btl, bu, t, bQp, bp, bO (em, es, e, enk. ek, en).

^ fl (vo) - At the beginning of word it is pronounced -vo, but in the middle and at the end of the words it is -o. The definite article b (ri) is written after vowels, but 0 appears after a consonant.

Remember:

Letter

-D

-G

b 4

n

i

l -

The following

Meaning

letters

and

words

Examples

endings

have

Meaning

different

meanings:

Practice

the

UGiuhpin|] -

Anahit'p

Anahit

(after

bpLiuQQ - Ycrcvanfl

Yerevan

consonants)

innLGo - t'unQ

 

the home

the

UpiuG -

Aran

Ara

(after

UGpG - Anin

Ani

vowels)

rnuuppG - tarin

the year

and

llOuuhpui|i U UpuiG Anahit'Q yev Aran

Anahit and Ara

and

UGuuhpuiG ni UpuiG Anahit'n u Aran

Anahit and Ara

not

jqGwi, ^mubt

 

not to go

chpgnal, chasel

not to say

yin-dip. —

Tilfil-

ui/ii-

tfiuip-flit —

VJluu-hliyip. Il TAP-LUIL

l9- luL l

v^i -

~

nt

Uf.uk —

Remember:

The

Punctuation

Marks

in

Armenian

Arm.

English equivalent

 

:

=

full stop (.)

Placed at the end of the sentence.

o question mark ('.')

=

Placed on the last vowel of the last syllable of the word in question.

/ stress

-

It is placed over the last vowel of the last syllable of the word being

1 comma (,)

=

stressed. The imperative mood also bears a stress.

«»

= quotation mark (" ")

= exclamation mark (!)

=

colon (:)

It is placed over the last vowel of the last syllable of the exclaimed word.

( v )

replaces a repeated word. It also introduces list and descriptions.

In order to avoid

repetition

in Armenian, the punctuation

mark

Vocabulary Prompt

Oqiniul|iup pwnbp l i

lupuiiuhiiijinnLpjnLQQb p

Armenia n

Puipli'

flqgnL'jD:

Puip h

6bq:

[HL'JU:

Greetings and

Farewells

Transliteration Barev dzez. Vokhchuyn.

Bari luys.

English How do you do? Hello!

Good

morning!

Puiph'

op:

Ban or.

Good afternoon!

Puiph'

bpbljn:

Bari ycrek'o.

Good evening!

Piuph'

qh2bp:

Bari gisher.

Good night!

Puipp '

tiiuOuiu|uiph:

Bari

ch'anapar.

Have a good journey

Puiph' uifunprfuilj:

 

Bari

akhorzhak'.

(Bon voyage)! Enjoy your meal

^LuObth

cluiduiQg:

Hach'eli zhamants.

(Bon appetite)! Have a nice time.

UdbQuijQ piupfip:

Amenayn barik.

All the

best.

3iuCSbih bpbl| n bd

guiQliuiGi-ud:

Hach'eli yerek'o em

Have a nice evening.

SmburupjnLQ:

tsank'anum. Tspt'esutyun.

Goodbye.

^uignqnLpjniQ:

Hadgoghutyun.

So long.

MhuiQr|.[iLqbGp:

K'phandip'enk.

See you

soon.

 

iluiqp:

Minch vaghp.

See you tomorrow.

Cuiui Muipninb d

6bq :

Shat' k'pk'arot'em dzcdz.

I'm

really going to miss

 

you.

 

Gratitude and

Apologizing

CDnphuil|Ui[nLpjnLO:

 

Shpnorhak'alutyun.

Thank you.

Cuirn 2&nphu<l|ui[ bi5:

Shat' shQnorhak'al em.

Thanks.

hjQqpbd:

 

Khpntrem.

You're welcome.

Quiptfb:

Charzhe.

It's all right.

luGqhP

Khpntir chpk'a.

No problem.

bbpbgbp :

 

Neretsek.

Excuse me.

MQbpbp:

Kpnerek.

Sorry.

bbpbgbp , bu

jqhinbh :

Neretsek, yes chpgit'ei.

I'm sorry, 1 didn't know.

-bbpbgb p

nL2Ui0uj[nL

huiduip:

-

Neretsek ushanalu

hamar.

- Sorry for being late.

= HihOi:

 

= Vochinch.

 

= Thai's all right. (Never

 

How are you?

 

mind).

hD^b° u

bu

/

bp:

Inchp'es

es /

ek?

How

are you? (formal)

fT0g bu / bp:

Vonts es / ek?

 

How

are you? (informal)

LUIL| bd : Liu 4 £bd:

 

Lav e m / chem.

I am (not) well.

4uu n bd / jbil:

 

Vat' em / chem.

I am (not) bad.

{\i_m--

Vochinch.

So so.

flLpuifu bd / ;bd :

 

Urakli em / chem.

I'm (not) glad.

S[um p

bd / £bd:

T'pkhur em / chem.

I'm (not) sad.

Qpuiqiluid

bd / £bd:

Zpbagh vats'

em/chem.

I'm

(not) busy.

Uqiuin bd / jbd:

Azat' cm / chem.

 

I'm

(not) free.

3nq0ui6 bd / jbd:

Hognats' em / chem.

I'm

(not)'tired.

Uniliudr bd / ^bd:

Sovats' em / chem.

I'm (not) hungry.

twi?in bd /

jbd:

K'usht'

em

/

chem.

I'm (not) full / sated.

diupuuj bd / £bd:

Ts'arav

em / chem.

I'm (not) thirsty.

^piUuGq bd/*bd : Hivand

em / chem.

I'm (not) sick.

Puipl|LuguJd bd / jbd:

Bark'atsats' em / chem.

I'm (not)

angry.

UQhwGq|iuin bd / jbd:

Anhangist' em /chem.

I'm (not) worried

- 1|UI-JI|UJ:

- Inch k'a-chk'a?

(anxious). - What's up?

= UnilnpiulpnQ:

= Sovorak'an.

= As usual.

- GnpnipjruQ l|iu:

- Inch norutyun k'a?

- What's new?

= UdbDhGi l|uipq|iQ t:

= Amen inch k'arkin e. = Everything is OK.

- hGjiqb°u bQ qnpdbpp:

- Inchp'es / en gorts'erp

- How are things going?

= ^puipiuih:

= Hprashali.

= Fine.

Ujn:

 

Agreement, Approval, Certainty Ayo.

Yes.

Cwin [mil

(bqiuil):

Shat' lav (Yeghav).

OK.

hhiu'pljb (UDujiujdujQ):

Certainly.

3iutSrujpnil:

ihark'e (Anp'ayman). Hadg'uykov.

With pleasure.

bu

huidujdtujO bd:

Yes

hamadzayn em.

1 agree (By all means).

bu

tL GmjG l|iup<*hph& bd:

1 am of the same opinion.

^njuiljiuiq

t:

Yes el nuvn k'arts'ikin em. Moyak'ap' e.

Great!

UGljuiuljiudr:

Ank'ask'ats'.

Undoubtedly.

bu huidnqilwft bd:

Yes hamozvats' em. 1 am sure.

^hiuOmLh dfiuip t:

llianali mit'k e.

That's a great idea.

l i u

t:

Da ch'isht' e.

Yes, that's right.

I

m p

0|i2in

Duk ch'isht' ek.

You're right.

 

Disagreement, Refusal, Protest, Warning

 

n

} :

Voch.

No.

fy,

jbd ljuipnq:

Voch, chem k'arogh.

No,

I can't.

bu jbd

mqntd:

Yes chem uzum.

No,

I don't want to (it).

bu

hiuduifiiujG jbd:

Yes

hamadzavn chem.

I don't agree with you.

Onip u[uuj[i|nLd bp:

Duk spkhalvum ek.

You are mistaken (wrong).

flj dfi qbuipmd:

Voch mi dep'kum. No way.

l u i

uiGhGiup t:

Da anhpnar e. It's impossible.

 

Qp Ijuipnq u{uiuiuihb[:

Chi karogh p'at'ahel.

ll can't be.

t<h[uip pb:

 

Idpiuluuiuipwp bu jbd l)uipnq:

Qbd huujuiuirud:

Dpzhvar te. Dpzhbakht'abar yes chem

k'arogh. Chem havai'um. I don't believe it.

Hardly. Unfortunately I can't.

Qqni'j^:

Zpguysh.

Be careful!

 

2qni2Uigb'p:

Zpgushatsek.

Be

careful of

!

QqnL j2 bqbp:

Zpguysh yeghek.

Be careful.

Possible Replies

tuQqpbd:

Khpntrem.

You're welcome

bu Ijuipimid bd, iujn:

Yes k'arts'um em, ayo.

(Not at all). I think so.

3uu|iuGiuljuiG t:

Havanak'an e.

Perhaps.

Qqpuibd:

Chpgit'em.

I don't know.

Qiuqiuifiuip ^mObd:

Gaghapar chunem.

I have no idea.

Introducing People, Meeting People

fdrujL ini|bp GbpljwjuiGiui:

- f3niji uiijbp Qbplj wjuigOb|

Tuyl t'pvek nerk'ayanal.

- Tuyl t'Qvek nerk'ayatsnel

Let me introduce myself.

-

I'd like to introduce you to

s

|id IjOngp

S

im kpnochp

^

my wife

s

ujdntuQniQ

s

im aniusnun

S

my husband

s

fid pOljbpngD

S

im pnk'erochp

S

my friend

s

hnpD

S

im liorp

•S

my father

fid dnpp

S

im morp

S

my mother

= Cuiin ntpui|u bd 6bq

duiQnpuiQui[nL

hbui

hiuduip:

= Shat' urakh em dzez hel' ts'anotanalu hamar.

= It's a pleasure to meet you.

- bu QnijQu|bu:

- Yes nuynp'es.

-

Me too.

= Cuiin huidbih t:

= Shat' hach'eli e.

= Pleased to meet you.

Making Requests

Uuuigb'p fuGqpbd

Asatsek khpntrem

Miupbih°

t

Qbpu qui[:

K'areli

e ners gal?

Muipb[p°

t

qOuq:

K'areli

e gpnal?

Uuipn°q bp iliuqp 2 nLU1 QWL:

fltqnid bd quiDquihujpb[

pbq:

K'arog h ek vagh p shut ' gal? Uzum em zannaharel kez.

Could you please tell me May I come in? May I go? Can you come earlier tomorrow? I want to call you.

Useful Phrases

bu huijbpbD £bd funurud: Yes hayeren chem kliosum. I don't speak

Armenian.

flLqni d

bd uni|npbi huijbpbD:

bu pbq Ltui| jbd huiuljuiOnid:

hO^ujb'u bQ tuumd huijbpbO hjQqprud bd quiQquiq funubp:

Uzum em sovorel hayeren. I want to speak Armenian.

Yes kez lav chem hask'anum. I don't understand you.

Inchp'es en asum

hayeren

Khpntrum em dandagh

How do they say in

Armenian

?

Please, speak slowly.

?

 

t

Q^uiDuil^nLd:

khosek. Inch e npshanak'um? What does it mean?

h

^

t

UUJ / qui:

Useful questions and phrases Inch e sa? / da?

What

is this / that?

flpuib°q t

 

Vort'egh e?

Where is

?

h°Qj uipdb:

 

Inch arzhe?

I low much does it cost?

hGjpui'Ti u|bmp t

4TIWPBD :

Inchkan p'et'k e vpdg'arem?

How

much shall I pay?

hjQqpmd

bd

pbpbp

Khpntrum em bcrek

Please, bring me

hjQqpnid

bd

uiijibp

Khpntrum em t'pvek

Please, give me

KQj t

u|uiuuuhb[:

Inch e p'at'ahel?

What has happened?

hjQqpnid bd d|i luGhuiDquuiuigbp:

Khpntrum em mi anhangpst'atsek.

Please, don't worry.

Ujuuibq IjuiQqDb'p, fuGqpnLd bd:

Ayst'egh k'angnek, khpntrum em.

Stop here, please.

QQuigfiGp:

 

Gpnatsink.

Let's go.

CQnphuulnpnid

bd:

Shpnorhavorum em.

Congratulations.

The verb bd / to be (present)

(AIT.) bd, bu, t, bQp, bp, bQ

(Neg.) jbd, jbu, ih-it, jbGp, *bp, jbG

em, es, e, enk, ek, en

chem, dies, chi-che, chenk, chek, chen

I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, you are, they are 1 am not, you are not, he/she/it is not, we are not, you are not, they are not

(An-) th. thn. tp, thGp, t|iQ

the,

(Neg.)ith, jthn. itp. jtfiGp, ithe . ith o

Th e ver b

blS / to be

(past )

ei, eir, er, eink, eik, ein

cliei, cheir, cher, cheink, cheik, chein

I was, you were, he/she

was, we were, you were, tley

were

I wasn't, you weren't,

he/she/it wasn't, we weren't, you weren't, they weren't

3 essential verbs: l|iui5, ntDbil, q.huibil / k'ani, unem, git'etn - to exist, to have, to know

L| LU / >L|UJ l|iup/lL|iup (AIT.) bu mGbd, qni. niObu, Qui niGfi, dbOp ruGbOp, qm p niGbp, GpuiGp mDbG

(Neg.) bu jmGbd, q m jmGbu, Gui ^niGh, tlbGp jmGbGp, qm p jnt-Gbp, GpuiGp jruGbG (AIT.) bu q|iuibil, p i qfiuibu, Giu qhuifi . dbGp qpinbQp, qm p qptnbp, GpLuDp qfiuibG

(Neg.) bu jqfiuibd, qni ^qptnbu, Gui jqhwh . dbGp ^qhuibGp, qm p ^qfunbp, GpuiGp jqhuibG

k' a / chpk' a k'ar / chpk'ar yes unem, du unes, na uni, menk unenk, duk unek, nprank unen yes chunem, du chunes, na chuni, menk chunenk, duk chunek, nprank ehunen yes git'em, du git'es, na git'i, menk git'enk, duk git'ek, nprank git'en yes chpgit'em, du chpgit'es, na chp git'i, menk chpgit'enk, duk chpgit'ek, nprank chpgit'en Personal Subject Pronouns yes, du, na, menk, duk, nprank Possessive Pronouns im, ko, npra, mer, dzer, nprants

ther e i s / ther e isn' t there was / there wasn't

I have, you have, he/she

has, we have, you have, they have

I haven't, you haven't,

he/she hasn't, we haven't,

you haven't, they haven't

I know, you know, he/she

knows, we know, you know, they know

I don't know, you don't

know, he/she doesn't know, we don't know, you don't know, they don't know

I, you (sing), he/she,

we, you(plural), they

my, your, his/her, our, your,

their

bu, qni, Gui, dbGp, qntp, GpuiGp

(id, pn, Gpui, dbp, fibp, GpuiGg

nilpb°p

hOib°n

N °p

hGiuihuh"

puiGfi 0

hGjpuTG

npinb°q

n°ip

b°PP

|iG*rA

Frequently Used Interrogative ov? ovker? inch? incher? vor? inchp'isi? kani? inchkan? vort'egh? ur? yerp? inchu?

Pronouns who? (singular) who? (plural) what? (singular) what? (plural) which? what kind of? how many? (countable) how many / much? where? (location) where to? (direction) when? why?

h0jujb o u

inchp'es? Frequenly Used Demonstrative

how?

Pronouns

uiu

qui

upwQp

qpuiQp

uijuiqfiuh

uijqtqhuh

uijuinbq

uijqmbq

uijOwbq

uijuujbu

uijqujbu

UIJU

uijq

unlbD

uidbQpp

P n l n P(D) uidbO pb^ ludpnqg jnipuipuiG^jrup

[lOi-np

hQi-np dblio

UIJL

niph2

nduiGp

 

dbljp

nplLt

npLpgb

 

bppUt

dh puiGfi

dheh>

Infinitive

qiu[

/ gal -

to come

sa da sprank dp rank ayspisi aydpisi ayst'egh aydt'ech aynp'es aysp'es aydp'es ays avd

this (noun) that (noun) these those such such here there over there so/in this way so/in that way this (adj) that (adj)

Frequently Used Definite Pronouns amen

every

amenkp

everybody

bolor(p)

all

amen inch

everything

ambokhch

the whole

yurakanchyur

each

Frequently Used Indefinite Pronouns inch-vor inch-vor mek'p ayl urish vomank mek'p voreve vorevitse yerpeve mi kani mi kich

some somebody other other some people someone any any ever several a little (uncountable)

Command Everyone When You Need To! Singular Imperative

Plural

Imperative

come!

iup|V, b'lj / ari -yek ' come! qGui '/gpna-go ! uiquiupp - sp'asir- wait!

Uini/p - t'ur - give! uiilb'p /t'pvek-give !

uupuub'p / spp'asek -

bljb'p / yek'ek -

qOiUL/gpnal-to go

uujuiub[ / sp'asel - to wail

iniUL / t'al -

qGiugb'p / gpnatsek - go!

wait!

to give

ilbpgObL- vertpsnel - to take,

ilbpgpm' -

vertspru

ilbpgpb'p / vertsprek

to pick up

take!

take!

qGb[ / dpnel -

iniuGbi / t'anel - to take, carry take away pbpb[ / berel - to bring

to put

qp'p / dir - put! qpb'p /dprek-put !

uiui'p - t'ar - take, lake away! carry!

pb'p -

uuupb'p / t'arek - take!

pbpb'p / berek - bring!

pbpb[

ber-bring!

niinb [/ut'el-t o eat [uilbt / kliQmel - to drink

4duipb[ / vpdg'arel - to pay

l|b'p / k'er - eat!

[udfi'p / khpmir - drink!

ilfiUJpfl'p / vpdg'arir

tuub[ / asel -

to

say

pay! uiuiu' / asa - say!

iu0b[ /

anel -

to

do,

make

uipw'/

ara-do !

l|bpb'p / k'erek - eat! [udb'p / khpmek - drink! il&uipb'p / vpch'arek pay! uiu(uig)b'p / as(ats)ek say! uipb'p /arek-do !

Frequently Used Adverbs and Adjectives

UIU|Ui

Guifuopnp

uipwq

quiQquiq

2iuui

Phi

2 nLU1

ni2

hpdw

hbuin

uiniu j

hb2ui

qdijiup

utuuiL

Oinpp d b 6

hbinuipppfip

diuQdpuiLh

tduiO

puiQIl

huidbq

luQhuid

qbqbgfill

uppniQ

ap'a

then

nakhorok

beforehand (in

advance)

arag

quick

dandagh

slow

shat'

much, many, a lot, very

kich

little, few

shut'

early, fast, soon

ush

late

hima

now

het'o

later

ar'ach

before / ago

hesht'

easy

dpzhvar

difficult

spklial

wrong

dg'isht'

right

pokpr

small

mets'

big

het'aknrkir

interesting

dzandzrali

boring

ezhan

cheap

tank'

expensive

hamegh

tasty

anham

tastless

geghetsik'

beautiful

sirun

pretty

li,

ni

Frequently Used Conjunctions yev, u

and

but

 

pujjg

hayts

hull

 

isk'

 

but, and

uiul|uij0

sak'ayn

however

IUJIU

aylev

also, too

pbli

teyev

though, although

l^uid

k'am

or (in statements)

l|iu'd

ljiu'd

k'am

k'am

either or

pb'

pb'

te

tet

both

and

 

voch

voch

neither

nor

pb"

 

te?

or? (in questions)

np

vor

that

bpb

 

yete

if

npni[hbinh

vorovhet'ev

because

npu|buqh

vorp'esi

in order to

jGuijiuir

chpnayats'

although

Freque