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ARP Essay

Animal Testing
By: Ashley Rasor
2/9/18

Animal testing is any scientific experiment or test in which a live animal undergoes

surgery that can cause them pain, suffering, distress, and lasting harm. Most animals in

laboratories are harmed and usually killed at the end of the experiment. Each year more than 100

million animals are killed in animal testing laboratories that is including Rats, mice, dogs, cats,

rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, monkey’s, fish, and birds. Humans keep animals held in confined

cages and kept from social isolation to other animals. (“Experiments on Animals: Overview”) .

Considering viewing the pros and cons of animal testing, animal testing should be banned due to

the right that most experiments are not protected by the Animal Welfare Act, and it leads to the

usage of the government's research expenses.

Animal testing began around 1938 and was used to test major companies cosmetic

products on animals. During 1980-1999 “Advocate Henry Spira wages a successful campaign to

get cosmetics company Revlon to stop using the Draize test. Animal protection groups band

together to form the Coalition for Consumer Information on Cosmetics. The coalition manages

the Leaping Bunny cruelty-free certification program in the United States and Canada. Finally in

1998 the United Kingdom bans animal testing.” (Timeline: Cosmetics Testing on Animals).

From 2000-2017 even though the European Union, Norway, Israel and India have banned animal

testing due to the inappropriate use to animals for cosmetics and human uses along with 34 other

countries. Many other people still believe that it is considered right in order to help advance our

understandings of human needs and our scientific knowledge, considering the suffering of 100

million animals being killed per year for our needs. Looking at the factual evidence shown it
seems like there hasn’t been a debate about the topic. That’s why it took so long for countries to Commented [1]: no contraction in formal essay

finally get their act together about whether it is right or not to kill millions of animals per year

during the 1900’s to present day.

When looking at Animal testing most of the time there are two sides a pro and a con.

Many people think that animal testing is not harming or causing anything in our world because

life continues as we still know it. While there are many other people who believe that animals

also have the right to live and survive on this planet as well. The people that believe that animal

testing should be banned agree that research could mislead researchers and scientist into ignoring

potential cures and treatments. With the fact that some chemicals could be ineffective, or harmful

to animals prove valuable when used by humans. (Animal Testing - ProCon.org.). In reality

animal testing is inhumane and cruel where animals are being forced daily to suffer for our

experiments to save humanity. “Tests have shown that animals that have had diseases from

experiments have gained that mice have had grown tumors the size of their body, kittens are

purposely blinded, rats are made to suffer seizures, and finally primates skulls are cuts open and

electrodes are implanted in them.”(Experiments on Animals: Overview.). Now everyone has an

idea what they do to animals in a laboratory.

Looking at the opposing views of animal testing scientist feel that by testing animals it

could help improve our health as humans. For example they can use drugs on animals to insure

that nothing will harm us humans when we take the drug, knowing it could harm and kill the

animal when being tested on to ensure our own safety (“14 Pros and Cons of Animal

Research.”). While some people believe that animals and humans are the exact same. Humans

and animals are two different species some are more complex than others even if some scientist

believe that “rats” are closer to humans than other animals. While animals are tested in a
laboratory they are not going to act like they are in their natural environment. Therefore animals

can react differently to drugs and medication than humans will. When animals are being tested

on scientist make it to where the animals suffers and it makes the animal feel helpless. When

watching the videos it shows the torture and what they do to animals whether is headgear that it

seen on top of their head or being put in a restraint device that enables them to be mobile or

testing drugs on them that could cause them to be blind or physically changed.

Looking at the second opposing view it is highly regulated that animals are protected

from any mistreatment. This states that animals are protected by the federal Animal Welfare Act

since 1966. Animal laboratories are also suppose to be inspected by veterinarians. The research

also has to be approved by an institutional Animal Care and Use Committee that is set up by

each research facility. In a test 95% of animals that are used in experiments are not even

protected by the Animal Welfare Act. The Animal Welfare Act states that it does not protect fish,

rats, mice, and birds which comprise 95% of the animals used in research. The AWA covered

about 1 million animals used for testing in 2016 which then left about another 25 million not

covered by the AWA. This 25 million are vulnerable to mistreatment and abuse without the care

of the AWA. (Animal Testing - ProCon.org.) Commented [2]: period on outside

In the animal world we see cuteness and lovability between animals of all shapes and

sizes as pets. Dr. Christopher Austin makes it very clear that in this quote not everything can be

translated from animal to human. “Traditional animal testing is expensive, time-consuming, uses

a lot of animals and from a scientific perspective the results do not necessarily translate to

humans.”(Dr. Christopher Austin, former director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Chemical Genomics Center.) In a testing on 1,000 rats and 100 dogs all together researchers Commented [3]: author's last name only; you can
mention the rest of the information in the sentence (it
would add ethos--credibility)
found that it took $7.3 million of taxpayers money in a study of animals. That later in the
article/listings people of the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) found $56.4 million of

government funds spent on animal experiments despite the fact that over many years failed to

provide useful results. (Animal Testing - ProCon.org.). Commented [4]: make sure all evidence is
explained/tied back to thesis
Finally we can highly see that there are more cons than pros to this end of the story. By Commented [5]: careful with informal tone in formal
essay
looking at both sides of the story you can finally see why some people believe that animal testing

is either beneficial or cruel to nature itself. Animal testing is overall cruel and inhumane. Many

innocent animals die everyday for being in the use or tested for our own needs. The Animal

Welfare Act unfortunately sounds like they do not support these innocent animals. Countries

should ban animal testing and find new ways to test products without the use of something from

nature.

Works Cited

“14 Pros and Cons of Animal Research.” Vittana.org, 22 Aug. 2017, vittana.org/14-pros-

and-cons-of-animal-research.
“Animal Testing - ProCon.org.” Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?,

animal-testing.procon.org/.

“Cruelty to Animals in Laboratories.” PETA, 2018

www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animals-laboratories/.

“Experiments on Animals: Overview.” PETA, 2018

www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animals-used-

experimentation-factsheets/animal-experiments-overview/.

“Timeline: Cosmetics Testing on Animals.” The Humane Society of the United States,

www.humanesociety.org/issues/cosmetic_testing/timelines/timeline-cosmetics-

testing-on-animals.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/.