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7

021 1 1 02 0
/ C A J?E / X / M
g 2005
C A R T R R E AN
S H JD I E S

PA P E R 02

KEY BU D MARK S C ĦR Æ

Qu e s t ĺ o n 4 . (c o n t '
đ)

Im a c t gn đe v e īo p m e n t

ĺ £ a n u n d e r s ta n d in g o f đė v e ıo p m en t īs a n in c r e a s e 三n p r o du c t iv i t y
in q ita b le e u m a n n gr 1 1 1 īm p
d
P ļ g u c tīv ī ヒ
a c t o n db re lo pm en Ł th r o u gh
y r e du c e d

ī£ a n u n đe tN
r s n đī n sr o £ đe v e l
o p m e n t īs t ĺ e d t
e qu a li z a t io n o s o c ia l an ū
th e n â ĺ ş c r īm īn e c n Į lo m i c
,
a to ry p r a c tic e
s a g a in s t w o m en c on tr ib u t e
w ith m e ı
1, s o c ĺ a l ly a n d e c o n n m īc a l ly Aċ ċ o dĺ
Pactīces , Ī Ł īs đo u b ly đi f £ī c
r n g to p r e s eńt
u ıt fò r
s Ea tu s d p
w o m e n to ā ch ie v e s im ila r
an r e s t ig e a s m en

īf o n e un đe r s t jin đj n £
lo pm e ń E r e la t e s t r o £ đe v e
d o r ò v e đ īn s t ī t
a n a t t i t u đe t hen u t īo n s
ī s
c r m ĺ n a Ło r , dīs
y p r a c t ic e s « r e c t ėđ a t
E p r e s e ń Ł a £o r m o £
ş o c ī a i īn ju s t ĺ c e
e w o m e n
A đ ev eıop en ta ı o b j e c t iv e
w o u 1đ b e to r e v ie w a ń d r v ĺ
e s e Ðr a c t ıc e s i n
an o r g a n ī ż ĉ Ĺt ĺ o n tha t
m ąy h e e x p l i c i t l
y (o r ī n a d v e r t m ヒl ) d ī i
y s n r m i ń ir t ī n ġ F
X c o m pa n y m a y p Į o v īd
e a n o n t h r e a t e ħī n
o r e c a m Þe ,
b e f r e e ヒo r e o r t i g e l l e w h e r e E e m a ıe s m a
p n s tan c e s o f s e x u y
a l lia r a s s m È n t w ī t h b u t
r e p e r c u s s io n s £e a r o f

s in c e w om en ıa
a r e r g ė 1y th e n u æ u r e r s o f th
P r a c t ic e s d ir e c te d a t
e y o u n g , īscrīmīnaļ óy
đ
w o m e n Đr e h n r m fu l to the f th e
yo u n g o
s o c i e ty Fo r e x am p le th e r s
, m o w ho c a n r Ėa iī c o n t r ĺ b u ヒe t o £a m ī 1 y
1ĺ t e r a c y an d īi np ov ed he a lth a n d n u tr ī ヒ丘o n f fa m il ie
du t io n
o s Gīls 。
e c a īs th e r e fà r i
e o p a r am o u n t m p o r t a ñc e ī đe v g lo pm en t
i n i ヒ도a ヒ王v e s .

[5 m a r k s ]
Th e e s s a y s ho u ld b e lo g ic a l ly o r gan iz ed , c o he r e n t a n đ c o n c lu s io n s ju s ヒ丘f ĺ d
e
w i th th e m in im u m o f m ĺ s ta k e s īn
,

s p e ll in g , g r a m m a r and e x p r e s s ĺ o n

Ca n d ida t e s s h o u ld d em o n s tr a te c le a r ly a n đ logic a l ly th e Dīs c r ĺ m ī r ta E o n


a g a ĺ n s t w om e n a n đ h o w ĺ t im p a c ts o n d le v e lo p m e n tī ī r th e C a r ĺ bbe an

T ò Ła ı 2 0 m a i» ks

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C A R T I3B R A N S U JD I E S

PB P E R 02

K EY AND M ARK S r :H E M R

SE CT IO N C

M OD ULE 1 C A R T B J3E A ıI S O C I E T Y BND cm FOR E


'

Qu e s t io n 5

X n ow ļ e ćq ◆

c u l tu r a l īn s t ītu tīo n s

ş o c ĺ e ty

c u ltu r e

p a r lia m e n ta r y s y s tem s
c ĺ a 1 şy s Ľe m s

if th e s t a Ee m e ńt is tak en to be la r g e ly tr u e , th e c an đi đa E e m a y sa y

Ţh ā t t h e s tr o n g £e e 1 į n g , e v e n a f t e r e m a n c i a t i o n t h a t E u r o Þe a ń
p ,
v a lu an đ w y s
e s o £ l i f e w e r e m o r e đr 阿豆ŕ ā h l F t h a n o th e r s , h e lp e d
C O P r o m o t e t h e đn m i n a t ĺ o n o f
Æ r o p e a n c u l t u ŕ ā 1 i n s t ī t u Łī o n s ヒo đa y
īń t h e C a ř ĺ h h e a n an d
,

T ha t su c H b e ıĺ e f s c o n ヒĺ n d ヒo b £o
u e e s t e r e đ a fte r em àn c ĺ p a tĺ o ń a s

ću d /p Ł
th e Eu r o p e a n s r p M i r ıe đ th
a c e ļ o p o f th e s o c ia l an d e c o n o m ic
h ie r a r c hy

Su c h b ıī e f § ls fo s t e r )y t h e c u l t u ŕ a ĺ d ĺ v ī s ĺ o n s a ñ d p r e j u d i c e s
e w e r e a o ed ł
am o n g im m ig r an ts brougt łJy t h e E u r o p e a n s a s l a b o u r (c h a r a c t e r i t i
s c
o f p lu r a l so c ie tie s ) bu t w h o ' a g e e đ' o n t h e s u p e r i o r i t
y ó f Eu rope an
c u l tu r e

Eur opean s \ ıre r e lo n g īn tr o l f


c o n o C a r į bbe a n c o u n t r i e s (5 0 0 y e a r s )
du r ĺ n g w h į ch t im e th e y 主呻 o s e d th e i r in t i tu t io
s n s a n d p r a c tĺ c e s ı
in d e p en den c e ha s on ly b l ilt y £o
e e n a r e a r a b o u t 3 0 4 o y e a r s

Eur o p ean c u l tu r a ı īn t ĺ Łu E ĺ o n s
s (o r t p r a c tĺ c e s ) n c l u đe

b e 1 ī e £s l m y Ľ h s e g B a s e đ o n E u r o p e a n s u e r io r i t
p y
l a n g u a g e s (F r e n c h Sp a n s h
, ,
E n g l i s h , D u Łc h )
r e l i g io n s (R o m a n C a t h o 1 ī c , a n g l i c a n
,
M e Łh o đĺ s t )
p a r l ia m e n t a r y s y s t e m s l e g a ı a n d ju d i c i a l s s t e
,
y m s
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ÞÅ LĄ

月 0 2 1 1 1 0 2 0 / C A P E /M M S 2 005

C A R I B B E R JQ S T U D I E S

PAPER 02

h e a lth an d e du c a t jio n s y s t em s

į te m s o £ p r o du c t io n
tr a đe an d e c o n o m c ßy s

iv i l l ic e s e r v īc e s l tr a de u n īo n s
c p o

ie w e r e de s ig n e d to b e a d ju n c ts o f
th e m e t r o p o le c a r llb b e a n e c o n o m s

T hey w e r e e s s e n t iia l l y p r o du c e r s o f r a w
th e m e tr o p o ıī t a n e c o n o m ie s

o f th e tr op le a n d th e p u r c h a s e r s o f
m a t e r ĺ a ls fo r th e in du s tr ie s me
】 o ,

Thĺ lin ka ge to E u r o p e a n e c o n o m ic īn s t ī tu t ī o n s
m an u fa c tu r e d go o đs s

If th e c a n đī d a t e dīs a g r e e s l
h e o r 5 1į ė m a y s tr e s s th r f ī M p e n đe n c e
f lte t iv e v a ıu e s a i lđ w a y s o f 1 1 £e e g v a 1 ī đa t ī o n
a n đ the a c c e p ta n c e o a rn a ,

d f lo l la Į in p lays an đ n o v e ls in d i g e n o u s
p a t o iis n gu a g
f a n u s e o ca e s
o

r e l ig io n s b e c o m in g popu la r e g R a s ta fa r ī a n iis m ä n đ t fıe o r į s ha s l e t h n ic

aıt en atī ve £o r m s o f a n đ th e p o p u ıä r ĺ t y o f lo c a l m u s ic a n d ar t

£o rm s

cOmm unE į en [1 o nm r k s ]
En ou

T h e e s s ą y s h o u l d b ė ıo g ĺ Æ i l y g r g a n ī z e d , c o h e r e n t a n d c o n c l u s i o n s j u s t i f i e d ,

w i th t h e m i n i m u m o f m ī s t a k e ş ī n s p e l l i n g , g r a m m a r a n d e JW e s s ĺ än

The s ta n c e th a t th e c a n d ida t e a đo j t s o n the qu e s tio n s h o u ld p r o v ĺ de th e

ba s ĺ s fo r s yn th e s ĺ s o f p o ĺ n ts

Th e c a n d id a t e īs a ls o a l lo w e d to täke a po s itio n ĺ f he o r s h e đo e s n o t th ĺ n k
īt do m in a te s b u t th e r e m u s t be s tr o n g fa c tu a l ıo g i c a l a r gu m e n t fo r ĺ t

T o t a l 30 m a r k s

S p e c ĺ £ī c Oh je c t īv e § 3

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13

02 1 1 1 02 0 /C A
P E /K /M g
2 005
CAR IBBEAN
STUDIES

PA P ER 02

T ・
H Xñ 【 łU V L J M A RK S C H M IE

The c a n đi đa t ė
m a y w is h
to a d dr e s s th e n o t i
s e em to en on t h a Ľ th e pr e ss do e s n o t
g a g e īn r ĺ o
g r ou s ī n v e s t ĺ g a t ī v e r e o r ヒī n
o n ĺ t s
o m e t h in
,
p g whĺ c h w ou ld c on fe r
g o f a n o b je c t iv
the pr e s s t e a n o n o n p a r tĺ s a n r o l e so th a t
a ke s on , w hen
a n is s u e o n e w o n đe r s
b e n e f ĺ t fr w h o s e is s u e '
'
, īs ī t ı w h o 9 11 1
om th ĺ s a n a l s i
s il e n h d ?
y s w ho s e ĺ h a b ĺ Łu
Th e s c e ti v o c e s a r e a ı1 y
p c ĺ sm w ĺ th w hic h th e p r e s s m a y b e v i e w e d h a s in o r ta n t

k kw
m
En gu į n
c
t ļ A ・ s Z Ļ A tL ı
c *

0
m ł
K
L L Z ? Ék
q Ļ, tk Ļ k
ąn d ÇO I P Į c e n t o
[1 0 m a r ks J
The can dĺ datė s h o u ld c om m u n ic te l e a r ly
a c an d lo g ic a lly hīs o r h
an a ly s is o f fr đo m
, e r
e e f th e p r
o e s s an d d em on s tr a t e h ĺ t ĺ JW
ow a c ts
d ev e lo p m en t īn th e
o n
C a r īh b e a n .

The s tan c e t ħa t the c a n đī đa t e đo p t s


a on th e qu e s t io n s ho u ıd ĺ de
th e ba s is fo pr o v
r s y n th e s is o f poĺ n ts

To ta ı 30 m a r Jc s

Sp e c īfī c Ob je c t iv e 7

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D IE S
S 'H 】
CA R IB B EA N

PA PER 02

KEY AND M A RK EM E
SCïŁ

Qu e s tb i o n 8 , to o n t ' đ)

a r in a s p o s e
to u r i s t đe v e ıo p m en t a r e a s w ĺ th h ig h r is e h o t e ıs a n d m
d an d
s o fte n p ol lu te
a n envīronmntaļ p r o blem a s th e w a t e r
c t th e s e
fa c i l i t i e s
w e t l n n đs h a v e h a d to be f i 1 1 p đ īn to c o n s tr u

t e r f a 1 ıs
a r e a s w hic h a t tr a c t m an y tcrisĽs , e g c o r a l r e e fs ,
w a ,

d n o ıo n g e r
v o ıc an o e s ,
in c u r th e đa n g ė r o £ e c o lo gīc a ı dam a g e a n

tsism d k e r s a r e go l e
īs o £t e n a s e a s on a l a c t iv i ty a n m an y w o r

a n d un ęm p l o y e đ fo r lo n g p e r ĺ o đs :
g Q 色e
e q c e LL
c v

to u r is m is w in e r a b ıe t J ī n t e m a t īon a l e v e n ts w hĺ c h p o s e a th r e a t

to '
fly in g ' e s e p t e m ł)e r 11 th d is a s t e r Ir a q u S w a r a s w e 1ı
, g , ,

a s a đo w n Łu r n in th e e c o n ロm y o £m e tr o p o l itan c ou n tr i e s

-
ť L a e d c c
s ex u a l d is e a s e s a n đ pr o m is c u ity s e e m to in c r e a s e w i th an ī n f ıu x

o £ v is it o r s h a v in g d iffe r e n t v a lu e s a n d n o rm s

rīv i l e g ī n g o £ t h e is ito r o v e r lo c a l p e o p le a s s h o w n īn the k in d


p v

o f p r e fe r e n t ĺ a ı tr e a tm en t they r ec e iv e ī u t h e s e r v ic e s e c to r ąpđ

to s u pp o r t th e g o a ls o f đe v e lo p m e n t , e g

su s ta in a b i l i ty o £ e c o n o m y
e n v ir o nm e n ta l p r o te c t io n

p r o đu c t iv ĺ ty

S u g g e s ヒi o n s m a y in c lu d e

A c om m i tm
o n t h e p a r t o f u r b a n p l a n n e r s a n di g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c ĺ e s t o
en t

be un c o m o r omī s īn g ī n p r o t e c t ĺ n g t h e e n v i r o n m e n t a g a i n s t t h e l o b b y o f
bĺ g b u s in e s s a n d g o v e r n m e n t p r o g r a m m e s s o th a t m a r in e e n v ir o n m e n t s

ar e l i k e l y t o s u f f e r o n l y m i n i m a l đa m a g e

Thĺ s r e fle c Ľs th e is s u e o £ s e t t in g u p ĺ n ĺ t ia t ĺ v e s tha t pr o m o te


su s ta ĺ n a b ıe de lo pm e n t
v e (w h ĺ c h m a y be m o r e ex p en s iv e a s ĺ t đe m a n đs
rno r e c o n tr o l s a n đm on į to r ĺ n g ) v e r su s th o s e tha t s e e m t o b e c h e a pe r a n đ
w ill b r i rrg p r o fĺ Ľ s īn th e s ho r te r te m

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画画 团团团团■

., ,


0 2 1 1 1 0 2 0 / C 1 2 E / K/ MS 2 005

C A R IB B E A N ST UD IE S

PA P BR 02

K EY AN D M ARK S C H EČ

Qu e s t io n 8 (c o n t ・
d )

tha t th y m a y tu m to īn
Ho t e ls c o u ld a ıs o h a v e a lte r n a Łī v e a c t ĺ v ilt ĺ e s e

la t d fa s hĺ o n fo o d
t īv ī t īe e Ľo ,
t im e s o f ıo w o c c u p a n c y , e g A c s r e

h o t e ı in d u tr y m o u n t in g
t r a i n in g f e r s o n n e l īn a s p e c t s o f th e s ,
o p
te in g t o t h e e n te r ヒa ĺ n m en Ľ
b t c a r
s p e c ia l ev en ts o r to u r s to o o s o c c u p a n c y i
te ı
a n d o th e r n e e d s o i th e lo c a l popuı
atbn ,
īn o r đe r t o k e e p th e h o a s

i a b le e c o n o m ic e n t i ty fo r the w h o le y e a r
a v

lo ı p op l a tio n d o e s n o t y ie ld
f th e f e n s u r in g th a t th e c a u
o n e o w a y s o
d is )
u a ı1 y tr a n sm ĺ t te d e a s e s
to th e thr e a t s p o s e đ by to u r tsm (e g s e x
th a t th e tou r ist
īs e o th ĺ n k o f w a y s o f m īn ĺ ī s īn g t h e a t t r a c t i o n
m
h ıī e jin p r o v 丘d i n g
T ĺ y
(u s u a l l y m a l e ) s m a
r e s e n t s to th e ıo c a l p e r s o n
p i t is n o t s e e n a s
th e t u r s
ヒu n ī t ī e s s o t h a t
o
dĺ v e r s ĺ fī e d e c o n o m ic o pp o r

a v a lu a b le o p p o r t u n ī ヒy

£ th e c h a ı1 e n g e s th a t
b b le to s h o w tha t s o m e o
Th e c a n d ĺ da t e m a y e a
ffė c t īv e ıy by
t b e a đd r e s s e đ e
t s Ło d e v e l o p m e n t c a n n o
to u r is m p r e s e n

ll c o u n tr ie s w ĺ th fe w r e s o u r c e s
sm a

[1 0 m a r k s ]
īr v a n ö C em u n ĺ æ
E
h e su gge s ted w ay s
īc a te c le a r ly a n d l o g ic a lly t
dĺ d m u s t c o m m u x n f
ca n a te s
ddr s e d t o f u l f i l l t h e g o a ıs o
đu s t r y c a n b e a e s
hĺ h th e to u r ism ĺ n
in w c
đe to s o m e o f th e s e g o a ıs
R e fe r e n c e s h o u ıd b e m a
d e v e ıo p m e n t
h ıđ p r o v id e
ヒh e q u e s tĺ o n s o u
th đī d a te a d o p ヒs o n
Th e s ta n c e th a t e c a n

fo th e s ĺ s o £P o in t s
th e b a s ĺ s r s w

T o t a l 30 m a r k s

īv 1 2 3
Sp e c ific ob je c t e s , ,

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