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Tip motor Dispunerea cilindrilor i φ ε D[mm]

MAS Linie 5 28 9.7 109.3

Formula Rezultat Unitate de masura Pct

ψ=S/D 0.7868252516 mm g
r=S/2 43 mm
Lb=3.5*r 150.5 mm
Λ=r/Lb 0.2857
Vs=((π*D*D)/4)*S 807 cm3
Vk=Vs/(ε-1) 93 cm3
Va=Vs+Vk 900 cm3
Vt=i*Vs 4035 cm3
Wpmed=(S*nP)/30 16.20 m/s
ω=(π*nP)/30 592 rad/s
Nc(h) 16950 ciclu/h
Nc(m) 2825 ciclu/min
Nc(s) 47.1 ciclu/sec a
Timpul pe ciclu 3.54E-04 min/cilcu
Timpul pe ciclu 2.12E-02 sec/ciclu
Timpul pe ciclu 4.25E-02 ore/ciclu

c
Curba de variatie a presiunii in timpul admisiei s

1.4000

1.2000

1.0000

0.8000
P [MPa]

0.6000

0.4000

0.2000

0.0000
0 100 200 300 400V [cm3]
500 600 700 800 900 1000

Curba de variatie a presiunii in timpul arderii, destinderii s

6.0000

5.0000

4.0000
6.0000

5.0000

4.0000

P
[MPa]3.0000

2.0000

1.0000

0.0000
0.0 100.0 200.0 300.0 400.0
V [cm3]
500.0 600.0 700.0 800.0 900.0 1000.0

Curba de variatie a presiunii in cei 4 timpi

6.0000

5.0000

4.0000

P [MPa]
3.0000

2.0000
P [MPa]
3.0000

2.0000

1.0000

0.0000
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700
V [cm3]

α  ͦRAC Xp I [mm] Xp II [mm] Xp [mm] Wp I [m/s] Wp II [m/s]


0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
15 1.47 0.41 1.88 6.58 3.63
30 5.76 1.54 7.30 12.72 6.30
45 12.59 3.07 15.67 17.99 7.27
60 21.50 4.61 26.11 22.03 6.30
75 31.87 5.73 37.60 24.57 3.63
90 43.00 6.14 49.14 25.44 0.00
105 54.13 5.73 59.86 24.57 -3.63
120 64.50 4.61 69.11 22.03 -6.30
135 73.41 3.07 76.48 17.99 -7.27
150 80.24 1.54 81.77 12.72 -6.30
165 84.53 0.41 84.95 6.58 -3.63
180 86.00 0.00 86.00 0.00 0.00
195 84.53 0.41 84.95 -6.58 3.63
210 80.24 1.54 81.77 -12.72 6.30
225 73.41 3.07 76.48 -17.99 7.27
240 64.50 4.61 69.11 -22.03 6.30
255 54.13 5.73 59.86 -24.57 3.63
270 43.00 6.14 49.14 -25.44 0.00
285 31.87 5.73 37.60 -24.57 -3.63
300 21.50 4.61 26.11 -22.03 -6.30
315 12.59 3.07 15.67 -17.99 -7.27
330 5.76 1.54 7.30 -12.72 -6.30
345 1.47 0.41 1.88 -6.58 -3.63
360 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Viteza pistonului

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00
Wp I
Wp I, Wp II,Wp[m/s]

0.00 Wp
0 90 180 270 360 450 II
Wp
-10.00

-20.00

-30.00

-40.00

α [ R
 ͦ AC]
S[mm] nM[r/m] nP[r/m] Sistem racire Arbori cu came
86 3270 5650 Cu lichid 2

α V[cm3] Pcil[Mpa] Li[J]

0 93 0.1200 Li mediu [J]


15 110.4 0.0800 857.5189
30 161.2 0.0800 1.76
45 239.7 0.0800 4.07
60 337.7 0.0800 6.28 Nr.crt.
75 445.6 0.0800 7.84 1
90 553.8 0.0800 8.63 2
105 654.4 0.0800 8.66 3
120 741.2 0.0800 8.04 4
135 810.3 0.0800 6.94 5
150 860.0 0.0800 5.53 6
165 889.8 0.0800 3.98 7
180 900 0.0800 2.38
195 889.8 0.0811 0.79
210 860.0 0.0845 -0.80
225 810.3 0.0908 -2.46
240 741.2 0.1011 -4.36
255 654.4 0.1176 -6.64
270 553.8 0.1439 -9.49
285 445.6 0.1872 -13.15
300 337.7 0.2618 -17.93
315 239.7 0.3963 -24.22
330 161.2 0.6406 -32.24
345 110.4 1.0133 -40.71
360 93 1.2505 -42.05
375 110.4 5.5000 -19.93
390 161.2 3.4638 59.43
405 239.7 2.1345 227.92
420 337.7 1.4053 219.81
435 445.6 1.0021 173.39
450 553.8 0.7685 129.82
465 654.4 0.6270 95.86
480 741.2 0.5386 70.17
495 810.3 0.4831 50.56
510 860.0 0.4492 35.33
525 889.8 0.4310 23.17
540 899.7 0.4252 13.10
555 889.8 0.1200 4.23
570 860.0 0.1200 -2.70
585 810.3 0.1200 -3.57
600 741.2 0.1200 -5.96
615 654.4 0.1200 -8.30
630 553.8 0.1200 -10.41
645 445.6 0.1200 -12.07
660 337.7 0.1200 -12.99
675 239.7 0.1200 -12.94
690 161.2 0.1200 -11.76
705 110.4 0.1200 -9.42
720 92.7 0.1200 -6.10

n timpul admisiei si a comprimarii Curba de variatie a presiunii in timpu

1.4000

1.2000

1.0000

P 0.8000
[MPa]

0.6000

0.4000

0.2000
700 800 900 1000
0.0000
0 90 180

pul arderii, destinderii si evacuarii

Curba de variatie a presi

6.0000
5.0000
Curba de variatie a presi

6.0000
5.0000
4.0000
P [MPa]
3.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
270 360 4

0.0 900.0 1000.0

Curba d variatie a
6.0000

in cei 4 timpi 5.0000

4.0000

P [Mpa]
3.0000

2.0000

1.0000

0.0000
0 90
600 700 800 900 1000

Wp [m/s] ap I [m/s^2] ap II [m/s^2] ap [m/s^2]


Distanta parcursa
0.00 15053 4301 19354
10.22 14540 3725 18265
100.00
19.02 13036 2150 15187
25.26 10644 0 10644 90.00
28.33 7526 -2150 5376 80.00
28.21 3896 -3725 171
25.44 0 -4301 -4301 70.00
20.94 -3896 -3725 -7621 60.00
15.74 -7526 -2150 -9677
50.00
10.72 -10644 0 -10644
Xp I,Xp II,Xp[mm]

6.43 -13036 2150 -10886 40.00


2.95 -14540 3725 -10815
30.00
0.00 -15053 4301 -10752
-2.95 -14540 3725 -10815 20.00
-6.43 -13036 2150 -10886 10.00
-10.72 -10644 0 -10644
-15.74 -7526 -2150 -9677 0.00
0 90 180
-20.94 -3896 -3725 -7621
-25.44 0 -4301 -4301
α [ R
 ͦ AC
-28.21 3896 -3725 171
-28.33 7526 -2150 5376
-25.26 10644 0 10644
-19.02 13036 2150 15187
-10.22 14540 3725 18265
0.00 15053 4301 19354

Acceleratia pistonului

25000

20000

15000

10000
ap I, ap II,ap [m/s^2]

ap
5000 I
ap
0 II
0 90 180 270 360 450 ap
-5000

-10000

-15000

-20000
α [ R
 ͦ AC]
pmi [MPa] Pi [kW] Mi [N*m] Randamentul mecanic Le [J]
1.0627 201.87 341.20 0.89 763.19

Motor i D[mm] S[mm] Vt[cm3]


Audi 80 5 82.5 86.4 2309
VW Golf IV 6 81 90.3 2792
Land Rover Freelander 4 80 89.3 1795
Citroen Xantia 4 83 81.4 1762
Skoda Octavia 4 81 86.4 1781
Peugeot 106 4 72 69 1124
Motor proiectat 5 109.3 86 4035

Puterea litrica pentru motoare similare


60.0000

50.0000

40.0000

30.0000

20.0000

10.0000

0.0000
Audi 80 VW Golf IV Land Rover Citroen Xantia Skoda Octavia Peugeot 106 Motor proiecta
Freelander Tipuri motoare
atie a presiunii in timpul admisiei si a comprimarii in functie de unghiul α

90 180 270 360 450


α

urba de variatie a presiunii in timpul arderii, destinderii si evacuarii in functie de α


urba de variatie a presiunii in timpul arderii, destinderii si evacuarii in functie de α

70 360 450 540 630 720 810


α

Curba d variatie a presiunii in cei 4 tipi in functie de α


6.0000

5.0000

4.0000

P [Mpa]
3.0000

2.0000

1.0000

0.0000
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720
α
Distanta parcursa de piston

0
Xp
0 I
Xp
0 II
Xp
0

0
0 90 180 270 360 450

α [ R
 ͦ AC]
ap
I
ap
II
450 ap
pme [MPa] Pe [W] Me [N*m]
0.946 179.67 303.66

Np[rot/min] Cap cil[l] Viteza unghiulara[rad/s] Putere[CP] Pe[kW]


5500 2.3 575.96 133 97.79
6200 2.8 649.26 204 150.00
5550 1.8 581.19 120 88.24
5500 1.8 575.96 110 80.88
6000 1.8 628.32 125 91.91
5500 1.1 575.96 60 44.12
5650 4.0 591.67 244 179.67

milare 90.0000 Momentul litric pentru motoare similare


80.0000

70.0000

60.0000

50.0000

40.0000

30.0000

20.0000

10.0000

0.0000
Audi 80 VW Golf IV Land Rover Citroen Skoda Peugeot
FreelanderTipuri
Xantia Octavia
de motoare 106

Octavia Peugeot 106 Motor proiectat


Puterea raportata la aria pistonului pentru mot

0.6000

0.5000

0.4000

0.3000

0.2000

0.1000

0.0000
Audi 80 VW Golf IV Land Rover Citroen Xantia Skoda Octavia Peugeot 106
Freelander
Tipuri motoare

in functie de α
mp [kg] m bo [kg]
0.5 0.4
in functie de α

∝ [grade] P cil [Mpa]


0 0.1200
15 0.0800
30 0.0800
45 0.0800
60 0.0800
810
75 0.0800
90 0.0800
105 0.0800
120 0.0800
135 0.0800
150 0.0800
165 0.0800
180 0.0800
195 0.0811
210 0.0845
225 0.0908
240 0.1011
255 0.1176
270 0.1439
285 0.1872
300 0.2618
315 0.3963
330 0.6406
345 1.0133
360 1.2505
375 5.5000
390 3.4638
405 2.1345
420 1.4053
435 1.0021
720
450 0.7685
465 0.6270
480 0.5386
495 0.4831
510 0.4492
525 0.4310
540 0.4252
555 0.1200
570 0.1200
585 0.1200
600 0.1200
615 0.1200
630 0.1200
645 0.1200
660 0.1200
675 0.1200
690 0.1200
705 0.1200
720 0.1200

40000

30000

20000

N , B [N] 10000

0
0 90 180

-10000

-20000

-30000
Vs[cm3] Me[Nm] PL[kw/L] ML[Nm/L] PA[kw/dm^2]
461.86 169.79 42.3478 73.5258 0.3659
465.32 231.03 53.7270 82.7508 0.4852
448.87 151.82 49.1429 84.5550 0.4388
440.42 140.43 45.9117 79.7135 0.3737
445.22 146.28 51.6104 82.1405 0.4459
280.93 76.60 39.2598 68.1643 0.2709
806.92 303.66 44.5320 75.2654 0.3830

ntru motoare similare

α [grade]
0
15
30
45
60
75
90
105
120
135
150
165
180
ver Citroen Skoda Peugeot Motor
derTipuri
Xantia Octavia
de motoare 106 proiectat 195
210
225
240
255
270
285
ria pistonului pentru motoare similare 300
315
330
345
360
375
390
405
420
435
450
465
480
495
510
525
540
555
570
585
Citroen Xantia Skoda Octavia Peugeot 106 Motor 600
ri motoare proiectat 615
630
645
660
675
690
705
720

Acceleratia
150000
Ɛb [m/s^2]

100000

50000

0
0 90
-50000

-100000
m seg [kg] m B [kg] m 1 [g] m j [kg] FA
0.05 0.88 0.242 1.1920 -17943 -150000
-100000

-150000

Fp [N] Fj I [N] Fj II [N] Fj [N] F [N] β [grade]


187.7 -17943 -5127 -23070 -22882 0.0000
-187.7 -17332 -4440 -21772 -21959 4.2408
-187.7 -15539 -2563 -18103 -18290 8.2132
-187.7 -12688 0 -12688 -12875 11.6557
-187.7 -8972 2563 -6408 -6596 14.3258
-187.7 -4644 4440 -204 -392 16.0204
-187.7 0 5127 5127 4939 16.6015
-187.7 4644 4440 9084 8896 16.0204
-187.7 8972 2563 11535 11347 14.3258
-187.7 12688 0 12688 12500 11.6557
-187.7 15539 -2563 12976 12788 8.2132
-187.7 17332 -4440 12892 12704 4.2408
-187.7 17943 -5127 12817 12629 0.0000
-177.6 17332 -4440 12892 12714 -4.2408
-145.6 15539 -2563 12976 12830 -8.2132
-86.4 12688 0 12688 12601 -11.6557
10.7 8972 2563 11535 11546 -14.3258
165.0 4644 4440 9084 9249 -16.0204
411.8 0 5127 5127 5538 -16.6015
818.4 -4644 4440 -204 614 -16.0204
1518.3 -8972 2563 -6408 -4890 -14.3258
2780.3 -12688 0 -12688 -9907 -11.6557
5072.2 -15539 -2563 -18103 -13030 -8.2132
8569.3 -17332 -4440 -21772 -13202 -4.2408
10794.9 -17943 -5127 -23070 -12275 0.0000
50666.9 -17332 -4440 -21772 28895 4.2408
31562.1 -15539 -2563 -18103 13460 8.2132
19089.5 -12688 0 -12688 6402 11.6557
12247.1 -8972 2563 -6408 5839 14.3258
8464.3 -4644 4440 -204 8260 16.0204
6272.4 0 5127 5127 11399 16.6015
4944.4 4644 4440 9084 14028 16.0204
4115.5 8972 2563 11535 15650 14.3258
3594.4 12688 0 12688 16282 11.6557
3276.8 15539 -2563 12976 16253 8.2132
3105.5 17332 -4440 12892 15997 4.2408
3051.4 17943 -5127 12817 15868 0.0000
187.7 17332 -4440 12892 13080 -4.2408
187.7 15539 -2563 12976 13164 -8.2132
187.7 12688 0 12688 12875 -11.6557
187.7 8972 2563 11535 11723 -14.3258
187.7 4644 4440 9084 9271 -16.0204
187.7 0 5127 5127 5314 -16.6015
187.7 -4644 4440 -204 -17 -16.0204
187.7 -8972 2563 -6408 -6221 -14.3258
187.7 -12688 0 -12688 -12500 -11.6557
187.7 -15539 -2563 -18103 -17915 -8.2132
187.7 -17332 -4440 -21772 -21584 -4.2408
187.7 -17943 -5127 -23070 -22882 0.0000

Forta normala din biela


40000

30000

20000

10000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720

-10000

-20000

-30000 α[RAC]

N[N] B[N]

Momentul motor la monocilindru


600

400
m]

200
Momentul motor la monocilindru
600

400

M[N*m]
200

0 M
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720 [N*m]

-200

-400

α[RAC]
-600
β [grade] ωb [rad/s] εb [m/s^2]
0.0000 169.05 0
4.2408 163.74 -23808
8.2132 147.92 -46401
11.6557 122.05 -66882
14.3258 87.24 -84003
16.0204 45.52 -95771
16.6015 0.00 -100020
16.0204 -45.52 -95771
14.3258 -87.24 -84003
11.6557 -122.05 -66882
8.2132 -147.92 -46401
4.2408 -163.74 -23808
0.0000 -169.05 0
-4.2408 -163.74 23808
-8.2132 -147.92 46401
-11.6557 -122.05 66882 Spatiul unghiular a
-14.3258 -87.24 84003 20.0000
-16.0204 -45.52 95771 15.0000
β [grade]

10.0000

5.0000

0.0000
Spatiul unghiular a
20.0000

15.0000

β [grade]
-16.6015 0.00 100020
10.0000
-16.0204 45.52 95771
-14.3258 87.24 84003 5.0000
-11.6557 122.05 66882 0.0000
-8.2132 147.92 46401 0 90 180
-5.0000
-4.2408 163.74 23808
0.0000 169.05 0 -10.0000
4.2408
-15.0000
8.2132 α [grade]
11.6557 -20.0000
14.3258
16.0204
16.6015
16.0204
14.3258 sdasfas Viteza unghiulara a
11.6557 200.00
8.2132

ωb [rad/s]
150.00
4.2408
0.0000 100.00
-4.2408 50.00
-8.2132
0.00
-11.6557 0 90 180
-14.3258 -50.00
-16.0204 -100.00
-16.6015
-150.00
-16.0204 α [grade]
-14.3258 -200.00
-11.6557
-8.2132
-4.2408
0.0000

Acceleratia unghiulara a bielei


150000
Ɛb [m/s^2]

100000

50000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450
-50000

-100000
α [grade]
-150000
-100000
α [grade]
-150000

N [N] B [N] Z [N] T [N] M [N*m]


0 -22882 -22882 0 0
-1628 -22019 -20790 -7256 -312
-2640 -18480 -14520 -11431 -492
-2656 -13146 -7226 -10982 -472
-1684 -6808 -1839 -6554 -282 Forta de inertie
-113 -408 7 -408 -18
1473 5154 -1473 4939 212
30000
2554 9256 -4770 7932 341

Fj FjI FjII [N]


2898 11711 -8183 8378 360
2579 12763 -10662 7016 302 20000
1846 12921 -11998 4796 206
942 12739 -12515 2378 102
10000
0 12629 -12629 0 0
-943 12749 -12525 -2380 -102
-1852 12963 -12037 -4811 -207 0
0 90 180 2
-2599 12867 -10749 -7072 -304
-2948 11916 -8326 -8525 -367 -10000
-2656 9623 -4959 -8246 -355
-1651 5779 -1651 -5538 -238
-20000
-176 639 -11 -639 -27
1249 -5047 -1364 4859 209
2044 -10116 -5560 8451 363 -30000
1881 -13165 -10344 8144 350
979 -13239 -12499 4363 188
0 -12275 -12275 0 0
2143 28975 27356 9548 411
1943 13599 10685 8412 362
1321 6537 3593 5461 235
Diagram
1491 6026 1628 5802 249
2372 8594 -153 8592 369 60000
3399 11895 -3399 11399 490 50000
Fp, Fj, F [N]

4028 14595 -7521 12508 538 40000


3997 16153 -11286 11555 497
30000
3359 16625 -13888 9138 393
2346 16421 -15248 6095 262 20000
1186 16041 -15759 2995 129 10000
0 15868 -15868 0 0 0
-970 13116 -12885 -2448 -105 0 90
-10000
-1900 13300 -12350 -4936 -212
-20000
-2656 13146 -10982 -7226 -311
-30000
0
0 90
-10000
-20000

-2994 12099 -8454 -8655 -372 -30000


-2662 9646 -4971 -8267 -355
-1584 5545 -1584 -5314 -229
5 -17 0 17 1
1589 -6420 -1735 6182 266
2579 -12763 -7016 10662 458
2586 -18101 -14222 11197 481
1600 -21643 -20434 7132 307
0 -22882 -22882 0 0

Forta din brat si tangentiala la aceasta


40000

30000

20000
Z , T[N]

10000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540

-10000

-20000

α[RAC]
-30000

Z[N] T[N]

ndru
ndru

540 630 720


M
[N*m]
5 4

V IV
patiul unghiular al bielei
patiul unghiular al bielei

90 180 270 360 450

α [grade]

Viteza unghiulara a bielei

90 180 270 360 450

α [grade]
Forta de inertie a maselor in miscare de translatie in functie de unghiul α

30000
Fj FjI FjII [N]

20000

10000
Fj
I
0 Fj
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720 II
Fj
-10000

-20000

α [grade]
-30000

Diagrama fortelor de presiune, de inertie si rezultanta lor


60000
50000
Fp, Fj, F [N]

40000
30000
20000 F
p
10000 Fj
0 F
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720 810
-10000
-20000
α [grade
-30000
0 F
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720 810
-10000
-20000
α [grade
-30000

aceasta

450 540 630 720


4 3 2 1

IV
V

II
III II
I

IV

II
III