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4.

0ANALYSIS

4.1 DETERMINANCY
From LinPro Software

30
0

10 12 12 12 10 10 10 12 12 12 10
50N 50N

Figure 4: The truss dimension (unit in cm)

Based on the Figure 4, the clear span is 122cm. The height of structure is 30cm. The 50 N loads
are placed at 15cm from center of the structure. Pined and Roller support at the end of the
structure. The determinacy of the structure is calculated:
m + r = 2j
m = 42
r =3
j = 22
42 + 3 = 2(22)
45 > 44 (Statically Indeterminate Structure to the 1st Degree, Stable)
Since the structure is statically indeterminate structure, the internal forces can be calculated using
the joint method, section method and alternative method.
4.2 REACTIONS

50N 50N 30
0

Ay 10 12 12 12 10 10 10 12 12 12 10 Ly
50N 50N
Figure 5: Reactions at support (unit in cm)

Figure 5 shows the reaction at support of this structure. Below is the calculation of the reactions:

∑ 𝑓𝑥 = 0
Ax = 0

∑ 𝑀𝐴 = 0
0 = 50 N (10+11.7+11.7+11.7) + 50(10+10+10+11.7+11.7+11.7+10)-Ly (120.2)
Ly = 50 N

∑ 𝑓𝑦 = 0
0 = – 50 N + 50 N + Ay + Ly
Ay = 50 N
4.3 INTERNAL FORCES

20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12
11 9 10 11
27 32
23 24 25 26 0 0 31 30 29 28 11
033 034 035 036 37 038
21 22 039 040 041 0
21
0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11
0 1 2Figure 6 : Internal
3 force 4of each member.
5 6 7

Figure 6 shows the internal forces of all members from the LinPro software. The red color
represents the tension forces while the blue color represents the compression forces. Table below
are internal forces of each member.

Member Forces (N) Member Forces (N) Member Forces (N)


0 16.67 14 -76.64 28 53.77
1 16.68 15 -76.65 29 -53.80
2 56.66 16 -76.67 30 53.74
3 56.68 17 -76.65 31 0
4 76.67 18 -76.64 32 0
5 76.66 19 -36.67 33 0
6 76.67 20 -36.65 34 0
7 56.68 21 -52.67 35 0
8 56.66 22 0 36 0
9 16.68 23 53.77 37 0
10 16.67 24 -53.80 38 0
11 -52.67 25 53.74 39 0
12 -36.65 26 0 40 0
13 -36.67 27 0 41 0
4.4 DEFLECTION

Figure 7: Deflection.

Figure 7 show the deflection of the structure after 100N load is applied to this structure. The
maximum deflection of this structure when 100 N applied is 0.038272 cm given that the modulus
of satay stick is 16170 N/mm2 and the area for each member is 19.2 mm2. This result shows that
the structure did not fail after the load has been applied and this shows that the design of this
structure is suitable to this project.