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Becoming a professional

Becoming a professional Fuente: SENA Having an appropriate personal statement (PS) is essential when applying to

Fuente: SENA

Having an appropriate personal statement (PS) is essential when applying to a university or a scholarship. It is the first impression you make in an application process, and it often determines who gets selected and who does not. In this unit we are going to learn how to design a successful PS. Also we are going to study some vocabulary related to professional skills and personality.

Introductory material
Introductory material

Dear learner,

This material will help you study the topics related to learning activity 4.

You will learn about:

1. Creating a personal statement. 2. Vocabulary: professional skills, adjectives related to character and personal qualities. 3. Vocabulary about higher education.

Let’s begin!

1. Creating a personal statement

A personal statement is a text that many institutions require in their application requisites for college admission, scholarships, or jobs. The objective of a PS is to offer a short introduction of yourself and to explain your professional or academic qualifications. Personal statements also describe your future goals and why you

are applying for the program or position. Your aim in a PS is to sell your profile to evaluators of your application, so in a sense, it is a type of marketing.

When writing a PS you should try to answer the following questions:

Who am I?

What program or position am I applying for?

Why am I a good fit for this program or position?

What are my future goals?

These are the main elements a personal statement should have, but there are also other considerations. Consider the fact that, as its name suggests, it is something personal, something each individual should create based on his/her interests, abilities and goals. Being honest and original is key.

Additionally, a PS depends on the type of program or position you are applying for. It is different to write a PS for admission to college than to write one for a professional opportunity. You must consider your audience and what they are interested in knowing about you. The information you include should be directed specifically at what is relevant for the position.

When you write your PS you need to talk about your professional skills, character and personal qualities. Here is a list of useful vocabulary about these themes.

2. Vocabulary: professional skills, adjectives related to character and personal qualities

I am adaptable. I can easily deal with new situations.
I am adaptable. I can
easily deal with new
situations.
I am resourceful. I try to find necessary information, tools, and resources to complete tasks and
I am resourceful. I try to find necessary information, tools, and resources to complete tasks and
I am resourceful. I try to find necessary information, tools, and resources to complete tasks and
I am resourceful. I try to
find necessary
information, tools, and
resources to complete
tasks and solve
problems.
I am innovative. I am good at coming up with new ideas.
I am innovative. I am
good at coming up with
new ideas.
I am resourceful. I try to find necessary information, tools, and resources to complete tasks and
I am a team player. I am good at collaborating with others to achieve a common
I am a team player. I am
good at collaborating with
others to achieve a
common goal.
I am hardworking. I have a lot of energy and can work all day. I am
I am hardworking. I have a lot of energy and can work all day.
I am hardworking. I
have a lot of energy and
can work all day.
I am hardworking. I have a lot of energy and can work all day. I am
I am independent. I can work on my own without supervision.
I am independent. I can
work on my own without
supervision.
I am hardworking. I have a lot of energy and can work all day. I am
I am patient. I am always calm and take my time.
I am patient. I am always
calm and take my time.
I am organized. I find the correct place for everything and am good at keeping information
I am organized. I find the correct place for everything and am good at keeping information
I am organized. I find the
correct place for
everything and am good
at keeping information in
order.
I am organized. I find the correct place for everything and am good at keeping information
I am analytical. I have the ability to analyze everything in detail.
I am analytical. I have
the ability to analyze
everything in detail.

Fuente de imágenes: SENA

Some other words to describe personality and professional skills:

Punctual: Always on time. Very strict about time and appointments. Confident: Feeling and showing security about ones actions. Positive: Feeling optimistic about life and the future. Assertive: A person who is confident in his skills and actions but not aggressive. Demanding: Tough. Always requiring high standards. Polite: Kind, behaving with good manners in different situations. Passionate: Having intense feelings about doing something. Sociable: Able to talk to anybody and make friends easily. Considerate: Always thinking about others.

Perseverant: Determined to obtain something. Does not give up easily. Careful: Acting in a cautious way to avoid any trouble.

Here are some parts of a PS. Notice how the previous vocabulary is used.

  • I realized that I was a passionate student when I started my undergraduate career. I was always hungry to learn more about the topics we explored in class so I would often go beyond my regular classes and do extra reading and research in the library. Through this autonomous research, I discovered a particular interest in Educational psychology. Thus, I joined a research group at

the national institute of pedagogy.

I am a team player and always enjoy

working with different people and I have found that working as a researcher in a group allows me to pursue my endless curiosity and thrive in a collaborative environment.

  • I became interested in Psychology when I was in secondary school. Back in

those days, I had the opportunity to read a lot of literature about social

psychology and the way humans react to social interactions.

  • I decided to pursue a career as a psychologist after I met Doctor Green in a summer psychology course at Canton University. I knew it was going to be hard

as my family did not have the economic means to afford my tuition. However I am a perseverant person who works hard to achieve good results in life.

So,

I

looked for scholarships that would allow me

to

study.

After

a

long

application process, I was awarded a merit scholarship from the Ministry of

Education.

 

In terms of my future, I see myself teaching psychology and writing books about

current trends in education and the role of psychology. I would also like to found and institution to help homeless children. I am a considerate person, and I

hope that by getting a society.

Masters

degree, I

can give

something back to

When you describe yourself in a PS, try to give an example of a specific action or story that proves you have the characteristic you are mentioning. Look at these examples from the previous PS:

I

am a perseverant person who works hard to achieve good results in life.

Characteristic
Characteristic
Example
Example

So, I looked for scholarships that would allow me to study. After a long application process, I was awarded a merit scholarship from the Ministry of Education.

  • I realized that I was a passionate student when I started my undergraduate career.

Characteristic
Characteristic
Example
Example
  • I was always hungry to learn more about the topics we explored in class so I would often go beyond my regular classes and do extra reading and research in the

library.

  • I am a team player and always enjoy working with different people.

Characteristic
Characteristic
Example
Example
  • I have found that working as a researcher in a group allows me to endless curiosity and thrive in a collaborative environment.

pursue my

Use connectors:

Use connectors when writing your PS as they will help you link ideas and give coherence to your text. Look at these examples from the previous parts of a PS:

  • I knew it was going to be hard as my family did not have the means to afford my career. However I am a persevering person who never gives up his goals in life.

Through this autonomous research, I discovered a particular interest in Educational psychology. Thus, I joined a research group at the national institute of pedagogy.

Here is a list of connectors you can use:

Function

Example

Function

Example

Function

Example

 

Accordingly

 

Meanwhile

 

In the same

Result

Therefore

Time

First

Similarity

way

Hence

Afterwards

Similarly

Contrast

In contrast

Despite

Explanation

So

That

Adding

information

Additionally

Furthermore

However

To

Exemplification

For instance

Emphasis

As a matter of fact

Concession

Although

For example

Indeed

But

Steps to write a personal statement

Writing a PS can be a difficult task as most people find it difficult to talk about themselves. Here are some steps that will guide you in the process.

Brainstorm
Brainstorm

In order to begin writing your PS you need to gather some ideas. You can brainstorm them in a paper. Here are some questions you can ask yourself when brainstorming for your PS.

What skills and personal qualities do I want to show in my PS?

What experiences have been significant and relevant in my learning process?

What makes me want to enter this program?

What are my personal and professional goals for the future?

What have you found difficult in your career and how have you overcome it?

When and why did I become interested in this career?

Having brainstormed these ideas you already have a starting point for your PS. Now you need to sit down, get inspired and connect all these ideas so that they

make sense on paper. You can read examples of successful personal statements in your career to get more ideas before starting the writing process.

Organize
Organize

A personal statement does not have a specific order as it depends on the priorities you assign to your ideas and how you connect them on paper. However here are some parts a personal statement should have. This organizational scheme is not inflexible, but it can help you organize your PS.

Introduction: Here you should introduce yourself. You can explain what you are applying for and your motivation.

Work and study experience: In this section, you should include relevant experiences from work or study relevant to the field of your career.

Professional skills and personality: Explain the abilities you possess and complete them with punctual examples. You can describe your personal qualities and your professional skills.

Relevant extra information: Here you can register other experiences you consider relevant in your life. Also you can describe what is your life like apart from your career. Mention hobbies and free time activities. If possible try to link the experiences described here with your field of study.

Conclusion: Close your PS with a sentence that highlights you as a good candidate. Be brief as you have already described your profile in the previous paragraphs.

Making an outline can help you stick to your main points. Start with an outline that reflects the sections you want to include. It can look like this:

Paragraph one: My connection with the career. Motivation for course choice. Paragraph two: My academic background related to my career. Mention about my internship with the government. Paragraph three: Achievements and goals. Mention my research group and the award I won last year. Paragraph four: Conclusions reaffirming motivation.

Write
Write

Once you finish the outline you are ready to start writing. Sit down and start writing. Take your time and let your ideas flow through the paper. Remember to use a clear and concise language and vocabulary, so that the reader can easily understand it.

Edit
Edit

Once you have finished writing your PS don’t forget to:

Read it. Look for grammar, spelling or punctuation mistakes and correct them. Check that you answered all the questions you were supposed to for your PS. Ask somebody else to read it. If possible have a teacher or someone who knows about the field to read your PS and make suggestions and recommendations. Verify you have complied with the number of words required. In some cases a number of words is set for the institution you are writing to. Make sure you respect that number.

Example of a personal statement

Daniel is a-22-year old student at SENA. He studies computer network installation. He is about to finish his technical studies. Now he wants to apply for a scholarship at an international university to become a computer engineer. Here is his PS.

Since I was a young boy I have always had an unnatural curiosity for electronic devices and the way they work. I remember disassembling my toys just to find out what was inside and see how they worked. This interest never abandoned me. On the contrary it continued to grow and become stronger. In my school years I always obtained excellent grades in my information technology (IT) classes. In fifth grade, my IT teacher saw the passion I had for computers so he gave me an old computer as a present at the end of the year. I was really happy with it. I spent most of my free time in front of that computer disassembling it and learning how it worked. I still have it to this day.

Apart from computers, I also enjoy learning mathematics. I have always excelled in this area and have obtained excellent marks in my classes. Additionally, I have participated in many local and national mathematics contests obtaining several prizes and awards. These achievements gave me certain recognition among my teachers and classmates. I was asked to give math tutoring to a group of students from other grades. This experience awoke my passion for mathematics even more.

The passion I feel for computers and mathematics was the main reason I decided to pursue a career as a computer engineer. Mathematics is an excellent

complement to my knowledge in computers as most software and modern platforms are designed based on mathematical principles. Although my family did not have the income to afford a career at a private university in my country, I never gave up and tried to find a solution that fits my budget.

I decided to apply for a technical program at SENA and certify myself as a computer networks installation technician. Although the program is only one year, it has been an excellent way to start. My learning process here has exceeded my expectations. The instructors are well prepared and experienced in the field. My classmates are also great as most of them are already working in different areas related to computers and technology. Therefore, they share a lot of knowledge and experiences that motivate the whole group. Also, in the last three months of the program, we have the chance to do an internship in a local company where we can put all the concepts learned during the program into practice.

Currently, I am finishing my internship in a software solutions company that provides support and technical solutions to different educational platforms in my country. This short practicum has been quite enriching as I have experienced the real work of computer engineering as I provide support to our customers. A degree in engineering that will further challenge my knowledge and preparation to apply in practical situations seems to be the ideal step for me.

Finally, I am a creative person who is always trying to find a solution for everything. I could make a valuable contribution to the program as I have already put into practice the theory in the real world. I have always dreamed to study in The United States. I admire their organization and strength as a nation. Language will not be an obstacle since I have always studied English. While at SENA I took the English Dot Works program, which was an excellent way to learn and improve my language skills. Recently, I took the IELTS exam where I was placed in band 6, which is good enough to study at a university abroad. Studying abroad can also be a good opportunity to improve my communication skills while obtaining my degree in system engineering.

I hope my qualities, background, and achievements make me a good candidate for your university and help me fulfill my dream of becoming a professional. Thank you for considering my application.

3. Vocabulary about higher education

Rachel and Ken are talking about their plans after they finish school. Read the conversation.

Fuente: SENA Ken: So Rachel, are you still thinking about studying medicine? Rachel: I don’t know.

Fuente: SENA

Ken: So Rachel, are you still thinking about studying medicine?

Rachel: I don’t know. I really like it. But, the tuition fee is pretty high. Besides you have to study a lot and your free time reduces considerably. I don’t want to quit practicing tennis. My trainer says I could become a professional if I commit full time to it. What about you?

Ken: I am going to

apply for a scholarship in a university in France to study

architecture. If

everything goes

well

I

may

enroll next

summer. I

am

already

studying French. I have already written my research proposal and personal statement.

Rachel: Congratulations Ken, you seem quite convinced of your choice. How long does the program last?

Ken: Five years to complete all the classes and then one more year to finish your thesis.

Rachel: That is about 6 years all together! Won’t it be difficult for you to stay abroad that long?

Ken: Well, I have some relatives living in Paris. Besides the university campus offers great choices for entertainment such as gym, sport courts, a great library and other facilities. I don’t think it will be hard at all.

Rachel: Good for you Ken, you are a really ambitious guy.

Look at the definitions of the words in bold from the reading.

Tuition fee: The amount of money you pay when you register for an academic course or program.

Trainer: A person who guides you in a learning process. Usually related to sports.

Apply for: To do the process to enter a course or get a job.

Scholarship: Financial support given to outstanding students to take a study program.

Enroll: To officially enter or register in a program.

Research proposal: A paper that collects a person’s ideas for an investigation.

Classes: a situation when students meet with their teacher to be instructed.

Thesis: The ideas and conclusions drawn after a research project. Usually written for academic purposes.

Here is other vocabulary related to higher education.

Persons

Professor: A teacher who works at a university or college.
Professor: A teacher who works at a
university or college.

Researcher: A person who conducts an investigation for an academic or scientific purpose.

Researcher: A person who conducts an investigation for an academic or scientific purpose.

Doctor of philosophy (Ph.D):

A

Doctor of philosophy (Ph.D): A

person who has been given the

highest academic degree after some years of intense study and research.

Practitioner: A person, usually a student who is about to graduate, who starts his professional practices.

Practitioner: A person, usually a student who is about to graduate, who starts his professional practices.

Freshman: A student who starts his

Freshman: A student who starts his

first

year or semester of

classes. A

beginner student.

 
Undergraduate student: A student in a university or college who is studying to receive a degree.
Undergraduate student: A student in
a university or college who is studying
to receive a degree.

Fuente de imágenes: SENA

Degrees

Undergraduate student: A student in a university or college who is studying to receive a degree.

Fuente: SENA

Master of Arts (M.A.): A postgraduate degree in human or social sciences awarded by universities in many countries.

Master of Science (M.S.): A postgraduate degree in science, math or engineering awarded by universities in many countries.

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.): An undergraduate degree in human or social sciences awarded by universities in many countries.

Bachelor of Science (M.S.): An undergraduate degree in science, math or engineering awarded by universities in many countries.

Master of Business administration (M.B.A): A master degree in business administration awarded by universities in many countries.

Practitioner: A person who has been given the highest academic degree after some years of intense study and research.

Contextualization
Contextualization

Daniel is at an online interview for the computer engineering program. Read the interview.

Contextualization Daniel is at an online interview for the computer engineering program. Read the interview. Fuente:

Fuente: SENA

Interviewer: Good morning Daniel, thank you for connecting.

Daniel: Good morning Mrs. Baker and thanks for the opportunity?

Interviewer: We looked at your CV and read your personal statement. Now we would like to ask you some questions. Please tell me, why are you interested in our college? Daniel: Well I really like this university because it is one of the best in engineering around the world. I have studied your Computer Engineering program several times and the content really fits my expectations as the subjects included combine modern approaches to computer sciences with the elementary theories of the world of communications and computers. Besides my IT teacher from secondary

school studied at your university. He was an excellent teacher and one of the persons who awoke my interest in computers.

Interviewer: What relevant work experience has contributed to build your career?

Daniel: I am currently finishing my internship in a software solutions company dedicated to provide support to educational companies. This experience has brought me closer to interactive platforms that are constantly evolving and adapting to customers’ needs. From that I have learned that system engineering is a flexible profession full of changes and new challenges. This has given me many learning opportunities that contribute to consolidate and build new knowledge.

Interviewer: What do you see yourself doing in 10 years.

Daniel: I want to work in social programs to help my community, specially in terms of better education at schools. I am already involved in a charity program that offers computer training to low income students in my district. Therefore I teach them computing classes on weekends. I really hope to continue this trend and be able to found my own charity organization in a few years. I believe computers and technology can do a lot to improve education in the next few years.

Interviewer: Tell us what skills you think make you a good candidate for this study program?

Daniel: I think I am a considerate person. I have always liked to contribute to my community with my knowledge. I believe technology is the answer to most of the

world’s problems. It has an unlimited potential when used in favor of humanity.

Through technology we can develop new systems and ways of helping people in the world. So I conceive System engineering not only as a profession, but a tool to improve our world. Also I am a team player. I think this is a great quality for a system engineer as many projects are usually done in groups. Currently I am working in a small engineering project I have with some friends. We are designing a robot that can carry things and go upstairs and downstairs.

Interviewer: Tell me about…

Comprehension
Comprehension

A. Read the interview again. Choose the best answer:

1. According to Daniel, System engineering is a flexible career as

  • a. with the knowledge acquired you can work in other fields.

  • b. the university offers flexible schedules and opportunities to busy students.

  • c. it is constantly evolving and bringing new challenges.

  • 2. The program seems to fit Daniel’s expectations as

    • a. he was told it could be a good way to complement for his career.

    • b. the content of the course put together interesting elements of system engineering.

    • c. one of his former teachers thinks it is appropriate for him.

  • 3. In ten years Daniel sees himself

    • a. getting married and working for an international company abroad.

    • b. teaching system engineering for a university in his community.

    • c. working in social programs related to education.

  • 4. What skills make Daniel a good candidate for the program?

    • a. He has good empathy when working in groups and he is passionate about his career.

    • b. He is a team player and also a considerate person who likes to help his community.

    • c. He is very punctual. Also he is quite independent and can work without supervision.

  • 5. Daniel’s current group project is about a robot that can

    • a. perform computer training for low-income students in his district.

    • b. carry things and go up and downstairs by itself.

    • c. pick up the phone and take notes.

  • Practice 1
    Practice 1

    A. Mary is describing some of her coworkers. Go to the multimedia, listen to the descriptions and write the name of the person she describes in front of the corresponding characteristic. One example is done for you.

    Hardworking

    Ana

    Passionate

     

    Positive

     

    Punctual

     

    Sociable

     

    Organized

     

    Adaptable

     

    Team player

     

    Descriptions:

    • 0. I really like working with Ana. She is very responsible. She never leaves her office until all her duties are done. When there is a deadline we need to meet, she comes to work on Saturdays.

    • 1. As a matter of fact, the person who always arrives first to the office is Andrew. That’s why he holds the keys to the main door. I remember him many times being sick and still coming on time.

    • 2. John is like everyone’s dad in the office. Whenever we work in groups he makes sure everybody knows what to do. He is always there making the group work properly.

    • 3. Mark is obsessed with categorizing everything. He always finds a place and a category for documents and objects in the office. His office is always clean and neat.

    • 4. Nicole is the manager. Whenever you ask her “how are you?” She will reply “excellent!” No matter what is going on in the office that day. And let tell you, she has to deal with a lot of issues every day.

    • 5. Richard was moved to the customer service department. Although he did not know much about it, and there were many different things, he learned fast and is doing well now.

    • 6. Jane knows everybody in the office. She is quite friendly and always participates in all type of activities organized in the company. She enjoys being with others and her company is very interesting.

    • 7. Although I find my job rather hard and stressful, I really love what I do. I can spend all day solving problems and talking to angry customers all the time. That’s what my profession is about anyway.

    B. Here are some excerpts from a personal statement. paragraph they belong to.

    Match them with the

    I

    am very demanding with myself and

       

    like to do my work in the best possible

    way. So I always devote extra time to

     

    make sure things are perfect. I am also

    1. Conclusion

    quite punctual as I value other’s time

    and effort to meet me. So I attempt to arrive 15 minutes earlier to any appointment I make.

     

    I

    would appreciate the opportunity to

       

    study economics. I think I have a lot to offer to the university through bringing a keen and dedicated academic mind to it. I hope to enter an institution that can foster and develop my interests and curiosity in these subjects.

    2. Introduction

    I

    am

    currently

    doing

    an online

       

    computer training program. Besides I work in the afternoon as a junior editor

    for a local newspaper where I provide

    3. Relevant extra information

    technical support to the team journalists.

    of

    My studies aside I like to read books about European societies and the way

       
     

    they

    have

    managed

    to

    build

    stable

    4. Professional skills and

    economies that can

    stand

    for

    personality

    centuries. I

    think we

    have

    much to

     

    learn from their economic habits and

     

    social organization.

     

    I

    have always had

    a great

    interest in

       

    economics because of

    the

    impact it

    has in our life and the way society works. Therefore I started to pay attention to finance and international markets since I was little.

    5. Work and study experience

    C. Fill in the blank with the appropriate connector in each case. One example is done for you.

    Additionally

    Although

     

    Hence

    Afterwards

     

    Despite

    However

    For example

    Example:

    • I took a course in physics and biology before entering college. Additionally I attended a seminar about statistics applied to investigation in biomedical science.

    • 1. I took a course in physics and biology before entering college. Additionally I attended a seminar about statistics applied to investigation in biomedical science.

    • 2. I have always had a great interest in science and

    mathematics. _______

    it

    wasn’t until I finished school that I decided to pursue a career in these fields.

    • 3. my parents wanted me to be a pilot I decided to become a plastic

    _______

    surgeon.

    • 4. As a child I learned to play the piano quickly and was able to interpret a song by the age of

    five.

    _________,

    conservatory to study music.

    my parents sent me to the national

    • 5. My parents made a great effort and paid for my career

    the lack of

    economic resources in my family.

    • 6. I always get involved in projects to help my

    I give

    free guitar lessons to poor kids in the local church every Sunday.

    • 7. The first time I helped my dad to repair a car I felt in love my mechanics. _________

    I started to help him every afternoon after school.

    D. Match the personal characteristics in the sentences from

    the

    left

    with

    the

    appropriate example from the right. One example is done for you.

       
    • 1. always sees the bright

    who

    side

    in

    • I am a hardworking person

    3

    everything.

       
    • 2. always thinks about his family

    who

    • I am a punctual person

    first.

    • I am a considerate person

     
    • 3. who always finds something to do in the office.

    Amanda seems to be very positive person

    a

     
    • 4. who can come up with a solution in a second.

    a team

     
    • 5. who

    can

    wait

    for

    results

    without

    I consider myself player

     

    getting desperate.

     

    I am a creative person

       
    • 6. who always meets deadlines.

     

    She

    is

    a

    very

    patient

     
    • 7. who can work properly with different

    person

    groups of people.

    Practice 2
    Practice 2

    A. Read four people talking about their professional skills and personalities. Then complete the task that follows.

    Amanda seems to be very positive person a 4. who can come up with a solution

    Fuente: SENA

    Amanda: I am a psychologist. I work for a big software company that produces and sells computer parts. I work in the human resources department. I am in charge of selecting and training new staff in some areas. My friends say I am very sociable and talkative. I am also a positive person. You will always see a smile in my face, even if I am tired or I am having problems. This is why people

    say I am a people-person Resources.

    and

    why

    I

    think

    I

    am

    good

    at working in Human

    However, I do have a hard time being punctual. I find it difficult to arrive on time in the morning. I blame the traffic in my city for that…Although my comfortable bed is responsible, too. There are other challenges like the hard days at work when I have to interview and select new staff. Sometimes I interview really good candidates that I have to turn down because there is only one position available. Despite that it is sometimes difficult, I do enjoy my profession because its very rewarding.

    Emily: I am a senior architect at a construction office. I have five architects working on my team. Right now we are designing the parking area for a new shopping center that will have 300 stores. It will be the biggest shopping center in town. I am a hardworking person who is demanding with his team. I always want things to be perfect. If I don’t like something, I ask them to do it again, no matter if we have to stay extra hours in the office. Unfortunately I am very impatient. I always want excellent results fast. I hope people understand that these characteristics, while sometime difficult to deal with, are important for the quality of our projects.

    Joan: I work at the airport counter. I attend passengers and help them check in for flight and check their luggage. I think I am a hardworking person. In general, I don’t mind working long hours at my job as long as I like what I am doing. But the problem with this job is that I am not passionate or motivated about what I do. The work is very monotonous. I check about 100 passengers in a normal day. The procedure is the same with everybody, so I end up feeling bored. Maybe I should consider a new perspective for my career.

    Steve: I work in a software design firm. I am a very creative designer. I like to mix colors and shapes into new designs. I think design can change the way people think and behave. I love my job. My boss is very polite and friendly. He likes my job and says I have a big potential in the company. I don’t have many friends at my office. I am very an independent professional and prefer to work alone. I can do things on my own. Also I am very organized. I can’t concentrate if things are not in the right place.

    Cross out the skills each person describes.

     

    Creative

    Demanding

    Hardworking

    Independent

    Inpatient

    Lack of

    passion

    Organized

    Positive

    Sociable

    Unpunctual

    Amanda

                       

    Emily

                       

    Joan

                       

    Steve

                       

    B. Read again. Choose the best answer:

    • 1. Amanda is not punctual because

      • a. she oversleeps in the mornings.

      • b. she usually goes to sleep late.

      • c. she does not have a car.

  • 2. Amanda’s job can be difficult when she

    • a. has to talk to people.

    • b. has to work long hours.

    • c. trains new staff.

  • 3. Emily’s team is designing

    • a. a new shopping centre.

    • b. a huge parking lot.

    • c. 300 stores.

  • 4. When Emily does not like something she

    • a. feels impatient but does not say anything.

    • b. asks her team to repeat the job.

    • c. changes her team.

    • a. he has to work long hours.

    • b. he does the same think over and over again.

    • c. passengers are monotonous.

    6. Steve finds it difficult to concentrate when

    • a. he has to work with other people.

    • b. his boss disapproves his work.

    • c. things are messy.

    C. Jane is calling a university to obtain some information about the admissions process. Complete the conversation with the words from the box.

    Research proposal Scholarship Apply Tuition fee Personal statement Admissions
    Research proposal
    Scholarship
    Apply
    Tuition fee
    Personal statement
    Admissions

    Fuente: SENA

    Secretary:

    _________

    office how can I help you?

    Jane: Good morning. My name is Jane. I am calling because I would like some

    information about the

    offered by the Arts department. Could you

    __________ please tell me what the requirements are to apply for it?

    S: Of course. The call for applications is currently open. There are several

    requirements. You need to submit your resume,

    copy of your

    ______________, diploma and two academic letters of recommendation. Additionally a language certificate is required.

    J: Regarding the language certificated, I am taking an English course that has not finished yet. I am currently doing level 8 which is the equivalent to an advanced level. I will not take official examination until next summer. Will that be an obstacle to apply for the scholarship?

    S: In that case you can enclose a certificated issued by the institute stating the number of hours taken plus the language level reached. If the evaluation committee considers it necessary, you will be required to take a language test at the university. J: Great. Another thing I would like to clarify is, do I need to include a ____________?

    S: Not necessarily as the program is not focused on research at the beginning. However many applicants choose to include one as they are already working on investigation projects related to their careers. Although this is not a requirement, it can turn into a good plus for your application.

    J:

    Ok. Thank

    you.

    I’ll

    include mine

    then. Where do I have to send the

    documents?

     

    S: You can

    online. Just go to our website and select “new applications”.

    J: One last question. In case my application is not accepted, how much is the ___________?

    S: 6000 USD per year for local students and 7500USD per year for foreign students.

    J: Thanks a lot for the information.

    S: Good luck with your application.

    D. Read the text below. Decide which title belongs to each paragraph.

    How to choose a sucessful career

    Please

    select

    the

    following

    link

    http://www.kent.ac.uk/careers/Choosing/choosingintro.htm in order to help you in the exercise. Look the graphic called “First let's look at what factors go into choosing a career”.

    After finishing school, a lot of people find it hard to define a career path that satisfies all the expectations you hold about the professional world. Aspects such as security, economic reward, growth, passion and work-life balance among others, are definitive when defining the type of professional life you want to pursue. In addition to these factors, the range of careers and professions to choose from can be overwhelming. Here are some steps you can follow to succeed in this task:

    D. Read the text below. Decide which title belongs to each paragraph. How to choose ahttp://www.kent.ac.uk/careers/Choosing/choosingintro.htm in order to help you in the exercise. Look the graphic called “First let's look at what factors go into ch oosing a career” . After finishing school, a lot of people find it hard to define a career path that satisfies all the expectations you hold about the professional world. Aspects such as security, economic reward, growth, passion and work-life balance among others, are definitive when defining the type of professional life you want to pursue. In addition to these factors, the range of careers and professions to choose from can be overwhelming. Here are some steps you can follow to succeed in this task: Fuente: SENA 1. ____________________. Defining your career is something quite important for a person and cannot be done with haste. Take as long as you need to define your career. Some people decide to take some time off to be able to analyze all their options in detail and make the right choice. " id="pdf-obj-26-26" src="pdf-obj-26-26.jpg">

    Fuente: SENA

    1. ____________________.

    Defining your career is something quite important

    for a person and cannot be done with haste. Take as long as you need to define your career. Some people decide to take some time off to be able to analyze all their options in detail and make the right choice.

    2. ____________________.

    The first thing you have to do is to explore

    yourself. Think about your skills, personality, interests, things you are good at, type of environments you feel comfortable with, etc. Defining these aspects will make the task easier as this will help you see which jobs would fit with your personality and interests. You can organize this information in a chart. Also you can keep a record of possible professions you may be interested in and see all this information in perspective.

    3. ____________________.

    You already created a list of possible professions

    you can perform. Now you can enrich your list with as many options to

    consider as possible. You can consult a career counselor who will help you define which profession is appropriate for you. There are also many career tests online that will analyze information provided by you and will give you possible career options.

    4. ____________________.

    See what it would be like for you to work in that

    profession. If possible talk to people who have experience working in that field. This is a rich source of information as they can tell you real experiences and detailed information you can use in your selection process.

    We hope these tips can help you when making this important decision. Remember, there is not a perfect profession and there are always pros and cons to consider. Whatever your decision is, try to be happy with your choice and become an excellent professional.

    2. ____________________. The first thing you have to do is to explore yourself. Think about your

    Fuente: SENA

    Title Paragraph Complement your list Get to know you Think about each possibility Do not hurry
    Title
    Paragraph
    Complement your list
    Get to know you
    Think about each possibility
    Do not hurry
    E. Read the text again. Choose true or false.
    True
    False
    1.
    The number of
    steps you
    have
    to
    follow to
    choose a
    successful career is overwhelming.
    2.
    Taking a year off to select your career is not a good idea.
    3.
    You should list careers that are compatible with your skills
    and personality.
    4.
    Consult a career counsellor to expand your list of possible
    options.
    5.
    You should talk to people who are studying the careers you
    are interested in.
    6.
    Choosing a successful career is a short difficult task.
    Pronunciation practice
    Pronunciation practice

    Note: This practice must be completed using the multimedia version of the study material. There you will find the corresponding sound files.

    A. Homographs are groups (usually pairs) of words that are spelled the same but pronounced differently. Go to the multimedia, listen to the following words and choose the correct word class for each item based on its stress pattern.

    1.

       
    1. Noun or adjective Verb 2. Noun or adjective Verb 3. Noun or adjective Verb 4.

    Noun or

     

    adjective

    Verb

    2.

       
    1. Noun or adjective Verb 2. Noun or adjective Verb 3. Noun or adjective Verb 4.

    Noun or

     

    adjective

    Verb

    3.

       
    1. Noun or adjective Verb 2. Noun or adjective Verb 3. Noun or adjective Verb 4.

    Noun or

     

    adjective

    Verb

    4.

       
    1. Noun or adjective Verb 2. Noun or adjective Verb 3. Noun or adjective Verb 4.

    Noun or

     

    adjective

    Verb

    5.

     
    Noun or adjective Verb

    Noun or

     

    adjective

    Verb

    Now, listen to the pairs of homograph words again and check their pronunciation and stress. Then, practice recording them.

     

    Contest

    a.

    ˈkɑn.test

    kən.ˈtest

    (Noun)

    (Verb)

     

    Compound

    b.

    ˈkɑm.paʊnd

    kəm.ˈpaʊnd

    (Noun)

    (Verb)

       

    Incline

    c.

    ˈɪn.klaɪn

    ɪnˈklaɪn

    (Noun)

    (Verb)

     

    Refund

    d.

    ˈri.fʌnd

    ri.ˈfʌnd

    (Noun)

    (Verb)

     

    Transport

    e.

    ˈtræns·pɔrt

    trænsˈpɔrt

    (Noun)

    (Verb)

    • B. Read the following sentences. Write the correct spelling for the word that has been transcribed.

     

    Sentence

     

    Words

    An əˈ.dæp.tə.bəl person can easily deal with new situations.

     

    When someone is rɪ.ˈzɔrs.fəl , he/she will always try to find the necessary information, tools, and resources to complete tasks and solve problems.

     

    I am hɑrdˈwɜr·kɪŋ I have a lot of energy and can work all day.

     

    She’s very ˌæn.əˈlɪ..ɪ.kəl. She has the ability to analyze everything in detail.

     

    Jane is very ˈɔr.ɡəˌnɑɪzd. She finds the correct

     

    place for everything and she’s good at keeping

    information in order.

     

    ˌɪn·dɪˈpen·dənt

    people

    can

    work

    on

    their

    own

     

    without supervision.

     

    Now, go to the multimedia, listen to the sentences and check the stress and intonation patterns used. Then, practice pronouncing them.

    An adaptable person can easily deal with new situations.

    An adaptable person can easily deal with new situations.

    When someone is resourceful, he/she will always try to find the necessary information, tools, and resources to complete tasks and solve problems.

    When someone is resourceful, he/she will always try to find the necessary information, tools, and resources

    I am hardworking. I have a lot of energy and can work all day.

    I am hardworking. I have a lot of energy and can work all day.

    She’s very analytical. She has the ability to analyze everything in

     

    detail.

    detail.

    Jane is very organized. She finds the correct place for everything and

    she’s good at keeping information in order.

    she’s good at keeping information in order.

    Independent people can work on their own without supervision.

    Independent people can work on their own without supervision.
    • C. Go to the multimedia, listen to each of the following words. Then, select the word with the different stress pattern.

    Have a look of the following example:

    Deadline

    Deadline Impact Beyond

    Impact

    Deadline Impact Beyond
    Beyond
    Beyond
    Beyond
     

    Afford

    Afford Comply Treasure

    Comply

    Afford Comply Treasure

    Treasure

    Treasure
     

    Committed

    Committed Knowledge Employment

    Knowledge

    Committed Knowledge Employment

    Employment

    Committed Knowledge Employment
     

    Outstanding

    Outstanding Scholarship Internship

    Scholarship

    Scholarship

    Internship

    Outstanding Scholarship Internship
     

    Pursue

    Pursue Amount Strength

    Amount

    Pursue Amount Strength

    Strength

    Pursue Amount Strength
     

    Lack

    Lack Device Tough

    Device

    Lack Device Tough

    Tough

    Lack Device Tough

    Document control

     

    Name

    Position

    Dependence

    Date

       

    Theme expert

    Dirección de

     

    Asesor English

    formación

    Author

    Juan Carlos

    Solano

    Dot Works - Programa de

    profesional.

    Dirección

    December

    2014

    bilingüismo

    General

     

    Paola Andrea

    Copy editor -

    Centro

     

    Bobadilla

    Gutiérrez

    Línea de producción

    Agroindustrial. Regional Quindío

    December

    2015

    Adaptation

    Rachman Bustillo

    Copy editor -

    Centro

    December

    Martínez

    Línea de producción

    Agroindustrial. Regional Quindío

    2015