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Design, Procurement and Construction of 84 MW Sheet No.

Gorkin-Matiltan Hydropower Project Designed AuH


Doc. No. GMHP-BK-C-PS-CA-003 R 00 Checked MHF

Component Penstock Date 21-Mar-18


Description Penstock Anchor Block and Thrust Block Design - AB-1

Data Input:
Anchor Block or Thrust Block Type (AB, TB) AB
Anchor Block or Thrust Block Number 1
Inside dia. of Penstock Pipe D1 3.25 m
Thickness of the pipe t 14 mm
Outside dia of penstock pipe D2 3.278 m
Normal operating level in the Surge Tank ZNormal 2296 m (amsl)
Maximum surge level in the Surge Tank ZMax.Surge 2325 m (amsl)
Level at centre of the penstock at downstream end of A.Block ZA.Block 2215.399 m (amsl)
Design Head at the centre of the Anchor Block - Normal Condition HD-Normal 80.6 m
Design Head at the centre of the Anchor Block - Emergency condition HD-Emergency 109.6 m
Design Discharge for power Generation Q= 42 m3/s
Upper Pipe length -Supported by Anchor Block L1 15 m
Upper Pipe length -Supported by Anchor Block L2 15 m
horizental angle of upper pipe α1 = 0 deg
horizental angle of lower pipe with upper pipe α2 = 45 deg
Unit weight of Steel g Steel 77.5 kN/m
3

Unit weigh of water g Water 9.81 kN/m3


Unit weight of concrete g Concrete 24 kN/m3
Height of soil over penstock (cover over the Penstock) Scover 1.5 m
Unit weight of the backfill soil (cover over the Penstock) g Soil 19 kN/m3
Friction coefficient between concrete and foundation soil mConc-soil 0.6
Weight of Pipe per unite length WPipe 11.13 kN/m
Weight of water contained in pipe per unit length WWater 81.38 kN/m
wieght of soil over penstock WSoil 93.42 KN/m
Velocity of water in the pipe Velocity 5.06 m/s
Sectional internal area of the pipe APipe 8.30 m2
Allowable Bearing Capacity of of the foundation soil - in Normal Conditions q allowable 215 kN/m2
( Ref: GMHP-BK-C-GE-Gr-004 Geotechnical Design Report )
2
Ultimate Bearing Capacity of the foundation soil - in Emergency Conditions q Ultimate 430 kN/m
Weight of Soil over the Upper Pipe to be included in the Analysis No
Weight of Soil over the Lower Pipe to be included in the Analysis Yes

Sheet No.: 34
Forces Acting on the Anchor Block:
1) Weight of Pipe shell per meter
Wst1 = Wst2 = π*D*t*γs 11.13 kN/m
2) Weight of water in pipe per meter
2
WW1 = WW2 = (π*D /4)*γs 81.38 kN/m

3) Weight of Soil Cover over pipe

Weight of soil over upper pipe per meter 0.0 kN/m


Weight of soil over lower pipe per meter 93.4 kN/m

4) Vertical Downward Thrust due to weight of pipe , water and soil cover-Stabilising Forces
a) for Upper pipe
WUpper = (WS1+WW1)x l1 1387.6 kN
b) for lower pipe
WLower = (WS2+WW2)x l2 2789.0 kN

5) Weight of Soil Over Foundation


WSF 2758.8

6) Resultant force of water pressure acting at the bending point of pipe

Normal condition
Horizental Component P1A1Cosα1 - P2A2Cosα2 - rQ(V2Cosα2-V1Cosα1) Fx 1983.5 kN
Vertical Component P2A2Sinα2 -P1A1Sinα1-rQ(V1sinα1-V2sinα2) FZ 4788.6 kN
Resultant Force R 5183.1 kN
Angle with x Axis Ø 67.5 Deg

Emergency/ Sudden ShutDown Condition


Horizental Component P1A1Cosα1 - P2A2Cosα2 - rQ(V2Cosα2-V1Cosα1) Fx 2674.7 kN
Vertical Component P2A2Sinα2 -P1A1Sinα1-rQ(V1sinα1-V2sinα2) FZ 6457.4 kN
Sheet No.: 35
Resultant Force R 6989.4 kN
Angle with x Axis Ø 67.5 Deg
Anchor Block Shape:
No. of Segments/Steps in the Anchor Block 3.00
Anchor Block Upstream End Height Hups 5.50 m
Anchor Block Downstream End Height Hdwn 5.50 m
Width of Step -1 B1 1.70 m
Width of Step - 2 B2 2.00 m
Width of Step - 3 B3 2.50 m
Width of Step - 4 B4 0.00 m
Width of Step - 5 B5 0.00 m
Height of Step - I H1 1.00 m
Height of Step -2 H2 1.30 m
Height of Step -3 H3 0.00 m
Height of Step -4 H4 0.00 m
Length of the Anchor Block LA 6.20 m
Width of the block WA 5.00 m
Length of Foundaion LF 8 m
Width of Foundation WF 7 m
Height of foundation (typical) HF 0.80 m

Total Length of the A.Block HT 6.613 m


Average Height of the block Havg 5.50 m
3
Total volume VT 170.50 m

Deduct pipe volume


Pipe length in the block PL 6.613 m
Pipe Area (using External Dia) PA 8.44 m2
Pipe volume PV 55.808 m3
Total Anchor Block Volume Vnet 114.69 m3

STABILITY ANALYSIS:

Sheet No.: 36
Normal Conditions:
Force and Moment calculation of dead load of the Block
Volume Weight Lever Arm about Moment,kN-mabout
segment
m3 kN TOE CENTRE TOE CENTRE
1 28.1 675.5 6.35 -2.25 4290 -1520
2 36.4 873.5 4.5 -0.4 3931 -349
3 50.15 1203.5 2.25 1.85 2708 2227
4 0.00 0.0 0.00 0.00 0 0
5 0.00 0.0 0 0 0 0
Foundation 45.9 1102.1 4.1 0 4519 0
WSF1 145.2 2758.80 4.1 0 11311 0
Total 305.8 6613 26758 357

Force due to Pipe Shell, Weight of Water and weight of soil cover
segment Foundation Load, kN Lever Arm about Moment, kN-m (about)
TOE CENTRE TOE CENTRE
Vertical

Upper Pipe 1388 8.20 -4.10 11378.4 -5689.20


Lower Pipe 2789 0.00 4.10 0.0 11434.71
In Block 612 4.10 0.00 2508.1 0
Total 4788 13887 5745.51

Forces due to Water in the Bend


Normal Condition:
Foundation Load, kN Lever Arm about Toe Moment, kN-m
Load Type
Horizental Vertical Hor. Vertical Hor. Vertical
Water. Pre Resultant at Bend 1983.5 4788.6 3.550 4.10 7041.4 19633.16
Total 1983.5 4788.6 7041.4 19633.2

Emergency/ Sudden ShutDown Condition :


Foundation Load, kN Lever Arm about Toe Moment, kN-m
Load Type
Horizental Vertical Hor. Vertical Hor. Vertical
Water. Pre Resultant at Bend 2674.7 6457.4 3.550 4.10 9495.3 26475.31
Total 2674.7 6457.4 9495.3 26475.3

A. Sliding Check:
1- Normal Conditions
Total Sliding Forces Fsliding 1983 kN
Sheet No.: 37
Total Resistance Forces Fresisting Vertical x m Fresisting 3968 kN

Factor of Safety 2.00 >1.5, OK

2-Emergency/ Sudden ShutDown Condition


Total Sliding Forces Fsliding 2675 kN
Total Resistance Forces Fresisting Vertical x m Fresisting 2967 kN

Factor of Safety 1.11 >1.1, OK

B. Safety Against Overturning


1- Normal Conditions
Total overturning bending moment MOverturning 26675 kN
Total Resisting Bending Moment MResisting 40645 kN

Factor of Safety 1.52 >1.5, OK


Location of the Resultant B/6 (m) = 1.37 e (m) 0.14 e<B/6, OK

2- Emergency/ Sudden ShutDown Condition


Total overturning bending moment MOverturning 35971 kN
Total Resisting Bending Moment MResisting 40645 kN

Factor of Safety 1.13 >1.1, OK


Location of the Resultant B/4 (m) = 1.550 e (m) 0.69 e<B/4, OK

C. Check Against Bearing Capacity

a. Anchor Block
Area of the Anchor Block Foundation A 57.4 m2
Section Modulus of the Anchor Block Foundation S 78.4 m3

1- Normal Conditions
Total moment at centre of the foundation M 7399 kN-m
Total vertical load at centre of the foundation V 2437 kN

2
Bearing Pressure at TOE of the Anchor Block Pr-TOE 136.8 kN/m
Bearing Pressure at HEEL of the Anchor Block Pr-HEEL -51.9 kN/m2
OK <B.C
Sheet No.: 38
Bearing Pressure- Rectangular P-Rec 44.0 kN/m2
Allowable Bearing Capacity 215 kN/m2
Ratio of allowable B.Capacity to Applied B. pressure B.C/B.p 1.57

2- Emergency/ Sudden ShutDown Condition


Total moment at centre of the foundation M 9852 kN
Total vertical load at centre of the foundation V 768 kN

Bearing Pressure at TOE of the Anchor Block Pr-TOE 139.0 kN/m2


Bearing Pressure at HEEL of the Anchor Block Pr-HEEL -112.2 kN/m2
OK <B.C
2
Bearing Pressure- Rectangular P-Rec 13.9 kN/m
Allowable Bearing Capacity 430 kN/m2
Ratio of allowable B.Capacity to Applied B. pressure B.C/B.p 3.09

b. Supported pipe
2
Bearing Area under Supported pipe 49.2 m

Total Vertical Load at the base of upper pipe 1387.6 kN


Total Vertical Load at the base of lower pipe 2789.0 kN
2
Bearing Pressure - Upper Pipe 28.2 kN/m
Bearing Pressure - Lower Pipe 56.7 kN/m2
Allowable Bearing Capacity 215.0
Ratio of allowable B.Capacity to Applied B. pressure B.C/B.p 3.79
OK

Sheet No.: 39