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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

REPORT
OF
 

FOR
MANUFACTURING OF ORGANIC
PHARMACEUTICALS
EXPANSION PROJECT

Plot No: 41/B-5, B-6 GIDC Estate,


Behind Ashok organic, Nandesari,
Dist. Vadodara, Gujarat-392140
PROPOSAL NO: SIA/GJ/IND2/18433/2017
PREPARED BY

M/s. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PRIVATE LIMITED

Shed No. K-1, 7705/2,3,4 GIDC ESTATE,


Ankleshwar - 393002
Phone: (02646)220293; Fax: (02646)239454
Website:www.jyotiom.com
Email: info@jyotiom.com
EIA REPORT OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD, GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA, GUJARAT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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-- TABLE OF CONTENTS i - xi
CHAPTER -1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 PURPOSE OF THE REPORT 1.1
1.2 IDENTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT AND PROJECT 1.3
PROPONENT
1.2.1 PROJECT PROPONENT 1.3
1.3 KEY INFORMATION OF PROJECT 1.3
1.3.1 IMPORTANCE AND JUSTIFICATION OF PROJECT 1.3
1.3.2 NATURE OF THE PROJECT 1.3
1.3.3 SIZE AND COST OF THE PROJECT 1.4
1.3.4 SITE SELECTION 1.4
1.4 LOCATION OF THE PROJECT 1.5
1.5 REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 1.8
1.6 SCOPE & OBJECTIVE OF THE EIA STUDY 1.8
1.7 STRUCTURE OF EIA REPORT 1.9
1.8 TERMS OF REFERENCE AND ITS COMPLIANCE 1.10
CHAPTER - 2 PROJECT DESCRIPTION
2.1 TYPE OF PROJECT 2.1
2.2 NEED FOR THE PROJECT 2.1
2.3 PRODUCTS AND RAW MATERIAL DETAILS 2.1
2.3.1 DETAILS OF PRODUCT 2.1
2.3.2 DETAILS OF RAW MATERIALS 2.2
2.3.2.1 PRODUCT, RAW MATERIAL STORAGE AND HANDLING 2.5
2.3.3 TRANSPORTATION OF RAW MATERIALS AND FINISHED 2.6
PRODUCTS
2.4 PROCESS DESCRIPTION 2.7
2.5 RESOURCE REQUIREMENT 2.16
2.5.1 LAND 2.16
2.5.2 WATER 2.17
2.5.3 ENERGY REQUIREMENT 2.19
2.5.3.1 DETAILS OF ENERGY DISTRIBUTION/UTILIZATION 2.19
2.5.4 UTILITIES 2.20
2.5.5 MANPOWER 2.20
2.5.6 EQUIPMENTS/MACHINERIES 2.20
2.6 POLLUTION POTENTIAL SCENARIO 2.21
2.6.1 EFFLUENT AND SEWAGE GENERATION 2.21
2.6.2 GASEOUS EMISSION AND CONTROL 2.24
2.6.3 HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION 2.27
CHAPTER - 3 BASELINE ENVIRONMENT STATUS

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3.1 INTRODUCTION 3.1
3.2 WINDROSE 3.3
3.3 AIR ENVIRONMENT 3.6
3.3.1 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY (AAQ) 3.6
3.4 WATER ENVIRONMENT 3.10
3.5 NOISE ENVIRONMENT 3.15
3.6 SOIL ENVIRONMENT 3.17
3.7 LAND USE PATTERNS 3.19
3.7.1 GEOLOGY 3.22
3.7.2 SEISMICITY 3.22
3.8 BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT & SOCIO –ECONOMIC 3.24
ENVIRONMENT
3.8.1 ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION 3.24
3.8.2 FLORA 3.25
3.8.3 FAUNA 3.27
3.9 SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 3.29
3.9.1 DEMOGRAPHIC DATA WITHIN THE REGION OF 3.29
INTEREST
3.9.2 LITERACY RATE 3.30
3.9.3 OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE 3.32
CHAPTER - 4 IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS
4.1 IDENTIFICATION OF IMPACT 4.1
4.2 PREDICTION AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT 4.8
4.2.1 WATER ENVIRONMENT 4.8
4.2.2 AIR ENVIRONMENT 4.9
4.2.3 NOISE ENVIRONMENT 4.16
4.2.4 LAND ENVIRONMENT 4.16
4.2.5 ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT 4.18
4.2.6 INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES 4.19
4.2.7 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT 4.20
4.3 IMPACT MATRIX 4.22
CHAPTER - 5 ENVIRONMENT MONITORING PROGRAM
5.1 INTRODUCTION 5.1
5.2 OBJECTIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN 5.1
5.3 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE OF MONITORING 5.1
MEASURES
5.4 POLLUTION MONITORING AND SURVEILLANCE 5.2
SYSTEM
5.4.1 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING 5.3
5.4.2 STACK MONITORING 5.3
5.4.3 NOISE MONITORING 5.3
5.4.4 WATER AND WASTE WATER QUALITY MONITORING 5.3

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5.5 COST PROVISION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES 5.5
CHAPTER - 6 ADDITIONAL STUDIES
6.1 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 6.1
6.2 INTRODUCTION TO RISK ASSESSMENT 6.2
6.2.1 OBJECTIVES OF RISK ASSESSMENT 6.2
6.3 RISK ASSESSMENT 6.5
6.3.1 QUALITATIVE RISK ASSESSMENT 6.5
6.3.2 QUANTITATIVE RISK ASSESSMENT 6.11
6.4 COMMENTS / RECOMMENDATIONS BASED ON 6.25
CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS
6.5 OTHER SAFETY PRECAUTIONS / RECOMMENDATIONS 6.25
6.5.1 PROPOSED SAFETY DETAILS OR PROPOSED 6.25
SAFETY/CONTROL MEASURES TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE AND EXPLOSION
6.5.2 SAFEGUARDS TO REDUCE FUGITIVE EMISSIONS 6.27
6.5.3 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR FLAMMABLE SOLVENTS 6.28
6.5.4 FIRE CONTROL PLAN 6.28
6.5.5 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR AMMONIA 6.29
6.5.6 DO’S & DON’TS 6.29
6.5.7 ANTIDOTES DETAILS 6.31
6.5.8 WAYS TO MINIMIZE THE MANUAL HANDLING OF THE 6.31
HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS:
6.5.9 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR BARRELS/DRUM/CARBOY 6.32
STORAGE AREA
6.6 DISASTER PREPAREDNESS & EMERGENCY 6.32
MANAGEMENT PLAN
6.6.1 DEFINING THE NATURE/LEVEL OF EMERGENCY 6.33
6.6.2 OBJECTIVES OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 6.33
6.6.3 STRUCTURE OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 6.34
6.6.4 COMMMUNICATION SYSTEM 6.45
6.7 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY 6.47
6.7.1 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH 6.47
6.7.2 HOSPITAL FACILITIES/ FACTORY MEDICAL OFFICER & 6.47
OHC
6.7.3 AMBULANCE VAN & FIRST AID BOX 6.47
6.7.4 PERIODIC MEDICAL CHECKUP 6.47
6.7.5 DETAILS OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH IMPACTS AND 6.47
SAFETY MEASURES
6.7.6 DETAILS OF WORK PLACE AMBIENT AIR QUALITY 6.48
MONITORING PLAN
6.7.7 PROVISION OF INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST & HEALTH 6.48
EVALUATION OF WORKERS
6.7.8 SAFETY TRAININGS & MOCK DRILLS 6.49

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CHAPTER - 7 PROJECT BENEFIT
7.1 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ACTIVITIES 7.1
7.2 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 7.1
7.3 EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL 7.2
7.4 ACTION PLAN FOR BUDGETARY ALLOCATION 7.2
CHAPTER - 8 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN
8.1 INTRODUCTION 8.1
8.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVE 8.1
8.3 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CELL 8.1
8.4 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN 8.2
8.4.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE 8.2
8.4.2 OPERATION PHASE 8.3
8.4.2 MANAGEMENT OF AIR ENVIRONMENT 8.3
(A)
8.4.2 MANAGEMENT OF WATER ENVIRONMENT 8.5
(B)
8.4.2 MANAGEMENT OF NOISE ENVIRONMENT 8.10
(C)
8.4.2 MANAGEMENT OF LAND / SOIL ENVIRONMENT 8.11
(D)
8.4.2 SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT 8.14
(E)
8.4.2 GREEN BELT DEVELOPMENT 8.15
(F)
8.4.2 VEHICULAR POLLUTION CONTROL 8.16
(G)
8.4.2 BUDGETORY PROVISION PROPOSED FOR 8.16
(H) ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES
8.4.2 HEALTH AND SAFETY 8.17
(I)
8.4.2 CLEANER PRODUCTION 8.17
(J)
8.4.2 SOLVENT RECOVERY SYSTEM WITH SCRUBBER TO 8.18
(K) CONTROL VOC
8.4.2 ODOUR MANAGEMENT PLAN 8.21
(L)
8.4.2 RAIN WATER HARVESTING SCHEME 8.22
(M)
8.4.2 ADDITIONAL MITIGATION MEASURES 8.23
(N)
8.4.2 SHOW-CAUSE NOTICES, CLOSURE NOTICES 8.26
(O)
8.4.2 INSPECTION REPORT AND QUERIES BY GPCB AND 8.29
(P) THEIR REPLY
8.5 CONCLUSION 8.29

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8.6 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE 8.29
CHAPTER- 9 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY& CONCLUSION
9.1 INTRODUCTION 9.1
9.1.1 LOCATION 9.1
9.1.2 INVESTMENT 9.1
9.1.3 INFRASTUCTURE FACILITIES 9.1
9.2 PROJECT DESCRIPTION 9.1
9.2.1 NEED FOR THE PROJECT 9.1
9.2.2 RAW MATERIAL STORAGE & HANDLING 9.2
9.2.3 RESOURCE REQUIREMENT 9.2
9.2.4 POLLUTION POTENTIAL SCENARIO 9.2
9.3 BASELINE ENVIRONMENT STATUS 9.3
9.3.1 STUDY AREA INCLUDED IN ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING 9.3
9.3.2 CLIMATE OF THE STUDY AREA 9.4
9.3.3 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY 9.4
9.3.4 WATER QUALITY 9.4
9.3.5 NOISE ENVIRONMENT 9.4
9.3.6 SOIL 9.5
9.3.7 LAND USE OF THE STUDY AREA 9.5
9.3.8 BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT 9.5
9.4 IDENTIFICATION & ASSESSMENTOF IMPACT 9.5
9.4.1 WATER ENVIRONMENT 9.5
9.4.2 AIR ENVIRONMENT 9.6
9.4.3 NOISE ENVIRONMENT 9.6
9.4.4 LAND ENVIRONMENT 9.6
9.4.5 ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT 9.6
9.4.6 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT 9.7
9.4.7 INFRA STRUCTURE AND SERVICES 9.7
9.5 ENVIRONMENT MONITORING PROGRAM 9.7
9.6 RISK ASSESSMENT AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT 9.7
PLAN
9.7 PROJECT BENEFITS 9.7
9.8 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN 9.7
9.8.1 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT CELL 9.7
9.8.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN 9.7
CHAPTER- 10 DISCLOSURE OF CONSULTANT ENGAGED
10.1 SALIENT FEATURES 10.1
10.2 SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE CENTRE 10.2
10.3 OUTSTANDING ACHIVEMENTS 10.2
10.4 STATUS OF NABET ACCREDITATION 10.3
10.5 DECLARATION BY CONSULTANT 10.3

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EIA REPORT OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD, GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA, GUJARAT

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE TABLE NAME PAGE NO.


NO.
CHAPTER -1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 LIST OF PRODUCTS AS PER EXISTING & PROPOSED 1.2
SCENARIO
1.2 LIST OF DIRECTORS 1.3
1.3 CAPITAL COST OF PROJECT 1.4
1.4 NEARBY INDUSTRY DETAILS 1.5
1.5 SALIENT FEATURES OF THE PROJECT SITE 1.7
1.6 STRUCTURE OF EIA REPORT 1.9
1.7 TOR GIVEN BY SEIAA/SEAC, GUJARAT 1.10
CHAPTER - 2 PROJECT DESCRIPTION
2.1 LIST OF PRODUCTS AND THEIR CHEMICAL NAME 2.1
2.2 LIST OF PRODUCT WITH RAW MATERIAL 2.2
CONSUMPTION
2.3 DETAILS OF SOLVENTS STORED FOR PROJECT 2.3
2.4 DETAILS OF SOLVENTS TO BE USED AND RECOVERED 2.4
2.5 DETAILS OF PRODUCTS, BY-PRODUCT AND RAW 2.5
MATERIAL STORAGE
2.6 DETAILS OF RAW MATERIAL SOURCE AND METHOD OF 2.6
TRANSPORTATION
2.7 LAND USE BREAK UP OF TOTTAL PLOT AREA 2.16
2.8 CATEGORY WISE WATER REQUIREMENT 2.17
2.9 FUEL CONSUMPTION & ELECTICITY CONSUMPTION 2.19
2.10 ENERGY DISTRIBUTION 2.19
2.11 DETAILS OF UTILITIES 2.20
2.12 MAN POWER REQUIREMENT 2.20
2.13 DETAILS OF EQUIPMENTS 2.20
2.14 DETAILS OF WASTE WATER GENERATION 2.21
2.15 PRODUCT WISE POLLUTION LOAD BASED ON WORST 2.22
CASE SCENARIO
2.16 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF 2.23
EACH WASTE STREAM
2.17 DETAILS OF FLUE GAS EMISSION 2.24
2.18 DETAILS OF PROCESS EMISSION 2.24
2.19 QUANTITY OF AIR POLLUTANTS COMING OUT FROM 2.25
REACTOR
2.20 DETAILS OF WATER SCRUBBER SYSTEM 2.25
2.21 FEATURES OF SCRUBBER SYSTEM 2.25
2.22 DETAILS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION 2.27
CHAPTER – 3 BASELINE ENVIRONMENT STATUS
3.1 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS IN 5KM RADIUS STUDY 3.2
CIRCLE
3.2 METEOROLOGICAL DATA 3.3
3.3 DETAILS OF SAMPLING LOCATION OF AMBIENT AIR 3.7
QUALITY MONITORING

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3.4 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STATUS OF STUDY AREA 3.8
3.5 METHOD OF ANALYSIS 3.12
3.6 WATER QUANTITY PARAMETERS 3.13
(GROUND WATER SOURECE)
3.7 WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS 3.15
(SURFACE WATER SOURCES)
3.8 CPCB RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COMMUNITY NOISE 3.16
EXPOSURE
3.9 NOISE LEVEL DATA 3.16
3.10 SOIL QUALITY MONITORING WITH RESPECT TO THE 3.17
PROJECT SITE
3.11 SOIL QUALITY PARAMETERS 3.19
3.12 AREAS UNDER DIFFERENT LAND USE 3.20
3.13 LIST OF FLORA 3.25

3.14 LIST OF FAUNA 3.27


3.15 DEMOGRAPHIC DATA 3.30
3.16 POPULATION DENSITY & SEX RATIO 3.30
3.17 LITERACY RATE 3.31
3.18 LITERACY RATE WITHIN 10 KM RADIAL DISTANCE OF 3.28
STUDY AREA
3.19 OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE 3.33
3.20 DISTRIBUTION OF WORKERS 3.34
CHAPTER – 4 IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS
4.1 EMISSION DETAILS 4.10
4.2 CONCENTRATION OF PM, SO2 & NOX 4.11
4.3 CONCENTRATION OF NH3 4.11
4.4 ENVIRONMENT IMPACT MATRIX 4.23
(WITH MITIGATION MEASURES)
4.5 CUMULATIVE IMPACT CHART 4.24
CHAPTER – 5 ENVIRONMENT MONITORING PROGRAM
5.1 IMPLEMENTATION POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES 5.2
5.2 ENVIRONMENT MONITORING PLAN 5.3
5.3 BUDGET ALLOCATION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL 5.6
MANAGEMENT
CHAPTER - 6 RISK ASSESSMENT
6.1 A DETAILS OF HAZARDOUS RAW MATERIALS 6.4
6.1 B PROPERTIES OF HAZARDOUS RAW MATERIALS 6.4
6.2 A RISK MATRIX FOR QUALITATIVE RISK ASSESSMENT 6.6
6.2 B RISK RANGE & ACCEPTABILITY CRITERIA 6.6
6.3 A RISKS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ACID 6.7
RISKS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SOLID
6.3 B 6.8
CHEMICALS
6.3 C RISKS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR OF DRUMS 6.9
6.4 EFFECTS DUE TO INCIDENT RADIATION INTENSITY 6.12
6.5 DAMAGE DUE TO OVERPRESSURES 6.12
6.6 WEATHER DATA USED FOR THE STUDY 6.13
6.7 SCENARIOS IDENTIFIED FOR CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS 6.14
6.8 SCENARIO# 1– RELEASE OF AMMONIA 6.15

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TABLE TABLE NAME PAGE NO.


NO.
6.8 A RESULTS 6.15
6.9 SCENARIO#2 – RELEASE OF METHANOL 6.18
6.10 SCENARIO#3 – RELEASE OF TOLUENE 6.21
6.11 FLASH FIRE SCENARIOS 6.24
6.12 LATE POOL FIRE SCENARIOS 6.24
6.13 GAS DISPERSION SCENARIOS 6.24
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR TOXIC RELEASE
6.14 6.26
SCENARIOS
ANTIDOTES FOR MAJOR HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS ARE
6.15 6.31
KEPT AVAILABLE AT THE SITE.
CHAPTER- 8 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN
8.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE DETAILS 8.2
8.2 DETAILS OF ALL EMISSIONS CONTROL MEASURES 8.3
8.3 PROPOSED CONTROL MEASURES FOR FUGITIVE 8.4
EMISSIONS
8.4 EQUIPMENT LIST OF PROPOSED EFFLUENT TRETMENT 8.8
PLANT
8.5 EFFLUENT QUALITY AT ETP 8.8
8.6 DETAILS OF CONTROL MEASURES FOR EFFLUENT 8.9
GENERATION
8.7 DETAILS OF COST OF ETP PER YEAR 8.9
8.8 DETAILS OF PROFIT BY SALE OF PRODUCTS 8.9
8.9 MONITORING DETAILS OF CETP NANDESARI 8.10
8.10 DETAILS OF CONTROL MEASURES FOR NOISE 8.10
POLLUTION
8.11 DETAILS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION & 8.12
DISPOSAL
8.12 CAPITAL COST AND RECURRING COST FOR 8.16
ENVIRONMENT CONTROL MEASURES
8.13 DETAILS OF WATER SCRUBBER SYSTEM FOR VOC 8.18
8.14 SPECIFICATIONS OF WATER SCRUBBER SYSTEM 8.19
8.15 PROPOSED ODOUR CONTROLMEASURES 8.21
8.16 SHOWCAUSE NOTICE AND COMPLIANCE 8.27
8.17 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE 8.30

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LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE FIGURE NAME PAGE NO.


NO.
CHAPTER -1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 LOCATION MAP OF PROJECT SITE 1.6
1.2 GOOGLE EARTH OR SATELLITE IMAGE OF PROJECT 1.7
LOCATION
CHAPTER - 2 PROJECT DESCRIPTION
2.1 EXISTING WATER BALANCE DIAGRAM 2.18
2.2 PROPOSED WATER BALANCE DIAGRAM 2.18
2.3 FLOW DIAGRAM OF PROCESS VENT 2.26
CHAPTER - 3 BASELINE ENVIRONMENT STATUS
3.1 LOCATIONAL MAP 3.2
3.2 WIND ROSE DIAGRAM 3.4
3.3 WIND ROSE DIAGARM ON SATELITE IMAGE 3.5
3.4 WIND CLASS FREQUENCY DISRTIBUTION 3.6
3.5 LOCATION OF AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING 3.7
STATIONS
3.6 LOCATION OF GROUND WATER QUALITY 3.10
MONITORING STATIONS
3.7 LOCATION OF SURFACE WATER QUALITY 3.11
MONITORING STATIONS
3.8 LOCATION OF NOISE MONITORING STATIONS 3.16
3.9 LOCATION OF SOIL MONITORING STATIONS 3.18
3.10 LANDUSE-LANDCOVER MAP 3.21
3.11 SEISMIC ZONES IN INDIA 3.23
3.12 SEISMIC ZONES IN GUJARAT 3.24
CHAPTER - 4 IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS
4.1 IMPACT NETWORK ON AIR ENVIROENMENT 4.2
4.2 IMPACT NETWORK ON NOISE ENVIRONMENT 4.3
4.3 IMPACT NETWORK ON WATER ENVIRONMENT 4.4
4.4 IMPACT NETWORK ON GROUND WATER 4.5
ENVIRONMENT
4.5 IMPACT NETWORK ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND 4.6
CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
4.6 IMPACT NETWORK ON LAND ENVIRONMENT 4.7
4.7 ISOPLETHS OF SO2 (SITE COORDINATES 0, 0) 4.12
4.8 ISOPLETHS OF NOX (SITE COORDINATES 0, 0) 4.13
4.9 ISOPLETHS OF PM (SITE COORDINATES 0, 0) 4.14

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FIGURE FIGURE NAME PAGE NO.


NO.
4.10 ISOPLETHS OF NH3 (SITE COORDINATES 0, 0) 4.15
CHAPTER -6 RISK ASSESSMENT
6.1 HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL LOCATION IN COMPANY 6.3
LAYOUT
6.2 RISK CONTOURS FOR AMMONIA FLASH FIRE 6.16
6.3 RISK CONTOURS FOR AMMONIA LATE POOL FIRE 6.17
6.4 RISK CONTOURS FOR FLASH FIRE 6.19
6.5 RISK CONTOURS FOR LATE POOL FIRE 6.20
6.6 RISK CONTOURS FOR FLASH FIRE 6.22
6.7 RISK CONTOURS FOR LATE POOL FIRE 6.23
CHAPTER- 8 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN
8.1 FLOW DIAGRAM OF ENVIRONMENTAL 8.2
MANAGEMENT CELL
8.2 HYDRODYNAMIC CAVITATION 8.7
8.3 TREATMENT PROCESS 8.7
8.4 FLOW DIAGRAM OF ETP 8.8
8.5 DIAGRAM OF WATER SCRUBBER FOLLOWED BY 8.20
CARBON TOWER

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LIST OF ANNEXURE

ANNEXURE ANNEXURE NAME


NO.
I CCA COPY AND COMPLIANCE
II GIDC LETTER
III PLANT LAYOUT
IV TERMS OF REFERENCE
V SURVEY OF INDIA TOPOSHEET
VI WATER LETTER
VII UNDERTAKING BY UNIT
VIII WASTE WATER LETTER AND CETP DETAILS
IX HAZARDOUS WASTE MEMBERSHIP CERTIFICATE
X ENVIRONMENT AND QUALITY POLICY
XI HIGHCOURT STAY ORDER
XII MONITORING DATES
XIII INSPECTION REPORT AND COMPLIANCE
XIV CONSULTANT UNDERTAKING

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

CHAPTER -1
INTRODUCTION

1.1 PURPOSE OF THE REPORT AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt.Ltd are already engaged in manufacturing of organic Pharmaceutical at plot
41/B-5,B-6 GIDC Estate, Behind Ashok organic , Nandesari, Dist. Vadodara, Gujarat-392140.The Unit is
having valid Consolidated Consent & Authorization (CC&A) from Gujarat Pollution Control Board vide
CC&A order no.: AWH-68944 with validity up to 11/01/2020 for manufacturing of Organic
pharmaceutical. The unit is going for expansion for range of products like Anti-Epileptic, Anti
Convulsant, Anti-Hypertensive, Anti Parkisonion and R&D products. The unit has proposed expansion of
71.415 MT/Month of organic pharmaceuticals; therefore total production quantity after expansion
becomes 72 MT/Month. The details of product are given in Table no.1.1. The product proposed by the
unit fall in the Schedule attached to the EIA Notification, i.e. Project No. 5(f).
The purpose of this report is to:
 Establish a pre-project baseline with respect to environmental indicators.
 Identify environment related impacts
 Evaluate safety related risk factors associated with project
 Propose appropriate mitigation measures for minimizing the adverse impactsto the extent possible
 Suggest Environment Management Plan
 Recommend Risk Management Plan
This report is also made in the overall frame work of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Notification dated 14th September 2006 (and subsequent amendments to the same) issued by the Ministry
of Environment and Forests (MoEF), by providing required information with regards to the project as
mentioned in the Terms of Reference issued by the State Level Environment Impact Assessment
Committee.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

TABLE: 1.1
LIST OF PRODUCTS
Sr. Product Name Existing Proposed Total
No. Quantity in Quantity in Capacity
MT/Month MT/Month MT/ Month
Existing As Per CCA No.-AWH-68944
1. Sodium Valproate IP/BP 0.25 0 0.25
2. Propranolol HCl IP/BP/USP 0.25 0 0.25
3. Methocarbamol USP 0.085 0 0.085
Proposed
Sr. Range of Name of Product Existing Proposed Total
No. Segment Quantity in Quantity in Capacity
MT/Month MT/Month MT/ Month
1. Anti-Epileptic, Valproic acid and its 0 50 50
Anti Convulsant pharmaceutically acceptable
salts
2. Anti-Epileptic, CarbamazepineAnd/or 0 8 8
Anti Convulsant Oxcarbamazepine
3. Anti- Propranolol HCl and other β- 0 5 5
Hypertensive blockers
4. Anti- Fenofibrate 0 5 5
Hypertensive
5. Anti-Epileptic, Levosulpiride 0 2 2
Anti Convulsant
6. Anti Parkisonion Biperiden HCl 0 0.415 0.415
7. R &D 0 1 1
Total 0.585 71.415 72

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

1.2 IDENTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT AND PROJECT PROPONENT


1.2.1 PROJECT PROPONENT
They are entrepreneurs backed by industry veterans having combined experience of more than 2 decades.
They have in depth understanding of the Pharmaceutical Business as well as market. Details of directors
are given in Table no. 1.2.
TABLE: 1.2
DETAILS OF DIRECTORS
Sr. Name of Partner Designation Residential Address Mobile No.
No.
1. Mr. Mukeshchandra Director 8, Rohini Apartments5,Bhavanipura
M Patel Society, Nizampura Vadodara –390002, 9227103654
Gujarat
2. Mrs. Nayana M. Director 8, Rohini Apartments
Patel 5, Bhavanipura Society,Nizampura 9512976777
Vadodara –390002, Gujarat
3. Mr. Janakkumar M. Director A-102, Samanvay –II B/H, Deep PVR
9586925992
Patel Cinemas,Channi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat

1.3 KEY INFORMATION OF PROJECT


1.3.1 IMPORTANCE AND JUSTIFICATION OF PROJECT
Global Pharma market size in the calendar year 2015 is estimated at $1060 billion as per IMS with a very
marginal growth rate of 1-2%. India’s total export of pharmaceuticals (APIs, Generics and Alternative
system of medicine) during 2015-16 was $16.89 billion with a growth of 9.44%. India’s exports in INR
terms has recorded a growth of 17% and was valued at 110,522crore during Fy-15
A Global generic market is estimated to be of size $ 294 billion. The market grew 2015 approximately by
4% as Per IMS (World renowned market audit agency) data. India, a predominant player in the Generic
market has docked $ 12.6 billion of &ports out of this $ 294 a growth of 12.8% during the year 2015-16.
India has a market share of almost 80% of a Generic market size of Africa. A region of North American
as contributed over 33%to India’s pharmaceutical exports and has grown by a 26% in Fy-l6.
1.3.2 NATURE OF THE PROJECT
The existing unit is having valid CCAorder no.: AWH-68944 with validity up to 11/01/2020 for
manufacturing of Organic pharmaceutical and is attached as an Annexure-I.The unit is going forexpansion
and will manufacture 72 MT/Month of organic pharmaceuticals after expansion.The total plot area is
1651.10 sq. m. Since the unit is located in notified estate, it will be dealt with State Level Environment
Impact Assessment Committee. 

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

1.3.3 SIZE AND COST OF THE PROJECT


The expected cost of expansion of project is Rs 620 Lacs. New machinery installations will be acquired
and installed. Environment Protection and safety systems have also been considered in planning the Cost
Projection. Green belt development, provision of fire extinguishers etc. are also calculated. The break-up
of the proposed project cost is shown in Table no.1.3.
TABLE: 1.3
CAPITAL COST PROJECTION
Sr. Purpose Proposed
No. (Rs. In lakh)
1. Land 150
2. Building 200
3. Plant and Machinery 151
4. Q.A. Lab set up 20
5. Env. Protection & Safety 99
a) Effluent treatment Plant 39
b) Safety Equipment (PPE, fire 20
extinguishers, Ventilation, etc.)
c) Green belt development 20
d) Fire 20
Total 620

1.3.4 SITE SELECTION


Proposed expansion of project will be carried out at the existing plant only i.e. Plot No. 41/B-5 and 41/B-
6, GIDC, Nandesari, Dist. Vadodara-391 340. In addition there are advantages of present site. They are-
 Site is very well connected by road & rail and close to Vadodara city.
 Availability of power facilities – MGVCL.
 Availability of water facilities from GIDC – Nandesari.
 Raw materials will be available easily.
 Transportation cost will be cheap, availability of CETP - NECL, Nandesari for effluent treatment
& discharge
 Availability of TSDF site- NECL, Nandesari for disposal of Hazardous Waste
 All infrastructure facilities are available.
Main industries are petrochemicals, chemicals, fertilizer, Dyes and intermediates and pharmaceuticals in
the industrial area.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

1.4 LOCATION OF THE PROJECT


Proposed expansion of project will be carried out at the existing plant only i.e. Plot No. 41/B-5 and 41/B-
6, GIDC, Nandesari, Dist. Vadodara-391 340. The plot allotment letter from GIDC is attached as
Annexure-II. It is approximately 10 km distance from Dist. Vadodara. Vadodara is third largest city in
the State of Gujarat and is one of the focal points of industrial growth in western India. Numerous major,
medium and small scale industries are situated in this area.The national highway 8 connecting Nandesari
to Ahmedabad and lies approx.5 km NE of the site and it is well connected by rail and road. Water is
available from the GIDC water supply scheme. Mahi River, a perennial river, flows approx.1.7 km west
of the site.

The approximate geographical positioning of the project site is at Latitude: 22°24’36.23”N, Longitude:
73°5'15.75”E.The salient features of the location of the project site are presented in Table no. 1.4. Layout
plan of the factory premises clearly demarcating various units within the plant. Provision of separate entry
& exit and adequate margin all round the periphery for unobstructed easy movement of the emergency
vehicle / fire tenders without reversing back isattached as Annexure-III.

The location of project site can be identified from the location map shown in Figure no. 1.2 and Figure
no.1.3.The industry is located in an area, which is already industrialized. The industries in the vicinity of
the proposed project are given in the table no-4.

TABLE: 1.4
NEARBY INDUSTRIES IN THE VICINITY

Name of Industry Direction w.r.t Address


project site
M/s. Shiv dye stuff & East Plot No 41/B-8 GIDC Estate, Nandesari
intermediate industries Ltd. Industrial Estate, Vadodara - 391340

M/s. Sujag Fine Chemicals South 42/6 & 7 GIDC Estate, Nandesari,
Pvt. Ltd.
Dist. Baroda -391 340

M/s. Ratna Nicochem Pvt. West Plot No 41/B-3 &4 GIDC Estate, Nandesari
Ltd. Industrial Estate, Vadodara - 391340

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 1.1
LOCATIONAL MAP

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EIA
A OF M/S. ROAQ
R CHEM
MICALS PV
VT LTD., G
GIDC NAND
DESARI, VA
ADODARA
A

F
FIGURE 1.2
2
SATELLITEE IMAGE OF
O PROJEC
CT LOCAT
TION

1..4 SALIENT
T FEATUR
RES

T
The salient feeatures of pro
oject site aree covered un
nder Table noo. 1.4.
T
TABLE: 1.5
SALIENT FE EATURES OF THE PR
ROJECT SITE
S
Particularrs Detailss Ap pprox. Distaance
froom Project Site
Village Nandesari 0.771 Km
Taluka/ Teehsil Vadod dara 100.03 Km
District Vadod dara 100.03 Km
Approx. Geographical
G l Latitud
de: 22°24’366.23”N --
positioning
g Longittude: 73°5'15
5.75”E
Nearest Ciity Vadod dara 100.03 Km
Nearest Toown Vasad 5K Km
Nearest Highway Nation
nal Highway No. 8 3.444 Km
Nearest Sttate highway
y GSH 11 6.882 Km
Nearest Raailway line/ Nandesari 2.662Km
Railway sttation
Nearest Airport/ Airbaase Vadod
dara 166 Km
Nearest Riiver Mahi River
R 1.77 Km

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

1.5 REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


As per the EIA Notification, September 2006, the proposed expansion project falls under category 5(f) of
the schedule. The unit has proposed total quantity 72 MT/Month of organic pharmaceutical manufacturing
which requires prior Environmental Clearance (EC). They are categorized as category ‘B’, requiring EC
from STATE LEVEL EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE.
 This project was issued TOR on the 328thmeeting of SEAC dated 2nd March, 2017 and was
communicated to project proponent vide letter no. SEIAA/GUJ/TOR/5(f)/622/2017 dated
01/05/2017.
 The EIA report is based on the finalized TOR as ref no. SEIAA/GUJ/TOR/5(f)/622/2017 Dated:
01st May, 2017. The original TOR letter given by the SEAC is attached as Annexure-IV.

1.6 SCOPE & OBJECTIVES OF THE EIA STUDY

This EIA Report is prepared to comply with the requirements of the SEAC as per the guideline for the
Clearance. The objectives of this EIA are:
 To describe the Project and associated works together with the requirements for carrying out the
Project.
 To identify and describe the elements of the community and environment likely to be affected by
the Project, and / or likely to cause impacts upon the Project, including both the natural and man-
made environment.
 To identify and quantify emission sources and determine the severityof impacts on sensitive
receivers and potential affected uses.
 To recognize and quantify any environmental impacts associated with the Project and recommend
appropriate mitigation measures.
 To study existing landscape and visual quality in the study area so as to evaluate the landscape and
visual impacts of the project.
 To propose mitigation measures to minimise pollution, environmental disturbance and nuisance
during construction and operation of the project;
 To identify, predict and evaluate the residual (that is, after practicable mitigation) environmental
impacts and cumulative effects expected to arise during the construction and operation phases of
the project in relation to the sensitive receivers and potential affected uses.
 To identify, assess and specify methods, measures and standards, to be included in the detailed
design, construction and operation of the project which are necessary to mitigate these impacts and
reduce them to allowable levels within established standards / guidelines.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

 To investigate the extent of side-effects of proposed mitigation measures that may lead to other
forms of impacts.
 To identify constraints associated with the mitigation measures recommended in this EIA.
 To identify any additional studies necessary to fulfil the objectives to the requirements of this EIA
Study.
1.7 STRUCTURE OF EIA REPORT
The generic structure of the EIA report, as per the guideline provided by MoEF&CC is illustrated in the
following Table no.1.5.
TABLE: 1.6
STRUCTURE OF EIA REPORT
Sr. EIA Structure Contents
No.
1. Introduction  Purpose of the report and regulatory frame work
 Identification of the project and project proponent
 Key Information of project
 Regulatory Frame work
 Scope & Objective of EIA study
 Structure of EIA report
 Terms of reference & Its Compliance
2. Project Description  Condensed description of those aspects of the project (based
on project feasibility study), likely to cause environmental
effects. Description contains the details of the following:
 Type of project
 Need for the project
 Location details showing general location, specific location,
project boundary & project site layout)
 Technology and process description
 Project description. Including drawings showing project
layout, components of project etc. Schematic representations of
the feasibility drawings which give information important for
EIA purpose
 Description of mitigation measures incorporated into the
project to meet environmental standards,
3. Description of the  Study area, period, components & methodology
Environment  Establishment of baseline for valued environmental
components, as identified in the scope
 Base maps of all environmental components
4. Anticipated  Details of Investigated Environmental impacts due to project
Environmental Impacts location, possible accidents, project design, project construction,
& regular operations, final decommissioning or rehabilitation of a
Mitigation Measures completed project
 Measures for minimizing and / or offsetting adverse impacts
identified
 Irreversible and Irretrievable commitments of environmental

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Sr. EIA Structure Contents


No.
components
 Assessment of significance of impacts (Criteria for
determining significance, Assigning significance)
 Mitigation measures
5. Environmental  Technical aspects of environmental monitoring for the
Monitoring Program effectiveness of mitigation measures (incl. Measurement
methodologies, frequency, location, data analysis, reporting
schedules, emergency procedures, budget & procurement
schedules)
6. Additional Study: Risk  Hazard Identification
Assessment & Disaster  Risk Assessment & control/prevention Measures
Management Plan  Disaster Management
7. Project Benefits  Detail of the Socioeconomic & other tangible benefits of the
project
8. Environment  Description of the administrative aspects of ensuring that
Management Plan mitigation measures are implemented and their effectiveness
monitored, after approval of the EIA. The Chapter consist of:
 Mitigation measures for impacts
 Pollution Prevention Plan
 Greenbelt Development Plan
 Mangrove Management Plan
 Dredging management Plan
 Waste management plan
 Environment Management Cell
 Budgetary Provisions for EMS
9. Summary & Conclusion  Description of brief of EIA report
10. Disclosure of Consultant  Detail of the EIA Consultant
Engaged

1.8 TERMS OF REFERENCE BY SEAC, GANDHINAGAR AND ITS COMPLIANCE


TABLE: 1.7
TOR GIVEN BY SEAC, GANDHINAGAR
Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under
No.
1. A tabular chart with index for point-wise Details are covered under table no. 1.7 in
compliance of below mentioned TORs. Chapter-1 from page no. 1.10 to 1.20.
2. Executive summary of the project – giving a Details are covered under Chapter-9.
prima facie idea of the objectives of the
proposal, use of Resources, justification, etc. In
addition, it should provide a compilation of EIA
report, including EMP and the Post-project
monitoring plan in brief.
3. Justification for selecting the proposed product Details are covered under topic 1.3.1 in
and unit size. Chapter-1 on page no. 3.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
4. Land requirement for the project including its The unit is existing unit and the proposed
break up for various purposes, its availability expansion will be carried out in existing as
andOptimization. well as adjoining unit. Details of Land are
covered under topic 2.5.1 of Chapter-2 from
page no. 2.16 to 2.17.
5. Land possession documents. Copy of NA order Copy of plot holding certificate from GIDC
showing permission to use the project land for of 41/B-5 and 41/B-6 is attached as an
industrialpurpose. If located in GIDC, copy of Annexure-II.
plot holding certificate obtained from GIDC
Authority.
6. Location of the project site and nearest habitats Toposheet is attached as an Annexure-V
with distances from the project site to be
demarcated on atoposheet (1: 50000 scale).
7. Topography details of the project area. Details are covered under topic 1.3.4 and
1.3.5 of Chapter-1 from page no.1.4 to 1.5
8. Geological features and geo-hydrological status Details are covered under topic 3.7.1of
of the study area. Chapter-3 on page no.3.22.
9. In case of project located outside notified area: Unit is an existing unit in GIDC Nandesari.
Legal Undertaking stating that unit is complying Hence not applicable.
the threeconditions [i.e. water consumption less
than 25 M3/day; Fuel consumption less than 25
TPD; and notcovered in the category of MAH
units as per the Management, Storage, Import of
Hazardous ChemicalRules (MSIHC Rules),
1989] as per the amendment to EIA
Notification, 2006 vide SO 1599 (E) dated
25/06/2014.
10. Present land use pattern of the study area shall Details are covered under topic 3.7of
be given based on satellite imagery. Chapter-3 from page no.3.19 to 3.21.
11. Layout plan of the factory premises clearly  Details are covered under topic no. 1.3.5
demarcating various units within the plant. of Chapter-I on page no. 1.5.
Provision of separateentry & exit and adequate  Plant layout is attached as an Annexure-
margin all round the periphery for unobstructed III.
easy movement of theemergency vehicle / fire  Details of Land are covered under topic
tenders without reversing back. Mark the same 2.5.1 of Chapter-2 from page no. 2.16 to
in the plant layout.
2.17.

12. Technical details of the plant/s along with Details are covered under topic 2.4 of
details on best available technologies (BAT), Chapter-2 from page no.2.7 to 2.16
proposedtechnology and reasons for selecting
the same.
13. Product spectrum (Proposed products along with  Details of products are given in table
production Capacity) and processes. no.1.1 in Chapter-1 on page no. 1.2.
 Details of process are covered under
topic 2.4 of Chapter-2 from page no.2.7
to 2.16.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
14. Chemical name of each proposed product to be  Details are covered under table 2.1 of
manufactured. Details on end use of each Chapter-2 from page no 2.1 to 2.2.
product.(Provide CAS number of all the
products & raw materials. In case of Dyes, CI
number).
15. Details on raw materials, source and storage  Details are covered under table 2.5 of
within the premises. Chapter-2 from page no 2.5 to 2.6.

16. Details of complete manufacturing process /  Details are covered under topic 2.4 of
operations of each product along with chemical Chapter-2 from page no 2.7 to 2.16.
reactions,process flow diagram describing each
unit processes and unit operations along with
material balance,consumption of raw materials
etc.
17. Details on strategy for the implementation of  Details are covered under topic 8.4.2. (J)
cleaner production activities. Of Chapter-8 on page no 8.17.
18. Assessment of source of the water supply with  Water will be supplied by Nandesari
adequacy of the same to meet with the Utilities Ltd. Water letter is attached as
requirements for theproject. Permission obtained an Annexure-VI.
from the concern authority for supply of raw
water.
19. Undertaking stating that no bore well shall be Undertaking is attached as an Annexure-
dug within the premises (If project is located VII.
within theIndustrial estate).
20. Details on water balance including quantity of  Details are covered under topic 2.5.2 of
effluent generated, recycled & reused. Details of Chapter-2 from page no. 2.17 to 2.18.
methods tobe adopted for the water  Details are covered under topic 8.4.2.
conservation. (B) of Chapter-8 from page no. 8.5 to
8.8.
21. Explore the possibilities for Zero Liquid Due to high TDS of treated effluent ZLD is
Discharge (ZLD) or Efforts to minimize effluent not practically implementable. Quality of
discharge and tomaintain quality of receiving effluent will be outlet norms of receiving
water body. body (CETP).
22. Segregation of waste streams, characterization  Details of waste stream are shown in
and quality with specific treatment and disposal table 2.14 in Chapter-2 on page no. 2.21.
of eachstream including action plan for  Detalis of characterization, quality and
maximum recycle of treated waste water and treatment are given in topic 8.4.2.(B).1
minimum discharge for effluent in Chapter-8 from pageno. 8.5 to 8.8.
23. Capacity of ETP in KL/day. Details of ETP  ETP is designed for 35 KLD. Details of
including dimensions of each unit along with ETP are covered under topic 8.4.2.(B).1
schematic flowdiagram. Inlet, transitional and of Chapter-8 from page no. 8.5 to 8.8.
treated effluent qualities with specific efficiency  Worst case scenario is covered under
of each treatment unit invreduction in respect of table 2.15 of Chapter-2 on page no. 2.22.
all concerned/regulated environmental
parameters. Inlet effluent quality should bebased
on worst case scenario considering production
of most polluting products that can be

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Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
manufacturedin the plant concurrently.
24. In case of discharge into GIDC drainage / Discharge by tanker to CETP.
Pipeline:
1. Copy of permission letter with quantity
(KL/day) from the concern authority of
drainage network /pipeline with
confirmation for spare capacity available
to take additional effluent.
2. Characteristics of the combined effluent
and treated water to be sent to Common
pipeline withreference to the
MoEFCC/CPCB/GPCB discharge
norms.
25. In case of waste water sent to Common Details of CETP and membership certificate
Facilities (CF) like CETP, MEE, Spray Dryer are attached as an Annexure-VIII.
etc. Details ofCommon facilities including (1)
Total capacity of the CF (2) Copy of CC&A of
the CF. (3) Actual load atpresent (Qualitative
and Quantitative – KL per day) (4) Booked
quantity & Spare capacity of CF (5) Copiesof
XGN generated Inspection reports with analysis
reports of the water/Air/Hazardous samples
collected byGPCB (Last 2 year). Copies of
instructions issued by GPCB in last 2 year and
point wise compliance thereof. (6) Copies of
Show- cause notices, closure notices etc. served
by the GPCB and its compliance
(6)Recommendations and suggestions of the last
two Environment Audit reports of CETP and its
compliance report. (7) Common Facility Up
gradation scheme, if any.
26. In case of Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) : Not Applicable
1. Action plan for ‘Zero’ discharge of effluent
shall be included. Notarized undertaking for
assuring that underground drainage
connection will not be taken in the unit.
2. Economical and technical viability of the
effluent treatment system to achieve Zero
Liquid Discharge (ZLD).
3. Certification of adequacy of proposed ZLD
scheme through credible institutes of
National repute.
4. To estimate & monitor ground water quality
& its contamination status, piezometer wells,
one on up gradient of the groundwater flow
and other three on the down gradient side of
the ground water flow of the proposed

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Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
project at different depth based on available
ground water depth shall be established and
all the parameters mentioned in IS 10:500 for
potable water standard shall be monitored.
27. In case of in-house MEE for waste water Not applicable
treatment: Capacity of MEE in KL/hr. Technical
details of MEEincluding evaporation capacity,
steam required for evaporation, adequacy of the
proposed boiler to supplysteam for evaporation
in addition to the steam required for the process
etc. Techno-economical viability ofthe
evaporation system. Control measures proposed
for the evaporation system in order to
avoid/reducegaseous emission/VOC from
evaporation of industrial effluent containing
solvents & other chemicals.
28. Technical details of ATFD/Crystallizer/Dryer, Not Applicable.
RO/NF system etc. (If any).
29. Undertaking stating that a separate electric Undertaking is atached as an Annexure-VII.
meter will be provided for the waste water
treatment system viz.ETP, RO, MEE, Spray
dryer etc. (Whichever is applicable)
30. Economical and technical viability of the Details are covered under topic 8.4.2.
effluent treatment system. (B).1.1 of Chapter-8 from page no. 8.9 to
8.10
31. Plans for management, collection and disposal All the waste streans will be collected in
of waste streams to be generated from spillage, strom water drain and sent to ETP for
leakages,vessel washing, used container treatment. Detailed decontamication is
washing etc. Measures proposed for preventing given under topic 8.4.2. (D) of Chapter-8 on
effluent discharge duringunforeseen page no. 8.13.
circumstances.
32. Action plan for reuse of waste streams like No such waste streams.
Spent acids, Poly Aluminium Chloride etc.
within premises toconvert into valuable products
instead of sending outside to actual end-users.
33. One season Site-specific micro-meteorological Details are covered under topic 3.2 of
data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly Chapter-3 from pageno. 3.3 to 3.6.
windspeed and direction and rainfall should be
incorporated.
34. Anticipated environmental impacts due to the Details of baseline monitoring are covered
proposed project/production may be evaluated under topic 3.3 to 3.6 of Chapter-3 from
for significance and based on corresponding page no. 3.6 to 3.19.
likely impacts VECs (Valued Environmental
Components) may beidentified. Baseline studies Details of impact are covered under topic
may be conducted within the study area for all 4.2 of Chapter-4 from page no 4.8 to 4.21.
the concerned/identified VECsand likely
impacts will have to be assessed for their

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Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
magnitude in order to identify mitigation
measures.
35. One complete season base line ambient air Details are covered under topic no 3.3 of
quality data (except monsoon season) to be Chapter-3 from page no. 3.6 to 3.9.
given along withthe dates of monitoring. The
parameters to be covered shall be in accordance
with the revised NationalAmbient Air Quality
Standards (NAAQS) as well as project specific
parameters like NH3, HCl, CL2, HBr,VOC etc.
Locations of the monitoring stations should be
so decided so as to take into consideration
thepre-dominant downwind direction,
population zone and sensitive receptors. There
should be at least onemonitoring station in the
upwind direction. There should be at least one
monitoring station in the predominant
downwind direction at a location where
maximum ground level concentration is likely to
occur.
36. Modeling indicating the likely impact on Details are covered under topic no 4.2.2.2 of
ambient air quality due to proposed activities. Chapter-4 from page no. 4.9 to 4.15.
The details of modelused and input parameters
used for modeling should be provided. The air
quality contours may be shownon location map
clearly indicating the location of sensitive
receptors, if any, and the habitation. The wind
rose showing pre-dominant wind direction
should also be indicated on the map. Impact due
to vehicularmovement shall also be included
into the prediction using suitable model. Results
of Air dispersionmodeling should be
superimposed on satellite Image / geographical
area map.
37. Base line status of the noise environment, Details are covered under topic no 3.5 of
impact of noise on present environment due to Chapter-3 from page no. 3.15 to 3.17.
the project andproposed measures for noise
reduction including engineering controls.
38. Specific details of A. Details are covered under table 2.18 and
A. Process gas emission from each unit process 2.19 of Chapter-2 from page no. 2.24 to
with its quantification. 2.25.
B. Air pollution Control Measures (APCM) B. Details are covered under table 2.18,
proposed for process gas emission. 2.20, 2.21 and figure 2.3 of Chapter-2
Adequacy of the airpollution control from page no. 2.24 to 2.26.
measures (APCM) for process gas emission C. Details of utilities are covered under
measures to achieve the GPCBnorms. topic 2.11 of Chapter-2 on page no 2.20.
C. Details of the utilities required. D. Details of fuel quanity are covered
D. Type and quantity (MT/hr& MT/Day) of under topic 2.5.3 of Chapter-2 on page

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
fuel to be used for each utility. no. 2.19.
E. Flue gas emission rate emission from each E. Details are covered under table 2.17 of
utility. Chapter-2 on page no. 2.24.
F. Air Pollution Control Measures (APCM) F. Details are covered under table 2.17 of
proposed to each of the utility along with its Chapter-2 on page no. 2.24.
adequacy G. Details are covered under topic 8.4.2.
G. List the project specific sources of fugitive (A) of Chapter-8 from page no. 8.3 to
emission along with its quantification and 8.4.
proposedmeasures to control it. H. No such treatment.
H. Details on tail gas treatment.(If any)
39. Action plan for odour control to be submitted. Details are covered under topic8.4.2. (L) of
Chapter-8from page no. 8.21 to 8.22.
40. Management plan for solid/hazardous waste Details are covered under topic8.4.2. (D) of
including storage, handling, utilization and safe Chapter-8from page no. 8.09 to 8.13.
disposal asper the Hazardous and Other Wastes
(Management and Transboundary Movement)
Rules 2016. CPCBguidelines in respect of
specific treatment, such as solar evaporation,
incineration, etc., need to befollowed. How the
manual handling of the hazardous wastes will be
minimized. Methodology of
decontaminationand disposal of discarded
containers and its record keeping.
41. Membership of Common Environmental Membership of Common Environmental
Infrastructure like TSDF, Common Incineration Infrastructure like TSDF, Common
Facility (CHWIF)etc. Incineration Facility (CHWIF)etc
areattached as an Annexure-IX.
42. Name and quantity of each type of solvents to be  Details of solvent storage are given in
used for proposed production. Details of in- table 2.3 of Chapter-2 on page no 2.3.
house solventrecovery system including mass  Details of solvent recovery are covered
balance, solvent loss, recovery efficiency (% under topic no 8.4.2. (K) of Chapter-8
recovery), feasibility ofreusing the recovered from page no8.18 to 8.20.
solvents etc. for each type of solvent.
43. Appropriate monitoring network has to be Details are covered under topic 5.4 of
designed and proposed, to assess the possible Chapter-5 from page no. 5.2 to 5.5.
residual impactson VECs.
44. A detailed EMP including the protection and Details are covered under Chapter-8 from
mitigation measures for impact on human health page no 8.1 to 8.30.
andenvironment as well as detailed monitoring
plan and environmental management cell
proposed forimplementation and monitoring of
EMP. The EMP should also include the concept
of waste-minimization,recycle/reuse/recover
techniques, energy conservation, and natural
resource conservation. Total capitalcost and
recurring cost/annum earmarked for
environment pollution control measures.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
45. Details of in-house monitoring capabilities and Details are covered under topic 5.4 of
the recognized agencies if proposed for Chapter-5 from page no. 5.2 to 5.5.
conductingmonitoring.
46. Permission from PESO, Nagpur for storage of Necessary permission will be taken.
solvents, other toxic chemicals, if any.
47. Occupational health impacts on the workers and Details are covered under topic 6.7 of
mitigation measures proposed to avoid the Chapter-6 from page no. 6.47 to 6.49.
human healthhazards along with the personal
protective equipment to be provided. Provision
of industrial hygienist andmonitoring of the
occupational injury to workers as well as impact
on the workers. Plan for periodic
medicalcheckup of the workers exposed. Details
of work place ambient air quality monitoring
plan as per GujaratFactories Rules.
48. Details on volatile organic compounds (VOCs)  Details are covered under table 8.3 of
from the plant operations and occupational Chapter-8 from page no. 8.4 to 8.5.
safety andhealth protection measures. Proposal  Details are covered under topic 6.7 of
for Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR) program
as per the CPCBguidelines. Chapter-6 from page no. 6.47 to 6.49.
 Details are covered under topic 8.4.2.
(K) of Chapter-8 from page no 8.18 to
8.20.
49. Risk assessment including prediction of the  Details are covered under topic 6.3 of
worst-case scenario and maximum credible Chapter-6 from page no. 6.5 to 6.24.
accident scenariosshould be carried out. The
worst-case scenario should take into account the
maximum inventory of storageat site at any
point of time. The risk contours should be
plotted on the plant layout map clearly
showingwhich of the facilities would be affected
in case of an accident taking place. Based on the
same, proposedsafeguard measures including
On-Site / Off-Site Emergency Plan should be
provided.
50. MSDS of all the products and raw materials. MSDS are attached as soft copy
51. Details of hazardous characteristics and toxicity Details are covered under table 2.5 of
of raw materials and products to be handled and Chapter-2 from page no. 2.5 to 2.6.
thecontrol measures proposed to ensure safety
and avoid the human health impacts. This shall Details are covered under table 6.1A, and
include thedetails of Antidotes also. 6.1 B of Chapter-6 on page no 6.4.
52. Details of quantity of each hazardous chemical Details are covered under table 2.5 of
(including solvents) to be stored, Material of Chapter-2 from page no. 2.5 to 2.6.
Construction(MoC) of major hazardous
chemical storage tanks, dyke details, threshold Details are covered under topic 8.4.2. (H) of
storage quantity as perschedules of the Chapter-8 from page no. 8.16 to 8.17.
Manufacture, Storage & Import of Hazardous

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
Chemicals Rules of major hazardouschemicals, Details are covered under table 6.14 of
size of the biggest storage tank to be provided Chapter-6 from page no. 6.24 to 6.27.
for each raw material & product etc. How
themanual handling of the hazardous chemicals
will be minimized?
53. Details of the separate isolated storage area for Details are covered under topic 6.5 of
flammable chemicals. Details of flame proof Chapter-6 from page no. 6.25 to 6.29.
electricalfittings, DCP extinguishers and other
safety measures proposed. Detailed fire control
plan for flammablesubstances and processes
showing hydrant pipeline network, provision of
DG Sets, fire pumps, jockeypump, toxic gas
detectors etc.
54. Submit checklist in the form of Do’s & Don’ts Details are covered under topic 6.5.6 of
of preventive maintenance, strengthening of Chapter-6 from page no. 6.29 to 6.31.
HSE,manufacturing utility staff for safety
related measures.
55. Detailed five year greenbelt development Details are covered under topic 8.4.2. (F) of
program including annual budget, planning Chapter-8 from page no. 8.15 to 8.16.
schedule, species,width of plantations, number
of trees to be planted, area under green belt
development [with map],budgetary outlay etc.
along with commitment of the management to
carry out the tree plantation activitiesoutside the
premises at appropriate places in the nearby
areas and elsewhere.
56. Action plan for the greenbelt development – Details are covered under topic 8.4.2. (F) of
species, width of plantations, planning schedule, Chapter-8 from page no. 8.15 to 8.16.
etc., inaccordance to CPCB published guidelines
57. Detailed socio-economic development measures Details are covered under Chapter-7 from
including community welfare program most page no. 7.1 to 7.2.
useful in theproject area for the overall
improvement of the environment. Submit a
detailed plan for social corporateresponsibilities,
with appropriate budgetary provisions for the
next five years and activities proposed to
becarried out; specific to the current
demographic status of the area.
58. (a) Does the company have a well laid down Environment and quality policy is attached
Environment Policy approved by its Board of as an Annexure-X.
Directors? If so,it may be detailed in the EIA
report. (b). Does the Environment Policy Details are covered under topic 8.3 of
prescribe for standard operatingprocess / Chapter-8 from page no. 8.1 to 8.2.
procedures to bring into focus any infringement
/ deviation / violation of the environmental
orforest norms / conditions ? If so, it may be
detailed in the EIA.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 1. 18


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
59. What is the hierarchical system or Details are covered under topic 8.3 of
administrative order of the company to deal with Chapter-8 from page no. 8.1 to 8.2.
the environmentalissues and for ensuring
compliance with the EC conditions. Details of
this system may be given.
60. Does the company have a system of reporting of Details are covered under topic 8.3 of
non compliances / violations of environmental Chapter-8 from page no. 8.1 to 8.2.
norms to the Board of Directors of the company
and / or shareholders or stakeholders at large?
This reportingmechanism should be detailed in
the EIA Report.
61. Phase wise project implementation schedule Details are covered under topic 8.6 of
with bar chart and time frame, in terms of site Chapter-8 from page no. 8.29 to 8.30.
development, infrastructure provision, EMS
implementation etc.
62. Certificate of accreditation issued by the High court stay order is attached as an
NABET, QCI to the environmental consultant Annexure-XI
should beincorporated in the EIA Report.
63. An undertaking by the Project Proponent on the Under taking by project propoenent is
ownership of the EIA report as per the attached as an Annexure-VII.
MoEF&CC OMdated 05/10/2011 and an
undertaking by the Consultant regarding the Under taking by consultant is attached as an
prescribed TORs have beencomplied with and Annexure-XIV.
the data submitted is factually correct as per the
MoEF&CC OM dated 04/08/2009.
64. In case of Expansion of the project h. Details are covered under topic 2.2 of
h. Need for the proposed expansion should be Chapter-2 on page no. 2.1.
justified in detail. i. Detals of Show causenotices, closure
i. Records of any legal breach of Environmental etc and their reply are given in table no.
laws i.e. details of show- cause notices, closure 8.16 of chapter-8 on page no. 8.27.
notices etc. served by the GPCB to the existing j. Not applicable
unit in last five years and actions taken then k. Not applicable
afterfor prevention of pollution. l. Copy of CCA and copliance are
j. Copies of Environmental Clearances obtained attached as an Annexure-I.
for the existing plant, its point wise compliance m. Not applicable
report. n. Copies of inspection reports with
k. Environmental audit reports for last 3 years analysis reports of water/air/hazardous
and compliance of its waste and copies of instruction issued
recommendations/Suggestions. are attached as an Annexure-XIII.
(Include latest audit report and its compliance.)
l. Copy of Consent to Operate (CC&A) obtained
along with point wise compliance status of all
theconditions stipulated therein.
m. Compliance of MoEFCC circulars vide No:
J-11011/618/2010-IAII(I) dated 30/05/2012 and
J-11013/41/2006-IA-II(I) dated 20/10/2009.
n. Copies of XGN generated Inspection reports

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Terms of Reference Topic Covered Under


No.
with analysis reports of the water/Air/Hazardous
samples collected by GPCB (Last 2 year).
Copies of instructions issued by GPCB in last 2
yearand point wise compliance thereof.
65. In case of project is located in Ankleshwar- Proposed expansion will be carried out in
Panoli, Vatva-Narol& Vapi GIDC. GIDC Nandesari.
(B) Compliance of MOEFCC’s OM no. J-
11013/5/2010-IA.II (I) dated 25/11/2016
regarding lifting ofmoratorium on the
consideration of projects for environmental
clearance.
(C) Compliance of direction under section 18 (1)
(b) of the Water (Prevention and Control of
Pollution)act, 1974 issued by CPCB dated
31/03/2016 regarding compliance of CETP.
f) Action initiated by GPCB, if any, against
proposed unit regarding non-compliance of
prescribedstandards under the various
environmental laws.
g) Performance of CETP with respect to current
hydraulic load & prescribed standards with No
Objection Certificate of CETP regarding
incorporation of the proposed unit for
acceptance ofwaste water.
h) Performance of TSDF site with respect to
current load & prescribed standards with No
Objection Certificate of TSDF site regarding
incorporation of the proposed unit for
acceptance ofhazardous waste to the common
infrastructure.
i) Copies of quarterly action report taken for the
above points submitted to the CPCB.
j) Report of GPCB which have conducted
monitoring as per the said direction by CPCB
dated 31/03/2016.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 1. 20


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

CHAPTER -2
PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2.1 TYPE OF PROJECT


M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt.Ltd are already engaged in manufacturing of organic Pharmaceutical at plot
41/B-5,B-6 GIDC Estate, Behind Ashok organic , Nandesari, Dist. Vadodara, Gujarat. The Unit is having
valid Consolidated Consent & Authorization (CC&A) from Gujarat Pollution Control Board vide CC&A
order no.: AWH-68944 with validity up to 11/01/2020 for manufacturing of Organic pharmaceutical. As
per the EIA Notification, September 2006, the project falls under category 5(f) of the schedule.
2.2 NEED FOR THE PROJECT
Demand & supply gap is huge for the export market since products are generic in nature. Inventors of
generic products stop manufacturing & they prefer to import from Indian market. Demand for an organic
pharmaceuticalsareincreasing at the rate of almost 28- 30 % during last three years. During the year 2017,
pharmaceutical industry growth is expected to remain 21% & in terms of value to reach US $ 17 Billion.
Average export of organic pharmaceuticalsfrom India remains more than 50%. The products are highly
influenced by the market demand. In Pharma industries, Introduction of newer molecules with better
performance and less side effects are introduced from time to time and hence it is essential for the project
proponent to put up a multi-product facility so that the changing demand is met and can have a positive
impact over lives globally. The products vary across therapeutic segments asAnti-Epileptic, Anti
Convulsant, Anti-Hypertensive, Anti Parkisonion and R&D products have been considered. The complete
environmental assessment has been done considering the worst case scenario and to ensure minimal
impact on environment.
2.3 PRODUCTS AND RAW MATERIAL DETAILS
2.3.1 DETAILS OF PRODUCT
Total production capacity after expansion of the unit will be72 MT/Month. The list of the products and
their chemical names are given below in Table no. 2.1.
TABLE: 2.1
LIST OF PRODUCTS AND THEIR CHEMICAL NAME
Sr. Range of Representative CAS Number Chemical Name
No. Segment Products
1 Anti-Epileptic, Valproic acid and its 99-66-1 2-propylpentanoic acid
Anti pharmaceutically
Convulsant acceptable salts
2 Anti-Epileptic, Carbamazepine 298-46-4 5H-dibenzo[b,f]azepine-5-
Anti And/or CarboxamideAnd/or10,11-Dihydro-

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Range of Representative CAS Number Chemical Name


No. Segment Products
Convulsant Oxcarbamazepine 28721-07-5 10-oxo-5h-dibenz[b,f]azepine-5-
carboxamide
3 Anti- Propranolol HCl and 525-66-6 (±)-1-Isopropylamino-3-(1-
Hypertensive other β-blockers naphthyloxy)-2-propanol hydrochloride
4 Anti- Finofibrate 49562-28-9 Propan-2-yl 2-{4-[(4-
Hypertensive chlorophenyl)Carbonyl]phenoxy}-2-
methylpropanoate
5 Anti-Epileptic, Levosulpiride 23672-07-3 N-[[(2S)-(−)-1-ethylpyrrolidin-2-
Anti yl]methyl]-2-methoxy-5-
Convulsant sulfamoylbenzamide
6 Anti Biperiden HCl 514-65-8 alpha-Bicyclo(2.2.1)hept-5-en-2-yl-
Parkisonion alpha-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol

2.3.2 DETAILS OF RAW MATERIAL


The raw materials will be stored in a secured area. The solvents will be stored separately from other raw
materials.The list of name of raw materials for each representative product is provided in Table no. 2.2.
Details of solvents used are given in Table no. 2.3 and details ofsolvents to be used and recovered are
given in Table no. 2.4.
TABLE: 2.2
LIST OF RAW MATERIALS CONSUMPTION
Sr. Name of Product Production Name of Raw material
No. quantity in Raw material consumption
MT/Month quantity in
MT/Month
1 Valproic acid and its 50 Diethyl DipropylMalonate 100
pharmaceutically (DEDPM)
acceptable salts Sodium hydroxide 62
Iso propyl alcohol 5
Sulphuric acid 78
Total 245
2. Carbamazepine 8 Imino Stilbene Carbonyl
Chloride (ISBCC) 11.2
Ammonia 3.2
Methanol 2.3
Acetone 0.57
Charcoal 0.12
Total 17.39
3. Propranolol HCl and 5 1-naphthol 0.3
other β-blockers Epichlorohydrin 0.39
Sodium hydroxide 0.1

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Isopropyl alcohol 0.45


Isopropyl amine 0.25
IPA-HCl 0.3
Toluene 0.3
Charcoal 0.03
Total 2.12
4. Fenofibrate 5 4-chloro-4’-hydroxyl 4.15
benzophenone
Isopropyl-2-bromo isobutyrate 8.35
Isopropyl alcohol 1.5
Potassium carbonate 3.45
Catalyst 0.05
Charcoal 0.15
Total 17.65
5. Levosulpiride 2 Mono ethylene glycol 1.4
2-methoxy-5 sulphomyl methyl 1.6
benzoate
( S-) 1 –ethyl-2- 0.84
aminomethylpyrolindine
Total 3.84
6. Biperiden HCl 0.415 1-BICYCLO HEPTENYL-1-
PHENYL-3-
0.38
PIPERIDINOPROPANOL
CRUDE
Isopropyl alcohol 0.84
Charcoal 0.004
Isopropyl alcohol. HCl 0.19
Total 1.4
7. R&D 1
Total 287.4
TOTAL 71.415

TABLE: 2.3
DETAILS OF SOLVENTS TO BE STORED FOR PROJECT
Sr. Name of solvents Quantity to be
No. stored on project
site
1. Iso Propyl alcohol 3KL
2. Methanol 10 KL
3. Acetone 8 KL
4. IPA-HCl 10 KL
5. Toluene 5 KL
6. Mono Ethylene Glycol 3 KL
7. Epichlorohydrin 3KL

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

TABLE: 2.4
DETAILS OF SOLVENTS TO BE USED AND RECOVERED
Solvent
Product Solvent
Sr. Name of Name of Representative Name of Solvent Recovered Percentage
Quantity in Quantity in
No. Segment Product used Quantity in Recovery
MT/Month MT/Month
MT/Month
Valproic acid and its
Anti-Epileptic, pharmaceutically
1. 50 -- -- -- --
Anti Convulsant acceptable salts

Carbamazepine Methanol 41.14 36.57 88.89


Anti-Epileptic,
2. And/or 8
Anti Convulsant Acetone 57.14 54.86 96
Oxcarbamazepine
Epichlorohydrin 3.82 1.76 95*
Anti- Propranolol HCl and
3. 5 Toluene 14.71 13.53 92
Hypertensive other β-blockers
IPA-HCl 2.94 2.65 90

Anti-
4. Finofibrate 5 IPA 18.75 18.05 96.27
Hypertensive

Anti-Epileptic,
Levosulpiride Mono Ethylene
5. Anti 2 5 4.86 97.2
Glycol
Convulsant

Anti
6. Biperiden HCl 0.415 IPA 0.84 0.83 99.18
Parkisonion

*Note-Epichlorohydrin is also used as reactant. (Quantity 1.88 MT/5 Ton of production)

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

2.3.2.1 RAW MATERIAL STORAGE AND HANDLING


The details of storage and handling of product, raw material and by-product are given in Table no.2.5.
TABLE: 2.5
DETAILS OF STORAGE OF PRODUCT AND RAW MATERIALS

Capacity of Capacity to
Product/Raw Type of
State MOC the container be stored at
material Container
in MT site
PRODUCT
Valproic acid and Valproic
Fibre drums,
its acid in liquid
HDPE drums, Fibre/HDPE 25 kgs 8 MT
pharmaceutically and salts as
and Jerry cans
acceptable salts solids
Carbamazepine
And/or Solids Drums Fibre/HDPE 25 kgs 1.5 MT
Oxcarbamazepine
Propranolol HCl
and other β- Solids Drums Fibre/HDPE 25 kgs 1.5 MT
blockers
Finofibrate Solids Drum Fibre/HDPE 25 kgs 0.5 MT
Levosulpiride Solids Drum Fibre/HDPE 5,10, 25 kgs 0.25 MT
Biperiden HCl Solids Drums Fibre/HDPE 1 kg to 20 kg 0.05 MT
RAW MATERIALS
Maximum
Type of Capacity of Capacity to
Raw material State MOC
Container container be stored at
site
Diethyl Dipropyl
Liquid Drums HDPE 200 kgs 16 MT
Malonate
Sodium hydroxide Solid Bags Plastic 50 kgs 15 MT
Isopropyl alcohol
Liquid Drums HDPE 160 kgs 3 MT
(IPA)
Sulphuric Acid Liquid Tank 10 MT 10 MT
Imino Stilbene
Solid Drums Fibre 20 kgs 3 MT
Carbonyl Chloride
Ammonia Gas Cylinder Metal 80 kgs 0.35 MT
Methanol Liquid Drums HDPE 160 kgs 8 MT
Acetone Liquid Drums HDPE 160 kgs 8 MT
Activated Carbon Solid Bags Plastic 25 kgs 0.1 MT
1-naphthol Solid Bags Plastic 50 kgs 1 MT
Epichlorohydrin Liquid Drums HDPE 200 kgs 1 MT
Isopropyl amine Liquid Drums HDPE 150 kgs 1 MT
IPA-HCl Liquid Tank Metal 10 MT
Toluene Liquid Drums Metal 160 kgs 5 MT

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 2. 5


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Capacity of Capacity to
Product/Raw Type of
State MOC the container be stored at
material Container
in MT site
4-chloro-4’-
hydroxyl Solid Drums Fibre 25 kgs 0.2 MT
benzophenone
Isopropyl-2-bromo
Solid Drums Fibre 25 kgs 0.1 MT
isobutyrate
Potassium
Solid Bags Plastic 20 kgs 0.1 MT
Carbonate
Catalyst Solid Drums Fibre 25 kgs 0.1 MT
Mono ethylene
Liquid Drums HDPE 200 kgs 200 kgs
glycol
2-methoxy-5-
sulphonyl methyl Solid Drums Fibre 25 kgs 0.1 MT
benzoate
(S-)1-ethyl-2-
aminomethylpyroli Solid Drums Fibre 25 kgs 0.1 MT
ndine

2.3.3 TRANSPORTATION OF RAW MATERIALS AND FINISHED PRODUCTS


The raw materials and finished goods will be transported through tankers and trucks. There is well
developed road structure in GIDC, Dahej. No additional road infrastructure will be required for
transportation. The raw material source will be standard manufacturer or supplier. Indicative list along
with mode of transportation is included in Table no. 2.6.
TABLE: 2.6
DETAILS OF RAW MATERIAL SOURCE AND METHOD OF TRANSPORTATION
Sr. Name of Mode of Type of
Source
No. Raw Material Transport Container

1 Diethyl Dipropyl Malonate Truck Bags Chemclone industries, Ahmedabad

2 Sodium hydroxide Tempo Bags Sapan traders, Vadodara


3 Isopropyl alcohol (IPA) Truck Drums Vrij chemicals, Vadodara
4 Sulphuric Acid Tanker Chemclone Industries, Ahmedabad
Imino Stilbene Carbonyl
5 Tempo Drums Import from China
Chloride
6 Ammonia Truck Cylinder Shakti Ammonia, Nandesari
7 Methanol Truck Drums Sapan traders, Vadodara
8 Acetone Truck Drums Vrij chemicals, Vadodara
9 Activated Carbon Tempo Bags Sapan traders, Vadodara
10 1-naphthol Tempo Bags Vrij chemicals, Vadodara
11 Epichlorohydrin Tempo Drums Vrij Chemicals, Vadodara
12 Isopropyl amine Tempo Drums Vrij Chemicals, Vadodara
13 IPA-HCl Tanker Sapan traders, Vadodara

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 2. 6


 
EIA
A OF M/S. ROAQ
R CHEM
MICALS PV
VT LTD., G
GIDC NAND
DESARI, VA
ADODARA
A

Sr. Name of Mode of Typ


pe of
Source
No. Raw Ma
aterial Transp
port Conttainer
14 Toluene Temp
po Druums Sapan tradders, Vadodaara
4-chloro-4’-hydroxyl
15 Temp
po Druums Cheemclone induustries, Ahm
medabad
benzoph henone
Isopropyl--2-bromo
16 Temp
po Druums Cheemclone induustries, Ahm
medabad
isobuty yrate
17 Potassium Carbonate
C Temp
po Baags Sapan Tradders, Vadodara
18 Catallyst Temp
po Druums M
ModyPharmmachem, Mum mbai
19 Mono ethylene glycol Temp
po Drum
ms Vrij chemiicals, Vadoddara
2-methoxy-5
2 5-sulphonyl
20 Temp
po Druums Cheemclone Inddustries, Ahm
medabad
methyl benzoate
(S-)1-etthyl-2-
21 Temp
po Druums Cheemclone induustries, Ahm
medabad
aminomethyl
a lpyrolindine
2..4 PROCES
SS DESCRIIPTION
T
The unit will adopt latestt and best teechnology available so ffar in the m
market. Moreeover, the unnit is very
coonscious ab
bout the pro
oduct qualitty and equaally about the environnmental protection and resource
coonservation; and hence they put theeir efforts fo
or replacing/
g/upgrading ttheir plant aand machineeries from
time to time with
w the besst available technology.
t The unit’s pprocesses arre efficient aand are tailoor made to
reeduce the efffluent as weell as are baased on greeen chemistryy wherever possible.Susstainable Coompetitive
A
Advantage in
n the bulk Drug
D industrry can be atttained mainnly by way oof continuouus product & process
innnovations.
E
EXISTING PRODUCT
P MANUFAC
CTURING PROCESS
SODIUM VA
ALPROATE
E IP/BP, PRO
OPRANOLO
OL HCl IP/B
BP/USP, ME
ETHOCARB
BAMOL USP
P
1)) VALPROIC ACID
M
Manufacturiing process and chemiccal reaction
Stage-I
Inn a SS 316
6 reactor, ch
harge diethy
yl dipropylm
malonate annd isopropyyl alcohol. T
To this, addd sodium
hyydroxide solution. Heatt the mixture to reflux and continuue reflux unttil the reactiion is compplete. Add
puurified waterr to the reacttion mixturee. Distill out water and allcohol. Cooll to room tem
mperature.

Stage-II Acid
dification

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T
Treatment of acidic wastee
 To thee acidic wastte, solution of
o soda ash is
i added to bbring pH uptto 9.
 To thiis a small am
mount of alum
m is added to
o bring pH tto 7.
 It is th
hen filtered and
a discharg
ged as effluen
nt.

C
Conversion of Dipropyl malonic
m acid
d to Valproicc acid
T
The obtained pyl malonic acid are traansferred to a glass linned reactor. It is then
d precipitates of Diprop
heeated to rem
move carbon
n dioxide. After
A complete removall of carbon dioxide, thee reaction m
mixture is
coooled and filltered to obtaain 2-Propyll pentanoic acid.
a Upon ddistillation, ppure Valproic acid is obttained.

Stage-III Sod
dium Valproate

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Inn the reactorr add valpro


oic acid and water. Slow
wly add sodiium hydroxiide solution to the reacttion mass.
A
Allow to stir.. Check for completion of reaction. Filter the soolution Distiil out 30% w
water and transfer the
reeaction masss to evaporatting pan Evaaporate to ob
btain crystalss Mill and drry to obtain ssodium valpproate.
M
MATERIAL
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E

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2.) PROPRANOLOL HCl IP/BP/USP


Manufacturing process:
Stage-1
Dissolve 1- naphthol in alkaline solution. Slowly add epichlorohydrin to the reaction mass. After
completion of addition, reflux for stipulated time. Check for completion of reaction by TLC. Distill out
excess of epichlorohydrin. To the obtained reaction mass give 3*100 lt wash of D.M water. Separate out
the organic layer (epoxy compound).
Stage-2
Dissolve epoxy compound from stage 1 in isopropyl alcohol. Slowly add isopropyl amine to the reaction
mixture. Stirr for stipulated time. After complete crystalization, filter out excess of isopropyl amine and
isopropyl alcohol. Add the reaction mass to water. Filter to obtain propranolol base.
Stage-3
Dissolve propranolol base in toluene. Add charcoal and heat to 70˚C. Filter to remove charcoal. To the
filtrate add IPA-HCl and still. Filter out the precipitates and dry to obtain propranolol hydrochloride.
Chemical Reaction
Stage-1

Stage-2

Stage-3
OH

O CHOHCHNHCH(CH3)2 OCH2CHCH2NHCH(CH3)2

HCl

HCl

Propranolol Base

M.W: 244.31 Propranolol hydrochloride hydrogen chloride


M.W: 274.38 M.W: 36.46

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Material Ballance

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2)) CARBAM
MAZEPINE
P
Process Desccription
Stage-1
D
Dissolve ISBCC (Iminostilbene carbo
onyl chlorid
de) in Methaanol. Add am
mmonia to thhe Solution, check for
coompletion of reaction. Distil
D out meethanol undeer vacuum. Add 2000 ltt water and disperse thee product.
Filter the prod
duct.
Stage-2
A
Add crude caarbamazepinee to acetone and water mixture
m and allow dissollving. Heat tto 55˚C. Addd charcoal
annd stir for desired
d time period. Filteer to removee charcoal. C
Collect the ffiltrate and ccool to 0 - 55˚C. Filter
annd dry the prroduct in dyer.
C
Chemical Reeaction:

N
NH 3
N
Cl
o O
H2 N

ISBCC Carbaamazepine
M.W: 226.68 M.W: 223.26

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Material Ballance

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4) FENOFIBRATE
PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Charge Isopropyl alcohol, 4-chloro-4’-hydroxyl benzophenone, Potassium carbonate and catalyst in the
reactor. Heat the mass Isopropyl -2-bromoisobutyrate. Continue heat till completion of reaction. Cool the
mass. Filter the mass to remove insoluble material. Wet cake purify with charcoal and IPA. Isolate the
product. Dry, and pack as Fenofibrate

CHEMICAL REACTION
O O
Br K+
O + O-
+ K+

O -
O
HO Cl

4-chloro-4'-hydroxyl benzophenone Isopropyl-2-bromo isobutyrate Potassium carbonate

Chemical Formula: C13 H9ClO2 Chemical Formula: C7H1 3BrO2 Chemical Formula: CK 2O3
Molecular Weight: 232.66 Molecular Weight: 209.08 Molecular Weight: 138.21

IPA Cat
Cl

K+ Br-
O
+
O Potassium Bromide
O O
Chemical Formula: BrK
Fenofibrate Molecular Weight: 119.00
Chemical Formula: C20H2 1ClO4
Molecular Weight: 360.83

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5)) LEVOSUL
LPIRIDE
P
PROCESS DESCRIPTI
D ION
C
Charge mon
no ethylene glycol in th
he reactor ,sstart stirringg and chargee slowly 2-m
methoxy-5 ssulphomyl
m
methyl benzo
oate .Add slo
owly and graadually liquiid ( S-) 1 –etthyl-2 aminoomethylpyroolindine withhin 15 -20
m
min. Stirring for 15 min. Start heating and main
ntain till reaaction comppleted. Cool the mass. C
Centrifuge
(F
Filter) it, wash with wateer, dry, and packed
p as Leevosulpiridee.
C
CHEMICAL
L REACTIO
ON

O
O
NH2 O
O MEG
O
+ N
NH
H 2N S O O
N S
N
O O
NH2

(S)-(1-ethylpyrrolidin-2- methyl -5
5-(aminosulf on
nyl)-2- Lev
vosulpiride
yl)methaanamine meth hoxy benzoatee
C
Chemical Formmula: C7H16N 2 Chemical Formula:
F C9H11NO 5S Chemical Fo
ormula: C15H 233N 3O4S
Molecular Weeight: 128.22 Molecu ular Weight: 24
45.25 Moleculaar Weight: 341
1.43

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2..5 RESOUR
RCE REQU
UIREMENT
T
2..5.1 INFRA
ASTRUCTU
URE FACIL
LITIES (LAN
ND)
T
The unit is located at plot
p no. 41//B-5,B-6 GIIDC Estate,, Behind A
Ashok organiic , Nandessari, Dist.
V
Vadodara, Gu
ujarat. The GIDC plot allotment
a do
ocument is atttached as A
Annexure-II. The total pllot area of
thhe unit is 1651.10 sq. m. The greeen belt area will be1665.80sq. m. The plant llayout is atttached as
A
Annexure-III. The Detailss of breakup
p of plot areaa are coveredd under folloowing Table no.2.7.
T
TABLE: 2.7
L
LAND USE BREAK
B UP
P OF TOTA
AL PLOT AREA
A
Sr. Titlee Arrea in m2 % of Totaal
No. Area
1. Admmin building,, QC and R& &D 35.73 02.1664
2. Engiineering & Utility
U Blockk 211.80 12.8228
3. Petro
oleum & Sollvent storagee tank 25.86 01.5666
area
4. ETP area 83.18 05.0338
5. Hazaardous wastee storage areea 16.73 01. 0013
6. Prod
duction area 348.86 21.1229

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Sr. Title Area in m2 % of Total


No. Area
7. Warehouse area 142.95 08.658
8. Green Belt area 165.80 10.042
9. Open Area 620.19 37.562
TOTAL 1651.10 100.000

2.5.2 WATER REQUIREMENT


As per consent
The source of water is GIDC Nandesari. In the existing scenario, the unit is using 4.4KLD fresh water for
industrial and domestic purpose.
Proposed scenario
For proposed expansion, the unit has proposed 41 KLD of water consumption. The total fresh water
consumption after expansion will be 45.4 KLD. Water letter is attached as an Annexure-V.
The unit will use total water of 45.4 KL/Day after proposed expansion. Stream wise bifurcation of water
consumption is covered in following Table no.2.8.
TABLE: 2.8
DETAILS OF WATER CONSUMPTION
Sr. Category Existing Proposed Total water
No. water water consumption
consumption consumption in in KL/day
in KL/day KL/day
1. Domestic 0.4 2.5 2.9
2. Industrial
2.1 Process 0.5 23 23.5
2.2 Washing 0.5 2 2.5
2.3 Cooling 2 1 3
2.4 Boiler 1 11.5 12.5
3 Gardening 0 1 1
Total (Industrial) 4 38.5 42.5
Total (Domestic + 4.4 41
45.4
Industrial)

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FIGURE: 2.1
EXISTING WATER BALANCE DIAGRAM IN KLD
G.I.D.C (4.4KL/day)

PROCESS WASHING BOILER COOLING DOMESTIC


0.5 KL/day 0.5 KL/day 1KL/day 2KL/day 0.4KL/day

Effluent
0.48KL/day BLOW DOWN BLOW DOWN
0.47 KL/day 0.25 KL/day

SOAKPIT
0.4 KL/day
E.T.P
1.2 KL/day

C.E.T.P
1.2 KL/day

FIGURE: 2.2
PROPOSED WATER BALANCE DIAGRAM IN KLD

G.I.D.C (42.4 KL/day)

PROCESS GARDENING COOLING BOILER WASHING DOMESTIC


23.5 KL/day 1 KL/day 3 KL/day 12.5KL/day 2.5KL/day 2.9KL/day

Effluent
28.48 KL/day

BLOW DOWN BLOW DOWN


1KL/day 2.25 KL/day
SOAKPIT
1.4 KL/day

E.T.P
35.6 KL/day

C.E.T.P
35.6 KL/day

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2.5.3 ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The energy requirement in terms of power and fuel for proposed unit is shown in following Table no. 2.9.
TABLE: 2.9
FUEL & ENERGY REQUIREMENT
Sr.
Particulars Existing Proposed Total Remark
No.
Will be met through
1. Electricity 50 HP 50 HP 100 HP
MGVCL company
200
2. Boiler MMBTU/ 2000
2200 MMBTU Will be met through
Month MMBTU/
Month Adani Gas
Thermo pack Month
3. --
(1 MT/Day)
4. LDO 10 Lit./Hr. -- 10 Lit./Hr. Local Dealer

2.5.3.1 DETAILS OF ENERGY DISTRIBUTION/UTILISATION


Details of energy distribution are covered in Table no. 2.10.
TABLE: 2.10
ENERGY DISTRIBUTION
Sr. Name of Equipments Existing Proposed Total
No. Connected Connected (HP)
Electricity Electricity
(HP) (HP)
1 SS Reactors 10 10 20
2 GLR Reactors 0 6 6
3 Centrifuges 5 5 10
4 Dryers 10 - 10
5 AHU 5 5 10
6 HVAC - 3 3
7 Transfer pump - 2 2
8 Vacuum Pump 6 - 6
9 Scrubber - 3 3
10 ETP 6 3 9
11 Boiler 4 8 12
12 Chiller - 3 3
13 Cooling Tower 6 - 6
14 Air compressor - 2 2
15 PD Lab & QC - 1 1
16 Administration - 1 1
Total 52 52 104*
*Note- 100 HP is the required energy, thus 104 HP is calculated as and when all the equipment and machinery are functioning,
but at once only 100 HP will be used.

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2.5.4 UTILITIES
For the proposed project the utilities to be installed will be Cooling tower, Boiler, Scrubber and chiller
etc. Details of utilities services required for the proposed project aregiven in following Table no.2.11.
TABLE: 2.11
DETAILS OF UTILITIES
Sr. Name of Utilities Capacity Quantity MOC Remark
No.
Existing
1. Boiler -- 1 MS Natural Gas
2. Cooling tower 400 TR 1 MS/FRP --
3. Vacuum pump 100 M3/Hrs 1 MS --
Proposed
4. Boilers 1 MT 2 MS Natural Gas
5. Thermopack 2,00,000 kcal 1 MS Natural Gas
6. Chilling plant 40 TR 1 MS --
7. Cooling tower 400 TR 2 MS/FRP --
8. Air compressor 100 CFM 1 MS --
3
9. Vacuum pump 100 M /Hrs 1 MS --
3
10. Vacuum pump 50 M /Hrs 2 MS --

2.5.5 MANPOWER
The manpower required for the project as well as during the construction/ commissioning activities will
be employed from the local area. The man power requirement is shown in Table no. 2.12.
TABLE: 2.12
MAN POWER REQUIREMENT
Phase of project Type of labor No. of workers No. of workers
(Existing Scenario) (Proposed Scenario)
During construction
Contractual 0 25
During commissioning
Contractual 0 25
During operations
Managerial 2 4
Skilled 6 10
Un-skilled 15 20
2.5.6 EQUIPMENTS/MACHINERIES
The list of equipments/machineries likely to be installed at the proposed site is given in Table no. 2.13.
TABLE: 2.13
DETAILS OF MAJOR EQUIPMENTS/MACHINERIES
Sr. Name of Equipment Capacity MOC Existing Proposed Total
No. Quantity Quantity Quantity
1 SS Reactors 50 KL SS 316 3 KL 47 KL 50 KL
2 Glass Line Reactors 10 KL MS-Glass 0.5 KL 9.5 KL 10 KL
Lined
3 Centrifuge SS 316

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4 Dryer 200 lts SS 316 80 lts 120 lts 200 lts


5 Multi mill SS 316 100 kg/hr - 100 kg/hr
6 Sifter 100 kg/hr SS 316 100 kg/hr - 100 kg/hr
7. Heat Exchangers SS 316 - - -
8 Measure vessels -- -- -- -- --
9 Receivers 400 lts SS 316 100 lts 300 lts 400 lts
2.6 POLLUTION POTENTIAL SCENARIO
The details of pollution generation in terms of effluent generation, sewage generation, flue gas emission,
process emission and hazardous waste generation are covered in this section.
2.6.1 EFFLUENT AND SEWAGE GENERATION
As per consent
As per consent, the industrial effluent generation is 1.2 KLD and sewage generation is 0.4 KLD. Existing
effluent is treated in ETP having primary treatment. Treated water is sent to CETP.
Proposed scenario
Due to proposed expansion, additional total industrial effluent generation will be 33 KLD. Hence, after
expansion total industrial effluent generation will be 34.2 KLD (1.2 KLD existing + 33 KLD proposed).
Due to proposed expansion, additional sewage generation will be 1 KLD. Hence, after expansion sewage
generation will be 1.4 KLD (0.4 KLD + 1 KLD). Existing and proposed effluent will be treated in unit’s
own proposed ETP consisting of hydrodynamic cavitation treatment and then sent to CETP. Wastewater
discharge letter is attached as an Annexure-VI.
The details of waste water generation and qualitative and quantitative analysis of each waste stream
aregiven in following Table no.2.14 and Table no. 2.15. The proposed water balance diagram is shown in
Figure no. 2.1.
TABLE: 2.14
DETAILS OF WASTE WATER GENERATION
Sr. Category Existing water Proposed water Total water
No. consumption in consumption in consumption in
KL/day KL/day KL/day
1. Domestic
1.1 Domestic 0.4 1 1.4
2. Industrial
2.1 Process 0.48 28 28.48
2.2 Washing 0.47 2 2.47
2.3 Cooling 0 1 1
2.4 Boiler 0.25 2 2.25
Total 1.2 33 34.2
(Industrial )
Total (Domestic + 1.6 34 35.6
Industrial )

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TABLE: 2.15
PRODUCT WISE POLLUTION LOAD BASED ON WORST CASE SCENARIO
Effluent
Products
generati Analysis of important parameter
Sr. Name of Quantity
Group on
No. Products
BOD
COD in COD in BOD in TSS in TSS in TDS in TDS in
TPM KL PD pH in
mg/L Kg/day mg/L mg/L Kg/day mg/L Kg/day
Kg/day
Valproic acid
and its
Anti-Epileptic, 12919.97 169.48 4421.66 5.80 106.00 0.14 2759.57 36.20
1 pharmaceuticall 50 11.81 1-2
Anti Convulsant
y acceptable
salts
Carbamazepine
Anti-Epileptic, And/or 4.5- 16640.57 233.54 5721.86 8.03 152.00 0.21 10335.76 145.05
2 8 1.40
Anti Convulsant Oxcarbamazepi 5.5
ne
Propranolol
Anti- 8298.21 979.92 2921.07 34.49 198.00 2.34 58434.72 6900.45
3 HCl and other 5 1.31 2-3
Hypertensive
β-blockers
Anti- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 00 0.00 0.00 0.00
4 Fenofibrate 5 0 --
Hypertensive
Anti-Epileptic, 54576.92 32.75 18327.31 1.10 98.00 0.01 0.00 0.00
5 Levosulpiride 2 0.06 5-6
Anti Convulsant
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 43.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
6 Anti Parkisonion Biperiden HCl 0.415 0 --
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
R & D products -- 1 -- --

Total 71.415 11.58 92435.67 1415.69 31391.89 49.42 762.00 2.70 71530.04 7081.71

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TABLE: 2.16
DETAILS OF WASTE WATER GENERATION WITH QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF EACH WASTE
STREAM BASED ON WORST CASE SCENARIO
Sr. Source of Waste Quantity Quality Effluent load
No. Water in in Kg/day at
Generation KL/Day ETP
1. Boiler blow 2.25 pH:8-9.5 --
down TSS:50-100 mg/L 22.5
COD:50-80 mg/L 0.18
TDS: 2000-2500 mg/L 5.62
2. Cooling Tower 1 pH:8-9.5 --
blow down TSS:50-100 mg/L 0.1
COD:100-300mg/L 0.3
TDS: 1500-2500 mg/L 2.5
3. Washing 2.47 pH:4-9 --
TSS:100-200 mg/L 0.49
COD:1500-2500 mg/L 6.17
TDS: 2000-3000 mg/L 7.41
4. Process 28.48 pH:4-6 --
TSS:40-160 mg/L 4.55
COD:2000-16393 mg/L 1415.69
TDS: 40-2000 mg/L 56.96
Effluent treatment plant has been designed considering following parameters:
pH: 4-9
TSS: 200 mg/L
TDS: 5000 mg/L
COD: 20000 mg/L
This will ensure adequate treatment with any variation in COD load.

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2.6.2 GASEOUS EMISSION


As per CCA order no. AWH- 68944, the unit has one stack of baby boilerhaving 7.62 m height.
Now, the unit has proposed two boilers of 1 TPH each, one thermo pack of 2 lakh Kcal.There is no
process gas emission stack in existing unit.The unit is proposing 1stack from reactor which will be
connected to water scrubber followed by acid scrubber.Details of stack height, fuel consumption, air
pollution control system etc, for flue gas emissionand process gas emission are shown in below Table no.
2.17.and Table no.2.18
TABLE: 2.17
DETAILS OF FLUE GAS EMISSION
Sr. Stack Stack Type Fuel Type of Permissible APCM
No. Attached To Height(M) of Fuel Consumption Emission Limit
EXISTING As Per CCA No.-AWH-68944
1. Baby Boiler * 7.62 LDO 10 Lit/hr PM 150 ---
mg/NM3
SO2 100 PPM
NOx 50 PPM
2. Boiler 20 Natural 200 SPM 150 --
Gas MMBTU/Month mg/NM3
SO2 100 PPM
NOx 50 PPM
Proposed
1. Thermo pack 20 Natural 2000 SPM 150 --
(2 lakh kcal) gas MMBTU/Month mg/NM3
SO2 100 PPM
NOx 50 PPM
2. Boiler 20 Natural SPM 150 --
(1 TPH X 2) gas mg/NM3
SO2 100 PPM
NOx 50 PPM

TABLE 2.18
DETAILS OF PROCESS EMISSION
Sr. Stack Attached To Stack Probable Permissible APCM
No. Height In Pollutant Limit
Meter Emission
EXISTING As Per CCA No.-AWH-68944
There is no process emission from existing unit.
PROPOSED
1. Reactor 20 NH3 175 mg/Nm3 Water scrubber followed
(Carbamazepine) by acid scrubber

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TABLE 2.19
QUANTITY OF AIR POLLUTANTS COMING OUT FROM REACTOR
Sr. Group Product Air Quantity of Quantity of air
No. Pollutant air pollutant after
pollutant scrubber in
coming out MT/day
from
reactor in
MT/day
1. Anti Carbazepamine NH3 0.145 0.01
Convulsant, And/or
Anti Epileptic Oxcarbamezep
ine
Note- The scrubbers are designed for NH3- 0.15 MT/day.

TABLE 2.20
DETAILS OF SCRUBBER SYSTEM
Sr. Name of Units Capacity of Quantity MOC
No. scrubbing media
tank
1 Water Scrubber 2 KL 1 HDPE/PP
FRP
3. Acid Scrubber 1 KL 1 HDPE

TABLE 2.21
FEATURES OF SCRUBBER SYSTEM

Description Details of Scrubber System


Velocity of gas 10 kg/hr 10 kg/hr
Gas flow 10 Kg/Hrs 10 Kg/Hrs
Blower Capacity 75 CFM 75 CFM
Pump Capacity 2500 L/Hrs 2500 L/Hrs
Scrubbing media Water H2SO4
Column diameter 300 mm 300 mm
Column packed height 3M 3M
Total column height 4.5 M 4.5 M

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FIGURE 2.3
DIAGRAM OF WATER SCRUBBER FOLLOWED BY ACID SCRUBBER
Vent

Spray
Spray

Traces of
Ammonia
Ammonia

2 KL Chilled 1 KL H2SO4
Water tank Tank

The scrubbing system consists of primary scrubber (packed column absorber) and secondary scrubber
(packed column absorber) an exhaust blower and scrubbing media circulation via pumps. The vapors
from the process enter the primary scrubber where they are absorbed and converted to liquor ammonia
which will be recycled back to process. The unabsorbed vapors mainly ammonia then enter to the
secondary acid scrubber and the solution which is coming from scrubber is subjected to Effluent treatment
plant completely. Thus, the air leaving from the Secondary Scrubber is clean. The details of scrubber
system and features of scrubber system are given below in Table no. 2.20 and Table no. 2.21.

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2.6.3 HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION

The following type of hazardous waste will be generated from the operational activities. All the waste will
be stored separately in a designated storage area. The details of hazardous waste are given in Table
no.2.22.
TABLE: 2.22
DETAILS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION
Sr. Type of Category Existing Proposed Total Method Of Disposal
Waste CCA No.- Quantity Quantit
No. AWH-68944 per Year y per
Quantity Year
Per Year
1. ETP Sludge 34.4 1MT/Year 15 16MT/Y Collection, Storage,
MT/Year ear Transportation, Disposal at
TSDF of Nandesari
Environment Control
Ltd(NECL).
2. Process 28.1 6MT/Year 54 60 Collection, Storage,
residue MT/year MT/Yea Transportation, Disposal at
(Sodium r By selling to authorized
Bromide end users having
Solution ) permission under rule-9.
3. Carbon 28.2 3.5 MT/Year 2.88 6.38 Collection, Storage,
MT/Year MT/Yea Transportation, Disposal at
r Co-incineration or
common incinerator.
4. Generated 28.6 12 MT/Year 120 132MT/ Collection, Storage,
Solvent MT/Year Year Transportation, Disposal at
By selling to authorized
end users.
5. Discarded 33.3 96 Nos./Year 5000 5096No Collection, Storage, and
Containers Nos./Year s./Year Decontamination within
& Bags. factory premises and sell to
authorized dealer.
6. Used Oil 5.1 -- 50 lit/Year 50 Collection, Storage, and
lit/Year disposal by selling to
registered authorized
recyclers.

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CHAPTER -3

BASELINE ENVIRONMENT STATUS


3.1 INTRODUCTION
It is essential to monitor the environment quality prevailing in the surrounding area before
implementation of the proposed project for assessing the environmental impacts from proposed project.
The Environment status within the study area could be used for identification of significant
environmental issues to be addressed in the impact assessment study.

The impact from an existing industrial project on its surrounding environment are mainly regulated by

 The nature of the pollutants,


 Their quantities discharged to the environment,
 Existing environment quality
 Assimilative capacity of the surrounding environment and
 Topography and terrain of the project site.
In order to identify and establish the extent of likely impacts, it is necessary to gather information on
existing environmental quality relating to various components of the environment.

Primary data were collected for baseline collection. Secondary data were also gathered for remaining
information like meteorological data, Socio-economic data, Ecological data and Land use data. For the
purpose of collection of primary data, study area was selected within 5 km radius taking as project site
as a center which also included towns and villages.

The main factor of local, sub-regional and regional meteorology that influence the air quality in area of
the proposed project are diurnal and seasonal wind pattern and wind direction, humidity ,temperature
etc.

The company is proposing manufacturing plant of new products in the well-developed chemical industrial
state of GIDC, Nandesari, and Dist: Vadodara. Apart from having the benefits of common effluent
treatment plant, common incinerator and common solid waste disposal facility, the estate is well
connected by Road, Rail & Air.
The general locational characteristics and important landmarks in a 5 km radius circle is discussed in table
no. 3.1

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T
TABLE: 3.1
G
GENERAL CHARACT
C TERSTICS IN
I 5 KM RA
ADIUS STU
UDY CIRCLE
Sr. Loccation Dist.
D In km Directiion
No.
1. Projject Site --
- --
2. Fajaalpur 1.60
1 N
3. Nanndesari 0.74
0 N
4. Dhaanora 3.68
3 SE
5. Anaagad 2.70
2 SW
6. Kannvadi 3.33
3 SW
7. Bhaanpura 3.4
3 W
8. San
nkarda 4.40
4 NE
9. Ran
noli 4.31
4 SE

F
FIGURE: 3.1
1
L
LOCATIONNAL MAP WITH
W 5 KM
M STUDY REGION
R

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M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt. Ltd is located in GIDC Estate, Nandesari. For Baseline Study, the monthly
meteorological data for study period from January 2017 to March 2017 is shown at Table no.3.2.

3.2 WINDROSE
Based on the metrological data, wind roses have been prepared for the period between the Januray,
2017 to March 2017. The wind rose prepared from same data is shown at Figure no. 3.3.
TABLE: 3.2
MICRO METEREOLOGICAL DATA
Month -- Temp. Relative Wind Speed Rainfall mm
(°C) Humidity m/sec
(%)
Jan-17 Min 12 11 0.4 0.0
Max 36 75 4.0
Average 23.96 38 2.09
Feb-17 Min 14 7 0.4 0.0
Max 41 84 4.0
Average 28.21 25 2.32
March-17 Min 17 4 0.4 0.0
Max 45 71 4.0
Average 31.58 20 2.26

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F
FIGURE: 3.2
2
W
WIND ROSE E DIAGAR
RM FOR PE
ERIOD OF JANURAY
Y2017 TO M
MARCH 20017

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F
FIGURE: 3.3
3
W
WIND ROSE E DIAGAR
RM FOR PE
ERIOD OF JANURAY
Y 2017 TO M
MARCH 20017 ON SATELITE
IM
MAGE

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F
FIGURE: 3.4
4
W
WIND CLASS FREQU
UENCY DIS
STRIBUTIO
ON DIAGR
RAM
(F
FOR PERIO
OD JANUR
RAY 2017 TO
T MARCH
H 2017)

3..3. AIR ENVIRONME


ENT

3..3.1 AMBIE
ENT AIR QUALITY
Q (AAQ)
(
T
The basic objjective of co
ollection of base line daata for air ennvironment is to identiffy project sp
pecific air
po
ollutants beeing released
d into atmosphere, whiich will havve significannt impact on
n air enviro
onment of
im ocality of the proposed project site. For assesssment of thee baseline d
mmediate lo data it is imp
portant to
sp
pecify the study
s area in
n respect off the locatio
on of the prroposed proj
oject. It wass decided to
o studythe
am
mbient air quality
q at 7 locations in the
t differentt direction inn probable iimpact zone including th
he project
siite.
3..3.1.1 LOCA
ATION OF
F AAQ MON
NITORING
G STATION
NS
A
Ambient air quality
q statiions were ch
hosen consid most prevailing wind
dering the vvarious factoors like the m
diirection, pocckets of hab
bitation, avaailable infraastructure faacilities like power supp
ply, accessib
bility etc.
T
The location of AAQ mo
onitoring stattions are sho
own in Figuure no.3.5 annd Table no. 3.3.

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T
TABLE: 3.3
D
DETAILS OF
O SAMPLIING LOCA
ATION OF AMBIENT
A T AIR QUA
ALITY MON
NITORING
G
Sr. Loca
ation Distancee inKm Direction
D froom District
No. the site
1. Projeect Site (A1) --- -- Vadoddara
2. Fajalppur (A2) 1.6
60 N Vadoddara
3. Sakarrda (A3) 4.3
39 NE Vadoddara
4. Ranooli (A4) 4.4
40 SE Vadoddara
5. Dhan nora (A5) 3.6
63 S Vadoddara
6. Anag gad (A6) 2.7
70 SW Vadoddara
7. Kanv vadi (A7) 3.4
40 SW Anandd
8. Bhannpura (A8) 3.4
40 W Anandd

F
FIGURE: 3.5
5
L
LOCATIONN OF AMBIE
ENT AIR QUALITY
Q MONITORI
M ING STATIIONS

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3.3.1.2 BASE LINE DATA

The ambient air quality monitoring was carried out during period of January, 2017 to March
2017.Monitoring details like location, monitoring date, concentration of pollutants are attached as
Annexure-XI. The frequency of monitoring was twice in a week for a period of 12 weeks to assess the
existing the sub regional air quality status. All the sampling locations were monitored for PM2.5, PM10,
SO2, NOx, NH3 and VOC on 24 hr basis to enable the comparison with ambient air quality standards
prescribed by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
Based on the data obtained through ambient air quality survey statement showing maximum, minimum
average concentration values of different monitoring location in the study area have been computed and
presented at Table no.3.4.
TABLE: 3.4
AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STATUS OF STUDY AREA
Location Max. Value Min. Value Avg. Value
PM 10 µg/M (Permissible Limit : 100 µg/M3)
3

Project Site (A1) 78 64 71


Fajalpur (A2) 76 57 67
Sakarda (A3) 80 64 72
Ranoli (A4) 74 52 63
Dhanora (A5) 76 58 67
Anagad (A6) 85 62 73
Kanvadi (A7) 75 61 68
Bhanpura (A8) 71 57 64
3 3
PM 2.5 µg/M (Permissible Limit : 60 µg/M )
Project Site (A1) 36 21 28
Fajalpur (A2) 37 25 31
Sakarda (A3) 32 23 27
Ranoli (A4) 41 27 34
Dhanora (A5) 36 27 32
Anagad (A6) 35 20 28
Kanvadi (A7) 34 22 28
Bhanpura (A8) 36 23 29
3 3
SO2 µg/m (Permissible Limit :80 µg/m )
Project Site (A1) 26 13 19
Fajalpur (A2) 15 7 11
Sakarda (A3) 19 8 13
Ranoli (A4) 22 14 18
Dhanora (A5) 18 5 12
Anagad (A6) 24 14 19
Kanvadi (A7) 20 11 16

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Location Max. Value Min. Value Avg. Value


Bhanpura (A8) 14 8 11
NOx µg/m3 (Permissible Limit : 80 µg/m3)
Project Site (A1) 25 18 21
Fajalpur (A2) 21 15 18
Sakarda (A3) 18 10 14
Ranoli (A4) 29 14 22
Dhanora (A5) 24 14 19
Anagad (A6) 33 16 25
Kanvadi (A7) 23 16 19
Bhanpura (A8) 18 11 15
3
NH3inµg/m
Project Site (A1) BDL BDL BDL
Fajalpur (A2) BDL BDL BDL
Sakarda (A3) BDL BDL BDL
Ranoli (A4) BDL BDL BDL
Dhanora (A5) BDL BDL BDL
Anagad (A6) BDL BDL BDL
Kanvadi (A7) BDL BDL BDL
Bhanpura (A8) BDL BDL BDL
VOC in ppm
Project Site (A1) 0.7 0.5 0.6
Fajalpur (A2) 0.6 0.4 0.5
Sakarda (A3) 0.7 0.5 0.6
Ranoli (A4) 0.5 0.3 0.4
Dhanora (A5) 0.6 0.4 0.5
Anagad (A6) 0.7 0.5 0.6
Kanvadi (A7) 0.6 0.4 0.5
Bhanpura (A8) 0.5 0.3 0.4
*BDL-Below Detectable Limit (Detectable unit of HCl is 1ppm and Cl2 is 1 ppm)
Based on data obtained, it could be stated that, during the study period the value of PM10 at monitored
locations is ranged between 85-52 μg/m3 while the value PM2.5 fluctuates in the range of 41-20 μg/m3.
The value of SO2 and NOx were observed to be in the range of 26-5 μg/m3 and 33-10 μg/m3 respectively.
The values of NH3 were found Below Detectable Limit. The value of VOC at monitored locations is
ranged between 0.7- 0.3 ppm. The average concentration of PM2.5, SO2 and NOx are within prescribed
limit at all locations.
These concentrations at all AAQM locations were primarily caused by local phenomena including
vehicular movement and natural dusting due to human activities and wind movement.

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3..4 WATER ENVIRONM


MENT
T
There are two
o categories of water en
nvironment:

1)) Ground waater: - accum


mulation in deeper
d strataa of ground aand

2)) Surface waater: - river, drains, canaals, ponds ettc.

Five location
ns were seleected for gro
ound water sampling aand two locations weree selected fo
or surface
w
water sampling. Collecteed samples were analyzzed for drink
nking water quality paraameters likee physico-
ch
hemical paraameters and
d heavy metaals. During study periood, the samppling was do
one for one ttime. The
m
map viewing
g location fo
or sampling points is sh
hown at Figgure no. 3.6 and Figuree no. 3.7.Thee analysis
reesults are preesented at Taableno.3.6 an
nd Tableno.3.7.

F
FIGURE: 3.6
6
L
LOCATIONN OF GROU
UND WATE
ER QUALIT
TY MONIT
TORING ST
TATIONS

W
Where,
Sampling loccation
G
GW1:- Sampple from GID
DC water sup pply (Industtry)
G
GW2:- Sampple from Fajaalpur Village
G
GW3:- Sampple from San
nkarda Villag ge
G
GW4:- Sampple from Ran
noli Village
G
GW5:- Sampple from Anaagad Villagee

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F
FIGURE: 3.7
7
L
LOCATIONN OF SURFA
ACE WATE
ER QUALITY MONIT
TORING ST
TATIONS

Sampling loccation
SW1:- Samplle from Mah
hi River
SW2:- Samplle from Min
ni River
Sampling Method
T
The samples were collectted as per In
ndian standaard (IS: 30255 (part-1) forr ground waater and surfface water
qu
uality assesssment.
A
Analysis Method
T
The analysis method folllowed for th
he measuring
g different pparameters tto evaluate w
water quality
y is given
in
n Table no. 3.5
3

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TABLE: 3.5
METHOD OF ANALYSIS
Sr. Parameters Applicable Standard Detection
No. Method of Analysis Limit
1. Color in Pt. Co. Sc. APH (22nd Edition) Spectrophotometer 1
(analogous to APHA 2120 C) (Platinum Cobalt Method)
2. pH APHA(22nd Edition) 4500 H+ B Electrometric Method 0.01
3. Total hardness APHA(22nd Edition) 2340 C: Page 2 – 37 EDTA 2
(as CaCO3) in mg/l Titrimetric Method
4. Chloride (as Cl) in APHA(22nd Edition) 4500-Cl-B-Argentometric method 1
mg/l
5. TDS in mg/l APHA (22nd Edition) 2540 C Total Dissolved Solid 4
Dried at 180˚C
6. TSS in mg/l APHA (22nd Edition) 2540-D-Total Suspended Solids 4
Dried at 103-1050C
7. Calcium (as Ca) in APHA (22nd Edition) 3500- Ca : B Page 3 – 65 EDTA 2
mg/l Titrimetric Method
8. Magnesium(as Mg) APHA(22nd Edition) – 3500 - Mg : B Page 3 – 84 2
in mg/l Calculation Method
9. Sulphate (as SO4) in APHA (22nd Edition) 4500–SO4-2 E: Page 4-188 1
mg/l Turbidimetric Method/ IS 3025 (Part 24) 1986
(Reaffirmed 1986) Gravimetric Method
10. Alkalinity (as APHA (22nd Edition) – 2320 B: Page 2 – 27 Titration 2
CaCO3) in mg/l Method
11. COD in mg/l APHA(22nd Edition)– 5220 B Open Reflux Method 4
12. BOD in mg/l IS: 3025 (Part – 44) 1993 1
(Reaffirmed 1999)
13. MPN Coliform APHA -9221 C --
Count
14. E.coli APHA- 9221 D (Presence Absence Test) --
15. Nitrate in mg/l Spectrophotometer 1
16. Iron (as Fe) in mg/l By NOVA 60 spectrophotometer (Triazine) 0.01
17. Fluoride (as F) in By NOVA 60 spectrophotometer 0.1
mg/l
18. Residual Free Iodometric method 1
Chlorine in mg/l
19. Sodium in mg/l Flame photo meter --
20. Potassium in mg/l Flame photo meter --
21. Ammonical APHA-4500 N ORGBnC macro and semi-micro 2.8
Nitrogen in mg/l KJELDHAL

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TABLE: 3.6
WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS (GROUNDWATER SOURCES)
Parameter Unit IS 10500 : 1991 Sampling location
Desirable Permissible GIDC water Fajalpur Sakarda Ranoli Anagad
Limit Limit supply (GW2) (GW3) (GW4) (GW5)
(GW1)
pH --- 6.5 – 8.5 6.5 –8.5 7.4 8.45 8.12 7.41 8.50
Color Pt. 5 25 7 6 6 4 8
co.sc
TDS mg/L 500 2000 2674 1093 945 1635 891
TSS mg/L 110 408 131 195 124
Total hardness mg/L 300 600 520 307 227 431 263
(as CaCO3)
Chloride (as Cl) mg/L 250 1000 1080 425 384 298 374
Ammonical mg/L -- -- ND 659 528 45 105
Nitrogen
(As NH3 N)
Calcium mg/L 75 200 68.14 63 45 72 47
(as Ca)
Magnesium mg/L 30 100 101 42 35 49 36
(as Mg)
Iron (as Fe) mg/L 0.3 1 ND ND ND 0.03 ND
Fluoride (as F) mg/L 1 1.5 ND ND ND ND ND
Sodium (as Na) mg/L -- -- 182 353 301 384 275
Potassium (as K) mg/L -- -- 8.9 45 39 27 39
Sulphate mg/L 200 400 257 75 82 95 56
(as SO4)
Nitrate mg/L 45 45 3.82 4.8 9.7 2.5 2.1
Alkalinity mg/L 200 600 310 406 554 554 449
(as CaCO3)
COD mg/L -- -- 8 20 8 ND 8

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Parameter Unit IS 10500 : 1991 Sampling location


Desirable Permissible GIDC water Fajalpur Sakarda Ranoli Anagad
Limit Limit supply (GW2) (GW3) (GW4) (GW5)
(GW1)
BOD mg/L -- -- ND ND ND ND ND
Residual Free mg/L -- -- ND ND ND ND ND
Chlorine
MPN Coli form mg/L 1 10 25 20 18 21 12
Count
E. coli mg/L Absent -- Absent Absent Absent Absent Absent
*ND-Not Detected
Detectable limit for
COD- 4 mg/l
BOD- 1 mg/l
Free Residual Chlorine- 1 mg/l

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TABLE: 3.7
WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS (SURFACE WATER SOURCES)
Parameter Unit IS 10500: 1991 Sampling location
Desirable Permissible SW1 SW2
Limit Limit Mahi Mini River
River
Colour Pt.co.s 5 25 18 25
c
Odour --- Unobjectio -- Unobj. Unobj.
nable
pH --- 6.5 -8.5 6.5-8.5 7.8 8.1
Total hardness mg/L 300 600 160 181
(as CaCO3)
Chloride (as Cl) mg/L 250 1000 100 37
TDS mg/L 500 2000 310 208
TSS mg/L -- -- 173 5.6
Ammonical mg/L -- -- 2 5
nitrogen
Calcium (as Ca) mg/L 75 200 108 36
Magnesium mg/L 30 100 52 22
(as Mg)
Iron mg/L 0.3 1 1.01 1.2
Flouride mg/L 1 1.5 ND ND
Na mg/L -- -- 36 40
K mg/L -- -- 7 9
Sulphate (as SO4) mg/L 200 400 55 67
Nitrate mg/L 45 45 ND 5.1
Alkalinity mg/L 200 600 320 152
(as CaCO3)
COD mg/L -- -- ND 8.0
BOD mg/L -- -- ND 0.3
MPN Coliform mg/L 1 10 8 12
Count
E.coli mg/L Absent -- Absent Absent

3.5 NOISE ENVIRONMENT


To estimate background noise level, noise measurement was done within the study area using the sound
level meter. The locations where noise level measurements were done are shown at Figure no. 3.8. The
result of measurement is given in Table no. 3.9.

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F
FIGURE: 3.8
L
LOCATIONN OF NOISE E MONITO
ORING STA
ATIONS

T
TABLE: 3.8
C
CPCB RECO OMMENDA
ATIONS FO
OR COMM
MUNITY NO
OISE EXPO
OSURE (19889)
Category of area Leq
L (dBA) (Day( Time) Ldn (dBA A) (Night T
Time)
(06:00
( to21::00 Hrs.) (21:00 too 06:00 Hrs..)
Industrial area 75 70
Commerciial Area 65 55
Residentiaal Area 55 45
Silence Zoone 50 40

T
TABLE: 3.9
N
NOISE LEVVEL DATA
Sr. Loca
ation Area Category LEQ (dB ((A))
No. Day Time Night T
Time
1. Project Site (N1) Industtrial 53-72 45-553
2. Sank karda (N2) Resideential 55-60 44-552
3. Dhan nora (N3) Resideential 53-61 42-552
4. Anagad(N4) Resideential 50-55 42-550
5. Bhan npura (N5) Resideential 52-59 41-551
6. Fajaalpur (N6) Resideential 50-57 38-448

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During monitoring period, the LEQ (dB (A)) noise levels varied between 53-72(dB (A)) and 48- 60 (dB
(A)) during day time in industrial area and residential area respectively.
Noise levels varied between 45-53 (dB (A)) and 37-52 (dB (A)) during night time in industrial area and
residential area respectively.
3.6 SOIL
3.6.1 BASELINE DATA
Description of soil environment has become vital particularly when the treated effluent is to be
discharge on land for disposal or treatment. The soil environment is usually described by determining
the physical and chemical characteristics of soil samples collected from site with the help of
auger/spade. The composite soil sample was collected from project site and the villages within 5 km
radius. The samples were collected to determine physical and chemical characteristic of soil. The selected
soil sampling locations are given in Table no. 3.10 and shown in Figure no. 3.9. The results are given in
Table no. 3.11.
TABLE: 3.10
LOCATIONS OF SOIL QUALITY MONITORING WITH RESPECT TO THE PROJECT SITE
Sr. Location Direction Distance inKm District
No. from the site
1. Project Site (S1) -- -- Vadodara
2. Fajalpur (S2) NNW 1.60 Vadodara
3. Sankarda (S3) NE 4.39 Vadodara
4. Dhanora (S4) SE 3.9 Vadodara
5. Anagadh (S5) SSW 2.85 Vadodara
6. Bhanpura (S6) W 3.70 Anand

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FIGURE: 3.9
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LOCATIONN OF SOIL MONITOR RING STAT
TIONS

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TABLE: 3.11
CHARACTERISTICS OF SOIL SAMPLES
Sr. Parameters Sampling Locations
No Unit Project Fajalpur Sankarda Dhanora Anagadh Bhanpura
site (S1) (S2) (S3) (S4) (S5) (S6)
1. pH (5%) -- 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.3
2. Electrical µmh
Conductivity os/c 453 366 433 357 387 362
m
3. Calcium
% 0.44 0.35 0.91 0.65 0.62 0.42
(as Ca)
4. Magnesium
% 0.27 0.41 0.54 0.21 0.23 0.25
(as Mg)
5. Sodium
% 0.42 0.35 0.43 0.33 0.36 0.40
(as Na)
6. Potassium
% 0.19 0.21 0.25 0.27 0.2 0.20
(as K)
7. Nitrogen
% 0.13 0.16 0.17 0.14 0.11 0.15
(as N)
8. Sulphur
% 0.16 0.22 0.19 0.15 0.21 0.14
(as S)
9. Phosphorus
% 0.14 0.18 0.15 0.17 0.19 0.13
(as P)

3.7 LAND USE PATTERNS

Land use, in general, reflects the human beings activities on land, whereas the word land cover indicates the
vegetation, agricultural and artificial man made structures covering the land surfaces. Identification and
periodic surveillance of land uses and vegetation covers, in the vicinity of any developmental activityis
one of the most important components for a comprehensive environmental impact assessment, which
would help to determine the impact of the project development activity on the land use pattern. To
determine the baseline land use pattern, at and around the project site.
3.7.1 AREA UNDERDIFFERENT LAND USE WITH TOWNS AND VILLAGE LOCATIONS
The land use classification within a distance of 10 kilometers from the project location and the areas
falling under the respective classifications are as given in Table3.12.

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TABLE: 3.12
AREAS UNDER DIFFERENT LANDUSE
Sr. Class Area (%)
No.
1. Agriculture 49.21
2. Open Vegetation 25.26
3. Industrial area 13.05
4. Habitation 3.64
5. River 6.24
6. Water Body 0.14
7. Close Vegetation 2.46
(Courtesy:Environmental Information Center, New Delhi)

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FIGURE: 3.1
10
L
LANDUSE/LLANDCOV VER

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3.7.1 GEOLOGY

The Geological area is covered by main land quaternary deposits and designated as the Gujarat Alluvium
in Geological literature. The Quaternary sediments occupied structural depression related to the Mahi &
Cambay grabens and constitutes thick layer sequence of sediments of fluvial marine and Aeolian origin.
The alternating phases of humid and arid climate which in turn influences the fluvial and Aeolian regimes
are reflected in the mode of occurrence, extent, lithology, soil type structure & texture of the successive
horizons of the sediments. The area under investigation is covered by thick alluvial deposits formed by
river Mahi comprising of alternate layers of hard, sticky clay and fine to medium grained sand mixed with
kankar. These Quaternary alluvium deposits of recent to sub recent age lie unconformably over the
Tertiary sediments consisting mainly of blue shale. The Tertiary sediments are of marine deposition in
nature, hence the ground water in this formation is found to be saline. The existence of Tertiary
formations in the area shows the occurrence of major tectonic activities during the past.

3.7.2 SEISMICITY

The Gujarat state can be divided broadly into four tectonic units

(i) The Saurashtra-Deccan Trap Plateau in the west.


(ii) The Kutch-Ahmedabad-Surat belt in the centre.
(iii) The Banas Kantha-Sabar Kantha-Panch Mahals metamorphic igneous terrain in the northeast
and the Ambadunagar-Rajpipla-Songadh Deccan Trap Plateau in the south - east
(iv) The zone of rift systems coinciding with the course of the Narmada and the Tapi rivers in the
south - east.

The project area falls under zone 3 in the National Zoning Atlas as shown in Fig. No. 3.11 and under
zone of low hazard as per the zoning map of Gujarat shown in Figure No. 3.12.

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FIGURE: 3.1
11
SEISMIC ZOONES IN IN
NDIA

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FIGURE: 3.1
12
SEISMIC ZOONES IN GUJARAT
G

3..8 BIOLOG
GICAL ENV
VIRONMEN
NT

3..8.1 ECOLO
OGICAL IN
NFORMAT
TION

T
The study off the environmental com
mponents lik
ke flora andd fauna is rrequired to assess the bbiological
diiversity of the region. Flora and
d fauna can
n be used ffor biologicaal surveillannce in asseessing the
he ecologicaal interpretaation of stuudy area is based on ssecondary sources of
ennvironmentaal status .Th
innformation.
W
Water is the basic
b and esssential resou
urce for the survival of flora and fauuna. The floora being thhe primary
prroducer influ
uences the fauna
fa of the region.
r The characteristiic flora existting in a reggion dependss upon the

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existing conditions such as intensity of sunlight, type of soil, quality of air, including the quality and
quantity of water available, etc.

3.8.2 FLORA

The flora or the vegetation in the region is chiefly or dry deciduous type of species, which includes
dominance of acacia nilotia ssp. Indica or babul, Azadirachtaindica or Neem and Prosopis cineraria or
samadi. The vegetation based on the habitat can be classified into three broad categories such as (1)
Ravine or river bed vegetation, (2) Agricultural fields with hedges including wild tree species and (3)
small vegetation patches of few three species compositions around lakes and ponds. Also in some area the
plantation activities were also carried out of Eucalyptus and also of ailanthus excels.
TABLE: 3.13
THE TREE SPECIES REPORTED FROM STUDY AREA

Sr. Scientific Name Vernacular Name


No.
1. Acacia Auriculiformis PardeshiBaval
2. Acacia Tomentosa Aniyar
3. AcacioaNilotica Ssp. Indica Baval
4. Acacia Farnesiana Talvbaval
5. AlangiumSalvifolium Ankol
6. Ailanthus Excels Maharukh
7. AnogeissusSericea Andrakh
8. AnthocephalusCadamba Kadam
9. AzadirachtaIndica Limbo
10. BalanitesEgyptiaca Hingorio
11. Bauhinia Racemosa Asotri
12. Bauhinia Variegate Kanchan
13. Bauhinia Purpurea Kanchnar
14. BombaxCieba Savar
15. BorassusFlabellifera Tad
16. ButeaMonosperma Khakhro
17. Cassia Fistula Garmalo
18. Cassia Renigara Pink Cassia
19. Cassia Javanica Java Cassia
20. CassurinaEquisetifolia Saru
21. ClerodendronPhlomidis Arni
22. CocosNucifera Nariyal
23. DalbergiaSissoo Sissoo
24. DelonixRegia Gulmohar
25. Derris Indica Karanj
26. DiospyrosCordifolia Dheki
27. EmblicaOffocinalis Amla

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Sr. Scientific Name Vernacular Name
No.
28. FicusBenghalensis Vad
29. FicusGlomerata Umbar
30. FicusHispida DhedUmbar
31. FicusReligosia Peepal
32. FicusTsiela Payar
33. FeroniaElephantanum Kothi
34. HolpteaIntergrifolia Kanjo
35. Ipomoea Fistulosa Naffatiyu
36. Ipomoea Biloba --
37. IxoraRubra Ixora
38. JatrophaCurcas Ratanjot, JangaliAeranadi, Mogali
39. LeucenaLeucocephala LisoBaval
40. MadhucaLatifolia Mahuda
41. MangiferaIndica Keri
42. ManilkaraHexandra Rayan
43. MaytenusEmarginata Vicklo
44. MilingtoniaHortensis AkashLimdo
45. MimosopsElengi Borsali
46. MeliaAzadirach BakanLimdo
47. MitragyanaParviflora Kadamb, Kalam
48. MoringaOliefera Saragavo
49. PithecellobiumDulce GorasAmbli
50. Phoenix Sylvestris Khajuri
51. Phyllanthus Reticulate Kamboi
52. PlumeriaRubra LalChampo
53. PlumeriaRubra Alba PiloChampo
54. Plumerio Obtuse SoneriChampo
55. PolyalthiaLongifolia Asopalav
56. PolyaithiaPendula Pendula
57. Prosopis Cineraria Shami
58. ProsopisGlandulosa Gandobaval
59. ProposisJuliflora Gandobaval
60. Salvadora Persia Piludi
61. SalvadoraPersica Pilu
62. SamaneaSaman Raintree
63. Santatlum Album Chandan
64. SapindusEmarginatus Aritha
65. SesbaniaGrandiflora Sesbania
66. SennaSiamea Kasod
67. SesbaniaSesban Var. Sesban Shevri
68. SizygiumCuminii Jambu
69. StreblusAsper Haredo
70. TamarindusIndica Ambli
71. TectonaGtrandis Sag

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Sr. Scientific Name Vernacular Name
No.
72. TerminaliaCatappa Bangali Badam
73. ZizyphusMauritiana Bordi
74. ZizyphusXylopyra GhatBor
3.8.3 FAUNA

Bird’s diversity of the area shows diversity as the area has various ecosystems. A total 72 bird species
were reported from the area. The bird species are representative of wetlands, forests and grassland habitat.
Important species in the study area include lesser flamingo reported from river mahi. The locals reported
presence of vultures seen only during certain time of the year.
TABLE: 3.14
LIST OF BIRDS
Sr. Common Name Scientific Name
No.
Grebes
1. Little Grebe Tachybaptusruficollis
Cormorants and darters
2. Little Cormorant Phalacanusniger
3. Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Herons & Egrets
4. Little Heron Butoridesstriatus
5. Indian pond heron Ardeolagrayii
6. Purple heron Ardeapurpurea
7. Grey heron Ardeolacinerea
8. Little egret Egrettagularis
9. Intermediate egret Mesophoyxintermedia
10. Great Egret Casmerodiusalbus
Storks
11. Asian openbilled stork Anastomusascitans
12. Painted strock Mycterialeucocephala
13. White stork Ciciniaciconia
Ibis & spoonbills
14. Black ibis Psudibispapillosa
15. White ibis Threskiornisaethiopica
16. Glossy ibis Plegadisfalcinellus
17. spoonbill Platalealeucorodia
18. Lesser flamingo Phoeniconanias minor
19. Common crane Grusgrus
20. Sarus crane Grusantigone

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Sr. Common Name Scientific Name
No.
waders
21. Black winged stilt HimantopusHimantopus
22. Red- wattled lapwing Vanellusindicus
23. Little stint Calidrisminuta
24. Wood sandpiper Tringaglareola
Hawks
25. Black kite Milvusmigrans
26. Short toed eagle Circaetusgallicus
27. shikra Accipiter
kingfishers
28. Common kingfisher Alcedoathis
29. Lesser pied kingfisher Cerylerudis
30. White throated kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Wagtails & pipits
31. White wagtail Motacilla alba
32. Yellow wagtail Motacillaflava
Pheasants, quails and
33. Jungle bush quail Perdiculaasiatica
34. Common peafowl Pavocristatus
Geese & Ducks
35. Cotton pigmy goose Nettapuscoromandelianus
36. Lesser whistling duck Dendrocygnajavanica
37. Purple swamphen Porphyrioporphyrio
38. Cotton teal Nettapuscoromandelianus
Rails and coots
39. Common moorhen Gallinule chloropus
40. Common coot Fulicaatra
41. Water cock Gallicrexcinerea
Other birds
42. Common redshank Tiringa tetanus
43. Bronze-winged jacana Metopidiusindicus
44. Pheasant –tailed jacana Hydrophasianuschirugus
45. Green bea- eater Merposorientalis
46. Barn owl Tyto-alba
47. Spotted owlet Athenebrama
48. Blue rock pigeon Columba livia
49. Rose ringed parakeet Psittaculakrameri
50. Indian cukoo Cuculusmicropterus

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Sr. Common Name Scientific Name
No.
51. Common hoopoe Upupaepops
52. House crow Corvussplendens
53. House sparrow Passer domesticus
54. House swift Apusaffins
55. Indian Myna Acridotherestristis
56. Warbler Prinia
57. Pied avocet Recurvirostraavosetta
58. Crested lark Galeridacristata
59. Indian bush lark Mirafraassamica
60. Ashy crowned sparrow lark Eremopterixgrisea
61. Indian roller Coraciasbenghalensis
62. Golden oriole Oirolusoriolus
63. Bar- tailed godwit limosalapponica
64. Rufous tree pie Dendrocittavagabunda
65. Blue tailed bee eater Meropsphilippinus
66. White napped woodpecker Dendrocopsleucopterus
67. Red vented bulbul Pycnonotuscafer
68. White browed fantail Rhipiduraalbicollis
69. Sand martin Ripariariparia
70. Purple sunbird Nectariniasperata
71. House swift Nectariniasperata
72. Common jungle night jar Caprimulgusaffinis
73. Vultures (occasional) --
3.9 SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

As assessment of socio-economic environment forms an integral part of an EIA study, baseline


information for the same was collected during the study period. The baseline socio-economic data
collected for the study region, before the proposed expansion is operational, has been identified for the
four major indicators viz. demography ,civic amenities, economy and social culture. The baseline status of
the above indicators is compiled in forthcoming sections.
3.9.1DEMOGRAPHIC DATA WITHIN THE REGION OF INTEREST
Demography covers the information related to population density, sex ratio and literacy level of the public
in the study area. Table no.3.15 provides the data on inhabitations of the Vadodara Taluka.

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TABLE: 3.15
DEMOGRAPHIC DATA
Sr. Village Name Taluka Total Total Total Total
No. Population Male Female Population
<6 Years
1. Anagadh Vadodara 14780 7650 7130 2112
2. Ajod Vadodara 2661 1388 1273 316
3. Dena Vadodara 2565 1350 1215 425
4. Diwalipura Vadodara 661 343 318 82
5. Dhaniyavi Vadodara 2353 1208 1145 276
6. Ajitpura Vadodara 190 93 97 27
7. Ankhi Vadodara 1179 605 574 152
8. Nandesari (INA) Vadodara 3679 2007 1672 434
9. Chikhodra Vadodara 1083 572 511 95
10. Dhanora Vadodara 741 365 376 94
11. Amrol Anklav 5268 2787 2481 732
12. Ambali Anklav 4556 2342 2214 645
13. Bhetasi Ba Bhag Anklav 4712 2431 2281 593
14. BhetasiVanta Anklav 5304 2702 2602 732
15. Bhanpura Anklav 1512 781 731 201
16. Kanthariya Anklav 4084 2087 1997 494
17. Bhetasi (Talpad) Anklav 1520 783 737 180
(Source: Census-2011 for Vadodara District)

TABLE: 3.16
POPULATION DENSITY & SEX RATIO
Sr. Name Population Population Sex Ratio ( No.
No. Density (Person/ of Females per
Sq. Km.) 1000 Males)
Within 5 km 56848 722 927
1.
radius (2011)
District 4165626 552 934
2.
Vadodara (2011)
Taluka Anklav 147108 714 927
3.
(2011)
(Population as per Census 2011, Area considered as per Census 2001)

3.9.2 LITERACY RATE

The literacy rate is a major factor, which influences the socio-cultural condition of a particular place.
Details of literacy Vadodara and Taluka Anklav are given in Table no. 3.17.

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TABLE: 3.17
LITERACY RATE WITHIN 10 KM RADIAL DISTANCE OF STUDY AREA
Sr. Name Literacy
No. Rate (%)
1. Within 5 km radius 82.61
2. District Vadodara (2011) 78.92
3. Taluka Anklav (2011) 80.57
(Source: Census-2011 for Vadodara District)
TABLE: 3.18
LITERACY RATE WITHIN 5 KM RADIAL DISTANCE OF STUDY AREA

Sr. Village CD Block Total Population Population Literacy


No. Name Name Population < 06 Years Literate (%)
1. Anagadh Vadodara 14780 2112 10381 81.95
2. Ajod Vadodara 2661 316 2092 89.21
3. Dena Vadodara 2565 425 1930 90.19
4. Diwalipura Vadodara 661 82 475 82.04
5. Dhaniyavi Vadodara 2353 276 1743 83.92
6. Ajitpura Vadodara 190 27 144 88.34
7. Ankhi Vadodara 1179 152 862 83.93
8. Nandesari Vadodara 3679 434 2853 87.92
(INA)
9. Chikhodra Vadodara 1083 95 721 72.98
10. Dhanora Vadodara 741 94 513 79.29
11. Amrol Anklav 5268 732 3618 79.76
12. Ambali Anklav 4556 645 3267 83.53
13. Bhetasi Ba Anklav 4712 593 3076 74.68
Bhag
14. BhetasiVanta Anklav 5304 732 3535 77.32
15. Bhanpura Anklav 1512 201 1100 83.91
16. Kanthariya Anklav 4084 494 2986 83.18
17. Bhetasi Anklav 1520 180 1104 82.39
(Talpad)

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3.9.3 OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE

In economic development of the region its geographical location, natural resources, business and
employment, industries and manpower play vital role. Table no.3.19 provides the occupational patterns in
all villages of Vadodara Taluka.

Main worker: Who has worked last year for six month or more.
Marginal worker: Who has worked last year for less than six months.
Non-worker: Who did not work at all during the reference period of one year.

Distribution of main worker and marginal worker into further following four categories are shown in
Table no. 3.20.
o Cultivators
o Agricultural labors
o Household industry
o Others worker

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TABLE: 3.19
OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE

Sr. Village Name CD Block Total Total Total Main Total Total Non- Employm
No. Name population Work Worker Marginal Worker ent Ratio
Population Population Worker Population (%)
Population
1. Anagadh Vadodara 14780 5048 4204 844 9732 34.15
2. Ajod Vadodara 2661 883 869 14 1778 33.18
3. Dena Vadodara 2565 872 826 46 1693 34.00
4. Diwalipura Vadodara 661 232 227 5 429 35.10
5. Dhaniyavi Vadodara 2353 885 822 63 1468 37.61
6. Ajitpura Vadodara 190 99 22 77 91 52.11
7. Ankhi Vadodara 1179 360 205 155 819 30.53
8. Nandesari (INA) Vadodara 3679 1208 1139 69 2471 32.84
9. Chikhodra Vadodara 1083 587 587 0 496 54.20
10. Dhanora Vadodara 741 244 241 3 497 32.93
11. Amrol Anklav 5268 2925 1999 926 2343 55.52
12. Ambali Anklav 4556 2509 1202 1307 2047 55.07
13. Bhetasi Ba Bhag Anklav 4712 1890 1200 690 2822 40.11
14. BhetasiVanta Anklav 5304 2354 1356 998 2950 44.38
15. Bhanpura Anklav 1512 556 502 54 956 36.77
16. Kanthariya Anklav 4084 1725 1656 69 2359 42.24
17. Bhetasi (Talpad) Anklav 1520 588 544 44 932 38.68
(Source: Census-2011 for Vadodara District)

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TABLE: 3.20
DISTRIBUTION OF WORKERS

Sr. Village Name Main Population Marginal Population


No. Cultivator Agriculture Household Other Cultivator Agriculture Household Other
1. Anagadh 692 991 79 2442 51 376 99 318
2. Ajod 285 297 0 287 4 5 0 5
3. Dena 152 272 15 387 7 11 3 25
4. Diwalipura 86 110 0 31 1 3 0 1
5. Dhaniyavi 194 363 3 262 7 30 5 21
6. Ajitpura 6 0 0 16 5 59 0 13
7. Ankhi 71 74 6 54 1 131 7 16
8. Nandesari (INA) 3 13 23 1100 1 0 4 64
9. Chikhodra 71 476 1 39 0 0 0 0
10. Dhanora 54 80 5 102 1 2 0 0
11. Amrol 808 817 16 358 64 759 12 91
12. Ambali 752 301 11 138 15 279 12 1001
13. Bhetasi Ba Bhag 402 645 6 147 8 644 1 37
14. BhetasiVanta 455 638 5 258 164 615 9 210
15. Bhanpura 12 346 1 143 1 11 1 41
16. Kanthariya 433 997 1 225 8 44 1 16
17. Bhetasi (Talpad) 185 272 0 87 2 12 0 30
(Source: Census-2011 for Vadodara District)

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CHAPTER -4
IDENTIFICATION & ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT

4.1 IDENTIFICATION OF IMPACT


This chapter deals with the assessment of project impacts on environment. Mitigative measures are
suggested to minimize the likely negative impacts.
The network method (Cause - effect) was adopted to identify potential impact of the proposed activity. It
includes step wise study of relationship between an activity and its environmental parameters. This
method involves in the “Road Map” type of approach to the identification of second and third order effect.
The basic idea is to account for the project activity and identify the type of impact that could initially
occur followed by the identification of secondary and tertiary impact.
The project will have impacts of varying magnitude on different environmental components. These
impacts could be categorized as-
 Primary impacts, i.e. impacts which occur as a direct result of the project activities.
 Secondary and tertiary impacts, i.e. impacts that occur as a result of primary impacts.
The type of identified potential impacts on various environmental components i.e. Air, Noise, Water and
Land are presented in Figure 4.1 to Figure 4.6.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.1


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 4.1
IMPACT NETWORK ON AIR ENVIROENMENT

Project

Construction Operational
Activity Phase Phase

Release of Air Release of Heat


Pollutants

Primary Change in Air Impact on Climatic


Impact Quality Visibility Particulates Changes
Deposition on
Water, Land
Aesthetic
Impact Impact on Human,
Impact on Flora and Fauna
Agricultural produce
Secondary Impact on Human,
Impact flora & fauna

Tertiary Impact on
Economic Output Impact on Socio –
Impact Cultural
Environment

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.2


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 4.2
IMPACT NETWORK ON NOISE ENVIRONMENT

Project

Activity Construction Operational


Phase Phase

Noise
Emission

Change in
Primary Ambient
Impact Noise Level

Secondary Health Impact on Work Impact on fauna &


Impact Risks Output & Efficiency population

Tertiary Impact on Impact on Socio-


Impact Economic Output cultural Environment

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.3


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 4.3
IMPACT NETWORK ON WATER ENVIRONMENT

Project

Construction Phase Operation Phase

Change in surface
Activity Abstraction of Water Release of wastewater
morphology

 
  Impact on Runoff
  /Seepage
 
 
  Impact on Hydraulics   Environmental health
Primary of Water Courses Impact on Water Quality And Aesthetic Risk
Impact

Impact on Hydraulic Impact on Cost of Water Impact on


Secondary Water Courses Aquatic Life Treatment Amenity /
Impact Recreation

Impact on Economic Output Impact on Socio-Cultural Environment


Tertiary
Impact

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.4


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 4.4
IMPACT NETWORK ON GROUND WATER ENVIRONMENT

Project

Activity
Construction Phase Operation Phase

Abstraction of water Disturbance of soil Release of wastewater on land

Change in Ground water Regime: Change in structure of Addition /Removal of


Soil Moisture / water level/ Flow Soil: Ground level substances or Heat to
Primary Pattern/ Salt water instruction /form the soil
Impact

Secondary Impact on Soil Impact on Flora and Fauna Impact on landscape


Impact

  Impact on agricultural Impact on livestock

Tertiary
Impact on Economic Impact on Socio-Cultural Environment
Impact

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.5


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 4.5
IMPACT NETWORK ON SOCIO-AND CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT

Project
Activity
Operational Construction
Phase Phase

Primary
Impact Economic input Economic output Demand for work
Capital/O&M Cost Product Cost Force

Net Income
output

Change in Development Better product Air, Water, Employment Demand for Demand for Aesthetic
Secondary Economic of Ancillary availability Land, Noise opportunity Communi - Communi- Risk
Base of the Industries pollution cation cation
Impact region Facilities Facilities

Saving foreign
Exchange Effect on Effect on Effect on visual Effect on
Human Agriculture & Environment Buildings
Health fisheries Materials
Monuments

Tertiary Effect on water supply, Effect on Educational, Effect on Human,


Impact Sewerage & Solid Waste Medical, Transport Nature & Recreational
Management Facilities Facilities Facilities

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.6


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 4.6
IMPACT NETWORK ON LAND ENVIRONMENT

Project

Construction Operational
Activity Phase Phase

Disposal of waste
Abstraction of water & Sludge
Disturbance of water on Land
land
Primary
Impact
Change in ground Toxic Substances on
Change in soil Water Regime /Salt Land, Particulate
Texture & Permeability Water intrusion Deposition on Land

Secondary Impact Impact on Landscape Soil Salinity Impact on flora & fauna

Impact on
Impact on Live stock
Agricultural Produce

Tertiary Impact Impact on Economic Impact on Socio-Cultural


Output Environment

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.7


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

4.2 PREDICTION AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT


The predication and assessment of impact on the environmental parameters have been carried out. For
assessing the impact, the baseline data of environmental status were considered. The change in the
environmental parameters due to manufacturing activities of the industry has been superimposed on the
status data.
4.2.1 WATER ENVIRONMENT
4.2.1.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE IMPACTS
During construction phase, water will be required for construction of structures, sprinkling for dust
suppression. The raw water for the various purposes will be suppliedby GIDC.

There will no impact on surrounding ground water quality and quantity during construction phase.
4.2.1.2 OPERATIONAL PHASE IMPACTS
The unit has CCA order no.AWH-68944 for manufacturing of organic pharmaceuticals. As per CCA, the unit
is using 4.4 KL/Day fresh water from GIDC for domestic and industrial purposes. Due to proposed expansion
the fresh water requirements for the industrial and domestic purpose will be 45.4 KL/Day which will be met
by GIDC water supply scheme. There will be no extraction of ground water, so that no direct impact is found
on ground water availability and quality in nearby surrounding area.
As per CCA, industrial effluent generation is 1.2 KL/Day and sewage generation is 0.4KL/Day. The proposed
project will lead to waste water generation of 35.6 KL/Day from different sources i.e. process, washing, boiler,
cooling, and domestic at full production capacity.
Mitigative Measures
The total sewage generation after proposed expansion is 1.4 KL/Day. The sewage is sent to soak pit. If
any overflow of soak pit happens, it will be connected to ETP. The entire waste water generated will be
treated in unit’s own Effluent Treatment Plant and treated effluent will be sent to CETP, Nandesari.
Effluent generation will be 34.2 KL/Day. So, total waste water generation will be 35.6 KL/Day.
The unit has proposed new ETP having hydrodynamic cavitation treatment, the effluent will be checked
for the pH and it will be neutralized with lime and coagulating agents will be added. The clean effluent
will be sent to CETP, Nandesari for further treatment. In addition, proper care will be taken to prevent any
spillage/leakage. Proper storage facility will be provided for raw material and hazardous waste. Hence
there will be no impact on ground water and surface water quality.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.8


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

4.2.2 AIR ENVIRONMENT


4.2.2.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE IMPACTS
Dust will be generated during excavation and hauling operation and vehicle transportation on unpaved
tracks at the site. Other exhaust gases like NOx, SO2, VOC and HC may be also slightly released into the
local ambient air due to vehicular traffic movement. Thus, the local ambient air quality may be
temporarily affected. It will be confined within the project boundary and expected to be negligible outside
the plant boundaries.
Mitigative Measures
Water sprinkling and provision of enclosures will allow the particles to settle down prior to discharge.
There will be provision of enclosures to construction area to allow the particles to settle down prior to
discharge.
4.2.2.2 OPERATION PHASE IMPACTS
As per CCA order no.AWH-68944, there is flue gas emission (PM, SO2 and NOx) from one boiler. There
is no generation from the manufacturing process as well as any ancillary industrial process.
The proposed expansion project will result flue gas emission, process emission andfugitive emission. Flue
gas emission will be from two boilers of 1 TPH and one thermo pack of 2 Lakh kcal.Natural gas will be
used as fuel in two boilers and Thermo pack. Therewill be emission of NH3from reactor vent. There will
be fugitiveemission of VOC during material handling, transferring and at storagearea.
Mitigative Measure
The unit will also provide adequate stack height for proposed two stacks of boilers and one stack of
thermo pack.
The NH3 will be absorbed in water scrubber followed by acid scrubber before venting out to achieve
GPCB norms. Adequate stack height will further help in dispersion of pollutants. Closed feeding and
transferring system, proper local or exhaust ventilation and more solvent recovery efficiency will control
fugitive emission. The air quality impact of source is evaluated by use of model. The model stimulates the
relationship between air pollutants emission, meteorology and air chemistry, all of which are determined
by formulating impact scenario.
Modeling Details
The dispersion of pollutants in the atmosphere is a function of several meteorological parameters like
temperature, wind speed and direction, mixing depths, inversion level etc. The air quality impacts of
source or collection of sources is evaluated by use of models. The model stimulates the relationship

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.9


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

between air pollutants emission, meteorology and air chemistry, all of which are determined by
formulating impact scenario. Estimation of emissions from the plant has been made by Industrial Source
Complex – Short Term (ISC-ST3) model developed by United States Environment Protection Agency
(USEPA). ISC-ST is based on a modified steady state Gaussian Plume equation, and it has been
recommended for use in EIA studies by Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) in EIA manual.
DISPERSION MODEL
TABLE 4.1
EMISSION DETAILS
Proposed
Proposed Proposed Flue
Existing Flue Gas Process Gas
Sources of Flue Gas Gas
emission
gaseous emissions
Boiler Boiler Thermo pack Reactor
1 TPH (1TPH X 2) 2 lakh Kcal (Carbemezepine)
Fuel used Natural Gas Natural Gas Natural Gas --
200
Quantity of fuel 2000 MMBTU/Month --
MMBTU/Month
PM, SO2,
Type of emissions PM, SO2, NOx PM, SO2, NOx NH3
NOx
Stack height 20 m 20 m 20 m 20 m
Stack diameter at 400 mm 400 mm  400 mm  400 mm 
the top
Stack gas exit 150˚C  150˚C  40˚C 
150˚C
temperature
Stack gas exit 7 m/s  7 m/s  7 m/s  6 m/s 
velocity
Emissions:
< 150
PM Concentration < 150 mg/Nm3 < 150 mg/Nm3 --
mg/Nm3
SO2 Concentration < 100 ppm < 100 ppm < 100 ppm --
NOx
< 50 ppm < 50 ppm < 50 ppm --
Concentration
NH3Concentration -- -- -- <175 mg/Nm3

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

TABLE 4.2
CONCENTRATION OF PM SO2, AND NOx
Highest Incremental increase in X Co-ord Y Co-ord
Values Concentration (µg/m3) (mts) (mts)
PM SO2 NOx
1 0.34 0.94 0.69 1000 -1000
2 0.33 0.92 0.67 1000 -1000
3 0.31 0.86 0.63 1000 -1000
4 0.29 0.78 0.58 2000 -2000
5 0.28 0.77 0.57 2000 -2000
6 0.25 0.68 0.5 1000 -1000
7 0.25 0.68 0.5 2000 -2000
8 0.21 0.59 0.43 -1000 -1000
9 0.21 0.58 0.42 -1000 -1000
10 0.2 0.56 0.41 3000 -3000

TABLE 4.3
CONCENTRATION OF NH3
Highest Incremental X Co-ord Y Co-ord
Values increase in (mts) (mts)
Concentration
(µg/m3)
NH3
1 0.1 1000 -1000
2 0.1 1000 -1000
3 0.08 1000 -1000
4 0.06 1000 -1000
5 0.06 -1000 -1000
6 0.05 2000 -2000
7 0.05 -1000 -1000
8 0.05 1000 1000
9 0.05 1000 1000
10 0.05 -1000 -1000

Based on the modeling results, isopleths for PM, SO2, NOx and NH3 were drawn and were superimposed
on an aerial view of the site using maps from Google Earth which is as shown in the figures given below.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.11


 
EIA
A OF M/S. ROAQ
R CHEM
MICALS PV
VT LTD., G
GIDC NAND
DESARI, VA
ADODARA
A

F
FIGURE 4.7
7
IS
SOPLETHSS OF SO2 (S
SITE COOR
RDINATES
S 0, 0)

M
M/S. JYOTI OM
O CHEMICA
AL RESEARC
CH CENTRE
E PVT. LTD., ANKLESHW
WAR 4.12
 
EIA
A OF M/S. ROAQ
R CHEM
MICALS PV
VT LTD., G
GIDC NAND
DESARI, VA
ADODARA
A

F
FIGURE 4.8
8
IS
SOPLETHSS OF NOX (SITE
( COO
ORDINATES
S 0, 0)

M
M/S. JYOTI OM
O CHEMICA
AL RESEARC
CH CENTRE
E PVT. LTD., ANKLESHW
WAR 4.13
 
EIA
A OF M/S. ROAQ
R CHEM
MICALS PV
VT LTD., G
GIDC NAND
DESARI, VA
ADODARA
A

F
FIGURE 4.9
9
IS
SOPLETHSS OF PM (S
SITE COOR
RDINATES 0, 0)

M
M/S. JYOTI OM
O CHEMICA
AL RESEARC
CH CENTRE
E PVT. LTD., ANKLESHW
WAR 4.14
 
EIA
A OF M/S. ROAQ
R CHEM
MICALS PV
VT LTD., G
GIDC NAND
DESARI, VA
ADODARA
A

F
FIGURE 4.10
IS
SOPLETHSS OF NH3 (S
SITE COOR
RDINATES
S 0, 0)

O
OBSERVAT
TIONS FRO
OM DISPER
RSION MOD
DELING ST
TUDIES

From the disspersion mo


odeling stud
dies conductted, it was observed tthat the maaximum grouund level
cooncentration he South East direction. The maxim
n occurs in th mum incremeental increase in concenttration for
d NOx is 0.34 µg/m3, 0.9
PM, SO2 and 94 µg/m3 an m3 respectiveely at a distaance of abouut 1 km in
nd 0.69 µg/m
thhe South Eaast direction.. Whereas, the
t maximum incremenntal increasee in concentrration for N
NH3 is 0.1
µg/m3 at a disstance of abo
out 1 km in the
t South Eaast direction .

M
M/S. JYOTI OM
O CHEMICA
AL RESEARC
CH CENTRE
E PVT. LTD., ANKLESHW
WAR 4.15
 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

4.2.3 NOISE ENVIRONMENT


4.2.3.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE IMPACTS
Noise will be generated during the intermittent operation of machineries for site clearing and construction
work. Vehicular movement will be also a source of noise generation. There will be short term, localized
and reversible impact on ambient noise levels during the construction activities.
Mitigative Measures
 Operation of construction equipments generating higher noise will be strictly restricted during 10
p.m. to 6 a.m.
 The construction machinery and equipment will be well maintained. Provision of encloser, damper
and other engineering control will control noise pollution.
 Workers operating these equipments will be given ear plugs/muffs.
4.2.3.2 OPERATIONAL PHASE IMPACTS
The sources of noise pollution will be 3 boilers and other noise generating units. Vehicular movements
during operation phase for loading/unloading of raw materials and finished products and other
transportation activity may also increase noise level.
Mitigative Measures
 Adequate noise control measures such as mufflers, silencers at the air inlet/outlet, anti vibration
pad for equipment with high vibration etc. shall be provided.

 Housing/casing shall be provided for all noise generating machines.

 Job rotation will reduce exposure to some extent. Moreover, PPE like earmuff and ear plugs will
be provided to the operators/worker exposed to high noise.

 The proposed green belt will further be helpful in reducing the ambient noise level.

4.2.4 LAND ENVIRONMENT


4.2.4.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE IMPACTS
4.2.4.1.1 LAND USE
 The proposed facility is spread over an area of approximately 1651.10 sq. m. in Gujarat Industrial
Development Corporation, Nandesari, Vadodara and Gujarat.
4.2.4.1.2 TOPOGRAPHY, GEOLOGY AND SOILS
 As the project site is fairly flat terrain without any rock, there will be no blasting. As the site is
uneven, some leveling work will be required. Only some construction work will take place as the
unit is an existing unit.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.16


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

4.2.4.1.3 POPULATION DISPLACEMENT AND REHABILITATION


 There is no issue of resettlement and relocation.
4.2.4.1.4 LAND POLLUTION
 Land pollution can be caused due to improper disposal of hazardous wastes on the land
environment and spillage or leakage of chemicals.
Mitigative Measures
 The hazardous solid waste generated during construction activity will be stored and disposed
properly.
 Sewage generated from sanitation facility will be disposed through septic tank.The sewage is sent
to soak pit. If any overflow of soak pit happens, it will be connected to ETP.
 Hence, there will be no significant adverse impact on land environment due to handling of
hazardous solids waste.
4.2.4.2 OPERATIONAL PHASE IMPACTS
If the hazardous wastes are not handled properly, it can pose danger of land contamination and can affect
land system adversely. Transportation is one of the most important areas of concern associated with
handling Hazardous Waste, Because the packaging and method of transporting of Hazardous waste will
prevent the likelihood that an accident or spill would occur.
Mitigative Measures
 Transportation of hazardous waste to the TSDF Site will be governed as per the guidelines.
 Separate collection system will be provided for collection of spillage material. Impervious layer,
RCC roads and flooring will be provided to area, where the chemical and hazardous waste storage
and handling activities will be involved.
 Separate storm water collection system will be provided to prevent contamination of soil through
contaminated water.
 The unit will follow the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for storing and handling of
hazardous wastes.
 The proposed green belt area will improve the aesthetic environment of the area.
 No significant impact on land environment has been envisaged during the operation phase as the
hazardous waste generated will be either recycled or disposed off as per norms.
 The unit will follow Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for storing and handling of hazardous
wastes.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.17


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


1. All the departments will collect the various types of the waste and segregate it in various types
like paper and packing material, plastic bags, process waste, metal waste glass waste etc.
2. After collecting the waste, respective departments will fill up the slip along with format number
for disposal
3. The person will shift the various type of waste in the designated areas of the waste category.
Before shifting it person will inform and hand over the filled slip to ETP Operator/ Chemist/ EHS
– HOD.
4. On sufficient stock of the waste type, it will be disposed off.
5. Spent/used oil will be given to MoEF registered reprocessor.
6. For disposal of discarded bags and containers, the guideline provided by theGujarat Pollution
Control Board will be followed. It will be ensured that containers are empty before taken for
disposal. As per the guidelines all the containers will be washed properly, the washings will be
checked for pH and COD. The pH should be neutral and COD should be NIL. This will ensure
that the containers are cleaned before taken for disposal. Removal or defacing of all labeling and
content of all product and waste material will be regular practice. The sticker will be put on
individual container as "cleaned". The container will be deposited in the area marked for disposal.
Then the containers will be inspected by the certifying agency approved by the GPCB. In
confirmation of the quality of the cleaning they will issue the stickers for identification. After
receiving the stickers that should be pasted on to the containers. Then the containers are disposed
off to actual raw material supplier.
CARE TO BE TAKEN DURING HANDLING OF WASTE
1. Person handling the hazardous waste should wear gloves, shoes/ gum boots etc. mask like
Personal Protective Equipments.
2. If spillage occurred swipe it and collect it in to the bag and mix it with the waste.
3. Forklift will be used in shifting, loading and unloading operation for hazardous waste to minimize
manual handling of hazardous waste.
4.2.5 ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
The impact due to the proposed expansion on ecological parameters like natural vegetation, cropping
pattern, fishers and aquatic life, forest land species diversity are briefly summarized below:

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.18


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

4.2.5.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE IMPACTS


The project site is located within the GIDC .The project site is devoid of trees; it will not harbor any
important flora. There will be no impact on natural vegetation during construction. Since, the project is
established on a non-agriculture land, it will not to alter the crop production of the area. The project site is
at a far distance from the forest land, wild life sanctuaries and national parks. Hence, no adverse impact
on this account is anticipated.
4.2.5.2 OPERATIONAL PHASE IMPACTS
The study area does not have any type of forest and endangered fauna within 5 km area. However, all the
environmental and related issues have been properly addressed with its impacts and Mitigative measures
in the proposed project. There will not be any major impact on the terrestrial ecology of the project site
due to proposed project.
Mitigative Measures
 The green belt will be developed by unit having different species of flora, which will lead to
beneficial impact on ecological environment.
 There will be necessary environmental protection measures which have been planned under EMP
i.e. air pollution control system designed to take care of release of the gaseous pollutants like PM,
SO2, NOx, and NH3.
 The waste water generation from process will be treated in ETP. The unit has proposed new ETP
with hydro cavitation technology. The treated effluent will be sent to CETP, Nandesari for further
treatment. In addition, proper care will be taken to prevent any spillage/leakage. Proper storage
facility will be provided for raw material and hazardous waste. Hence there will be no impact on
ground water and surface water quality.
 Raw material and hazardous waste will be transported by road and will be stored in plant
premises.
 The project proponent shall consider all the safety measures in planning, designing and operation
of the plant as per standard practices.
 Hence, no adverse impact on this account is anticipated.
4.2.6 INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
4.2.6.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE IMPACTS & OPERATION PHASE IMPACTS
The plant is located in a GIDC, Nandesari, Gujarat having all essential facilities such as water, power,
post and telecommunication. There is a well laid down broad roads already existing in GIDC, Nandesari.
There will be 5-10 trucks per day for transportation of raw material and finished good products. The

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.19


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

transportation facilities will also expect to improve due to increase in the movement of workers and raw
material and finished products. This will have almost negligible impact on road network.
Total Power requirement of proposed expansion project is 100 HP will be fulfilled from MGVCL.
MGVCL is having large amount of electricity production thus due to extra consumption of electricity no
adverse impact of electricity supply is predicted.
The fresh water requirement for domestic and industrial purpose is met through GIDC water supply. The
infrastructure services e.g. roads, post and telegraph, communication, medical facilities, education;
housing will be improved in surrounding area.
4.2.7 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT
4.2.7.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE IMPACTS
4.2.7.1.1 POPULATION
 During the peak construction phase, construction manpower including construction workers will
be employed.
 However, to the maximum extent possible, construction workers will be employed from within the
study area.
 Since the construction phase of this project will be for short time period, the socio-economic
impact due to construction of this project is going to be temporary.
 Considering the above-mentioned factors, the construction phase of the project will have minor
impact on population in the study area.
4.2. 7.1.2 EMPLOYMENT
 Around25 workers will be employed in the construction work. This will increase construction
employment in the study area although temporality. Hence, the proposed project will have minor
impact on employment in construction phase.
4.2.7.1.3 TRANSPORTATION
 For transportation of construction material, the existing road infrastructure is adequate.
 Moreover, as the construction phase for the proposed project will be few months, the impact
would be temporary.

4.2.7.2 OPERATION PHASE IMPACTS


4.2.7.2.1 POPULATION
In the operational phase, about 30 workers will be employed for the proposed project. This
number of employee is very small compared to the total population of the study area. Also as a
social impact mitigation measure, Unit will endeavor to employ most of these people from within

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.20


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

the study area at worker level, subject to availability of suitable manpower in the area. So the
proposed project in its operational stage is not expected to directly affect the total number or
composition of population in the study area significantly. However the population of the study
area is expected to increase marginally due to migration of persons from outside of the study area.
4.2.7.2.2 EMPLOYMENT
All efforts will be made to employ local people as far as possible. In addition, employment will be
generated by the secondary supporting activities e.g. transportation, communication, boarding,
daily utility services.
4.2.7.2.3 TRANSPORTATION
Because of the good network of transportation facilities in the study area, the additional truck
traffic generated during the operational phase is not expected to bring any considerable load to the
existing transportation system.
4.2.7.2.4 IMPACT DUE TO FIRE ACCIDENT
The project design and development has been planned with care and all provisions have been
made for the safety and security of the property as well as the personnel.
4.2.7.2.5 IMPACT ON PUBLIC HEALTH
The discharge of waste materials (gaseous emission and solid wastes) from the project can have
some adverse impact on public health in the surrounding area, if appropriate treatment procedures
are not followed.
4.2.7.2.6 ACCIDENT HAZARD AND SAFETY
During operational phase accident / hazards will be greatly minimized and ensure further safety of
the local people. In addition, by adopting mitigation measures it will ensure high safety standards.
Mitigative Measure
 Provision of adequate APC and maintains of APC will prevent any accidental emission from
stacks and reduce risk to the health of the people in the vicinity of the project.
 All safety measures will be carried out to prevent any accident. The unit will have onsite /offsite
emergency plan

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.21


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

4.3 IMPACT MATRIX

The parameter discussed are presented in the form of a matrix in Table 4.4.There will be both
construction and operation phases.
The quantification of impact is done using numerical scores 0 to 5 as per the following criteria.

Score Severity criteria

0 No Impact

1 No damage

2 Slight/short term effect

3 Occasional reversible effect

4 Irreversible /Long –term effect

5 Permanent Damage

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.22


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

TABLE 4.4
ENVIRONMENT IMPACT MATRIX (WITH MITIGATION MEASURES)
Phase Activities during Air Water Noise Land Infra- Ecological Health safety Socio-
the quality quality & quality Structure environm & Aesthetics Economic
Phase Odour /Services ent Status
Construction

Excavation, civil work, transportation of


construction vehicle
phase

2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1

Water requirement 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Material Storage/handling/
2 1 2 2 2 2 2 0
Transport
Effluent discharge
0 2 0 0 2 1 0 0
(considering discharge to CETP)
Utilities 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
Operation phase

Gaseous emissions 2 0 1 1 0 1 2 0
Fugitive emissions 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Solid/hazardous Waste
1 1 1 1 2 1 2 0
Disposal
Spills & Leaks 2 1 0 1 1 1 2 0
Plant Operations 2 2 1 0 1 1 2 1
Equipment Failures/ Shutdown/
Startup 2 2 1 0 2 1 2 1

Transport of workers/Movement
1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
of vehicles
Cumulative score 18 12 10 08 15 12 18 04

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.23


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

TABLE 4.5
CUMULATIVE IMPACT CHART
Environmental Total Cumulative
Parameter
Air Quality 18
Water Quality 12
Noise and Odor 10
Land Quality 08
Infrastructure/ Service 15
Ecological environment 12
Socio Economic Status 18
Health safety & Aesthetics 04

Conclusion:
The source of water will be GIDC water supply schemethere will be no extraction of ground water. The
entire waste water generated is treated in unit’s own Effluent Treatment Plant and treated effluent is send
to CETP, Nandesari.Even though after provision of APCM, there will be negligible increase in ground
level concentration of SO2, NOx, PM, and NH3 in ambient air due to construction and operational
activities of proposed project.
Construction activities will disturb soil profile but impact will be insignificant. The unit will take
adequate measure for storage, handling and disposal hazardous waste. Hence, there will be no significant
adverse impact on land environment.
Engineering control, use of PPE, restriction of construction activity during 10 p.m. to 6 a.m., and green
belt will reduce impact of noise pollution due to construction work, vehicular movement and noise
generating equipment. There will be minor increase in ambient noise level and impact will be
insignificant.

The project site is at a far distance from the forest land, wild life sanctuaries and national parks. The unit
is located in Nandesari, Gujarat. There will be not significant impact on crops & vegetation as the
proposed APCM will take care of flue gas emission and process emission.

This will be a beneficial impact on the local socio-economic environment as increase in demand for
essential utilities and employment during both construction and operational phase.
This will be a beneficial impact on the local infrastructure services e.g. roads, post and telegraph,
communication, medical facilities, education, housing will be improved in surrounding area.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 4.24


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

CHAPTER -5
ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PROGRAM
5.1 INTRODUCTION
Environmental monitoring describes the processes and activities that need to take place to characterize
and monitor the quality of the environment. Environmental monitoring is used in the preparation of
environmental impact assessments, as well as in many circumstances in which human activities carry a
risk of harmful effects on the natural environment. All monitoring strategies and programmed have
reasons and justifications which are often designed to establish the current status of an environment
and Prediction of the impact of future development and/or alteration in the operation and design of
existing installations. Environmental Monitoring Network is operation phase of the project for
monitoring of various environmental parameters like air, water, noise, soil etc.
A well-defined environmental monitoring programme would be employed with trained and qualified
staff of Environmental Management Cell of the proposed expansion project to monitor the
environmental attributes of the area with respect to EMP as well as the guidelines of the GPCB/CPCB.
Environment monitoring schedule proposed to be adopted by the project.
5.2 OBJECTIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
 To comply with the statutory requirements of monitoring for compliance with conditions of
NOC.
 To comply with the provision of Factory Act & MSIHC Rules.
 To verify the results of the impact assessment study in particular with regards to new
development.
 Identification of any significant adverse transformation in environmental condition to plan
additional mitigation measures; if & as required.
 To check or assess the efficiency of the controlling measures.
 To ensure that new parameters, other than those identified in the impact assessment study, do
not become critical through the commissioning of new project.
 To establish a data base for future Impact Assessment Studies for new project.
5.3 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE OF MONITORING MEASURES
Monitoring should be done as periodically to understand the environmental condition of the site.
The mitigation measures suggested in the Chapter-4 should be implemented so as to reduce the impact
on environment due to the operations of the proposed project. In order to facilitate easy
implementation, mitigation measures are phased as per the priority implementation. The priority of the
implementation schedule is given in Table 5.1.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 5. 1


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

TABLE 5.1
IMPLEMENTATION POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES

Sr. Required Measures Stage Remarks


No.
1. Air pollution control During operation Scrubber system will be provided as
measures stage APCM
2. Ground Water During construction As per IS 10500 Standard
Criteria and Drinking and Operation stage. Quarterly monitor quality of water.
Water parameter.
3. Waste Water Operation phase of Treated at ETP by hydrocavitation
Treatment the project method followed to CETP, Nandesari.
4. Greenbelt During construction Plantation will be done along the
development stage & operation periphery within premises.
stage.
5. Solid waste disposal Construction and Solid waste to be segregated and
operation phase of disposal as per guideline.
the project
6. Hazardous waste Operation phase of Collection /storage /transportation
disposal the project /disposal at TSDF- BEIL& RSPL,
Ankleshwar & disposal as per
Hazardous waste rule 2016.

5.4 POLLUTION MONITORING AND SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM


Regular monitoring of important parameters is of immense importance to assess the status of
environment during plant operation. With the knowledge of baseline conditions, a properly planned
monitoring program can serve as an indicator for assessment of any deterioration in environment
conditions. This will facilitate undertaking suitable measures to mitigate adverse impact during the
operation of the plant and further help to protect the environment in the area. The main attributes for
which monitoring shall be carried out are:
 Ambient Air Quality
 Stack Emission
 Effluent water Quality
 Noise Level
The above mentioned sources will be monitored so as to meet the requirements of the State Pollution
Control Board.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 5. 2


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

5.4.1 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING


The ambient air quality with respect to PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NOX and NH3 shall be monitored at ETP,
process area, storage area and one location in downwind direction. The frequency of monitoring will
be every three month by external approved monitoring agency.
The log book shall be maintained at environment cell for evaluation of impact and to decide required
migratory measures.
5.4.2 STACK MONITORING
All the flue gas stacks in the proposed project shall be monitored with respect to temperature, oxides
of nitrogen (NOX), Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) and Sulphur dioxide (SO2) level. The
process stacks shall be monitored for NH3.
5.4.3 NOISE MONITORING
Monitoring of noise levels is essential to assess the effectiveness of Environmental Management
Plan implemented to reduce noise levels. A good quality sound level meter and noise exposure
meter may be procured for the same. Audiometric tests shall be conducted periodically for the
employees working close to the high noise sources. The noise levels due to machines/equipments
viz. compressor, motors, engines etc shall be monitored regularly.
5.4.4 WATER AND WASTE WATER QUALITY MONITORING
Daily analysis of effluent stream is recommended. Sampling and analysis of the raw effluent,
collection tank, Primary Settling Tank will be conducted regularly.
The detailed monitoring plan is tabulated in Table 5.2.
TABLE: 5.2
EMISSION MONITORING PLAN
Sr. Description Location Parameter To Frequency of Monitoring
No. be Monitored
1. Flue Gas Three boilers PM ,SO2 and Monitoring will be done by
Emission stacks NOX external monitoring agency once
Monitoring Plan (Natural Gas), in three months.
one stack of
Thermopack
(Natural Gas.),

2. Process Reactor NH3 Quarterly by external monitoring


Emission Vessels agency.
Monitoring Plan Online monitoring system with
alarm and recording facility .
3. Fugitive Process area & Relevant solvent Daily by internal system.
Emission storage area (VOC) and Quarterly by external monitoring
Monitoring Plan acidic fumes. agency.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 5. 3


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

Sr. Description Location Parameter To Frequency of Monitoring


No. be Monitored
4. Ambient Air ETP, Process PM10,PM2.5, Within premises ambient air
Monitoring Plan area,storage SO2, NOX and monitoring station will be
area and one NH3 established in consultation with
location in GPCB.
downwind Quarterly by external monitoring
direction agency
5. Noise Any five Noise Quarterly by external monitoring
Monitoring location within agency in day time and night time.
company
premises
6. Water Quality Monitoring
6.1 Effluent Quality Primary For, pH, 1) Every three month by external
Before equalization COD,TSS, approved monitoring agency.
Neutralization tank Ammonical
nitrogen, oil and 2) Every day by self-analytical
grease facility.
6.2 Effluent quality Neutralization For, pH, COD, 1) Every three month by external
after Tank TSS, approved monitoring agency.
neutralization Ammonical 2) Every day by self-analytical
nitrogen. facility.
6.3 Water quality at Guard Tank For, pH, TSS, Every day by self-analytical
Guard tank. Chlorides, facility.
Ammonical
nitrogen.
7. Water Quantity Monitoring
7.1 Inlet & Outlet ETP Quantity in KL Flow meter
7.2 Inlet & Outlet Boiler Quantity in KL Flow meter
7.3 Inlet & Outlet Cooling Tower Quantity in KL Flow meter
7.4 Inlet Process Quantity in KL Flow meter
7.5 Inlet Domestic Quantity in KL Flow meter
8. Hazardous waste quantity Monitoring
8.1 ETP Sludge ETP Quantity Record Maintain
generated &
Disposed in MT
8.2 Spent Oil Lubrication Quantity Record Maintain
generated &
Disposed in MT

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 5. 4


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

Sr. Description Location Parameter To Frequency of Monitoring


No. be Monitored
8.3 Discarded Storage Quantity Record Maintain
Container generated &
Disposed in
Nos.
8.4 Process residue Process Quantity Record Maintain
(Sodium generated &
Bromide Disposed in MT
Solution )
8.5 Carbon Process and Quantity Record Maintain
ETP generated &
Disposed in MT
8.6 Generated Process Quantity Record Maintain
Solvent generated &
Disposed in MT
9. Electricity Consumption Monitoring
9.1 ETP Plant Hydrodynamic Electricity Separate electricity meter and
Cavitation daily reading will be noted.

9.2 Air pollution Scrubbers Electricity Separate electricity meter and


control system daily reading will be noted.

10 Environment Audit
10.1 Environment audit will be carried out once in year through GPCB recognized schedule-1
Environment Auditors. This is as per directive of Hon. Gujarat High Court.

5.5 COST PROVISION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES


For environment protection, management and pollution control and treatment and monitoring systems,
appropriate budgetary provision would be made and provision for recurring expenditure for
environment management of the project would be made. The details of budget allocation during
construction phase and operation phase are given in Table 5.4.
5.5.1 COST ESTIMATES
A Budget allocation for effective Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) is proposed during
construction phase and operation phase is given in Table 5.4.

TABLE 5.4
BUDGET ALLOCATION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

CONSTRUCTION PHASE

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 5. 5


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

Sr. Pollution Control Measures Operating cost


No. (Rs. In Lakhs)
1. Dust suppression during construction 1 Lakhs
TOTAL 1Lakhs
OPERATION PHASE
Sr. Pollution Control Measures Approximate Approximate
No. Capital Cost Recurring Cost
(Rs. In Lakhs) Per Annum
(Rs. In Lakhs)
1. Air Pollution Control 5 2
2. Water Pollution Control 28 5
3. Environment Monitoring 6 2
and Management
4 Green Belt Development 20 2

5. Solid Waste Management 20 5


6. Fire Safety & Equipment 20 2
TOTAL 99 18

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 5. 6


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

CHAPTER -7
PROJECT BENEFITS
INTRODUCTION
The company is committed for contribution of funds and provides the services for the upliftment of local
community in the nearby villages and growth in the industrial sector creates new opportunities for
employment and can also help diversify the economy. This is especially important given the high level of
urbanization, growing levels of unemployment and poverty in many cities.
Synergistic growth in the chemical industries could have positive spin-offs for the socioeconomic
development. The use of chemical further leads to development in field of research and development.
This chapter describes about benefits of the project on improvements in the physical infrastructure, social
infrastructure and employment potential in the region.
7.1 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ACTIVITIES
 Programs for environmental education and public participation shall be developed with the help of
visual aids to create awareness about the activities.
 It has been planned to sponsor to the educational institutes.
 The proponents have also planned to provide training to the ladies for livelihood enhancement
projects.
 Proper awareness campaign shall be organized by the project proponent for water conservation.
 Periodic health checkup camps shall be organized by the project authority for workers families and
surrounding localities.
 In order to increase the aesthetic environment, road side plantation program shall be carried out.
 Annual get –together and rewards for school children from identified villages who have shown
brilliance in education, sports, cultural activities etc. will be arranged.
7.2 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
This project will increase the economic activities around the area, creating avenues for direct/ indirect
employment during operation phase of the project. There would be a wider economic impact in terms of
generating opportunities for other business like workshops, marketing, repair and maintenance tasks etc.
 This project will enhance India’s potential of supplying Bulk drugs/products to leading to step-up of
India’s position in global market sector and strengthening of Indian economy.
 The continuous inflow of people will require local transport systems like autos, taxis etc which would
help economic boost.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 7.1


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

7.3 EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL


There will be increase in the employment facilities due to the upcoming project:
 There will be employment opportunity for local people during construction and operation phase.
 The Unit will use latest STATE OF ART technology. Thus man power will be exposed to new
technology.
 There will be employment opportunity for local people during construction and operation phase.
7.4 ACTION PLAN FOR BUDGETARY ALLOCATION
The unit has planned to spend 5 % of the total cost of the proposed project (Rs.620 Lakhs) over a period
of five years towards CSR activity. So, as per the project cost Rs. 31 Lakhs used in the CSR activities.
Budgetary allocation is given in Table 7.1.
TABLE: 7.1
BUDGETARY ALLOCATION FOR CSR ACTIVITIES
Sr. Activity Fund Earmarked Time
No. For Activity Schedule
1. Training to unskilled workers. Rs. 4 Lakhs 1 year
2. Girl child education enhancement project. Rs. 7 Lakhs 1 year

3. Encouraging school children by way of Rs. 7 Lakhs 1 year


rewards/scholarships & Sponsorship for
Educational Institute’s.
4. Road side tree plantation and garden Rs. 5 Lakhs 1 year
development.
5. Swachchhata mission, Health awareness Rs. 4 Lakhs 6 months
and support to needed people.
6. Proper awareness campaign shall be Rs. 4 Lakhs 6 months
organized by the project proponent for
water conservation.
Provision of sanitation (toilets) facility.
TOTAL 31 Lakhs 5 Years

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 7.2


EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

CHAPTER -8
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

8.1 INTRODUCTION
Environmental protection is an issue that no organization can neglect and hope to survive. The key to the
success of the integrated approach to pollution prevention and control is the management and operation of
the organization. Effective committed management delivers a successful industry. A total commitment to
the environment, not just for compliance with legal or regulatory compliance will be the essence of
environment management of an industry. Many companies have recognized the benefits of implementing
an effective environmental management system.
8.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVE
The aim of environment management plan is to conserve natural resources and water, to prevent
pollution of environment, to ensure effectiveness of control measures and monitoring programme, to
ensure safety, welfare and good health of worker, to minimize generation of waste.
The objectives of EMP are as under:
 Pollution will be prevented or reduced at the source,
 Pollution that cannot be prevented will be recycled in to the system,
 Pollution that cannot be prevented or recycled will be subjected for recovery of chemicals using best
technologies,
 Pollution that cannot be prevented or recycled or recovered will be treated in environmentally safe
manner, and
 Disposal and other releases into the environment will be used “only as a last resort” and will be
conducted in an environmentally safe manner.
8.3 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CELL
M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt.Ltd., Nandesari, Vadodara has assigned responsibility to officers from
various disciplines to co-ordinate the activities concerned with management and implementation of
environmental control measures. Environment management cell is shown in below Figure no.8.1.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.1


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE: 8.1
ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT CELL

Directors

Factory Manager

Production Quality Control Environment and


Safety

The copy of Safety, Health and Environment Policyis attached as Annexure- X.

8.4 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN


8.4.1 CONSTRUCTION PHASE
The proposed construction related to expansion will be carried out plot 41/B-5,B-6 GIDC Estate, Behind
Ashok organic , Nandesari, Dist. Vadodara, Gujarat and GIDC has well developed road. However M/s.
ROAQ Chemicals Pvt.Ltd will ensure to keep the pollution potential level in the construction phase to a
minimum. The task will be assigned to security people and supervised by officers. The control measures
proposed by the unit to minimize the pollution during construction phase are as under Table no.8.1.
TABLE: 8.1
CONTROL MEASURES FOR CONSTRUCTION PHASE
Sr. Source Waste type/ Control measures
No. Pollution
(A) Site Preparation
1. Uplift of dust during the Dust Sprinkling of water over land, and
excavation, leveling provision of enclosure.
operations etc.
(B)Sanitation
1. Sanitation facilities. Sewage Sewage will be sent to septic Tank/Soak
Pit. The overflow of soak pit will be sent to
ETP.
(C)Noise
1. Movement of vehicles like Noise Restrict movement of vehicle between 10
truck, Dozer, Cranes pollution p.m. to 6 a.m.
All vehicles will be maintained in well
condition.
2. Construction activity Noise Engineering control, Provide noise
pollution protection devices like earmuffs, ear plug

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.2


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Source Waste type/ Control measures


No. Pollution
to worker, Rotation of work to minimize
exposure.
(D) Wastes from construction equipment
1. Dozer, Cranes Waste oil Avoid spillage, proper storage , disposal by
selling to reprocessor
2. Painting Empty Proper storage, disposal by selling to
containers of authorized buyers/incineration.
paints and
oils
3. Construction Construction Use for leveling purpose within premises
waste
8.4.2 OPERATIONAL PHASE
M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt.Ltd has proposed Environment Management Plan to keep the pollution
potential to a minimum level in the operation phase.
8.4.2. (A) AIR ENVIRONMENT
The source of air pollution will be in form of flue gas emission, process emission and fugitive emission.
The sources of flue gas emission are Three boilers and one thermo pack.There will be one stack of
process emissions. Details of height, Air pollution control system, parameter etc. are given in table 2.11.
Diagramof water scrubber followed by caustic scrubber are given in chapter-2 on page no. 2.16.The
control measures of flue gas emission and process emission are as under.
TABLE: 8.2
DETAILS OF CONTROL MEASURES FOR FLUE GAS EMISSION AND PROCESS EMISSION
Sr. Source Waste Control Measures
Type/Pollution
No.
Flue Gas Emission
1. Boiler (1 TPH x 3) Air pollutant Adequate stack height
(PM, SOx, NOx)
2. Thermo pack Air pollutant Adequate stack height
(PM, SOx, NOx)
Process Emission
1. Reactor (NH3) Water scrubber followed by Acid scrubber
Fugitive Emission
1. Solvent/ Chemical Air Pollutant The VOC emission in terms of handling losses
handling (VOC) will be reduced by storing solvents in a tank
and handling solvent/raw material feeding will
be carried out by pumps in a close loop.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.3


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Regular ambient air quality monitoring will be carried out within premises and nearby area for SO2, NOx,
PM10 and PM 2.5, in the downwind directions as well as where maximum ground level concentration is
anticipated and record of the same shall be maintained.
Work area ambient air quality monitoring will be carried out as per Gujarat Factories Rules.
FUGITIVE EMISSION
Now a day as industrial growth increases, concerns of fugitive emission also increases. Percentage of
contribution of fugitive emission to air pollution and climate change will also increase.
Probable source of Fugitive emission are raw material handling, storage tank of acid, storage tank of
solvent, leakage from valves, flange joints of pipeline, pump & motors, reactor, loading & unloading area
etc. General control measures like routine & regular inspection to identify leakage, preventive
maintenance and operational maintenance, provision of leak detection andrepair system (LDAR) and
potable instrument for measurement of VOC etcwill be implemented by the unit.
TABLE: 8.3
DETAILS OF CONTROL MEASURES FOR FUGITIVE EMISSION
Sr. Source Waste Control Measures
No. Type/Pollution
1 Solvent storage Air pollutant  Carry out work place area monitoring to find out
tank (VOC) concentration level in ambient air
 Close handling system
 Provision of breather valve cum flame arrester.
2 Solvent Air pollutant  Solvent recovery system with steam condensation
recovery system (VOC) system.
 Pumps & motors are mechanical seal type.
3 Handling of raw Air pollutant  Provision of exhaust ventilation
material bags in (PM)  Provision of PPE
storage area  Provision of Job rotation to reduce exposure
4 Flange joints of Air pollutant  Routine & periodic inspection to check leakage
pipeline, pump (VOC)  Preventive maintenance, Follow SOP for
& motors maintenance
 Pumps & motors will be mechanical seal type
 LDAR program will be followed.
5 Solid raw Air pollutant  Hopper will be provided with powder transfer
material (PM) system
transferring to
reactor
6 Liquid raw Air pollutant  Feeding of liquid raw material will be carried out by
material (VOC) closed pipeline and mechanical seal pump.
transferring to
reactor
7 Loading Air pollutant  Unloading through pipeline to tank in a close

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.4


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Source Waste Control Measures


No. Type/Pollution
/unloading at (VOC) system.
storage area
8.4.2. (B) WATERENVIRONMENT
The total water consumption of the unit will be 42.4 KL/Day. The fresh water consumption from GIDC
will be 42.4KL/day. Water required for the proposed expansion of project will be fulfilled by GIDC water
supply system.
Total waste water generation after proposed expansion will be 35.6 KL/Day. This waste water includes
waste water coming from process, washing, boiler blow down, and cooling tower blow down and
overflow from septic tank. Unit will be having Effluent Treatment Plant consists of collection tank,
equalization tank, and neutralization tank and hydro dynamic cavitation tank.
Pumps and reactors will be having mechanical seal, so there will be no leakages. The unit will provide
connection system for possibility of leakages. Leakages will be collected in a small pit which will carry
the leakages to effluent plant.
Possible spillages will be from vessel washing, transfer of liquids, to avoid the spillage fixed pipeline will
be provided. Vessel washing will be collected to effluent treatment plant. The unit will provide dedicated
area made with RCC and HDPE lining so that the washing can be directly sent to ETP plant.
The sewage of 1.4 KL/Day will be sent to septic tank/soak pit and the overflow will be send to ETP. The
description of effluent treatment process is given as under.
8.4.2.(B).1 DETAILS OF EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT
EXISTING EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT
The effluent of 1.2 KLD is treated in unit’s own effluent treatment plant consisting of neutralization and
equalization and then it is passed through filter press and the treated effluent is sent to CETP.
PROPOSED EFFLUENT TREATMENT PROCESS DESCRIPTION
The effluent from industry is segregated in two different streams mainly low COD and High COD
streams. Low COD streams from boiler blow down and cooling tower are treated in primary treatment to
achieve discharge norms. Whereas High COD stream coming from washing and process is subjected to
primary treatment followed by hydrodynamic cavitation treatment.
THEORY OF HYDRODYNAMIC CAVITATION
Hydrodynamic cavitation describes the bubble generation, bubble implosion and process of vaporization,
which occurs in a flowing liquid as a result of a decrease and subsequent increase in pressure. In pipe

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

systems, cavitation typically occurs either as the result of an increase in the kinetic energy (through an
area constriction).
The process of bubble generation, and the subsequent growth and collapse of the cavitation bubbles,
results in very high energy densities and in very high temperatures and pressures at the surface of the
bubbles for a very short time. The overall liquid medium environment, therefore, remains at ambient
conditions. Controlled cavitation can be used to enhance chemical reactions or propagate certain
unexpected reactions because free radicals are generated in the process due to disassociation of vapors
trapped in the cavitating bubbles.
Orifices and venturi are reported to be widely used for generating cavitation. A venturi has an inherent
advantage over an orifice because of its smooth converging and diverging sections, such that that it can
generate a higher velocity at the throat for a given pressure drop across it.
This is also used in the mineralization of bio-refractory compounds which otherwise would need
extremely high temperature and pressure conditions since free radicals are generated in the process due to
the dissociation of vapors trapped in the cavitating bubbles, which results in either the intensification of
the chemical reaction or may even result in the propagation of certain reactions not possible under
otherwise ambient conditions.
Hydrodynamic cavitation can also improve some industrial processes. For instance, cavitated corn slurry
show higher yields in ethanolproduction compared to uncavitated corn slurry in dry milling facilities.
Consider the case of a Venturi as shown in Figure above. At low flow rate, water is everywhere free of
cavitation. Velocity is maximum in the section of minimum area and pressure is then minimum. When the
flow rate is progressively increased, the minimum pressure decreases and there will be a critical flow rate
for which the vapor pressure is obtained at the throat. At this operating point, cavitation appears in the
section of minimum area. In Figure above, two bubbles are clearly visible in the upper part of the Venturi.
This is the start of the cavitation state. If the flow rate through the Venturi is further increased, the extent
of cavitation also increases. Figure given above gives an example of developed cavitation in the same
Venturi device. Many vapor structures which are different from single bubbles are visible.
At this point the chlorine when injected will oxidise the organic matter exploded bubble and due to the
large surface area available, the oxidation by chlorine molecule is almost instantaneous.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.6


 
EIA
A OF M/S. ROAQ
R CHEM
MICALS PV
VT LTD., G
GIDC NAND
DESARI, VA
ADODARA
A

F
FIGURE: 8.2
2
H
HYDRODYN NAMIC CA
AVITATION
N

T
Treatment Process:The
P setup for thee hydrodynaamic cavitation reactor iss given in thee figure beloow:
F
FIGURE: 8.3
3
T
TREATMEN NT PROCE
ESS

T
The waste waater is equaliised over org
ganic matterr and flow. T
The pH of thhe waste watter is raised tto 10.5 by
hyydrated lime and filtered. The waaste water iss then pumpped throughh a venturi. At the sucction side,
chhlorine is in
njected to acchieve hydro
odynamic caavitation. Thhis is a batchh process annd the systeem is kept
This is againn filtered in tthe filter press and the
unnder recirculation till thee COD is reaached to dessired limit. T
fiiltered wastee water is sen
nt for electro
olysis.

M
M/S. JYOTI OM
O CHEMICA
AL RESEARC
CH CENTRE
E PVT. LTD., ANKLESHW
WAR 8.7
 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE: 8.4
ETP FLOW DIAGRAM

Collection Flocculation Primary Hydrodynamic


Tank-1 tank-1 Settling Tank Cavitation Tank

Collection Primary
Tank-2 Treatment
Filter
Press

Hydrodynamic
Cavitation Tank-2

CETP Guard Filter


Tank Press-2

DETAILS OF DIFFERENT ETP UNITS


TABLE:8.4
DIFFERENT ETP UNITS
Sr. Name of Unit No of Unit Capacity
No.

1 Collection Cum Equalization Tank 2 10 KL


2 Flocculation Channel/Tank 1 5 KL
3 Primary Settling Tank 1 5 KL
4 Hypochloride dosing tank 2 20 KL
5 Filter Press 2 --
6 Guard Tank 1 30 KL

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.8


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

TABLE:8.5
EFFLUENT QUALITY AS PER TREATMENT
Sr. Category of Waste Before After Primary After Hypochloride
No. Water Treatment Treatment Dosing
1. pH 3 to 6 6.5 to 7.5 6.5 to 7.5
2. COD (mg/l) 3000-20000 3000-18000 100-250
3. BOD (mg/l) 350-6000 1000-5000 30-50
4. TDS (mg/l) 4000-5000 4000-5000 8000-10000
5. Ammonical Nitrogen 30-50 30-50 10-20
(mg/l)
6. TSS (mg/l) 150-200 50-60 70-80

TABLE: 8.6
DETAILS OF CONTROL MEASURES FOR EFFLUENT GENERATION
Sr. Source Waste Control Measures
No. Type/
Pollut
ion
1. Process, Efflue Recycling of effluent/ washings/scrubber water – when ever
washing, nt possible.Adequate Effluent treatment plant having primary.
scrubber, utility, Proper house keeping preventing contamination of ground water
Domestic uses and storm water drainage.Record of hazardous waste generation
during the treatment of waste water and its disposal.
Record of water consumption will be maintained for each usage
in future.Record of waste water generation/treatment/disposal
Record of chemicals utilization at ETP

8.4.2. (B). 1. 1 ECONOMICAL AND TECHNICAL VIABILITY OF THE EFFLUENT


TREATMENT SYSTEM
TABLE: 8.7
DETAILS OF COST OF ETP PER YEAR
Sr. Detail Expenses in Expenses in
No. Rs. Monthly Rs. Annually
1 ETP O & M 45,167 5,42,000
2 Raw Material Consumption 19,333 2,32,000
3 Environment monitoring 14,833 1,78,000
4 CETP Nandesari Charges 25,000 3,00,000
5 Drum / Liner inspection bill 5000 60,000
6 Stationery 1250 15,000
Others
6.1 Government Visit (Lab Bills+Other ) -- 40,000
6.2 Maintenance spares / pumps / Tarpolins -- 35,000
6.3 External sample testing charges -- 25,000
6.4 Raw Material Required for R & D (ETP) -- 16,000

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.9


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

purpose
7 Miscellaneous Expenses Environment -- 15,000
TOTAL(A) Rs. Per Annum 1,10,583 14,58,000

TABLE: 8.8
DETAILS OF PROFIT BY SALE OF PRODUCTS
Sr. No. Products Rs. (in Crores)
1. Valproic acid and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts
2. CarbamazepineAnd/or Oxcarbamazepine
3. Propranolol HCl and other β-blockers 10 crores
4. Fenofibrate
5. Levosulpiride
6. Biperiden HCl
The products are Active Pharmaceutical Intermediates (API’s) which are very costly in market with less
availability. Thus cost of running ETP can be easily incorporated by unit. Every year separate budget will
be alloted to run ETP.
8.4.2. (B). 1. 2 DETAILS OF CETP
Last six months of monitoring data of Nandesari CETP are shown in table 8.8.
TABLE: 8.9
MONITORING DETAILS OF NANDESARI CETP
Sr. Parameters Unit February January December November October September
No. 2017 2017 2016 2016 2016 2016
1. pH -- 8.27 7.84 7.30 7.65 8.08 7.88
2. COD mg/l 107 298 133 200 146 317
3. BOD mg/l 13 125 38 40 44 116
4. NH3-N mg/l 0.56 2.24 0.56 8.4 2.24 52.08
5. TSS mg/l 42 38 136 120 106 122
6. TDS mg/l 18866 21120 36004 33840 34630 31616

8.4.2. (C) NOISE ENVIRONMENT


The sources of noise generation will be transportation activities, D.G. set, cooling tower, plant machinery
etc. The unit will take following measures to control noise pollution.
TABLE: 8.10
DETAILS OF CONTROL MEASURES FOR NOISE POLLUTION
Sr. Source Waste Control measures
No. type/pollution
1. Transportation Noise pollution  Green belt,
activities  Restriction on transportation between 10 p.m. to
6 a.m.
 Maintain vehicle in good condition.
2. D.G.set Noise pollution  A caustic encloser,

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.10


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

 Engineering control,
 Provision of PPE, Green belt,
3. Plant/process area Noise pollution  Maintain equipment & machines in good
working condition.
 Isolated noisy area from other area by distance
and if it is not possible than by physical
separation or noise proof valve.
 Provide silencer to safety valve, relief valve
 Provision of PPE,
 Green belt,
 Record noise level monitoring of different places
within and outside premises,
 Periodically Audio metric test.,
 Rotation of work to minimize exposure.

8.4.2. (D) LAND ENVIRONMENT


RAW MATERIAL & PRODUCT STORAGE AREA
The unit will take following control measures to prevent land contamination from raw material storage
and handling.
 Raw materials will be stored in M.S tanks, S.S tank and HDPE Carboys, HDPE bags,etc in sepereate
storage room.
 Separate collection system is provided for collection of spillage material. Impervious layer, RCC roads
and flooring is provided to area, where the chemical storage and handling activities is involved.
 Hazardous flammable substances are separately stored within premises. Solvent transfer will be done
by pumps. Reactor & solvent handling pump have mechanical seal.
 The acid tanks will be provided with dyke wall to control spread of leakages.
Following measures will be taken to minimize impact on land environment and improve soil conditions.
HAZARDOUS WASTE AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Waste is an unavoidable byproduct of human activity. Economic development, rapid urbanization &
improved living standards have led to the increase in quantity & complexity of the waste generated.
Proper disposal of waste is essential for preservation and improvement of public health.
Solid waste management is one of the most essential services for maintaining the quality of life in the
plant and for ensuring better standards of health and sanitation. Solid waste generated in the plant area can
be handled under two main categories, namely domestic wastes and industrial wastes. Effective measures
shall be taken to effectively implement the solid waste management systems in the plant. Solid waste will
be handed over to authorized vendor for disposal.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.11


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

The Hazardous wastes shall be handled and disposed as per Hazardous Waste (Management and
Handling) Rules, 2016.
The Waste Management plan includes:
• Waste Inventory
• Classification of waste
• Packaging, Storing and Transporting Wastes to Disposal site
• Data Management and Reporting -Personnel Training
• Waste Minimization
General Guidelines for Waste Management:
1. Solid waste
 The solid waste shall be segregated as bio-degradable and non-biodegradable.
 The organic waste shall be segregated and handed over to outside agency for disposal.
 The non-biodegradable (inorganic) waste shall be handed over to authorized recycler for further
handling and disposal.
 Reuse of paper and plastic waste.
 Planned system for waste collection, segregation and disposal.
 E-waste will be disposed as per E-Waste (Management) Rule, 2016.
2. Hazardous waste
 Hazardous waste will be stored in proper storage room and handed over to authorized vendor for
final disposal.
 The collection, treatment and disposal of hazardous waste will be as per Hazardous waste
(Management and Handling) Rules 2016, and hence no adverse impact on land environment is
envisaged.
 It is proper management it will be stored separately in dry & covered place with RCC plat form.
There will be provision of separately storage area of 117.71sq.mt.
 Forklift truck will be used in shifting, loading and unloading operation for hazardous waste to
minimize manual handling of hazardous waste.
 Necessary PPE’s shall be provided to workers while handling of hazardous waste.
 The details of quantity of hazardous waste generated and disposal mode are given in below Table
no. 8.8.
A copy of membership certificate of Landfill site is attached as Annexure-IX.
Forklift will be used in shifting, loading and unloading operation for hazardous waste to minimize manual

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.12


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

handling of hazardous waste.


TABLE: 8.11
DETAILS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION & DISPOSAL MODE
Sr. Type of Category Existing Proposed Total Method Of Disposal
Waste CCA No.- Quantity Quantity
No. AWH-68944 per Year per Year
Quantity
Per Year
1. ETP Sludge 34.4 1MT/Year 15 16 Collection, Storage,
MT/Year MT/Year Transportation, Disposal
at TSDF of Nandesari
Environment Control
Ltd(NECL).
2. Process 28.1 6MT/Year 54 60 Collection, Storage,
residue MT/year MT/Year Transportation, Disposal
(Sodium at By selling to
Bromide authorized end users
Solution ) having permission under
rule-9.
3. Carbon 28.2 3.5 MT/Year 2.88 6.38 Collection, Storage,
MT/Year MT/Year Transportation, Disposal
at Co-incineration or
common incinerator.
4. Generated 28.6 12 MT/Year 120 132MT/Y Collection, Storage,
Solvent MT/Year ear Transportation, Disposal
at By selling to
authorized end users
having permission under
rule-9.
5. Discarded 33.3 96 Nos./Year 5000 5096 Collection, Storage, and
Containers Nos./Year Nos./Year Decontamination within
& Bags. factory premises and sell
to authorized dealer.
6. Used Oil 5.1 -- 50 lit/Year 50 lit/Year Collection, Storage, and
disposal by selling to
registered authorized
recyclers.

METHODOLOGY FOR DECONTAMINATION


 For disposal of discarded bags and containers, the guideline provided by theGujarat Pollution Control
Board will be followed. It will be ensured that containers are empty before taken for disposal. As per
the guidelines all the containers will be washed properly, the washings will be checked for pH and
COD. The pH should be neutral and COD should be NIL. This will ensure that the containers are
cleaned before taken for disposal. Removal or defacing of all labeling and content of all product and

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.13


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

waste material will be regular practice. The sticker will be put on individual container as "cleaned".
The container will be deposited in the area marked for disposal. Then the containers will be inspected
by the certifying agency approved by the GPCB. In confirmation of the quality of the cleaning they
will issue the stickers for identification. After receiving the stickers that should be pasted on to the
containers. Then the containers are disposed off to actual raw material supplier.
SOIL ENVIRONMENT
Following measures will be taken to minimize impact on land environment and improve soil conditions.
(I) Earth / Construction Debris
 Excavated earth will be backfilled in the trench after foundation work and top soil will be restored
for the agricultural/ gardening purpose. The remaining excavated material will be disposed off or
spread out in low laying area.
 Precautions should be taken to minimize damage to native plants (if any) on the periphery of
construction area.
 The natural gradient of the area should be maintained after reinstatement to avoid water logging.
 The construction debris as well as debris from demolition work shall be utilized within the site for
leveling purpose and base course preparation of internal roads.
 The materials like steel and other recyclable material shall be segregated and reused or sold to
authorize vendors for reuse.
(II) Topsoil Segregation
 Where topsoil is present, it is required to be segregated. Estimated Excavation quantity would be
around. The same would be used within the premises for filling, leveling etc. Top soil of the site
will be collected at site and reused for landscaping. Debris generated will be used for leveling. The
following practices, as regard to top soil segregation will be adhered during trenching:
 Existing topsoil which is removed during construction should be stockpiled temporarily for
replacement whenever required.
 Topsoil and sub-soil will be segregated during trenching and stockpiled separately.
 Topsoil should be removed to its actual depth or to a maximum of 30 cm as determined by HSE
representative for the spread.
 Topsoil shall not be used for padding, backfill or trench breakers, under any circumstances.
 Topsoil shall be stored on the non-traffic side of the trench.
 Topsoil shall not be used as fill for the trench.
8.4.2. (E) SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.14


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

To minimize adverse impacts arising out due to the project activity, Mitigative measures are suggested in
the EMP. Proper implementation of EMP would mitigate adverse impacts in theregion. Prior information
about the project should be given to locals in study area.
 An emergency plan should be prepared in advance, to deal with fire fighting.
 The authority should make an assessment of the safe, legal load limits of all the bridges, streets
that may be traversed heavy equipment.
 All construction material and equipment should be stored in a neat and orderlymanner so that land
owners whose land is utilized for this purpose will not suffer.
Construction workers
 Local people will be employed for construction work to the maximum extentpossible.
 Proper facility for domestic water supply, sanitation and other essential services willbe made
available to the construction workers.
 Temporary toilets will be provided which will be connected to septic tank with soakpits.
 The facilities should be maintained in a clean, odour free condition and care shouldbe taken to
avoid soil and groundwater contamination.
 Face masks, gloves and other personal protective equipments shall be provided toworkers to
prevent health hazard during construction activities.
8.4.2. (F) GREEN BELT DEVELOPMENT
The main objective of green belt is to provide a barrier between source of pollution and surrounding area
by filtering the air particulate and interacting with gaseous pollutants before it reaches to the ground. The
company has existing green belt area of 165.80sq m. The unit will allocate 20 lakhs for further green belt
development.
The unit will plant trees like Babool (Vachellianilotica), Peepal (Ficusreligiosa), Neem
(Azadirachtaindica), Asopalav (Polyalthialongifolia), Banyan, Kapok (Ceibapentandra), Nilgiri
(Eucalyptus), Gulmohar (Delonixregia), Pelta Farm, Kashid
Preparation of Greenbelt Plan
The proposed greenbelt development should be of a suitable width along theperiphery of project site area
including unit complex, space between the unitslocatedwithin the project, along the roads, storage areas,
loading / unloading areas ofproducts etc.
Criteria for Selection of Species for Greenbelt
The plant species suitable for green belt development should be selected based on characteristics.
 It should have thick canopy cover

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.15


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

 They should be perennial and evergreen


 They should have high sink potential for pollutants
 They should be efficient in absorbing pollutants if any without significantly affecting their growth.
Guidelines for Plantation
The plant species identified for greenbelt development should be planted using pittingtechnique. The pit
size should be either 45 cm × 45 cm × 45 cm or 60 cm × 60 cm ×60 cm. bigger pit size is prepared on
marginal and poor quality soil. Soil used forfilling the pit should be mixed with well decomposed farm
yard manure for 45cm ×45 cm × 45 cm and 60 cm × 60 cm × 60 cm size pits respectively. The filling of
soilshould be completed at least 5-10 days before actual plantation. Healthy sapling ofidentified species
should be planted in each pit.
Roadside Plantation
Roadside plantation plays a very important role for greening the area, increasing theshady area, increasing
aesthetic value and for eco-development of the area. Theapproach roads to project site will be planted
with flowering trees. Trees should beplanted to increase aesthetic value as well as shady area along the
roads.Each plant shows different air pollution tolerance level depending upon number of factors. The trees
should be tolerant to air pollutants present in the area & should beable to grow and thrive on soil of the
area, be evergreen, inhabitant, having minimumof leaf fall. The trees should be tall in peripheral curtain
plantation and with large andspreading canopy in primary and secondary attenuation zone. It is also
recommendedto plant few trees, which are sensitive to air pollution as air pollution indicator.
8.4.2. (G) VEHICULAR POLLUTION CONTROL
 All vehicles will be maintained in well condition by regular preventive maintenance to reduce the
exhaust level.
 Drivers of all vehicles used in the transportation will be trained in transportation of Hazardous
chemicals to prevent any accident. Fitness and training test certificate approved by R.T.O to be
maintained on the vehicle at all times to ensure transport worthiness.
8.4.2. (H) BUDGETORY PROVISION PROPOSED FOR ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
CONTROL MEASURES
Description of capital cost and recurring cost for environment control measures for different type of
activities like environment monitoring, green belt, effluent treatment plant and hazardous waste storage
and disposal is given below in Table no. 8.12.
TABLE: 8.12

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.16


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

CAPITAL COST AND RECURRING COST FOR ENVIRONMENT CONTROL


MEASURES
Sr. Pollution Control Measures ApproximateCapital Approximate Recurring Cost
No. Cost(Rs. In Lakhs) Per Annum(Rs. In Lakhs)
1. Air Pollution Control 5 2
2. Water Pollution Control 28 5
3. Environment Monitoring
6 2
and Management
4 Green Belt Development 20 2
5. Solid Waste Management 20 5
6. Fire Safety & Equipment 20 2
TOTAL 99 18
* The cost is proposed for green belt development within premises and outside premises.

8.4.2. (I) HEALTH AND SAFETY


Occupational health impact and mitigation measures to avoid health hazard are as under
 All reasonably practical measures will be adopted by the unit to minimize the risk of accidents within a
chemical manufacturing unit
 All building plans and installations will be as per relevant laws and approved by competent authority
 Training is imparted to all workers for all the hazardous process operations within the plant and will be
supervised by experienced supervisors
 Suitable personnel protective equipments and fire extinguishers at strategic locations and suitable
personal protective equipments will be provided
 Flame proof electrical fittings, flame arrestors etcwill be installed
 All the raw materials & solvents will be stored in designated storage area equipped with necessary
safety features.
 Physical and chemical properties of raw materials and products as MSDS is provided as soft copy in
CD.
 The solvent storage area will be restricted for unauthorized persons. Proper earthling will beprovided in
all electrical equipment whenever solvent handling is done. Flame arrester cum breather valve and flame
proof fitting will be provided at tank farm.
 Periodic inspection & testing of pressure vessels, equipments, and machineries will be done.
 Good housekeeping will be ensured within the factory premises

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.17


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

 All designated staff & workers will be trained for the fire fighting, work permit system, first aid and
safe handballing of hazardous chemicals.
 Incident/accident reporting system will be developed and all the employees are made aware for the
same.
 Suitable notices/boards will be displayed at designated locations indicating appropriate hazard
warnings.
 Antidotes as well as MSDS for all the chemicals will be made available within the factory premises.
 Pre-employment medical check up at the time of employment will be carried out. In order to safe guard
the health of the employees, all the employees undergo periodic health checkup at every six month.
8.4.2. (J) CLEANER PRODUCTION
 Discarded containers/bag will be sent back for raw material filling/selling to authorize recycler
after decontamination.
 The unit will be using green chemistry for manufacturing of bulk drugs, which will result in
energy savings.
 All steam condensate will be recycled.
 Cleaner production options will be explored further.
 The unit will try to recover the chemicals in the effluent in near future.
 Unit will use natural gas as a clean fuel.
 Vacuum cleaner will be used to recover spilled material.
 Housekeeping will be regularly maintained. Dedicated staff for the purpose will be employed.
 Products will be manufactured on campaign basis to reduce repeated cleaning of reactors.
 Whenever possible, extra filter cloths for centrifuges will be stocked to avoid/ minimize the
washings.
 Solvents recovery will be maximized and uncondensed solvent will be scrubbed in water. The
scrubbed water will be subjected to further solvent recovery.
8.4.2. (K)SOLVENT RECOVERY SYSTEM WITH SCRUBBER TO CONTROL VOC
A solvent recovery system comprises of two stage heat exchangers. Cooling tower water is circulated in
primary heat exchanger and in secondary heat exchanger chilled water circulation is done. The
uncondensed solvent after the secondary heat exchanger will be diverted to water scrubber the traces of
solvent will get dissolved in water. On getting saturation, the solvent mix water will be subjected for

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.18


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

recovery of solvent (if feasible) and/or water will be diverted to ETP plant for further treatment the
process will ensure no VOC emission from solvent recovery system.
The scrubbing system consists of a scrubber (packed column absorber), an exhaust blower and scrubbing
media circulation via pumps followed by carbon adsorption tower. The vapors coming from the process
vents and raw material storage area enters the primary scrubber where they are absorbed in water. Thus,
the air leaving from the scrubber is clean, which is again feed into the secondary tower consists of carbon
to trap any remaining VOC. The figure of scrubber system is given below as figure. The details of
scrubber system and features of scrubber system are given below in Table no. 8.13 and Table no. 8.14.
TABLE 8.13
DETAILS OF WATER SCRUBBER SYSTEM FOR VOC
Sr. No. Name of Units Capacity Quantity MOC
1 Water Scrubber 5 KL 1 HDPE/PP FRP

TABLE 8.14
SPECIFICATIONS OF WATER SCRUBBER SYSTEM
Description Details
Velocity gas 10 Kg/Hr
Gas flow 10 Kg/Hr
Blower Capacity 75 CFM
Pump Capacity 250 L/Hrs
Scrubbing media Water
Column diameter 300 mm
Column packed height 3M
Total column height 4.5 M

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.19


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

FIGURE 8.5
DIAGRAM OF WATER SCRUBBER FOLLOWED BY CARBON TOWER

VOC Vent
Cooling Tower Line
Chilled Water
Circulation Spray

Primary Secondary
Condenser Condenser

Receiver
Un
Reactor scrubbed
VOCs

Water Tank

Carbon
Adsorption tower

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 8.20


 
EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

8.4.2. (L) ODOUR MANAGEMENT PLAN


Odour Problem and Sources of Emissions
 Causes of odour can be bad sanitation, bacterial growth in the interconnecting pipes & unattended
drains etc.
Remedial Measures
 Better management to avoid staling.
 Use of sanitation biocides to minimize the growth of aerobic/anaerobic microorganisms.
 Steaming of major pipe lines.
 Proper cleaning of drains.
Following Additional methods can also be used to reduce odour nuisance:
 Green belt development in the buffer zone may help at least partially to mitigate / obfuscate the
odour.
 Ensuring that the operation is carried out under the best management practices.
 If still the odour persists, nozzles, sprayers and atomizers that spray ultra-fine particles of water or
chemicals can be used along the boundary lines of area sources to suppress odour.
TABLE: 8.15
PROPOSED ODOUR CONTROL MEASURES

Sr. Probable Source Proposed Control Measures


No.
1. Pump handling odorous  Use of mechanical seals of pumps and compressor.
chemicals and pressured  All pipeline and pipe fitting shall be well maintain, wear
gases and tear shall be attended promptly.
2. At reactor during charging  Liquid raw material will be charged by pumping and
of liquid and solids closed loop.
chemicals
3. Pressure release valve  For highly pressurized lines, vent lines of PRVs to air
emission from pipeline pollution control device in case of toxic gases.
4. Release from sampling  Using a close loop sampling system.
lines
5. Emission from bulk storage  Breather valve, PSVs, Rupture disc will be provided.
tank during unloading  Vapor recovery system will be installed for process and
storage vent tank.
6. Leak from valves, flanges,  Welded pipes will be used wherever feasible.
plugs and instrument  Suitable gasket material to be used.
connection.  Suitable gland packing will be used in valves.
 Periodic inspection and maintenance of pipes and pipe
fittings.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

Sr. Probable Source Proposed Control Measures


No.
7. Chemical vapors from wet  Filtration will be done out in Agitated Neutch filter.
cake in filtration and drying Transfer and drying of wet-cake done in system shall be
area adopted, worker shall be provided PPEs, fume extraction
system shall be provided, whenever require.
8. Warehouse storing drums  Spillages shall be strictly prevented by providing dip
and bags pans, proper handling equipment, minimum manual
operation, local exhaust and roof top ventilators.
 Spill control procedures and equipment shall be
provided.

8.4.2. (M) RAIN WATER HARVESTING SCHEME


Rainwater harvesting is a mechanism involved in collecting, storing and using rainwater when it ismost
needed. A rainwater harvesting system comprises of various stages – transporting rainwaterthrough pipes
or drains, filtration, and storage in tanks for reuse or recharge. There are fivecomponents in a rainwater
harvesting system namely catchment, conveyance, filtration, storage andrecharge.
Advantages of Rain Water Harvesting
There are various advantages of Rain Water recharging from which some of those are listed below:
 Prevent evaporation and runoff of rain water and convey it to recharge groundwater especially
insuch areas where runoff is very high.
 Solution to water scarcity problems.
 Effective rise in ground water levels.
 It’s economical and energy saving as it prevents extraction of water from depleting ground
watertable.
 Easy operation and maintenance.
Design of rain water harvesting
 Quantity of Rain water collected depends upon:
 (a) Average rainfall intensity (b) Catchment area (c) Run-off coefficient.
 The rain water from the Roof tops, Paved and Green Area will be collected through PVC pipes
and then transferred to the proposed rainwater harvesting pits. Design calculations for these pits
are discussed in subsequent section.
 Based on the long term weatherdata for Vadodara district
 Annual Rainfall intensity = 632.1 mm (0.63 m)

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

 So, it is proposed to provide storage tank of volume ~100 m3. Keeping in mind four months of
Monsoon season.
 The proposed volume of rainwater harvesting pits can be created below parking area, green area or
roads etc. as per convenience. The stored rainwater will be utilized for various purposes hence
reducing required quantity of water.
Storm water management

 The drains for storm water will be kept clean and dry in summer and winter. The storm water
drains will be connected to the 100 m3 underground pit. The rain water of the premises will be
collected in this underground pit through storm water drains. The collected water will be analyzed
for any contamination of pollutants for 1st and 2nd rain during monsoon. If analysis indicates any
contamination, the collected water will be diverted to ETP plant. In case of no contamination, the
collected water will be used in cooling tower and other applications.
8.4.2. (N) ADDITIONAL MITIGATION MEASURES
In addition to the above suggested measures for management of air, water, soil, etc following additional
measures shall be provided.
ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAMME
Energy conservation measures are often the easiest, quickest and cheapest way to reduce costs and be
environmentally pro-active. Energy conservation will be one of the focuses during planning and operation
stages. The conservation efforts would consist of the following:
a. Architectural design
 Public areas will be cooled by natural ventilation as opposed to air-conditioning.
 Maximize the use of natural lighting through design.
b. Energy Saving Practices
 Purchase of energy efficient appliances.
 Constant monitoring of energy consumption and defining targets for energy conservation.
 Adjusting the settings and illumination levels to ensure minimum energy used for desired comfort
levels.
 Economizers will be provided to utilize heat.
 Condensate will be recovered and will send back to boiler.
 Proper temperature controls will be provided to reduce load on heating systems.
 Proper load factor will be maintained by the company.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

 Company will adopt good maintenance practices and will maintain good housekeeping which will
help in better illumination levels with least number of fixtures.
 On most of roofs transparent acrylic sheets will be provided to use day light and to stop use of
lights during day time.
 LED lamps will be provided.
 To the extent possible and technically feasible, energy efficient equipment will be selected.
 Gravity flow will be preferred wherever possible to save pumping energy.
 Recycling of water will be done.
c. Behavioral change on consumption
 Awareness on energy conservation.
 Training to staffs on methods of energy conservation.
WATER CONSERVATION PROGRAMME
Water conservation shall be practiced to the extent possible by use of reclaimed water for all non-potable
application like gardening, lawns an, flushing toilets etc.
(I) Minimizing Water Consumption
A combination of water saving appliances and water management measures will be planned in the plant.
The message of water conservation shall be spread to all occupiers on site by way of awareness
campaigns and circulars. Specific measures that will be implemented include the following:
(II) Management Measures
 Reduce toilet cistern volume in single flush models.
 Promote awareness on water conservation and reducing water wastage.
 Quick fixing of leaking taps pipes and toilet cisterns; Sweep with a broom and pan where possible,
rather than hose down external areas.
Minimize water use in gardens by the following measures:
 Drip irrigation system shall be used for the lawns and other green area which can save water
between 15-40% of the water use, compared with other watering techniques.
 Plants with similar water requirements shall be grouped on common zones to match precipitation
heads and emitters.
 Use of low-volume, low-angle sprinklers for lawn areas.
 Select controllers with adjustable watering schedules and moisture sensors to account for seasonal
variations and calibrate them during commissioning.Selecting a drought resistant grass.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

(III) Water Saving Investments


 Reduce water delivery in taps and showers, through the installation of low flow devices or aerators
on showerheads.
 Spring-loaded taps;
 Installation of sub-meters on key areas of water use – monitoring water use is a precursor for
management and Water Efficient Plumbing Fixtures
SAFETY MEASURES TO PREVENT THE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH HAZARDS
 All reasonably practical measures will be adopted by the unit to minimize the risk of accidents
within a chemical manufacturing unit
 All building plans and installations will be as per relevant laws and will be approved by competent
authority
 Training will be imparted to all workers for all the hazardous process operations within the plant
and will be supervised by experienced supervisors
 Suitable personnel protective equipments and fire extinguishers at strategic locations and suitable
personal protective equipments will be provided
 Flame proof electrical fittings, flame arrestors etc will be installed
 All the raw materials will be stored in designated storage area equipped with necessary safety
features
 Periodic inspection & testing of pressure vessels, equipments, and machineries will be done.
 Good housekeeping will be ensured within the factory premises
 All designated staff & workers will be trained for the fire-fighting, work permit system, first aid
and safe handballing of hazardous chemicals.
 Incident/accident reporting system will be developed and all the employees will be made aware for
the same.
 Suitable notices/boards will be displayed at designated locations indicating appropriate hazard
warnings.
 Antidotes as well as MSDS for all the chemicals will be made available within the factory
premises.
 Pre-employment medical checkup at the time of employment will be carried out. In order to safe
guard the health of the employees, all the employees undergo periodic health checkup at every six
month.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

SOCIAL WELFARE MEASURES FOR FUTURE PLANNING


Providing materials and monetary aid to schools, primary health centers, hospitals, sports, clubs and
places of worship.

 Planning to create residential, medical, educational and recreational facilities for our employees.
 Rural Development Programmers for up liftmen of people in the form of dead diction, self-help,
vocational training and guidance etc.
 Contributed in any welfare society.
 Scholarship for girls in Schools.
 Training local unprivileged boys and girls for Housekeeping, Laundry etc and provide
employment.
 Adoption of Local School / Slum for up liftmen of locals.
FINDINGS
From the foregoing sections it is clear that environmental considerations are foremost during development
of the project, at all the following levels:
(1) Project sitting (2) Planning and design (3)Project construction (4) Post project operations
The following findings are to be mentioned:

 The Project will have no significant environmental impacts during construction and operations.
 Project risks will be minimized through rigorous enforcement of national design and operational
standards.
 The environmental and safety aspects of the Project are straightforward and well understood.
 A detailed environmental impact study is carried out and EMP. No further studies are required to
elaborate these subjects.
The EMP also provides for establishing, and maintaining a system of environmental monitoring and
auditing to ensure strict compliance of all the measures identified in the EMP, and minimize adverse
environmental and social impacts.
8.4.2. (O) SHOW CAUSE NOTICE/CLOSURE NOTICE DETAIL
The unit has received show cause notices/direction in last two years. All are attached as Annexure along
with reply to show cause notice.
The unit has received show cause notices/direction in last three years. The reply by the unit is provided
below.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

TABLE 8.16
SHOWCAUSE NOTICE AND COMPLIANCE
Sr. SCN/Closure Under Act Reason for SCN Action taken Remark
No.
1. GPCB/CCA/VR Air, Water 1. Unit is 1. As directed by GPCB GPCB was
D-541/ID- Hazardous manufacturing officer during their satisfied by
22547/230739 more than official visit we had answer and
dated 17/11/2014 consented limit in stopped no action
CCA without manufacturing and taken by
prior permission started procedure for GPCB.
of board. EC expansion as
suggested by GPCB
officer. We had
assured GPCB officer
that we will not
manufacture excess
without prior
permission.
2. Acidic pool of 2. The accidic pool was
effluent is M.L. in bucket which
observed within is transferred to barrel,
plant premises. where it is neutralized
to get some product.
The wastewater
generated is then sent
to ETP. As per the
suggestion given by
GPCB officals we
have made proper
arrangements with
fixed pipeline.
3. ETP plant was 3. The ETP runs on
not in operation batch process, which
during plant visit. was the reason it was
not working during
visit of GPCB officer.
4. During plant visit 4. Noted by unit and it
housekeeping was was complied as per
not upto the suggestion received by
mark. GPCB officer.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

2. GPCB/CCA/VR Air, Water 1. Unit is 1. Unit had assured GPCB was


D-541(1)/ID- Hazardous manufacturing GPCB that they will satisfied by
22547/230739 excess products apply for necessary answer and
dated 15/04/2015 without the prior permissions from no action
permission from competant authority. taken by
GPCB. Unit is GPCB.
also
manufacturing
products without
environment
clearance.
2. W/w from 2. As per the suggestions
centrifuge is given by GPCB
collected in drums officals we have made
manually and proper arrangements
taken to ETP. with fixed pipeline.
Unit has not
provided fix
waste water
collection system
from its source to
ETP.
3. Any record for 3. Unit has started
hazardous waste maintaining records
(spent solvent, for hazardous waste as
residue, etc) is not per suggestion
maintained by the received by GPCB
unit. Designated officer.
place for
hazardous waste
storage is not
provided.
4. Unit has changed 4. Unit have changed
fuel in boiler fuel from LDO to
without taking Natural gas as LDO is
prior CTE from not availabe and not
GPCB. environmentally
friendly. Unit had
applied for necessary
permission.
3. SCN-361250 Air, Water 1. Manufacturing 1. Unit had assured GPCB was
dated 30/06/2016 Hazardous products in GPCB that they will satisfied by
quantity more apply for necessary answer and
than consented. permissions from no action
competant authority. taken by
2. You have not 2. Unit has started GPCB.
maintained record maintaining records
of hazardous for hazardous waste as
waste(spent per suggestion

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA

solvent, residue , received by GPCB


etc ). officer.

8.4.2. (P) INSPECTION REPORT AND QUERIES BY GPCB AND THEIR REPLY
The unit has been inspected by GPCB and queries have been raised. The queries have been answered by
the unit. The iinspection report with queries and their answer are attached as an Annexure-
8.5 CONCLUSION
The project can cause minor impacts only during construction phase due to the various activities involved
during that phase. However, strict adherence to the various mitigation measures as identified under the
EMP, strengthened by adequate environmental monitoring using best available technology (BAT) and
auditing and good construction practices, including the special construction methods as prescribed, will
go a long way in effectively reducing the impacts as to negligible levels.
During operation phase of the project, none of the routine activities will cause any noticeable impact on
any component of the environment, including the socio-economic component. Provision of green belt and
energy conservation shall further facilitate in overall scenario management of Environment.
Thus, it can be concluded on a positive note that after the implementation of the mitigation measures and
Environmental Management Plan, the proposed project shall have negligible impact on environment and
will benefit the local people and economy.
8.6 PROJECT IMPLIMENTATION SCHEDULE
Implementation of Project within a pre-determined time frame is an important factor for the success of a
project. Timely implementation saves on various costs like interest, administrative overheads and helps to
realize the goals as per pre-determined objectives. Implementation of Project involves co-ordination of
different activities at various levels of the firm and amongst different outside agencies. This will start
immediately after getting Environment Clearance. From the date of start, the implementation schedule
envisages completion of project in 8 months. It is considered that preliminary activities such as obtaining
necessary statutory clearance for proposed project and financial arrangements for the implementation of
the project will be made at proper dates.
The major activities to be carried out at site during project work are as follows:

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TABLE: 8.17
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE
Project implementation schedule after getting NOC from GPCB
Sr. No. Activity Required Period
1. Civil work Immediately after getting NOC-3 Months
2. Procurement of machinery 1 month after getting NOC
3. Eraction & installation of Immediately after competition of activity no.2
machinery - 2 month
4. Trial of machinery & Within 1 months after competition of activity no.3
equipment
5. Commercial activity 1 months after competition of activity no.4

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CHAPTER-9
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY & CONCLUSION
9.1 INTRODUCTION
M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt.Ltd are already engaged in manufacturing of organic Pharmaceutical at
plot 41/B-5,B-6 GIDC Estate, Behind Ashok organic , Nandesari, Dist. Vadodara, Gujarat-392140.The
Unit is having valid Consolidated Consent & Authorization (CC&A) from Gujarat Pollution Control
Board vide CC&A order no.: AWH-68944 with validity up to 11/01/2020 for manufacturing of
Organic pharmaceutical. The unit is going for expansion for range of products like Anti-Epileptic,
Anti Convulsant, Anti-Hypertensive, Anti Parkisonion and R&D products. The unit has proposed
expansion of 71.415 MT/Month of organic pharmaceuticals; therefore total production quantity after
expansion becomes 72 MT/Month.

9.1.1 LOCATION

Proposed expansion of project will be carried out at the existing plant only i.e. Plot No. 41/B-5 and
41/B-6, GIDC, Nandesari, Dist. Vadodara-391 340. It is approximately 10 km distance from Dist.
Vadodara. The approximate geographical positioning of the project site is at Latitude: 22°24’36.23”N,
Longitude: 73°5'15.75”E.

9.1.2 INVESTMENT

The total investment for proposed expansion will be in land, plant, machinery, building and
environment protection and safety. The cost of proposed expansion will be Rs. 620 lakhs.

9.1.3 INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES

The plant is located in GIDC, Nandesari, which is well-developed industrial zone. GIDC, Nandesari is
having all essential facilities such as internal roads, arrangement for supply of water and power to
industries etc.

9.2 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

9.2.1 NEED FOR THE PROJECT

Demand & supply gap is huge for the export market since products are generic in nature. Inventors of
generic products stop manufacturing & they prefer to import from Indian market. Demand for an
organic pharmaceuticalsareincreasing at the rate of almost 28- 30 % during last three years. During the
year 2017, pharmaceutical industry growth is expected to remain 21% & in terms of value to reach US
$ 17 Billion. Average export of organic pharmaceuticalsfrom India remains more than 50%. The
products are highly influenced by the market demand. In Pharma industries, Introduction of newer

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

molecules with better performance and less side effects are introduced from time to time and hence it
is essential for the project proponent to put up a multi-product facility so that the changing demand is
met and can have a positive impact over lives globally. The products vary across therapeutic segments
asAnti-Epileptic, Anti Convulsant, Anti-Hypertensive, Anti Parkisonion and R&D products have been
considered. The complete environmental assessment has been done considering the worst case
scenario and to ensure minimal impact on environment.

9.2.2 PRODUCTION AND RAW MATERIAL

The existing manufacturing capacity is 0.585 MT/Month. Total product manufacturing capacity after
expansion will be72 MT/Month.

9.2.3 RESOURCE REQUIREMENT

LAND

The total plot area of the unit is 1651.10 sq. m. The existing green belt area is approx. 165.80 sq. m.

WATER REQUIREMENT

As per consent
The source of water is GIDC Nandesari. In the existing scenario, the unit is using 4.4KLD fresh water
for industrial and domestic purpose.
Proposed scenario
For proposed expansion, the unit has proposed 41 KLD of water consumption. The total fresh water
consumption after expansion will be 45.4 KLD.

ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The power requirement after proposed expansion will be 100 HP. The source of electricity will be
MGVCL.

UTILITIES

The existing utilities like cooling tower, boilers, vaccum pump etc. New utilities will be installed in
proposed expansion such as boiler, cooling tower, air compresssors, vaccum pumps, chilling tower,
thermopack etc.

9.2.4 POLLUTION POTENTIAL SCENARIO

WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT

As per consent
As per consent, the industrial effluent generation is 1.2 KLD and sewage generation is 0.4 KLD.
Existing effluent is treated in ETP having primary treatment. Treated water is sent to CETP.

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Proposed scenario
Due to proposed expansion, additional total industrial effluent generation will be 33 KLD. Hence,
after expansion total industrial effluent generation will be 34.2 KLD (1.2 KLD existing + 33 KLD
proposed). Due to proposed expansion, additional sewage generation will be 1 KLD. Hence, after
expansion sewage generation will be 1.4 KLD (0.4 KLD + 1 KLD). Existing and proposed effluent
will be treated in unit’s own proposed ETP consisting of hydrodynamic cavitation treatment and then
sent to CETP.

GASEOUS EMISSION

FLUE GAS EMISSION

As per CCA order no. AWH- 68944, the unit has one stack of baby boilerhaving 7.62 m height.
Now, the unit has proposed two boilers of 1 TPH each, one thermo pack of 2 lakh Kcal.
PROCESS GAS EMISSION
There is no process gas emission stack in existing unit.
The unit is proposing 1stack from reactor which will be connected to water scrubber followed by acid
scrubber.
HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION
As per consent
As per CCA order no. AWH-68944, the hazardous waste generation are ETP waste (1 MT/Year),
Discarded containers/Bags (96Nos. /Year), Process waste (6 MT/Year), Carbon (3.5 MT/Year), and
Generated Solvent (12 MT/Year).
ETP waste, Process waste containing organics complex are disposed to TSDF/CHWIF. Discarded
Container/Bags and Generated solvents are sold to authorize recyclers.
Proposed scenario
After proposed expansion, hazardous waste generation details will be ETP waste (15 MT/Year),
Discarded containers/Bags (5000 Nos. /Year), Process waste (54 MT/Year), Carbon (2.88 MT/Year),
Used Oil (50 Lit./Year) and Generated Solvent (120 MT/Year).
ETP waste,Process wastewill be disposed to TSDF. Used oil will besold to registered reprocessor and
Discarded Container/Bags and Generated Solvent will be sold to authorize recyclers. Spent carbon will
be sent for co-processing.

9.3 BASELINE ENVIRONMENT STATUS

9.3.1 STUDY AREA INCLUDED IN ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING

Studies were carried out in about 5 km radial distance from the project site with respect to sampling
and analysis of air quality, water quality, noise level and soil quality. The base line data were
monitored for study period of January, 2017 to March, 2017.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

9.3.2 CLIMATE OF THE STUDY AREA

Relative humidity

The maximum relative humidity reported around 84 % and minimum relative humidity is reported
around 4 % during period of January, 2017 to March, 2017.
Temperature
The maximum temperature reported is 45OC and the minimum temperature reported is 12OC during
period of January, 2017 to March, 2017.
Rainfall
There was no rain fall in January, 2017 to March, 2017.
9.3.3 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY
Based on data obtained, it could be stated that, during the study period the value of PM10 at monitored
locations is ranged between 85-52 μg/m3 while the value PM2.5 fluctuates in the range of 41-20
μg/m3. The value of SO2 and NOx were observed to be in the range of 26-5 μg/m3 and 33-10 μg/m3
respectively. The values of NH3 were found Below Detectable Limit. The value of VOC at monitored
locations is ranged between 0.7- 0.3 ppm. The average concentration of PM2.5, SO2 and NOx are
within prescribed limit at all locations.
These concentrations at all AAQM locations were primarily caused by local phenomena including
vehicular movement and natural dusting due to human activities and wind movement.

9.3.4 WATER QUALITY

A review of the above mentioned chemical analysis of ground water samples reveals that the pH
varies from 7.4 to 8.50, Calcium and Magnesium content varies between 45 to 68.14 mg/l and 35 to
101 mg/l respectively. Total hardness and alkalinity expressed as CaCO3 ranges b e t w e en 227 to
5 2 0 mg/l and 310 to 5 5 4 mg/l respectively. Chlorides and Sulphates are found to be in the range of
298 to 1080 mg/l and 56 to 257 mg/l respectively. Nitrates and Fluorides are found to be in the
range of 2.1 to 9.7 mg/l and ND respectively. The heavy metal contents are found to be well within
the limit.

9.3.5 NOISE ENVIRONMENT

Noise level monitoring was carried out at 6 locations during period of January, 2017 to March, 2017. 
During monitoring period, the LEQ (dB (A)) noise levels varied between 53-72(dB (A)) and 48- 60
(dB (A)) during day time in industrial area and residential area respectively.
Noise levels varied between 45-53 (dB (A)) and 37-52 (dB (A)) during night time in industrial area
and residential area respectively.

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9.3.6 SOIL

.The composite soil sample was collected from project site and the villageswithin 5 km radius. The
samples were collected to determine physical and chemical characteristic of soil.

9.3.7 LAND USE OF THE STUDY AREA

As per land use study, major land use of study area of 10 km buffer area is covered by 49.21 % of
Agriculture, 25.26% of open vegetation, 13.05 % of industrial area, 3.64 % of habitation, 6.24 % of
river, 0.14 % of water body, 2.46 % of close vegetation.

9.3.8 BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT

The study of the environmental components like flora and fauna is required to assess the biological
diversity of the region. Flora and fauna can be used for biological surveillance in assessing the
environmental status. The ecological interpretation is based on secondary sources of information.
Water is the basic and essential resource for the survival of flora and fauna. The flora being the
primary producer influences the fauna of the region. The characteristic flora existing in a region
depends upon the existing conditions such as intensity of sunlight, type of soil, quality of air, including
the quality and quantity of water available, etc.

9.4 IDENTIFICATION &ASSESSMENTOF IMPACT

9.4.1 WATER ENVIRONMENT

WATER CONSUMPTION
As per consent
The source of water is GIDC Nandesari. In the existing scenario, the unit is using 4.4KLD fresh water
for industrial and domestic purpose.
Proposed scenario
For proposed expansion, the unit has proposed 41 KLD of water consumption. The total fresh water
consumption after expansion will be 45.4 KLD.
WASTE WATER GENERATION, TREATMENT & DISPOSAL
As per consent
As per consent, the industrial effluent generation is 1.2 KLD and sewage generation is 0.4 KLD.
Existing effluent is treated in ETP having primary treatment. Treated water is sent to CETP.
Proposed scenario
Due to proposed expansion, additional total industrial effluent generation will be 33 KLD. Hence,
after expansion total industrial effluent generation will be 34.2 KLD (1.2 KLD existing + 33 KLD
proposed). Due to proposed expansion, additional sewage generation will be 1 KLD. Hence, after
expansion sewage generation will be 1.4 KLD (0.4 KLD + 1 KLD).

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Existing and proposed effluent will be treated in unit’s own proposed ETP consisting of hydrodynamic
cavitation treatment and then sent to CETP.

9.4.2 AIR ENVIRONMENT

From the dispersion modeling studies conducted, it was observed that the maximum ground level
concentration occurs in the South East direction. The maximum incremental increase in concentration
for PM, SO2 and NOx is 0.34 µg/m3, 0.94 µg/m3 and 0.69 µg/m3 respectively at a distance of about 1
km in the South East direction. Whereas, the maximum incremental increase in concentration for NH3
is 0.1 µg/m3 at a distance of about 1 km in the South East direction.These concentrations at all AAQM
locations were primarily caused by local phenomena including vehicular movement and natural
dusting due to human activities and wind movement.

9.4.3 NOISE ENVIRONMENT

Adequate noise control measures such as mufflers, silencers at the air inlet/outlet, anti-vibration pad
for equipment with high vibration etc. shall be provided.Housing/casing shall be provided for all noise
generating machines. Job rotation will reduce exposure to some extent. Moreover, PPE like earmuff
and ear plugs will be provided to the operators/worker exposed to high noise. The proposed green belt
will further be helpful in reducing the ambient noise level.

9.4.4 LAND ENVIRONMENT

If the hazardous wastes are not handled properly, it can pose danger of land contamination and can
affect land system adversely. Transportation is one of the most important areas of concern associated
with handling Hazardous Waste, because the packaging and method of transporting of Hazardous
waste will prevent the likelihood that an accident or spill would occur. Separate collection system will
be provided for collection of spillage material. Impervious layer, RCC roads and flooring will be
provided to area, where the chemical storage and handling activities will be involved. Hence, there
will be no significant adverse impact on land environment.

9.4.5 ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT

The project site is located in GIDC Nandesari. The project site is at a far distance from the forest land,
wild life sanctuaries and national parks. There will be not significant impact on crops & vegetation as
the proposed APCM will take care of flue gas emission and process emission. The waste water
generated from the process will be treated and treated waste water will be send to CETP Nandesari.
Sewage will be send to soakpit.There will be no impact on fisheries and aquatic life. Hence, no
adverse impact on this account is anticipated.

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9.4.6 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT

This will be a beneficial impact on the local socio-economic environment as increase in demand for
essential utilities and employment during both construction and operational phase.

9.4.7 INFRA STRUCTURE AND SERVICES

This will be a beneficial impact on the local infrastructure services e.g. roads, post and telegraph,
communication, medical facilities, education, housing will be improved in surrounding area.

9.5 ENVIRONMENT MONITORING PROGRAM

The unit will carry out monthly and quarterly monitoring of ambient air, process emission, fugitive
emission, Noise, waste water and yearly monitoring of hazardous waste by external approved
monitoring agency. Waste water will be monitored daily by in house facility for pH and COD.

9.6 RISK ASSESSMENT AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN

The chapter 6 includes objectives and methodology of risk assessment, details of storage of finish
products and raw materials, details of safety measures, identification of hazards, consequence analysis,
recommendations on the basis of risk assessment done, safety aspects to reduce risk in storage area
and disaster management plan. Consequences analysis covers major five types of exposures to
hazardous effect. Flash fire and explosions, Toxic effect from toxic materials or toxic combustion
product.

9.7 PROJECT BENEFITS

The unit has planned to spend Rs 31 lakhs for period of five year towards CSR activity. There will be
employment opportunity for local people during construction and operation phase. The CSR activity
will be carried through various NGOs and Associations.

9.8 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

9.8.1 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT CELL

The plant manager of M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt. Ltd, GIDC Nandesari, has taken responsibility for
implementation of environmental control measures.

9.8.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR UNIT

9.8.2.1 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR CONSTRUCTION PHASE

During construction it is necessary to control uplift of dust during the excavation, leveling and
transportation by spraying water over the paths, land and along the temporary roads. The workers
involved in the construction will be provided proper sanitation facilities. The construction workers on

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

site will be provided with necessary noise protection devices like earmuffs whenever they have to
work near the noise generating equipment/sources. The vehicles will be maintained properly so as to
minimize the emissions from exhaust. The empty containers of paints shall be sold to authorized
buyers/incineration. The construction wastes shall be used for leveling purpose.

9.8.2.2 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR OPERATIONAL PHASE

AIR

The sources of flue gas emission are three boilers and one thermo pack.There will be one stack of
process emissions having APCM water scrubber followed by acid scrubber. The measures like routine
& regular inspection to identify leakage, preventive maintenance and operational maintenance,
provision of leak detection and repair system and potable instrument for measurement of VOC will be
implemented by the unit to control fugitive emissions.
WATER
The total water consumption of the unit will be 42.4 KL/Day. The fresh water consumption from
GIDC will be 42.4KL/day. Water required for the proposed expansion of project will be fulfilled by
GIDC water supply system.
Total waste water generation after proposed expansion will be 35.6 KL/Day. This waste water
includes waste water coming from process, washing, boiler blow down, and cooling tower blow down
and overflow from septic tank. Unit will be having Effluent Treatment Plant consists of collection
tank, equalization tank, and neutralization tank and hydro dynamic cavitation tank.
Pumps and reactors will be having mechanical seal, so there will be no leakages. The unit will provide
connection system for possibility of leakages. Leakages will be collected in a small pit which will
carry the leakages to effluent plant.
Possible spillages will be from vessel washing, transfer of liquids, to avoid the spillage fixed pipeline
will be provided. Vessel washing will be collected to effluent treatment plant. The unit will provide
dedicated area made with RCC and HDPE lining so that the washing can be directly sent to ETP plant.

NOISE

Audio metric test should be conducted periodically for employees working close to the high noise
sources. Adequate noise control measures such as mufflers, silencers at the air inlet/outlet, anti
vibration pad for equipment with high vibration, earmuff and ear plugs to the operators, etc. shall be
provided. Rotation of work will minimize exposure.

LAND

Raw materials will be stored in separate storage area. All the raw effluent storage tanks will be
covered with RCC slab. Separate collection system will be provided for collection of spillage material.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

Impervious layer, RCC roads and flooring will be provided to area, where the chemical storage and
handling activities will be involved. The acid tanks are provided with dyke wall to control spread of
leakages.
After proposed expansion, hazardous waste generation details will beETP waste (15 MT/Year),
Discarded containers/Bags (5000 Nos. /Year), Process waste (54 MT/Year), Carbon (2.88 MT/Year),
Used Oil (50 Lit./Year) and Generated Solvent (120 MT/Year).
ETP waste,Process wastewill be disposed to TSDF. Used oil will besold to registered reprocessor and
Discarded Container/Bags and Generated Solvent will be sold to authorize recyclers. Spent carbon
will be sent for co-processing.

GREEN BELT

The company has existing an area 165.80 sq. m. green belt area out of 1651.10 sq. m. of total premises
area. The unit will try to expand green belt area as much as possible and also carry out tree plantation
in GIDC area after getting suitable permission.

CLEANER PRODUCTION

 Discarded containers/bag will be sent back for raw material filling/selling to authorize recycler
after decontamination.
 The unit will be using green chemistry for manufacturing of bulk drugs, which will result in
energy savings.
 All steam condensate will be recycled.
 Cleaner production options will be explored further.
 The unit will try to recover the chemicals in the effluent in near future.
 Unit will use natural gas as a clean fuel.
 Vacuum cleaner will be used to recover spilled material.
 Housekeeping will be regularly maintained. Dedicated staff for the purpose will be employed.
 Products will be manufactured on campaign basis to reduce repeated cleaning of reactors.
 Whenever possible, extra filter cloths for centrifuges will be stocked to avoid/ minimize the
washings.
 Solvents recovery will be maximized and uncondensed solvent will be scrubbed in water. The
scrubbed water will be subjected to further solvent recovery.

BUDGETARY PROVISION PROPOSED FOR ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION CONTROL


MEASURES

The unit has proposed Rs. 99 Lakhs as capital cost and Rs. 18 Lacs as recurring cost for environment
pollution control measures.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

HEALTH & SAFETY


There will be provision of PPE, antidotes, periodic inspection & testing of pressure vessels,
equipments, machineries, pre-employment medical checkup, periodic health checkup, training of fire
fighting, work permits system, first aid, safe handling of hazardous chemicals and integrating safety.
Hazardous processes will be operated by trained workers and will be looked after by qualified &
experienced supervisors.

CONCLUSION

It can be concluded on positive note that after implementation of proper mitigation measures and
environment management plan this project will have insignificant impact on environment and
economic. M/s. ROAQ Chemicals Pvt.Ltd is committed to provide better environment management
infrastructure.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

CHAPTER -10
DISCLOSURE OF CONSULTANT ENGAGED

M/s. Jyoti Om Chemical Research Centre Pvt. Ltd. established in 1990 by woman entrepreneur Mrs.
Hina C. Upasani, is well-equipped analytical laboratory for chemical analysis. It offers following services
to various types of industries in general, and Chemical / Pharmaceutical, CETPS, solid waste sites, steel
industries in particular.
10.1 SALIENT FEATURES

 Spread over 600 m2 plot with about 350 m2 built up area.

 1000sq.feet office space purchased at Vadodara for carrying out Climate

Change work.

 Well-equipped laboratory with instrument room, conference room, wet Analysis

Lab room, microbiology laboratory, Air Analysis Laboratory, Library &

Computer room etc.

 Experienced and qualified staff.

 Approved Testing House by Industries Commissioner, Gujarat Government.

 Recognized as Environment Auditor by Gujarat Pollution Control Board,

Gandhinagar.

 ISO 9001-2000 Certified by American Quality Assessor, AQA. Since 2002.

 NABL accreditation for water and Air parameters.

 Trained for Cleaner Production Assessment by Department of Environment and Forest,


Government of Gujarat under World Bank capacity building programme.

 Computerized testing facility.

 Consultant to Gujarat Cleaner Production Centre, Gandhinagar for Cleaner Product Assessment.

 Service provider to UNIDO, Vienna, Austria for Clean Technology Assessment.

 Consultancy for EIA reports.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

10.2 SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE CENTRE


 Analysis of chemicals, dyes and dye intermediates
 Analysis of bulk drugs and intermediates
 Analysis of water and waste water
 Testing of environment samples – water, air, solid waste and soil
 Trace analysis of chemicals in waste water
 Environment auditing
 Cleaner Production Assessment
 Microbiological analysis of water
 Clean Technology Assessment
 Environment Technological Assessment (EnTA)
 Environment Impact Assessment
 Climate Change Consultancy
 Environment consultancy
 Environment clearance consultancy

10.3 OUTSTANDING ACHIVEMENTS

1) Received Gujarat Cleaner Production Award for CP work at M/s. The Ankleshwar Poly Dyestuff
Pvt. Ltd. on 5th June, 2006 from Chief Minister Mr. Narendra Modi.

2) Received contract from UNIDO, Vienna, for writing PDD and developing new methodology for
sulphuric acid project.

3) Established demonstration unit FIRST TIME in INDIA of Plasma based hazardous waste
destruction facility in collaboration with M/s. PEAT International, USA. Got approval from Central
Pollution Control Board, New Delhi.

4) Engaged in creating cluster base recycling unit of spent sulphuric acid to pure sulphuric acid.

5) UNIDO, VIENNA has also assigned work to find out alternative Air oxidation technology in place
of nitric acid oxidation technology to reduce Green House gas emission.

6) Clean Technology tie up with following companies: (i) for recovery of sulphuric acid from spent
sulphuric acid – M/S Aker Kvaerner Chemetics, Canada. (ii) Destruction of hazardous waste using
Plasma Technology, PEAT International, USA.

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EIA OF M/S. ROAQ CHEMICALS PVT LTD., GIDC NANDESARI, VADODARA.

(iii) Catalytic Air Oxidation in place of Nitric acid oxidation, M/S Buss Chem Tech AG, Switzerland (iv)
CDM consultancy , BSS, Switzerland

7) Received contract from UNIDO, Vienna, for writing PDD and developing new methodology for Air
Oxidation Technology.

8) The organization wrote two methodologies and Project Development Document (PDD) and submitted
to UNFCCC. The working committee of UNFCCC approved the methodologies. They are for recovery of
sulphuric acid from spent sulphuric acid and substitution of incineration with Plasma Technology.
10.4 STATUS OF NABET ACCREDITATION

The organization has obtained stay order from the Hon. High Court of Gujarat. The copy of the stay order
is attached as Annexure-XI. The cases from various high courts of the countries are transferred to Hon.
Supreme Court. It is further declared that at the time of submission of EIA report, the stay order is valid.

10.5 DECLARATION BY CONSULTANT:


An undertaking regarding the prescribed TOR have been complied with and data submitted in this EIA is
factually correct is attached as Annexure-XIV. This is as per office memorandum of MoEF and CC dated
04/08/2009.

M/S. JYOTI OM CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTRE PVT. LTD., ANKLESHWAR 10. 3