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LC3000-G2-PRO

User’s Guide












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Contents
1. Overview ................................................................................................................................. 4
2. Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 4
2.1. Specifications ................................................................................................................... 5
2.2. Related Documentation ................................................................................................... 5
2.3. Thermal Considerations ................................................................................................... 6
3. Hardware Guide ...................................................................................................................... 7
3.1. Getting Started ................................................................................................................ 7
3.2. Electrical .......................................................................................................................... 8
Cables & Connectivity ............................................................................................... 8
Overview of Components ......................................................................................... 9
Driver Board ........................................................................................................... 10
System Board .......................................................................................................... 11
Pin Assignments ..................................................................................................... 11
Full-White mode ..................................................................................................... 12
3.3. Optical ............................................................................................................................ 12
3.4. Mechanical .................................................................................................................... 13
LC3000-G2-PRO Dimensions .................................................................................. 13
Adjusting and Locking the Focus ............................................................................ 14
4. Software & Application Guide ............................................................................................... 16
4.1. Initial Setup .................................................................................................................... 16
4.2. Display Modes ............................................................................................................... 16
Static Image/Color .................................................................................................. 17
Internal Test Patterns ............................................................................................. 18
Structured Light Sequences .................................................................................... 18
HDMI Input ............................................................................................................. 20
4.3. Saving Solutions ............................................................................................................. 20
4.4. Software Updates .......................................................................................................... 21
5. Appendix A. Reducing USB connection delay ...................................................................... 22
6. Appendix B: Understanding the Diamond Pixel format ....................................................... 25
7. Revision Notes: ..................................................................................................................... 28



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NOTE: This document is preliminary and Keynote Photonics reserves the right to change the
specifications without notice. The information contained is believed to be accurate as of the
date of publication. Please contact Keynote to ensure you have the latest information.

IMPORTANT NOTICE
BEFORE USING TECHNICAL INFORMATION, THE USER SHOULD CAREFULLY READ THE
FOLLOWING TERMS.

The term “Technical Information” includes reference designs, drawings, specifications, and other information relating
to Keynote Photonics products or applications, contained herein or provided separately in any format or via any
medium.
Keynote is providing Technical Information for the convenience of purchasers of its products (“Users”), and will not
accept any responsibility or liability arising from providing the Technical Information or its use. Any use or reliance on
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1. Overview
The Keynote LC3000-G2-PRO projector is a 2nd generation version of Keynote Photonics’ LC3000
product family for 3D measurement and advanced light control applications. Like the previous
3000 series, this version is based on Texas Instruments’ Pico platform enabling faster
development cycles for applications requiring small form factor, and intelligent pattern display.
It uses TI’s LightCrafter architecture and maintains software compatibility.


Figure 1. LC3000-G2-PRO
Much of this guide is based on the Texas Instruments (TI) LightCrafter User’s Guide, but it also
highlights important differences in operation and function from the TI design. The primary
difference from previous LC3000 projectors is the change in the optical engine.
This document provides the technical details needed to understand the capability of the
LC3000-G2-PRO projector and how to apply it to a variety of applications. It also includes a
detailed explanation of the GUI software, including Keynote’s improvements upon the TI
version, which gives the user the capability to use the LC3000-G2-PRO to its full potential.
Additional technical documents are available which provide a more in-depth analysis of some
hardware and software features. See Section 2.1 for more details.

2. Introduction
Your new LC3000-G2-PRO will allow you to both evaluate new designs and obtain a production-
ready solution using TI’s DLP3000 chipset. This technology brings together a set of components
providing an efficient and compelling system solution for:
• Small display projectors: Embedded display, Interactive display, Information overlay
• Structured light applications: 3D Modeling/Design/Printing, Biometric: fingerprint
identification and face recognition, Machine vision and inspection
• Medical and life sciences: Vascular imaging, Dental impression scanner, Intraoral dental
scanners, Orthopedics, Prosthesis, CT/MRI/X-ray marking and retail cosmetics.



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Note: If optics are not required, you also have the option of purchasing the LC3000-EKT, which
includes only the electronics portion of the LC3000-G2-PRO.

2.1. Specifications
The LC3000-G2-PRO uses a Texas Instruments DLP3000 DMD with native resolution of 608x684
pixels. Table 1 details the primary product specifications for the projector. Information
regarding DMD characteristics and operating conditions can be found in Texas Instruments
document DLPS022.
Table 1. Primary Product Specifications
Parameter Min Typical Max units Comments
Supply voltage 4.75 5 5.25 V
Must use connector J11 (2-pin JST)
Supply current 3 A
for current >2A
Brightness will remain >70% of
LED lifetime 10000 h initial value (assuming normal
working environment)
LED operating temp 65 C Measured at LED metal core PCB
DMD operating temp 0 50 C
Focus range 140 1500 mm
Throw ratio 1.9 Projection distance/image width
Luminance 80 105 lm ANSI lumens
Uniformity 80 92 % JBMA method
Contrast 640 800 Full-on, full-off
LED peak wavelength,
624 nm
R
LED peak wavelength,
520 nm
G
LED peak wavelength,
453 nm
B

2.2. Related Documentation


Texas Instruments
• DLPC300 Data Sheet: DLP Digital Controller for DLP3000 DMD, TI literature number
DLPS023
• DLP3000 Data Sheet: DLP 0.3 WVGA DDR Series 220 DMD, TI literature number
DLPS022
• DLPC300 Software Programmer’s Guide, TI literature number DLPU004B
• DM365 Command Interface Guide, TI literature number DLPU007

Keynote Photonics
• LC3000 DM365 Command Interface Guide Addendum 1387D003B
• Application Note: LC3000 Pattern Sequence Operation 1315D013


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DLP and LightCrafter are registered trademarks of Texas Instruments. FlexLight is a registered trademark of Keynote Photonics.

2.3. Thermal Considerations


The LC3000 unit is built with an active cooling design which pulls air from the top of the unit
and down onto the heatsinks. It is essential that the airflow is not inhibited for proper
operation and lifetime of the LED’s to be maintained.
WARNING: Inadequate airflow will result in overheating of the system and/or cause
overheating of the LED and DMD devices, causing them to fail early or possibly
immediately.
WARNING: Operating the system with a high ambient temperature may also cause
early LED and/or DMD failure.
CAUTION: When system is used for long periods of time with near maximum current
settings, the chassis can become very warm to the touch.



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3. Hardware Guide
This section provides an overview of the hardware components and functions of the LC3000-
G2-PRO, including connectivity options, electrical and optical diagrams, and mechanical
innovations.

3.1. Getting Started


Although the LC3000-G2-PRO comes ready to use, the user must supply the necessary power
supplies and any additional cables needed for their application. These are shown below:
• Power supply: 5V (System and LED power)
• Required cables for display:
o USB-to-MiniUSB cable (for connection to PC software)
o HDMI-to-MiniHDMI cable (for PC/video input)
• Optional cables, depending on application
o I2C/Trigger cable
o Remote Power cable
o Fan output cable
Follow these steps to setup your projector, referring to Figure 2 and Figure 3 on the following
page:
• Set the projector on a flat surface.
• Connect a USB-to-MiniUSB cable from your PC to the MiniUSB connector on the system
board.
• Connect an HDMI cable from your PC or video source to the MiniHDMI connector on the
system board.
• The LC3000-G2-PRO has several options for 5V power input. Connect a 5V power supply
from connector 9 or 10 to a wall socket.
• If the projector does not immediately start, you can power it on and off by engaging a
push-button switch located on the side of the projector on the bottom board
• The LC3000-G2-PRO will automatically display the Keynote Photonics screen while
loading firmware. After ~ 20 seconds, it will load and display a default static image.
• The LC3000-G2-PRO projector employs focus lock technology. To focus your projector,
refer to Section 3.4.2.
• Before continuing, we recommend that you reconfigure your PC’s USB port to reduce
the overall startup time. This optional procedure is detailed in Appendix A.

The rest of this section discusses the physical details and capabilities of the LC3000-G2-PRO
projector.
If you would like to begin using your projector immediately, go to section 4 to download and
begin using the accompanying software.



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Figure 2. Projector Rear View


Figure 3. Projector Right Side View

3.2. Electrical
Cables & Connectivity
The LC3000-G2-PRO offers the following connectivity options:
• Mini-HDMI: supports external video input with 608*684 resolution at 60 Hz.
• Mini USB: interfaces to PC as a slave device. A program running on the PC will issue
commands to the LC3000.
• External On/Off Control: Allows external control of the power-up and power-down of
the unit.
• Trigger connector: supports external or internally generated triggers for camera
capture. A 32 mA output current is available.



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Overview of Components
The LC3000-G2-PRO consists of:
• Light engine – which includes the optics, LEDs, and the 608 x 684 diamond pixel 0.3”
WVGA DMD.
• Driver board – includes the LED driver circuits, DLPC300 DMD Controller, power
management circuits and MSP430.
• System board – includes TMS320DM365, FPGA, and several connectors for external
inputs.

Figure 4 shows the major hardware components in the Light Engine, System Board, and Driver
Board.


Figure 4. LC3000-G2-PRO Block Diagram



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Driver Board
Figure 5 shows the LC3000-G2-PRO driver board block diagram:



Figure 5. Driver Board Block Diagram
The major components of the driver board are:
• DLP3000 – 0.3” DMD
• DLPC300: DLP3000 controller with
– 2MB SPI FLASH that contains DLPC300 firmware
– 32MB DDR that buffers images for the DLP3000
• MSP430:
– Controls power supply sequencing and system initialization
– LED driver control
– Shutdown system upon detection of low input voltage
– Measure thermistors and shutdown system when maximum temperature ratings
are exceeded.
• LED driver circuitry (note: The PWM and LED enables are provided to an external
connector)



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System Board
Figure 6 shows the LC3000-G2-PRO system board block diagram.


Figure 6. System Board Block Diagram
The major components of the system board are:
• Altera Cyclone IV FPGA:
o Controls video muxing (external mini HDMI or DM365)
o Controls LEDs enables
o Generates programmable camera triggers
o Manages four internal buffers for fast pattern display
• DM365: Embedded Linux main processor that controls camera interface, connectivity
with PC, non-volatile storage (Micro-SD and NAND Flash), FPGA control, video output,
and video buffer in DDR2.
o 64MB DDR2 memory
o Micro-SD connector
o Mini-USB connector
o UART mini-plug
• mini-HDMI connector

Pin Assignments
Table 2 details the connector pin assignments for all three boards, as well as mating connector
information.


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Table 2. User Connector Pinouts
Connector Mfg. Part
Number Pin Signal
5V power JST S2B-EH 1 5V power
2 Ground
5V power 0.7 x 2.35mm inner 5V power (limited to 2A)
(alt) barrel outer Ground
Trigger Molex 53261- 1 3.3V out
0471 2 Trigger in (3.3V level)
3 Trigger out (3.3V level)
4 Ground
USB USB Mini-B Standard USB Mini-B
HDMI HDMI Type C Standard HDMI-C
I2C Molex 104086- 1 SDA (3.3V level)
0410 2 SCL (3.3V level)
3 Ground
4 3.3V out
External Molex 53261- 1 Connect to ground to turn projector
on/off 0271 power on/off. Internally pulled up to
3.3V.
2 Ground
Fan Molex 53261- 1 5V out
0271 2 Fan PWM

Full-White mode
The standard version of the LC3000-G2-PRO displays the red, green, and blue channels
sequentially. For applications that require an extremely bright monochrome output, Keynote
can customize the projector to use all of the LED’s (Red, Green, & Blue) simultaneously. This is
useful for structured light applications in high ambient light settings. Contact Keynote
Photonics for additional details.

3.3. Optical
The LC3000-G2-PRO light engine includes the DLP3000 0.3” DMD with 415,872 mirrors
arranged in a 608x684 grid using the diamond pattern geometry shown in Figure 7.



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Figure 7. DMD Pixel Geometry
Since the mirrors use this diamond pattern geometry, the user must use care in formatting
the input video material to ensure that the proper image is displayed. For a more detailed
description of diamond pattern geometry, refer to the appendix in section 6.
The optical characteristics of the projector’s light engine are shown in Table 1.

3.4. Mechanical
LC3000-G2-PRO Dimensions
The LC3000-G2-PRO optical engine is mounted on top of a thermal plate to provide passive
cooling to the module. The DLP3000, 0.3” DMD, is mounted on the optical engine and attached
with a flex cable to the Driver Board. The System Board is mounted on top of the Driver Board.
The dimensions for the LC3000-G2-PRO baseplate are shown in Figure 8. Figure 9 shows the
dimensions for the entire projector assembly. For additional mechanical specifications,
please contact Keynote Photonics.



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Figure 8. LC3000-G2-PRO Baseplate Dimensions (mm)

Figure 9. LC3000-G2-PRO Mechanical Outline


(dimensions in mm)

Adjusting and Locking the Focus


The LC3000-G2-PRO provides a focus lock screw that allows the focus setting of the optical
engine to be fixed. To adjust the focus,
• Slightly loosen the focus locking screw using a Phillips head screwdriver
• Rotate the barrel of the projection lens to adjust the focus position


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• Then, tighten the focus locking screw.


Figure 10. Focus Lock Screw



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4. Software & Application Guide
This section uses screenshots to help describe the use of Keynote’s LC3000 Graphical User
Interface (GUI). Since Keynote continues to add valuable features to the GUI, you may notice
some differences in the look and feel between these screenshots and future versions of the
GUI.

4.1. Initial Setup


Before using your projector, you will need to download the proper control GUI software:
• Log onto the Keynote website using your customer access name and password. Navigate
to the LC3000 directory, open the Firmware and GUI folder, and download and install
the latest version of the software release. This is the control software for the LC3000
kits.
• Open the directory where you installed the control software and open the LC3000-GUI
application to run the LC3000 control software.
• When the user interface opens, Select the “Connect” button to start control of the
LC3000 (see Figure 11). This will initialize communication and display the unit’s revision
information.


Figure 11. LC3000 Control Software
If you have difficulty connecting, go to the Connection tab and ensure that the IP address is set
to the correct default (192.168.1.100). To change the IP address, simply enter any new IP
address in the “Current IP Address” box. The GUI will remember this change each time it is used
in the future.

4.2. Display Modes


The LC3000-G2-PRO projector allow the user to display images using four different modes:
static image/color, test pattern, HDMI port, and stored pattern sequences. Each mode is
described in detail below.



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Static Image/Color
The LC3000-G2-PRO projector displays 608x684 bitmap image files that are mapped to the
DMD mirror. Note that since the DMD mirrors are diamond shaped, the image you see on a
monitor will appear distorted compared to the projected image. See Appendix B for details.
To display a static image:
• From the Display Mode dropdown box, select Static
Image and then select the “Set” button.




• To show a static image, from the
“Test Pattern/Image” tab, select the
“Browse” button in the Static Image
panel and locate your desired
608x684 image. Then select the
“Upload Selected File” button to
display the image.


Static images can also be uploaded and stored in 16 indexes ranging from 0 to 15. These images
can be displayed at any time. To upload an image to an index and then recall it:
• Set the Display Mode to Static Image.
• Under the “Indexed Static Image” section, select the “Browse” button to choose an
image.
• Use the dropdown menu to select an index number location, then select “Upload File to
Index.”
• To display an indexed image, select an index number from the dropdown menu, then
select “Display Indexed Image” to show the corresponding image.


The GUI can also be used to display a static color as a custom combination of red, green, and
blue.
• To show a static color, from the “Test
Pattern/Image” tab, set the desired color in
the Static Color panel. Then select the “Set”
button to display the image.



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Internal Test Patterns


Fourteen basic test patterns have been preloaded onto your projector, ranging from solid
colors to simple lines and scales. These patterns can be used to test focus, LED functionality,
brightness, and more.
To display an internal test pattern:
• From the Display Mode dropdown box, select Internal
Test Pattern and then select the “Set” button.





• From the “Test Pattern/Image” tab,
select any of the test patterns in the
dropdown box in the Internal Test
Pattern panel. Then, select the “Set”
button.

Structured Light Sequences


Structured light sequences (pattern sequences) use a single color to display a monochrome
image with selectable bit depth. Pattern Sequences can be displayed in two different modes:
chipset mode and DMD 365. In Chipset mode, use the dropdown menus to select the desired
bit depth and number of patterns. To display more patterns than Chipset has the capacity for,
type a number into the pattern count dropdown box and the projector will automatically enter
DMD 365 mode, which has a much larger capacity.
Bit Pattern Capacity
Depth Chipset Mode DMD 365 Mode
1 96 1200
2 48 600
3 32 400
4 24 300
5 16 200
6 16 200
7 12 150
8 12 150
Figure 12. Structured Light Sequence Pattern Capacities



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To display a monochrome structured light sequence:
• From the Display Mode dropdown box, select “Stored
Pattern Sequence” and then select the “Set” button.



• From the “Pattern Sequence” tab and the “Pattern Setting” panel,
o From the “Bit Depth” dropdown box, select your preferred bit depth (range of 1-
8)
o From the “Pattern Count” dropdown box, select the number of patterns to
include (1-96) or type in a custom number (97-1200) - Refer to Figure 12 above
o From the “LED Select” dropdown box, select any one color
o Set the Input Trigger to the desired setting
§ Command: Next image is shown when the user selects the “Next” button
§ Auto: Next image is shown automatically
§ External: Next image is triggered by an externally connected trigger (refer
to Figure 2 for the connector location)
§ Command (infinite exposure): Shows each image continuously to achieve
infinite exposure time until the Next button is selected (Bit depth must be
greater than 1, pattern count must be a multiple of 3)
o Type your desired exposure level into the appropriate box. This time (in
microseconds) determines how long each image is displayed
o Enable Play Once mode, if desired, to play through a pattern sequence one time
only
o Select the “Set” button
• From the “Load Pattern Image” panel,
o If uploading one image at a time, use the Number dropdown to select the
position in which to insert an image (starting at 0)
o If uploading multiple images at once, set the Number to the position of the first
image in the series being uploaded
o Browse and select a 608x684 .bmp image(s); in this example we use
“608x684_rgb24”
o Select the “Upload This” button (one image) or “Upload All” (multiple images)



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• From the “Pattern Sequence Control” panel, select “Start” and use the “Next” button as

necessary
The displayed image is a step pattern of a single color (chosen by LED Select) with a binary
progression from 128 to 1.
To change settings: Under Pattern Sequence Settings, make any changes, then select the “Set”
button. If you are changing the number of images, you will need to re-upload the image files.
For more information, refer to Keynote’s Pattern Sequence Operation guide (see section 2.1).

HDMI Input
The projector can display video from a PC or any other device which send HDMI output.
To display HDMI video:
From the Display Mode dropdown box, select “HDMI Video”
and then select the “Set” button. The HDMI Port Display Mode
defaults to RGB Video Streaming Mode. The projector now
functions as if it were a standard monitor connected to any
video source via HDMI.
External Streaming Pattern Sequence Mode uses the same
mirror sequence settings as Pattern Sequence Mode. This allows the HDMI source to be
displayed in monochrome (1-8 bits) or full RGB color (1-4 bits). Depending on the chosen bit
depth and frame rate, the projector will display the parts of the image that correspond to one,
two, or all three LEDs.
For example, if the GUI was set to External Streaming Pattern Sequence: red, 8-bit, 60 Hz: the
projector would display, in 8-bit monochrome red, the portions of the source image that were
originally red and green. If the bit depth were then lowered to 7, the projector would be able to
display all three original colors, and would project this in a monochrome red 7-bit image.

4.3. Saving Solutions


The projector is capable of storing custom solutions which can be loaded at any time. A solution
saves the current display into memory to be recalled at any time. To store and recall a solution:
• Ensure that the GUI has been set to the proper settings and that the projector is
displaying the image that you would like to save as a solution.


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• Go to the “Solution” tab and in the “Create New Solution” panel, type a name for your
solution, then select “Save.”
• The new solution will be added to the list of stored solutions. Any solution can be
recalled by selecting its name, then selecting “Load.”
• To save a solution as default, select its name, then select “Default.” The default solution
is shown when the projector powers on. The current default solution is shown in blue
text.
• To toggle through solutions, press the Saved Solution Selection button on the system
board (See Figure 2, button 7).
• Note: HDMI settings cannot be saved as solutions.

4.4. Software Updates


If a new version of the GUI becomes available, install it just as you did the older version:
• Log onto the Keynote website using your customer access name and password. Navigate
to the LC3000 directory, open the Firmware and GUI folder, and download and install
the latest version of the software release.
• Open the directory where you installed the control software and open the LC3000-GUI
application to run the LC3000 control software.



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5. Appendix A. Reducing USB connection delay
The default behavior of the LC3000-G2-PRO results in a significant delay before the Windows
GUI can connect to the projector following boot up. Following is a workaround to reduce the
delay posted by a TI employee on the TI E2E forums.
Keynote Photonics also provides a custom LC3000 driver free upon request which may improve
connection speed and quality.


Open the Control Panel and type “network connections” into the address bar. This will
open a screen showing wireless, LAN, and other connections.



Connect the projector to the desired USB port. (Note: This workaround is USB port-
dependent.) Apply power to the projector. As it boots a new LAN connection using
RNDIS Gadget will appear. Wait until the status no longer says “Identifying” or
“Acquiring network address”.



Open a cmd shell window and type “ipconfig /all”. A list of all network connections will be
displayed. Note the IPv4 address for the connection associated with the LC3000-G2-



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PRO (the connection using RNDIS Gadget).



In the network connections window, right click on the projector’s network connection and
select Properties. In the LAN connection properties window select the Internet Protocol
Version 4 item and click the Properties button.




Select “Use the following IP address” and enter the IP address and Subnet mask for the
projector’s connection from the ipconfig query in the cmd window.



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Click the OK and Close buttons to exit the configuration windows. When using the
configured USB port, the projector will establish communication within a few seconds of
finishing power up booting.



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6. Appendix B: Understanding the Diamond Pixel format
The .30” WXGA DMD is a diamond-format DMD (shown in Figure 1) with a 1.78:1 (16:9) aspect
ratio. The diamond-format is a very effective way to display high resolution images.


Figure 13. Diamond pixels require specially formatted images
Due the diamond arrangements, the projector can be thought of as having a horizontal
resolution of 1216 columns and a vertical resolution of 684 rows. However, the diamond
arrangement has ½ as many pixels per column as an orthogonal (rectangular) array. So before
sending the image to the DLP3000 DMD, the DLPC300 Controller ensures that the image is
preformatted into an orthogonal format. It does this by converting each pair of “diamond”
columns into a single column. This enables the controller to send a properly formatted 608 x
684 orthogonal image to the DMD (see Figure 2):


Figure 14. The diamond oriented image is actually stored internally as an
orthogonal array
For machine vision and 3D printing applications, users will likely prefer operate the chipset in
native mode, allowing them to specify the exact pixel structure by preformatting the data for
the DMD. Examples of preformatted test images are shown in the following figures to illustrate
the comparison between the orthogonal input images and the displayed diamond-pixel
patterns (Figures 5-8).



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Figure 15. Each column in a preformatted orthogonal image will generate two
diamond columns in the displayed pattern


Figure 16. Each row in a preformatted orthogonal image will generate a single
diamond row in the displayed pattern (or a single diamond column)


Figure 17. A pair of rows in a preformatted orthogonal image will generate two
diamond rows in the displayed pattern



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Figure 18. A square in a preformatted orthogonal image will generate a 2:1 aspect
ratio rectangle in the displayed pattern (likewise, a HDMI circle image will
generate



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7. Revision Notes:
Rev Date Description
- 1/17/2018 Initial Release



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