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# Designed by : ASB

Revision : R0

Notes:

## Unity Structural Engineering

Design Services India Pvt Ltd
Designed by : ASB
Project: Checked by : PAV
Revision : R0

Cover, C = 50 mm

= 650 mm

## 4.) Limiting depth of neutral axis, Xumax:

X u,max
= 0.48 (Refer clause 38.1)
d
Xu,max = (0.48*650)

= 312.00 mm

## 5.) Limiting Moment of Resistance Mu,lim:

xu,max  xu,max  2
Mu,lim  0.36  1  0.42  bd fck
d d = 466.32 kNm (Refer Annex G)
 
Mu,lim > Mu Singly Reinforced Beam

## 6.) Equivalent Bending Moment, Me1:

 1 D / b 
M  Tu   = 80.88 kNm
t  1.7 

## Unity Structural Engineering

Design Services India Pvt Ltd
Designed by : ASB
Project: Checked by : PAV
Revision : R0

M  Mu  M = 280.88 kNm
e1 t
Mt < Mu Flexural Compression Reinforcement is not required

## 7.) Area of steel required for Tension reinforcement, A st:

 Ast fy 
Mu  0.87fy A d  1   (Refer Annex G)
st  bdf
 ck 

## Ast, provided = 1383.87 mm2 Safe

A
Percentage of Ast, provided  st  100 = 0.53 %
bd

## 8.) Minimum area of Tension reinforcement A stmin:

0.85
Astmin =  bd (Refer clause 26.5.1.1)
fy

## 9.) Maximum area of Tension reinforcement A stmax: (Refer clause 26.5.1.1)

Astmax = 0.04  bD

## Basic value of span to effective depth ratio = 20

Stress in steel, fs

## Area of cross-section of steel required = 233.11 N/mm2

fs  0.58fy
Area of cross-section of steel provided

## Allowable vertical deflection limit = Basic value  Modification factor

= 23.0
L

d
Unity Structural Engineering
Design Services India Pvt Ltd
Designed by : ASB
Project: Checked by : PAV
Revision : R0

L
Actual vertical deflection  = 12.3 Safe
d

T
Ve  Vu  1.6 u
b = 300.00 kN

## 12.) Check for Vertical Stirrups: (Refer clause 40)

Ve
Equivalent nominal Shear Stress, τve =
bd

= 1.15 N/mm2

## Spacing of shear reinforcements, sv = 281.24 mm

Maximum spacing of shear reinforcement = Min  (0.75  d ),300  (Refer clause 26.5.1.5)

= 300 mm Safe

0.4
Total C/S area of stirrup legs effective in shear, Asv = bsv (Refer clause 26.5.1.6)
0.87fy

= 124.63 mm2

## Center to center distance between corner

bars in the direction of width,b1 = b   2C 

= 300 mm

## Center to center distance between corner

bars in the direction of depth,d1 = D   2C 

= 600 mm

## Unity Structural Engineering

Design Services India Pvt Ltd
Designed by : ASB
Project: Checked by : PAV
Revision : R0

b d 0.87fy
1 1 
2.5d 0.87fy
1  
= 154 mm2

## 14.) Check for minimum area of shear reinforcement, A svmin:

Asvmin =
  ve   c  bsv
0.87fy
= 149 mm2 Safe

## Long dimension of the stirrups, y1 = 606 mm

 x1  y1  = 228 mm
 
 4 
 x y
1 ,300  = 228 mm
Sv max  Min  x , 1 
 1 4
 

Allowable span =
 250b 2 
Min  60b , 
 d 
 
= 24000 Safe

## Unity Structural Engineering

Design Services India Pvt Ltd
Designed by : ASB
Project: Checked by : PAV
Revision : R0

## Unity Structural Engineering

Design Services India Pvt Ltd
Designed by : ASB
Project: Checked by : PAV
Revision : R0

##  0.36  fck  xu ,max 

pt ,lim  
 0.87  f  d   100
% of Area =  y 

= 0.96 %

= 0.718 to 0.77

## Unity Structural Engineering

Design Services India Pvt Ltd
Calculation of Ast:

## = 11189.91 mm2 Conc. Grade

Ast
= 1340.21 mm2 M15
M20
M25
Actual depth of neutral axis: M30
M35
Xu 0.87fy Ast
 M40
d 0.36fck bd
Xu = 173.49 mm
owable maximum shear stress, τcmax: Table 20

τcmax
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.5
3.7
4.0
1.) Width to over all depth ratio is normally kept between 0.5 to 0.67
2.) Percentage of reinforcement for singly reinforced beam is maintained between 75 to 80 % of p t,lim
This will ensure the strain in steel will be more than  0.87  fy  as the design stress in steel will b
  0.002 
 0.36  fck  xu ,max   Es 
pt ,lim  
 0.87  f  d   100
 y 
3.) This will ensure the ductile failure & Under reinforced beams
4.) % of Ast gets increased by increasing the concrete grade for a particular grade of steel.
5.) % of Ast gets increased by lowering the steel grade for a particular grade of concrete.
6.) Check slenderness limit to ensure lateral stability.
7.) Side face reinforcement is provided, when depth of beam is greater than 750mm. Area shall be not less than 0.1% percent
as the design stress in steel will be 0.87  fy