0 Voturi pozitive0 Voturi negative

1 (de) vizualizări7 paginitht

Jun 17, 2018

Leelasantitham & Kiattisin, 2009

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

tht

© All Rights Reserved

1 (de) vizualizări

Leelasantitham & Kiattisin, 2009

tht

© All Rights Reserved

- Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy
- Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy
- The Plant Paradox: The Hidden Dangers in "Healthy" Foods That Cause Disease and Weight Gain
- Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow
- Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow
- Anxious for Nothing: Finding Calm in a Chaotic World
- Brain on Fire: My Month of Madness
- Still Alice
- Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams
- Moloka'i: A Novel
- The Seventh Plague: A Sigma Force Novel
- The Law of Legacy: Lesson 21 from The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership
- The Fireman: A Novel
- Fever 1793
- Over the Edge of the World
- Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams
- My Lovely Wife in the Psych Ward: A Memoir

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 7

Kiattisin: A Diagnosis of Tonsillitis using Image Processing and Neural Network (36-42)

Processing and Neural Network

A. Leelasantitham and S. Kiattisin, Members

example, the heated level of middle ear, the sinusitis,

Tonsillitis is a disease occurring mostly in child and

the bronchitis or the pneumonia. Such diseases are

adults as this disease may take to the other effects.

important problems in the tonsillitis of child in the

Nowadays, a detection of tonsil grand exploits medi-

case of the inflammation or the severe heart occurred

cal doctor’s diagnosis to check on oral cavity. There-

from the infectious streptococcus. If it takes time to

fore, this paper presents a diagnosis of tonsillitis using

be chronic, then it may cause a valve disease with

image processing and neural network (NN). There are

disabilities and heart failure [1].

three steps described as follows. The first step is lo-

Diagnosis of doctor will check the oral cavity to see

calization of tonsil grand (TG) using Ellipses Hough

any features of TG which is exposed for questioning

Transform. The second step is feature extraction us-

symptoms of history from the patience. For diagno-

ing three important factors which can be indicated in

sis in oral cavity, the doctors will see directly the oral

swelling by images of TG in terms of a) a dimensional

cavity to observe the features of TG, the disease can

ratio of TG, b) an average intensity of TG and c) a

be intercommunication, and the patience has drawn

purulent surface of TG (yes/no) using power spec-

a breath odor. An alternative method to help the

trum of two dimensional Fast Fourier Transform (2D

medical doctor for diagnosis of the tonsil is the use of

FFT). The final step is verification using NN. The

images and computer because the medical doctor will

three factors are inputted into NN, and TG samples

check the oral cavity to see closely the tonsil grand of

of 50 images are used for training into the NN. They

the patience. As a result, he sometimes may receive

are divided by tonsillitis patience 25 images and usual

the disease from the patience. To support the practi-

TG of 25 images. This experiment uses 100 images

cal doctor, it has taken pictures in the oral cavity to

of TG for testing NN. Therefore, the overall accuracy

see a feature of tonsil grand for instead of checking

is at approximately 90% in terms of comparing with

directly in the oral cavity. In open literature, only

the results from the medical doctor.

three related papers have involved with finding out

Keywords: tonsillitis; diagnosis; neural network; the tonsil using images [2], [3]. Such two papers have

image processing; 2D FFT,Ellipses Hough Transform checked two factors as follows: 1) a size of TG us-

ing the sized ratio of a usual TG (from the previous

diagnosis) and a new TG (from the present diagno-

sis); as well as, 2) an average intensity of the area

1. INTRODUCTION

of TG. These two factors will be sent to fuzzy logic

Tonsil grand (TG) is the group of tissue type as to make a decision. However the information of such

lymphatic gland which is placed inside of buccal cav- two papers is not sufficient to analyze for checking

ity called ‘Palatine Tonsil’. The inflamed disease of tonsillitis because of only two factors (i.e. the size

tonsil is a swell of tonsil grand (like a little of tuber- and intensity).

cules) because of the mostly causes from infectious- In this paper, a diagnosis of tonsillitis using image

ness such as virus and bacteria. Tonsillitis is not a processing and neural network (NN). There are three

serious disease but the disadvantage of the inflamed steps described as follows. The first step is localiza-

TG will show its area in an oral cavity. If it has tion of tonsil grand (TG) using the Ellipses Hough

occurred both of inflammable and growing TG to a Transform. The second step is feature extraction us-

big grand, then a respiratory pathway of human will ing three important factors which can be indicated in

be clogged in their breath or else this infection may swelling by images of TG in terms of a) a dimensional

severely become a ulcer in throat. Infectious inci- ratio of TG, b) an average intensity of TG and c) a

purulent surface of TG (yes/no) using power spec-

Manuscript received on September 30, 2009; revised on Decem- trum of two dimensional Fast Fourier Transform (2D

ber 28, 2009 FFT). The final step is verification using NN. The

Adisorn Leelasantitham and Supaporn Kiattisin are from

Computer and Multimedia Engineering, School of Engineer- three factors are inputted into NN, and TG samples

ing, University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce 126/1, of 50 images are used for training into the NN. They

Vibhavadee-Rangsit Road, Dindaeng, Bangkok 10400, Thai- are divided by tonsillitis patience 25 images and usual

land

E-mail addresses: adisorn lee@utcc.ac.th (A. Leelasan- TG of 25 images. This experiment uses 100 images

titham) supaporn kai@utcc.ac.th (S. Kiattisin) of TG for testing NN. Therefore, the overall accuracy

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING VOL.2, NO.2 2009 37

the results from the medical doctor.

Figure 1 shows tonsil grand (TG) called “Palatine

Tonsil” to be two lymph nodes located in the oral

cavity on the side of neck with nearly tongue base- Fig.3: A system of the detection of tonsillitis im-

ness where we can see it when we open a mount. ages.

Figure 2 shows the tonsillitis which the oral cavity

can be found in the grown dimension and the timidly

inflammable red. If it reaches severe inflammation,

then it will be seen in translucent whites covering

TG called as “ulcer” [4], [5].

based on medical knowledge and neural network.

3. 1 Localization

This paper uses the Ellipse Hough Transform

(EHT) to find the edge of TG because the shape of

TG is nearly related in ellipse shape. Therefore, the

equation of the EHT can be defined as [6]

Fig.2: Tonsillitis called as “ulcer” [5].

(u·cos θ+v·sin θ−x)2

a2 (1)

θ−y)2

+ (−u·sin θ+v·cos

b2 = 1

3. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY

where u and v are image point,

Figure 3 shows a system of the detection of ton-

sillitis images which the system consists of a tonsil H(x,y,a,b,θ) is a hough space,

grand (TG), a camera and a computer. The process x, y, a, b and θ are parameters for the EHT.

is to start the camera capturing the TG and sending

it to the computer for processing three factors i.e. 1) Figure 5 shows an example for localizing the edge

the dimensional ratio of TG, 2) the average intensity of TG. The process is started from a TG image con-

of TG and 3) the purulent surface of TG. verted to a binary image. As a result of the binary

Figure 4 shows a flowchart of the detection of ton- image of TG, the position of TG is located by the

sillitis images based on medical knowledge and neural EHT. As shown in Figure 5, the dotted line of TG

network. There are three main steps of the proposed edge is generated by equation (1) until it finds out

methodology i.e. the localization, the feature extrac- (0 or 1) all possible parameters (x,y,a,b,θ) that could

tion and the verification. The details of the three pass (u,v ) vote for parameters (x,y,a,b,θ), then the

main steps can be described as follows. solid line can cover the final edge of TG.

38 A. Leelasantitham and S. Kiattisin: A Diagnosis of Tonsillitis using Image Processing and Neural Network (36-42)

of TG.

The second factor is a result of the TG average

intensity resulted from three colors (red, green and

blue [R, G, B]) which are not the same values. R

values are normally higher than G and B values in the

TG image. However, there are some images which G

or B values are nearly to R values. All R, G and B

are important to use this method for verifying the TG

Fig.5: An example for localizing the edge of TG.

image. For another reason, the TG generally is a high

redness then it may be the tonsillitis, nevertheless it

sometimes may not be the tonsillitis. Moreover, there

3. 2 Feature Extraction are two factors i.e. the first and third factors being

3. 2.1 The dimensional ratio of TG necessary to consider in this case. Such two factors

will also be utilized for classification of the TG image

The first factor is a result of the TG dimensional (the normal TG and tonsillitis) using neural network

ratio which can be found by measuring a size of TG (NN) which will be described further in Section 3.3.

(ellipse shape) which is the width (W) and height (H). In addition, there are usually many methods for

The position of TG shape is obtained from the EHT. classification of the normal TG and tonsillitis such

Therefore, the equation is equal to as histogram intersection or Euclidean distance etc.

However, there are limitations of such methods for

classifying the TG image because they will classify

W

R= (2) only the data group in a linear model. In this work,

H

the scattering plot is not clear for a separation of

two data groups; however, some data also have over-

which R is the dimensional ratio of width and

lapped between the normal and tonsillitis, as will be

height,

seen later in Section 3.3. As a result, it is difficult

W is the width of TG (pixels), to classify both groups for a correction of the results.

H is the height of TG (pixels). Therefore, this work proposes to use neural network

for classification of the TG image i.e. the normal TG

Figure 6 shows an example for finding the dimen- and tonsillitis.

sional ratio of TG. The values (pixels) of W and H The average intensity of TG exploiting the inten-

are obtained from the binary image which the shape sity of R, G and B in the TG area can be described

of TG is related to the ellipse shape shown in Figure as the formula

6. Therefore, the result of the dimensional ratio of

TG is calculated by equation (2). Note that the W n

P n

P n

P

and H are the minor and major axes, respectively, of r+ g+ b

i=1 i=1 i=1

ellipse shape. A= (3)

3n

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING VOL.2, NO.2 2009 39

where A is the average intensity of TG area, be an inflammation of the TG. Therefore, the 2D FFT

r is the intensity of red, and power spectrum of 2D for calculating the result

g is the intensity of green, of the surface on the TG will be defined as follows [7]

b is the intensity of blue,

n is the total pixels of the TG area.

M −1 N −1

1 X X

Then, the average intensity (A) of TG area is nor- F (u, v) = f (x, y)e−j2π(ux/M +vy/N )

M N x=0 y=0

malized by 255 for a suitable value as following equa-

tion (5)

where F(u,v) is the 2D FFT result of picture,

A

N= (4) N,M are width and height of picture,

255

f(x,y) is brightness value at (x,y).

where N is the normalized value of A (0 to 1).

The result from the equation (5) is taken to calcu-

Figure 7 shows an example for displaying the val- late the power spectrum of 2D as the equation

ues of intensity (red, green and blue) on the area of

TG. For example, it can be seen from Figure 7 that

the values of a pixel (in case of n =1) selected from 2

the TG area consist of r = 198, g = 118 and b = 69. P (u, v) = |F (u, v)| = R2 (u, v) + I 2 (u, v) (6)

Therefore, the average intensity (A) using equation

(3) is equal to (198+118+69)/3 = 128.33. In case of where P is the power spectrum of 2D,

n 1, the average intensity (A) is calculated from the R is real part,

TG area for n 1 and, the summations of r, g, and b I is imaginary part.

are obtained from n 1. Finally, the average intensity

(A) will be normalized by 255 for the suitable value,

Figure 8 shows an example of the resulting image

as shown in equation (4).

using the 2D FFT on the area of TG. It can be seen

from Figure 8 that the binary image of the TG area

is applied for equation (5). Therefore, the 2D FFT

image of the TG area is shown in Figure 8. Figure 9

shows a resulted graph derived from Figure 8 around

the TG area using the 2D FFT. It can be seen from

Figure 9 that the calculated value of power spectrum

of 2D FFT image is at approximately 9.05 × 104 i.e.

it will be the purulent surface on the TG (or tonsil-

litis). Note that the power spectrum (P) of 2D FFT

is derived from the resulting values in equation (5)

substituted in equation (6).

tensity (red, green and blue) on the area of TG.

The third factor is to calculate a result of a surface

on TG using the power spectrum of 2 dimensional

Fast Fourier Transform (2D FFT). For example, if the Fig.8: An example of the resulting image using the

calculated result reveals smooth surface on the TG, 2D FFT on the area of TG.

then it may be a normal TG whilst if the calculated

result shows purulent surface on the TG, then it may

40 A. Leelasantitham and S. Kiattisin: A Diagnosis of Tonsillitis using Image Processing and Neural Network (36-42)

Fig.10: The scattering plot of the three important

of the 2D FFT image around the TG area.

factors.

3. 3 Verification

which Wij is weight to connect between output

3. 3.1 Data Analysing node j and input node i

This section describes an analysis of the data con- η is step size

sisting of three important factors based on medical α is coefficiency of momentum

knowledge. Such three important factors are as fol- xj is input signal from node j

lows: δi is the quantity of difference of error , δi can be

a) the dimensional ratio of TG, shown as below

b) the average intensity of TG and

c) the purulent surface of TG. for output unit

The values of these three factors are plotted on

three axes consisting of the width/height (W/H), the δi = {Oi0 (ti − Oi )

average intensity and the purulent surface for the

otherwise

first, second and third axes, respectively. The plotted

values of the W/H, the average intensity and the pu- X

Oi0 Wmi δm (8)

rulent surface are derived from the equations (2), (4)

and (6), respectively. Therefore, the scattering plot Oi0 is derivative of Oi

of the three important factors will be shown in Figure Ti is a required signal to node i

10. As shown in Figure 10, symbols of ‘•’ and ‘×’ are Oi the actual output at node i.

represented to the usual TG and tonsillitis, respec-

tively. It can be seen from Figure 10 that the data

groups of ‘•’ and ‘×’ cannot be classified clearly in

terms of a simple method of linear analysis because

there is some data overlapped between two groups.

Therefore, neural network is an alternative method

for solving this classification which will be described

further in Section 3.3.2.

This section designs neural network (NN) using a

WEKA package [8] which there are 3 layers i.e. in-

put, hidden and output layers, as shown in Figure

11. Numbers of nodes consist of 3, 2 and 2 nodes

for the input, hidden and ouput layers, respectively.

It can be seen from Figure 11 that the three factors

(the W/H, the average intensity and the purulent sur- Fig.11: Designing three layers of neural network.

face) are inputted to the input layer whilst there are 2

nodes for the output layer consisting of the usual TG

(value = 0) and tonsillitis (value = 1). The equation

for calculation of backpropagation neural network can 4. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS AND DISS-

be defined as [9] CUSIONS

This section will verify the proposed method for

∆Wij = ηδi xj + α∆Wij (k − 1) (7) the detection of tonsillitis images based on medical

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING VOL.2, NO.2 2009 41

a MATLAB program for implementation of the first

This paper has presented the diagnosis of tonsilli-

part of image processing and the second part of NN

tis using image processing and neural network (NN).

using a WEKA package [8]. Details of preparing the

There are three steps described as follows. The first

neural network can be described as follows:

step is localization of tonsil grand (TG) using the El-

a) To demonstrate data inputs for training of neu-

lipses Hough Transform. The second step is feature

ral network, there are 25 images of tonsillitis whilst

extraction using three important factors which can

there are 25 images of the usual TG.

be indicated in swelling by images of TG in terms of

b) To demonstrate data inputs for testing the de-

a) a dimensional ratio of TG, b) an average intensity

tection of tonsillitis, there are 100 images of TG. They

of TG and c) a purulent surface of TG (yes/no) using

are taken into NN.

the power spectrum of two dimensional Fast Fourier

Table 1 shows the testing results of verifying TG

Transform (2D FFT). The final step is verification us-

images which the output results are the usual TG or

ing NN. The three factors are inputted into NN, and

tonsillitis. It can be seen in Table 1 that the 100

TG samples of 50 images are used for training into

images of TG are tested by both of the medical doc-

the NN. They are divided by tonsillitis patience 25

tor and the proposed method. As shown in Table

images and usual TG of 25 images. This experiment

I, the results from the medical doctor can diagnosis

uses 100 images of TG for testing NN. Therefore, the

the following outputs i.e. 40 and 60 images for the

overall accuracy is at approximately 90% in terms of

usual TG and tonsillitis, respectively; whilst the re-

comparing with the results from the medical doctor.

sults from the proposed method can classify the fol-

lowing outputs i.e. 35 and 55 images for usual TG

and tonsillitis, respectively. There is an error image 6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT

of them for the usual TG which their accuracy is at

The authors are grateful to Mr. Kritchanon Ji-

approximately 87.5%, whilst; there is also an error

rawanitcharoen for his useful help in this work.

image of them for the tonsillitis which their accuracy

is at approximately 91.67%. Therefore, the overall

accuracy is at approximately 90%. References

Table 2 shows summary results of the true or false [1] Medical Doctor Worawut Chareonsiri:

positive, and the true or false negative. It can be seen http://www.bangkokhealth.com

in Table 2 that there are 35 images for the true posi-

[2] P. Phensadsaeng, P. Kumhom, and K. Cham-

tive being the usual TG whilst there are five images

nongthai, 2005, “A Method of Vision-Based Ton-

for the false positive being the tonsillitis. As shown

sillitis Detection”, Sixth International Confer-

in Table 2, there are 55 images for the true negative

ence on Intelligent Technologies (InTech’05), 14-

being the tonsillitis whilst there are five images for

16 December 2005, Phuket, pp. 789-792.

the false negative being the usual TG. From the ex-

[3] P. Phensadsaeng, P. Kumhom, and K. Cham-

perimental results, the correct results depend on clear

nongthai, 2006, “A Computer-aided-Diagnosis of

images, and NN is considered in terms of numbers of

Tonsillitis Using Tonsil size and color”, Interna-

training set. If there are more samples of training set,

tional Symposium on Circuits and System (IS-

the new results will chance an increment from the old

CAS2006), Greece, May 21-24, 2006, pp. 5563-

results.

5566.

[4] Medical Doctor Panuwit Pumhirun:

Table 1: The testing results of verifying TG images. http://www.vichaiyut.co.th

Output Correct Correct Accuracy [5] K. Jirawanitcharoen, S. Kiattisin, A. Leelasan-

Results Results Results (%) titham and P. Chaiprapa, “A Method of Detect-

of TG From From The

Images Medical Proposed ing Tonsillitis Images Based on Medical Knowl-

Doctor Method edge and Neural Network”, The 2009 Inter-

Usual TG 40 35 87.5 national Conference on Artificial Intelligence

Tonsillitis 60 55 91.67 and Neural Networks (ICAINN 2009), Beijing,

China, August 8-11, 2009.

[6] X. Yu, H.W. Leong, C. Xu and Q. Tian, “A ro-

bust and accumulator-free ellipse hough trans-

form”, Proceedings of the 12th ACM Interna-

Table 2: Summary results of the true or false posi-

tional Conference on Multimedia (ACM Multi-

tive, and the true or false negative.

True False media 2004), New York, USA, October 10-16,

Positive 35 5 2004, pp. 256-259.

Negative 55 5 [7] C. Gonzalez, Rafael and E. Woods, Ricard, Dig-

ital Image Processing 2nd , Prentice Hall, 2002.

[8] I. H. Witten and E. Frank, Data mining: Practi-

42 A. Leelasantitham and S. Kiattisin: A Diagnosis of Tonsillitis using Image Processing and Neural Network (36-42)

Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 2005.

[9] Dan W. Patterson, Artificial Neural Networks

Theory and Application, Prentice Hall, 1996.

B.Eng. degree in Electronics and

Telecommunications and the M.Eng.

degree in Electrical Engineering from

King Mongkut’s University of Technol-

ogy Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand, in

1997 and 1999, respectively. He received

his Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineer-

ing from Sirindhorn International Insti-

tute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat

University, Thailand, in 2005. He is cur-

rently the Assistant Professor in Department of Computer and

Multimedia Engineering, School of Engineering, UTCC, Thai-

land. His research interests include analog circuits, image pro-

cessing, medical images, computer graphics, AI, neural net-

works, embedded systems and robotics.

in Computer Engineering from Chiang-

mai University in 1995, M.Eng. in

Electrical Engineering and Ph.D. in

Electrical and Computer Engineering

from King Mongkuts University of Tech-

nology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok,

Thailand. She currently works at

Computer Engineering and Multimedia,

School of Engineering, University of the

Thai Chamber of Commerce (UTCC).

Her research interests include medical imaging, computer vi-

sion and modeling. She is member of TESA, ThaiBME, IEICE

and IEEE .

- ai nueral.txtÎncărcat deDiki Box
- 6. Questions on DFT Efficient Computation – Fast Fourier Transform AlgorithmsÎncărcat dekibrom atsbha
- 1Încărcat dedayini roslizan
- FPGA Implementation of FFT Algorithm for IEEE 802Încărcat deSameer Nandan
- FPGAslide.pptÎncărcat deNanda Aldira Fakhri
- WK5 - Dynamic NetworksÎncărcat deArioston Júnior
- Hough Transform — EBSD-ImageÎncărcat deanh hoang pham
- hough_linesÎncărcat deRushi Desai
- Seasonal Rainfall PredictionÎncărcat deHari Baskar
- Digital Signal processing lab manualÎncărcat deRaj Kumar Chowdary
- sdarticleÎncărcat deapi-3821605
- A Low Power Radix-2 FFT Accelerator for FPGAÎncărcat deMuhammad Majid Altaf
- 8. Computer Sci - IJCSEITR - An Enhanced Facial Expression ClassificationÎncărcat deTJPRC Publications
- Speech processing research paper 18Încărcat deimparivesh
- Self-calibration of an on-board Stereo-Vision SystÎncărcat deaasdfjlk
- MesaVsGDFTÎncărcat deErezwa
- The Optimum Start-up of Central Air-conditioning Based on Neural NetworkÎncărcat deIJEC_Editor
- Numerical Analysis and Optimal Design for New Automotive Door Sealing With Variable Cross-sectionÎncărcat dekarol
- Lecture 4 Slides DFT Sampling TheoremÎncărcat dehaldois
- Deep Code SearchÎncărcat deJexia
- 3.Applied - JET - A Fuzzy Logic - K.G.dharani - Paid _1Încărcat deTJPRC Publications
- apl90aÎncărcat deDaniel Ajoy
- Cache i Lab Manual Sbg 2018-19Încărcat dePranjal
- Assesment of Electromagnetic and Radon Concentration as Earthquake PrecursorsÎncărcat deBambang Sunardi
- 27 Auto-regressive Recurrent Neural network Approach for Electricity Load forecastingÎncărcat deapi-19508046
- Ann Neural Network DictionaryÎncărcat deRafael Barrios
- 10.1.1.95Încărcat dedanakibre
- icassp10Încărcat deTbraiz Younis
- Article - Applications of Artificial Neural Networks in Chemical EngineeringÎncărcat deEvelin Koch
- Understanding Modern Digital Modulation TechniquesÎncărcat degsavithri_4017

- Failure to ThriveÎncărcat desantayohana
- ipi322072.pdfÎncărcat deNuzul Fajriani
- Ridley Et Al, 2008Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- en_1808-8694-bjorl-79-05-0603Încărcat deAnonymous QPXAgjBw
- Panga, Rani, & Kumar, 2013Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- Cherian Et Al, 2012Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- Afp Tonsillectomy in Children and AdultÎncărcat deSherynne
- Pidelaserra, 2014Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- Nurliza Et Al, 2011Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- 490308381386.pdfÎncărcat debono
- Nomura Et Al, 2014Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- Kendirli Et Al, 2008Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- ENT UK, 2016Încărcat dejulianasanjaya
- APA BipolargÎncărcat deRoxy Roxzy
- Bipolar MedicationÎncărcat deindar
- 070674370905400208.pdfÎncărcat dejulianasanjaya
- Warih_Konas Bipolar_2015_The Needs of Bipolar Disorder Psychoeducation in Family MembersÎncărcat deAnonymous 2T5Nk6
- 1281-1874-1-PBÎncărcat decamelia
- Assessment and Management of bipolar disorderÎncărcat dejulianasanjaya
- Cancer Network - Updates on the Management of Breast Cancer Brain Metastases - 2014-07-16Încărcat dejulianasanjaya

- 2.Oral Manifestation of Bacterial InfectionÎncărcat dehesti_margaretha
- 13URTIÎncărcat derez_q86
- Peer Review by HFISÎncărcat deAnonymous AbBiwqu
- Peritonsillar Abscess.doc AAFPÎncărcat deJho'ana Lavista
- Streptococcal PharyngitisÎncărcat deAndreas Ioannou
- #Pharyngitis,Tonsilitis, SuppurationÎncărcat deameerabest
- Biochemic Materia MedicaÎncărcat deteeyaan
- AzithromycinÎncărcat deapi-3797941
- 58854957-NCP-PEDIA-Tonsillitis.docxÎncărcat dedeliejoyce
- TonsilitisÎncărcat deIqbal Fahmi
- Form Kosong Lb1Încărcat deAnonymous to7SuSySLE
- osce notes in otolaryngologyÎncărcat deDr. T. Balasubramanian
- attachment(2).pdfÎncărcat demichaeljt_md6463
- Case ReportÎncărcat deshasha
- Acute Tonsillopharyngitis - Exudative Case Study 2013Încărcat deYanneBarrido
- 326_ftpÎncărcat deYidnekachew Girma Assefa
- AdenotonsilitisÎncărcat deAriSugiharto
- Use and Misuse of Antibiotics in Resp Infections HBUKÎncărcat deIqbalmunauwir Ab Rashid
- Tonsillitis Jpk Gxmu Edu CnÎncărcat deFrita Oktina Wijaya
- septilin119 tonsilitis akutÎncărcat deGerry Raymond Joviolo
- Elsharnoby pediatric made easy.docÎncărcat deelmaadawy2002
- Per i Tons IllerÎncărcat dekochikaghochi
- 10.1080@00016489.2017.1322712Încărcat deBudi Khang
- Pediatric Respiratory HandoutsÎncărcat deBrittany
- causes and treatment tonsilitisÎncărcat deKhilyatul Mufida
- art-3A10.1007-2FBF02991470Încărcat demfhfhf
- journalÎncărcat deVini Tien
- tonsilitis.pdfÎncărcat deGabrielacd
- Chapter 22 Management of Patients With Upper Respiratory Tract DisordersÎncărcat dePeej Reyes
- Tonsils and AdenoidsÎncărcat defrabzi

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.