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Science is a vast field.

It has various branches that have broadly been divided into Natural Sciences,
Formal Sciences and Social Sciences. These are known as the fundamental sciences that form the
basis of the applied and interdisciplinary sciences. Science includes the study of the structure and
behaviour of the natural and physical aspects of the world by way of experimentation and
observation. It is an extensive subject with several branches. Here are essays of varying length to
give you an insight about this subject and help you with it in your class tests and examination.

Science involves extensive study of the behaviour of natural and physical world. The study is
conducted by way of research, observation and experimentation. There are several branches of
science. These include the natural sciences, social sciences and formal sciences. These broad
categories have further been divided into sub categories and sub-sub categories. Physics, chemistry,
biology earth science and astronomy form a part of the natural sciences, history, geography,
economics, political science, sociology, psychology, social studies and anthropology are a part of the
social sciences and formal sciences include mathematics, logic, statistics, decision theory, system
theory and computer science.

Science has changed the world for good. There have been several scientific inventions from time to
time and these have made life convenient for the human beings. Several of these inventions have
become an integral part of our lives and we cannot imagine our lives without them. Scientists
worldwide continue to experiment and keep coming up with newer inventions every now and then
with some of them bringing revolution worldwide. However, as useful as it is, science has also been
misused by some, mainly by those in power, for fuelling an arms race and degrading the

The ideologies of science and religion have not found any meeting ground. These seemingly
contrasting ideas have given rise to several conflicts in the past and continue to do so.
Science is a means to study, understand, analyze and experiment with the natural and physical
aspects of the world and put them to use to come up with newer inventions that make life more
convenient for the mankind. The observation and experimentation in the field of science is not
limited to a particular aspect or idea; it is widespread.

Uses of Science
Almost everything we use in our daily lives is a gift of science. From cars to washing machines, from
mobile phones to microwaves, from refrigerators to laptops – everything is an outcome of scientific
experimentation. Here is how science impacts our everyday life:

1. Cooking

Not just microwaves, grillers and refrigerators, gas stoves that are commonly used to prepare food
are also a scientific invention.

2. Medical Treatments

The treatment of several diseases and ailments has been made possible because of the
advancement in science. Science thus promotes healthy living and has contributed in the increase of
life span.

3. Communication

Mobile phones and internet connections that have become an integral part of our lives these days
are all inventions of science. These inventions have made communication easier and brought the
world closer.

4. Source of Energy

The discovery of atomic energy has given way to the invention and deployment of various forms of
energies. Electricity is one of its main inventions and the way it impacts our everyday life is known
to all.

5. Variety of Food
The variety of food has also increased. Many fruits and vegetables are now available all through the
year. You do not require waiting for a particular season to enjoy a specific food. The
experimentations in the field of science have led to this change.

Science is thus a part of our everyday life. Our life would have been very different and difficult
without the advancement in science. However, we cannot deny the fact that many scientific
inventions have led to the degradation of the environment and have also caused numerous health
problems for the mankind.