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2010-5-11 Security Level:internal

Introduction of
H323 Protocol
System

ISSUE 2.0 www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Chapter I: H323 Protocol System Introduction

Chapter II: Conference Calling flow

Chapter III: Diagnose and trouble shooting

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H323 Protocol Stack

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H323 Protocol Stack

Frame of H.323 protocol


H.225 Call and RAS signal

H.245 Conference control and capability negotiation

Real-time Transfer Protocol and Real-time


RTP/RTCP
Transfer Control Protocol
T.120\T.150\T.38 Data conference
H.239 Dual Stream
H.261\H.263\H.264 Video coding and decoding protocol
G.711\G.729\AAC-LD Audio coding and decoding protocol
H.281 Camera remote control

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Registration to GK, after power on

•RRQ: Registration Request


•RCF: Registration Confirm
•RRJ: Registration Reject

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Call by IP Addr. Directly

SETUP

192.168.0.1 192.168.0.2

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Call by Number

1. ARQ Admission Request by Caller 01001(192.168.0.1)01002, 384K


2. ACF Admission Confirm to Caller 01001(192.168.0.1)01002 (192.168.0.2), 384K
3. SETUP Set up the Logic Channel 192.168.0.1192.168.0.2
4. ARQ Admission Request by Callee
5. ACF Admission Confirm to Callee
6. CONNECTED Logic Channel Connected

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Open Logic Channel

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Point to Point Call with Neighbor-GK
GK1 GK2
010 0755

7.ACF
4.ACF
Endpoint 1 Endpoint 2
01001 075501

1. ARQ Admission Request by Caller 01001(192.168.0.1)01002, 384K


2. LRQ Location Request from local gk
3. LCF Location Confirm from neighbor gk
4. ACF Admission Confirm to Caller 01001(192.168.0.1)01002 (192.168.0.2),384K
5. SETUP Set up the Logic Channel 192.168.0.1192.168.0.2
6. ARQ Admission Request by Callee
7. ACF Admission Confirm to Callee
8. CONNECTED Logic Channel Connected

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Chapter I: H323 Protocol System Introduction

Chapter II: Conference Calling flow

Chapter III: Diagnose and trouble shooting

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MCU Call Terminal

MCU
1. ARQ
2. ACF
3. SETUP
4. ARQ
5. ACF
6. CONNECTED

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MCU Hold a Multipoint Conference

DB DB
Conf 1
1. 01001
2. 01002
GKM RMCC 3. 01003
192.168.0.1
192.168.0.2
192.168.0.3

GK MCU

T1 T2 T3
01001 01002 01003

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MCU Hold a Multipoint Conference

RMCC

MCU

T1
T1 T1

T1 T2 T3

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Principle of MCU cascading

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Principle of MCU cascading

T1
T1 T1

T1
T1 T1

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Chapter I: H323 Protocol System Introduction

Chapter II: Conference Calling flow

Chapter III: Diagnose and trouble shooting

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Fail to register GK

 1. Open the H323 log files in the installation path.


For instance:

 2. The failure reason is given in the log files:


 RRQ recvfrom [(218.5.64.98:18616)] [terminal] [59285094444]
[ras(172.16.30.127:1719)] [cs(172.16.30.127:1720)]
 RRJ sendto [(218.5.64.98:18616)] [59285094444]
[[0x00000065:err_reg_wrong_account_or_password]]

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Fail to give a call
Case I. GK ARJ Rejected

 In the H323 log files of GK, the rejection reason is recorded:


 08:08:01 ARQ recvfrom [(61.131.13.141:1719)] [Caller] [59512724]
[(61.131.13.141:1720)] [Callee] [59522000051] [1024000 bit/s]
 08:08:01 ARJ sendto [(61.131.13.141:1719)] [Caller] [59512724]
[(61.131.13.141:1720)] [Callee] [59522000051]
[[0x0000006d:err_call_callee_offline]]

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Fail to give a call
Case II. Setup Signal Interrupted

 STEP 1: Refer the H323 log file, signal flow is as normal


 STEP 2: Capture packet in both sides, the interruption of setup-
signal is the failure reason.

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Fail to give a call
Case III. Terminal capability Diagnose Failed

 STEP 1: Refer the H323 log file, signal flow is as normal


 STEP 2: Capture packet in both sides, the terminal capability
diagnose failure is the reason

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Thank you
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