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ADITYA HORIZON COLLEGE

CHEMISTRY PROJECT
SAKSHI BUDHIA CLASS:12 TH SCIENCE
ROLL NO:05

[Year]
I would like to express my special thanks of
gratitude to my teacher as well as our principal who
gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful
project on the topic , which also helped me in doing a
lot of Research and i came to know about so many new
things I am really thankful to them.
Secondly i would also like to thank my parents and
friends who helped me a lot in finalizing this project
within the limited time frame.
SR NO TOPIC
1 INTRODUCTION
2 AIM AND THEORY
3 EXPERIMENTAL SECTION
A]MATERIALS REQUIRED
B]PROCEDURE
C]OBSERVATION
4 RESULT AND DISCUSSION
5 BIBLIOGRAPHY
6 PHOTOS
W h e n s u b s ta n c e s a re br o u g h t i n co n t a c t w i t h
e a c h other, they intermingle with each other. This
phenomenon is known as diffusion. "Diffusion takes
place very rapidly in case of gases, to a lesser extent
in case of liquids and not at all in the case of solids.
However, diffusion of solids in liquids does take
place, albeit at a very slow

If a solid is kept in contact with excess


of solvent in which it is soluble, some portion
of t h e s o l i d g e t s dissolved. This process is
known as dissolution of a solid in
liquid, and it takes place due to the diffusi
o n o f s o l i d particles into liquid medium.
Molecules of solute are in constant
random motion due to the collision between
molecules of solute and that of the solvent. It is
this physical interaction between solute- solvent
particles that lead to diffusion.
Aim: to study the effect
of temperature on rate
of diffusion on rate of
diffusion of solids in
liquids

Theory:
as temperature increases, the kinetice
nergy of the particles increases. Thus, t
h e s p e e d o f particles also increase, which in
turn increases the rate of diffusion
 copper sulphate (cuso4) crystals

 Three 100ml beakers


 Watch glass

 Wire gauge

 burner tripod stand

 Thermometer

 stop watch.
 Take five gram of copper sulphate ea
c h i n t h r e e beakers.

 Pour 100 ml of distilled water slowly in


o n e o f t h e beakers.

 Cover this beaker with a watch glass.



 pour 100 ml of cold water in a second beaker slowly.

 place a third beaker containing 100 ml of


water on a tripod stand for heating.

 observe the diffusion process which begins in


all the beakers. record of copper sulphate the
time taken for THE DISSOLUTION OF COPPER SULPHATE
IN ALL THREE CASES .
SR NO CRYSTAL SIZE TIME TAKEN TO DIFFUSE

1 BIG 19 MIN

2 MEDIUM 13 MIN

3 SMALL 5 MIN
THE RATE OF DIFFUSION OF COPPER SULPHATE
IN WATER IS IN THE ORDER AS GIVEN BELOW:

BEAKER 1>BEAKER 2>BEAKER 3

THUS THE RATE OF DIFFUSION VARIES INVERSLY


WITH TEMPERATURE
As per the collision theory, faster diffusion will take
place if the surroundings are warmer. The speed of a
molecule is proportional to the square root of the
absolute temperature and temperature is the
measure of the average kinetic energy of molecules in
an object, therefore when the temperature increases
the molecules will have more kinetic energy, so they
move faster and due to more spontaneous spreading of
the material diffusion occurs quicker. When this
happens the rate of diffusion also increases, the
opposite will happen if the temperature decreases.
The Brownian motion of the molecules increases with
temperature, and therefore the diffusion.
I HAVE TAKEN THIS INFORMATION
FROM
-WIKIPEDIA
-www.chempracs.com
TWO BEAKERS AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES
WHEN ADDED WITH COPPER SULPHATE
CRYSTALS
DIFFUSION TAKING PLACE AT DIFFERENT
TEMPERATURES THE 1 JAR BEING AT THE LOWER
ST

TEMPERATURE THEN THE 2 JAR


ND
THE RATE OF DIFFUSION VARIES INVERSLY WITH
TEMPERATURE