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Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.

OWNER’S MANUAL

YP400R
YP400RA
1SD-F8199-E1

[English (E)] DIC183

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EAU50921

Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. This manual should stay with this vehicle if it is sold.

YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.


1450-6, Mori, Mori-machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-ken, 437-0292 Japan

DECLARATION of CONFORMITY

We
Company: YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
Address: 1450-6, Mori, Mori-Machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-Ken, 437-0292 Japan

Hereby declare that the product:


Kind of equipment: IMMOBILIZER
Type-designation: 5SL-00

is in compliance with following norm(s) or documents:


R&TTE Directive(1999/5/EC)
EN300 330-2 v1.3.1(2006-01), EN300 330-2 v1.5.1(2010-02)
EN60950-1:2006/A11:2009
Two or Three-Wheel Motor Vehicles Directive(97/24/EC: Chapter 8, EMC)

Place of issue: Shizuoka, Japan

Date of issue: 1 Aug. 2002

Revision record
No. Contents Date
1 To change contact person and integrate type-designation. 9 Jun. 2005
2 Version up the norm of EN60950 to EN60950-1 27 Feb. 2006
3 To change company name 1 Mar. 2007
version up of the following norm:
4 • EN300 330-2 v1.1.1 to EN300 330-2 v1.3.1 and EN300 330-2 v1.5.1 8 Jul. 2010
• EN60950-1:2001 to EN60950-1:2006/A11:2009

General manager of quality assurance div.

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INTRODUCTION
EAU10114

Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling!


As the owner of the YP400R/YP400RA, you are benefiting from Yamaha’s vast experience and newest technology regard-
ing the design and manufacture of high-quality products, which have earned Yamaha a reputation for dependability.
Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all advantages of your YP400R/YP400RA. The Owner’s
Manual does not only instruct you in how to operate, inspect and maintain your scooter, but also in how to safeguard your-
self and others from trouble and injury.
In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help keep your scooter in the best possible condition. If you have any
further questions, do not hesitate to contact your Yamaha dealer.
The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put safety first!
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most cur-
rent product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your scooter and this
manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
EWA12412

WARNING
Please read this manual carefully and completely before operating this scooter.

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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION


EAU10134

Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:


This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury
hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury
or death.

A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in


WARNING death or serious injury.

A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
NOTICE vehicle or other property.

TIP A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.

*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.

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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION

EAUM1012

YP400R/YP400RA
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2013 by MBK INDUSTRIE
1st edition, September 2013
All rights reserved
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
MBK INDUSTRIE
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in France.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION .................. 1-1 FOR YOUR SAFETY – Valve clearance............................. 6-20
Further safe-riding points ............... 1-5 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS .............4-1 Tires .............................................. 6-21
Cast wheels .................................. 6-22
DESCRIPTION .................................. 2-1 OPERATION AND IMPORTANT Checking the front and rear brake
Left view ......................................... 2-1 RIDING POINTS ................................5-1 lever free play ............................ 6-23
Right view....................................... 2-2 Starting the engine..........................5-1 Checking the front and rear brake
Controls and instruments ............... 2-3 Starting off ......................................5-2 pads .......................................... 6-24
Acceleration and deceleration ........5-3 Checking the brake fluid level ...... 6-24
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL Braking............................................5-3 Changing the brake fluid .............. 6-26
FUNCTIONS...................................... 3-1 Tips for reducing fuel Checking and lubricating the
Immobilizer system......................... 3-1 consumption................................5-4 cables........................................ 6-26
Main switch/steering lock............... 3-2 Engine break-in ...............................5-4 Checking and lubricating the
Indicator lights and warning Parking ............................................5-5 throttle grip and cable ............... 6-26
lights............................................ 3-3 Lubricating the front and rear
Speedometer.................................. 3-5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND brake levers............................... 6-27
Tachometer .................................... 3-6 ADJUSTMENT...................................6-1 Checking and lubricating the
Multi-function display ..................... 3-6 Owner’s tool kit ...............................6-2 centerstand and sidestand........ 6-27
Anti-theft alarm (optional) ............. 3-10 Periodic maintenance chart for the Checking the front fork................. 6-28
Handlebar switches...................... 3-10 emission control system..............6-3 Checking the steering................... 6-29
Front brake lever .......................... 3-11 General maintenance and Checking the wheel bearings ....... 6-29
Rear brake lever ........................... 3-12 lubrication chart...........................6-4 Battery .......................................... 6-29
ABS (for ABS models) .................. 3-12 Removing and installing panels ......6-8 Replacing the fuses ...................... 6-31
Fuel tank cap ................................ 3-13 Checking the spark plug ...............6-11 Replacing a headlight bulb ........... 6-32
Fuel............................................... 3-14 Engine oil and oil filter element .....6-13 Tail/brake light .............................. 6-33
Catalytic converters...................... 3-15 Final transmission oil.....................6-15 Front turn signal light.................... 6-33
Seat .............................................. 3-16 Coolant..........................................6-16 Replacing a rear turn signal light
Storage compartments................. 3-16 Air filter elements and check bulb ........................................... 6-33
Adjusting the shock absorber hoses and V-belt case air filter Replacing the license plate light
assemblies ................................ 3-18 element ......................................6-18 bulb ........................................... 6-34
Sidestand ..................................... 3-18 Checking the throttle grip free Auxiliary light ................................ 6-35
Ignition circuit cut-off system....... 3-19 play ............................................6-20 Troubleshooting............................ 6-35

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Troubleshooting charts .................6-36

SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE....7-1


Matte color caution .........................7-1
Care .................................................7-1
Storage ............................................7-4

SPECIFICATIONS..............................8-1

CONSUMER INFORMATION............9-1
Identification numbers.....................9-1

INDEX...............................................10-1

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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU1026B
 Never operate a scooter without conspicuous appears to be very
1
proper training or instruction. Take effective in reducing the chance of
a training course. Beginners this type of accident.
Be a Responsible Owner should receive training from a cer- Therefore:
As the vehicle’s owner, you are re- tified instructor. Contact an autho- • Wear a brightly colored jacket.
sponsible for the safe and proper oper- rized scooter dealer to find out • Use extra caution when you are
ation of your scooter. about the training courses nearest approaching and passing
Scooters are single-track vehicles. you. through intersections, since in-
Their safe use and operation are de- tersections are the most likely
pendent upon the use of proper riding Safe Riding places for scooter accidents to
techniques as well as the expertise of Perform the pre-operation checks occur.
the operator. Every operator should each time you use the vehicle to make • Ride where other motorists can
know the following requirements be- sure it is in safe operating condition. see you. Avoid riding in another
fore riding this scooter. Failure to inspect or maintain the vehi- motorist’s blind spot.
He or she should: cle properly increases the possibility of • Never maintain a scooter with-
 Obtain thorough instructions from an accident or equipment damage. out proper knowledge. Contact
a competent source on all aspects See page 4-1 for a list of pre-operation an authorized scooter dealer to
of scooter operation. checks. inform you on basic scooter
 Observe the warnings and mainte-  This scooter is designed to carry maintenance. Certain mainte-
nance requirements in this Own- the operator and a passenger. nance can only be carried out
er’s Manual.  The failure of motorists to detect by certified staff.
 Obtain qualified training in safe and recognize scooters in traffic is
and proper riding techniques. the predominating cause of auto-
 Obtain professional technical ser- mobile/scooter accidents. Many
vice as indicated in this Owner’s accidents have been caused by
Manual and/or when made neces- an automobile driver who did not
sary by mechanical conditions. see the scooter. Making yourself

1-1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
 Many accidents involve inexperi- • Always signal before turning or Protective Apparel
1
enced operators. In fact, many op- changing lanes. Make sure that The majority of fatalities from scooter
erators who have been involved in other motorists can see you. accidents are the result of head inju-
accidents do not even have a cur-  The posture of the operator and ries. The use of a safety helmet is the
rent driver’s license. passenger is important for proper single most critical factor in the pre-
• Make sure that you are qualified control. vention or reduction of head injuries.
and that you only lend your • The operator should keep both  Always wear an approved helmet.
scooter to other qualified opera- hands on the handlebar and  Wear a face shield or goggles.
tors. both feet on the operator foot- Wind in your unprotected eyes
• Know your skills and limits. rests during operation to main- could contribute to an impairment
Staying within your limits may tain control of the scooter. of vision that could delay seeing a
help you to avoid an accident. • The passenger should always hazard.
• We recommend that you prac- hold onto the operator, the seat  The use of a jacket, substantial
tice riding your scooter where strap or grab bar, if equipped, shoes, trousers, gloves, etc., is ef-
there is no traffic until you have with both hands and keep both fective in preventing or reducing
become thoroughly familiar with feet on the passenger footrests. abrasions or lacerations.
the scooter and all of its con- Never carry a passenger unless  Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
trols. he or she can firmly place both otherwise they could catch on the
 Many accidents have been feet on the passenger footrests. control levers or wheels and cause
caused by error of the scooter op-  Never ride under the influence of injury or an accident.
erator. A typical error made by the alcohol or other drugs.  Always wear protective clothing
operator is veering wide on a turn  This scooter is designed for on- that covers your legs, ankles, and
due to excessive speed or under- road use only. It is not suitable for feet. The engine or exhaust sys-
cornering (insufficient lean angle off-road use. tem become very hot during or af-
for the speed). ter operation and can cause
• Always obey the speed limit and burns.
never travel faster than warrant-  A passenger should also observe
ed by road and traffic condi- the above precautions.
tions.
1-2
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SAFETY INFORMATION
Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning  Do not run engine outdoors where When loading within this weight limit,
1
All engine exhaust contains carbon engine exhaust can be drawn into keep the following in mind:
monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing a building through openings such  Cargo and accessory weight
carbon monoxide can cause head- as windows and doors. should be kept as low and close to
aches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, the scooter as possible. Securely
confusion, and eventually death. Loading pack your heaviest items as close
Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odor- Adding accessories or cargo to your to the center of the vehicle as pos-
less, tasteless gas which may be pres- scooter can adversely affect stability sible and make sure to distribute
ent even if you do not see or smell any and handling if the weight distribution the weight as evenly as possible
engine exhaust. Deadly levels of car- of the scooter is changed. To avoid the on both sides of the scooter to
bon monoxide can collect rapidly and possibility of an accident, use extreme minimize imbalance or instability.
you can quickly be overcome and un- caution when adding cargo or acces-  Shifting weights can create a sud-
able to save yourself. Also, deadly lev- sories to your scooter. Use extra care den imbalance. Make sure that
els of carbon monoxide can linger for when riding a scooter that has added accessories and cargo are se-
hours or days in enclosed or poorly cargo or accessories. Here, along with curely attached to the scooter be-
ventilated areas. If you experience any the information about accessories be- fore riding. Check accessory
symptoms of carbon monoxide poi- low, are some general guidelines to fol- mounts and cargo restraints fre-
soning, leave the area immediately, get low if loading cargo to your scooter: quently.
fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREAT- The total weight of the operator, pas- • Properly adjust the suspension
MENT. senger, accessories and cargo must for your load (suspension-ad-
 Do not run engine indoors. Even if not exceed the maximum load limit. justable models only), and
you try to ventilate engine exhaust Operation of an overloaded vehicle check the condition and pres-
with fans or open windows and could cause an accident. sure of your tires.
doors, carbon monoxide can rap- • Never attach any large or heavy
idly reach dangerous levels. Maximum load: items to the handlebar, front
 Do not run engine in poorly venti- YP400R 185 kg (408 lb) fork, or front fender. Such items
YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb)
lated or partially enclosed areas can create unstable handling or
such as barns, garages, or car- a slow steering response.
ports.
1-3
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SAFETY INFORMATION
 This vehicle is not designed to nize that some aftermarket accesso- are added to the handlebar or
1
pull a trailer or to be attached to ries or modifications are not suitable front fork area, they must be as
a sidecar. because of potential safety hazards to lightweight as possible and
you or others. Installing aftermarket should be kept to a minimum.
Genuine Yamaha Accessories products or having other modifications • Bulky or large accessories may
Choosing accessories for your vehicle performed to your vehicle that change seriously affect the stability of
is an important decision. Genuine any of the vehicle’s design or operation the scooter due to aerodynamic
Yamaha accessories, which are avail- characteristics can put you and others effects. Wind may attempt to lift
able only from a Yamaha dealer, have at greater risk of serious injury or the scooter, or the scooter may
been designed, tested, and approved death. You are responsible for injuries become unstable in cross
by Yamaha for use on your vehicle. related to changes in the vehicle. winds. These accessories may
Many companies with no connection Keep the following guidelines in mind, also cause instability when
to Yamaha manufacture parts and ac- as well as those provided under “Load- passing or being passed by lar-
cessories or offer other modifications ing” when mounting accessories. ge vehicles.
for Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in  Never install accessories or carry • Certain accessories can dis-
a position to test the products that cargo that would impair the per- place the operator from his or
these aftermarket companies produce. formance of your scooter. Careful- her normal riding position. This
Therefore, Yamaha can neither en- ly inspect the accessory before improper position limits the
dorse nor recommend the use of ac- using it to make sure that it does freedom of movement of the
cessories not sold by Yamaha or not in any way reduce ground operator and may limit control
modifications not specifically recom- clearance or cornering clearance, ability, therefore, such accesso-
mended by Yamaha, even if sold and limit suspension travel, steering ries are not recommended.
installed by a Yamaha dealer. travel or control operation, or ob-  Use caution when adding electri-
scure lights or reflectors. cal accessories. If electrical ac-
Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, and • Accessories fitted to the han- cessories exceed the capacity of
Modifications dlebar or the front fork area can the scooter’s electrical system, an
While you may find aftermarket prod- create instability due to improp- electric failure could result, which
ucts similar in design and quality to er weight distribution or aerody- could cause a dangerous loss of
genuine Yamaha accessories, recog- namic changes. If accessories lights or engine power.
1-4
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SAFETY INFORMATION
Aftermarket Tires and Rims cation for the straps carefully so EAU57600

1
The tires and rims that came with your the straps will not rub against Further safe-riding points
scooter were designed to match the painted surfaces during transport.  Be sure to signal clearly when
performance capabilities and to pro-  The suspension should be com- making turns.
vide the best combination of handling, pressed somewhat by the tie-  Braking can be extremely difficult
braking, and comfort. Other tires, rims, downs, if possible, so that the on a wet road. Avoid hard braking,
sizes, and combinations may not be scooter will not bounce exces- because the scooter could slide.
appropriate. Refer to page 6-21 for tire sively during transport. Apply the brakes slowly when
specifications and more information on stopping on a wet surface.
replacing your tires.  Slow down as you approach a
corner or turn. Once you have
Transporting the Scooter completed a turn, accelerate
Be sure to observe following instruc- slowly.
tions before transporting the scooter in  Be careful when passing parked
another vehicle. cars. A driver might not see you
 Remove all loose items from the and open a door in your path.
scooter.  Railroad crossings, streetcar rails,
 Point the front wheel straight iron plates on road construction
ahead on the trailer or in the truck sites, and manhole covers be-
bed, and choke it in a rail to pre- come extremely slippery when
vent movement. wet. Slow down and cross them
 Secure the scooter with tie-downs with caution. Keep the scooter up-
or suitable straps that are at- right, otherwise it could slide out
tached to solid parts of the scoot- from under you.
er, such as the frame or upper  The brake pads or linings could
front fork triple clamp (and not, for get wet when you wash the scoot-
example, to rubber-mounted han- er. After washing the scooter,
dlebars or turn signals, or parts check the brakes before riding.
that could break). Choose the lo-
1-5
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SAFETY INFORMATION
 Always wear a helmet, gloves,
1
trousers (tapered around the cuff
and ankle so they do not flap), and
a brightly colored jacket.
 Do not carry too much luggage on
the scooter. An overloaded scoot-
er is unstable. Use a strong cord
to secure any luggage to the carri-
er (if equipped). A loose load will
affect the stability of the scooter
and could divert your attention
from the road. (See page 1-3.)

1-6
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10411

Left view

2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

12 11 10 9 8
1. Headlight (page 6-32) 9. Air filter element (left) (page 6-18)
2. Battery (page 6-29) 10.Engine oil filter element (page 6-13)
3. Main fuse (page 6-31) 11.Sidestand (page 3-18)
4. Coolant reservoir cap (page 6-16) 12.Front brake pads (page 6-24)
5. Coolant level check window (page 6-16)
6. Rear storage compartment (page 3-16)
7. V-belt case air filter element (page 6-18)
8. Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-18)

2-1
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10421

Right view
1 2 3 4
2

7 6 5
1. Grab bar (page 5-2)
2. Seat (page 3-16)
3. Fuel tank cap (page 3-13)
4. Fuses (page 6-31)
5. Centerstand (page 6-27)
6. Air filter element (right) (page 6-18)
7. Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-18)

2-2
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10431

Controls and instruments


1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2

12 11 10 9 8
1. Rear brake lever (page 3-12) 9. Front storage compartment B (page 3-16)
2. Left handlebar switches (page 3-10) 10.Main switch/steering lock (page 3-2)
3. Speedometer (page 3-5) 11.Coolant level check window (page 6-16)
4. Multi-function display (page 3-6) 12.Front storage compartment A (page 3-16)
5. Tachometer (page 3-6)
6. Right handlebar switches (page 3-10)
7. Front brake lever (page 3-11)
8. Throttle grip (page 6-20)

2-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU10978
 an immobilizer system indicator mended to use either standard
Immobilizer system light (See page 3-4.) key and keep the code re-regis-
The key with the red bow is used to tering key in a safe place.
register codes in each standard key.  Do not submerse any key in wa-
Since re-registering is a difficult pro- ter.
cess, take the vehicle along with all  Do not expose any key to exces- 3
three keys to a Yamaha dealer to have sively high temperatures.
them re-registered. Do not use the key  Do not place any key close to
with the red bow for driving. It should magnets (this includes, but not
only be used for re-registering the limited to, products such as
standard keys. Always use a standard speakers, etc.).
1. Code re-registering key (red bow) key for driving.  Do not place items that transmit
2. Standard keys (black bow) ECA11822
electrical signals close to any
NOTICE key.
This vehicle is equipped with an immo-
 DO NOT LOSE THE CODE RE-  Do not place heavy items on any
bilizer system to help prevent theft by
REGISTERING KEY! CONTACT key.
re-registering codes in the standard
YOUR DEALER IMMEDIATELY  Do not grind any key or alter its
keys. This system consists of the fol-
IF IT IS LOST! If the code re-reg- shape.
lowing:
istering key is lost, registering  Do not disassemble the plastic
 a code re-registering key (with a
new codes in the standard keys part of any key.
red bow)
is impossible. The standard  Do not put two keys of any im-
 two standard keys (with a black
keys can still be used to start mobilizer system on the same
bow) that can be re-registered
the vehicle, however if code re- key ring.
with new codes
registering is required (i.e., if a  Keep the standard keys as well
 a transponder (which is installed in
new standard key is made or all as keys of other immobilizer
the code re-registering key)
keys are lost) the entire immobi- systems away from this vehi-
 an immobilizer unit
lizer system must be replaced. cle’s code re-registering key.
 an ECU
Therefore, it is highly recom-

3-1
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


 Keep other immobilizer system EAU10473 EAU34122

keys away from the main switch Main switch/steering lock ON


All electrical circuits are supplied with
as they may cause signal inter-
power; the meter lighting, taillight, li-
ference.
cense plate light and auxiliary lights
come on, and the engine can be start-
3 ed. The key cannot be removed.
TIP
The headlights come on automatically
when the engine is started and stay on
ZAUM1004 until the key is turned to “OFF” or the
The main switch/steering lock controls sidestand is moved down.
the ignition and lighting systems, and is
EAU10662
used to lock the steering. The various OFF
positions are described below. All electrical systems are off. The key
TIP can be removed.
EWA10062
Be sure to use the standard key (black
WARNING
bow) for regular use of the vehicle. To
minimize the risk of losing the code re- Never turn the key to “OFF” or
registering key (red bow), keep it in a “LOCK” while the vehicle is moving.
safe place and only use it for code re- Otherwise the electrical systems will
registering. be switched off, which may result in
loss of control or an accident.

3-2
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU10685 ECA11021 EAU49394
LOCK NOTICE Indicator lights and warning
The steering is locked, and all electrical lights
Do not use the parking position for
systems are off. The key can be re-
an extended length of time, other-
moved.
wise the battery may discharge. CLOCK

To lock the steering 1/2


OUT TEMP 3
°C

1. Turn the handlebars all the way to ODO

the left. OI
L
CH
AN

2. Push the key in from the “OFF” GE

position, and then turn it to


“LOCK” while still pushing it. 1 2 3 4 5
3. Remove the key. ZAUM1132

1. Turn signal indicator lights “ ” and “ ”


2. High beam indicator light “ ”
To unlock the steering
3. Engine trouble warning light “ ”
Push the key in, and then turn it to 4. Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) warning
“OFF” while still pushing it. light “ ABS ” (for ABS models)
5. Immobilizer system indicator light
EAUM2971
(Parking) EAU11031
The hazard lights and turn signal lights Turn signal indicator lights “ ”
can be turned on, but all other electri- and “ ”
cal systems are off. The key can be re- The corresponding indicator light
moved. flashes when the turn signal switch is
The steering must be locked before the pushed to the left or right.
key can be turned to “ ”.

3-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU11081 EAUM3381
all, use extra caution to avoid possi-
High beam indicator light “ ” ABS warning light “ ” (for ABS
ABS

ble wheel lock during emergency


This indicator light comes on when the models)
braking. Have a Yamaha dealer
high beam of the headlight is switched In normal operation, the ABS warning
check the brake system and electri-
on. light comes on when the key is turned
cal circuits as soon as possible.
to “ON”, and goes off after traveling at
3 EAU43024
a speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or higher.
Engine trouble warning light “ ” TIP
If the ABS warning light:
This warning light comes on if an elec- The ABS warning light may come on
 does not come on when the key is
trical circuit monitoring the engine is while accelerating the engine with the
turned to “ON”
not working correctly. If this occurs, scooter on its centerstand, but this
 comes on or flashes while riding
have a Yamaha dealer check the self- does not indicate a malfunction.
 does not go off after traveling at a
diagnosis system.
speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or high-
The electrical circuit of the warning EAU38625
er Immobilizer system indicator light
light can be checked by turning the key
The ABS may not work correctly. If any The electrical circuit of the indicator
to “ON”. The warning light should
of the above occurs, have a Yamaha light can be checked by turning the key
come on for a few seconds, and then
dealer check the system as soon as to “ON”. The indicator light should
go off.
possible. (See page 3-12 for an expla- come on for a few seconds, and then
If the warning light does not come on
nation of the ABS.) go off.
initially when the key is turned to “ON”, EWA16041
or if the warning light remains on, have If the indicator light does not come on
WARNING initially when the key is turned to “ON”,
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
If the ABS warning light does not go or if the indicator light remains on, have
circuit.
off after traveling at a speed of 10 a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
TIP km/h (6 mi/h) or higher, or if the circuit.
This warning light will come on when warning light comes on or flashes When the key is turned to “OFF” and
the key is turned to “ON” and the start while riding, the brake system re- 30 seconds have passed, the indicator
switch is pushed, but this does not in- verts to conventional braking. If ei- light will start flashing indicating the im-
dicate a malfunction. ther of the above occurs, or if the mobilizer system is enabled. After 24
warning light does not come on at

3-4
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


hours have passed, the indicator light EAUS1861
When the key is turned to “ON”, the
will stop flashing, however the immobi- Speedometer speedometer needle will sweep once
lizer system is still enabled. across the speed range and then re-
The self-diagnosis device also detects turn to zero in order to test the electri-
problems in the immobilizer system cal circuit.
circuits. (See page 3-8 for an explana- 3
tion of the self-diagnosis device.) 1

OI
L
CH
AN
GE

ZAUM1005

1. Speedometer

UK ONLY

6070
50 80
40
100 12 90
30 60 0MPH 0
8
14

100
01

20
20 40

60 180

1 10 km/h
110
0 120

OI
L
CH
AN
GE

ZAUM1006

1. Speedometer

The speedometer shows the riding


speed.

3-5
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU11873 EAUM2984

Tachometer Multi-function display 1 2 3


EWA12313 CLOCK OIL CHANGE

1 WARNING
Be sure to stop the vehicle before
OUT TEMP
making any setting changes to the
3 multi-function display. Changing
1/2
°C
V-belt
2 settings while riding can distract the
TRIP 2
operator and increase the risk of an
accident. ZAUM1009

1. V-belt replacement indicator “V-BELT”


ZAUM1007

CLOCK
2. Oil change indicator “OIL CHANGE”
1. Tachometer 3. Icy road warning indicator “ ”
1
2. Tachometer red zone
2 OUT TEMP
The multi-function display is equipped
The electric tachometer allows the rid- 1/2 with the following:
°C
er to monitor the engine speed and 3 7  a fuel meter
keep it within the ideal power range.  a coolant temperature meter
4 ODO

When the key is turned to “ON”, the ta- 5  an odometer


chometer needle will sweep once 6  two tripmeters (which show the
across the r/min range and then return ZAUM1008
distance traveled since they were
to zero r/min in order to test the electri- 1. Clock last set to zero)
cal circuit. 2. Ambient temperature display  a fuel reserve tripmeter (which
ECA10032 3. Fuel meter
shows the distance traveled since
NOTICE 4. Odometer/tripmeters/fuel reserve tripmeter
the bottom segment of the fuel
Do not operate the engine in the ta- 5. “SELECT” button
6. “RESET” button
meter and fuel level warning indi-
chometer red zone. cator started flashing)
7. Coolant temperature meter
Red zone: 8250 r/min and above  a self-diagnosis device
 a clock
 an ambient temperature display
3-6
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


 an oil change indicator When approximately 2.0 L (0.53 US the fuel reserve tripmeter manually, it
 a V-belt replacement indicator gal, 0.44 Imp.gal) of fuel remains in the will reset itself automatically and the
fuel tank, the bottom segment of the display will return to the prior mode af-
TIP
fuel meter will start flashing, and the ter refueling and traveling 5 km (3 mi).
 Be sure to turn the key to “ON” be-
display will automatically change to the
fore using the “SELECT” and “RE- TIP
fuel reserve tripmeter mode “Trip F” 3
SET” buttons. The display cannot be changed back
and start counting the distance trav-
 When the key is turned to “ON”, all to “Trip F” after pushing the “RESET”
eled from that point. In that case, push-
of the display segments of the button.
ing the “SELECT” button switches the
multi-function display will appear
display between the various tripmeter
one after the other and then disap- Fuel meter
and odometer modes in the following
pear, in order to test the electrical With the key in the “ON” position, the
order:
circuit. fuel meter indicates the amount of fuel
Trip F → Trip 1 → Trip 2 → Odo → Trip
 For the UK, the distance traveled in the fuel tank. The display segments
F
is displayed in miles and the tem- of the fuel meter disappear towards
perature reading is displayed in CLOCK
“E” (Empty) as the fuel level decreases.
°C. When the fuel level reaches the bottom
 For other countries, the distance segment near “E”, the bottom segment
traveled is displayed in kilometers OUT TEMP
will flash. Refuel as soon as possible.
1/2
and the temperature reading is °C
displayed in °C. Coolant temperature meter
TRIP 1
With the key in the “ON” position, the
Odometer and tripmeter modes coolant temperature meter indicates
1
Pushing the “SELECT” button switch- ZAUM1010
the temperature of the coolant. The
1. Fuel reserve tripmeter
es the display between the odometer coolant temperature varies with
mode “Odo” and the tripmeter modes To reset a tripmeter, select it by push- changes in the weather and engine
“Trip” in the following order: ing the “SELECT” button until “Trip” or load. If the top segment and coolant
Odo → Trip 1 → Trip 2 → Odo “Trip F” , push the “RESET” button for temperature “C” “H” indicator flash,
at least one second. If you do not reset stop the vehicle and let the engine
3-7
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


cool. (See page 6-37.) reset after the oil change for the next Self-diagnosis device
periodic oil change to be indicated at This model is equipped with a self-di-
CLOCK the correct time. (See page 6-13.) agnosis device for various electrical
The electrical circuit of the indicator circuits.
can be checked by turning the key to If a problem is detected in any of those
3
OUT TEMP “ON” circuits, the multi-function display will
1/2
°C The indicator comes on for a few sec- indicate an error code.
onds and then goes off. If the multi-function display indicates
TRIP 1 If the indicator does not come on, have an error code, note the code number,
ZAUM1011
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical and then have a Yamaha dealer check
circuit. the vehicle.
ECA10022
ECA11791
NOTICE TIP NOTICE
Do not continue to operate the en- The oil change indicator may flash
If the multi-function display indi-
gine if it is overheating. when the engine is revved with the
cates an error code, the vehicle
scooter on the centerstand, but this
should be checked as soon as pos-
Oil change indicator “OIL CHANGE” does not indicate a malfunction.
sible in order to avoid engine dam-
This indicator flashes at the initial 1000 age.
km (600 mi), then at 5000 km (3000 mi) V-belt replacement indicator “V-
and every 5000 km (3000 mi) thereafter BELT” The self-diagnosis device also detects
to indicate that the engine oil should be This indicator flashes every 20000 km problems in the immobilizer system
changed. (12500 mi) when the V-belt needs to be circuits.
After changing the engine oil, reset the replaced. If a problem is detected in the immobi-
oil change indicator. (See page 6-13.) The electrical circuit of the indicator lizer system circuits, the immobilizer
If the engine oil is changed before the can be checked by turning the key to system indicator light will flash and the
oil change indicator comes on (i.e. be- “ON” multi-function display will indicate an
fore the periodic oil change interval has If the indicator does not come on, have error code when the key is turned to
been reached), the indicator must be a Yamaha dealer check the electrical “ON”.
circuit.
3-8
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


2. If the engine starts, turn it off, and Ambient temperature display
TIP
try starting the engine with the
If the multi-function display indicates CLOCK
standard keys.
error code 52, this could be caused by
3. If one or both of the standard keys
transponder interference. If this error
do not start the engine, take the
appears, try the following.
vehicle, the code re-registering OUT TEMP
2 3
1/2
key and both standard keys to a 1 °C
CLOCK Yamaha dealer and have the stan-
dard keys re-registered. TRIP 2

ZAUM1056

OUT TEMP Clock mode 1. Ambient temperature display


1/2
°C 2. Icy road warning indicator “ ”
To set the clock:
ODO
1. Push the “SELECT” button and This display shows the ambient tem-
1 “RESET” button together for at perature from –9 °C to 50 °C in 1 °C in-
ZAUM1012

least two seconds. crements. The temperature displayed


1. Error code display
2. When the hour digits start flash- may vary from the ambient tempera-
1. Use the code re-registering key to ing, push the “RESET” button to ture.
start the engine. set the hours. The icy road warning indicator “ ” will
3. Push the “SELECT” button, and flash when the temperature is below 4
TIP
the minute digits will start flashing. °C.
Make sure there are no other immobi-
lizer keys close to the main switch, and 4. Push the “RESET” button to set TIP
do not keep more than one immobilizer the minutes.  If the ambient temperature falls
key on the same key ring! Immobilizer 5. Push the “SELECT” button and below –9 °C, a lower temperature
system keys may cause signal interfer- then release it to start the clock. than –9 °C will not be displayed.
ence, which may prevent the engine  If the ambient temperature climbs
from starting. above 50 °C, a higher temperature
than 50 °C will not be displayed.

3-9
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


 The accuracy of the temperature EAU12332 EAU1234F

reading may be affected when rid- Anti-theft alarm (optional) Handlebar switches
ing slowly (approximately under This model can be equipped with an
Left
20 km/h (12.5 mi/h)) or when optional anti-theft alarm by a Yamaha
stopped at traffic signals, railroad dealer. Contact a Yamaha dealer for
crossings, etc. more information.
3

1. Pass switch “ ”
2. Dimmer switch “ / ”
3. Turn signal switch “ / ”
4. Horn switch “ ”

Right

1. Hazard switch “ ”
2. Start switch “ ”

3-10
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU12351 EAU41701 EAU12902
Pass switch “ ” The engine trouble warning light will Front brake lever
Press this switch to flash the headlight. come on when the key is turned to
“ON” and the start switch is pushed,
EAU12401
but this does not indicate a malfunc-
Dimmer switch “ / ”
tion.
Set this switch to “ ” for the high 3
beam and to “ ” for the low beam. EAU12734
Hazard switch “ ”
EAU12461
With the key in the “ON” or “ ” posi-
Turn signal switch “ / ”
tion, use this switch to turn on the haz-
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
ard lights (simultaneous flashing of all
switch to “ ”. To signal a left-hand
turn signal lights). 1. Front brake lever
turn, push this switch to “ ”. When
The hazard lights are used in case of an
released, the switch returns to the cen- The front brake lever is located on the
emergency or to warn other drivers
ter position. To cancel the turn signal right side of the handlebar. To apply
when your vehicle is stopped where it
lights, push the switch in after it has re- the front brake, pull this lever toward
might be a traffic hazard.
turned to the center position. ECA10062
the throttle grip.
NOTICE
EAU12501
Horn switch “ ” Do not use the hazard lights for an
Press this switch to sound the horn. extended length of time with the en-
gine not running, otherwise the bat-
EAU12722
tery may discharge.
Start switch “ ”
With the sidestand up, push this switch
while applying the front or rear brake to
crank the engine with the starter. See
page 5-1 for starting instructions prior
to starting the engine.

3-11
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU12952 EAU54001

Rear brake lever ABS (for ABS models) TIP


The Yamaha ABS (Anti-lock Brake  The ABS performs a self-diagno-
System) features a dual electronic con- sis test each time the vehicle first
trol system, which acts on the front and starts off after the key is turned to
rear brakes independently. “ON” and the vehicle has traveled
3 Operate the brakes with ABS as you at a speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or
would conventional brakes. If the ABS higher. During this test, a “click-
is activated, a pulsating sensation may ing” noise can be heard from the
be felt at the brake levers. In this situa- front of the vehicle, and if either
tion, continue to apply the brakes and brake lever is even slightly ap-
let the ABS work; do not “pump” the plied, a vibration can be felt at the
1. Rear brake lever
brakes as this will reduce braking ef- lever, but these do not indicate a
The rear brake lever is located on the fectiveness. malfunction.
left side of the handlebar. To apply the EWA16051  This ABS has a test mode which
rear brake, pull this lever toward the WARNING allows the owner to experience
handlebar grip. Always keep a sufficient distance the pulsation at the brake levers
from the vehicle ahead to match the when the ABS is operating. How-
riding speed even with ABS. ever, special tools are required, so
 The ABS performs best with please consult your Yamaha deal-
long braking distances. er when performing this test.
 On certain surfaces, such as ECA16121

rough or gravel roads, the brak- NOTICE


ing distance may be longer with Keep any type of magnets (including
the ABS than without. magnetic pick-up tools, magnetic
The ABS is monitored by an ECU, screwdrivers, etc.) away from the
which will revert the system to conven- front and rear wheel hubs, otherwise
tional braking if a malfunction occurs. the magnetic rotors equipped in the

3-12
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


wheel hubs may be damaged, re- EAUM2991 EWA11092

sulting in improper performance of Fuel tank cap WARNING


the ABS system. Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
To open the fuel tank cap properly closed after filling fuel.
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard.
2. Close the lid, turn the key clock- 3
wise to the original position, and
then remove it.

1
1
2
ZAUM1014

1. Front wheel hub 1. Fuel tank cap


2. Fuel tank cap cover

1. Insert the key into the lock and


turn it counterclockwise. The lock
will be released and the lid can be
pulled open.
2. To remove the fuel tank cap, turn
1 it counterclockwise and then pull it
off.

1. Rear wheel hub To close the fuel tank cap


1. Place the fuel tank cap onto the
fuel tank opening and turn the fuel
tank cap clockwise.

3-13
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU13222
gasoline spills on your skin, wash
Fuel with soap and water. If gasoline
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in 1
spills on your clothing, change your
the tank. clothes.
EWA10882

WARNING
EAUM3110
3 Gasoline and gasoline vapors are
extremely flammable. To avoid fires
2 Recommended fuel:
and explosions and to reduce the
risk of injury when refueling, follow ZAUM1015 Premium unleaded gasoline (Gaso-
1. Fuel tank filler tube hol (E10) acceptable)
these instructions. Fuel tank capacity:
2. Maximum fuel level
1. Before refueling, turn off the en- 14.0 L (3.70 US gal, 3.08 Imp.gal)
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immedi- Fuel reserve amount (when the fuel
gine and be sure that no one is sit-
ting on the vehicle. Never refuel ately. NOTICE: Immediately level warning indicator flashes):
2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
while smoking, or while in the vi- wipe off spilled fuel with a clean,
cinity of sparks, open flames, or dry, soft cloth, since fuel may ECA11401

other sources of ignition such as deteriorate painted surfaces or NOTICE


the pilot lights of water heaters plastic parts. [ECA10072]
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
and clothes dryers. 4. Be sure to securely close the fuel
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
2. Do not overfill the fuel tank. When tank cap.
EWA15152
damage to internal engine parts,
refueling, be sure to insert the WARNING such as the valves and piston rings,
pump nozzle into the fuel tank filler as well as to the exhaust system.
hole. Stop filling when the fuel Gasoline is poisonous and can cau-
se injury or death. Handle gasoline Your Yamaha engine has been de-
reaches the bottom of the filler
with care. Never siphon gasoline by signed to use premium unleaded gas-
tube. Because fuel expands when
mouth. If you should swallow some oline with a research octane number of
it heats up, heat from the engine or
gasoline or inhale a lot of gasoline 95 or higher. If knocking (or pinging)
the sun can cause fuel to spill out
vapor, or get some gasoline in your occurs, use a gasoline of a different
of the fuel tank.
eyes, see your doctor immediately. If
3-14
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


brand. Use of unleaded fuel will extend EAU13446 ECA10702

spark plug life and reduce mainte- Catalytic converters NOTICE


nance costs. This vehicle is equipped with catalytic Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
Gasohol converters in the exhaust system. of leaded gasoline will cause unre-
EWA10863
There are two types of gasohol: gaso- pairable damage to the catalytic
WARNING
hol containing ethanol and that con- converter. 3
taining methanol. Gasohol containing The exhaust system is hot after op-
ethanol can be used if the ethanol con- eration. To prevent a fire hazard or
tent does not exceed 10% (E10). Gas- burns:
ohol containing methanol is not  Do not park the vehicle near
recommended by Yamaha because it possible fire hazards such as
can cause damage to the fuel system grass or other materials that
or vehicle performance problems. easily burn.
 Park the vehicle in a place
where pedestrians or children
are not likely to touch the hot
exhaust system.
 Make sure that the exhaust sys-
tem has cooled down before
doing any maintenance work.
 Do not allow the engine to idle
more than a few minutes. Long
idling can cause a build-up of
heat.

3-15
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU13933 EAUM3002

Seat Storage compartments

To open the seat Front storage compartment A


1. Place the scooter on the center- 2
stand.
3 2. Insert the key into the main switch,
and then turn it counterclockwise
to “OPEN”.
ZAUM1016 1
1. Seat open position

To close the seat 3


1. Fold the seat down, and then push ZAUM1017

1. Open.
it down to lock it in place.
2. Storage compartment opening lever
2. Remove the key from the main
3. Lid
switch if the scooter will be left un-
attended. To open the storage compartment
when it is locked, insert the key into the
1. Open. TIP
lock, turn it clockwise, and then pull on
Make sure that the seat is properly se-
the lever.
TIP cured before riding.
To open the storage compartment
Do not push inward when turning the when it is unlocked, simply pull on the
key. lever.
3. Fold the seat up. To lock the storage compartment,
push the lid into the original position,
insert the key into the lock, turn it coun-
terclockwise, and then remove it.

3-16
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


Front storage compartment B  Since the storage compartment
To open the storage compartment, pull may get wet while the scooter is
on the lever. being washed, wrap any articles
stored in the compartment in a
2 plastic bag.
 Do not keep anything valuable 3
or breakable in the storage
compartment.
1 EWA16121

1. Rear storage compartment WARNING


3 ECA10082 Do not exceed the following loading
ZAUM1018
NOTICE limits:
1. Open.
Keep the following points in mind  Front storage compartment A: 1
2. Storage compartment opening lever kg (2.2 lb)
3. Lid when using the storage compart-
ment.  Front storage compartment B: 1
To close the storage compartment,  Since the storage compartment kg (2.2 lb)
push the lid into the original position. accumulates heat when ex-  Rear storage compartment: 5
WARNING! Do not store heavy items posed to the sun and/or the en- kg (11 lb)
in this compartment. [EWA11162] gine heat, do not store anything  Maximum load for the vehicle:
susceptible to heat, consum- YP400R 185 kg (408 lb)
Rear storage compartment ables or flammable items inside YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb)
Two helmets can be stored in the stor- it.
age compartment under the seat. (See  To avoid humidity from spread-
page 3-16.) ing through the storage com-
partment, wrap wet articles in a
plastic bag before storing them
in the compartment.

3-17
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU14893
 Align the appropriate notch in the EAU15306

Adjusting the shock absorber adjusting ring with the position in- Sidestand
assemblies dicator on the shock absorber.
 Use the spring preload adjusting
EWA10211
1
WARNING tool included in the owner’s tool
Always adjust both shock absorber kit to make this adjustment.
3
assemblies equally, otherwise poor
handling and loss of stability may re-
3
4
3
sult. 1
2

Each shock absorber assembly is


equipped with a spring preload adjust- 1 ZAUM0648

1. Sidestand switch
ing ring. 2
ECA10102
The sidestand is located on the left
NOTICE side of the frame. Raise the sidestand
To avoid damaging the mechanism, ZAUM1019 or lower it with your foot while holding
do not attempt to turn beyond the 1. Position indicator the vehicle upright.
maximum or minimum settings. 2. Spring preload adjusting ring
3. Spring preload adjusting tool TIP
Adjust the spring preload as follows. The built-in sidestand switch is part of
To increase the spring preload and Spring preload setting: the ignition circuit cut-off system,
thereby harden the suspension, turn Minimum (soft): which cuts the ignition in certain situa-
the adjusting ring on each shock ab- 1 tions. (See the following section for an
sorber assembly in direction (a). To de- Standard:
2 explanation of the ignition circuit cut-
crease the spring preload and thereby Maximum (hard): off system.)
soften the suspension, turn the adjust- 4
ing ring on each shock absorber as-
sembly in direction (b).

3-18
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EWA10242 EAU45053

WARNING Ignition circuit cut-off system


The vehicle must not be ridden with The ignition circuit cut-off system
the sidestand down, or if the side- (comprising the sidestand switch and
stand cannot be properly moved up brake light switches) has the following
(or does not stay up), otherwise the functions.
 It prevents starting when the side- 3
sidestand could contact the ground
and distract the operator, resulting stand is up, but neither brake is
in a possible loss of control. applied.
Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off  It prevents starting when either
system has been designed to assist brake is applied, but the sidestand
the operator in fulfilling the respon- is still down.
sibility of raising the sidestand be-  It cuts the running engine when
fore starting off. Therefore, check the sidestand is moved down.
this system regularly and have a Periodically check the operation of the
Yamaha dealer repair it if it does not ignition circuit cut-off system accord-
function properly. ing to the following procedure.

3-19
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS

With the engine turned off: WARNING


1. Move the sidestand down. • The vehicle must be placed on the center-
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on. stand during this inspection.
3. Turn the key on. • If a malfunction is noted, have a Yamaha
4. Keep the front or rear brake applied.
3 dealer check the system before riding.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?

NO YES

With the engine still off:


The sidestand switch may not be working correctly.
6. Move the sidestand up.
The scooter should not be ridden until
7. Keep the front or rear brake applied.
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
8. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?

YES NO The brake switch may not be working correctly.


The scooter should not be ridden until
With the engine still running: checked by a Yamaha dealer.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?

YES NO The sidestand switch may not be working correctly.


The scooter should not be ridden until
The system is OK. The scooter can be ridden. checked by a Yamaha dealer.

3-20
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FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS


EAU15598

Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
EWA11152

WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage.
Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in
this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer. 4
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
ITEM CHECKS PAGE

• Check fuel level in fuel tank.


Fuel • Refuel if necessary. 3-14
• Check fuel line for leakage.
• Check oil level in engine.
Engine oil • If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level. 6-13
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
Final transmission oil • Check vehicle for oil leakage. 6-15
• Check coolant level in reservoir.
Coolant • If necessary, add recommended coolant to specified level. 6-16
• Check cooling system for leakage.
• Check operation.
• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
• Check brake pads for wear.
Front brake • Replace if necessary. 6-23, 6-24, 6-24
• Check fluid level in reservoir.
• If necessary, add specified brake fluid to specified level.
• Check hydraulic system for leakage.

4-1
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FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS


ITEM CHECKS PAGE

• Check operation.
• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
• Check brake pads for wear.
Rear brake • Replace if necessary. 6-23, 6-24, 6-24
• Check fluid level in reservoir.
• If necessary, add specified brake fluid to specified level.
• Check hydraulic system for leakage.
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
4 • Check throttle grip free play.
Throttle grip 6-20, 6-26
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust throttle grip free play and lubricate ca-
ble and grip housing.
• Check for damage.
• Check tire condition and tread depth.
Wheels and tires 6-21, 6-22
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
Brake levers 6-27
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
Centerstand, sidestand 6-27
• Lubricate pivots if necessary.
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
Chassis fasteners —
• Tighten if necessary.
Instruments, lights, signals • Check operation.

and switches • Correct if necessary.
• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
Sidestand switch 3-18
• If system is not working correctly, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.

4-2
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


EAU15952 EAU48021 EAUS1893

Starting the engine


Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to ECA10251
TIP NOTICE
become familiar with all controls. If
This model is equipped with a lean an-
there is a control or function you do not See page 5-4 for engine break-in in-
gle sensor to stop the engine in case of
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer. structions prior to operating the ve-
EWA10272 a turnover. In this case, the multi-func-
hicle for the first time.
WARNING tion display indicates error code 30,
but this is not a malfunction. Turn the In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
Failure to familiarize yourself with
key to “OFF” and then to “ON” to clear system to enable starting, the side-
the controls can lead to loss of con-
the error code. Failing to do so will pre- stand must be up.
trol, which could cause an accident 5
vent the engine from starting even See page 3-19 for more information.
or injury.
though the engine will crank when 1. Turn the key to “ON”.
pushing the start switch. The following warning light, indi-
cator light and indicators should
come on for a few seconds, then
go off.
 Engine trouble warning light
 ABS warning light (for ABS
models)
 Immobilizer system indicator
light
 V-belt replacement indicator
 Oil change indicator

5-1
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


ECA15025
battery. Do not crank the engine EAU45093

NOTICE more than 10 seconds on any one Starting off


If a warning light, indicator light or attempt. 1. While pulling the rear brake lever
indicator does not go off, see pages ECA11043 with your left hand and holding the
3-3, 3-6, 3-8, 3-8 or 3-8 for the corre- NOTICE grab bar with your right hand,
sponding warning light, indicator For maximum engine life, never ac- push the scooter off the center-
light or indicator circuit check. celerate hard when the engine is stand.
cold!
2. Close the throttle completely.
3. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch while applying the
5
front or rear brake.

1. Grab bar

2. Sit astride the seat, and then ad-


just the rear view mirrors.
3. Switch the turn signals on.
1. Rear brake lever 4. Check for oncoming traffic, and
2. Front brake lever then slowly turn the throttle grip
3. Start switch (on the right) in order to take off.
5. Switch the turn signals off.
If the engine does not start, re-
lease the start switch, wait a few
seconds, and then try again. Each
starting attempt should be as
short as possible to preserve the
5-2
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


EAU16782 EAU16794
Front
Acceleration and deceleration Braking
EWA10301

WARNING
 Avoid braking hard or suddenly
(especially when leaning over to
one side), otherwise the scooter
(b) may skid or overturn.
 Railroad crossings, streetcar
rails, iron plates on road con-
(a) struction sites, and manhole 5
covers become extremely slip- Rear
The speed can be adjusted by opening pery when wet. Therefore, slow
and closing the throttle. To increase down when approaching such
the speed, turn the throttle grip in di- areas and cross them with cau-
rection (a). To reduce the speed, turn tion.
the throttle grip in direction (b).  Keep in mind that braking on a
wet road is much more difficult.
 Ride slowly down a hill, as brak-
ing downhill can be very diffi-
cult.
1. Close the throttle completely.
2. Apply both front and rear brakes
simultaneously while gradually in-
creasing the pressure.

5-3
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


EAU16821 EAU16842
1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond
Tips for reducing fuel con- Engine break-in The vehicle can now be operated nor-
sumption There is never a more important period mally.
Fuel consumption depends largely on in the life of your engine than the period ECA10311

your riding style. Consider the follow- between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For NOTICE
ing tips to reduce fuel consumption: this reason, you should read the fol-  Keep the engine speed out of
 Avoid high engine speeds during lowing material carefully. the tachometer red zone.
acceleration. Since the engine is brand new, do not  If any engine trouble should oc-
 Avoid high engine speeds with no put an excessive load on it for the first cur during the engine break-in
load on the engine. 1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in period, immediately have a
5  Turn the engine off instead of let- the engine wear and polish themselves Yamaha dealer check the vehi-
ting it idle for an extended length to the correct operating clearances. cle.
of time (e.g., in traffic jams, at traf- During this period, prolonged full-throt-
fic lights or at railroad crossings). tle operation or any condition that
might result in engine overheating
must be avoided.

EAU34322

0–1000 km (0–600 mi)


Avoid prolonged operation above 4000
r/min. NOTICE: After 1000 km (600
mi) of operation, be sure to replace
the engine oil, final transmission oil
and the oil filter element. [ECA12932]
1000–1600 km (600–1000 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 6000
r/min.

5-4
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


EAU17214

Parking
When parking, stop the engine, and
then remove the key from the main
switch.
EWA10312

WARNING
 Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestri-
ans or children are not likely to 5
touch them and be burned.
 Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn, increasing the
risk of a fuel leak and fire.
 Do not park near grass or other
flammable materials which
might catch fire.

5-5
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAUS1824 EWA15123 EWA15461

WARNING WARNING
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and Turn off the engine when performing Brake discs, calipers, drums, and
lubrication will keep your vehicle in the maintenance unless otherwise linings can become very hot during
safest and most efficient condition specified. use. To avoid possible burns, let
possible. Safety is an obligation of the  A running engine has moving brake components cool before
vehicle owner/operator. The most im- parts that can catch on body touching them.
portant points of vehicle inspection, parts or clothing and electrical
adjustment, and lubrication are ex- parts that can cause shocks or
plained on the following pages. fires.
The intervals given in the periodic  Running the engine while ser-
maintenance charts should be simply vicing can lead to eye injury,
considered as a general guide under burns, fire, or carbon monoxide
6 normal riding conditions. However, de- poisoning – possibly leading to
pending on the weather, terrain, geo- death. See page 1-3 for more in-
graphical location, and individual use, formation about carbon monox-
the maintenance intervals may need to ide.
be shortened.
EWA10322 EWA10331

WARNING WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the vehi- This scooter is designed for use on
cle or performing maintenance ac- paved roads only. If this scooter is
tivities incorrectly may increase operated in abnormally dusty, mud-
your risk of injury or death during dy or wet conditions, the air filter el-
service or while using the vehicle. If ement should be cleaned or
you are not familiar with vehicle ser- replaced more frequently, otherwise
vice, have a Yamaha dealer perform rapid engine wear may result. Con-
service. sult a Yamaha dealer for proper
maintenance intervals.

6-1
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU17303 EAU17382

Owner’s tool kit


Emission controls not only function to
ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to
proper engine operation and maximum
performance. In the following periodic
maintenance charts, the services relat-
ed to emissions control are grouped
separately. These services require
specialized data, knowledge, and
equipment. Maintenance, replace- ZAUM1020

ment, or repair of the emission control 1. Owner’s tool kit


devices and systems may be per-
formed by any repair establishment or The owner’s tool kit is located under 6
individual that is certified (if applicable). the seat. (See page 3-16.)
Yamaha dealers are trained and The service information included in this
equipped to perform these particular manual and the tools provided in the
services. owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. How-
ever, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
TIP
If you do not have the tools or experi-
ence required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.

6-2
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU46862

TIP
 The annual checks must be performed every year, except if a kilometer-based maintenance, or for the UK, a
mileage-based maintenance, is performed instead.
 From 50000 km (30000 mi), repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 10000 km (6000 mi).
 Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and tech-
nical skills.

EAU46911

Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system


ODOMETER READING
ANNUAL
6 NO. ITEM CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB 1000 km 10000 km 20000 km 30000 km 40000 km CHECK
(600 mi) (6000 mi) (12000 mi) (18000 mi) (24000 mi)

• Check fuel hoses for cracks or


1 * Fuel line √ √ √ √ √
damage.
• Check condition.
√ √
2 Spark plug • Clean and regap.
• Replace. √ √
• Check valve clearance.
3 * Valves Every 40000 km (24000 mi)
• Adjust.
4 * Fuel injection • Check engine idle speed. √ √ √ √ √ √
Muffler and ex- • Check the screw clamp(s) for
5 * √ √ √ √ √
haust pipe looseness.
• Check the air cut-off valve, reed
Air induction sys- valve, and hose for damage.
6 * √ √ √ √ √
tem • Replace any damaged parts if
necessary.

6-3
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU1770H

General maintenance and lubrication chart


ODOMETER READING
ANNUAL
NO. ITEM CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB 1000 km 10000 km 20000 km 30000 km 40000 km CHECK
(600 mi) (6000 mi) (12000 mi) (18000 mi) (24000 mi)

1 Air filter elements • Replace. √ √


2 Air filter check hose • Clean. √ √ √ √ √
V-belt case air filter
3 • Clean. √ √ √ √ √
element
• Check operation, fluid level and
√ √ √ √ √ √
4 * Front brake vehicle for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads. Whenever worn to the limit
• Check operation, fluid level and 6
√ √ √ √ √ √
5 * Rear brake vehicle for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads. Whenever worn to the limit
• Check for cracks or damage.
• Check for correct routing and √ √ √ √ √
6 * Brake hoses clamping.
• Replace. Every 4 years
7 * Brake fluid • Replace. Every 2 years
8 * Wheels • Check runout and for damage. √ √ √ √
• Check tread depth and for dam-
age.
9 * Tires • Replace if necessary. √ √ √ √ √
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
• Check bearing for looseness or
10 * Wheel bearings √ √ √ √
damage.

6-4
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


ODOMETER READING
ANNUAL
NO. ITEM CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB 1000 km 10000 km 20000 km 30000 km 40000 km CHECK
(600 mi) (6000 mi) (12000 mi) (18000 mi) (24000 mi)

• Check bearing play and steering


√ √ √ √ √
for roughness.
11 * Steering bearings
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-
Every 20000 km (12000 mi)
based grease.
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and
12 * Chassis fasteners √ √ √ √ √
screws are properly tightened.
Front brake lever
13 • Lubricate with silicone grease. √ √ √ √ √
pivot shaft
Rear brake lever
14 • Lubricate with silicone grease. √ √ √ √ √
pivot shaft
6
• Check operation.
Sidestand, center-
15 • Lubricate with lithium-soap- √ √ √ √ √
stand
based grease.
16 * Sidestand switch • Check operation. √ √ √ √ √ √
• Check operation and for oil leak-
17 * Front fork √ √ √ √
age.
Shock absorber as- • Check operation and shock ab-
18 * √ √ √ √
semblies sorbers for oil leakage.
• Change. (See pages 3-6 and
√ When the oil change indicator flashes
6-13.)
19 Engine oil
• Check oil level and vehicle for oil
Every 5000 km (3000 mi) √
leakage.
Engine oil filter ele-
20 • Replace. √ √ √
ment

6-5
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


ODOMETER READING
ANNUAL
NO. ITEM CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB 1000 km 10000 km 20000 km 30000 km 40000 km CHECK
(600 mi) (6000 mi) (12000 mi) (18000 mi) (24000 mi)

• Check coolant level and vehicle


√ √ √ √ √
21 * Cooling system for coolant leakage.
• Change coolant. Every 3 years

Final transmission • Check vehicle for oil leakage. √ √ √


22
oil • Change. √ √ √ √ √ √
23 * V-belt • Replace. When the V-belt replacement indicator flashes [every 20000 km (12500 mi)]
Front and rear
24 * • Check operation. √ √ √ √ √ √
brake switches
Moving parts and 6
25 • Lubricate. √ √ √ √ √
cables
• Check operation.
• Check throttle grip free play, and
26 * Throttle grip √ √ √ √ √
adjust if necessary.
• Lubricate cable and grip housing.
Lights, signals and • Check operation.
27 * √ √ √ √ √ √
switches • Adjust headlight beam.

EAU34492

TIP
 Engine air filters and V-belt air filter
• This model’s engine air filters are equipped with disposable oil-coated paper elements, which must not be cleaned
with compressed air to avoid damaging them.
• The engine air filter elements need to be replaced and the V-belt air filter element needs to be serviced more fre-
quently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.

6-6
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


 Hydraulic brake service
• Regularly check and, if necessary, correct the brake fluid level.
• Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinders and calipers, and change the brake
fluid.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years and if cracked or damaged.

6-7
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU18772 EAUM3101

Removing and installing pan-


els
The panels shown need to be removed Panel A
to perform some of the maintenance
jobs described in this chapter. Refer to To remove the panel
2 Remove the screws, and then pull the
this section each time a panel needs to
be removed and installed. 1 panel outward.

ZAUM1022
1
1. Panel B
2. Panel C

6
1
1
ZAUM1024
2
1. Panel A
1. Panel A
2. Screw

ZAUM1021
To install the panel
1. Panel D Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the screws.

6-8
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT

1 1

2 2
1 ZAUM1046 ZAUM1047

1. Screw 1. Panel B 1. Panel C


2. Screw 2. Screw
Panel B
6 To install the panel To install the panel
To remove the panel Place the panel in the original position, Place the panel in the original position,
1. Open the front storage compart- and then install the screw. and then install the screw.
ment A. (See page 3-16.)
2. Remove the screw, and then pull Panel C Panel D
the panel off.
To remove the panel To remove the panel
1. Open the front storage compart- 1. Remove the quick fastener, and
ment B. (See page 3-16.) then pull the under cowling off as
2. Remove the screw, and then pull shown.
the panel off.
TIP
The quick fastener is removed by
pushing the center pin in with a screw-
driver, and then pulling the fastener
out.

6-9
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


4. Remove the battery bracket and
TIP
panel assembly by pulling it off as
To install the quick fastener, push the
shown.
center pin out so that it will protrude
3 1 from the fastener head, insert the fas-
tener into the under cowling, and then
1 push the protruding pin in until it is
2 flush with the fastener head.
2
ZAUM1042 3
1. Cowling
2. Quick fastener

2. Remove the cowling screws, and ZAUM1045

then pull it off.


1. Panel D 6
2. Bracket
1 3. Bolt

To install the panel


1. Place the battery bracket and
panel assembly in the original po-
2
sition, and then install the bolts.
2. Place the cowling in the original
1 position, and then install the
ZAUM1043 screws.
1. Screw 3. Place the under cowling in the
2. Cowling original position, and then install
3. Remove the battery bracket bolts, the quick fastener.
and then pull it off.

6-10
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAUM3021
4. Remove the spark plug cap. To check the spark plug
Checking the spark plug 1. Check that the porcelain insulator
The spark plug is an important engine around the center electrode of the
component, which is easy to check. spark plug is a medium-to-light
Since heat and deposits will cause any tan (the ideal color when the vehi-
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark cle is ridden normally).
plug should be removed and checked 1
in accordance with the periodic main- TIP
tenance and lubrication chart. In addi- If the spark plug shows a distinctly dif-
tion, the condition of the spark plug ferent color, the engine could be oper-
can reveal the condition of the engine. ZAUM1025
ating improperly. Do not attempt to
1. Spark plug cap diagnose such problems yourself. In-
To remove the spark plug 5. Remove the spark plug as shown, stead, have a Yamaha dealer check
6 1. Place the vehicle on the center- the vehicle.
with the spark plug wrench includ-
stand ed in the owner’s tool kit. 2. Check the spark plug for electrode
2. Open the seat. (See page 3-16.) erosion and excessive carbon or
3. Remove the rear storage com- other deposits, and replace it if
partment by removing the bolts. necessary.
2 Specified spark plug:
1
NGK/CR7E
1
3. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if nec-
ZAUM1026
essary, adjust the gap to specifi-
1. Spark plug wrench cation.
ZAUM1040

1. Storage compartment
2. Bolt
6-11
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


5. Close the seat.
TIP
If a torque wrench is not available
when installing a spark plug, a good
estimate of the correct torque is 1/4–
1/2 turn past finger tight. However, the
spark plug should be tightened to the
1
specified torque as soon as possible.
3. Install the spark plug cap.
1. Spark plug gap TIP
Make sure the spark plug wire is fas-
Spark plug gap: tened in the clamp as shown.
0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in) 6

To install the spark plug


1
1. Clean the surface of the spark
plug gasket and its mating surfa-
ce, and then wipe off any grime
from the spark plug threads.
2. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then tight-
en it to the specified torque. ZAUM1027 3 2
1. Spark plug cap
Tightening torque: 2. Spark plug lead clamp
Spark plug: 3. Spark plug lead
12.5 Nm (1.25 m·kgf, 9.04 ft·lbf)
4. Place the rear storage compart-
ment in the original position and
install the bolts.
6-12
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAUM3031
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
Engine oil and oil filter ele- 1 several minutes, and then turn it
ment off.
The engine oil level should be checked 3. Place an oil pan under the engine
before each ride. In addition, the oil to collect the used oil.
must be changed and the oil filter ele- 2 4. Remove the engine oil filler cap,
ment replaced at the intervals specified the engine oil drain bolt and its
in the periodic maintenance and lubri- 3 gasket to drain the oil from the
cation chart and when the oil change 4 crankcase.
indicator comes on.
ZAUM1028

1. Engine oil filler cap


2. Dipstick
To check the engine oil level 3. Maximum level mark
1. Place the vehicle on the center- 4. Tip of the engine oil dipstick
6
stand. A slight tilt to the side can
result in a false reading. 4. If the engine oil is not between the
2. Start the engine, warm it up for tip of the dipstick and the maxi- 2
1
several minutes, and then turn it mum level mark, add sufficient oil
off. of the recommended type to raise
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil set- it to the correct level.
5. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler 1. Engine oil drain bolt
tles, remove the oil filler cap, wipe 2. Gasket
the dipstick clean, insert it back hole, and then tighten the oil filler
into the oil filler hole (without cap.
TIP
screwing it in), and then remove it
To change the engine oil (with or Skip steps 5–7 if the oil filter element is
again to check the oil level.
without oil filter element replace- not being replaced.
TIP ment) 5. Remove the oil filter element cover
The engine oil should be between the 1. Place the vehicle on the center- by removing the bolts. NOTICE:
tip of the dipstick and the maximum stand. When removing the oil filter ele-
level mark. ment cover, the compression
6-13
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


spring will fall out. Take care not Tightening torque:
to lose the compression spring. 1 2
Engine oil drain bolt:
[ECA12912]
3 4 20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)

1 9. Refill with the specified amount of


the recommended engine oil, and
then install and tighten the oil filler
cap.

Recommended engine oil:


1. Oil filter element cover See page 8-1.
2. O-ring Oil quantity:
2
3. Compression spring Without oil filter element replace-
1. Bolt 4. Oil filter element ment: 6
2. Oil filter element cover
1.50 L (1.59 US qt, 1.32 Imp.qt)
7. Install the compression spring and With oil filter element replacement:
6. Remove and replace the oil filter oil filter element cover by installing 1.70 L (1.80 US qt, 1.50 Imp.qt)
element and O-rings. the bolts, then tightening them to
the specified torque. TIP
Be sure to wipe off spilled oil on any
Tightening torque:
parts after the engine and exhaust sys-
Oil filter element cover bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7.2 ft·lbf) tem have cooled down.
ECA11671

TIP NOTICE
Make sure that the O-rings are properly  Do not use oils with a diesel
seated. specification of “CD” or oils of a
higher quality than specified. In
8. Install the engine oil drain bolt and
its new gasket, and then tighten
the bolt to the specified torque.
6-14
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


addition, do not use oils labeled 3. Release the “OIL CHANGE” but- EAU20067

“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or ton, and the oil change indicator Final transmission oil
higher. will go off. The final transmission case must be
 Be sure no foreign material en- checked for oil leakage before each
TIP ride. If any leakage is found, have a
ters the crankcase.
If the engine oil is changed before the Yamaha dealer check and repair the
10. Start the engine, and then let it idle oil change indicator comes on (i.e. be- scooter. In addition, the final transmis-
for several minutes while checking fore the periodic oil change interval has sion oil must be changed as follows at
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, been reached), the indicator must be the intervals specified in the periodic
immediately turn the engine off reset after the oil change for the next maintenance and lubrication chart.
and check for the cause. periodic oil change to be indicated at 1. Start the engine, warm up the final
11. Reset the oil change indicator ac- the correct time. To reset the oil chan- transmission oil by riding the
cording to the following proce- ge indicator before the periodic oil scooter for several minutes, and
6 dure. change interval has been reached, fol- then stop the engine.
low the above procedure, but note that 2. Place the scooter on the center-
To reset the oil change indicator the indicator will come on for 1.4 sec- stand.
1. Turn the key to “ON”. onds after releasing the “OIL CHAN- 3. Place an oil pan under the final
2. Hold the “OIL CHANGE” button GE” button, otherwise repeat the transmission case to collect the
pushed for 15 to 20 seconds. procedure. used oil.
4. Remove the final transmission oil
filler cap and its O-ring from the fi-
nal transmission case.

OI
L
CH
AN
GE
1
ZAUM1051

1. “OIL CHANGE” button

6-15
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


that no foreign material enters EAU20071

1 the final transmission case. Coolant


Make sure that no oil gets on The coolant level should be checked
2 before each ride. In addition, the cool-
4 the tire or wheel. [EWA11312]
ant must be changed at the intervals
Recommended final transmission specified in the periodic maintenance
oil: and lubrication chart.
3 See page 8-1.
Oil quantity: EAUM3043
0.25 L (0.26 US qt, 0.22 Imp.qt) To check the coolant level
1. Final transmission oil filler cap 1. Place the vehicle on a level surfa-
2. O-ring 8. Install the final transmission oil fill- ce and hold it in an upright posi-
3. Final transmission oil drain bolt er cap and its new O-ring, and tion.
4. Gasket then tighten the oil filler cap. 2. Open the front storage compart- 6
9. Check the final transmission case ment A. (See page 3-16.)
5. Remove the final transmission oil
for oil leakage. If oil is leaking,
drain bolt and its gasket to drain TIP
check for the cause.
the oil from the final transmission  The coolant level must be
case. checked on a cold engine since
6. Install the final transmission oil the level varies with engine tem-
drain bolt and its new gasket, and perature.
then tighten the bolt to the speci-  Make sure that the vehicle is posi-
fied torque. tioned straight up when checking
the coolant level. A slight tilt to the
Tightening torque: side can result in a false reading.
Final transmission oil drain bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf) 3. Check the coolant level through
the check window.
7. Refill with the specified amount of
the recommended final transmis-
sion oil. WARNING! Make sure
6-16
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


since it is harmful to the engine. 7. Close the front storage compart-
TIP
If water has been used instead ment.
The coolant should be between the mi-
of coolant, replace it with cool-
nimum and maximum level marks.
ant as soon as possible, other- EAU33032
Changing the coolant
wise the cooling system will not
The coolant must be changed at the in-
be protected against frost and
tervals specified in the periodic main-
corrosion. If water has been
tenance and lubrication chart. Have a
added to the coolant, have a
1 Yamaha dealer change the coolant.
Hig

2 Yamaha dealer check the anti-


h
Co
ola WARNING! Never attempt to remove
nt
Le
ve
freeze content of the coolant as
l Low the radiator cap when the engine is
soon as possible, otherwise the
hot. [EWA10382]
effectiveness of the coolant will
6 ZAUM1029
be reduced. [ECA10473]
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark

4. If the coolant is at or below the mi- 1


nimum level mark, remove panel
B. (See page 6-8.)
5. Open the reservoir cap, and then
add coolant to the maximum level
mark. WARNING! Remove only
the coolant reservoir cap. Never ZAUM1030

1. Coolant reservoir cap


attempt to remove the radiator
cap when the engine is hot.
Coolant reservoir capacity:
[EWA15162] NOTICE: If coolant is not
0.31 L (0.33 US qt, 0.27 Imp.qt)
available, use distilled water or
soft tap water instead. Do not 6. Close the reservoir cap, and then
use hard water or salt water install the panel.
6-17
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAUM3051
Left Left
Air filter elements and check
1
hoses and V-belt case air filter
element
The air filter elements and the V-belt
2 1
case air filter element should be ser- 1
viced at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication 3
chart. Service all air filter elements 1
more frequently if you are riding in un- 3
usually wet or dusty areas. 1. Screw 1. Air filter element
2. Air filter case cover
3. Rubber cap Right
Replacing the air filter elements 6
1. Place the scooter on the center- Right
stand.
1 1
TIP
Continue as follows for each air filter el- 2
ement.
2. Remove the air filter case cover by 3
removing the rubber caps and
screws.
1 1. Air filter element

1. Screw 4. Insert a new air filter element into


2. Air filter case cover the air filter case.
3. Rubber cap 5. Install the air filter case cover by
installing the screws. NOTICE:
3. Pull the air filter element out. Make sure that each filter ele-
ment is properly seated in its
6-18
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


case. Always replace both air fil- Right
1
ter elements at the same time,
otherwise poor engine perfor-
mance or damage to the engine 2
may result. The engine should
never be operated without the
filter elements installed, other-
wise the piston(s) and/or cylin-
der(s) may become excessively 1
worn. [ECA12924] 1 ZAUM1031

1. Screw
6. Install the rubber caps. 1. Air filter check hose 2. V-belt air filter case cover
2. If dirt or water is visible, remove 4. Remove the V-belt case air filter
6 To clean the air filter check hoses
the hose, clean it, and then install element by removing the screws.
1. Check the hose at the bottom of
it.
both air filter cases for accumulat-
ed dirt or water. 1
Cleaning the V-belt case air filter el-
Left ement
1. Remove panel A. (See page 6-8.)
2. Remove the left air filter case cov- 1
er.
3. Remove the V-belt air filter case
cover by removing the screws. 2
1. Screw
2. V-belt case air filter element
1
1. Air filter check hose

6-19
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


5. Lightly tap the V-belt case air filter EAU21385 EAU21402

element to remove most of the Checking the throttle grip free Valve clearance
dust and dirt, and then blow out play The valve clearance changes with use,
the dirt with compressed air as resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
shown. and/or engine noise. To prevent this
from occurring, the valve clearance
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.

1. Throttle grip free play 6


The throttle grip free play should mea-
6. Check the V-belt case air filter ele- sure 3.0–5.0 mm (0.12–0.20 in) at the
ment for damage and replace it if inner edge of the throttle grip. Periodi-
necessary. cally check the throttle grip free play
7. Install the V-belt case air filter ele- and, if necessary, have a Yamaha deal-
ment by installing the screws. er adjust it.
NOTICE: Make sure that the V-
belt filter element is properly
seated in its case. [ECA12942]
8. Install the V-belt air filter case cov-
er by installing the screws.
9. Install the left air filter case cover.
10. Install the panel.

6-20
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU21877
weight of rider, passenger, car- Tire inspection
Tires go, and accessories approved
Tires are the only contact between the for this model.
vehicle and the road. Safety in all con- 2
ditions of riding depends on a relatively Tire air pressure (measured on cold
small area of road contact. Therefore, it tires):
is essential to maintain the tires in good 0–90 kg (0–198 lb):
condition at all times and replace them Front: 1
at the appropriate time with the speci- 220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi)
Rear:
fied tires. 250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
YP400R 90–185 kg (198–408 lb)
1. Tire sidewall
Tire air pressure YP400RA 90–181 kg (198–399 lb):
Front: 2. Tire tread depth
The tire air pressure should be
6 checked and, if necessary, adjusted 220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi)
The tires must be checked before each
Rear:
before each ride. 250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi) ride. If the center tread depth reaches
EWA10504
Maximum load*: the specified limit, if the tire has a nail
WARNING YP400R 185 kg (408 lb) or glass fragments in it, or if the side-
Operation of this vehicle with im- YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb) wall is cracked, have a Yamaha dealer
proper tire pressure may cause se- * Total weight of rider, passenger, car-
replace the tire immediately.
go and accessories
vere injury or death from loss of
control. EWA10512 Minimum tire tread depth (front and
 The tire air pressure must be WARNING rear):
1.6 mm (0.06 in)
checked and adjusted on cold Never overload your vehicle. Opera-
tires (i.e., when the temperature tion of an overloaded vehicle could
of the tires equals the ambient TIP
cause an accident.
temperature). The tire tread depth limits may differ
 The tire air pressure must be from country to country. Always com-
adjusted in accordance with the ply with the local regulations.
riding speed and with the total
6-21
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


Tire information EWA10472 EAU21995

This model is equipped with tubeless WARNING Cast wheels


tires.  Have a Yamaha dealer replace To maximize the performance, durabil-
Tires age, even if they have not been excessively worn tires. Besides ity, and safe operation of your vehicle,
used or have only been used occasion- being illegal, operating the vehi- note the following points regarding the
ally. Cracking of the tread and sidewall cle with excessively worn tires specified wheels.
rubber, sometimes accompanied by decreases riding stability and  The wheel rims should be
carcass deformation, is an evidence of can lead to loss of control. checked for cracks, bends, warp-
ageing. Old and aged tires shall be  The replacement of all wheel age or other damage before each
checked by tire specialists to ascertain and brake-related parts, includ- ride. If any damage is found, have
their suitability for further use. ing the tires, should be left to a a Yamaha dealer replace the
After extensive tests, only the tires list- Yamaha dealer, who has the wheel. Do not attempt even the
ed below have been approved for this necessary professional knowl- smallest repair to the wheel. A de-
formed or cracked wheel must be 6
model by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. edge and experience to do so.
 Ride at moderate speeds after replaced.
Front tire: changing a tire since the tire  The wheel should be balanced
Size: surface must first be “broken whenever either the tire or wheel
120/70-15 M/C 56S has been changed or replaced. An
Manufacturer/model: in” for it to develop its optimal
characteristics. unbalanced wheel can result in
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28 poor performance, adverse han-
Rear tire: dling characteristics, and a short-
Size: ened tire life.
150/70-13 M/C 64S  After repairing or replacing the
Manufacturer/model: rear tire, tighten the valve stem nut
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28 and locknut to the specified
torques.

6-22
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU50861
There should be no free play at the
Checking the front and rear brake lever ends. If there is free play,
brake lever free play have a Yamaha dealer inspect the
Front brake system.
EWA14212

WARNING
1 A soft or spongy feeling in the brake
lever can indicate the presence of
2 air in the hydraulic system. If there is
1. Valve stem nut air in the hydraulic system, have a
2. Valve stem locknut Yamaha dealer bleed the system be-
fore operating the vehicle. Air in the
6 Tightening torques: ZAUM1049
hydraulic system will diminish the
Valve stem nut: 1. No brake lever free play braking performance, which may re-
2.0 Nm (0.20 m·kgf, 1.4 ft·lbf) sult in loss of control and an acci-
Valve stem locknut: Rear dent.
3.0 Nm (0.30 m·kgf, 2.2 ft·lbf)

ZAUM1050

1. No brake lever free play

6-23
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU22393
indicator grooves have almost disap- EAU40262

Checking the front and rear peared, have a Yamaha dealer replace Checking the brake fluid level
brake pads the brake pads as a set. Before riding, check that the brake fluid
The front and rear brake pads must be is above the minimum level mark.
checked for wear at the intervals spec- EAU34211 Check the brake fluid level with the top
ified in the periodic maintenance and Rear brake pads of the reservoir level. Replenish the
lubrication chart. Have a Yamaha dealer check each rear brake fluid if necessary.
brake pad for damage and measure
EAU22431 the lining thickness and if necessary, Front brake
Front brake pads replace them as a set.

1
6

ZAUM1057

1. Minimum level mark

1. Wear indicator groove

Each front brake pad is provided with


wear indicator grooves, which allow
you to check the brake pad wear with-
out having to disassemble the brake.
To check the brake pad wear, check
the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear

6-24
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


Rear brake  Use only the specified brake flu- fluid level goes down suddenly, have a
id; otherwise, the rubber seals Yamaha dealer check the cause before
may deteriorate, causing leak- further riding.
1 age.
 Refill with the same type of
brake fluid. Adding a brake fluid
other than DOT 4 may result in a
harmful chemical reaction.
 Be careful that water or dust
ZAUM1032 does not enter the brake fluid
1. Minimum level mark reservoir when refilling. Water
will significantly lower the boil-
Specified brake fluid: ing point of the fluid and may re-
6 DOT 4 sult in vapor lock, and dirt may
EWA16011
clog the ABS hydraulic unit
WARNING valves.
ECA17641
Improper maintenance can result in
loss of braking ability. Observe NOTICE
these precautions: Brake fluid may damage painted
 Insufficient brake fluid may al- surfaces or plastic parts. Always
low air to enter the brake sys- clean up spilled fluid immediately.
tem, reducing braking
As the brake pads wear, it is normal for
performance.
the brake fluid level to gradually go
 Clean the filler cap before re-
down. A low brake fluid level may indi-
moving. Use only DOT 4 brake
cate worn brake pads and/or brake
fluid from a sealed container.
system leakage; therefore, be sure to
check the brake pads for wear and the
brake system for leakage. If the brake
6-25
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU22733 EAU23098 EAU23115

Changing the brake fluid Checking and lubricating the Checking and lubricating the
Have a Yamaha dealer change the cables throttle grip and cable
brake fluid at the intervals specified in The operation of all control cables and The operation of the throttle grip
the periodic maintenance and lubrica- the condition of the cables should be should be checked before each ride. In
tion chart. In addition, have the oil seals checked before each ride, and the ca- addition, the cable should be lubricat-
of the master cylinders and calipers as bles and cable ends should be lubri- ed by a Yamaha dealer at the intervals
well as the brake hoses replaced at the cated if necessary. If a cable is specified in the periodic maintenance
intervals listed below or whenever they damaged or does not move smoothly, chart.
are damaged or leaking. have a Yamaha dealer check or re- The throttle cable is equipped with a
 Oil seals: Replace every two place it. WARNING! Damage to the rubber cover. Make sure that the cover
years. outer housing of cables may result is securely installed. Even though the
 Brake hoses: Replace every four in internal rusting and cause inter- cover is installed correctly, it does not
years. 6
ference with cable movement. Re- completely protect the cable from wa-
place damaged cables as soon as ter entry. Therefore, use care not to
possible to prevent unsafe condi- pour water directly onto the cover or
tions. [EWA10712] cable when washing the vehicle. If the
cable or cover becomes dirty, wipe
Recommended lubricant: clean with a moist cloth.
Yamaha cable lubricant or other
suitable cable lubricant

6-26
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU23173 EAU23215

Lubricating the front and rear Recommended lubricant: Checking and lubricating the
Silicone grease
brake levers centerstand and sidestand
Front brake lever

6 1. Sidestand

Rear brake lever

ZAUM1033

1. Centerstand
The pivoting points of the front and rear
brake levers must be lubricated at the
intervals specified in the periodic main-
tenance and lubrication chart.

6-27
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


The operation of the centerstand and EAU23273

sidestand should be checked before Checking the front fork


each ride, and the pivots and metal-to- The condition and operation of the
metal contact surfaces should be lubri- front fork must be checked as follows
cated if necessary. at the intervals specified in the periodic
EWA10742 maintenance and lubrication chart.
WARNING
If the centerstand or sidestand does To check the condition
not move up and down smoothly, Check the inner tubes for scratches,
have a Yamaha dealer check or re- damage and excessive oil leakage.
ECA10591
pair it. Otherwise, the centerstand or
To check the operation NOTICE
sidestand could contact the ground
and distract the operator, resulting 1. Place the vehicle on a level surfa- If any damage is found or the front
ce and hold it in an upright posi- fork does not operate smoothly, 6
in a possible loss of control.
tion. WARNING! To avoid injury, have a Yamaha dealer check or re-
Recommended lubricant: securely support the vehicle so pair it.
Lithium-soap-based grease there is no danger of it falling
over. [EWA10752]
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handle-
bars several times to check if the
front fork compresses and re-
bounds smoothly.

6-28
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU45512 EAU23292 EAU46344

Checking the steering Checking the wheel bearings Battery


Worn or loose steering bearings may
3
cause danger. Therefore, the operation 1
of the steering must be checked as fol-
lows at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place the vehicle on the center- 2
stand. WARNING! To avoid inju-
ry, securely support the vehicle ZAUM1035

so there is no danger of it falling 1. Positive battery lead (red)


over. [EWA10752] The front and rear wheel bearings must
2. Negative battery lead (black)
6 2. Hold the lower ends of the front be checked at the intervals specified in 3. Battery
fork legs and try to move them for- the periodic maintenance and lubrica-
ward and backward. If any free tion chart. If there is play in the wheel The battery is located behind panel D.
play can be felt, have a Yamaha hub or if the wheel does not turn (See page 6-8.)
dealer check or repair the steer- smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer This model is equipped with a VRLA
ing. check the wheel bearings. (Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery.
There is no need to check the electro-
lyte or to add distilled water. However,
the battery lead connections need to
be checked and, if necessary, securely
tightened.
EWA10761

WARNING
 Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sul-
furic acid, which causes severe

6-29
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


burns. Avoid any contact with battery tends to discharge more quick- key is turned to “OFF”, then
skin, eyes or clothing and al- ly if the vehicle is equipped with op- connect the positive lead before
ways shield your eyes when tional electrical accessories. connecting the negative lead.
working near batteries. In case ECA16522
[ECA16841]

of contact, administer the fol- NOTICE ECA16531

lowing FIRST AID. To charge a VRLA (Valve Regulated NOTICE


• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty Lead Acid) battery, a special (con- Always keep the battery charged.
of water. stant-voltage) battery charger is re- Storing a discharged battery can
• INTERNAL: Drink large quan- quired. Using a conventional battery cause permanent battery damage.
tities of water or milk and im- charger will damage the battery.
mediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for 15 To store the battery
minutes and seek prompt 1. If the model will not be used for 6
medical attention. more than one month, remove the
 Batteries produce explosive hy- battery, fully charge it, and then
drogen gas. Therefore, keep place it in a cool, dry place.
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc., NOTICE: When removing the
away from the battery and pro- battery, be sure the key is
vide sufficient ventilation when turned to “OFF”, then discon-
charging it in an enclosed nect the negative lead before
space. disconnecting the positive lead.
 KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTER- [ECA16303]

IES OUT OF THE REACH OF 2. If the battery will be stored for


CHILDREN. more than two months, check it at
least once a month and fully char-
To charge the battery ge it if necessary.
Have a Yamaha dealer charge the bat- 3. Fully charge the battery before
tery as soon as possible if it seems to installation. NOTICE: When in-
have discharged. Keep in mind that the stalling the battery, be sure the
6-30
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAUM3091
use a fuse of a higher amperage YP400R
Replacing the fuses rating than recommended to 1 2 3 4 5 6
The fuse box, which contains the fuses avoid causing extensive dam-
for the individual circuits, is located be- age to the electrical system and
hind panel C. (See page 6-8.) 10

10
10

20
7.5

10
possibly a fire. [EWA15132]
TIP TIP 7.5 10
20
The main fuse, which is in a different Fuse tongs are included in the owner’s
and hard-to-reach location, must be tool kit. Use the tongs to remove and 7
replaced by a Yamaha dealer. install a fuse. 10
ZAUM1037

1. Radiator fan fuse


2. ECU fuse
1 3. Backup fuse
6 4. Signaling system fuse
5. Headlight fuse
6. Ignition fuse
7. Spare fuse
8. Hazard fuse
1 1 2
ZAUM1058
ZAUM1036

1. Main fuse
1. Fuse box
2. Spare main fuse

If a fuse for the individual circuits is


blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage. WARNING! Do not

6-31
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


YP400RA Specified fuses:
EAU34242

1 2 3 4 5 6 Replacing a headlight bulb


Main fuse:
30.0 A This model is equipped with halogen
Ignition fuse: bulb headlights. If a headlight bulb
10

10
10

20
7.5

10

10.0 A burns out, have a Yamaha dealer re-


7.5 10
20
Signaling system fuse: place it and, if necessary, adjust the
7 10.0 A headlight beam.
10 10 10 Headlight fuse:
7 20.0 A
9 Hazard fuse:
30 20 30
ZAUM1129
10 11 10.0 A
Radiator fan fuse:
1. Radiator fan fuse
7.5 A
2. ECU fuse ABS control unit fuse:
3. Backup fuse YP400RA 10.0 A
4. Signaling system fuse
6
ABS motor fuse:
5. Headlight fuse YP400RA 30.0 A
6. Ignition fuse ABS solenoid fuse:
7. Spare fuse YP400RA 20.0 A
8. Hazard fuse Backup fuse:
9. ABS control unit fuse 10.0 A
10.ABS motor fuse
11.ABS solenoid fuse 3. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
check if the device operates.
4. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.

6-32
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU24182 EAU39881 EAUM3062

Tail/brake light Front turn signal light Replacing a rear turn signal
This model is equipped with an LED- If a front turn signal light does not light bulb
type tail/brake light. come on, have a Yamaha dealer check 1. Place the scooter on the center-
If the tail/brake light does not come on, its electrical circuit or replace the bulb. stand.
have a Yamaha dealer check it. 2. Open the seat. (See page 3-16.)
3. Remove the rear storage com-
partment by removing the bolts.
4. Remove the socket (together with
the turn signal light bulb) by turn-
ing it counterclockwise.

1
6
2

ZAUM1052

1. Bolt
2. Storage compartment

5. Remove the burnt-out bulb by


pushing it in and turning it coun-
terclockwise.

6-33
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


8. Place the rear storage compart- EAUM2203

ment in the original position and Replacing the license plate


1 install the bolts. light bulb
9. Close the seat. 1. Remove the socket (together with
the bulb) by pulling it out.

ZAUM1038

1. Turn signal light bulb socket

6. Insert a new bulb into the socket,


push it in, and then turn it clock-
6
wise until it stops. ZAUM1041

1. License plate light bulb socket


1
2 2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
pulling it out.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket.
4. Install the socket (together with
the bulb) by pushing it in.

ZAUM1039

1. Turn signal light bulb


2. Turn signal light bulb socket

7. Install the socket (together with


the bulb) by turning it clockwise.

6-34
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU54501 EAU25882
heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or
Auxiliary light Troubleshooting gasoline vapors can ignite or ex-
This model is equipped with LED-type Although Yamaha scooters receive a plode, causing severe injury or prop-
auxiliary lights. thorough inspection before shipment erty damage.
If an auxiliary light does not come on, from the factory, trouble may occur
have a Yamaha dealer check it. during operation. Any problem in the
fuel, compression, or ignition systems,
for example, can cause poor starting
and loss of power.
The following troubleshooting charts
represent quick and easy procedures
for checking these vital systems your-
self. However, should your scooter re-
6 quire any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the scooter prop-
erly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replace-
ment parts. Imitation parts may look
like Yamaha parts, but they are often
inferior, have a shorter service life and
can lead to expensive repair bills.
EWA15142

WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do
not smoke, and make sure there are
no open flames or sparks in the ar-
ea, including pilot lights from water
6-35
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU42706

Troubleshooting charts

Starting problems or poor engine performance

1. Fuel
There is enough fuel. Check the battery.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
The engine does not start.
There is no fuel. Supply fuel.
Check the battery.

2. Battery The engine turns over


The battery is good.
quickly.
The engine does not start.
Operate the electric starter.
Check the battery lead connections, Check the ignition. 6
The engine turns over
and have a Yamaha dealer charge
slowly.
the battery if necessary.

3. Ignition Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the


Wet Operate the electric starter.
spark plug gap, or replace the spark plug.
Remove the spark plug
and check the electrodes.
The engine does not start.
Dry Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
Check the compression.

4. Compression The engine does not start.


There is compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
Operate the electric starter.

There is no compression. Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

6-36
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


Engine overheating
EWAT1041

WARNING
 Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are hot. Scalding hot fluid and steam may be
blown out under pressure, which could cause serious injury. Be sure to wait until the engine has cooled.
 Place a thick rag, like a towel, over the radiator cap, and then slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise to the
detent to allow any residual pressure to escape. When the hissing sound has stopped, press down on the cap
while turning it counterclockwise, and then remove the cap.

There is Have a Yamaha dealer check


The coolant level is low. leakage. and repair the cooling system.
6 Check the cooling system
for leakage.
There is
Add coolant. (See TIP.)
Wait until the Check the coolant level in the no leakage.
engine has cooled. reservoir and radiator.

The coolant level Start the engine. If the engine overheats again, have a
is OK. Yamaha dealer check and repair the cooling system.

TIP
If coolant is not available, tap water can be temporarily used instead, provided that it is changed to the recommended cool-
ant as soon as possible.

6-37
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SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE


EAU37834 EAU26096
ucts onto seals, gaskets and
Matte color caution Care wheel axles. Always rinse the dirt
ECA15193
While the open design of a scooter re- and degreaser off with water.
NOTICE veals the attractiveness of the technol-
Some models are equipped with ogy, it also makes it more vulnerable. Cleaning
matte colored finished parts. Be Rust and corrosion can develop even if ECA10784

sure to consult a Yamaha dealer for high-quality components are used. A NOTICE
advice on what products to use be- rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed  Avoid using strong acidic wheel
fore cleaning the vehicle. Using a on a car, however, it detracts from the cleaners, especially on spoked
brush, harsh chemical products or overall appearance of a scooter. Fre- wheels. If such products are
cleaning compounds when cleaning quent and proper care does not only used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
these parts will scratch or damage comply with the terms of the warranty, not leave the cleaner on the af-
their surface. Wax also should not but it will also keep your scooter look- fected area any longer than in-
be applied to any matte colored fin- ing good, extend its life and optimize structed. Also, thoroughly rinse
ished parts. its performance. the area off with water, immedi-
ately dry it, and then apply a cor- 7
Before cleaning rosion protection spray.
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a  Improper cleaning can damage
plastic bag after the engine has plastic parts (such as cowlings,
cooled down. panels, windshields, headlight
2. Make sure that all caps and cov- lenses, meter lenses, etc.) and
ers as well as all electrical cou- the mufflers. Use only a soft,
plers and connectors, including clean cloth or sponge with wa-
the spark plug cap, are tightly in- ter to clean plastic. However, if
stalled. the plastic parts cannot be thor-
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt, oughly cleaned with water, di-
like oil burnt onto the crankcase, luted mild detergent with water
with a degreasing agent and a may be used. Be sure to rinse
brush, but never apply such prod-
7-1
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SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE


off any detergent residue using shield. Test the product on a
TIP
plenty of water, as it is harmful small hidden part of the wind-
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter
to plastic parts. shield to make sure that it does
may remain well into spring.
 Do not use any harsh chemical not leave any marks. If the wind-
products on plastic parts. Be shield is scratched, use a quality 1. Clean the scooter with cold water
sure to avoid using cloths or plastic polishing compound af- and a mild detergent after the en-
sponges which have been in ter washing. gine has cooled down. NOTICE:
contact with strong or abrasive Do not use warm water since it
cleaning products, solvent or After normal use increases the corrosive action
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust re- Remove dirt with warm water, a mild of the salt. [ECA10792]
movers or inhibitors, brake fluid, detergent, and a soft, clean sponge, 2. Apply a corrosion protection spray
antifreeze or electrolyte. and then rinse thoroughly with clean on all metal, including chrome-
 Do not use high-pressure wash- water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush and nickel-plated, surfaces to pre-
ers or steam-jet cleaners since for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt vent corrosion.
they cause water seepage and and insects will come off more easily if
7 deterioration in the following ar- the area is covered with a wet cloth for Cleaning the windshield
eas: seals (of wheel and swing- a few minutes before cleaning. Avoid using any alkaline or strong acid
arm bearings, fork and brakes), cleaner, gasoline, brake fluid, or any
electric components (couplers, After riding in the rain, near the sea or other solvent. Clean the windshield
connectors, instruments, on salt-sprayed roads with a cloth or sponge dampened with
switches and lights), breather Since sea salt or salt sprayed on the a mild detergent, and then wash it off
hoses and vents. roads during winter are extremely cor- thoroughly with water. For additional
 For scooters equipped with a rosive in combination with water, carry cleaning, use Yamaha Windshield
windshield: Do not use strong out the following steps after each ride Cleaner or another high-quality wind-
cleaners or hard sponges as in the rain, near the sea or on salt- shield cleaner. Some cleaning com-
they will cause dulling or sprayed roads. pounds for plastics may leave
scratching. Some cleaning scratches on the windshield. Before
compounds for plastic may using such cleaners, test an area of the
leave scratches on the wind-
7-2
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SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE


windshield which does not affect your EWA10943

WARNING TIP
visibility and which cannot be easily
 Consult a Yamaha dealer for ad-
recognized. Contaminants on the brakes or tires
vice on what products to use.
can cause loss of control.
 Washing, rainy weather or humid
After cleaning  Make sure that there is no oil or
climates can cause the headlight
1. Dry the scooter with a chamois or wax on the brakes or tires. If
lens to fog. Turning the headlight
an absorbing cloth. necessary, clean the brake
on for a short period of time will
2. Use a chrome polish to shine discs and brake linings with a
help remove the moisture from the
chrome, aluminum and stainless- regular brake disc cleaner or
lens.
steel parts, including the exhaust acetone, and wash the tires with
system. (Even the thermally in- warm water and a mild deter-
duced discoloring of stainless- gent.
steel exhaust systems can be re-  Before operating the scooter
moved through polishing.) test its braking performance
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recom- and cornering behavior.
mended to apply a corrosion pro- 7
ECA10801
tection spray on all metal, NOTICE
including chrome- and nickel-plat-
 Apply spray oil and wax spar-
ed, surfaces.
ingly and make sure to wipe off
4. Use spray oil as a universal clean-
any excess.
er to remove any remaining dirt.
 Never apply oil or wax to any
5. Touch up minor paint damage
rubber and plastic parts, but
caused by stones, etc.
treat them with a suitable care
6. Wax all painted surfaces.
product.
7. Let the scooter dry completely be-
 Avoid using abrasive polishing
fore storing or covering it.
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.

7-3
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SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE


EAU36564
2. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel 4. Lubricate all control cables and
Storage stabilizer (if available) to prevent the pivoting points of all levers and
the fuel tank from rusting and the pedals as well as of the side-
Short-term fuel from deteriorating. stand/centerstand.
Always store your scooter in a cool, dry 3. Perform the following steps to 5. Check and, if necessary, correct
place and, if necessary, protect it protect the cylinder, piston rings, the tire air pressure, and then lift
against dust with a porous cover. Be etc. from corrosion. the scooter so that both of its
sure the engine and the exhaust sys- a. Remove the spark plug cap wheels are off the ground. Alterna-
tem are cool before covering the and spark plug. tively, turn the wheels a little every
scooter. b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine month in order to prevent the tires
ECA10821
oil into the spark plug bore. from becoming degraded in one
NOTICE
c. Install the spark plug cap onto spot.
 Storing the scooter in a poorly the spark plug, and then place 6. Cover the muffler outlet with a
ventilated room or covering it the spark plug on the cylinder plastic bag to prevent moisture
with a tarp, while it is still wet, head so that the electrodes are from entering it.
7 will allow water and humidity to grounded. (This will limit spark- 7. Remove the battery and fully char-
seep in and cause rust. ing during the next step.) ge it. Store it in a cool, dry place
 To prevent corrosion, avoid d. Turn the engine over several and charge it once a month. Do
damp cellars, stables (because times with the starter. (This will not store the battery in an exces-
of the presence of ammonia) coat the cylinder wall with oil.) sively cold or warm place [less
and areas where strong chemi- e. Remove the spark plug cap than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30
cals are stored. from the spark plug, and then °C (90 °F)]. For more information
install the spark plug and the on storing the battery, see page
Long-term spark plug cap. WARNING! To 6-29.
Before storing your scooter for several prevent damage or injury
months: TIP
from sparking, make sure to
1. Follow all the instructions in the Make any necessary repairs before
ground the spark plug elec-
“Care” section of this chapter. storing the scooter.
trodes while turning the en-
gine over. [EWA10952]
7-4
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SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions: Engine oil: Cooling system:
Overall length: Recommended brand: Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the
2190 mm (86.2 in) YAMALUBE maximum level mark):
Overall width: Type: 0.31 L (0.33 US qt, 0.27 Imp.qt)
780 mm (30.7 in) SAE 10W-30, 10W-40, 10W-50, 15W-40, Radiator capacity (including all routes):
Overall height: 20W-40 or 20W-50 1.38 L (1.46 US qt, 1.21 Imp.qt)
1385 mm (54.5 in) Air filter:
0 10 30 50 70 90 110 130 ˚F
Seat height: Air filter element:
785 mm (30.9 in) SAE 10W-30 Oil-coated paper element
Wheelbase: Fuel:
SAE 10W-40
1565 mm (61.6 in) Recommended fuel:
Ground clearance: SAE 10W-50 Premium unleaded gasoline (Gasohol (E10)
103 mm (4.06 in) SAE 15W-40 acceptable)
Minimum turning radius: Fuel tank capacity:
SAE 20W-40
2500 mm (98.4 in) 14.0 L (3.70 US gal, 3.08 Imp.gal)
Weight: SAE 20W-50
Fuel reserve amount:
Curb weight: –20 –10 0 10 20 30 40 50 ˚C 2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
YP400R 211 kg (465 lb) Fuel injection:
Recommended engine oil grade:
YP400RA 215 kg (474 lb) Throttle body:
API service SG type or higher, JASO
Engine: ID mark:
standard MA
Engine type: 5RUG 20 8
Engine oil quantity:
Liquid cooled 4-stroke, DOHC Spark plug(s):
Without oil filter element replacement:
Cylinder arrangement: Manufacturer/model:
1.50 L (1.59 US qt, 1.32 Imp.qt)
Single cylinder NGK/CR7E
With oil filter element replacement:
Displacement: Spark plug gap:
1.70 L (1.80 US qt, 1.50 Imp.qt)
395 cm³ 0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
Bore × stroke:
Final transmission oil:
Type: Clutch:
83.0 × 73.0 mm (3.27 × 2.87 in) Clutch type:
YAMALUBE 10W-40 or SAE 10W-30 type
Compression ratio: Dry, centrifugal automatic
SE motor oil
10.60 : 1 Transmission:
Quantity:
Starting system: Primary reduction ratio:
0.25 L (0.26 US qt, 0.22 Imp.qt)
Electric starter
1.000
Lubrication system: Final drive:
Wet sump Gear
8-1
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SPECIFICATIONS
Secondary reduction ratio: Loading: Operation:
6.643 (31/14 x 42/14) Maximum load: Right hand operation
Transmission type: YP400R 185 kg (408 lb) Specified brake fluid:
V-belt automatic YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb) DOT 4
Operation: (Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo Rear brake:
Centrifugal automatic type and accessories) Type:
Chassis: Tire air pressure (measured on cold Single disc brake
Frame type: tires): Operation:
Underbone Loading condition: Left hand operation
Caster angle: 0–90 kg (0–198 lb) Specified brake fluid:
28.00 ° Front: DOT 4
Trail: 220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi) Front suspension:
100 mm (3.9 in) Rear: Type:
Front tire: 250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi) Telescopic fork
Type: Loading condition: Spring/shock absorber type:
Tubeless YP400R 90–185 kg (198–408 lb) Coil spring/oil damper
Size: YP400RA 90–181 kg (198–399 lb) Wheel travel:
120/70-15 M/C 56S Front: 110.0 mm (4.33 in)
Manufacturer/model: 220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi) Rear suspension:
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP Rear: Type:
Manufacturer/model: 250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi) Unit swing
8
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28 Front wheel: Spring/shock absorber type:
Rear tire: Wheel type: Coil spring/oil damper
Type: Cast wheel Wheel travel:
Tubeless Rim size: 92.0 mm (3.62 in)
Size: 15 x MT3.50 Electrical system:
150/70-13 M/C 64S Rear wheel: Ignition system:
Manufacturer/model: Wheel type: TCI
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP Cast wheel Charging system:
Manufacturer/model: Rim size: AC magneto
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28 13 x MT4.00 Battery:
Front brake: Model:
Type: GT9B-4
Dual disc brake
8-2
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SPECIFICATIONS
Voltage, capacity: Headlight fuse:
12 V, 8.0 Ah 20.0 A
Headlight: Signaling system fuse:
Bulb type: 10.0 A
Halogen bulb Ignition fuse:
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity: 10.0 A
Headlight: Radiator fan fuse:
12 V, 55.0 W × 2 7.5 A
Tail/brake light: Hazard fuse:
LED 10.0 A
Front turn signal light: ECU fuse:
12 V, 10.0 W × 2 10.0 A
Rear turn signal light: ABS control unit fuse:
12 V, 10.0 W × 2 YP400RA 10.0 A
Auxiliary light: ABS motor fuse:
LED YP400RA 30.0 A
License plate light: ABS solenoid fuse:
12 V, 5.0 W × 1 YP400RA 20.0 A
Meter lighting: Backup fuse:
12 V, 2.0 W × 3 10.0 A
High beam indicator light:
8
12 V, 1.4 W × 1
Turn signal indicator light:
12 V, 1.4 W × 2
Engine trouble warning light:
12 V, 1.4 W × 1
ABS warning light:
YP400RA 12 V, 1.4 W × 1
Immobilizer system indicator light:
LED
Fuses:
Main fuse:
30.0 A

8-3
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CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU48613 EAU26411 EAU26461

Identification numbers Vehicle identification number Model label


Record the vehicle identification num-
ber and model label information in the
spaces provided below for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a
Yamaha dealer or for reference in case
the vehicle is stolen.
1
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
ZAUM0683

1. Vehicle identification number 1. Model label

The vehicle identification number is The model label is affixed to the loca-
stamped into the frame. tion shown. Record the information on
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION: this label in the space provided. This
TIP
information will be needed when order-
The vehicle identification number is
ing spare parts from a Yamaha dealer.
used to identify your vehicle and may
be used to register it with the licensing
authority in your area.
9

9-1
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INDEX
A Front fork, checking ............................. 6-28 S
ABS (for ABS models) .......................... 3-12 Front turn signal light ........................... 6-33 Safe-riding points ................................... 1-5
ABS warning light (for ABS models) ....... 3-4 Fuel ...................................................... 3-14 Safety information................................... 1-1
Acceleration and deceleration................ 5-3 Fuel consumption, tips for reducing ...... 5-4 Seat....................................................... 3-16
Air filter elements and check hoses Fuel tank cap........................................ 3-13 Shock absorber assemblies,
and V-belt case air filter element ....... 6-18 Fuses, replacing................................... 6-31 adjusting ............................................. 3-18
Anti-theft alarm (optional) ..................... 3-10 H Sidestand.............................................. 3-18
Auxiliary light ........................................ 6-35 Handlebar switches ............................. 3-10 Spark plug, checking............................ 6-11
B Hazard switch ...................................... 3-11 Specifications ......................................... 8-1
Battery .................................................. 6-29 Headlight bulb, replacing ..................... 6-32 Speedometer .......................................... 3-5
Brake fluid, changing............................ 6-26 High beam indicator light ....................... 3-4 Starting off .............................................. 5-2
Brake fluid level, checking.................... 6-24 Horn switch .......................................... 3-11 Starting the engine ................................. 5-1
Brake lever, front .................................. 3-11 I Start switch........................................... 3-11
Brake lever, rear ................................... 3-12 Identification numbers ........................... 9-1 Steering, checking ................................ 6-29
Brake levers, lubricating ....................... 6-27 Ignition circuit cut-off system .............. 3-19 Storage ................................................... 7-4
Braking ................................................... 5-3 Immobilizer system ................................ 3-1 Storage compartments......................... 3-16
C Immobilizer system indicator light ......... 3-4 T
Cables, checking and lubricating ......... 6-26 Indicator lights and warning lights ......... 3-3 Tachometer............................................. 3-6
Care ........................................................ 7-1 L Tail/brake light ...................................... 6-33
Catalytic converters.............................. 3-15 License plate light bulb, replacing ....... 6-34 Throttle grip and cable, checking and
Centerstand and sidestand, checking M lubricating........................................... 6-26
and lubricating ................................... 6-27 Main switch/steering lock ...................... 3-2 Throttle grip free play, checking ........... 6-20
Coolant ................................................. 6-16 Maintenance and lubrication, periodic... 6-4 Tires ...................................................... 6-21
D Maintenance, emission control Tool kit .................................................... 6-2
Dimmer switch...................................... 3-11 system ................................................. 6-3 Troubleshooting.................................... 6-35
E Matte color, caution ............................... 7-1 Troubleshooting charts......................... 6-36
Engine break-in ...................................... 5-4 Model label............................................. 9-1 Turn signal indicator lights...................... 3-3 10
Engine oil and oil filter element............. 6-13 Multi-function display............................. 3-6 Turn signal light bulb (rear),
Engine trouble warning light................... 3-4 P replacing............................................. 6-33
F Panels, removing and installing ............. 6-8 Turn signal switch................................. 3-11
Final transmission oil ............................ 6-15 Parking ................................................... 5-5 V
Front and rear brake lever free play, Part locations ......................................... 2-1 Valve clearance..................................... 6-20
checking............................................. 6-23 Pass switch .......................................... 3-11 Vehicle identification number ................. 9-1
Front and rear brake pads, checking ... 6-24
10-1
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INDEX
W
Wheel bearings, checking .................... 6-29
Wheels .................................................. 6-22

10

10-2
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Original instructions

MBK Industrie
Z.I. de Rouvroy 02100 Saint Quentin
PRINTED IN FRANCE
2013.09 (E)

DIC183

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