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RULE 111

Question No. 1 Should criminal and civil action be jointly instituted? Exceptions?

Question No. 2: What are types of civil liabilities?

Question No. 3: When should reservation to institute a separate civil action be made?

Question no. 4: Are counterclaim, etcetera, allowed to be filed in criminal cases?

Question No. 5: Can the accused file his counterclaim, cross-claim or third party claim be filed in the
same criminal action?

Question no. 6: What are the aims in the institution of criminal and civil actions?

Question no. 7: In the event of acquittal, can the offended party file an appeal?

Question no. 8: What can exemplary damages awarded?

Question No. 9: Does acquittal extinguish civil liability?

Question No. 10: When is the separate civil action deemed suspended, and until when? Reason?


1.Phil. Rabbit Bus Lines Inc. vs People, G.R. No147703, 14 April 2004

2.ABS CBD Broadcasting Corp vs. Ombudsman, G.R. No 133747, 13 Oct 2008

3. People vs Wahiman, 758 SCRA 366

4. (Ricarze vs. CA. G.R. No. 160451, 9 February 2007)

5. Mobilia Products Inc. vs. Hajime Umezawa, G.R. No 149357, supra

8. People vs Alinao g. R. No. 191256, 18 September, 2013

9. Cristina B. Salvador v. Phillip Salvador, G.R. No 191240, July 30, 2014