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FACULTY OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PULAU PINANG

RADIO FREQUENCY CONTROLLED CAR WITH


METAL DETECTOR

MUHAMMAD AZIM FITRI BIN YAZLI


MC LISTER DANIEL

SUPERVISOR:
AZIZAH BINTI AHMAD
FACULTY OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PULAU PINANG

FINAL REPORT:
RADIO FREQUENCY CONTROLLED CAR WITH METAL
DETECTOR

MUHAMMAD AZIM FITRI BIN YAZLI

2015849094

MC LISTER DANIEL

2015845026

SUPERVISOR:

AZIZAH BINTI AHMAD


This report is submitted to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering,

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).

In partial fulfilment of the award of Diploma in Electrical Engineering.


This report is approved by:

….…………………………………………..

Azizah Binti Ahmad

(SUPERVISOR)

Date:…………………………….
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We express our sincere gratitude to Universiti Teknologi Mara Pulau Pinang for
providing us the opportunity to undertake and complete this interesting project report.

We are very thankful to our supervisor Madam Nur Fadhilah Binti Jamaludin
for inspiring and motivating us to produce this project successfully, which became our
backbone and guide throughout the completion of this project. Without her assistance,
we would not have completed this project. We would also like to thank to our respected
coordinator which has helped us a lot in improving our report along the final year
project and learn how to prepare the correct report. Our appreciation also goes to the
Head of UiTM Electrical Faculty for supporting us through our final year project.

It would be very unfair without the mention of our friends and family members.
The immense love and moral support they have given us are truly unmeasurable.
ABSTRACT

Nowadays, remote-controlled car is used widely. Some of them have different


functions such as to carry stuff from one place to another, sweeping floors, lift heavy
things and others. A remote-controlled car can also be used as a metal detector because
it can help us detect electric cables, land mines and any types of metals from
underground. It can make the maintenance of electric cables easier. In addition, it also
have capability to detect land mines from underground and hence reduce the risk of
lives as it can be controlled from far distance. Therefore, this remote-controlled car with
metal detector is expected to detect electric cables, land mines and other metal types
from underground.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER TITLE PAGE

DECLARATION I

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ii

ABSTRACT iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS iv

LIST OF FIGURES v

LIST OF TABLES vi

LIST OF ABBREVIATION vii

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of Study 1

1.2 Problem Statement 2

1.3 Objectives 2

1.4 Scope of Study 4

2 THEORETICAL BACKGROUND

2.1 Theoretical Background 5

2.1.1 A brief overview 6


3 METHODOLOGY

3.1 The Methodology Process 7

3.2 System Specification 8

3.3 Circuit Testing and Troubleshooting 9

4 RESULT AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Software Simulation Result 10

4.2 Hardware Implementation Result 11

4.3 Data Analysis 12

5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Conclusion 13

5.2 Recommendation 14

REFERENCES

APPENDICES

Appendix A 15

Title
LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE NO. TITLE PAGE


LIST OF TABLES

TABLE NO. TITLE PAGE


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

Abbreviations
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of Study

Nowadays, remote controlled car is using widely. Some of them has


different functions such as carry stuff from one place to another, sweeping floor,
lift heavy things and others by using remote controlled car that has important
function, it can reduce help us to make work more efficient by reducing our
time. After that, remote controlled car can be used for military defense. It can be
used to investigate and sabotage the enemy. In this case, it can reduce the risk
from getting near to the enemy and plan the strategy.

Other than that, by using RF (Radio Frequency) it can improve the user
experience and much better range. By using RF, it can also easily walk around
the house or other places just by using the remote. Next, RF remote control
also able to transmit its signal through walls, doors and furniture. RF also
allows two-way communication and enables a status display on the remote [1].

After that, a metal detector is an electronic instrument which detects the


presence of metal nearby. It is also useful for finding metal inclusions hidden
within objects, or metal objects buried underground. It also can detect foreign
bodies in food and in the construction industry to detect steel reinforcing bars
in concrete and pipes that had been buried in walls and floors. It is usually
consisting of a handheld unit with a sensor probe which can be swept over the
ground [2].

However, a remote controlled car with metal detector can detect any
metals from underground easily. For an example, a treasurer can detect any
treasures that made of metal from underground. This can help treasurer to
easily find the treasure without walking around and reduce energy. After that,
it can also detect land mine from many year ago. This is a safe way and also
reduce the risk of lives to search for land mine. Therefore, the radio frequency
controlled car with metal detector in [1] are proposed in order to overcome the
deficiency of the conventional method.

1.2 Problem Statement Commented [U1]: Tiada pembetulan dibuat

Nowadays, the risk of detecting land mines and maintenance of pipes


underground would be higher because of the metal detector must be carried by
human that could be near to land mines. Most of the metal detectors nowadays
cannot detect metal from far distance. It also can cause exhausted by caring the
metal detector during the metal detection. The method of using RF controlled
car with metal detector is able to detect if there are land mines from
underground. Most of previous metal detector are hand-held device which also
required a lot of battery power and worked only to a very limited degree. By
using a RF controlled car, it would make detecting metal more efficiency
because the controlled car can be controlled from far distance. It also can
detect wires from the underground before doing a maintenance to make the
work more easily. Other than that, it also can be used to find the location of
metal pipes before building a residential area to prevent any damages to the
metal pipes. Therefore, the radio frequency controlled car with metal detector
in [1] are proposed in order to overcome the deficiency of the conventional
method.
1.3 Objectives of Research

The objectives of this project are:

1. To control the RF controlled car using radio frequency remote.


2. To observe the capability of the metal detector to detects any types of
metals underground.
3. To turn ON the LED when the metal detector detects metal.
4. To turn ON the buzzer at different tempo of the sound when the metal
detector detects metal.
1.4 Scope of Study

In order to accomplish the objectives of this project, there are several


things that should be considered which is:

1. Components installation on Printed Circuit Board (PCB)


2. The logic state button can control the motor to rotate clockwise or anti-
clockwise.
3. The sound of buzzer and the LED light will start changing when metal under the
remote controlled car are detected.
4. The metal detector and radio frequency controlled car will be tested

This project is to distinguish arrangements of recognizing metal


question, for example, presence of mines from underground physically and
diminish the hazard amid metal detection by utilizing remote controlled. Firstly,
the controlling switches is use to determine the input is 1 or 0. After that, IC
M145026 is use for wireless communication applications it also acts as an
encoder. The Modulo TX is use to transmit signal while the Modulo RX is use
to receive signal. The IC M145027 is also use for wireless communication
application and acts as a decoder. Next, the motor driver which is L293D IC.
The proximity sensor will detect the objects without any physical interference.
Then, the components will be assembled on the PCB board. The project will be
tested to identify if there is any troubleshoot in the circuit. The proximity sensor
will work same as infrared sensor, proximity also release a signal, it will not
give output unless and until there is no change in the reflected back signal, and
if there is a change in signal it will detect and give the output accordingly.

Commented [ALE-L212]: Please specific what type of metal


used for testing the metal detection
CHAPTER 2
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND

2.1 Theoretical Background

Radio frequency remote control car with metal detector is the combination
between two purpose. Which is Radio frequency remote control car and the metal
detector. Where radio controlled cars are battery or gas-powered model cars or trucks
that can be controlled from a distance using a specialized transmitter or remote. The
term "R/C" has been used to mean both "remote controlled" and "radio controlled",
where "remote controlled" includes vehicles that are connected to their controller by a
wire, but common use of "R/C" today usually refers to vehicles controlled by a radio-
frequency link.

Cars are powered by various sources. Electric models are powered by small but
powerful electric motors and rechargeable nickel-cadmium, nickel metal hydride, or
lithium polymer cells. There are also brushed or brushless electric motors. Most fuel-
powered models use glow plug engines, small internal combustion engines fuelled by a
special mixture of nitromethane, methanol, and a blend of castor oil and synthetic oil.
These are referred to as "nitro" cars. Recently, exceptionally large models have been
introduced that are powered by small gasoline engines, similar to string trimmer motors,
which use a mix of oil and gasoline. Electric cars are generally considered easier for the
novice to work with compared to fuel-driven models, but can be equally as complex at
the higher budget and skill levels.

Besides, metal detector. Back in the mid-1800s, after the invention of electricity,
many scientists, scholars, and gold miners began experimenting with the idea of
developing a machine that could locate metal buried underground. A device like this
would be incredibly useful to the many prospectors still looking for gold after the “Gold
Rush” and, as a result, could make the first person to perfect a metal detector very, very
rich.

The first metal detector mentioned in history, however, actually has nothing to
do with finding gold. Instead, it was used in an attempt to save President James Garfield
after he was shot in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881, at the Baltimore and Potomac
Railroad Station by Charles J. Guiteau. The President had been shot in the back, but,
luckily, the wound did not kill him. Unfortunately, though, doctors couldn’t locate the
bullet and Garfield continued to suffer.

One of his visitors during that time, Alexander Graham Bell, built a metal
detector specifically to try to help find this bullet, but, sadly, his attempts were
unsuccessful. It turns out the metal springs in the bed President Garfield was lying on
confused the machine and rendered it essentially useless. President Garfield finally died
of infection from his wound September 19, 1881 [3].

2.1.1 A brief overview

In this technique, the radio frequency controlled car using radio frequency remote
is proposed. It is use allowed the information transmitting of information from the
transmitter of the remote controller to the receiver of car has been applied. This radio
frequency controlled car move by using radio frequency. Other than that, the metal
detector is able to detect any types of metals from underground based on the simulation. Commented [ALE-L213]: specific the type of metal that you
used in this project
After that, the LED will light with different tempo when a metal is detected by the
metal detector. Lastly, the buzzer also will transmit different tempo when the metal
detector detects a metal.