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Capítulo 54:

Discurso directo e indirecto


Direct and indirect speech
(direct and indirect spi..ch)
(discurso directo e indirecto)

"direct speech" = el discurso directo se usa para expresar algo directamente, es lo que una
persona dice o nos dice directamente.
Ex:
I am tired.
I am going to Cancún this weekend.

"simple indirect speech" = el discurso indirecto simple es un reporte simple que damos o
que nos dan de lo que una persona dijo.
Ex:
You) John said "I am tired".
Mary) the other day you told me "I donot like going to my house" and now you are going.

"complete indirect speech" = el discurso o reporte indirecto completo se usa para


comunicarle a una persona lo que otra persona dijo.
Ex:
John) I am tired. = frase directa.

You tell another person) John said he was tired!. = frase o reporte indirecto.

Rules:

1) Si en una frase directa se usa la acción "to be", entonces en el reporte indirecto se usa el
pasado de "to be" (was, were).
Ex:
Be ------ was / were.
To be going to ------- was / were going to.

Frase directa: I am tired.


Frase indirecta: he said that he was tired.

She is going to travel to Acapulco.


- She said that she was going to travel to Acapulco.

2) Si en la frase directas se usa: ---- entonces en las frases indirectas se usa:

Can ---- could.


May ---- might.
Will ---- would.
Simple present ---- simple past.

simple past
Present perfect past perfect.
past perfect
Ex:
Frase directa) I can do that.
Frase indirecta) he said that he could do that.

I will kiss her.


- He said that he would kiss her.

I may ask her.


- He said that he might ask her.

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I always do it.
- He said that he always did it.

She has always good ideas.


- He said that she always had good ideas.

I already did my homework.


- He said that he alredy had done his homework.

I have done plenty of exercise recently.


- She said that she had done plenty of exercise recently.

I had seen that face.


- She said that she had seen that face.

3) Si queremos decir a una persona lo que otra persona pregunto, usamos "asked + la
palabra interrogativa correspondiente", y luego aplicamos la regla 1 y 2:
Ex:
Frase directa) where did you go last night?.
Frase indirecta) he asked where you had gone last night.

Where have you been?


- She asked where you had been.

What are you doing?


- He asked what you were doing.

4) Si no se utiliza una palabra interrogativa en la pregunta, entonces solo usamos "asked +


if", y luego lógicamente la regla 1 y 2:
Ex:
Do you know her?
- He asked if you knew her.

Did you go to the cinema?


- He asked if you had gone to the cinema.

Have you finished your work?.


- He asked if you had finished your work.
Had you been sick?.
- He asked if you had been sick.

Advanced 1 english practice, unit 7


"indirect speech"

Make the appropiate indirect speech of each one of the following sentences:

1) I will kiss her. _____________________________


2) I may ask her. _____________________________
3) I always do it. ____________________________
4) she has always good ideas. __________________________________
5) I already did my homework. __________________________________
6) I have done plenty of exercise recently. _______________________________
7) I had seen that face. _________________________________
8) where have you been? __________________________________
9) what are you doing? ____________________________________
10) do you know her? _____________________________________
11) did you go to the cinema? _________________________________
12) have you finished your work?. _______________________________
13) had you been sick?. ____________________________