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7 vizualizări7 paginiKinematics - Physics A level Cambridge Internal Examination

Jul 27, 2018

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Kinematics - Physics A level Cambridge Internal Examination

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7 vizualizări

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Kinematics - Physics A level Cambridge Internal Examination

© All Rights Reserved

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D.

1. A tennis ball is thrown horizontally in air from the

top of a tall building. If the effect of air resistance

is not negligible, what happens to the horizontal

and vertical components of the ball’s velocity?

horizontal vertical component

omponent of velocity

of velocity

A. constant constant

B. constant increases at a constant 4. The acceleration of free fall on the Moon is one-

rate sixth of that on Earth. On Earth it takes time t for

a stone to fall from rest a distance of 2 m. What is

C. decreases to zero increases at a constant

rate the time taken for a stone to fall from rest a

distance of 2 m on the Moon?

D. decreases to zero increases to a maximum

value A. 6t

t

B.

2. An object is thrown with velocity 5.2 m s1 6

vertically upwards on the Moon. The acceleration C. t 6

due to gravity on the Moon is 1.62 m s2. What is t

the time taken for the object to return to its D.

starting point? 6

A. 2.5 s

5. Which graph represents the motion of a car that is

B. 3.2 s

travelling along a straight road with a speed that

C. 4.5 s

increases uniformly with time?

D. 6.4 s

A.

moving in a straight line varies with time.

B.

The object starts from rest. Which graph shows the

variation with time of the velocity of the object

over the same time interval?

A.

C.

B.

D.

C.

6. A radio-controlled toy car travels along a straight 10. Which graph represents the motion of a car that is

line for a time of 15 s. The variation with time t of travelling along a straight road with a speed that

the velocity v of the car is shown below. increases uniformly with time?

A.

journey shown by the graph?

B.

A. 1.5 m s1

B. 0.0 m s1

C. 4.0 m s1

D. 4.5 m s1

with speed 16.4 m s1. By using reverse thrust it

can maintain a constant total stopping force of 920 C.

000 N. How long will it take to stop?

15 seconds

A.

150 seconds

B.

25 minutes

C.

250 minutes

D.

8. The graph shows the variation with time of the

D.

speed of a raindrop falling vertically through air.

acceleration of free fall g. A body falls between

Which statement is correct?

two fixed points. The four measurements shown

The acceleration decreases to produce a

A. below are taken. Which measurement is not

steady speed.

required for the calculation of g?

The acceleration increases as the speed

B. the distance fallen by the body

increases. A.

The air resistance decreases as the speed the initial velocity of the body

C. B.

the mass of the body

increases. C.

the time taken for the body to fall

The resultant force increases as the speed D.

D.

increases.

12. In a cathode-ray tube, an electron is accelerated

uniformly in a straight line from a speed of 4 × 103

m s1 to 2 × 107 m s1 over a distance of 10 mm.

9. The acceleration of free fall on the Moon is one- What is the acceleration of the electron?

sixth of that on Earth. On Earth it takes time t for A. 2 × 103 m s2

a stone to fall from rest a distance of 2 m. What is B. 2 × 106 m s2

the time taken for a stone to fall from rest a C. 2 × 1013 m s2

distance of 2 m on the Moon? D. 2 × 1016 m s2

6t

A. t

B.

6

C. t 6

t

D.

6

13. The graph shows how the speed v of a sprinter

changes with time t during a 100 m race.

the ball?

A.

B.

acceleration of the sprinter?

A. 0.5 m s2

B. 1 m s2

C.

C. 3 m s2

D. 10 m s2

free fall g, a ball-bearing is held by an

electromagnet. When the current to the

electromagnet is switched off, a clock starts and

the ballbearing falls. After falling a distance h, the

ball-bearing strikes a switch to stop the clock

which measures the time t of the fall. Which

expression can be used to calculate the value of g? 17. A sphere is released and falls. Its initial

ht 2 acceleration reduces until it eventually begins to

A. 2 travel at constant terminal velocity. Which

th2 displacement-time graph best represents the

B. 2 motion of the sphere?

2t

C. A.

h2

2h

D.

t2

mass moving up and down on the end of a spring.

Which point represents the velocity of the mass

when at the lowest point of its motion?

B.

It moves down the slope, along a smooth horizontal

surface YZ and rebounds inelastically at Z. Then it

moves back to Y and comes to rest momentarily

somewhere on XY.

C. A C

. .

B D

D. . .

1

motion is shown. s ut at2 at Apparatus is

18. An insect jumps with an initial vertical velocity of 2

arranged to record the time t taken for a marble to

1.0 m s1, reaching a maximum height of 3.5 × 102

fall between two light gates connected to timers.

m. Assume the deceleration is uniform. What is the

The marble touches the stop before it is released.

magnitude of the deceleration?

The vertical distance s between the light gates is

A. 3.6 m s2 measured.

B. 9.8 m s2

C. 14 m s2

D. 29 m s2

velocity from u to v in time t. Which expression

would not give a correct value for the body’s

displacement during time t?

A. ut + 1 at2

2

B. vt 1 at2 Which graph does not show a correct relationship

2 when light gate 2 moves up to light gate 1 which is

C. v uv u fixed?

2a

D. v ut

2 A.

incident on it. Theory suggests that I varies

inversely as the square of the distance d.

B.

24. In an experiment to determine the acceleration of

free fall g, a ball bearing is held by an

C. electromagnet. When the current to the

electromagnet is switched off, a clock starts and

the ball bearing falls. After falling a distance h, the

ball bearing strikes a switch to stop the clock

which measures the time t of the fall. If systematic

errors cause t and h to be measured incorrectly,

which error must cause g to appear greater than

9.81 m s2?

A. h measured as being smaller than it actually is

D. and t is measured correctly

B. h measured as being smaller than it actually is

and t measured as being larger than it actually

is

C. h measured as being larger than it actually is

and t measured as being larger than it actually

is

D. h is measured correctly and t measured as

being smaller than it actually is

22. A stone is dropped from a height of 20 m above 25. A stone is thrown horizontally from the top of a

water. The graph shows the variation with time of cliff. Air resistance is negligible. Which graph

the velocity of the stone. shows the variation with time of the vertical

component of the stone’s velocity?

A C

. .

B D

. .

Which statement describes the approximate

position of the stone four seconds after it is

dropped?

A. It is at a distance of 10 m above the surface of

the water.

B. It is at a distance of 10 m below the surface of 26. A sprinter runs a 100 m race in a straight line. He

the water. accelerates from the starting block at a constant

C. It is at a distance of 20 m below the surface of acceleration of 2.5 m s2 to reach his maximum

the water. speed of 10 m s1. He maintains this speed until he

D. It is at a distance of 30 m below the surface of crosses the finish line. Which time does it take the

the water. sprinter to run the race?

A. 4 s

23. The water surface in a deep well is 78.0 m below B. 10 s

the top of the well. A person at the top of the well C. 12 s

drops a heavy stone down the well. Air resistance D. 20 s

is negligible. The speed of sound in the air is 330 m 27. A boy throws a ball vertically upwards. It rises to a

s1. What is the time interval between the person maximum height, where it is momentarily at rest,

dropping the stone and hearing it hitting the and then falls back to his hands. Which row gives

water? the acceleration of the ball at various stages in its

A. 3.75 s motion? (Take vertically upwards as positive.

B. 3.99 s Ignore air resistance.)

C. 4.19 s rising at maximum height falling

D. 4.22 s A. 9.81 m s2 0 +9.81 m s2

B. 9.81 m s2 9.81 m s2 9.81 m s2

2 2

C. +9.81 m s +9.81 m s +9.81 m s2

D. +9.81 m s 2

0 9.81 m s2

28. The curved line PQR is the velocity-time graph for

a car starting from rest. 31. A body falling in a uniform gravitational field

encounters air resistance. The air resistance

increases until terminal velocity is reached. Which

factor does not affect its terminal velocity?

A. the density of the air

B. the height from which the body falls

C. the mass of the body

D. the shape of the body

cheetah spots the antelope and runs towards it.

The antelope reacts to the cheetah after one

What is the average acceleration of the car over second and runs directly away from the cheetah.

the first 5 s? Both animals take 2 seconds to reach their top

A. the area below the curve PQ speeds. The graph shows how the speeds of the

B. the area of the triangle PQS two animals vary with time.

C. the gradient of the straight line PQ

D. the gradient of the tangent at Q

surface. It strikes the surface and bounces several

times. The velocity-time graph for the first two

bounces is shown.

the cheetah began running?

What is the maximum height of the ball after the A. 4 m

first bounce? B. 11 m

A. 0.20 m C. 54 m

B. 0.25 m D. 89 m

C. 0.45 m

D. 0.65 m 33. A boy throws a stone with a horizontal velocity of

10 m s1 from the top of a building. The height of

the building is 8.0 m. The stone travels along a

30. The velocity of an electric car changes as shown. curved path until it hits the ground, as shown in

the diagram.

ground? (Air resistance can be neglected.)

A. 0.61 s

B. 0.80 s

What is the acceleration of the car? C. 1.3 s

A. 210 m s2 D. 1.6 s

B. 58 m s2

C. 26 m s2

D. 7.3 m s2

34. A football is released above a plane, sloping

surface and bounces several times. The diagram

shows its path between its bounces at X and at Y.

Assume that there is no air resistance.

time t of the horizontal component of its velocity

vh between X and Y?

A.

B.

C.

D.

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