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ENGINEERING ASSESSMENT REPORT

OF
EXISTING-SINGLE STORIED STEEL SHEDS FOR CANTEEN & GARBAGE
AT PLOT 18-20, SECTOR-3, KEPZ, NORTH PATENGA, EPZ THANA, CHITTAGONG.

NAME OF THE CLIENT

VANCOT LIMITED

Submitted By:

Date of Submission: 08.02.2018

Name of the Submitting Engineer


DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION
Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Engr. Abdul Quddus Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
B.Sc. Engg(Civil, BUET), Mobile: +8801718612966,
DMINB/CE-0231 E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
MIEB-21384 Web: www.ddslt.com
CEO & Structural Designer
Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

TABLE OF CONTENT

Sl No Description
ABSTRACT
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Scope of Work
3.0 Methodology
4.0 Structural Design Concept and criteria
4.1 Codes and Standards
4.2 General Load Data
4.3 Load applied on structure
4.4 Load Combination
4.5 Materials Data
4.6 Analysis Method and Software Used.
5.0 Structural adequacy check
5.1 Adequacy check of Steel Shed
6.0 Conclusion & Recommendation
Attached documents
A2 As-Built Drawing
A3 Retrofitting Drawing

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

ABSTRACT

EXISTING-SINGLE STORIED STEEL SHEDS FOR CANTEEN & GARBAGE for VANCOT LIMITED is used for
production purpose. The factory was visited by ACCORD and the report was published in 17th June, 2014.

We performed engineering assessment and the following observations have been found.

1. As built drawing has been prepared by site investigations of various members.


2. Several members of Steel sheds are inadequate. Inadequate members are proposed to
strengthen.
3. Retrofitting drawing has been provided.

A detailed calculation and analysis has been described in the rest of the report.

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

1.0) INTRODUCTION
The existing single-storied steel sheds for VANCOT LIMITED located at Chittagong has been
re-analyzed for different loading conditions & different load combinations according to Accord
code. This report summarizes the analysis and design related data which indicates whether the
shed is safe or not in current loading condition. In addition to these, the report recommends the
remedial measures and actions (if required) for the structural defects.

2.0) SCOPE OF WORK

The design work of this Project has been carried out following the design criteria and
ACCORD Code. The scope of the work is as follows-

 Prepare As-Built Drawing.


 Analysis & comments on existing structure
 Prepare retrofitting drawing if required.

3.0) WORK METHEDOLOGY


Based on the supplied Architectural & as-built Drawing, field measurement we, DESIGN &
DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION (DDS)” developed a computer analysis model and carried out
complete analysis of the structure incorporating various design data as per Accord Code. Loading
values is considered as prescribed in ACCORD. Strength parameter of steel is considered 36ksi.
The results obtained from computer model analysis were checked against relevant specifications
and hand calculations. Finally, the design data is compared with the As Built drawing of this
structure. If it is satisfied then the structure is safe and sound, otherwise additional treatment is
provided for further uses.

4.0) STRUCTURAL DESIGN CONCEPT & CRITERIA


The structural element has been designed and considering the following criteria.

4.1) CODES AND STANDARDS

1) Accord Bangladesh Ltd.


2) American Institute of steel construction (AISC)
3) American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM)

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

4.2) GENERAL LOAD DATA

Dead Load:
Dead load is the vertical load due to the self-weight of the permanent structural and non-
structural component of a building, e.g. Foundation, column, rafters, deck, steel joists,
purlins, walls, ceilings, permanent partitions and fixed service equipment.

Unit weight of materials and the calculation of design dead loads are according to section-
2.2, Chapter-2, part-6, BNBC-Page6-22

Live Load:
Live load is the load superimposed by the use or occupancy of the building not including the
environmental loads such as wind load, rain load, earthquake load or dead load. (Ref. BNBC,
Part-6, Chapter-2, Sec-2.3.2)

But it should be not less than the minimum floor live load. (Ref. BNBC, Part-6, Chapter-2,
Sec-2.3.3)

Wind Load:
The calculation of wind load confirms the sub-clause 2.4, Chapter 2, Part-6 of BNBC. The
following equation has been used to calculate sustained wind pressure of the structure.

Pz=CgCpCcCiCzVb2 [BNBC, 2.4.6.2, 2.4.6.3 Page-6-33, 6-34]


Wind load was applied in two orthogonal directions X and Y.

Earth quake Load:


As per specifications of BNBC, Part-6, Chapter-2, section-2.5.51, Equivalent Static Force
Method can be applied to calculate the earth quake force of this structure.
Design Base Shear, V=ZICW/R (Ref. Sec2.5.6.1, Chapter-2, Part-6, BNBC)

Where,
Z=Seismic Zone coefficient factor,
I=Importance factor,
C=Numerical Co-efficient,
R=Response Modification factor,

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

4.3) LOAD APPLIED ON STRUCTURE

Dead Load:
i. Self-weight of structure.

Live Load:
i. Live load on roof=20 psf
Wind Load:
i. Basic wind speed, Vb=260 Km/h
ii. Exposure Type=A
iii. Importance factor, I=1.0

Wind load was applied in two orthogonal directions X and Z.

Seismic Load:
i. Seismic Zone coefficient factor, Z=0.15( Zone-02)
ii. Importance factor, I = 1.0
iii. Response Modification factor, R=6
iv. Site co-efficient, S=1.5

Earth quake load was applied in two orthogonal directions X & Z.

Along Z- direction (for worker’s canteen)


Select your Location
Chittagong 260

Building Dimension Data


64.3
B 2 Feet
44.0
L 1 Feet
49.1
Height (h) 3 Feet
Roof slope 5 degree

47.2
*10^
Cc -6
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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

Ci 1
0.62
4
Cz

Exposure
Category A
1.99
qz 1

1.41
Cg 8
2.82
Pz 3238 Cpe

Winward wall
Pressure 46.9335 Psf
Leeward Wall
Pressure -34.626 Psf
Side wall
Pressure -41.067 Psf

1.11
6337
h/l 2
theta 5 THETA 1 THETA 1
0 10
h/L 1 1 -0.7 -0.9
h/L 2 1.5 -0.7 -0.9
-
1.11 0
6337 .
OUR H/L 2 -0.7 -0.9 8
-
46.9
Winward roof 3 Psf
-
41.0
Leeward Roof 7 Psf
cpe(parallel
h/b 1.12 to ridge)
0.7
Parallel to
ridge Pressure 41.0668 Psf

-7-|Page
Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

Along X- direction (Garbage)

Select your Location


Chittago
ng 260

Building Dimension Data


B 24.81 Feet
L 46.53 Feet
Height
(h) 15.42 Feet

Roof
Slope 4 degree

47.2*10
Cc ^-6
Ci 1
Cz 0.374
Exposure
Category A
qz 1.193

Cg 1.646
1.96367
Pz 8 Cpe

Winward
wall
Pressure 32.6442 Psf
Leeward
Wall
Pressure -13.258 Psf
Side wall
Pressure -28.564 Psf

0.33139
h/l 91
THE
theta 4 THETA 1 TA 1
0 10
h/L 1 1 -0.7 -0.9
h/L 2 1.5 -0.7 -0.9
OUR H/L 0.33139 -0.7 -0.9 -

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

91 0.
78
theta 4
Winward
roof -31.83 Psf
Leeward
Roof -28.56 Psf
Cpe(parallel
h/b 0.33 to ridge)
0.7
Parallel to ridge
Pressure 28.5637 Psf

4.4 LOAD COMBINATION:

4.4.1 Load Symbol


a) DL = Dead Load ~ self-weight of structure , roof sheet & purlin weight, checker plate
weight
b) WL = Wind Load
c) LF=Floor Live Load
d) EQ = Earthquake Load

4.4.2 Load Combination (Load Resistance Factor Design, LRFD)


 (-)

 1.2DL+0.5LR+1.3WZ(+)
 1.2DL+0.5LR+1.3WZ(-)
 1.2DL+1.5EQX(+)
 1.2DL+1.5EQX(-)
 1.2DL+1.5EQZ(+)
 1.2DL+1.5EQZ(-)

4.5 Material Data


The following strength parameter is considered for assessment of building:

SL/No Strength
01 Flexural strength of Steel Section 36,000 Psi

4.6) METHOD OF ANALYSIS AND SOFTWARE USED:


We used 3D computer modeling of existing structure to simulate the effect of Dead Load,
Live Load, Wind and Earthquake load.

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

We used STAAD Pro V8i for analysis

5.0 ADEQUACY CHECK:

5.1 Adequacy Check Of Steel Shed

Member Adequacy check (EXISTING CONDITION)


UNITY CHECK OF STEEL COLUMN OF DINING ROOM:

Fig: Unity Check of Column of Dining room in present condition

Fig: Unity Check of Column of Dining room in retrofitted condition

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

UNITY CHECK OF STEEL COLUMN OF GARBAGE:

Fig: Unity Check of Column of Garbage in present condition

Fig: Unity Check of Column of Garbage in retrofitted condition

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

Member Adequacy check (BEFORE RETROFITTING)

Fig: Truss Member Unity Check of Dining room in present condition

Fig: Truss Member Unity Check of Dining room in Retrofitted condition

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

Fig: Truss Member Unity Check of Garbage in present condition

Fig: Truss Member Unity Check of Garbage in Retrofitted condition

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

6.0 Conclusion & Recommendation:

1. As built drawing has been prepared by site investigations of various members.


2. For truss shed several members are inadequate. Inadequate members are proposed to
strengthen.
3. Retrofitting drawing has been provided.

Thanking You

Engr. Abdul Quddus


B.Sc. Engg(Civil, BUET),
DMINB/CE-0231
MIEB-21384
CEO & Structural Designer
DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION

Attachments:

1. Quality control certificate


2. Retrofitting time schedule
3. General precautions & worker safety during retrofitting.
4. Construction sequences of retrofitting
5. Company profile
6. As-Built drawing
7. Retrofitting drawing

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS & WORKER SAFETY DURING


RETROFITTING.

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS & WORKER SAFETY DURING


RETROFITTING.

Precautions before and during retrofitting shall be as follows:

1. Precautions must be taken before and during retrofitting in accordance with a 2601-2001, 'the
retrofitting of structures'.

2. The retrofitting shall not be commenced until precautionary measures have been inspected
and approved. it is advisable to inform adjoining neighbors prior to the retrofitting so that they may
close windows or take other measures.

3. Before retrofitting is commenced and also during the progress of such work, all electric cables or
apparatus which are liable to be a source of danger, other than a cable or apparatus used for the
retrofitting works shall be disconnected.

4. During the progress of retrofitting, the work shall be under the continuous supervision of
engineer or of an experienced foreman.

5. All practicable precautions shall be taken to avoid danger from collapse of a building when
any part of a framed or partly framed building is removed.

6. Any asbestos present on the site should be removed in accordance with the occupational
health and safety (asbestos) regulations.

7. When the retrofitting site adjoins a street or public walkway, a 2.4 meter high solid hoarding
shall be erected on the street boundary unless the building is setback at least twice its height
from the street boundary, in which case a security fence having a minimum height of 1.5 meters
may be utilized. notices lettered in accordance with as1319, displaying the words “warning
retrofitting in progress” to be fixed to the hoarding or security fence.

8. When the site adjoins a footpath or public thoroughfare in addition to hoarding required by clause
1.5.1.5 of as2601-2001, the footpath shall be covered by an overhead protective structure unless
the vertical height above the footpath is less than four meters or the least horizontal distance
between footpath and the nearest part of the structure is greater than half the height of the
structure. (it should be noted that regulation 604(4) requires the consent and report of the
relevant council be obtained before a building permit is issued which requires the erection of
safety precautions over the road reserve).

9. Demolished material shall not be allowed to remain on any floor or structure if the weight of the
material exceeds the safe carrying capacity of the floor or structure and such material shall be so
piled or stacked that it will not endanger workmen or other persons, and shall be removed as
soon as practicable from the site unless otherwise authorized by the building surveyor.

10. Dust creating material, unless thoroughly dampened shall not be thrown or dropped from
the building but shall be lowered by hoisting apparatus or removed by material chutes.

11. Chutes shall be completely enclosed and a danger sign shall be placed at the discharge
end of every chute.
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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

12. No part of any external wall on or within three meters of a street alignment shall be pulled
down except during the hours of 7.00am-6.00pm official days or 9.00am-6.00pm weekends and
public holidays, unless directed by the building surveyor.

13. Protective outriggers shall be installed where necessary to guard against danger to life or property
or when required by the building surveyor.

14. Upon completion of the work, notification shall be given to the building surveyor that the
work has been completed satisfactorily.

15. No bulk excavation or leveling of the site forms part of this retrofitting permit.

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCES OF RETROFITTING

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Lane #23, House-#160, Ground Floor, New DOHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206,
Mobile: +8801718612966,
E-mail: quddus_ce@yahoo.com
Web: www.ddslt.com

CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCES OF RETROFITTING:

1). The contractor shall verify all dimensions, elevations, and site conditions
before starting work and the engineer/ architect shall be immediately notified, in writing,
of any discrepancies. in no case shall dimensions be scaled from plans, sections, or details on
the structural drawings.

2). The contractor shall determine the location of utility services in the area to
be excavated, before beginning excavation

3). The contractor shall assume sole & complete responsibility for job site
conditions during the course of construction of this project, including safety of all persons and
property. this requirement shall apply continuously & not be limited to normal working
hours. The contractor shall defend, indemnify, and hold the engineer free and harmless
from all claims, demands and all liability, real or alleged, in connection with the
performance of work on this project, except for liability arising from the sole negligence of
the engineer

4). Retain a registered civil engineer to design all temporary bracing, shoring, and
support required during construction.

5). All welding shall be done by the flux-core process using approved electrodes per
AWS specification e60xx (low hydrogen electrodes). Welding shall conform to the latest edition
of AWS D1.1 or is 800 and shall be performed by certified welders qualified under the
procedures contained therein

6). Welds identified as requiring continuous or periodic special inspection need not
have special inspection when the welding is done in an approved fabricator's shop. However,
the approved fabricator must submit a certificate of compliance in accordance with IBC section
1704.2.2

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