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Gradele de comparatie ale adverbelor in engleza

A) Gradul comparativ al adverbelor in limba engleza

Comparativul de superioritate al adverbelor in engleza se formeaza cu ajutorul:

- sufixului –er in cazul adverbelor monosilabice (si a adverbului early):


fast -> faster (repede -> mai repede)
early -> earlier (devreme -> mai devreme)

- cuvantului more in cazul adverbelor bi- si plurisilabice:


quickly -> more quickly (rapid -> mai rapid)
carefully -> more carefully (cu atentie -> cu mai mare atentie)

Comparativul de egalitate al adverbelor in engleza se formeaza cu ajutorul lui as…


as:
She plays piano as beautifully as her mother. (Canta la pian la fel de frumos ca si mama
sa).
Comparativul de inferioritate al adverbelor in engleza se formeaza cu ajutorul lui
not so/as..as sau less … than:

She doesn't read as well as her classmates. (Nu citeste la fel de bine ca si colegii ei de
clasa.)
He is less carefully than his wife. (El este mai putin grijuliu decat nevasta sa.)

B) Gradul superlativ al adverbelor in engleza


Superlativul absolut se formeaza cu ajutorul unor adverbe ca very (foarte), quite
(destul de), most (cel mai) Aceste adverbe preced adverbul respectiv:

She writes most beautifully.


She writes very beautifully.
She writes quite beautifully.

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Superlativul relativ de superioritate este exprimat prin:
- (the) (adverb)+est in cazul adverbelor monosilabice si a adverbului early:
He runs (the) fastest (of all). (El fuge cel mai repede (dintre toti)).

- (the) most + adverb in cazul adverbelor bi- si plurisilabice:


He answers (the) most intelligently. (El raspunde cel mai intelligent).

Superlativul relativ de inferioritate este exprimat prin (the) least + adverb:


We do everything we want but more carefully. (Noi facem tot ce vrem dar cu o mai
mare atentie.)
She speaks Italian as fluently as her brother. (Vorbeste italiana la fel de fluent ca si
fratele ei.)

Comparatia adverbelor apare numai la unele adverbe de mod, loc si imp. Ea are
aceleasi caracteristici ca si comparatia adjectivului.

Comparatia neregulata a adverbelor in limba engleza


In limba engleza exista adverbe care formeaza gradele de comparative in mod
neregulat, adica isi schimba radacina in momentul in care intra in structura unor
grade de comparatie.