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# TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING

Nov.2018
TRANSPORTAIXX CilGDIEER!ilG hom the center of the ctl've t the crrrye h6 an irnpad fador ot
INSTRUCTION: Select the coned anslrer for each of the fo,lowing questions. 0.25.
Mark onlv one answer for each item by shading the box conesponding to the
a. 18.25 kN c. 1'1.25 kN
letter of your choice on the answer sheet provided. STRICTLY NO b. 22.50 kN d. 16.88 kN
EMSURES ALLOWED. Use pencil no. '1 only.
15 An old curve is to be improved to accommodate a design speed
rruLTIPLE qHOI,CE of 100 kph. lf the superelevation is 0.08 and the crefficient ot
friction is 0.10, what is the required degree of the curve?
. Tratfic a 2-62" c. 2.25
b, 2.86' d. 2.4it'
Situation 1: From the following data of a freeway surveillanc , ,,6
there are 5 vehicles travelling distiances "S" when Determine the superclevation of a oJrved road of 385 m radius
observed on the two photographs taken every 2 designed for a maximum speed of 90 kph if the coeftcient of
seconds apart, ftiction is 0.10?
a 0.033 c.0.055
Vehicles I "S"{meters} b. 0.044 d.0.066
1 244
? 188 Sight Oistance
3i?17
4 26.9 9. Find tne lengfi of shd rnark rf tfie average skd rc$sAnce is 0.15 5 22.6 and the velocity of the car when the brakes were applied was 40 kph. 1. Determtne the space mean speed. a. 41.95 m c. 38.05 m a 39.64 kph c. 42.26 kph b 40.37 m d. 36.22 m b 41.65 kph d. 55.58 kph 2. A car travelling at 70 kph requires 48 m to stop after brakes have 2. Determine the flow ol lratfic. been applied. l ffrdt average coefncient of the ftiction was a. I,t)oO Y€tritr c. A.s0ovrfirht devdo@ betwn the liresard tfte pav€rne.d? b. 9,5ft, vehlhr d. 9,06) vefilhr e. A25 c. O.4O b. 0.30 d. 0.35 3. Determine the density of traffic 1 0. Flnd the total distance that a car had travelled from the Ume the a. 216.08 veh/km c. 161.93 veh/km driver saw the ha"ard when he was travelling at 75 kph. b. 227.U vehlkm d. 2'12.95 veh/km Perception-reaction tjme is 2 seconds and the average skid resistance is 0.60 kph. Assume that the car has an efficiency of 80%. Situation 2: The peak hour factor (PHF) during rush hour along EDSA -rs O-90. The highest lmirule wlune is 250 a. 89.63 m c. 83-45 m vehides ard fie qpace nEn speedts 90 kph b. 78$tm d. S1.75 m
4. Determine the now of trafnc. 'l. A descending gmde ot -2% meets an ascending grade of +3% in
a. 3,600 veh/hr c.
4,500 vehihr
1

## a vertlcal sag parabolic curve. Compute the length of the cuNe if

b. 2,7OO vehlhr d.
3,200 veh/hr
the sight distance is 178 m.
5. Determine the traffic density.
a. 212.il m c. 190.32 m
a. 20 veh/km c. 25 veh/km
b. 183.11 m d. 163.90 m
b. 45 veh/tn d. 30 veh/km

6
/
D€tefrnifieEtespacirqgof\ref*i6
Situation 4: The lengith of a sag parabolic curve is 130 m with a
de*fr spGd of 1OO Hi. The bad( taqent has a
a 33.33 m c- 40.00 m
doped-2.5$16. b 50.0 m d. 22.22 m 28. Determine the slope of the forward tangent a. 6.320/0 c. 3.650,6 r Accident Rates b. 5.14o/o d. 2.640/o 29. Determine lhe distance of the lowest point of the curve from the 7. Determine the average daily traffic entering the intersection if the PC. accident rate is 5,000 per MEV if the totial accidents occurred a. 29.52m c. 47.58 m during a ten-year period is 3,000. b- 63.29 m d. 75.41 m a 274 c- 378 b 3&5 d- r&5 30. *te!],,,ine$7€ lerylh d he siglrl dis,an€€.
a. 115.38 m c. 175.42 m
Situation 3: The table below shows reported accidents for a 1 0- b. 138.25 m d. '150.23 m
mile highw"y s€ction of th€ Diosdado Macapagal
boulevard. Pavement
Year Average Prcperty lnjury FAUII
Daitv Traffic Damaoe Accidents Accidents
' Situation 5: A rigid pavement is to be constructed to carry a wheel
2000 20.500 165 40 5
load of 50 kN. The allowable tensile stress of mncrete
2001 &800 15t) It5 5 is 1-4t) [/Pa.
2m.2 23.sff) 170 50 10
2003 24.000 170 45 16 31. Find the thickness of the pavement if the effect of dowels is
2004 25.500 160 60 19 neglected.
a. 188.98 mm c. 327.33 mm
Compute the severity ratio. b 231.45 mm d 163.66 mm
a 0.322 c. 0.450
b 0.1 23 d. 0.266 32. if dowels are used across the ioints, find the thickness of the
pavement when the wheel load is placed at the edge of the
Compute lhe accident rate for injury acrjdents in Ht{vhil paveflEnt.
a. 63.31 c.
88-95 a. 188.98 rnrn c- 32,33 nm
b. 56.92 d.
52.89 b. 231.46 mm d. 163.66 mm

## 10 Compute the accident rate in HMVM

33. lf dowels are used across the joints, find the thickness of the
pavement when the wheel load is placed at the center of the
a. 263.30 c. 888.96
Pavement. "
b. 356.82 d. 557.89 a. 188.98 mm c. 327.33 mm
b. 231.46 mm d. 163.66 mm
Banking of Curves
17 . e{ennfi}e E e exF }sEn pressrrretfBt a 6gS{E I} pa\renEnt can

## 12. Determine the im Fd b&t

far a higtn€y arrve having a radius
sustain if lhe average pavemert Oersity ts 2.5)O retffi.
of 600 m and a maximum speed of 100 kph.
a. 1,800 kg/mm2 c. 1,700 L\$mm2
a. 0.13 0.37 c. b. 1,500 kg/mmz d. 1,600 kg/mm2
b 0.26 0-42 d. 18. The stiffn€ss faclor of a pavefilent and the subgrade is 0.45. The
't3. modulus of elasticrty of the subgrade is 120 kg/cm2. Determine the
Determine the maximum velocity that a car could run around a
modulus of elasticity of fle pavement.
5" curve if the impad factor is 0.14. Neglect ftiction between the
tires and the pavement.
a. 1,317 kg/on2 c. 1,536 klcm2
a. e2.77r€}l. c'
6:l.87kph b. 1.265hqrcnf d. 1,4%ksffi
b. 78.3s kph d.
7z&kph
14 A car having a gross weight of45 kN is moving at a certain design
speed along a highway curve. Neglecting friction between the tires
and the pavement, find the torce that will tend to pull the car away