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Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding

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AWS

A505

96 W

Key Words- Low-alloy steel, steel covered electrode, shielded metal arc welding

07842b5

~

0505623

4b4 W

ANSI/AWS A5.5-96 An American National Standard

Approved by American National Standards Institute January 12,1996

Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding

SupersedesAWS A5.5-81

Prepared by AWS Committee on Filler Metal

Under the Direction of AWS Technical Activities Committee

Approved by AWS Board of Directors

Abstract

This specification gives the requirements for classification of low-alloy steel covered electrodes used for shielded metal arc welding. The requirements include chemical composition and mechanical properties of weld metal, weld metal soundness, usability tests of electrodes, and moisture tests of the low-hydrogen electrode covering. Requirements for standard sizes and lengths, marking, manufacturing,and packaging are also included. Optional supplemental requirements includetests for absorbed moisturein the electrode covering and for diffusible hydrogen in the weld metal.

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American WeldingSociety

550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami,Florida 33126

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~~

AWS

A5.5

96 W

D78Y2b5

0505b22 3T0 m

Statement on Use of AWS Standards

All standards (codes, specifications, recommended practices, methods, classifications, and guides) of the American Welding Society are voluntary consensus standards that have been developed in accordance with the rules of the American National Standards Institute. When AWSstandards are either incorporated in, or made part of, documents that are included in federal or state laws and regulations, or the regulations of other governmental bodies, their provisions carry the full legal authority of the statute. In such cases, any changes in those AWS standards must be approved by the governmental body having statutory jurisdiction before they can become a part of those laws and regulations. In all cases, these standards carry the full legal authority of the contract or other document that invokes the AWS standards. Where this contractual relationship exists, changes in or deviations from requirements of an AWS standard must be by agreement between the contracting parties.

International Standard Book Number: 0-87 171-452-3

American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, Florida 33126

O 1996 by American Welding Society. All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America

Note: The primary purpose of AWS is to serve and benefit its members. To this end, AWS provides a forum for the

the

consensus of which forms the basis for these standards. By providing such a forum, AWS does not assume any duties to which a user of these standards may be required to adhere. By publishing this standard, the American Welding Society does not insure anyone using the information it contains against any liability arising from that use. Publication of a standard by the American Welding Society does not carry with it any right to make,use, or sell any patented items. Users

of the information in this standard should make an independent, substantiating investigation of the validity of that information for their particular use and the patent status of any item referred to herein.

With regard to technical inquiries made concerning AWS standards, oral opinions on AWS standards may be rendered. However, such opinions represent only the personal opinions of the particular individuals giving them. These individu- als do not speak on behalf of AWS, nor do these oral opinions constitute official or unofficial opinions or interpretations of AWS. In addition, oral opinions are informal and should not be used as a substitute for an official interpretation.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by the AWS Filler Metal Committee. It mustbe reviewed every five years and if not revised, it must be either reapproved or withdrawn. Comments (recommendations, additions, or deletions) and any pertinent data that may be of use in improving this standard are requested and should be addressed to AWS Headquarters. Such comments will receive careful consideration by the AWS Filler Metal Committee and the author of the comments will be informed of the Committee’s response to the comments. Guests are invited to attend all meetings of the AWS Filler Metal Committee to express their comments verbally. Procedures for appeal of an adverse decision concerning all such comments are provided in the Rules of Operation of the Technical Activities Committee. A copy of these Rules can be obtained from the American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, Florida 33126.

exchange, consideration, and discussion of ideas and proposals that are relevant to the welding industry and

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Personnel

AWS Committee on Filler Metal

D. J. Kotecki, Chairman R. A. LaFave, 1st Vice Chairman J. P. Hunt, 2nd Vice Chairman

J. C. Meyers, Secretary

The LincolnElectric Company Elliott Company Inco AlloysInternational, Incorporated

American Welding Society

B.

E. Anderson

Alcotec Wire Company

R.

L.

Buteman"

ElectromanufacturasS A

R. A. Bonneau

US Army Research Laboratory

 

R. S. Brown

Carpenter Technology Corporation

R.

A. Bushey

ESAB Group, Incorporated

J. Caprarola, Jr.

L. J. Christensen" R. J. Christoffel

D. J. Crement

D. D. Crockett

R. A. Daemen

D. A. DelSignore

H. W. Ebert

J. G. Feldstein

Consultant

Consultant

Consultant

Precision Components Corporation

The LincolnElectric Company

Hobart Brothers Company

Westinghouse Electric Corporation Exxon Research and Engineering Company Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation

S.

E.

Ferree

ESAB Group, Incorporated

D.

A. Fink

The Lincoln Electric Company

C. E. Fuerstenau

G. A. Hallstrom, Jr. R. L. Harris* D. C. Helton W. S. Howes

R. W. Jud

R. B. Kadiyalu

N. E. Lurson A. S. Laurenson G. H. MucShune

L. A. Ring Service Hallstrom Consultants R. L. Harris Associates Consultant National Electrical Manufacturers Association

Chrysler Corporation

Techalloy Company Praxair, Incorporated Consultant MAC Associates

R.

Menon

Stoody Company

M.

T. Merlo

Consultant

S. J. Merrick

McKay Welding Products

A.

R. Mertes

Ampco Metal, Incorporated

J.

W. Mortimer, II

C. L. Null

Y. Ogata" J. J. Payne

R. L. Peaslee

E. W. Pickering, Jr.

M. A. Quintana H. F. Reid*

S. D. Reynolds, Jr."

*Advisor

**Deceased

L. F. Roberts

Rozet**

D.

Consultant

Department of the Navy Kobe Steel Ltd. - Welding Division SSI Services, Incorporated

Wall Colmonoy Corporation

Consultant General Dynamics Corporation Consultant Westinghouse Electric, PGBU

Canadian Welding Bureau

Consultant

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111

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AWS Committee onFiller Metal (continued)

P. K. Salvesen

O. W. Seth

W. S. Severance

W. A. Shopp*

M. S. Sierdzinski

R. G. Sim*

R. W.Straiton"

R. A. Sulit

R. D. Sutton R. A. Swain

J. W. Tackett

R. D. Thomas, Jr. R. Timerman"

Det Norske Veritas (DNV) Chicago Bridgeand Iron Company ESAB Group, Incorporated Consultant ESAB Group, Incorporated

Lincoln Electric Company (Australia)

Bechtel Corporation

Sulit Engineering ESAB Group, Incorporated Thyssen Welding Products

Consultant R. D. Thomas and Company Conarco, S. A.

R.

T. Webster**

Consultant

H.

D. Wehr

Arcos Alloys

A.

E. Wiehe*

Consultant

W.

L.

Wileox*

Consultant

F.

J.

Winsor*

Consultant

K. G. Wold

Siemens Power Corporation

AWS Subcommittee on Carbon and Low-Alloy SteelElectrodes and Rodsfor Shielded Metal Arc and Oxyfuel Gas Welding

M. S. Sierdzinski, Chairman M. A. Quintana, Vice Chairman J. C. Meyers, Secretary

J. R. Chylik L. I. Dia-Toolan H. W. Ebert G. L. Franke A. L. Gombach

K. K. Gupta

R. B. Kadiyala

D. J. Kotecki, Ex Officio

E.

R. A. LaFave G. A. Leclair

A. H. Miller*

Ogata*

M. P. Parekh

J. J. Payne W. Pickering, Jr.

L. J. Privoznik H. F. Reid"

L. F. Roberts

Y.

D. Rozet**

P. K. Salvesen

ESAB Group, Incorporated General Dynamics Corporation American Welding Society The Lincoln Electric Company

Consultant Exxon Research and Engineering Company Carderock Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center Champion Welding Products Incorporated

Westinghouse Machinery TechnologyDivision

Techalloy Company The Lincoln Electric Company Elliott Company Consultant

Defense Industrial Supply Center Kobe Steel Ltd. - Welding Division Hobart Brothers Company SSI Services, Incorporated Consultant Consultant Consultant

Canadian WeldingBureau Consultant Det Norske Veritas (DNV)

J.

E.

Snyder

McKay Welding Products

R.

A. Swain

Thyssen Welding Products

R. D. Thomas, Jr.*

R.

D. Thomas and Company

R.

Timerman*

Conarco SA

Newport News Shipbuilding

G. J. Vytanovych D. T. Wallace

A. E. Wiehe*

Mobil Research and Development Corporation

Consultant

W. L. Wilcox

Consultant

*Advisor

**Deceased

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iv

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AWS

~

A5.5

96

0784265 0505625 ÖOT W

Foreword

(This Forewordis nota part of ANSIIAWS A5.5-96,Specifcation

Arc Welding, but is included for

information purposesonly.)

forLow-Alloy Steel Electrodesfor Shielded Metal

This specification is the latest revision of oneof the earlier filler metal specifications. The initial 1948 document and the three subsequent revisions were preparedby a joint committeeof the American Society for Testing and Materials and the AmericanWelding Society. These documentscarried a dualASTM and AWSdesignation. The 1969revision of this specification was thefirst to be issued without the ASTM designation. An Addenda tothe 1969 revisedspecification was issued in 1977. The 1981 revision was the first to be issued as a combination ANSUAWS standard. The current document is the sixth revision of this very popular specification and the third prepared entirely by the AWS Filler Metal Committee.

Document Development

ASTM A316-48TTentative

AWSA5.5-48T

ASTM A316-54TTentative

AWSA5.5-54Tand Low-Alloy Steel Covered Arc-Welding Electrodes

Specifications for Low-Alloy Steel Arc-WeldingElectrodes

Specifications for High Tensile

AWSA5.5-58T

Tentative Specification for Low-Alloy

ASTM A316-58T

Steel CoveredArc-WeldingElectrodes

AWS A5.5-64T

Tentative Specification for Low-Alloy

ASTM A316-64T

Steel Covered Arc-Welding Electrodes

AWSA5.5-69

Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Covered

ANSI W351973

Arc-WeldingElectrodes

AWSA5.5-69

1977Addendato

Specification for Low Alloy

Add.,1-77

Steel CoveredArc-WeldingElectrodes

ANSUAWS A5.5-81 Specification for Low Alloy Steel Covered Arc Welding Electrodes

Comments and suggestions for the improvement of this standard are welcome. They should be sent to the Managing

I Director, TechnicalServices

Division, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeuneRoad,Miami,Florida33126.

Official interpretations of any ofthe technical requirements of this standard may be obtained by sending a request, in writing, to the Secretary, AWS Filler Metal Committee, AmericanWelding Society. A formalreply will be issued after it has been reviewed by the appropriate personnel followingestablished procedures.

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V

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Table of Contents

Page No.

 

Personnel

111

Foreword

v

List of Tables

vii

List of Figures

vii

1.

Scope

1

Part A - General Requirements

2.

Classification

1

3. Acceptance

1

4.

Certification

1

5. Units of Measure and Rounding-Off Procedure

1

Part B - Tests, Procedures. and Requirements

6.

Summary of Tests

7

7.

Retest

7

8.

Weld Test Assemblies

10

9.

Chemical Analysis

13

10.

Radiographic Test

13

11.

Tension Test

20

12.

Impact Test

20

13.

Fillet Weld Test

20

14.

Moisture Test

23

15.

Absorbed Moisture Test

26

16.

Diffusible Hydrogen Test

29

Part C .Manufacture. Identification. and Packaging

17.

Method of Manufacture

29

18.

Standard Sizes and Lengths

29

19.

Core Wire and Covering

30

20. Exposed Core

30

21 . Electrode Identification

30

22. Packaging

32

23. Marking of Packages

32

Annex - Guide toAWS Specificationfor Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding

Al .

Introduction

33

A2.

Classification System

33

A3.

Acceptance

35

A4.

Certification

35

A5.

Ventilation During Welding

35

A6.

Welding Considerations

35

A7.

Description and Intended Use of Electrodes

38

A8.

Modification of Moisture Test Apparatus

41

A9.

Special Tests

42

A10. Discontinued Classifications

42

Al 1. Safety Considerations

44

AWS Filler Metal Specificationsand Related Documents

Copyright American Welding Society Provided by IHS under license with AWS No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

vi

Not for Resale

Inside Back Cover

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Table

List of Tables

Page No.

1

Electrode Classification

2

2

Chemical Composition Requirementsfor Undiluted Weld Metal

3

3

Tension Test Requirements

6

4

Charpy V-Notch Impact Requirements

8

5

Required Tests

9

6

Base Metal for Weld Test Assemblies

16

7

Preheat, Interpass. and PostweidHeat Treatment Temperatures

16

8

Requirements for Preparation of Fillet Weld Test Assemblies

19

9

Radiographic Soundness Requirements

23

10

Dimensional Requirementsfor Fillet Weld Usability Test Specimens

26

11

Moisture Content Limitsin Electrode Coverings

27

12

Diffusible Hydrogen Requirementsfor Weld Metal and Optional Supplemental Designators

29

13

Standard Sizes and Lengths

30

Al

Typical

Storageand Drying Conditionsfor Covered Arc Welding Electrodes

38

A2

Typical Amperage Ranges

39

A3

Typical Base Metal Applicationsfor Cr-Mo Steel Electrodes

40

A4

Discontinued

.

ElectrodeClassifications

43

Figure

List of Figures

Page No.

1

Pad for Chemical Analysisof Undiluted Weld Metal

11

2

Groove Weld Test Assembly for Mechanical Properties and Soundness of Weld Metal Produced by Using All Electrode Classifications Except EXXl8M(1) 12

3

Fillet Weld Test Assembly

14

4

Groove Weld Test Assembly for Mechanical Properties and Soundness of Weld Metal Produced by Using EXXl8M( 1)

15

5

Welding Positions for Fillet Weld Test Assemblies

19

6

Radiographic Acceptance Standardsfor Rounded Indications (Grade 1 and 2)

21

7

All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Specimen Dimensions

24

8

Charpy V-Notch Impact Test Specimen

24

9

Dimensions of Fillet Welds

25

10 Alternate Methods for Facilitating Fracture of the Fillet Weld

26

11 Schematic of Train

for Moisture Determination

28

12

Order of Electrode Mandatoryand Optional Supplemental Designators

31

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Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding

1. Scope

This specification prescribes requirements for the classification of low-alloy steel electrodes for shielded metal arc welding of carbon and low-alloy steels. These electrodes include steel alloys in which no single alloy- ing element exceeds 10.5 percent.

Part A General Requirements

2. Classification

2.1 The welding electrodes covered by this specification are classified accordingto the following:

(1) Type of current (Table 1)

(2)

Type of covering (Table 1)

(3) Welding position (Table 1) (4)Chemical composition of the weld metal (Table 2) (5) Mechanical properties of the weld metal in the as- welded or postweld heat-treated condition (Tables3 and 4)

2.2 Material classified under one classification shall not

~ be classified underany other classification inthis specification.

3. Acceptance

Acceptance’ of the welding electrode shall be in accordancewith the provisions of the ANSUAWS A5.01, Filler Metal Procurement Guidelines.2

1. See Section A3, Acceptance (in the Annex),for further infor- mation concerning acceptance, testing of the material shipped,

and ANSYAWS A5.01, Filler Metal Procurement Guidelines.

2. AWS standards can be obtained from the American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, Florida 33126.

Copyright American Welding Society Provided by IHS under license with AWS No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

4. Certification

By affixing the AWS specification and classification designations to the packaging, or the classification to the product, the manufacturercertifies that the product meets the requirementsof this spe~ification.~

5. Units of Measure and Rounding- Off Procedure

5.1 U.S. customary units are the standard units of mea-

sure in this specification. The SI units are given as equiv- alent values to the U.S. customary units. The standard

sizes and dimensions in the two

and for this reason conversion from a standard size or dimension in one systemwill not always coincidewith a standard size or dimension in the other. Suitable conver- sions, encompassing standardsizes of both, can be made, however, if appropriate tolerances are applied in each

case.

systemsare not identical

5.2 For the purposeof determining conformance with this

specification, an observed or calculated value shall be rounded “to the nearest unit” in the last right-hand place of figures used in expressing the limiting value in accordance with the rounding-off rules given in ASTM E29, Stan- dard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Datato Determine Conformance with Specifications.“

3. See Section A4, Certification (in the Annex), for further

information concerning certification and the testing called for to meet this requirement. 4. ASTM standards can be obtained from ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken,PA 19428-2959.

1

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2

AWS

A5.5

96

0784265 0505629 755

Table 1 Electrode Classification

 

AWS Classification

E7010-X

E701 -X1

E7015-Xdpe

E7016-Xdse

E7018-Xdse

ide

High-iron E7020-X

ide,

High-iron

E7027-X

 

E8010-X

E8011-G

E8013-G

E8015-Xde

E8016-Xde

E8018-Xd.e

E90 O-G1

E9011-G

E9013-G

E9015-Xd*e

E9016-Xdse

E9018-Xdse

5pe Classificationbof Covering

High-cellulose

sodium

High-cellulose

potassium

Low-hydrogen sodium

Low-hydrogen potassium

Low-hydrogen potassium, iron powder

High-cellulose sodium High-cellulose potassium High-titania potassium Low-hydrogen sodium Low-hydrogen potassium

Low-hydrogen potassium, iron powder

High-cellulose sodium High-cellulose potassium High-titania potassium Low-hydrogen sodium

Low-hydrogen potassium Low-hydrogenpotassium,powderiron

EN 18~d.e hydrogen

low powder,

Iron

sodium High-cellulose E10010-G potassium High-cellulose E10011-G

potassium

High-titania

E10013-G

E10015-Xd.e

Low-hydrogen sodium

E10016-Xd9e

Low-hydrogenpotassium

E10018-Xd.C

E10018Md*e

Low-hydrogen potassium, iron powder Iron powder, low hydrogen

E11010-G

High-cellulose sodium

E11011-G

High-cellulose potassium

E11013-G

High-titania potassium

E11015-Gd*C

Low-hydrogen sodium

E11016-Gd*e

Low-hydrogen

potassium

E11018-Gd.C

Low-hydrogen potassium, iron powder

E11018Mdve

Iron powder, low hydrogen

E12010-G

High-cellulose

sodium

E12011-G

High-cellulose

potassium

E12013-G

High-titania potassium

E12015-Gd*e

Low-hydrogen sodium

E12016-Gdse

Low-hydrogenpotassium

E12018-Gd*e

Low-hydrogen potassium, iron powder

E12018Mdse

Iron

Iron

powder, low hydrogen

E12018Mld*C

powder, low hydrogen

Notes:

Welding Positionsfor

5pe of CurrentC

 

F, V, OH,

H

DCEP

F,

V,

OH,

H

ac or DCEP

F, V,

OH, H

DCEP

DCEP

F, V, OH, H

ac or DCEP

F, V, OH, H

ac or DCEP

(

ac or DCEN ac, DCEPor DCEN

 

F, V, OH, H F, V, OH, H

or DCEN ac, DCEPor DCEN

ac or DCEP

F, V, OH, H F, V, OH, H F, V, OH, H F, V, OH, H

ac, DCEPor DCEN DCEP ac or DCEP ac or DCEP

F, V, OH, H

DCEP

F, V, OH, H

ac or DCEP

F, V,OH, H

ac, DCEPor DCEN

F, V, OH, H

DCEP

F, V, OH, H

ac or DCEP

F , V , OH,

H

ac o r DCEP

F , V,

OH, H

DCEP

F , V,

OH, H

DCEP

F,V,

OH, H

ac or JXEP

F, V, OH,

H

ac, DCEPor DCEN

F, V, OH, H

DCEP

F , V, OH,

H

ac or DCEP

F, V, OH,

H

ac or DCEP

F, V, OH,

H

DCEP

F, V, OH, H

DCEP

F, V, OH,

H

ac or DCEP

F,

V, OH,

H

ac, DCEPor DCEN

F, V, OH, H

DCEP

F, V, OH, H

ac orDCEP

F, V,

OH, H

 

ac or DCEP

F, V, OH, H

DCEP

F, V, OH, H

DCEP

F, V, OH, H

ac or DCEP

F, V, OH,

H

ac, DCEPor DCEN

F, V, OH, H

 

DCEP

F ,

V, OH,

DCEP

H

or

ac

F, V, OH, H

ac or DCEP

F, V, OH, H F, V,OH, H

DCEP DCEP

a. The letter suffix“X as used in this table stands for the suffixesAl, BI, B3, etc. (see Table2) and designates the chemical composition of the weld metal. See A2.2.3 for more information on“G” classification.

b. The abbreviations,

V = vertical (for electrodes 3/16 in.(4.8 mm) and under, except5/32 in.(4.0 mm) and underfor classifications EXX15-X, EXX16-X, EXXl8-X), OH =overhead (for electrodes3/16 in. (4.8 mm) and under, except 5/32 in.(4.0mm) and underfor classifications EXXl5-X, EXX16-X, EXXI8-X). c. The term “DCEP” refersto direct current, electrode positive (dc, reverse polarity). The term “DCEN refersto direct current, electrode negative (dc,

F, V, OH, H, and H-fillets indicate the welding position as follows: F

= flat, H = horizontal, H-fillets = horizontal fillets.

straight polarity).

d. Electrodes classified as EXXl5-X, EXX16-X, EXX18-X, or EXXlPM(1) which meet supplemental absorbed moisture requirements in Table 11 may be further identifiedas shown in Table 1I and Figure 12.

e. Electrodes classified as EXXIS-X, EXX16-X, EXX18-X, or EXXISM(1) which produce weld metal that meets the maximum average level of diffusible hydrogen in Table12 may be further identifiedas specified in Table 12 and Figure 12.

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3

Table 2 Chemical Composition Requirementsfor Undiluted Weld Metal

AWS

ClassificationC

E7010-A1

E7011-A1

E7015-A1

E7016-A1

E7018-A1

E7020-A1

E7027-A1

E8016-B1

E8018-B1

E8016-B2

E8018-B2

E7015-B2L

E7016-BZL

E701 8-B2L

E9015-B3

E9016-B3

E9018-B3

E8015-B3L

E8018-B3L

E8015-B4L

E8016-B5

E8015-B6e

E8016-B6e

E8018-B6e

E8015-B6Le

E8016-B6Le

E8018-B6Le

E8015-B7e

E8016-B7e

E8018-B7e

E8015-B7Le

E8016-B7Le

E8018-B7Le

E8015-BSe

E8016-BSe

E8018-BSe

E8015-B8Le

E8016-B8Le

E8018-B8Le

E9015-B9

UNS

Numberd

W17010

0.03

W17011

W17015

W17016 0.03

W17018

0.12

0.03

W17020

0.12

W17027

0.12

C

Mn

Elements

Si

P

wt. Percent a,

S

Ni

Carbon-MolybdenumSteel Electrodes

0.03

0.12 0.40

0.12

0.12

0.03 0.12 0.60

0.03

0.40

0.60

0.60 0.03

0.03

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.60

0.40

0.60 0.03

0.80 0.03

1

.o0 0.03 0.03 0.40

0.03

0.03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Chromium-MolybdenumSteel Electrodes

W51016

W51018

W52016

W52018

0.05-0.12

0.05-0.12

0.05-0.12

0.05-0.12

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

W52115

W52116

W52118

W53015

W53016

W53018

W53115

W5311

8

W53415

W513160.07-0.150.40-0.700.30-0.60

W50215

W50216

W50218

W50205

W50206

W50208

W50315

W50316

W50318

W50305

W50306

W50308

W50415

W50416

W50418

W50405

W50406

W50408

W504250.08-0.13

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

1.o

1.o

1.0

1.o

1.o

1.o

1.o

1.o

1.0

1.o

1.0

1.0

1.o

1.o

1.o

1.o

1.o

1.o

1.25

0.05-0.12

0.05-0.12

0.05-0.12

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05-0.10

0.05-0.10

0.05-0.10

0.90

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05-0.10

0.05-0.10

0.05-0.10

0.90

0.05

0.90

0.05

0.05

0.05-0.10

0.05-0.10

0.05-0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.60

0.80

0.60

0.80

1.00

0.60

0.80

1.o0

0.60

0.80

1.o0

0.80

1.o0

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.30

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.01

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.0 I

(continued)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

1.o

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Not for Resale

Cr

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mo

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

0.40-0.65

1.00-1SO 0.40-0.65

1.W1SO

1.O&l SO

1.W1SO

1.O&l SO

2.00-2.50

2.00-2.50

2.00-2.50

0.90-1.20

0.90-1.20

0.90-1.20

2.00-2.50

2.00-2.50

1.75-2.250.40-0.65

0.40-0.601.00-1.25

0.90-1.20

0.90-1.20

4.0-6.0

4.0-6.0

4.0-6.0

4.0-6.0

4.0-6.0

4.0-6.0

6.0-8.0

6.0-8.0

6.0-8.0

6.0-8.0

6.0-8.0

6.0-8.0

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

0.45-0.65

8.0-10.5

8.0-10.5

8.0-10.5

8.0-10.5

8.0-10.5

8.0-10.5

8.0-10.5

0.85-1.20

0.85-1.20

0.85-1.20

0.85-1.20

0.85-1.20

0.85-1.20

0.85-1.20

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Additional

qpe

Amt.

 

0.02-0.10

N

0.02-0.07

4

Table 2 (continued)

Wt. Percenta*b

 

AWS

Mn

C

NumberdClassification'

si

Mo P

Cr S

Ni

v p e

Amt.

 

Chromium-Molybdenum Steel Electrodes (continued)

 
 

E9016-B9

W50426

0.08-0.13 0.30

1.25

0.01

0.01

1 .O

0.85-1.20

V

0.15-0.30

 

Cu

0.25

Al

0.04

 

0.02-0.10

0.02-0.07

 

E9018-B9

W50428

0.08-0.13

0.30

1.25

0.01

0.01

1 .O

0.85-1.20

0.154.30

 

0.25

0.04

0.02-0.10

0.02-0.07

 

Nickel Steel Electrodes

 
 

E8016-Cl

W22016

0.12

1.25

0.60

0.03

0.03

2.00-2.75

-

-

E8018-CI

W220 18

0.12

I.25

0.80

0.03

2.00-2.750.03

-

-

E7015-CIL

W22115

0.05

I.25

0.50

0.03

2.00-2.750.03

-

-

E7016-C1L

W22116

0.05

1.25

0.50

0.03

2.00-2.750.03

-

-

E7018-CIL

W22118

0.05

1.25

0.50

0.03

2.00-2.750.03

-

-

E8016-C2

W23016

o.

12

1.25

0.60

0.03

3.00-3.750.03

-

-

E8018-C2

W23018

o.

12

1.25

0.80

0.03

3.00-3.750.03

-

-

E7015-C2L

W23115

0.05

1.25

0.50

0.03

3.00-3.750.03

-

-

E7016-C2L

W23116

0.05

1.25

0.50

0.03

3.00-3.750.03

-

-

E7018-C2L

W23118

0.05

1.25

0.50

0.03

3.00-3.750.03

-

-

E8016-C3

W21016

0.12

0.40-1.25

0.80

0.03

0.80-1.100.03

0.35

0.05

E8018-C3'

W21018

0.12

0.40-1.25

0.80

0.03

0.80-1.100.03

0.35

0.05

E701 8-C3L

W209I8

0.08

0.40-1.40

0.50

0.03

0.80-1.100.03

0.35

0.05

E80 16-C4

W21916

0.10

1.25

0.60

0.03

1.10-2.000.03

- -

E8018-C4

W21918

o.

10

1.25

0.80

0.03

0.03

I. 10-2.00

- -

E9015-C5L

W25018

0.05

0.40-1.00

0.50

0.03

6.00-7.250.03

- -

 

Nickel-Molybdenum Steel Electrodes

 

E8018-NM1

W21118

o.

10

0.80-1.250.60

0.02

0.02

0.80-1.10

0.40-0.65

0.02

 

0.10

0.05

 

Manganese-Molybdenum Steel Electrodes

 
 

E8018-D1

W18118

0.12

1.00-1.75

0.80

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.25-0.45

-

E9015-D1

W19015

0.12

1.00-1.75

0.60

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.25-0.45

-

E9018-DI

W19018

0.12

1.00-1.75

0.80

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.25-0.45

E10015-D2

W10015

O.15

1.65-2.00

0.60

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.25-0.45

-

E10016-D2

W10016

O.15

1.65-2.00

0.60

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.25-0.45

-

E10018-D2

W10018

O.15

1.65-2.00

0.80

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.25-0.45

-

E8016-D3

W18016

o. 12

1.00-1.80

0.60

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.40.65

-

E8018-D3

W18018

o.

12

1.00-1.80

0.80

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.40.65

-

E901 8-D3

W19118

0.12

1.00-1.80

0.80

0.03

0.03

0.90

0.40-0.65

-

 

General Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes

 
 

EXXIO-Gg

- IBOhmin

- O.8Oh min

-

-

O.5Oh min

0.20" min

O.lOhmin

 

0.20" min

 

EXXlI-Gg

- 1.mhmin

- 0.80" min

-

-

0.50hmin

0.20" min

0.I0"min

 

0.20"Cumin

Copyright American Welding Society Provided by IHS under license with AWS No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

(continued)

Not for Resale

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

AWS. A5.5 96 H 0784265 0505632 24T

Table 2 (continued)

Wt. PercentR, b

5

AWS

Elements

 

Additional

C

ClassificationCNumberd

Mn

P

Si

S

Ni

Cr

Mo

'Qpe

Amt.

General Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes (continued)

 

EXX 13-G'

- 1.mhmin

-

0.80" min

-

-

0.50" min0.30"min0.20"min

V

O. 10"

min

 

Cu

0.20h min

EXXl5-Gg

- 1.c~Y'min 0.80" min

-

-

-

0.50"

min0.30"min0.20"min

V

O.lohmin

 

Cu

0.20hmin

EXX16-Gg

- 1.00" min 0.80" min

-

-

-

0.50h min0.30"min

0.20" min

V

O.lohmin

 

Cu

0.20" min

EXX18-Gg

- IBOh

-

min

0.80"min

-

-

0.50h min0.30"min0.20"min

V

o. 10" min

 

Cu

0.20" min

E7020-G

- 1.00" min 0.80" min

-

-

-

0.50" min0.30"min0.20"min

V

O.10" min

 

Cu

0.20" min

E7027-G

- ].Wh

-

min

0.80"min

-

-

0.50h min0.30"min0.20"min

V

Cu

o. 10" min

0.20" min

 
 

Military-Similar Electrodes

 

E9018M'

W21218

o.

10

0.030 0.80

0.60-1.25

0.35 1.40-1.800.15 0.030

 

V

0.05

E10018M'

W21318

o.

10

0.75-1.70

0.60

0.030

0.030

1.40-2.10

0.35

0.25-0.50

V

0.05

E11018M'

W21418

o.

10

1.30-1.80

0.60

0.030

0.030

1.25-2.50

0.40

0.25-0.50

V

0.05

E12018M'

W22218

o.

10

1.30-2.25

0.60

0.030

0.030

1.75-2.50

0.30-1.50

0.30-0.55

V

0.05

E12018M1'

W232 18

o.

10

0.80-1.60

0.65

0.015

0.012

3.00-3.80

0.65

0.20-0.30

V

0.05

 

Pipeline Electrodes

 

E7010-Pl

W17110

0.20

1.20

0.60

0.03

0.03

1.00

0.30

0.50

V

o. 10

E8OlO-PI

W18110

0.20

1.20

0.60

0.03

0.03

1.00

0.30

0.50

V

o. 10

 

Weathering Steel Electrodes

 

E7018-WlJ

W20018

o.

12

0.40-0.700.40-0.700.025

0.025

0.20-0.400.15-0.30

-

V

0.08

0.40-0.800.45-0.700.03

0.50-1.30E8018-W2j0.35-0.800.03

W201180.12

-

Cu

0.30-0.75

Cu

0.30-0.60

Notes:

a. Single values are maximum, except where specified otherwise.

b. Weld metal shall be analyzed for those elements for which specific values are shown. Other elements listed without specified values shall be reported, if intentionally added. The total of these latter unspecified elements and all other elements not intentionally added shall not0.50%.exceed

c. The suffixesAl, B3, C3, etc. designate the chemical composition of the electrode classification.

d.

e.

The E8015-B6 and E8015-B6L electrodes were formerly classified as E502-15 in AWS A5.4-81, Specificationfor Covered Corrosion-Resisting Chromium and Chromium Nickel Steel Welding Electrodes. The E8016-B6 and E8016-B6L were formerly classified as E502-16 in A5.4-81. The E8018-B6 and E8018-B6L were not formerly classified but were produced to the E502 composition ranges in A5.4-81 but withEXXl8the cover- ing of this specification. Similiarly, the E80XX-B7(L) classifications were formerly classified as E7Cr-XX in A5.4-81; and the ESOXX-BS(L) classifications were formerly classified as E505-XX in A5.4.-81.

f. The letter "XX"

SAEJASTM Unified Numbering System for Metals and Alloys,

used in the classification designation for EXX13-G in this table stand for various tensile-strength levels (80,

90, 100, 110, and

120 ksi) of weld metal.

g. The letters "XX" used in the classification designations for all electrodes except EXX13-G in this table stand for the various tensile-strength levels (70, SO, 90, 100, 110, and 120 ksi) of electrodes.

h. In order to meet the alloy requirements of the"G" group, the undiluted weld metal shall have the minimumof at least one of the elements listed in this table. Additional chemical requirements may be agreed to between supplier and purchaser.

i. These classifications are intended to be similiar to typesof electrodes covered by MIL-E-22200/1 and MIL-E-22200/10.

j. In AWS A5.5-81, E7018-Wl was designated E7018-W, and E8018-W2 was designated E8018-W.

Copyright American Welding Society Provided by IHS under license with AWS No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

6

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Table 3 Tension Test RequirementsaIb

Tensile Strength

Yield Strength, at 0.2% Offset

Elongation

AWS ClassificationC

ksi

MPa

ksi

MPa

PercentPostweldConditiond

E7010-P1

60

70

480

415

22

AW

E7010-A1

70

480

57

390

22

PWHT

E7010-G

70

480

57

390

22

AW or PWHT

E7011-A1

70

480

57

390

22

PWHT

E7011-G

70

480

57

390

22

AW or PWHT

E7015-X

70

480

57

390

25

PWHT

E7015-B2L

75

520

57

390

19

PWHT

E7015-G

70

480

57

390

25

AW or PWHT

E7016-X

70

480

57

390

25

PWHT

E7016-B2L

75

520

57

390

19

PWHT

E7016-G

70

480

57

390

25

AW or PWHT

E7018-X

70

480

57

390

25

PWHT

E7018-B2L

75

520

57

390

19

PWHT

E701

8-C3L

70

480

57

390

25

AW

E7018-W1

70

480

60

415

25

AW

E7018-G

70

480

57

390

25

AW or PWHT

E7020-A1

70

480

57

390

25

PWHT

E7020-G

70

480

57

390

25

AW or PWHT

E7027-A1

70

480

57

390

25

PWHT

E7027-G

70

480

57

390

25

AW or PWHT

E8010-P1

80

550

67

460

19

AW

E801O-G

80

550

67

460

19

AW or PWHT

E80 11-G

80

550

67

460

19

AW or PWHT

E80 13-G

80

550

67

460

16

AW or PWHT

E80

15-X

80

550

67

460

19

PWHT

E8015-B3L

80

550

67

460

17

PWHT

E8015-G

80

550

67

460

19

AW or PWHT

E8016-X

80

550

67

460

19

PWHT

E8016-C3

80

550

68

to 80e

470

to550e

24

AW

E8016-C4

80

550

67

460

19

AW

E80 16-G

80

550

67

460

19

AW or PWHT

E8018-X

80

550

67

460

19

PWHT

E8018-B3L

80

550

67

460

17

PWHT

E80

18-C3

80

550

68 to 80e

470

to 550e

24

AW

E801

8-C4

80