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Introduction 1

Structure of the user


interface 2

Creating a project 3
SIMATIC NET
Modeling the environment 4
SINEMA E 2006 Lean Project engineering and
configuration of the WLAN 5
components

Getting Started
Reporting functions 6

References 7

Edition 03/2006
C7900-G8976-C206-01
Safety Guidelines
This manual contains notices you have to observe in order to ensure your personal safety, as well as to prevent
damage to property. The notices referring to your personal safety are highlighted in the manual by a safety alert
symbol, notices referring to property damage only have no safety alert symbol. These notices shown below are
graded according to the degree of danger.

Danger
indicates that death or severe personal injury will result if proper precautions are not taken.

Warning
indicates that death or severe personal injury may result if proper precautions are not taken.

Caution
with a safety alert symbol, indicates that minor personal injury can result if proper precautions are not taken.

Caution
without a safety alert symbol, indicates that property damage can result if proper precautions are not taken.

Notice
indicates that an unintended result or situation can occur if the corresponding information is not taken into
account.
If more than one degree of danger is present, the warning notice representing the highest degree of danger will
be used. A notice warning of injury to persons with a safety alert symbol may also include a warning relating to
property damage.

Qualified Personnel
The device/system may only be set up and used in conjunction with this documentation. Commissioning and
operation of a device/system may only be performed by qualified personnel. Within the context of the safety notes
in this documentation qualified persons are defined as persons who are authorized to commission, ground and
label devices, systems and circuits in accordance with established safety practices and standards.

Prescribed Usage
Note the following:

Warning
This device may only be used for the applications described in the catalog or the technical description and only in
connection with devices or components from other manufacturers which have been approved or recommended
by Siemens. Correct, reliable operation of the product requires proper transport, storage, positioning and
assembly as well as careful operation and maintenance.

Trademarks
All names identified by ® are registered trademarks of the Siemens AG. The remaining trademarks in this
publication may be trademarks whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the
owner.

Disclaimer of Liability
We have reviewed the contents of this publication to ensure consistency with the hardware and software
described. Since variance cannot be precluded entirely, we cannot guarantee full consistency. However, the
information in this publication is reviewed regularly and any necessary corrections are included in subsequent
editions.

Siemens AG Copyright © Siemens AG .


Automation and Drives C7900-G8976-C206-01
Postfach 4848
90437 NÜRNBERG Siemens AG 2006
GERMANY Technical data subject to change.
Table of contents
1 Introduction............................................................................................................................................. 1-1
2 Structure of the user interface................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.1 Layout of the program window................................................................................................... 2-1
3 Creating a project ................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1 Creating a new project ............................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Editing a project ......................................................................................................................... 3-2
4 Modeling the environment ...................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.1 Functions of the Modeling Editor ............................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Modeling a floor plan.................................................................................................................. 4-4
4.3 Modeling the buildings plan ....................................................................................................... 4-6
4.4 Configuring floors....................................................................................................................... 4-7
4.5 Modeling regions........................................................................................................................ 4-8
4.6 Specifying the simulation area ................................................................................................... 4-9
4.7 The overview lists of the plant and the building ....................................................................... 4-10
5 Project engineering and configuration of the WLAN components ........................................................... 5-1
5.1 Selecting the number and location of the required devices....................................................... 5-1
5.2 Specifying the LAN and WLAN parameters of the WLAN devices............................................ 5-2
5.3 The overview lists of the profile and the devices ....................................................................... 5-3
6 Reporting functions................................................................................................................................. 6-1
6.1 Report functions of SINEMA E................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 How to create a report ............................................................................................................... 6-2
7 References ............................................................................................................................................. 7-1
7.1 References................................................................................................................................. 7-1
Glossary ..................................................................................................................................... Glossary-1
Index

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Introduction 1
Note
In the remainder of this manual, the term "SINEMA E" refers to the SINEMA E 2006 Lean
configuration software.

Content of the document


This Getting Started manual provides you with all the information you require to create a
sample project with SINEMA E:
• Modeling the environment
This section describes the basic functions of the Floor Plan Editor. This includes
modeling the outdoor and indoor environment including constructional restrictions and
obstacles.
• Identifying the necessary infrastructure and simulation
This section explains how you work out the number of access points and clients required.
By simulating the planned number and location of the WLAN devices, you obtain
information on the configured wireless coverage.
• Configuring the access points and clients
The configuration of the access points and clients must be practicable to obtain as good a
data transfer as possible.
• Status
The status of the WLAN devices provides you with information on the accessibility of the
stations.
• Reporting functions
You document all the results of SINEMA E including the calculation results and measured
values with the SINEMA E reporting functions.

Validity of this Getting Started


This Getting Started is valid for the following software:
• SINEMA E 2006 Lean version 1.0 and higher

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Introduction

Required experience
You should be familiar with and have experience in the following areas to get the best out of
SINEMA E and this Getting Started:
• The basics of how Ethernet networks operate.
• Wireless LAN technology (frequency ranges and channels, authentication and encryption
methods).

You will find further sources of information in the references.

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Structure of the user interface 2
2.1 Layout of the program window

Structure of the user interface


The user interface of SINEMA E is divided into six areas that provide different functions.

C
A
B

Figure 2-1 The user interface of SINEMA E:


A: Toolbar
B: Navigation area
C: Work area with various views
D: Catalog with devices and tools
E: Properties
D + E: Task card (catalog + properties window) or color legend for simulation
F: Output window for system messages and statistical data

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Structure of the user interface
2.1 Layout of the program window

A: Toolbar
The toolbar allows quick access to commonly used menu commands. The buttons have the
following functions:

Button Function
Creates a new project
Opens an existing project
Saves the current project
Closes the current project
Creates a report
Opens the tab for loading to device in the work area
Opens the tab for loading to SINEMA in the work area
Opens the window with the project properties
Cuts an object in the navigator or Modeling Editor
Copies an object in the navigator or Modeling Editor
Pastes an object in the navigator or Modeling Editor
Displays the navigator
Opens the Modeling Editor with the modeling tools and the properties window in
the work area
Starts simulation depending on the selection in the navigator
Starts channel optimization
Starts the trial mode. The current status of the project is frozen. If you make
changes but decide against including them in the project, you can return to the
status of the project prior to starting the mode.
Discards all changes made since starting the trial mode The trial mode remains
active.
Discards any changes made and exits the trial mode
Adopts any changes made and exits the trial mode
Opens the pages for setting the program options in the work area
Starts the Catalog Browser
Stops simulation

B: Navigator
The Navigator contains all elements of the WLAN network and provides two views:
• The physical view
shows the construction features (building, floor etc.).
• The logical view
assigns devices to a parameter assignment profile. Dual access points are shown twice
here, once per WLAN interface.

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Structure of the user interface
2.1 Layout of the program window

Figure 2-2 The navigator


On the left the physical view, on the right the logical view

You can swap over between these two views by clicking the appropriate button in the toolbar
of the navigator.
By double-clicking on a branch in the navigator, you select an element for editing:
• In the physical view:
– Plant
The Modeling Editor opens in the work area and you can model building features. A
building represented by a rectangle is created automatically. You can create further
buildings and change their sizes and positions.
– Building
The Modeling Editor opens in the work area with the view of the floors of the selected
building. When you start modeling, one floor already exists for each building.
– Floor
The Modeling Editor opens in the work area and you can configure the selected floor.
– Devices
The Device Editor opens in the work area and you can configure the selected WLAN
device.

• In the logical view:


– Profile
The Parameter Editor opens in the work area and you can configure the selected profile.
Profiles group WLAN devices together that have at least some configuration parameters
in common.
– Devices
The Device Editor opens in the work area and you can configure the selected WLAN
device.

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Structure of the user interface
2.1 Layout of the program window

C: Work area
The work area is part of the program window in which you model the constructional
environment of your WLAN and in which SINEMA E displays the results of the calculations.
Depending on the task to be performed, the following tabs appear at the top edge of the
work area and you can bring them to the foreground by clicking on them.
• Modeling Editor
You can import a floor plan as a background image, draw the floor plan of your building
and place WLAN components in it.
• Simulation
In this window, SINEMA E displays the simulated signal strength, the data rate, the
signal-to-noise ratio etc.
• Device Editor
In this window, you can make entries to configure profiles and assign parameters to
WLAN devices.
• Overview lists
SINEMA E provides an overview of the components in the project in four lists: The plant
overview, the building overview, the profile overview and the device overview. You open
the lists from the List context menu of the relevant branch in the navigator.
• Options
Here, you set the color options for simulation, configure the reports and select the
network adapter of your computer for communication with online devices (access points
and clients).
• Load to Device / Load to SINEMA
Here, you see the devices that are accessible for loading configuration data and you can
load configuration data to the devices or from the devices to SINEMA.

D: Catalog with devices and tools


Here, you will find everything you require to model the environment of your IWLAN. Access
points, obstacles (walls), materials, and predefined areas. If the Task card is not visible, you
can display it with the View > Modeling Editor menu or by double-clicking on a floor in the
navigator. As an alternative, you can also click the Modeling Editor button in the SINEMA E
toolbar.

E: Properties
Here, you will see additional information depending on the content of the work area: If the
work area is displaying the Modeling Editor, the Properties window displays information on
the currently selected element. The material and the geometric properties are displayed, for
example, for an obstacle.
At the start of a simulation, the color legend is displayed here. If the Device Editor is open,
the properties window is not visible.

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Creating a project 3
3.1 Creating a new project

Project Properties
You create a new project by clicking on the New Project button in the taskbar and opening
the Project Properties dialog box.

Figure 3-1 The Project Properties window when creating a new project

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Creating a project
3.2 Editing a project

Labeling of the boxes


In the Project Information box, you enter the deployment country and the required
measurement unit in the appropriate boxes. With the Browse button, you can save the
project in any path you require.
In the lower part of the dialog General information, there are three boxes in which you
specify the company, the plant name and a contact person. You can enter additional
information in the Comment box. OK enters the information.
A new project is created in the file directory in <local drive> \ Documents and Settings \
<current user> \ sinema \ <project name>.
When you create a new project, a file of the type <project name>.nmp and an empty folder
with the same name as the project are created. Data for images, reports etc. will later be
stored in this folder.

Note
If you copy or move a project, you must also remember to copy the folder with the same
name as the project as well as the project file of the type <project name>.nmp.

3.2 Editing a project

Opening the Modeling Editor


if it is not already open, open the sample project be clicking the Open Project button in
the toolbar. The project name(sample project) and the plant name appear in the navigator.
Now open the Modeling Editor
• by double-clicking on the plant in the navigator,
• using the Modeling Editor context menu of the plant in the navigator (right-click) or
• using the View > Modeling Editor menu.

The Modeling Editor opens in the work area. Here you will find further buttons with which you
can edit the view and the configuration of the environment.

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Creating a project
3.2 Editing a project

Figure 3-2 Part of a floor (with background image) of the sample project in the Modeling Editor

In the upper left-hand area of the Floor Plan Editor, there is an access point selected that is
connected to two detached antennas. The blue areas are regions created for the specific
project and that represent the RF attenuation properties of the various machine areas.
To the right of the Floor Plan Editor, you can see the catalog (not shown in the figure) for
inserting components (see below). Below this, there is the properties window (not shown in
the figure) in which the properties of the object selected in the work area are displayed and
in which you can set parameters using the keyboard.

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Modeling the environment 4
4.1 Functions of the Modeling Editor

Toolbar of the Modeling Editor


The tool bar contains all the functions for modeling the environment of a radiation field
except for the tool for creating obstacles and devices. The buttons can be divided into the
following groups:
• Changing the view
• Setting up the work area
• Working with background images
• Changing the arrangement of objects
• Starting program actions
• Opening windows
• Setting filters for the view
• Starting the Region / Material Builder function

Changing the view

Button Function
Displays the pointer. With this tool, you can move, scale and rotate previously
created elements.
Zooms in on the work area.
Zooms out of the work area.
Opens a drop-down list box in which you can select a scaling factor.
Scales the view so that the work area displays all elements.
Scales the background to the size of the work area.

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Modeling the environment
4.1 Functions of the Modeling Editor

Setting up the work area

Button Function
Defines the scale for the drawing.
Opens a dialog box in which you specify the height, width, and color of the work
area.
Opens a dialog box in which you make the grid settings (grid width, magnetic
grid etc.).

Working with background images

Button Function
Opens a file selection dialog for the background image. You can use the
following formats:
• BMP
• GIF
• JPEG
• PNG
After clicking this button, a light green symbol appears at the upper edge of the
background image. If you move the mouse pointer over this symbol, the mouse
pointer changes its appearance ( takes the shape of a hand) and you can turn
the background image by holding down the right mouse button.
Scales the background image to the size of the work area. The size of all other
elements remains unchanged.

Changing the arrangement of objects

Button Function
Puts the selected element in the background.
Puts the selected element in the foreground.
Connects the ends of obstacles having a distance between them that is less
than a minimum value.

Starting program actions

Button Function
Starts simulation of the radiation field.
Starts the consistency check. One of the checks, for example, makes sure that
the height of the walls is not higher than was specified for the floor.

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Modeling the environment
4.1 Functions of the Modeling Editor

Opening windows

Button Function
Displays the Task Card with the catalog and the properties window.
Opens a window with a 3D representation of the work area.

Setting filters for the view

Button Function
Opens a drop-down list box in which you can select the elements to be
displayed in the work area. If a category is checked in the list, the corresponding
elements are displayed.

The Region/Material Builder function

Button Function
Opens the Region / Material Builder with which you can create individual
obstacles or regions.

Opening and representation of the 3D view


To improve orientation in complex plants, buildings, or floors, you have the choice not only of
the representation in the Modeling Editor but also of a three-dimensional view at the bottom
in the navigator. You can also maximize the 3D view and display it as an additional editor in
the work area but you cannot select or edit objects in this view.
You can open and close the 3D window with the button (Show/hide 3D view) in the
toolbar of the Modeling Editor.

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Modeling the environment
4.2 Modeling a floor plan

Functions of the 3D view


The 3D window has the following buttons with which you can change the view:

Icon Function
Rotates the view clockwise around the vertical axis.
Rotates the view anticlockwise around the vertical axis.
Rotates the view around the horizontal axis towards the side view.
Rotates the view around the horizontal axis towards the top view.
Zooms in on the view.
Zooms out of the view.
Matches the zoom of the 3D view to the size of the 3D window.
This button is available only in the navigator: Opens the 3D view in the Modeling Editor
and closes the 3D view in the navigator.
This button is available only in the Modeling Editor window: Closes the 3D view in the
Modeling Editor and opens the 3D view in the navigator again.

4.2 Modeling a floor plan

Obstacles made of different materials


Modeling of the construction features is a must for meaningful calculation results. SINEMA E
therefore offers you several options when modeling obstacles. Follow the steps below to
create an obstacle in the work area:
1. Double-click on the floor plan you want to model in the navigator. The work area shows
the tab for modeling a floor plan.
2. If it exists, you can import a floor plan as a background image.
You can open the file selection dialog with the button in the toolbar.
3. Select and object suitable for your purposes in the Obstacles branch of the catalog. The
following entries are available:
– Generic obstacle
In this case, you must also select a material (Default material drop-down list box) in the
catalog and specify the thickness of the obstacle (Thickness entry in the properties
window). You can change the material of the generic obstacle in the properties window
after it has been inserted.
– Thick brick wall
– Metal door
– Thin brick wall
– Thick concrete wall
– Thin concrete wall

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4.2 Modeling a floor plan

– Wooden door
– Glass window
– Undefined obstacle
You can assign the attenuation properties actually measured in the plant to a generic
obstacle later using the Region / Material Builder SINEMA E function.
You can also change the obstacle type later in the properties window of the obstacle.
4. As default, obstacles are shown as normal elements with a start and end point and the
thickness is decided by the obstacle type. If you want to draw a different shaped obstacle,
select one of the following entries in the catalog from the Obstacle tools drop-down list
box:
– Normal
A straight obstacle with a start and end point that you draw while holding down the mouse
button.
– Rectangular
While holding down the mouse button, you can create four obstacles forming a closed
rectangle.
– Connected
An obstacle with several vertices (the line drawn does not need to be closed). You simply
need to define the required vertices in the work area by clicking with the mouse and
SINEMA E will draw the lines automatically.
– Slab
In contrast to walls, a slab lies horizontally in the room. The 3D view makes it easier to
represent the spatial arrangement (Show/hide 3D view icon in the Modeling Editor). The
outline of the slab can be adapted using its vertices.
5. You draw the obstacle in the work area by clicking with the mouse or by dragging the
mouse pointer while holding down the button. With the obstacle tool Connected selected,
click on the vertices of the element. The next point is connected to the start point or to the
last point created.
6. You can change the alignment or shape of an element as follows: Select the object by
clicking on it. White circles appear at the points whose position you can change. You can
move the following points while holding down the mouse button:
– Obstacle toolNormal: Start and end point
– Obstacle tool Rectangular and Slab: The four vertices
– Obstacle toolConnected: All inserted vertices of the polygon

Joining separate obstacles


With SINEMA E, you can join the end points of separate obstacles automatically. This is an
advantage if the end points in the drawing of the obstacles do not match up exactly although
a contour without gaps is required. Follow the steps below to join individual obstacle
segments:
1. Click on the button in the toolbar of the Modeling Editor.
2. Enter the maximum distance between two end points. All obstacles with end points at a
distance less than or equal to the entered value are joined.

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Modeling the environment
4.3 Modeling the buildings plan

Dividing a polygon into individual lines


When you have created an obstacle and then want to edit individual parts of it, you can
divide it into segments as follows:
1. Select the rectangle or polygon.
2. Open the context menu and select the Split object menu command.

4.3 Modeling the buildings plan

Representation of buildings
With SINEMA E, you can calculate the radio coverage not only for individual buildings or
floors but also for groups of buildings. You can, for example, plan and simulate the WLAN
installation for an entire industrial complex with several buildings. To model a buildings plan,
follow the steps outlined below:
1. Double-click on Plant in the physical view of the navigator. The work area shows the
Modeling Editor tab for modeling the buildings plan.
2. If one exists, you can import a plan (floor plan) of the plant as a background image. If this
is required, open the file selection dialog with the button (Import background image) in
the toolbar. The imported background image can be edited with the button (Edit
background image) and adapted to your own needs.
3. Open the context menu for Plant (right-click) and select the Add building command. In the
bottom left corner of the work area, you will see a square that symbolizes the building.
You can change the color and fill pattern to meet your requirements in the properties
window of the task card.
4. Click on the square. You will see eight white dots on the border line and a green dot
outside the square. When you move the mouse pointer over one of the white dots and
hold down the mouse button, you can change the size and proportions of the rectangle. If
you move the mouse pointer over the green dot and hold down the mouse button, you
can turn the rectangle.
5. Each rectangle also has a reference point that is displayed in the editor by two concentric
circles with two lines at right angles to each other. The purpose of the reference point is
to specify the location of a floor plan in a building.
Initially, the reference point is located in the bottom left corner of the rectangle. You can
move the icon of the reference point while holding down the left mouse button if the entry
Locked is set to False in the Optional box in the properties window.

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Modeling the environment
4.4 Configuring floors

Figure 4-1 Part of the Modeling Editor and the properties window

4.4 Configuring floors

Adding a floor
SINEMA E also makes calculations for buildings with more than one floor. When you start
modeling, one floor already exists for each building. Follow the steps below to add a new
floor:
1. Select the building to which you want to add a floor in the navigator.
2. Open the context menu for the selected building (right-click) and select the Add floor
command. The work area displays the floors symbolically.
3. Select the new floor in the work area and edit the settings for the height and the name of
the floor in the properties window.

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Modeling the environment
4.5 Modeling regions

Configuring the floor in the properties window


You specify the parameter settings for the floor in the properties window by double-clicking
on the floor to open it and entering your settings from drop-down list boxes or directly in the
rows of the properties window. Set the following the parameters:
• Floor box
– Height: The unobstructed height of the rooms in the measurement unit of the project
– Name of the floor, comment
• Floor alignment box
– Reference point of the floor plan
– Lock reference point to prevent it being moved accidentally
• Simulation area box
– Resolution: The resolution for the simulation calculation
– Automatic resolution: Setting for manual or automatic resolution
– Automatic area: Simulation area is specified automatically
– Lock area: Locks the simulation area to prevent unwanted changes
– The coordinates and the size of the simulation area
– The Simulation Height: Specifies the height of the simulation area
– The Additional area: Specifies an additional simulation area around the floor

Here, you specify the settings for the simulation area of the floor when you want to calculate
the RF coverage for this floor using the View > Simulation... menu.

4.5 Modeling regions

Areas affecting electromagnetic waves


RF coverage is changed not only by obstacles but also by objects within the building. The
same applies analogously for objects in the outdoor area. With SINEMA E, you can model
regions that affect the propagation of electromagnetic waves. Such regions include, for
example, high-bay storage racks or machines Follow the steps outlined below:
1. Double-click on the floor plan (plant or floor) you want to model in the navigator. The work
area shows the tab of the Modeling Editor.
2. Select a modeling tool suitable for your purposes in the Region branch of the catalog.
When you move the mouse pointer in the work area, it now has the shape of a crosshair.
3. Holding down the mouse button, draw a rectangular region of the required size.
4. You can show the height of the region in the 3D view. By selecting the region, you can
change its height, when necessary, in the properties window.

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Modeling the environment
4.6 Specifying the simulation area

4.6 Specifying the simulation area

The Simulation area box in the properties window


You can specify the outdoor area of the plant and the indoor area of floors for which you
want to calculate the RF field regardless of the background image and other elements. You
can configure the following settings for the simulation area in the Simulation area box of the
properties window:
• Resolution: Here, you set the resolution manually (in measurement units of the project)
for the simulation calculation. A lower value means a higher resolution and more
extensive simulation calculation. Extremely low values for the resolution lead to long
calculation times for the simulation in larger projects. The maximum value is limited by the
simulation area length (x axis) or the area depth (y axis).
• Automatic resolution: If the setting is True, SINEMA E itself specifies the value for the
resolution and the value entered for the resolution is overwritten. For most applications,
the automatically set value is adequate.
• Automatic area: If Automatic area is set to True, SINEMA E sets the simulation area
automatically. If Automatic area is set to False, the simulation area can be modified with
the mouse.
• Lock area: If Lock area is set to True, accidental modification of the simulation area is
prevented.
• Area coordinates: These specify the reference point of the simulation area.
• Area length, Area depth: These specify the size of the simulation area.
• The Simulation height specifies the height of the simulation area (z coordinate).
• The Additional area specifies an additional area around the floor for simulation in the
measurement units of the project.

Setting the simulation area automatically or manually


Follow the steps below to set the simulation area:
1. By clicking on the Zoom Out button (in the tool bar), set the view in the work area so that
the boundary of the simulation area (a rectangle with a dashed boundary) is visible.
2. Left-click on a free location in the work area. In the Simulation area box, the properties
window of the task card displays information about the simulation area.
3. There are two ways of specifying the simulation area:
Automatically by SINEMA E
– Click on the True drop-down list box entry in the Automatic area entry in the Simulation
area box.
– Enter a suitable value after the Additional area entry. With this, you specify the number
of measurement units by which the simulation area is larger than the modeled elements.
Manual
– Click on the False drop-down list box entry in the Automatic area entry in the Simulation
area box. Eight dots appear on the dashed rectangular boundary line of the simulation
area.

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Modeling the environment
4.7 The overview lists of the plant and the building

– Move the mouse pointer over one of these dots, hold down the mouse button and
change the dashed line to the required shape.
– Click on the True drop-down list box entry in the Lock area entry in the properties
window. The white dots are no longer displayed and the boundary of the simulation area
is protected against inadvertent changes.

4.7 The overview lists of the plant and the building


To make it easier to create large projects, SINEMA E can create the following lists in the
work area based on the physical view:
• The plant overview
• The building overview

The plant overview


The plant overview contains the following information on each configured building:
• Name
• Location
• Rotation
• Number of floors

You open the plant overview by right-clicking on the plant in the physical view in the
navigator and selecting the List menu command.

The building overview


The building overview contains the following information on each configured building:
• Name
• Height
• Additional area
• Resolution
• Ceiling material
• Ground material
• Number of devices

You open the building overview by right-clicking on the required building in the physical view
in the navigator and selecting the List menu command.

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5
Project engineering and configuration of the WLAN
components

5.1 Selecting the number and location of the required devices

Selecting devices from the catalog in the work area and placing them in the Modeling Editor
To configure WLAN components, follow the steps below:
1. Open the Floor Plan Editor in the work area by selecting the View > Modeling Editor
menu command and open the floor in which you want to place the devices.
2. Select the devices in the drop-down list box of the catalog.
The other components (Modeling tools and Miscellaneous) are no longer displayed in the
structure tree.
3. Expand Access Points and Clients in the structure tree.
The available access points and clients are displayed.
4. Select a device from the list with the mouse.
In the Modeling Editor, the cursor now has the shape of a cross.
5. Move the cursor to the required location in the Modeling Editor and click to insert the
device. As long as you do not select any other device in the catalog or click on the pointer
(Select objects icon) you can insert as many devices of this type as required in the
Modeling Editor simply by clicking with the mouse.
6. Place the mouse on the Select objects icon and select a device that you inserted in the
Modeling Editor.
7. Position the device at its final location in the Modeling Editor while holding down the
mouse button or using the arrow keys of the keyboard.
8. If necessary, align the device precisely by clicking on the displayed x or y coordinate in
the properties window and adjusting the position using the keyboard.

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Project engineering and configuration of the WLAN components
5.2 Specifying the LAN and WLAN parameters of the WLAN devices

Figure 5-1 Structure tree of the devices in the SINEMA E catalog

Third-party devices
As default, the WLAN components in the catalog include only Siemens access points and
clients. If you want to include a third-party component, you must first create it in the Catalog
Browser (Tools > Catalog Browser menu) before it can be displayed in the catalog and
inserted in the Modeling Editor.

Note
Third-party WLAN components can be placed in the Modeling Editor, however they cannot
be configured with SINEMA E.
During simulation, the country-specific standard transmitter power is assumed for third-party
access points.

5.2 Specifying the LAN and WLAN parameters of the WLAN devices

Configuring WLAN devices


To configure a profile or WLAN device, select it by double-clicking on it in the navigator. The
dialog box for making network settings of the device appears in the Device Editor. Network
Settings is selected in the drop-down list box at the top of the dialog.

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Project engineering and configuration of the WLAN components
5.3 The overview lists of the profile and the devices

The various parameter groups of the WLAN profiles and devices are configured in the
following dialog boxes that can be opened from the drop-down list box at the top of the
window:
• Network Settings
• Additional Network Settings (only for clients and IWLAN/PB links)
• Services
• Events
• Security
• Access Point Settings (only for access points)
• Client Settings (only for clients)

When configuring the devices, it is a good idea to make the profile settings first.

What are profiles and what are they used for?


To simplify the configuration of components that contain the same parameters, devices with
the same parameters can be grouped together in a defined profile. The repeating
parameters are configured in this profile. The individual devices assigned to this profile adopt
the parameters of the profile as default.
Devices in which some parameters deviate from those of the profile are assigned the option
Individual settings. This allows these devices to adopt the parameters of the profile and still
deviate from it in individual parameters.
As default, every project in SINEMA E has a profile. You can add further profiles by selecting
the Profiles entry in the logical view of the navigator and selecting the Add Profile context
menu or by selecting the Edit > Add Profile menu command.

Individual settings for single devices


You can make individual property settings that differ from the profile for a device in the dialog
boxesNetwork Settings, Services, Events and Security. To do this, select the Individual
settings box in the relevant dialog box.
If the Individual settings box is unchecked, the parameters of the relevant profile are
adopted. In this case, the boxes Subnet mask, Router IP address, Profile SSID, WLAN mode
and Antenna mode are disabled in the Network Settings dialog box.

Configuring individual parameter groups is described in detail in the Configuration Manual


SINEMA E 2006 Lean (see /8/).

5.3 The overview lists of the profile and the devices


To obtain an overview of the configured WLAN components, two further lists can be created
in SINEMA E from the logical view of the navigator:
• The profile overview
• The device overview

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Project engineering and configuration of the WLAN components
5.3 The overview lists of the profile and the devices

Switching to the logical view of the navigator


To open the two list types, first switch to the logical view of the navigator.
In the navigator, click on the Logical View button to change from the physical view with
the infrastructure of the plant to the logical view with all WLAN components.

The profile overview


The profile overview of the project contains the following columns for each configured profile:
• Profile name
• Default profile (True, False): Only one profile can be set as the default profile. New
devices inserted in the project are automatically assigned to the default profile.
• SSID
• Subnet mask
• Number of clients

Figure 5-2 SINEMA E - logical view with the Profile overview

You can open the profile overview by right-clicking on the Profiles entry in the logical view of
the navigator and selecting the List context menu.
As an alternative, you can open the list by double-clicking on the Profiles branch in the
navigator.

The device overview


The device overview contains the following information on each configured device:
• Name (device name)
• Profile (profile name)
• IP address
• MAC address

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Project engineering and configuration of the WLAN components
5.3 The overview lists of the profile and the devices

You can open the profile overview by right-clicking on the Profile XY entry in the logical view
of the navigator and selecting the List context menu.
As an alternative, you can open the list with the List All Devices context menu of the Plant
(physical or logical view) or Profiles (logical view ) branches.

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Reporting functions 6
6.1 Report functions of SINEMA E

Purpose and scope of a report


When commissioning and later troubleshooting in WLAN networks in an industrial
environment, is it very important to be able to analyze the installed network based on the
relevant documentation. The report function documents the entire SINEMA E project
including the configuration data. This is achieved by creating an HTML file that can be
opened in every WEB browser and printed out as plant documentation. The report contains
not only the information on the SCALANCE W hardware including ordering data but also a
graphic representation of the simulation results.

Uses of the report function


Using the report function has advantages, for example, in the following situations:
• A report allows even untrained personnel to be able to put the hardware in the right place
at the customer's site. This saves both time and money in the overall installation.
• SCALANCE W networks can be documented with SINEMA E at any time with the
environment plan in the background. This make technical details traceable even if the
environment changes over time. This can be important for warranty questions.
• The information of a report is available if expansions or modifications are required in the
future and it is not necessary to make all parameter settings again from scratch.

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Reporting functions
6.2 How to create a report

6.2 How to create a report

Procedure
Select the Tools > Options menu command and bring the Report Settings tab to the
foreground to configure a report.

You have the following options when configuring a report:


• Paper
Select the paper format for the printout from the drop-down list box:
– A4, A3, A2, or A1 (ISO formats) or
– Letter (ANSI A format, 8.5 x 11 inches) or
– Universal (216 x 304 mm)

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Reporting functions
6.2 How to create a report

• Orientation
Set Portrait or Landscape as the page layout.
• Devices
Specify the IWLAN components for which information will be included in the report:
– Access points
– Clients
– Antennas
• Image size
Here, you specify how images are handled in the printout:
– Split
Spreads larger images over several pages
– Fit to paper size
Fits the printout to the paper format
– Original size
Prints the image in its original size
• Cover Information
Here, you enter the information Author, Company and Department. These will be
included at the start of the report.
• General information
Here, you can enter comments about the report.
• Scale
Specify the scales for the floor plan images:
– None
No scale
– Top and left
Scales at the top and left margin of the image
– Bottom and right
Scales at the lower and right margin of the image
• General
Here, you specify the additional information to be included in the report:
– Notes
This includes the comments from the Project Properties dialog and from the comment
lines in the properties window for the plant, the building and the floors in the report.
– Buttons
Buttons are added to allow convenient navigation within the report.
– Label
The reports and the maps are labeled.
– Legend
The maps are created with a legend.
– Floor plan
The floor plans are included in the report.

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Reporting functions
6.2 How to create a report

• Simulation
Here, you specify which maps from the calculation of the RF field simulation are included
in the report:
– Plant simulation
Plant plan with representation of the outdoor signal strength
– Signal strength
Representation of the calculated signal strength
– Signal-to-noise ratio
Representation of the signal-to-noise ratio
– Data rate
Representation of the calculated data rate
– Strongest access point
Representation of the calculated strongest access point
– Overlapping
Representation of the overlapping of the access points

Select the File > Create Report menu command.


SINEMA E creates the report in the required form and opens it in the Internet Browser. If one
of the simulation evaluations was enabled in Simulation, SINEMA E first starts a simulation
run.

Note
Saving a report
If you save a report in the Internet Explorer with the File > Save As menu command, the
destinations for the links in the report are set as absolute paths to the relevant project
directory. As a result, links only work if the project directory exists and is accessible. The
links in the report would therefore not work on another computer.
Remedy:
SINEMA E saves reports in Report, a subdirectory of the directory in which you stored the
project. SINEMA E uses relative path information for the linking when it saves a report in the
Report directory. You should therefore copy the HTML file and the directories with the
corresponding images from the Report folder when you copy a report to another computer.

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References 7
7.1 References

/1/ SIMATIC NET Basics of Industrial Wireless LAN,


System Manual, SIEMENS AG,
Release 05/2004, Order number C7900-G8976-C186

/2/ SIMATIC NET Operating Instructions SCALANCE W78x, SIEMENS AG,


Release 07/2005, Order number C7900-G8976-C184

/3/ SIMATIC NET Operating Instructions SCALANCE W74x, SIEMENS AG,


Release 07/2005, Order number C7900-G8976-C185

/4/ SIMATIC NET Manual CP 7515, SIEMENS AG,


Release 05/2004, Order number C7900-G8976-C188

/5/ SIMATIC NET System Manual RCoax, SIEMENS AG,


Release 01/2006, Order number C7900-G8976-C189

/6/ SIMATIC NET S7-CPs for SIMATIC NET, Part B7


Gateway IWLAN/PB Link PN IO, SIEMENS AG,
Release 07/2005, Order number C79000-G8976-C200

/7/ SIMATIC NET Operating Instructions (Compact) / Betriebsanleitung (kompakt)


SCALANCE W, SIEMENS AG, Release / Ausgabe 01/2006, A5E00413342-03

/8/ SIMATIC NET SINEMA E 2006 Lean


Configuration Manual, SIEMENS AG,
Release 02/2006, Order number C7900-G8976-C207

Some of the manuals are on the SIMATIC NET Manual Collection CD supplied with your
product.
The SIMATIC NET Operating Instructions (Compact) SCALANCE W (/7/) is supplied on
paper with your SCALANCE W device.

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Glossary

AES
Advanced Encryption Standard, encryption according to the Rijndael algorithm.

Hidden node problem


Two nodes (for example clients) are arranged in a wireless cell so that they connect to the
same receiver (access point) but are are not visible to each other. If they both send to the
access point at the same time, the messages collide at the access point without the stations
being aware of it.

IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IEEE 802.11
Standard for wireless networks in the 2.4 GHz band with transmission rates of up to 2 Mbps.

IEEE 802.11a
Standard for wireless networks in the 5 GHz band with transmission rates of up to 54 Mbps.

IEEE 802.11b
Standard for wireless networks in the 2.4 GHz band with transmission rates of up to
11 Mbps.

IEEE 802.11g
Standard for wireless networks in the 2.4 GHz band with transmission rates of up to
54 Mbps.

IEEE 802.11h
The IEEE 802.11a standard expanded by TPC and DFS.

IEEE 802.1x
The heart of the standard is the use of a Radius server as the authentication server. In
addition to this, in IEEE 802.1x, the entire communication is encrypted.

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Glossary

IP address
The IP address consists of 4 bytes. Each byte is represented in decimal and separated from
the previous byte by a period. This results in the following structure, where XXX stands for a
number between 0 and 255 (dotted decimal notation): XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX
The IP address consists of two parts, the network ID and the host ID. This makes it possible
to create different subnets. Depending on the bytes of the IP address used as the network ID
and those used for the host ID, the IP address can be assigned to a specific address class:

Address class Address class identifier The network ID and the host ID
A Byte 1 (possible value 1 to 126) Byte 2 to byte 4
(Byte 1 the byte furthest left.) Possible value for each 0 to
255.
0.0.0 must not be assigned,
255.255.255 is the broadcast
address.
B Byte 1 Byte 3 and byte 4
(possible value 128 to 191) Possible value for each 0 to
Byte 2 255.
(possible value 0 to 255) 0.0 must not be assigned,
255.255 is the broadcast
address.
C Byte 1 Byte 4
(possible value 192 to 223) Possible value 1 to 254.
Byte 2 and byte 3 0 must not be assigned, 255 is
(possible value for each 0 to the broadcast address.
255)
D Byte 1 Byte 2 to byte 4
(possible value 224 to 239) Possible value for each 0 to
multicast addresses 255.
0.0.0 must not be assigned.
There are some multicast
addresses with a special
meaning, for example
224.0.0.1
All systems of the subnet
224.0.0.2
All routers of the subnet

iPCF
The industrial Point Coordination Function is a communications protocol with which the data
traffic of a cell between the access point and the connected stations can be controlled to
avoid collisions. iPCF can optimize data throughput even with large numbers of stations.
iPCF also allows very fast roaming.

RADIUS
Remote Authentification Dial In User Service. A procedure in which authentication is handled
by a separate server.

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Glossary

RTS/CTS
Request to send/Clear to send. A procedure for avoiding collisions.

SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol. Standardized protocol for exchanging network
management information.

Subnet mask
A subnet is define by the subnet mask. The structure of the subnet mask corresponds to that
of an IP address. If a "1" is set at a bit position in the subnet mask, the bit belongs to the
corresponding position in the IP address for the subnet address otherwise it belongs to the
address of the host.
Example:
The standard subnet mask for class B networks is 255.255.0.0. This means that the third
and fourth bytes are available for defining subnets and hosts. If 16 subnets need to be
defined, the third byte of the subnet address must be set to 11110000 (binary). In this case,
the subnet mask is 255.255.240.0.
To find out whether two IP addresses belong to the same subnet, the two IP addresses are
ANDed bit by bit. If the logic operations produce the same result, the two IP addresses
belong the same subnet, for example 141.120.246.210 and 141.120.252.108.
Outside the local area network, the division of the address described here is irrelevant, for
packet switching, only the entire IP address is relevant.

TKIP
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol. Procedure for cyclic changing of the keys in WLAN.

WBM
Web Based Management. HTTP-based configuration method that uses an HTTP server in
the relevant device.

WDS
Wireless Distribution System. Directional wireless links for linking access points for an
Extended Service Set (ESS).

WEP
Wired Equivalence Privacy is an optional part of the IEEE 802.11 standard. WEP specifies
procedures for authentication and encryption that both work with fixed keys stored on the
device. All devices that want to access a network in which WEP is used, must therefore first
be supplied with the same keys. Renewal of the keys must also be undertaken manually.

Wi-Fi
Wireless Fidelity. Specification for wireless networks.

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Glossary

WPA
Wi-Fi Protected Access is a method specified by the Wi-Fi Alliance to close security gaps of
WEP. Authentication by a server (802.1x) is one of the stipulations. Further security is
achieved by exchanging the keys with each frame. You can choose between TKIP and AES
as the encryption method.

WPA-PSK
WPA-PSK is a weaker form of WPA. In this procedure, there is no authentication by a
server, but only based on a password. This password must be configured manually on the
client and on the server. Where possible, you should change to the WPA procedure to
achieve higher security.

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Index

3 N
3D view, 4-3 Navigator, 2-2

B O
Background images, 4-2 Overview lists, 4-10, 5-4
Building overview, 4-10

P
C Plant overview, 4-10
Catalog, 2-4, 5-1 Profile overview, 5-4
Configuration Properties window, 2-4
WLAN devices, 5-3

R
D Region/Material Builder, 4-3
Device overview, 5-4 Reports
Creating, 6-2
Purpose and scope, 6-1
F
Filter, 4-3
S
Simulation area, 4-9
I
Items
Changing the arrangement, 4-2
T
Toolbar
of the main window, 2-2
L of the Modeling Editor, 4-1
Logical view, 5-4
V
M View, 4-1
Modeling
Floors, 4-7
Obstacles, 4-4
W
of the buildings plan, 4-6 Window, 4-3
Regions, 4-8 Work area, 2-4
Modeling Editor, 4-1 Setting up, 4-2

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SINEMA E 2006 Lean
Getting Started, Edition 03/2006, C7900-G8976-C206-01 Index-2