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Table 6: Planets & deities

Planet Parāsara Jaimini Harihara
Sun Agni Shiva All signs shiva
Dual sign: 1st dreskāna Ganapati
Dual sign: 2nd dreskāna Skanda
Moon Jala Gauri Strong Gauri
Weak Kāli
Weak in Mars sign/amsa Camundā
Mars Skanda Skanda Male signs Skanda & Bhairava
Female signs Camundā, Bhadrakāli etc.
Mercury Visnu Visnu Movable & dual signs Visnu avatāra
Fixed sign: 1st dreskāna Rāma
Fixed sign: 2nd & 3rd dreskāna Krisna
Jupiter Indra Sambashiva All signs Mahāvisnu, Jagannath
Venus Saci Laksmi Satva signs Annapürna
Rajas signs Laksmi
Tamas signs Yaksi
Saturn Brahma Visnu All signs shāsta & krita
Rahu Durgā All signs Sarpa (snake deity)
Ketu Ganapati All signs Ganapati

10.Skanda is Kartikeya, the warrior son of Shiva.
11. The Satwik planets are the Sun (Leo), Moon (Cancer) and Jupiter (Pisces & Sagittarius).
The Rajas Planets are Mercury (Virgo & Gemini) and Venus (Taurus & Libra). The Tamas
Planets are Mars (Aries & Scorpio) and Saturn (Capricorn & Aquarius). This should not be
mistaken with the natural nature of the signs on the basis of Movable (Rajas), Fixed (Tamas)
and Dual (Satwik).

Guru Devatā
The navamsha sign of the bhrātrikāraka itself is seen for the Guru devatā or spiritual guide &
teacher of the chart. The Guru(s) are indicated by the bhrātrikāraka as well as the planets
conjoining and aspecting it in the navamsha. These Guru(s) would be teaching dharma,
jyotisha and/or such subjects related to spirituality (Sun) or vedāìga (Jupiter). Guru(s) in other
areas are to be seen in other divisional charts. The strength of planetary influence on the
concerned house should be seen on the basis or rules given above.
Planets according to Sri Shakti: Navadurgas
Sun-Shaylaputra (daughter of the Mountains)
Moon- Mahagauri (The Great White Mountains)
Mars- Skandamata (Mother of Lord Skanda)
Mercury- Katyayani
Jupiter- Brahmacharini
Friday- Kushmandi
Saturn- Kalaratri
Rahu- Chandraganta (bell of the Moon)
Ketu- Siddhidatri (giver of siddhis)

Planets according to Nila Shakti: Mahavidyas

Sun- Matangi
Moon- Bhuvaneshvari
Mars- Bhagalamukhi
Mercury- Tripura Sundari
Jupiter- Tara
Venus- Kamala
Saturn- Kali
Rahu- Chinnamasta
Ketu- Dhoomavati
Lagna- Bhairavi
The Jyotir

Once Brahma and Visnu were arguing about who was the most powerful Deva (god).
Brahma, the great architect, thought he was best as he created the whole of creation. But
Visnu argued he wouldn’t be able to keep it all running if it wasn’t for Him the sustainer, and
everyone recognized this worshiping Visnu in his many forms. Brahma argued back, that
love of materialism was love of Him and therefore…..

As they argued a huge pillar of light appeared, infinite and bright it stretched from one side of
forever to the other. Awed they wanted to know of where and who this came from. Brahma
went upward to search for and end or beginning, Visnu went down to search the cause. Aeons
passed, and no end of this was found. In surrender they both prostrated before the blazing
pillar of Light, and Shiva gave his blessing, acknowledging he was the infinite Jyoti (light).

Shamans as Carlos Castenada have spoken of the soul as an infinite column of light
stretching through the universe. Moses saw the burning pillar in his vision of god on Mt.
Sianai . The Jyotir Lingam represents the atman, the soul, which is seen as light, infinite and
eternal light. It is the light of knowledge, the light of illumination, the light of Truth, Aum Tat

The Lingam is the energy of creation, it is represented by a round stone (symbolic of the
dome of the sky) and sitting in the yoni (representing the earth). Sometimes it has a more
phallic presentation symbolic of the interwoven Divine male and female energies. There are
twelve Jyotir Lingam temples found throughout India , where there are naturally occurring
Lingas. These are places where the Linga was found and a temple was built around it. The
found Linga already had the power of Shiva within it, it did not need pranipratishta to awaken
it or instill Shiva’s energy into it. The jyotir Lingam represents the atman.

A tithi is a lunar day. There are 15 tithis in the waxing cycle of the moon (shukla paksha),
and there are 15 tithis in the waning cycle of the Moon ( Krishna paksha). The tithi is based
on a relationship between the Sun and the Moon. The first tithi is 12 degrees of the Moon
away from the Sun after the new Moon (Amavasya) or full Moon (Purnima). The second tithi
is the next 12 degrees of the Moon away from the Sun, 12 to 24 degrees. A particular day is
ruled by the tithi at sunrise, but the tithi can change anytime of the day or night as it is not
based on the solar day. Each tithi has a name, a ruling planet, and can be used in muhurta
(picking a proper time).

The Moon is the mother and the Sun is the father. On the material plane we can see from the
tithi what was in the mind (manas) of the mother and father at the time of conception. What is
in the mind of the parents at conception is very important in the life of the child. On a
spiritual plane we can see what was in the mind (Mahat) of the Divine Mother and Father, or
what is the purpose of our creation.
The tithi is made of twelve degrees. Each degree is made into one of the signs of the zodiac.
The first degree of the tithi is Aries, the second degree is Taurus, the third degree is Gemini,
and so on. Then the Moon is examined to see which sign within the tithi it is placed. Some
computer programs give percentages of the tithi passed at the time of birth. This chart will
help one find the sign easily, by seeing the percent of the tithi passed through at the time of

Aries 0-8.333 % Libra 49.999-58.333

Taurus 8.333-16.666 Scorpio 58.333-66.666
Gemini 16.666-24.999 Sagittarius 66.666-74.999
Cancer 24.999-33.333 Capricorn 74.999-83.333
Leo 33.333-41.666 Aquarius 83.333-91.666
Virgo 41.666-49.999 Pisces 91.666-100 %

The Jyotirlingam
There is a Jyotir Lingam associated with each sign of the zodiac. The cause of one’s creation,
the purpose of ones being is seen from the Linga that is associated with the sign. By
meditation on this individual lingam, using its special mantra, and by pilgrimage to this holy
site, one comes closer to an understanding of the purpose of the atman’s creation. It will help
reveal one’s purpose of creation.

Aries Rameshwar Libra Mahakala

Taurus Somanath Scorpio Vaidyanath
Gemini Nageshwar Sagittarius Vishwanath
Cancer Omkareshwar Capricorn Bhimashankara
Leo Dhusaneshwar Aquarius Kedarnath
Virgo Malikarjuna Pisces Triambakeshwar

As the Jyotir Lingam is the form of Lord Shiva as light, it is important for Jyotishis to
worship the Jyotir Lingam. To get in touch with the Jyotir Vidya and awaken the light of the
Atman, to help make the inner light shine.

Rameshwar is named after Lord Ram, who is the incarnation of Visnu who represents
perfect Dharma. Aries is the Sun’s exaltation, this is where the Sun has the most vitality,
vigor and ability to express its energy. This is a place of power and control, a place of
leadership, kings and generals. The Sun significates our dharma, it is concerned with
righteousness, justice and truth. The Mantra is Aum Namah Shivaya, Namo Rameshwaraya.

Somanath is the Moon’s exaltation. It is the place of abundance and fulfillment. It is the
place of Rasa, the nectar, good taste. Also health, the strength of Ojas, the immune system.
The mantra is Aum Namah Shivaya Namo Somanathaya.
Nageshwar is named after the Snake lord. According to Jaimini it is the exaltation place of
Rahu. It has the power to reach the masses, the power to manipulate communication. The
mantra is Aum Namah Shivaya Namo Nagesheshwaraya.

Omkareshwar is named after omkar (the sound of Aum). Patanjali says, “ Om is the word
denoting God (Ishwara) 2:27. Constant repetition of Om and meditation on its meaning [is
surrender to God] 2:28. From that practice, the consciousness turns inwards and obstacles are
overcome 2:29.” Omkareshwar is the jyotir lingam which represents the Lord in the form of
omkar. Sometimes Aum is connected with Siva as it is the primal sound of which all others
arise. Sometimes it is connected with Ganesh as it comes before all other words in prayer.
Sometimes it is used as a transcendental word for denoting the divine, or the primal and
vibration of the universe. Cancer is Jupiter’s exaltation and thereby is the strength and
blessings of the Guru. It is the place of the highest use of the Dhi shakti, the power of
intelligence. The mantra is Aum Namah Sivaya Namo Omkareshwaraya.

Omkareshwar is found in the state of Madya Pradesh. It can be reached either from Delhi or
Bombay , first taking a train to Bobal and then a bus ride to Omkareshwar. It is an island
situated in the Narmada river, where the popular naturally formed lingas are found and sold
throughout the world. The island contains many modern and ancient temples and shrines with
Shiva Lingas. The Jyotir Linga is found when one first enters the island. Also worth visiting
on the top of the island is a six foot high large onyx lingam, and on the far side of the island
is an old debilitated Surya temple.

Dhusaneshwar is the Lord of Tapasvi who lives in the jungles or remote areas. It has the
power to forgive you of earlier sins. Dhusaneshwar vowed to forgive everyone. The mantra is
Aum Namah Sivaya Namo Dhusaneshwaraya.

Malikarjuna is the greatest bhakta. It is the exaltation of Mercury. The mantra is Aum
Namah Shivaya Namo Malikarjunaya.

Mahakala is Shiva as great Time. It is the exaltation place of Saturn as the governor of time.
Saturn is the son of Chaya, the shadowy one, who has all the curses. Jyotishis go to this
Lingam to get the knowledge of time, Varahamahira used to worship at this Lingam. A watch
is the yantra of Mahakala, and therefore should not be worn on the right hand, the right hand
belongs to Jupiter, the left hand belongs to Venus. The mantra is Aum Namah Sivaya Namo

Mahakala is in Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh.

Vaidyanth is Shiva as the divine physician. Vaidya is the Sanskrit word for doctor which
literally means one who has the knowledge, and nath means lord. From the Vedas, Rudra was
called the first physician, Shiva is the modern day form of Rudra. Vaidyanath has an eight
house connection being associated with Scorpio the natural ruler of the eighth house. It is
healing that has to do with holistic modalities working on the spiritual, and psychological as
well as physical level of healing. The mantra is Aum Namah Shivaya Namo Vaidyanathaya.

Vaidyanath is located near Bodhagaya in Northern India .

Vishwanath is the lord of all gods. According to Jaimini, Sagittarius is the exaltation of
Ketu. It is a place of spiritual liberation. Ashes are taken to Kasi Vishwanath to get liberation.
The mantra is Aum Namah Shivaya Namo Vishwanathaya.

Vishwanath is located in Varinasi, also known as Benares or its earlier name as Kasi.

Bhimashankar is Shiva as the great warrior. Capricorn is the exaltation of Mars. Shiva has
always incarnated with Lord Visnu whenever He can be of service. In the Ramayana Shiva
incarnated as Hanuman, the hero of the epic. In the Mahabarata, Shiva incarnated as the great
warrior Bhima. The mantra is Aum Namah Shivaya Namo Bhimashankaraya.

Kedarnath is located in the high Himalyayas. Aquarius is the sign of Saturn and Rahu. It is a
sign of ingenuity.

Triambakeshwar is the three eyed Lord. Pisces is the exaltation place of Venus. Venus did
Tapasya (hung from one leg in a tree for twenty years) to have the power to bring back to life.
On a material level Venus brings us back with the sperm and ovum (shukra dhatu), love, and
the sexual act. This is why the 7 th house is the house of rebirth. Spiritually, Venus brings us
back again and again to get moksa (liberation). One will come with Venus uchha when ready
for liberation, it is She who is exalted in the last sign of the zodiac. Bija Aum Jum Sa. The
mantra associated with Triambakeshwar is the Mritanjayi mantra which cures disease and
asks that one be made ready for liberation like a ripe fruit ready to fall off the vine.

The Jyotirlinga are not a simple way to see the life purpose, the whole chart is the reason for
incarnating. The Jyotir Lingams are showing a higher purpose in life beyond what we are
incarnating for. We still need to see a person’s dharma, artha, kama , moksa, and everything
associated with that in the chart. The Ishta guides our Atman to moksa (as it is seen from the
12th to karakamsa- jivanmuktamsa). The Ishta is to be worshiped everyday (esp. in the
mornings), no matter the rupa it is connected to Visnu. The Jyotirlinga is the light inside us
always, and we can be aware of it always, it is connected to the AK, the light that illuminates
the individual atma. It is connected to Shiva. External worship of the Jyotirlinga for the
average person can be done on Mondays.

Note the peculiarities of the sign of the zodiac representing the Tithi in an individual rasi
chart. See the combinations of planets with that sign, the house that it occupies with reference
to the lagna, and the yogas involving it. Notice the nature of benefics or malefics, their Chara
karakatwa, as well as other factors influencing that sign. The sign indicated by the Tithi is
very specific to the divine’s reason for the individual’s incarnation.

The purpose of creation is seen from the tithi. The jyotir Lingam that physically created you
is seen from the lingam of the Sun sign. If the two signs are the same, then this will be a very
powerful focus in the life of an individual. One can also see the relation between the Ishta
Deva sign and the Jyotir Lingam sign, there will be some link to be spiritual. “Sun is Shiva in
all signs,” the Sun as the Shivalingam. Sun is karaka for the first house, so for health
purposes use the Jyotir lingam of the Sun.
Ishta Devta literally means ‘Deity to be worshiped’. Ishta Devta is responsible for opening the
passage of renunciation for the native. Soul is immortal, and it travels this mortal world many
times, in different physical bodies, to get rid of karmic cycles and attain Moksha.

Ishta Devta helps us attaining Moksha and coming out of endless cycle of life and death.
Worship of Ishta Devta not only ensures that whole life of a person is well guided, protected
and taken care of, but also makes it certain that one is moving towards the path of final
liberation. It is possible to know one’s Ishta Devta by studying the native’s birth chart.

There are different deities assigned to different planets or planetary combinations.

Method of knowing one’s Ishta Devta

Step 1: In the birth chart (D-1), look out for the Atmakaraka (AK). As mentioned before,
Atmakaraka is the planet that attains maximum degrees in the birth chart.

Step 2: See which rashi (sign) is occupied by the Atmakaraka planet in Navamsa (D-9). The
sign, in navamsa, which is occupied by Atmakaraka planet is called as Karakamsha.

Step 3: Note which plant/s occupy 12th house or sign from Karakamsha. Ishta Devta is to be
ascertained by this planet / these planets. In case, 12th house or sign from Karakamsha is empty
(means no planet occupies it), we have to see for its lordship to know the Ishta Devta. I am
placing below a list of deities that correspond to various planets and can be used in deducing
the form of Devta to be worshipped (in relevance to Ishta Devta, Dharma Devta, Kul Devta,
Paalan Devta)

Planet Deity
Sun Shiva, Rama
Moon Gauri, Lalita,
Mars Kartikeya
Mercury Narayana,
Vishnu, Indra,
Dattatreya, Any
Ketu Ganesha

It is said that among all the different deities, it is Vishnu, who is capable of bestowing moksha
as he carries the sudarshana chakra and uses it specifically for that purpose.

The worship of an appropriate Vishnu Avatara as one’s Ishta Devata is generally recommended
for attaining Moksha and reducing obstacles in life in general. The list of those various
incarnations of Lord Vishnu and planets associated with them is given in the Brihat Parashara
Hora Shastra (Chapter 2, verses 5-7), and is placed below for your convenience of

Sri Vishnu
Sun Sri Rama
Moon Sri Krishna
Mercury Sri Buddha
Jupiter Sri Vamana
Saturn Sri Koorma
Rahu Sri Varaha
Ketu Sri Matsya

One should worship one’s Ishta Devta to attain final salvation. Worship of Ishta Devta is to be
done daily, with appropriate mantras and allied rituals. The important thing is to be selfless
while worshiping to the Ishta Devta. One should not ask for anything while worshiping, rather
one should offer oneself completely in Ishta Devta’s holy feet. Jaimini Maharishi has also
mentioned about planetary equivalents of various deities in his Upadesha Sutras (1.2.72–79).
As per Jaimini Sutram, following is the association between planets and corresponding deities;

Sun (Surya) – Lord Shiva

Moon (Chandra) – Gouri

Venus (Shukra) – Lakshmi

Mars (Mangal) – Skanda (Kartikeya)

Mercury (Buddha) – Lord Vishnu

Saturn (Shani) – Lord Vishnu

Jupiter (Guru) – Samba Shiva

Rahu – Tamasi or Durga

Ketu – Lord Ganesha

Lets take examples and try to understand how to know one’s Ishta Devta.


In this example, I have placed D-1 and D-9 side by side for easy reference. I am placing degrees
of planets (as per D-1) below;

We can see that Venus (Shukra) is the Atmakaraka (AK) planet here, attaining highest degrees
(29 Cp 30′ 32.35”). If we see D-9, Venus is in Virgo, so Virgo is the Karakamsha sign. 12th
house from Virgo is Leo and it is empty i.e. no planet resides in it. Next we would take lordship
of Leo, so Ishta Devta for this person is deity form of Sun. It can be Lord Shiva or Lord Rama.
One can worship whoever one gets naturally inclined towards.

Example 2:
I have placed D-1 and D-9 charts side-by-side for easy reference. I am placing degrees of
planets (as per D-1) below;

As we can see here, Mars comes out to be the Atmakaraka (AK) planet with highest degrees in

In D-9, Mars is in Aquarius and 12th house from it is Capricorn, in which Jupiter resides. Hence
deity corresponding to Jupiter would be this person’s Ishta Devta.

Hence the person’s Ishta Devta can be either of Hayagreeva, Vishnu, Indra, Dattatreya, Samba
Shiva or Vamana Avatar of Vishnu.

To attain Moksha, it is essential to worship Ishta Devta by chanting the corresponding 12

lettered (dwadakshari) Mantra. About the mantras, I will write in next post.
• The Sun—Vishnu, Rama, Shiva

• Moon—Krishna, Shiva, Parvati

• Mars—Hanuman, Subramanya, Sri Narasimha

• Mercury-- Vishnu

• Jupiter-- Vishnu, Sri Vamana, Dattatreya, Sai Baba

• Venus-- Maha Lakshmi, Parashurama, MaaGouri

• Saturn-- ShaniDev, Hanuman, Kurma, Shiva, Vishnu

• Rahu—MaaDurga, Varaha

• Ketu—Ganesh, Matasya

• Ascendent—Kalki

 Sun~ Vishnu/ Rama/ Shiva

 Moon ~ Krishna/Parvati
 Mars ~ Hanuman/ Subramanya/ Sri Narasimha
 Mercury ~ Vishnu
 Jupiter ~ Vishnu/ Sri Vamana/ Dattatreya/ Sai Baba
 Venus ~ Mahalakshmi/ Parashurama
 Saturn ~ ShaniDev/ Hanuman/ Kurma
 Rahu ~ Durga/ Varaha
 Ketu ~ Ganesh/ Matsya
 Ascendent ~ Kalki

Spiritual inclination

There are many Gods and demigods in Vedic culture. While Brahma, Vishnu, Maheswara
and Adi Sakti are considered the superior forms of divinity, deities like Indra, Varuna, Agni,
Vayu are considered demigods. A person's (depending on his past karma) nature brings a
natural disposition for him/her to connect with a particular form of God. The rules to evaluate
this are very clearly mentioned in the classics of Vedic astrology.

The 5th house indicates one's mind, 9th house indicates one's spiritual progress and Guru. D-
20 (Vimsamsa) indicates one's spiritual existence. So, in both D-1 and D-20, the 5th house
and 9th house indicate whom one would like to pray. While applying these guidelines, it
would be good to keep in mind, the association of planets with different deities.

In Brhatjataka, Varāhamihira said - Sun is Agni, Moon is Varuna, Mars is Subrahmanya

(Skanda), Mercury is Vishnu, Jupiter is Indra, Venus is Indrani (wife of Indra), Saturn is
Brahma. In general, astrologers (refer Sri PVR Narasimha Rao's text book on astrology, page
400, table 78):
 Sun - Siva, Rama
 Moon - Gauri, Lalita, Saraswati, Krishna
 Mars - Hanuman, Rudra, Kartikeya (Skanda), Nrsimha
 Mercury - Vishnu, Narayana, Buddha
 Jupiter - Hayagreeva, Vishnu, Parameswara, Dattatreya, Any guru
 Venus - Lakshmi, Parvati
 Saturn - Vishnu, Brahma
 Rahu - Durga, Nrsimha
 Ketu - Ganesa

Also, I would strongly recommend reading this excellent piece of article on predicting
ishtadevata (ishta - like, devata - deity) using jeevanmuktamsa.

Apart from these general rules, I'm listing down some specific rules from the classics.

From Jaimini Sutras by Jaimini Maharshi:

Note that there are alternative interpretation for the Jaimini sutras. In this context, some
interpretations say that it is the 12th house from karakamsa that matters and not the
karakamsa itself.

 If Sun and Ketu are in karakamsa, one would pray to Lord Siva.
 If Moon is in karakamsa, one would pray to Gouri (consort of Lord Siva).
 If Venus is in karakamsa, one would pray to Lakshmi (consort of Lord Vishnu).
 If Mars is in karakamsa, one would pray to Skanda (son of Lord Siva).
 If Mercury and Saturn is in karakamsa, one would pray to Lord Vishnu.
 If Jupiter is in karakamsa, one would pray to Sambasiva (Siva, along with Parvati).
 If Rahu is in karakamsa, one would pray to either Durga or tamasic forms (aggressive
deities or evil spirits).
 If Ketu is in karakamsa, one would pray to Ganesa and Skanda.
 If Saturn or Venus occupies karakamsa in a cruel sign, the person becomes a great
devotee of evil spirits.
 If the 5th or 9th from karakamsa are occupied by evil planets, the person becomes an
black magician. If evil planets aspect them, it is more intense. If benefics aspect them,
the native would exorcise evil spirits.

From Phaladeepika by Mantreswara:

 If the Lord of the lagna, the Sun and the Moon are in exaltation, their own sign or a
friend's sign, occupy quadrant or trine, Srikantha (Sri - poison, Kantha - throat) Yoga
is formed. The native will be devoted to Lord Siva and he will be virtuous. The native
will be tolerant to other opinions about God (religions).
 If Venus, the lord of the 9th and Mercury be in similar positions (as the previous rule),
the formed yoga is called Srinatha (Sri - prosperity, Goddess Lakshmi, naatha - lord)
yoga. The native born with this yoga will be prosperous, soft-spoken and be devoted
to Lord Narayana.
 If Jupiter, the lord of the 5th and Saturn be similarly disposed, the yoga formed is
called Virinchi (Lord Brahma) Yoga. The native born with this yoga will be inclined
towards Lord Brahma. He will not deviate from the instructions in Vedas. He will
have noble speech, complete control over his sense and will be respected by kings.
From Brhat Parasara Hora Sastra by Parasara Muni:

 If lord of 1st house is in 9th house (dharmabhaavah), the native will be fortunate,
dear to people and be a devotee of Sri Vishnu. (Chapter 24)
 If lord of 4th house (bandhubhaavah) is in 5th house (putrabhaavam), the native will
have self-earned wealth, be virtuous and be devoted to Sri Vishnu.
 If Guru is in Prakasavastha and exalted, the native will be devoted to Sri Krishna. To
compute the Sayanadyavastha (Chapter 45), please read this excellent write-up.
 If Sani is in Prakasavastha, the native will be devoted to Lord Siva.
 (Chapter-33) Depending on the 12th from karakamsa in navamsa (D-9):
o if it has a 1. benefic exalted or in his own house OR 2. Ketu along with or
aspected by a benefic -- the native will reach heaven.
o if Ketu is in Mesha or Dhanus (which happens to be 12th from karakamsa) and
aspected by a benefic, one would attain full enlightenment. If aspected by a
malefic, one would NOT attain full enlightenment.
o If Ketu and Sun are there, the native will worship Lord Siva.
o Moon and Ketu indicate Gouri.
o Venus and Ketu indicate Lakshmi.
o Mars and Ketu indicate Subrahmanya.
o Rahu indicates Durga or an aggressive/negative deity.
o Ketu in isolation indicates Ganesa or Subrahmanya.
o Saturn indicates negative deities.
o Venus and Saturn together indicate negative deities.
 All the above rules can be applied to the 6th from Karakamsa in Navamsa.