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A Plan for Iyanola -

North East Coast


Simone Landucci
Open Plan Consultants Ltd
Project Overview

The stated goal of the Iyanola-Natural Resource Management of the


North East Coast - Iyanola project:

“improve the effective management and sustainable use of


the natural resource base of the NE Coast, as part of the
broader objective of contributing to global
environmental security”

Government of Saint Lucia


• Department of Sustainable Development
• Physical Planning Section
Project Overview

4 project components:

Enhanced land use planning and regulatory framework - as applied to


NE Coast;

Enhanced sustainable land management and carbon benefits in


deciduous seasonal and low montane rainforest zones; 


Conservation of Iyanola; 


Enhanced Capacity for the production of biodiversity friendly goods


and services in inland forest and coastal communities.

Project Structure

Land Use Plan within the North-East Coast Iyanola


Region
Project Structure

Land Use Plan within the North-East Coast Iyanola


Region

…coordinated with related consultancies, focusing on:

• Ecosystem Services Valuation (ESV) and Critical Species


Case Studies

• Biodiversity Friendly Goods and Services for Sustainable


Livelihoods Market Research and Needs Assessments

• Planning and Development Policies with Options for


Economic and Fiscal Instruments
Project Structure

How have we integrated our work with other consultancies?

• Shared repository of data, documents and deliverables

• Sharing information and findings

• Joint working with ESV and Critical Species’ Consultant team

•Incorporating the data, conclusions and recommendations of the Biodiversity


Friendly Goods and Services for Sustainable Livelihoods Market Research and
Needs Assessments Consultant team as input to the Plan

•Providingthe Planning and Development Policies with Options for Economic


and Fiscal Instruments Consultant team with recommendations and conclusions
Place Overview

Iyanola - Natural Resource Management of the NE Coast Project

“the only remaining frontier with a combination of rare


and endemic flora and fauna species, landscapes of
outstanding natural beauty and quality, ecosystems
rich in bio-diversity and unique dry scrub forests
ecosystems and pristine beaches”.
[Project ToR}
Place Overview
The Place and its People
61°0'W 60°55'W

-10
-2
Cas En Bas
14°5'N

• from Cas en Bas (North) to Fond D’or


Beausejour/Ndc
-2 0
-2 0

Monchy/Mount Layau 0
- -1 0
5

(South)
0
Monchy/Cardinal
0
0

Fostin's Development
-2

Cletus Village Monchy Dauphin


• from coastline (East) to the boundary
of the NW quadrant (West)
Ravine Macock La Borne

-5 Malgretoute
Monchy/La Borne/Sans Souci
Desrameaux

-1 0
Morne Citon
Plateau
Marquis Estate
• 13% of St Lucia’s total land area
La Guerre

includes proposed area for National


Paix Bouche

10 •
-

La Croix Boguis
Desa Blond Des Barras/Cacolie

Park
Babonneau Proper
GrosIslet

-2 0
14°0'N

Garrand
Resinard Area of Investigation -
Cacoa/Babonneau Talvern Fond Assau
Des Barras 0 IYANOLA REGION
Guesneau
En Pois Doux
Chassin
• falls within 3 districts
includes valuable ecosystems and
Forestiere Caille Des


Forest Reserve
La Sorciere

-50
Castries

Gadette
Louvet
species, including internationally
Piton Flore

Despinoze
protected species such as turtles and
0

Derniere Riviere/Fond Petit

Anse La Raye
Au Leon
Lumiere
Fond D'or
iguanas
Scale: 1:95,000
Dennery 0 1 2
• several large private estates
-20
13°55'N

Kilometers

Map Of Land Coverage and Settlements within the Iyanola Region (NEC-IR)
Legend
Client : Ministry of Sustainable
Development, Energy,
• low population density, population of
Science and Technology

c12,500
Coastal Features Land Coverage Classifications Lower Montane Rainforest
Builtup Areas Mangrove
Beach
Cliff
Deciduous Seasonal Forest Mixed Farming with Deciduous Seasonal Forest Consultant
Rock
Deciduous Seasonal Forest and Grassland Mixed Farming with Lower Montane Forest
Group :

sparse road access


Elfin Shrublands Mixed Farming with Semi Evergreen Seasonal Forest


Bathemmetry

Ì
Iyanola District
Freshwater Swamp Forest
Fumarole Vegetation
Montane Rainforest
Semi-evergreen Seasonal Forest
Project :Land Use Plan for the North
Settlements within NEC-IR Herbaceous Swamp Under Construction East Coast Iyanola Region
Settlements within NEC-IR Intensive Farming
(NEC-IR) in St. Lucia
ANSE DU CAP CAP ESTATE
4'
' 4
4
' 4PIGEON POINT
' POINT HARDY
4
'
PIGEON ISLAND (NATIONAL PARK)

ANSE LA VOUTTE
CAS EN BAS 4
'
4
' COMERETTE
RODNEY BAY 4
'
4
'
4
'
BONNE TERRE
4
'
4 REDUIT PARK
'
4
'
4BOIS D'ORANDE TROU SALLEE
'
4
'
MONGIRAUD CORINTHE
4 '
' 4 LA FEUILLET
4
'
GRANDE RIVIERE
4
' MONCHY
VIEUX SUCREIC 4
'
4
'
LA BORNE
MARISULE 4
'
4
'
MORNE SERPENT DAUPHIN
4
' 4
'

CHOC
4
'
BISE'E
4
'

CARRALIE
4
' BALATA
4
'

CABICHE GRANDE ANSE


4
' 4
'
Area of Investigation -
MARCHAND RESINARD
4
' GIRARDGIRARD
4
' 4
' IYANOLA DISTRICT
FOND ASSAU CHASSIN
GUESNEAU 4
'
4
' 4
'
FERRAND
4
'

DEGLOS
4
'
FORESTIERE
4'
' 4COOLIE TOWN

LOUVET
4
'
FLOSSAC
4
'
DERNIERE RIVIERE
MARC ESTATE 4
'
BEXON 4
' AU LEON
4
' BELMONT 'DESPINOZE
4
4
' 4
'
SARROT
4
' L'ABBAYE LA RESSOURCE
GRANDE RAVINE
4
' 4
' 4
'

GRANDE RIVIERE RICHE FOND


4
' 4
'
4
'
BOSQUET DOR Scale: 1:95,000
MORNE PANACHE
4
'
DAME DE TRAVERSAY
0 2 4
4
' Kilometers
BOIS JOLLY
4
'

Map Of Iyanola Region (AOI) with World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) Client : Ministry of Sustainable
Legend
Development, Energy,
Science and Technology

Ì
Coastal_Features Road Network Designation Category
Type
Beach
Road Class
Highway
Marine Management Area
National Park
Consultant
Cliff surfaced National Park and Marine Management Area Group :
Rock unsurfaced Protected Forest / Forest Reserve
Iyanola District track Rivers
Project :Land Use Plan for the North
Ocean footpath Artificialised East Coast Iyanola Region
4
' Major Towns No (NEC-IR) in St. Lucia
Project Overview

“Spatial Development Plan”…

… a plan to guide and manage the spatial effects and


requirements of an integrative strategy to promote the
social, economic and environmental health of the
region and its communities.
What is happening?

1. Getting Started
2. Baseline
Information Analysis
What
matter
most? s
9. Adjust & Modify

sI it g?
ki n
or
w 8. Monitoring
& Evaluation
The Plan-Making 3. Set Objectives

Cycle
4. Identify Options
7. Implementation

6. Plan 5. Evaluate Options

What can be done about it?


Situational Analysis
What we know?
Ecosystems
Marine, Mangrove, Deciduous Forest, Evergreen Forest
• Hosts some of the island’s most valuable ecosystems and species
• Key habitats such as coral reef, mangroves and tropical forests
• Home to internationally protected species
• Designated marine reserves
Agriculture
• Some parts of the region are extensively farmed.
• Major agricultural areas along the Marquis River and the Dauphin
River lead to local agricultural reliance.
• Traditional forms of agriculture are agro-forestry and silvo-pasture.
• Scope for diversifying and expanding productive agriculture exists.

Forestry
• Large percentages of people employed in forestry in Chassin, Des Barra
and Aux Leon
• Forests cover a significant proportion of the region
• Proposed National Park

Minerals
• Some limited mineral extraction activities, mostly for basalt
• Sand mining currently poses the biggest concern
Fisheries

• The marine ecosystems act


as nurseries for marine
species
• Make significant contribution
to several species
communities.
• Fisheries need to be
sustainably managed.

Minerals • Tract of sea adjoining the


region is rich in marine
wildlife
Populations & Settlements

-10
-2
Cas En Bas

-2

-1 0
-

5
0 Monchy/Mount Layau
0
-2

Dauphin
Monchy

Monchy/La Borne/Sans Souci

-100
-5
0
-2

-1 0 Monier Marquis Estate

00
• Most settlements located

-2
La Guerre
Paix Bouche
10

- 20
Boguis
-

around the western and


Boguis/Desa Blond

Garrand

Area of Investigation -

0
Des Barras

southern edges
IYANOLA REGION
Cacoa/Babonneau

• Population density low


Caille Des
Forest Reserve
Forestiere

-50
La Sorciere

Gadette Louvet
• Population has grown in
Au Leon
0

Lumiere
the last 10 years
Scale: 1:95,000
-20

0
0 2 4
Kilometers

Map Of Iyanola Region (AOI) with Overlay of Population by Settlements Client : Ministry of Sustainable
Development, Energy,
Legend
Science and Technology

Ì
Coastal Features Road Network Population by Settlement
Type Road Class 0 - 81 persons Consultant
Beach Highway 82 - 248 persons Group :
Cliff surfaced 249 - 502 persons
Rock unsurfaced 503 - 910 persons Project :Land Use Plan for the North
Iyanola District track 911 - 1696 persons East Coast Iyanola Region
Bathemmetry footpath 1697 - 2577 persons (NEC-IR) in St. Lucia
Tourism & Cultural Heritage

-1 0
-2
-2
-2 0
0

-1 0
-
5

0
0
-2

Gros Islet
• Tourism currently minimal due
-20

-5

-100
in part to inaccessibility.
-1 0

• Several planning proposals for


- 20
-1 0

0
golf courses, hotels etc.
Castries • Opportunities for “eco”,
cultural and heritage-based
-50
Forest Reserve

tourism development
0

Dennery
• Need for preservation and
Scale: 1:95,000
restoration of heritage assets.
Anse La Raye
-20

0
0 2 4
Kilometers

Legend
Client : Ministry of Sustainable

Ì
&
!
Coastal_Features Districts Designation Classes
Type
Fort
Bathemmetry Forest Reserve
Development, Energy,
Science and Technology
Beach
Cliff
[
e Historical Site
Iyanola Region Historic Site
National Landmark
Rock
Shipwreck
National Park Consultant
Site Descriptions Protected Landscape
Group :
[
¿ Archeological Site
Unclassified

b Brigand Site
õ Sugar Mill
Map Of Iyanola Region (AOI)
Project :Land Use Plan for the North
East Coast Iyanola Region
[
p Distillery Water Mill
Overlayed with Historical Designations
(NEC-IR) in St. Lucia
Transport and Infrastructure
61°0'W 60°55'W

-10
-2
Cas En Bas
14°5'N

Beausejour/Ndc
-20 -2 0
Monchy/Mount Layau 0
- -10

5
0
Monchy/Cardinal
0
0

Fostin's Development
-2

Monchy Dauphin
Cletus Village

-5
Ravine Macock

Desrameaux
La Borne

Malgretoute
Monchy/La Borne/Sans Souci
• Very few surface roads,
-1 0
Morne Citon
Plateau
La Guerre
Marquis Estate
remote parts of the
Paix Bouche

10
region only accessible by
-

La Croix Boguis
Desa Blond Des Barras/Cacolie
Babonneau Proper
GrosIslet

-2 0
unsurfaced roads
14°0'N

Garrand
Resinard

0
Cacoa/Babonneau Des Barras
Talvern Fond Assau
Area of Investigation -
Chassin IYANOLA REGION

This is constraining
Guesneau
En Pois Doux

Forestiere
Forest Reserve
Caille Des

La Sorciere

development in the area


-50
Castries

Gadette

Proposed development
Louvet
Piton Flore

Despinoze

0

Derniere Riviere/Fond Petit

se La Raye
Au Leon
Lumiere
Fond D'or
of ‘North-South Link
Scale: 1:95,000
Dennery 0 1 2
Road’ - impacts of this
-20
13°55'N

Kilometers

are being considered.


Map Of Settlements within the Iyanola Region (NEC-IR) and Proposed Road (Option 2) Client : Ministry of Sustainable
Development, Energy,
Proposed Road (Option 1) Legend Science and Technology
Proposed Road (Option 2) Coastal Features Forest Reserve Consultant
Bathemmetry Forest Reserve
Beach
Iyanola District
Group :
Cliff
Rock
CASTRIES Project :Land Use Plan for the North
DENNERY East Coast Iyanola Region
GROS ISLET (NEC-IR) in St. Lucia
Key Issues
Ecosystems (mangrove and marine)
Degradation of important nesting sites
Need for sustainable harvesting of trees
Overfishing/poaching is unsustainable
River pollution is indirectly effecting the maintenance of mangroves

Ecosystems (deciduous and evergreen forest)


Deforestation is leading to a huge loss of vital forest ecosystems
Forests are being cleared for tourism purposes, developments etc
Poaching of local fauna is having an adverse impact on ecosystem
Key Issues
Agriculture
Inefficient agriculture production
Poor roads causing transport limitations
Invasive domestic animals afflicting protected species

Climate Change and Natural Hazards


Droughts and desertification increasing
Little consideration currently given to climate change when
development proposals are currently assessed
Key Issues
Tourism Development
Untapped opportunities for eco-tourism and culture-based tourism
Potential impact of large scale tourism development on
environmental health and availability of agriculture land

Cultural and Heritage Assets


Archeological remains and historical heritage neglected
Untapped opportunities for culture-based tourism, creative and
recreational industry
Need of physical facilities to support arts and cultural
development
Key Issues
Settlements and Communities
Au Leon has an overcrowding issue
Informal development numbers are on the rise
Socio-economic dislocation as some areas grow faster than others
Many have moved to Castries over recent years
Developments currently sometimes encroach on agricultural land

Transport and Infrastructure


Road improvements often result in uncontrolled
residential development
Currently too few metalled roads
Lack of sufficient infrastructure is consequently
hampering growth
The Vision

From consideration of issues that need to be


addressed and discussions with stakeholders, the
following draft vision has been formulated:
The Vision
Iyanola will serve as a national and international example
of best-practice in putting ecological health first whilst
enabling communities to develop the homes, livelihoods
and social and physical infrastructure that they need.

Iyanola will be a place of national and international


significance; an iconic place, renowned for its blending of
nature, enterprise, culture and history.
The Guiding Principles
These are 3 principles that should be followed when
making decisions about change and development in
Iyanola
Community Participation

Mainstreaming

Sustainable Development & Resilience


The Objectives

Developments, interventions and activities across


Iyanola need to be in line with these 13 objectives in
order to achieve the Vision for Iyanola in the future…
• Objective 1-Well-Being

• Objective 2-Accessibility

• Objective 3-Providing for Local Needs

• Objective 4-Disaster Risk Reduction

• Objective 5-Climate Change Response

• Objective 6-Environmental Quality


• Objective 7-Natural Heritage

• Objective 8-Cultural Heritage

• Objective 9-Ecosystem Services

• Objective 10-Sustaining Productive Resources and Infrastructure


• Objective 11-Traditional and Cultural Activities and Livelihoods

• Objective 12-Sustainable Tourism

• Objective 13-Innovative Livelihoods


Spatial Strategy Options

Accessibility and Movement


Resource Extraction/Use Other Employment/Livelihoods

Selective Accessibility
Mangrove Ecosystem

Deciduous Forest Ecosystem


Housing
Main Distinguishing Features
Cultural Value and Assets

Minimal Accessibility Tourism Evergreen Ecosystem

Marine and Coastal Ecosystem


Maximal Accessibility
Fisheries

Social Infrastructure
Agriculture
Forestry
Maximal Accessibility Option
Maximal Accessibility
Maximal Accessibility
Maximal Accessibility
Maximal Accessibility
Maximal Accessibility
Maximal Accessibility
Maximal Accessibility
Maximal Accessibility
Minimal Accessibility Option
Minimal Accessibility
Minimal Accessibility
Minimal Accessibility
Minimal Accessibility
Minimal Accessibility
Minimal Accessibility
Selective Accessibility Option
Selective Accessibility
Selective Accessibility
Selective Accessibility
Selective Accessibility
Selective Accessibility
Selective Accessibility
Selective Accessibility
Sustainability & Resilience Appraisal
Natural
and
Other Human
employme Resource Cultural Social Marine and Deciduous Disaster
Accessibility nt/livelihoo extraction Value/Asse Infrastructu Mangrove Coastal Forest Evergreen and
and Movement Agriculture Fisheries Forestry Housing Tourism ds and use ts re Ecosystem Ecosystem Ecosystem Ecosystem Resilience
S&R Obj 1 - Develop and promote a positive cultural 1 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 2 -1 0 -1 -2 -2 -2 -2
SUSTAINABILITY & RESILIENCE OBJECTIVES - SUSTAINABILITY & RESILIENCE OBJECTIVES - SUSTAINABILITY & RESILIENCE OBJECTIVES

relationship between people and the land. 2 2 1 1 2 2 0 1 1 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1

Option Impact
0 -1 1 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 1 0 0 0 -1
S&R Obj 2 - Enhance the contribution of land to 2 2 2 2 -1 1 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 0 1
economic development, including poverty reduction, 1 2 1 1 2 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
food security, and employment and revenue -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0
generation
S&R Obj opportunities
3 - Establish for patterns
and maintain all citizens
of land 1 -1 -2 -1 1 -1 0 1 0 0 -1 -2 -2 -1 -2
use and development that are responsible and 2 2 0 0 2 2 0 1 0 0 1 -1 -1 0 -1
sustainable, and that maintain options for future uses, -1 -1 1 1 1 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
S&R supporting the rehabilitation,
Obj 4 - Maximize restoration
the effectiveness and
and efficiency 2 -1 1 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
of landmanagement
managementof degraded systems
institutions, lands. and 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
procedures, and a framework for the management, 0 -1 0 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
resolution
S&R Obj or5avoidance of conflicts
- Build productive related&to
capacity land and
expand 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 0
growthits uses
opportunities 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 2 2 0 0 1 1 1

✔✔ Very Positive
-1 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 6 - Build strong institutions that are a 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
platform for growth and development 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 7 - Provide for Infrastructure, Connectivity & 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 1 2 0 0 2 0 0
Energy as key for Growth & Competitiveness 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 1 2 2 0 0 1 0 0

✔ Positive
-1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 8 - Build Social Resilience and Social Capital 1 0 0 -1 1 0 1 1 -1 2 0 0 1 0 2
1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 1
0 0 0 -1 0 1 1 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 0
S&R Obj 9 - Enhance the Labour Force through: 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0
Education, Training & Workforce Development 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0

- Neutral
0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 10 - Promote sustainable mixed-income 1 -1 0 0 2 -2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
housing developments that meet the needs of all 1 1 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
socio-economic groups and also takes cognizance of 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 11 the needs of
- Develop an vulnerable groups
effective and comprehensive 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
legislative and administrative framework that supports 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1

✘ Negative
housing development. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
S&R Obj 12 - Increase the efficiency and 1 2 0 2 -2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
competitiveness of the island’s agriculture 1 1 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
S&R Obj 13 - Promote the generation, adaptation and 1 2 2 0 0 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
adoption of improved and appropriate technology 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

✘✘ Very Negative
-1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 14 - Generate new opportunities for 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
employment and income generation in rural areas 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0
0 -1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 15 - Establish tourism as a strategic economic 2 2 1 2 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1
development priority 1 2 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
S&R Obj 16 - Improve continuously the quality of the 2 2 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
tourism experience and product 1 2 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
S&R Obj 17 - Encourage and foster the participation of 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
stakeholders in planning and decisionmaking for 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
effective protection, management and development 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
of land.
S&R Obj 18 - Foster active participation of civil society 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
institutions, community-based organizations and 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
individuals, public private partnerships in the provision 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
of sustainable housing, promoting insitutional 1 0 0 1 1 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
S&R Obj 19 -  Facilitate the provision of adequate
capacity-building as necessary. 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
and affordable public services and infrastructure to all,
notably in health, education, public utilities, water 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0
supply, sanitation
S&R Obj 20 - Providerecreation and transportation
opportunities for outdoor 1 0 1 0 0 -2 0 0 -1 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1
recreation and enjoyment of Saint Lucia’s natural and 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 -1 0 1 0
cultural heritage. 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 2 0 1 0 -1
S&R Obj 21 - Raise understanding, awareness and -2 0 -1 -2 -2 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -2
appreciation of the island’s rich landscape beauty and 0 0 2 1 -1 2 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0
natural and cultural heritage, conserving and 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 1 1 0 -1
enhancing
S&R Obj them for the benefit
22 - Maintain, restoreand
andenjoyment of all.
promote the -2 -1 -2 -2 -2 -1 1 1 0 0 -1 -2 -2 -2 -1
integrity and diversity of terrestrial and marine 0 0 0 0 -1 1 1 1 0 0 0 -1 -1 1 1
ecosystems process, species and genes 2 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 -1
S&R Obj 23 - Maintain and enhance the contribution -1 -1 1 1 -2 -1 1 2 -1 0 2 1 0 0 -1
of ecosystems' services and natural resources to 1 2 2 2 -1 1 1 2 0 0 2 1 0 1 1
economic, social and cultural development, and 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 -1
S&R Obj 24human healththe
- Safeguard and well-being.
quality and continuity of 0 -1 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 -2 -2 0 -2 -2
the country’s water supply. 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 -1 0 0 1
1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -2
S&R Obj 25 - Adapt for Environmental Sustainability -2 -1 -1 -2 0 -1 1 2 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 -2
and Climate Change 0 1 0 -1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 -1 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -2
S&R Obj 26 - Encourage the incorporation of hazard 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
mitigation measures in all public and private sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
development planning initiatives and programme 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
budgets.
S&R Obj 27 - Increase the awareness of hazard 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
mitigation at every level of society and encourage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
their involvement in hazard risk reduction. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
S&R Obj 28 - Foster a collaborative approach to 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
hazard risk reduction among all stakeholder groups. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Iyanola Heritage Coast and Forest

• Extension and restoration of existing unpaved road will be supported, provided that roads
remain informal in character.

• Small-scale and low impact eco-hotel developments, as well as other non-residential


hospitality infrastructure, will be supported within the Heritage Forest and in proximity to
Beaches and Marine Reserves, provided that they have no detrimental impact on the
ecosystem and historical assets.

• Silviculture, agroforestry, and sustainable timber extraction will be supported in the Mangrove
area and Heritage Forest, provided that they have no detrimental impact on the ecosystem,
historical assets, and the overall landscape characteristics and qualities of the area.

• Development connected with fishery activities will be supported where it meets current
demand and does not contribute to unsustainable harvesting and overfishing.

• Development connected with the restoration and conservation of historic heritage assets will
be supported

• Residential Development will not normally be supported within Iyanola Heritage Coast and
Forest
Iyanola Heritage Coast and Forest
Iyanola Forest Reserve

• Extension and restoration of existing unpaved road will be supported, provided that roads
remain informal in character.

• Small-scale and low impact developments connected with eco-tourism activities will be
supported, provided they cause no harm to protected species or their nesting areas and do
not normally result in tourists staying in the Reserve overnight.

• Silviculture, agroforestry and sustainable timber extraction will be supported where they have
no detrimental impact on the ecosystem, historical assets, and the overall landscape
characteristics and qualities of the area.

• Development connected with the conservation and restoration of the Reserves will be
supported.

• Residential development will not be supported.


Iyanola Forest Reserve
Farmlands

• Extension and restoration of existing unpaved road will be supported, provided that roads
remain informal in character.

• Within Iyanola’s Farmed Areas, development connected with agriculture, silviculture and
agroforestry activities, including sustainable timber and charcoal extraction, will be supported.

• Small-scale and low impact development connected with sustainable tourism activities will be
supported, provided there will be no detrimental impact on agricultural productivity.

• Residential development will be supported only where it supports - and is necessary for - the
efficient operation of farm units.
Farmlands
Settlements

The Iyanola Settlements Policy Areas include the communities where


most people in the region live. In this Plan the settlements are
grouped in to the following Policy Areas:

• Growth Centres: Babonneau and Monchy;


• Tourism Development Centre: Desbarra;
• Rural Centre: Au Leon;
• Other Settlements.

Within all settlements, the production of Community Action Plans


setting out settlement-specific development strategies will be
supported. It is intended that there will be a high degree of
community involvement in the preparation of such plans.
Settlements
Growth Centres:
Babonneau and Monchy;

A wide range of developments are to be supported in


Babonneau and Monchy, including housing, commercial,
industrial, tourism, and community facilities. These centres
should be allowed to grow both in term of activities and
residents, provided that an adequate level of services and
accessibility is delivered.
Other Settlements

• These centres will be allowed to grow moderately within and adjacent


to the existing settlement footprint, provided that this does not have a
detrimental impact on productive agricultural lands and protected
species, and that an adequate level of services and accessibility is
delivered.

• Within that limited-growth context, a wide range of developments are


supported, including residential, commercial, industrial, small-scale
tourism, and community facilities.

• Accessibility works, such as improvement and maintenance of roads


within and connecting settlements, will be supported.
Tourism Development
Centre: Desbarra

• Development supported in Desbarra includes housing


(within or adjoining the settlement footprint), tourism, and
commercial facilities, provided that they do not have an
unsustainable, detrimental impact on the surrounding
Forest Reserves and Heritage Forest.

• Desbarra is identified as a potential Tourism Development


Centre, a place for visitors to share in local culture and
from which they may explore the central part of the
Iyanola Region
Rural Centre:
Au Leon

• A range of development is supported in Au Leon, such as


commercial, tourism, and community facilities, provided
that they contribute to the rationalisation of the
settlement and both physical and economic
improvements.

• Residential development will be supported within and


adjacent to the existing settlement footprint, where it
delivers acceptable standards of urban density, amenity,
accessibility, services and community facilities.
Rural Area

• Within the Rural Policy Area, residential development will normally only be
supported if helps to promote the rationalisation strategy, meet social housing
needs, or is necessary for efficient operation of farm units.

• Residential development should not take place on the most productive


agricultural land in the area.

• Development connected with agriculture, silviculture and agroforestry activities,


including sustainable timber and charcoal extraction, will be supported,
provided that it does not have a detrimental impact on ecosystems and
protected species.

• Other forms of development, such as for industrial, commercial and tourism


uses, will be supported where they are of an appropriate scale and do not have
a detrimental impact on productive agricultural areas, forested areas,
ecosystems, biodiversity and protected species.

Rural Area
Infrastructure

North-South Link Road Policy

• The “Roadway Alignment Option 2 – Castries Route”, as proposed in the


North-South Link Road Feasibility Study - Draft Final Report Volume 1 and
shown on the Policy Map, is supported. Option 1 (which would cut more
centrally through the Iyanola Region) is not supported.

Rivers and Water Cycle Policy

• Development that results in the pollution of water courses or the modification


of river flows, and consequently has a detrimental impact on water quality and
ecosystems, will not be supported. Development that improves water quality
and reduces river siltation will be supported.
North South Link Road
Climate Change and
Environmental Protection

Disaster Risk Reduction Policy

• When development is proposed in the Plan Area, it will be necessary to demonstrate how
the potential impacts of hazards, both of natural and human origin (and including climate
change-related extreme events) have been taken into account, by preparation of a Risk and
Resilience Assessment, where requested.

• Development should mostly occur in areas of minimal risk, whilst solutions should be
implemented to minimise risk in areas of moderate risk. In areas of high risk, development
will not normally be supported.

Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment Policy

• Any Development within the Iyanola Heritage Forest and Coast and Forest Reserve should
be subject to Environmental Impact Assessment. Any plans and strategic documents, such
as Management Plans and Community Action Plan, should be subject to Strategic
Environmental Assessment.

Consultation

• You will be able to access the online questionnaire, the


Executive Summary of the Draft Land Use Plan, the full
Draft Land Use Plan, the Baseline Information Report,
online at the following link.

• Alternatively, hard copies of the above mentioned


document and of the questionnaire will be available on the
following locations.

• The consultation period will ed on 08/10/2018 at 12:00 am


(4 weeks)
Thank you