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REPUBLIC OF LEBANON MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS AND TRANSPORT DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF CIVIL AVIATION LARs

REPUBLIC OF LEBANON MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS AND TRANSPORT

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF CIVIL AVIATION

LARs

LEBANESE

AVIATION

REGULATIONS

Republic of Lebanon

LARs LEBANESE AVIATION REGULATIONS Republic of Lebanon Part VII Commercial Air Services Subpart 6 Aircraft

Part VII Commercial Air Services

Subpart 6 Aircraft Maintenance Requirements for Air Operators

Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation Lebanese

Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII, Subpart 6 Table of Contents

LEBANESE AVIATION REGULATIONS (LARs)

Part VII – Commercial Air Services

Subpart 6 – Aircraft Maintenance Requirements for Air Operators

Table of Contents

1

706.02 Maintenance Control System ……………………………………………………. 1

706.03 Person Responsible for Maintenance Control System …………………………. 1

706.04 Maintenance Personnel and Facilities …………………………………………… 1

706.05 Defect Rectification and Control Procedures ………………………………………. 1

706.06 Technical Dispatch Procedures ……………………………………………………. 2

706.07 Evaluation Program ………………………………………………………………… 2

706.08 Maintenance Control Manual (MCM) …………………………………………… 2

706.01 Application

……………………………………………………………………

706.09 Maintenance Arrangements ………………………………………………………

3

706.10 Elementary Work …………………………………………………………………

3

706.11 Servicing …………………………………………………………………………. 4

706.12 Training Program ………………………………………………………………… 4

706.13 Personnel Records …………………………………………………………………

4

706.14 Service Difficulty Repor ting …………………………………………………… 4

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation Lebanese

Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 Aircraft Maintenance Requirements

Subpart 6 - Aircraft Maintenance Requirements for Air Operators

706.01 Application

This Subpart applies to every person who operates an aircraft in a commercial air service under this Part.

706.02 Maintenance Control System

No person shall operate an aircraft unless the aircraft is maintained in accordance with a maintenance control system that:

(a)

meets the requirements of this Subpart; and

(b)

is described in the air operator's maintenance control manual (MCM) required by Section 706.08.

706.03

Person Responsible for Maintenance Control System

(1) An air operator shall:

(a)

appoint a senior manager of its staff to be responsible for its maintenance control system;

(b)

ensure that the person who is responsible for its maintenance control system demonstrates competence by complying with the Commercial Air Service Standards; and

(c)

authorize the person who is responsible for its maintenance control system to remove

aircraft from operation because of non-compliance with the requirements of these Regulations or because the operation of the aircraft could have an adverse effect on the safety of the aircraft, other aircraft, persons, animals or property. (2) Where an air operator is the holder of an approved maintenance organization (AMO) certificate issued pursuant to Section 545.02, the person appointed pursuant to Subsection (1)(a) shall be the person responsible for the maintenance control system of the AMO, appointed pursuant to Subsection

545.03(1)(a).

(3) The person who is responsible for a maintenance control system may assign to another person management functions for specific maintenance control activities if the assignment and the assigned functions are described in the air operator's maintenance control manual (MCM) in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

706.04 Maintenance Personnel and Facilities

An air operator shall provide the person who is responsible for its maintenance control system with the staff, facilities, technical and regulatory data, supplies and spare parts referred to in the Commercial Air Service Standards that are necessary to ensure compliance with this Subpart.

706.05 Defect Rectification and Control Procedures

An air operator shall include in its maintenance control system the procedures referred to in the Commercial Air Service Standards for:

(a)

recording aircraft defects;

(b)

ensuring that defects are rectified in accordance with the requirements of these Regulations;

(c)

detecting defects that recur and identifying those defects as recurring defects; and

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(d) subject to Sections 605.09 and 605.10, scheduling the rectification of defects whose repair has been deferred.

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Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 Aircraft Maintenance Requirements

706.06 Technical Dispatch Procedures

(1) An air operator shall include in its maintenance control system technical dispatch procedures to ensure that aircraft are not operated unless they are:

(a)

airworthy;

(b)

appropriately equipped, configured and maintained for their intended use; and

(c)

maintained in accordance with the air operator's maintenance control manual (MCM).

(2) Where an additional flight authority has been issued in respect of an aircraft pursuant to Section 507.08, the technical dispatch procedures required by this Section shall include procedures to control

the use of that additional flight authority. (3) Where an air operator has a fleet empty weight and balance control program approved in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards, the technical dispatch procedures required by this Section shall include specific procedures that

(a)

ensure the quality of the program by meeting the applicable requirements of the Commercial Air Service Standards; and

(b)

ensure that accurate empty weight and balance data for each aircraft to which the program applies is provided to the flight crew of the aircraft, or is input into the program, prior to each flight.

706.07

Evaluation Program

(1) An air operator shall, in order to ensure that its maintenance control system and all of the included maintenance schedules continue to be effective and to comply with these Regulations, establish an evaluation program that meets the applicable requirements of the Commercial Air Service Standards. (2) The person appointed pursuant to Section 706.03 shall ensure that the records relating to the findings resulting from an evaluation program are efficiently distributed and controlled in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

706.08 Maintenance Control Manual (MCM)

(1) An air operator shall establish, maintain and authorize the use of a maintenance control manual (MCM) that contains information to ensure the efficiency of the maintenance control system, as set out in the Commercial Air Service Standards. (2) The Minister may authorize the incorporation by reference in an MCM of detailed procedures manuals prepared by the air operator, where:

(a)

the policies affecting the detailed procedures remain in the MCM;

(b)

the incorporation is clearly indicated in the MCM;

(c)

the air operator ensures that the incorporated manuals meet the requirements of this Section; and

(d)

the person responsible for the air operator's maintenance control system, or the person

to whom the management function has been assigned pursuant to Subsection 706.03(3), has certified in writing that the incorporated manuals meet the requirements of this Section. (3) Except where otherwise authorized by the Minister in writing where it is demonstrated that the granting of the authorization will not jeopardize the safety of the product or service, an air operator shall comply with the policies and procedures contained in its MCM.

(4) An air operator shall submit each page of its MCM to the Minister for approval, either individually or in accordance with an equivalent procedure that meets the applicable requirements of the Commercial Air Service Standards. (5) An air operator shall amend its MCM when instructed to do so by the Minister where:

(a) the MCM does not meet the requirements of this Subpart; or

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Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 Aircraft Maintenance Requirements

(b) the MCM contains policies or procedures, or a lack thereof, such that the air

operator's maintenance control system no longer meets the requirements of these Regulations. (6) An air operator shall provide the means to ensure that a current copy of its MCM, or of the relevant portions of its MCM, is made available to each person who performs or certifies a function that is dealt with in the MCM or in any manual that is incorporated in the MCM in accordance with Subsection (2). (7) An air operator shall amend each copy of its MCM within 30 days after the approval of an amendment pursuant to subsection (4).

706.09 Maintenance Arrangements

(1) No air operator shall permit a person or organization to perform maintenance on the air operator's aircraft unless the person or organization has adequate facilities, equipment, spare parts and personnel available at the site where the maintenance is to be performed and

(a)

the person or organization holds an approved maintenance organization (AMO) certificate issued pursuant to Section 545.02 with a rating in a category applicable to the maintenance to be performed;

(b)

where the maintenance is to be performed outside Lebanon by a person or organization that does not hold an AMO certificate issued pursuant to Section 545.02, the person or organization has been approved under the laws of a state that is party to an agreement with Lebanon that provides for recognition of the work performed; or

(c)

in cases other than those described in Subsections (a) and (b), the performance of the maintenance by the person or organization has been approved by the Minister as being in conformity with these Regulations.

(2) An air operator shall ensure that a maintenance arrangement made with a person or organization pursuant to Subsection (1)

(a)

specifies the maintenance required and clearly defines the tasks to be performed; and

(b)

is made in accordance with the procedures governing maintenance arrangements

included in the MCM or is approved by the Minister as being in conformity with these Regulations. (3) Where an air operator makes a maintenance arrangement to have maintenance performed outside Lebanon by a person or organization that does not hold an AMO certificate issued pursuant to Section 545.02, the Minister shall, in the following cases, authorize the arrangement by issuing a maintenance specification to indicate that the maintenance control procedures set out in the arrangement conform to the Commercial Air Service Standards:

(a)

the maintenance is performed by a person or organization that has been approved in accordance with Subsection (1)(b) and the issuance of a maintenance specification is either required by the agreement or requested by the foreign state; or

(b)

the maintenance is performed in a state that is not party to an agreement with

Lebanon that provides for recognition of the work performed. (4) An air operator shall ensure the completion of all of the tasks defined in a maintenance arrangement in accordance with Subsection (2).

706.10 Elementary Work

No air operator shall authorize a person to perform, without supervision, a task that is elementary work set out in the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards unless the person

(a) has satisfactorily completed training for the task under a training program required by Section 706.12; and

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Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 Aircraft Maintenance Requirements

(b) has previously performed that task under the direct supervision of the holder of an aircraft maintenance engineer (AME) license or a training organization approved pursuant to Subpart 3 of Part IV.

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706.11 Servicing

An air operator shall ensure that each person who performs or requests the performance of servicing has satisfactorily completed training, under a training program required by Section 706.12, for the servicing to be performed.

706.12 Training Program

An air operator shall implement a training program to ensure that persons who are authorized to perform a function under this Subpart are trained in respect of the regulations, standards and air operator procedures applicable to that function, as specified in the Commercial Air Service Standards.

706.13 Personnel Records

(1) An air operator shall establish, maintain and retain for at least two years after an entry is made, for each affected person, a record of:

(a)

all personal qualifications in respect of any appointment made pursuant to Section

706.03;

(b)

any authorization to perform elementary work given in accordance with Section 706.10 and incorporated in the maintenance control manual (MCM) in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards; and

(c)

all training conducted pursuant to Section 706.12.

(2) The air operator shall provide a copy of each record required by subsection (1) to the person to whom the record refers on the completion of any training or the giving of an authorization referred to

in Subsection (1)(b).

706.14 Service Difficulty Reporting

An air operator shall report to the Minister any service difficulties related to the aircraft that it operates, in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards and with the requirements specified in Subpart 585 of Part V.

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation Lebanese

Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII, Subpart 6 / Standards Table of Contents

LEBANESE AVIATION REGULATIONS (LARs)

Part VII – Commercial Air Services Standards

Subpart 6 – Aircraft Maintenance Requirements for Air Operators

Standards s706.01 to s706.14

Table of Contents

Foreword …………………………………………………………………………….……… 1

s706.01

Application ………………………………………………………………………….

3

s706.02

Maintenance Control System

……………………………………………………

3

s706.03

Person Responsible for Maintenance Control System……………………………… 3

s706.04

Maintenance Personnel and Facilities …………………………………………… 5

s706.05

Defect Recording and Control

…………………………………………………….

5

s706.06

Technical Dispatch Procedures …………………………………………………… 6

6

s706.07

Air Operator Maintenance – Evaluation Program…………………………………

s706.08

Maintenance Control Manual …………………………………………………… 7

s706.09

Maintenance Arrangements ………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………

10

11

12

13

14

s706.10

Elementary Work for Air Operators ………………………………………………

s706.12

Training Program

s706.13

Personnel Records

s706.14

Service Difficulty Re porting

Appendix A -

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Fleet Empty Weight and Balance Control Program (TBD)

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

COMMERCIAL AIR SERVICES STANDARDS

Subpart 6 – Aircraft Maintenance Requirements for Air Operators s706.01 to s706.14

Foreword

This Commercial Air Service Standard outlines the requirements for complying with Subpart 6 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations (LARs).

For ease of cross reference the divisions and numbers of the standard are assigned to correspond to the regulations, therefore Standard s706.05 would reflect a standard required by Section 706.05 of the LARs.

The standards under this Subpart apply to every Lebanese air operator engaged in commercial air services under Subpart 6 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations (LARs).

Information Notes:

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(1) Nothing in the regulations, or this standard, requires that the Maintenance Control Manual (MCM) be called that by name. This terminology is used only to identify that the regulation governing this manual is Part VII, Subpart 6 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. (2) Where the holder of an Air Operator Certificate also holds any other certificate which requires an approved manual, a separate manual can be provided with respect to each separate approval. (3) Where the certificate holder chooses to combine these separate manuals, it can be done provided that each division of the manual identifies the part of its source regulation (e.g. a combined AMO-Air Operator manual can be divided into Division I for the AMO, and Division II for the Air Operator requirements). (4) Conversely, a combined AMO-Air Operator manual can also be fully integrated, providing that a statement is included for each section of the manual to indicate whether that particular section is intended as a means of compliance with Subpart 545 or Part VII, Subpart 6 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. (5) In addition, a combined manual can also be fully integrated with no reference to applicable source regulations. However, in such a case, should the Minister be required to take action against a certificate in respect of which a combined manual is in effect, the Minister will have to take action against both certificates if a clear distinction within the affected sections cannot be made.

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s706.01 Application

Information Note:

These standards are applicable to the control of maintenance and the performance of elementary work and servicing in respect of aircraft operated for commercial purposes under Part VII of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations.

s706.02 Maintenance Control System

Information Note:

(1) Part VII, Subpart 6 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations provides the requirements for the maintenance of air operator aircraft. When procedures are developed as required by those regulations, the total of those procedures is referred to as the maintenance control system. The air operator shall not permit any person to perform maintenance or elementary work unless that maintenance or elementary work is conducted in conformity with the requirements of that maintenance control system. (2) Persons performing work on the air operator aircraft shall be made aware of the maintenance control procedures in effect for any air operator's aircraft. For this reason those procedures shall be contained in the Maintenance Control Manual required by Section 706.08 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. This manual represents a descriptive disclosure to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), of the methods the air operator has chosen to achieve compliance with the Lebanese Aviation Regulations respecting maintenance. (3) It is intended that the maintenance control system describe what work is required to maintain the air operator's aircraft in conformity to the applicable type design and any additional operational requirements. This system is not intended to provide information on how to perform maintenance.

s706.03 Person Responsible for Maintenance Control System

(1) Subject to (2), persons appointed pursuant to Section 706.03 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations shall meet the following standards of competence:

(a)

they shall achieve a grade of not less than 70% in a DGCA multiple choice examination on the Lebanese Aviation Regulations applicable to a Person Responsible for Maintenance Control System; and

(b)

their personal record in relation to aviation shall not include:

(i)

any conviction under the Lebanese Civil Aviation Safety Act; or

(ii)

any combination of two or more convictions on separate occasions, under

the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. (2) Persons who held the position on January 1, 2001 may continue in that position without the need to comply with (1)(a), but must comply with (1)(b). (3) The examination required by (1)(a) shall be an open book examination. Holders of current AME licenses shall be exempt from this examination.

(4) The applicant for the "Person Responsible for Maintenance Control System" position within an

Air Operator shall demonstrate, during an interview conducted by the DGCA, he is knowledgeable in respect of the air operator's approved policies and on the topics listed below:

(a)

duties and responsibilities of the appointed position;

(b)

duties of persons who have been assigned functional responsibilities;

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(c)

responsibilities of the Operator in relation to those of the AMO;

(d)

identification of acceptable reference data for maintenance schedules;

(e)

use of fleet sampling techniques;

(f)

control of repetitive inspections;

(g)

reliability programs;

(h)

types and methods of control of mandatory maintenance tasks;

(i)

defect control;

(j)

technical dispatch requirements;

(k)

maintenance release requirements;

(l)

control of elementary work and servicing;

(m)

responsibility for record keeping; and

(n)

the function of quality assurance.

(5) The interview is designed to further establish the applicant's knowledge and competence. The applicant will be informed of any mistakes, and the correct answers will be discussed. Questions and responses will be recorded. Should the interview be unsuccessful, the applicant will be informed immediately and the decision will be confirmed by a written notification to the applicant and the Air Operator within 10 days.

Information Note:

The person responsible for maintenance is required by Section 706.03 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations to be a member of the Air Operator's staff. This is to ensure that the person appointed is free of any conflict of interest, and is primarily responsible to the Air Operator in regard to any dealings with the maintenance organization. Employees of a contracting maintenance organization therefore, do not qualify for this position. The requirement is not intended to imply that the person appointed must be a full-time employee. Persons may be appointed on a part-time basis, provided they are available for such periods as are necessary to effectively control the maintenance system, having regard to the type and frequency of flight operations.

(6) Where a certificate holder appoints himself as the person responsible for the maintenance control system, the standards of competence outlined in Subsection (1) remain applicable. (7) Where the certificate holder assigns another person to be responsible for the maintenance control system, that assignment shall include the transfer of the responsibility to remove aircraft from service. This obligation is not only applicable to the airworthiness of the aircraft, but also its fitness for flight under the applicable operating rules, having regard to the safety of the aircraft, its occupants, or persons or property on the ground.

Information Note:

Pursuant to Section 706.03 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, where an air operator also holds an AMO Certificate issued pursuant to Section 545.02 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations with a category for a type of aircraft operated by the air operator, the person responsible for the maintenance control system of the air operator shall also be the person responsible for all maintenance activities of the AMO.

(8) A person responsible for the maintenance control system of the air operator and the maintenance activities of its AMO shall meet the standards of competence required under both Section 706.03 and Section 545.03 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations.

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Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

Information Note:

This provision is required to avoid ambiguity or duplication of responsibilities between the air operator and the AMO, where the same person is the holder of both certificates. It also negates the need for extensive documented communication between the air operation and maintenance arms of the organization.

s706.04 Maintenance Personnel and Facilities

(1) Subsection 706.04(1) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations requires that the certificate holder provide the person responsible for maintenance with a sufficient number of personnel to ensure the control of all required maintenance. This control includes, but is not limited to:

(a)

the initial development of the maintenance schedule as required by Section 605.86 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(b)

scheduling maintenance, elementary work and servicing to be performed within the time constraints specified in the approved maintenance schedule;

(c)

scheduling the accomplishment of any Airworthiness Directives;

(d)

operation of the evaluation program required by Section 706.07 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, to ensure that the procedures, and in particular the maintenance schedule required by Section 605.86 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations continue to be effective and remain in compliance with the regulations;

(e)

the proper dispatch of aircraft, in regards to:

(i)

the availability of spare parts and the control of defects;

(ii)

conformity with the type design; and

(iii)

the requirements of other applicable operating rules;

(f)

manage the issuance of authorizations to personnel who are assigned to perform elementary work and servicing;

(g)

liaison with approved organizations for the performance of maintenance; and

(h)

the initial development and the updating of the company maintenance control manual.

(2) Subsection 706.04(1) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations also requires that facilities, data,

equipment, supplies and spares be provided to ensure the control of all required maintenance. This requirement includes but is not limited to:

(a)

a place of business, with a fixed address;

(b)

communications equipment (such as telephones, facsimile machines, Telex, Selective Calling [Selcal] or ARINC Communicating, Addressing and Reporting System [ACARS]);

(c)

any devices used to establish when a particular aircraft requires maintenance. This may include planning bulletin boards, card files, or a computer system;

(d)

where the air operator performs elementary work or servicing, the equipment and tools necessary to comply with the performance rules of Section 575.02 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(e)

sufficient supplies and spare parts to ensure timely rectification of defects in regard to the MEL provisions; and

(f)

a secure, dry storage area to retain aircraft technical records.

s706.05 Defect Recording and Control

(1) The defect recording system shall include a method to highlight defects that recur, so that they are readily identifiable by flight crews and the maintenance organization at all bases where the aircraft is operated. The air operator is responsible for identifying defects as recurring defects to maintenance personnel in order to avoid the duplication of unsuccessful attempts at rectification. (2) The defect control system shall ensure that the rectification of a defect identified as a recurring defect will take into account the methodology used in previous repair attempts.

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Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

(3) For the purposes of these standards, defects are recurring defects where a failure mode is repeated three times, on a particular aircraft, within 15 flight segments of a previous repair made in respect of that failure mode.

s706.06 Technical Dispatch Procedures

Information Note:

An aircraft is considered to be airworthy where a Certificate of Airworthiness has been issued and the aircraft conforms to the conditions of issue for that certificate. A further confirmation of certification attesting to the airworthiness of an aircraft is not required.

(1) The purpose of the technical dispatch procedures is to ensure that only those aircraft that conform to applicable airworthiness, operational, and corporate requirements are dispatched into service. This system also forms the basis upon which the pilot-in-command will determine aircraft serviceability in respect of airworthiness directives, maintenance, weight and balance control, operational, or corporate requirements. (2) Where an air operator deploys an aircraft to a location that is outside of its main area of operation, it is incumbent on the air operator to ensure that the technical dispatch system required by Section 706.06 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations remains effective.

s706.07 Air Operator Maintenance - Evaluation program

(1) Pursuant to Section 706.07 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, each Air Operator must establish and maintain a program to ensure that the maintenance control system, including maintenance schedules, continue to comply with the regulations. It is not intended that this program be based on a system of end product inspection, but rather upon periodic verifications of all aspects of the systems and practices used for the control of maintenance, to ensure compliance with regulations and with the Air Operator's approved procedures. The program should provide an unbiased picture of the Air Operator's performance, to verify that activities comply with the MCM and confirm that the systems and procedures described in the MCM remain effective and are achieving the Air Operator's requirements. (2) The program must be under the sole control of either the person responsible for the maintenance control system, or a person to whom, pursuant to Subsection 706.03(3) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, the management function for the program has been assigned. It must, as a minimum, cover all functions defined within the MCM. It must include all elements necessary to confirm that the Air Operator is in compliance with the applicable regulations and with the MCM. It must ensure that all referenced procedures remain applicable and effective. (3) The program must address the Air Operator's requirements, the operational and environmental conditions, organizational structure, maintenance schedules, record keeping system, etc. (4) The program must be responsive to any changes and must address the need for amendments to the MCM or Maintenance Schedules. The MCM and Maintenance Schedules must be reviewed periodically to ensure compliance with current requirements. The program must include the use of checklists that are sufficiently detailed to ensure that all maintenance functions are evaluated. Specifically, the program must include the following elements:

(a)

an initial evaluation, using the checklists, that covers all aspects of the Air Operator's technical activities, conducted within 12 months following the date on which the Air Operating certificate is issued;

(b)

recurring evaluations, conducted at intervals established in the approved MCM;

(c)

records of findings of compliance and non compliance resulting from the evaluations required by (a) and (b);

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(d) procedures to ensure that the findings of the evaluations are communicated to the person appointed pursuant to Section 706.03 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations and made available to the Air Operator.

Information Note:

In the context of Subsection (4)(d) the term "Air Operator" means the holder of the Air Operator Certificate.

(e)

where appropriate, immediate and long term actions to correct the root cause of each non-compliance noted;

(f)

follow up procedures, to ensure that necessary corrective actions (both immediate and long term) instituted by the Air Operator are effective; and

(g)

a record keeping system to ensure that details of evaluation findings, corrective actions,

and follow-up is recorded, and that the records are retained for two complete evaluation cycles. (5) Functions related to the evaluation program may be performed by persons within the Air Operator or by external agents.

s706.08 Maintenance Control Manual

(1) Except where information is otherwise incorporated by reference pursuant to Subsection 706.08(2) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, the maintenance control manual (MCM) of an air operator shall contain at least the following information:

(a)

a table of contents;

(b)

the legal name of the air operator and, where that name is not the name under which the air operator does business, its trade name;

(c)

a brief description of the organization which includes the following information:

(i)

the approximate size of the organization;

(ii)

the geographic location of the office facilities and/or their operation's base when not co-located;

(iii)

the type and number of aircraft operated; and

(iv)

the nature of the operation;

(d)

a statement signed by the air operator confirming that the MCM, and any incorporated documents identified therein, reflect the air operator's means of compliance with the Regulations, as required by Section 706.08 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(e)

a description of the MCM amendment control procedure, to ensure compliance with the requirements of Subsections 706.08(4) and 706.08(7) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(f)

a means of identifying each page of the MCM as required by Subsection 706.08(4) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. This shall be in the form of a List of Effective Pages, with each page numbered and either dated or marked with a revision number;

Information Note:

The amendment control pages in use prior to the publication of the Airworthiness Manual shall no longer be acceptable as the sole means of control for amendments to MCMs. Each page of an MCM shall be linked, by a page number and either a date or a revision number, to a list that identifies the most recent date of issue for that page.

(g) a description of the system used to distribute the manual, including the name or title of each person who holds a copy of the manual, to ensure compliance with the requirements of Subsection 706.08(6) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

Information Note:

Current copies of the air operator's MCM, or the relevant portions thereof, must be made available to all personnel performing maintenance, elementary work or servicing on the air operator's aircraft.

(h)

where functions have been assigned pursuant to subsection 706.03(3) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations:

(i)

the name and title of the person to whom the functions have been assigned;

(ii)

a description of the functions that have been assigned to each person; and

(iii)

where necessary to ensure comprehension, a chart depicting the

 

distribution of the functions.

(i)

where the organization uses, pursuant to Subsection 575.02(1) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, standards for the performance of elementary work or servicing that are other than those recommended by the manufacturer, the identification of those standards;

(j)

procedures to ensure that regulatory information and technical data appropriate to the work performed are used in respect of elementary work and servicing, as required by Section 575.02 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(k)

details of the methods used to record the maintenance, elementary work or servicing performed, and ensure that any defects are recorded in the technical record established pursuant to Section 605.92 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

Information Note:

Although an air operator certificate does not entitle the certificate holder to perform maintenance, it is the air operator who shall establish the record system that will be used to record the maintenance of his/her aircraft. Therefore, the air operator's MCM must be made available to all persons performing maintenance.

(l) the identification of any maintenance schedule approved in respect of any of the air operator's aircraft;

Information Note:

It is not intended that the complete maintenance schedule be included in the MCM. Although an operator can append a maintenance schedule to his manual, the maintenance schedule shall be controlled under its own List of Effective Pages as required by Part VI, Subpart 5 - Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards.

(m)

a detailed description of the procedure used to ensure that any maintenance tasks required by the maintenance schedule, an airworthiness directive, or any task required for the rectification of a defect is completed within the time constraints specified in Part VI, Subpart 5 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(n)

a description of the evaluation program required by Section 706.07 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(o)

a description of the defect rectification and control procedures required by Section 706.05 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, including details of:

(i)

the methods used to detect and report recurring defects (see Section 726.05); and

(ii)

unless incorporated into the MEL preamble, the procedures for scheduling the rectification of defects whose repair has been deferred;

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

(p)

the procedures used to report service difficulties in accordance with Section 706.14 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(q)

a description of the technical dispatch procedures, including procedures for ferry-flight authorizations, extended twin operations (ETOPS), all weather operation, or any other special operation, as required by Section 706.06 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(r)

procedures to ensure that only parts and materials that meet the requirements of Subpart 575 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations are used in the performance of elementary work or servicing, including any details respecting part pooling arrangements that have been entered into;

Information Note:

This may include any stores procedures which may be used by an air operator, including those procedures used for the control of petroleum, oil and other lubricants, as required by national regulations.

(s)

a description of the methods used to ensure that the persons authorized to perform elementary work or servicing are trained as required by Section 706.12 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations and qualified in accordance with the requirements of Section 706.10 or 706.11 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, as applicable;

(t)

a description of the kinds of personnel records to be retained as required pursuant to Section 706.13 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

(u)

a description of the procedure used to ensure that the empty weight and balance of an aircraft is recorded in accordance with the requirements of Standard 575, Appendix C or 605.92 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations;

Information Note:

(1) Standards applicable to weight and balance reports, including the use of reports made in respect of multiple- configurations are contained in Appendix C of Standard 575. (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of a load control system used by the air operator, an air operator may also use a fleet empty weight and balance control program. Appendix A of these standards, currently held in abeyance, will formulate the requirements of the fleet empty weight and balance control program.

(v)

details of the procedures governing maintenance arrangements entered into pursuant to Section 706.09 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, and a list of all such arrangements. This shall include the procedure used to communicate to an approved maintenance organization the maintenance requirements with regard to planned and unforeseen maintenance activities as well as those mandated by airworthiness directives; and

(w)

the identification of any person eligible to apply for flight authorities in respect of the Air Operator's aircraft.

Information Note:

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(1) Some activities of the organization which are subject to frequent change can more effectively be addressed in manuals separate from the MCM thereby avoiding the necessity for frequent amendments for routine changes in the organization. The incorporation by reference provisions of Subsection 706.08(2) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations are intended to provide a means for this. Under these provisions the person designated in accordance with the assignment of management

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

functions provisions is required to ensure that the incorporated manuals, documents or lists continue to comply with the requirements established in the policy contained in the MCM. (2) Under the provisions of Subsection 706.08(2) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, each person responsible for an incorporated reference shall certify in writing that the referenced manual meets the requirements of the MCM policies established with respect to that reference. This shall take the form of a certification statement in the front of the incorporated document or list. This certification shall be made on initial incorporation of the incorporated document, and on each amendment thereof.

(2) Approval of the Minister shall be linked to each page of the MCM pursuant to Subsection 706.08(4) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. This will normally be done by approving a list of effective pages. Alternatively in the case of manuals containing a small number of pages, approval can be shown on each page. Acceptance of the procedure for maintaining the referenced manual shall be indicated by approval of the MCM.

Information Note:

(1) For emergency situations, the provisions of Subsection 706.08(3) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations provide a means to authorize an air operator to control maintenance outside the policies and procedures contained in the MCM. This can occur for any number of reasons; however, approval shall not be granted unless the applicant can supply evidence to demonstrate that safety of the product will not be adversely affected. (2) Pursuant to Subsection 706.08(5) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations requirements, where an MCM is not found to meet the requirements of this Part, whether through a change in the requirements, a change in the organization or its activities, or through an inadequacy shown to exist by verification inspections conducted under the quality assurance program, or any other reason that affects the manual's conformity to requirements, the certificate holder is responsible to promulgate and seek approval forthwith for an amendment to the MCM. (3) Pursuant to the requirements of Subsection 706.08(6) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, an air operator shall provide a current copy of the MCM, or relevant portions thereof, to each person who performs or certifies work. In the case where only a portion of the manual is provided, it shall be sufficiently comprehensive that the person performing the tasks has all relevant information. For non-scheduled work, temporary copies of the relevant portions of the MCM, or any incorporated reference, can be sent via facsimile transmission.

s706.09 Maintenance Arrangements

Information Notes:

(1) Section 706.09 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations requires that an air operator develop specific procedures governing maintenance arrangements entered into by the air operator, and that the procedures be detailed in its MCM. (2) Nothing in the regulation prevents an air operator from dealing with more than one AMO or from changing established

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation Lebanese

Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

arrangements, provided the new arrangement also meets the requirements of Section 706.09 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. (3) Section 706.09 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations also provides that, where an air operator chooses not to include in its MCM approval procedures in respect of maintenance arrangements, each specific maintenance arrangement entered into by the air operator shall be individually submitted for approval by the Minister.

(1) Where an air operator is the holder of an AMO Certificate that is appropriate to the maintenance of the type of aircraft being operated, a statement to that effect shall be included in the general scope of work statement in its MCM.

Information Note:

(1) In such a case as stated in Subsection (1), the only maintenance arrangements requiring description will be those to purchase services from other AMOs to cover those unforeseen circumstances, i.e. in an emergency, where maintenance is required outside of existing arrangements. (2) Procedures to provide for emergency maintenance services will normally be in the form of recognizing a company purchase order, including on that purchase order the requirement to perform work in accordance with Lebanese Aviation Regulation requirements, along with an indication, usually by check box, to denote when a maintenance release is required. (3) Pursuant to Subsection 706.09(3) of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, Maintenance Specifications will be issued by the Minister, in the following circumstances:

(a)

a Lebanese air operator has maintenance performed in a State with which Lebanon has an airworthiness agreement, and the agreement specifically requires that the Minister issues a Maintenance Specification to the air operator or upon request from the foreign state; or

(b)

a Lebanese air operator has maintenance performed in a State with which Lebanon has no airworthiness agreement.

(2) Maintenance Specifications issued by the Minister will:

(a)

confirm that the air operator's maintenance arrangement approval procedures contained in its MCM meet the requirements of the commercial air service standards; or

(b)

approve a specific and singular maintenance arrangement in a foreign state with which Lebanon has no airworthiness agreement, where all conditions, necessary to ensure that maintenance conforms with the requirements of Part V of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, are met.

s706.10 Elementary Work for Air Operators

Information Note:

(1) Appendix A of Part VI, Subpart 5, Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards lists the tasks which constitute elementary work for an air operator. (2) Under the provisions of the Lebanese Civil Aviation Safety Act, elementary work is a form of maintenance. However, for the purpose of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, elementary work has been identified as a classification of specific tasks that are not

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

subject to a maintenance release. Because these tasks are not subject to a maintenance release, they need not be performed by the holder of an AME license, nor by persons working under an AMO Certificate. For these reasons, the air operator is responsible to control authorizations to persons who can perform elementary work. (3) Pursuant to Section 706.10 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations requirements, an air operator can authorize any person to perform elementary work provided that person has been trained to perform the specific task and has completed the task at least once under the supervision of the holder of an AME license or an organization holding an Approved Training Organization's certificate issued pursuant to Subpart 403 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. There is no requirement for the AME to hold any special rating. The training and records requirements applicable to these provisions are detailed respectively in Sections s706.12 and s706.13 of these standards.

s706.11 Servicing

Information Note:

(1) Any person can perform, or request the performance of servicing on behalf of an air operator, providing that person has been trained in accordance with the requirements detailed in Section s706.12 of these standards. (2) The definition for servicing is provided in Part I, Subpart 1 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. (3) The provisions of Section 706.11 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations do not require that individual authorizations be issued to persons performing servicing, or persons who request the performance of servicing. The regulations only require that an air operator develop a system to ensure that those persons are trained as required by Standard s706.12 of these standards. (4) Where an air operator does not service aircraft himself, he is responsible to ensure that any persons who request the performance of servicing be trained. This includes flight crew members of the air operator's staff.

For example:

In the case of aircraft refueling, it is often the responsibility of the flight crew, as the persons requesting the servicing, to specify the type and quantity of fuel to be uploaded, and in doing so also specify any special precautions, such as aircraft balance considerations, during the fuelling process. These provisions are equivalent to the requirement for the air operator to specify maintenance task requirements to AMOs.

s706.12 Training Program

(1) The training program required by Section 706.12 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations shall ensure that personnel trained are familiar with the regulations, standards, and air operator procedures associated with certain work for which they will be responsible.

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

(2) The training program shall include:

(a)

initial training to ensure that persons performing elementary work or servicing are aware of the regulations, standards and air operator procedures associated with that

work;

(b)

update training to ensure that personnel remain competent and are made aware of any changes to those regulations, standards and air operator procedures; and

(c)

additional training where it is shown to be necessary by a finding made under the

evaluation program. (3) Training made in respect of the regulations shall ensure that personnel are aware of their responsibilities in regards to the Performance Rules defined in Section 575.02 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations, and in regards to technical records pursuant to Sections 575.03 and 605.92 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations.

Information Note:

It is advisable that the air operator also incorporate any training requirements stemming from other national or provincial codes; this might include the handling of fuels and other dangerous goods, etc.

(4) The standards applicable to servicing are normally limited to the procedures contained in those publications produced in respect of Section 575.02 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations performance rules. These will typically include manufacturer's maintenance publications, servicing manuals, etc. Where the standards used are not the standards specified by the manufacturer, they shall be listed in the MCM as required by Section 706.08 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations.

Information Note:

For administrative reasons, an air operator can establish many company procedures related to maintenance. The intent of the training requirements under this section is to address only those company procedures established in respect of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations. As an example, an MEL will often contain special provisions for refueling an aircraft when systems are inoperative. Where a flight crew is appropriately trained, they can perform the (M) procedure contained in the MEL, as long as there is no disassembly and subsequent re-assembly of components that would otherwise require a maintenance release.

(5) Until such time as it is revised through an assessment made in respect of the evaluation program, the update cycle for continuation training is three years. (6) Where an air operator is the holder of an AMO certificate issued pursuant to Section 545.02, the training required by Section 706.12 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations can be managed by means of its AMO training program provided that:

(a)

there is a mention made to that effect in its MCM; and

(b)

all the requirements specified in this section are covered in its AMO Maintenance Policy Manual.

s706.13 Personnel Records

Information Note:

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(1) Pursuant to Section 706.13 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations the personnel records shall be retained for a period of not less than 2 years after an entry is made. (2) A list of authorizations issued pursuant to Part VII, Subpart 6 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations requirements can be kept as

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

a separate list from the MCM.

In the case where the list of authorizations is kept as a separate list from the MCM, the list shall be incorporated by reference in the MCM.

s706.14 Service Difficulty Reporting

Information Note:

Each air operator is required to report service difficulties. These reports shall be submitted in the form and manner prescribed in Subpart 585 of the Lebanese Aviation Regulations.

Defect reporting shall include defects detected during aircraft operation, or during the performance of elementary work or servicing, and their recording.

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation Lebanese

Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Lebanese Aviation Regulations Part VII / Subpart 6 / Standards s706.01 to s706.14

Appendix A Fleet Empty Weight and Balance Control Program

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TO BE DEVELOPED

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Republic of Lebanon Ministry of Public Works and Transport Directorate General of Civil Aviation

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