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The Natural Beauty of Peucang Island

Final Assignment

LECTURER: Drs. Siti Hikmah, M.Pd.


KEMAL MUALIM 2223170061




Background of problem

1.1 Preliminary
Natural beauty has always been human’s desire to achieved. Humans always try to find ways
to get what they want, one of them is natural beauty. And lucky for us, God had given us many,
many the beauty of nature on earth. God created sea, with all the beauty of it. The blue turquoise
color of sea, the beautiful and unique sea creatures, and the magnificent of coral reefs. God also
created forest. Lots of forest spread out on every continents on earth. Forests keep many beautiful,
wild animals, many of them humans have not discovered yet. They also keep all the plants, with
its beauty and usage. There are still many natural beauties that God had create for us, humans, to
discovered, and be thankful for it. But it becomes our duty to conserve, treat, and keep nature so
our next generation can also feel the beauty of nature.

1.2 Limitation Of Problems

Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe. "Nature"
can refer to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general. The study of nature
is a large, if not the only, part of science. Although humans are part of nature, human activity is
often understood as a separate category from other natural phenomena. Within the various uses of
the word today, "nature" often refers to geology and wildlife. Nature can refer to the general realm
of living plants and animals, and in some cases to the processes associated with inanimate objects–
the way that particular types of things exist and change of their own accord, such as the weather
and geology of the Earth. It is often taken to mean the "natural environment" or wilderness–wild
animals, rocks, forest, and in general those things that have not been substantially altered by human
intervention, or which persist despite human intervention. For example, manufactured objects and
human interaction generally are not considered part of nature, unless qualified as, for example,
"human nature" or "the whole of nature".
1.3 Formulation of the problem
1. What’s the important of nature?
2. What’s the human’s impact of nature?
1.4 Importance of the nature
There is no question that Earth has been a giving planet. Everything humans have needed
to survive, and thrive, was provided by the natural world around us: food, water, medicine,
materials for shelter, and even natural cycles such as climate and nutrients. Scientists have come
to term such gifts ‘ecosystem services’, however the recognition of such services goes back
thousands of years, and perhaps even farther if one accepts the caves paintings at Lascaux as
evidence. Yet we have so disconnected ourselves from the natural world that it is easy—and often
convenient—to forget that nature remains as giving as ever, even as it vanishes bit-by-bit. The rise
of technology and industry may have distanced us superficially from nature, but it has not changed
our reliance on the natural world: most of what we use and consume on a daily basis remains the
product of multitudes of interactions within nature, and many of those interactions are imperiled.
Beyond such physical goods, the natural world provides less tangible, but just as important, gifts
in terms of beauty, art, and spirituality.
Nature matters simply because it does, but also because it brings people huge emotional
value, it delivers a wide range of valuable goods and services that are of practical benefit to society,
and much of the emotional and practical value that it generates has financial value which
contributes to the economic performance of Indonesia.
Different people recognize the value of the many things that the natural world provides to
us in different ways:
 Some recognize that nature and wildlife have intrinsic value. They are valuable in their
own right and we have a moral responsibility to look after them, irrespective of any benefit
humans might get from them.
 Many draw emotional value from nature and wildlife. Seeing it, or even just knowing it is
there, makes us feel good. We enjoy it.
 Unquestionably, nature provides goods and services to us that are of practical value to us
and to the rest of society. Food production, flood control and improved physical and mental
health and wellbeing all have practical, societal value.
 And many (but certainly not all) aspects of nature, the goods and services that it provides,
can be bought and sold. They have financial value.
1.5 Human’s Impact of Nature
Our relationship with nature has historically been one of imbalance and overuse. Nearly
every step in human history has unfortunately been accompanied with a leap in environmental
degradation. At first, humans were incredibly in-tune with their surroundings. Nomadic hunter-
gatherer tribes used to roam the lands, following the ebb and flow of the seasons. These tribes had
a measurable impact on the environment, but their influence was relatively manageable due to
their population size. With advancements in technology and agriculture though, humans began to
find more efficient ways of sustaining themselves. These advancements allowed for more
permanent settlements, which led to rapid population growth and a distancing from nature.
As society evolved, populations grew and more and more resources were required to fuel
the expansion. With breakthroughs in agriculture, settlements became more permanent and cities
began to take shape. This shift to city life inadvertently led to a distancing from nature. While
many people were still in-tune with nature on a subsistent level, the need for more and more
resources began to change our regard for nature.
Although our distancing from nature began several thousand years ago with advancements
in agriculture and social order, it is the age of industry to which we owe our modern regard for
nature. The growth of cities allowed for a separation between people and nature and our obsession
with convenience and efficiency beckoned a new perspective on the environment. With
technological advancements, nature became something we were no longer apart of and entirely
subject to, but something that we could control and profit off of. The growth of industry enabled
humans to truly dominate the landscape and disrupt the natural systems that have been in place for
billions of years.
As we have removed ourselves further and further from nature, we have developed a
willing ignorance of our role and relationship within it. With the growth of cities and trade we
have moved from a subsistent, sustainable economy to one of greed and exploitation. Humans
have always had an impact on the environment, but with the age of industry that impact has been
ultra-magnified. Population growth has been exponentiated, cities have become the primary place
of residence, and the majority of the world is now out of touch with the workings of nature.
Although every species plays a unique role in the biosphere and inherently has its own
impact, not every species has the cognitive ability to measure their influence or the capacity to
change it. Humans are unique in that respect, which is the root of the problem. We are capable of
understanding our influence over nature, but we tend to ignore the Earth’s reaction to our presence.
I am not arguing that we purposefully degrade nature, but that environmental degradation is an
inherent trait of our population’s perpetual progression. We know we are crippling the
environment. We have the ability to do something about it. Therefore, we should make change
where change is necessary.
Theoritical frame work

2.1 Visited Places

Peucang Island is located on Ujung Kulon National Park in the most western part of Java
Island. The park area also includes the area of Krakato and several small islands around it like
Handeuleum Island. Usually, traveler who visited Ujung Kulon National Park will stay in Peucang
Island because there are several homestays in the island. Before reached Peucang Island, we visited
Badul Island, an unhabituated island with clear blue sea and soft, white sand, to snorkeling. Badul
island is a perfect place to snorkel, for its clear blue sea and coral reefs. From Badul Island, we
continued our journey to Peucang Island. Once we arrived in Peucang Island, we are greeted by a
bunch of monkeys, untamed but not disturb the traveler. After lunch and rest, we continued snorkel
around Peucang Island. Peucang Island has many beautiful and magnificent coral reefs in its sea.
Some fishes, like clown fish, also can be seen around the reefs. Really perfect treat for eyes. After
snorkel in two spots, we went to Cidaon to see wild buffalo grazing. Also, in Cidaon, we
coincidentally saw rhino footprints. What an experience. We closed that day with watched sunset
in Cidaon pier.
The next day, we tracked through the forest for almost 1 hour to go to Karang Copong,
large dead corals that has hole (copong) located in the northern part of the island. The view from
there is breathtaking as we can see beautiful corals and miles and miles of
sea. The view is worth the tracking. We then left Peucang Island to go
canoeing in Cigenter River. It is very peaceful there as there are no one in
there except us, and the view also very soothing. After we went back to
Sumur Village and went back to Serang.

2.2 Local Tourism

Peucang Island has opened job field for many people. Many travelers usually used the
services of travel agent to go to Peucang Island as it will get difficult if arrange the trip ourselves.
By using travel agent, we can go to Peucang Island easier, and cheaper, as the travel agent will
manage all the things, such as, transportations, like, boats, itinerary, foods, and all the fees that
required. With the increasing number of travel agent that serve trip to Peucang Island, it will also
affect the popularity of Peucang Island itself. The more traveler come, the more income that the
government get, and eventually, that income can be used to improve the facilities in Peucang Island
itself, or area around it.
But the more popularity that Peucang Island gets, the more it becomes at risk of
environmental damage. It is necessary to know that Peucang Island is the habitat of many wild
animals, and humans can make the change to the ecosystem of Peucang Island that will affect to
the animals. For example, if more travelers come to the island, they need more place to stay, and
they build more homestays for the travelers. They take more lands to build it, disturb the animals’
habitat. We need to understand that we need to be responsible when we visit Peucang Island.

3.1 Research Subject

The object of this research is economic impact, social impact, and cultural impact. The subject
of this research is Tourism Object Peucang Island, Ujung Kulon National Park, Western Java
Island, Banten. Determination of research location determine research objectives and take into
account the economic, social, and cultural conditions that become the criteria of determining the
location of the study. As for the reasons researchers chose the location of Peucang Island Tourism
Object is the following:

1. Peucang Island has a potential of the ocean beauty, clear water, white sand with sea green
bluish, and various marine ornamental fish and coral reef at a depth of 30 cm.
2. In Peucang Island there are so many animals we can see like monkey, pig, peacock, deer,
and so on with an area of 3 ha.
3. Peucang Island has a diversity of potential attractions, such as :
- Snorkeling
- Diving
- Camping
- Tracking
- So on.
4. Peucang Island is an island that is easily accessible by motor boat which takes travel time
around 3 or 4 hours from Sumur dock, the length of travel time is also still influenced by
uncertain conditions and sea weather. And another advantage of Peucang Island is the high
number of tourists who came around 5000 people / week who came to visit Peucang Island
and surrounding.
3.2 Data Collecting Theory

This research uses primary data and secondary data which is qualitative and quantitative data.
This primary data can be obtained through observation and interviews to some residents around
the tourist attraction. While the secondary data is data obtained by researchers from existing
sources, Secondary data collected in this study are written data from the agencies and the
parties associated with the author's research, such as the Department of Tourism and Peucang
Island Village Government.

1. Economic impact

With the tourism sector can develop the economy locally especially in areas with considerable
tourist attraction good. The existence of beach attractions can open new jobs for the local
community, which is in accordance with the capabilities of the community around so that
people can get a decent standard of living. In addition, the advancement of society's thinking
can change the mindset. The community the development of a tourist attraction, as is the
emancipation of women who can causes women can also work. Thus the development of the
local economy can be through community empowerment from various groups.

2. Social impact

Social change can be reviewed through four theories, namely theory status inconsistencies,
collective behavior theory, the theory of dictatorial emergence and democracy, and
organizational analysis theory as a social subsystem. Theory collective behavior tries to explain
the emergence of social action. Social action is a symptom of joint action shown to change
values and norms over a long period of time. Change in patterns of relationships between
individuals cause tension social issues that can be competition or conflict and even open
conflict or violence. Competition or conflict is the one who caused change through social
action together to change value and norm.
3. Cultural impact

Culture is the basic capital of tourism development in part great location or tourist destination.
The impact caused by tourism to culture is inseparable from the pattern of interaction among
which tend to be dynamic and positive. Dynamics it develops because culture plays a very role
important for sustainable tourism development and vice versa tourism provides a role in
revitalizing culture. Characteristic positive dynamics are shown with a pattern of able culture
increase tourism and tourism is also able to advance culture. There will be cultural
acculturation, because of the interaction local people with tourists. In addition, cultural culture
areas that are part of the national culture Indonesia will continue to grow. This is due to the
presence tourists from outside the area who come to visit to see and get to know more about
the original culture. This is of course also causing the excavation of indigenous cultural values
to developed and conserved. Thus the pattern of cultures traditional such as historic places,
arts, and customs will be preserved and sustained.
Finding and discussion

4.1 What to Find

In Peucang Island we can find so many potential, as part of the Ujung Kulon National Park
area, on this island can be found various animals such as deer (Cervus timorensis), Banteng
Jawa (Bos sundaicus), Merak Hijau (Pavo muticus), Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus auratus),
Kijang, Pig Forest (Sus verrucosus) and lizards.
Peucang Island Forest is one of the lowland tropical rain forest ecosystems. Flora in this
region include merbau (Intsia bijuga), palahlar (Dipterocarpus haseltii), bungur (Lagerstroemia
speciosa), cerlang (Pterospermum diversifolium), and rain ki (Engelhardia serrata). There is
also a tree Ficus or fig strangler, parasitic plants that wrapped around other trees to live. Usually
the host tree will die if the fig becomes mature.
This island beach is very beautiful with a stretch of white sand with bluish green sea. The
blue sea is ideal for swimming, diving, fishing, or snorkeling. On this island there is also a
waterfall in Citerjun.

4.2 What to Discuss

Peucang Island is an island located in Panaitan strait of Pandeglang regency, Banten or east
of Ujung Kulon National Park.
This island with Panaitan Island and Handeuleum Island is included in the area of Ujung
Kulon National Park so that not a few tourist who visit Ujung Kulon Park, also visited this
white sandy island.
Because within the area of Ujung Kulon National Park, Peucang Island is also accepted as
a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with Panaitan Island and Handeuleum Island.
Conclusion and Suggestion

Peucang Island is located on Ujung Kulon National Park in the most western part of Java
Island. The park area also includes the area of Krakato and several small islands around it like
Handeuleum Island and Island Peucang. Peucang Island, provide by white sand with sea green
bluish. The blue color of the sea is ideal for swimming, diving, fishing, or snorkeling. Usually the
traveller who came to Ujung Kulon will stay on this island, because the island there are several
Homestay for rent.
In Peucang Island we can find so many potential, as part of the Ujung Kulon National Park
area, on this island can be found various animals such as deer (Cervus timorensis), Banteng Jawa
(Bos sundaicus), Merak Hijau (Pavo muticus), Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus auratus), Kijang,
Pig Forest (Sus verrucosus) and lizards.
In Peucang Island, we can do many activities such as, snorkeling, tracking, diving, and
camping. But need to remember that Peucang Island is still part of Ujung Kulon National Park,
which means it is the habitat of many wild animals and plants, so we need to be careful with what
we are doing there.