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Indian Vet. J.

, August 2017, 94 (08) : 43 - 45

Mineral Status of Soil, Plant and Sheep in North Eastern

Agro Climatic Zone of Tamil Nadu*
C.Inbaraj1, M.B.Thilagar, J.Ramesh, A.P. Nambi and C.Soundararajan
Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai – 600 007, Tamil Nadu.
(Received : 18-10-2016 428/16 Accepted : 25-12-2016)

Abstract Absorption Spectrophotometer. Phosphorus

Samples of soil, forage and blood serum of sheep content of the samples was estimated by colori-
in North Eastern Agro Climatic Zone of Tamil metric method. The data on mineral contents
Nadu (Kanchipuram, Thiruvallur, Thiruvan- were statistically analysed (Snedecor and
namalai, Vellore and Villupuram) were collected Cochran, 1994).
and analysed for different macro (Ca, P, and Results and Discussion
Mg) and micro (Zn, Cu and Fe) mineral contents
to establish the mineral correlation among soil, Highly signicant (P≤ 0.01) difference in the
forage and animals and the same were discussed. calcium content of soil of Thiruvannamalai and
Vellore districts than Kanchipuram, Villupuram
Key words: Sheep, Mineral, Soil, Forage and and Thiruvallur districts (Table I). However, the
Serum. calcium level was more than the critical level
In India, dietary concentrations of fodder (0.0072 %) in all the districts. The phosphorus
fed to the animals are unknown or highly and magnesium levels of soil varied signi-
variable due to availability, season, location, cantly (P≤ 0.01) between districts but remained
forage, species and animal potentials (Sharma more than the critical level (P - 0.0017% and Mg
et al., 2003). Limited information is available – 0.0015%) in all the districts.The signicantly
on the feeding practices and mineral status of highest level of Zinc was recorded in Vellore
feeds, fodder, soil and animals blood in north followed by Thiruvallur, Kanchipuram districts
eastern agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu. and signicantly lowest level in Thiruvan-
Keeping this in view the present study was namalai and Villupuram districts. The level
conducted in Northern Districts of Tamil Nadu of copper and zinc also varied signicantly (P≤
to establish relationship for different miner- 0.01) between districts. Villupuram and Thiru-
als among soil, forage and animals in order to vannamalai districts had signicantly (P≤ 0.01)
suggest dietary supplementation of area specic lower Zn, Cu and Fe levels in soils than other
mineral mixture. districts. The Zinc, Copper and Iron levels of soil
in all the districts were above the critical levels
Materials and Methods (0.50, 0.30 and 2.50ppm respectively). Generally
The soil, forage and blood samples were collected north eastern agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu
from sheep in ve villages of each districts of is having red sandy loam, clay loam, and saline
northern eastern agro climatic zone of Tamil coastal alluvium predominantly (National Insti-
Nadu. The collected samples were processed tute of Disaster Management, 2012) and red non
for estimation of minerals, serum macro miner- calcareous soil and black calcareous soil present
als (Ca, P, Mg) were estimated by serum auto in north eastern agro climatic zone but it vary
analyser (A15 Biosystem). where as serum with district.
micro minerals (Cu, Fe and Zn), plant miner- A signicant (P≤0.01) variation in the
als and soil minerals were analysed by Atomic plant calcium level was observed between the
*Part of M.V.Sc thesis submitted by rst author to TANUVAS districts(Table I). The highest level was recorded
Corresponding author : Email : in Thiruvannamalai district followed by Vellore,

The Indian Veterinary Journal (August, 2017) 43

Mineral Status of Soil ...
Villupuram and Kanchipuram districts and the
lowest level was observed in Thiruvallur district.
The plant phosphorus level also varied between
districts however it was well above the critical
level (0.25%). The magnesium levels in plants of
all the districts were lower than the critical level
(0.20%). Micro mineral content of plant collected
from study areas were signicantly (P≤ 0.01)
varied between the districts. The signicantly
(P<0.01) highest Zn, Cu and Fe levels were
recorded in Kanchipuram districts than other
districts. The plant micro minerals viz., Zinc,
Copper and Iron levels in all the districts were
more than the critical levels of 30, 8 and 50ppm
respectively. Similar study were done in various
part of India in soil and plants Ghafoor et al.,
(2012) reported that calcium concentration not
only varied from plant to plant but also in differ-
ent parts of the forage plants.
The sheep in Kanchipuram district
were found to have signicantly higher (P≤
0.01) levels of blood calcium, phosphorus and
magnesium than other districts. The sheep in
Vellore district had signicantly (P<0.01) lower
serum macro minerals than other districts.The
similar trends were observed for phosphorus
and magnesium also (Table I).
There was a highly signicant (P≤ 0.01)
difference in serum copper level was observed
between districts. Whereas the Zinc and Iron
levels did not vary signicantly (P≥0.05)
between the districts. However the Zn, Cu and
Fe levels in sheep in all the districts were above
the critical level (Zinc – 0.80, Copper – 0.65 and
Iron – 1.00ppm). The variations in the serum
mineral prole between various districts could
be explained with the reports published in the
different parts of India and other places of the
world. The serum of minerals in the animal
depend upon age, species of the animal, intake
of mineral and its needs, the chemical form of
mineral and also proportion of other dietary
component which interact metabolically and
also environmental factor such as intensity of
sunlight (Garg et al., 2007).
No signicant correlation was observed
between soil – plant relationship with respect
to macro and micro minerals (Table II). Soil –
animal relationship revealed highly signicant

44 The Indian Veterinary Journal (August, 2017)

C.Inbaraj et al.

Table II. Correlation of coefcient between Soil – Plant – Animal

Soil – plant Soil – animal Plant – animal
Calcium (mg/dL) 0.273 -0.166** -0.088**
Phosphorus(mg/dL) 0.038 -0.004* -0.172*
Magnesium(mg/dL) -0.106 -0.086 -0.022
Zinc(ppm) 0.043 0.012** 0.207**
Copper(ppm) -0.030 -0.094** -0.060**
Iron(ppm) 0.021 -0.307* -0.010
** Correlation coefcient is signicant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed)
* Correlation coefcient is signicant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed)

negative (P≤0.01) correlation for calcium and References

copper signicant negative correlation (P≤0.05) Bhausaheb, K.S., Tiwari, S.P., Sahu, T., Naik, S.K. and
correlation for iron and phosphorus and highly Gendley, M.K. (2014) Trace mineral status of soil, feed and
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highly signicant (P≤0.01) positive correlation. specic mineral mixture and vitamins in the ration of Dairy
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Ind. Dairyman. 59(8):21 – 27
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Summary National disaster management (NIDM), Tamil Nadu govern-

ment 2012 pg. no. 1-17.
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The Indian Veterinary Journal (August, 2017) 45