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300/305 Airflow Switches

300/305 Airflow Switches


applications Computer Systems
Electronic Equipment
Process Control
Clean Rooms
Air Conditioning and Ventilation Systems

description The Cambridge AccuSense Series 300 The uni-directional model discriminates
is a line of solid-state, highly reliable between forward and reversed airflow,
electronic switches, designed to monitor indicating a fault if the airflow direction
airflow in critical environments such as reverses. The bidirectional model accepts
clean rooms, semiconductor fabrication airflows from either of two opposing
facilities, and operating rooms as well directions.
as in traditional electronic enclosures
to warn of cooling degradation. These The output of the Series 300 can be
compact, easy-to-install units detect loss used to drive computer logic or it can
of airflow below a pre-programmed set- activate alarms, relays, or other circuits.
point, and provide an effective, fast and Normally-Open (N.O.) and Normally-
distinct warning of airflow deterioration. Closed (N.C.) versions are available.

Designed to replace traditional “sail” or


“vane” switches, the Series 300 switches
offer unparalleled resistance to mechani-
cal shock and vibration.
The Series 300 sensor head may be ei-
ther uni-directional* or bi-directional.

features • Ideal for cost-sensitive applications such as HVAC and facility management
• Dedicated open drain alarm pin available
• Small sensor body for compact locations
• Wide acceptance angle of ±40°
• Fully interchangeable with one another
• RoHS compliance and 94-V0 Package

Your Partner in Airflow Sensing & Controls


18 Meadowbrook Drive, Milford NH 03055 • TEL: 603-672-8900 or 1-877-DEGREEC • FAX: 603-672-9565
300/305 Airflow Switches

300/305 Airflow Switches


Comparison of Alternative Methods for Sensing Airflow Failure
Airflow Fan Speed1 Temp.2 Mechanical3
Switch (Hall Effect) Sensor Vane Switch
comparison Response to:
chart Fan failure Fast Fast Slow Medium
Blocked inlet filters Fast None Slow Poor
Wrong fan rotation Fast None Slow Medium
Reliability High High Medium Low
Processing electronics required No Yes Maybe No
Applicability for low speed airflow Good N/A N/A None
Multiple fan sourcing Yes Difficult Yes Yes

1
The Hall effect sensor measures fan blade rotation only, and cannot respond to airflow deteriora-
tions caused by blockage.
2
Problem indication provided by a temperature sensor may be significantly delayed after the airflow is
interrupted, and may actually not occur at all, depending on the equipment convection patterns.
3
The mechanical vane switch is position-sensitive, easily affected by dirt and vibration, and since it
has moving parts, its performance tends to be less reliable.

inlet

typical The Series 300 Switches may be exhaust


located in areas where the airflow
installations velocity is above 0.25 m/s (50 fpm),
with the sensing element facing the
airflow within a 20º solid angle.
A. Upstream or downstream of card-
cages, power supplies and filters.
B. In a plenum of air cooling intake.
C. In an inlet or in an exhaust flue. A B C

16.8 mm
(.66") 13.9 mm
(.55") R
13 mm 41 mm
(.50") (1.63")
17.07 mm
(.675") R
customized
12.7 mm
(.50") 9.4 mm 25 DEGREES
AIRFLOW AIRFLOW AIRFLOW
wire links and
(.370")
76 mm
57 mm (3")
(2.25")
terminators
REF.
84 mm 19 mm
(3.31") (.75")
REF.
6.4 mm
(.25") 25.3 mm
(1")
3.6 mm
ADJUSTABLE (.140")
BRACKET DIA.

–B –U 3.3 mm
(.13")
– UB1 – BB1

electrical (1) To Drive Logic


+VCC
(3) To Drive Warning Lamp or LED indicator
+ LOAD
arrangements FLOW
WH /YEL
RL
TO LOGIC FLOW
WH /YEL
30V MAX.

LOAD
SWITCH
RED VCC RL SWITCH
RED
BLK BLK
TTL LOGIC 5V ≈ 5.1K
+ SUPPLY CMOS 5– 15V ≈ 5.1K + SUPPLY
(1) Load can be incandescent lamp or LED lamp.
GND GND (2) + Supply can also supply +load.
(3) Ensure that load current is within flow switch rating.

(2) To Drive Circuit-Breakers, Relays, Alarms (4) Multiple Flow Switches (Only 3 shown - more may be used)

+ LOAD
+ LOAD WH/YEL
30V MAX.
30V MAX. FLOW
WH /YEL SWITCH
FLOW
LOAD
LOAD PROTECTION DIODE,
SWITCH FOR INDUCTIVE
BLK RED FLOW
LOADS ONLY
SWITCH
+ SUPPLY TO LOGIC.
SIGNAL
IF REQUIRED, USE
GND FLOW RULES IN EXAMPLE 1.
SWITCH
(1) Load can be incandescent lamp or LED lamp.
BLK RED
(2) + Supply can also supply +load.
(3) Ensure that load current is within flow switch rating.
+ SUPPLY
GND

Your Partner in Airflow Sensing & Controls


18 Meadowbrook Drive, Milford NH 03055 • TEL: 603-672-8900 or 1-877-DEGREEC • FAX: 603-672-9565
300/305 Airflow Switches

300/305 Airflow Switches


standard calibration 1 2 3 4 5 m/s 2. 5 5 7. 5 m/s
curves 70 70

FAULT FAULT
60 60

NO FAULT NO FAULT

Airflow Temp. ˚C
Airflow Temp. ˚C
The Series 300 switch measures the 50 50

airflow cooling capacity by sensing an air


sample. Cooling capacity is a function of 40
Nominal
40
Nominal
air velocity, temperature, density, and 30 Trip Line 30
Trip Line
specific heat. At higher ambient tempera-
ture, the device calls for a larger volume 20 20

of cooling air. The relationship of air tem- Trip Window Trip Window
perature and airflow velocity is defined 10 10
0 500 1000 1500
by the calibration curve of the switch. If B1
0 200 400
Airflow Velocity FPM
600 800 1000
B2 Airflow Velocity FPM
the velocity and temperature of a given
installation do not come up to the preset
threshold, the device will trip abruptly 2.5 5 7.5 10 m/s 2.5 5 7.5 10 m/s
from No-Fault to Fault, or vice versa, 65 55

along a clear-cut single line without 60


FAULT 50

hysteresis. At the fault/no-fault line, the


55

NO FAULT 45 FAULT
Airflow Temp. ˚C

50
NO FAULT

Airflow Temp. ˚C
Series 300 trips an open collector output 45 40
transistor. The output of the transistor 40 35
may be used to drive logic, LED, relays, 35
30
and other alarm or shut-off devices. 30
Nominal Nominal
Trip Line 25
Trip Line
The dotted lines in the calibration curve
25
20
20
figures Trip Window
15 15 Trip Window
indicate the device-to-device tolerance 10
0 500 1000 1500 2000
10
0 500 1000 1500 2000
limits (trip windows) from the calibrated B4
curve.
B3 Airflow Velocity FPM Airflow Velocity FPM

Because the air is thinner at higher


altitudes, the Series 300 will automati- 2.5 5 7.5 10 m/s 2.5 5 7.5 10 m/s
cally compensate by calling for higher air 50 45
velocities to achieve the same cooling ef- 45 FAULT
40
fect. (See Correction for Altitude Chart.) FAULT
Airflow Temp. ˚C

Airflow Temp. ˚C
40 NO FAULT 35
Custom curves are available. 35
30 Nominal NO FAULT
The D Series is a new set of calibra- 30 Trip Line
tions designed specifically for low airflow 25 Nominal 25

monitoring below 200 fpm (1 m/s). The Trip Line 20


temperature range for the D Series is 17 20
15
- 25 °C. Accuracy is ±10 fpm. 15 Trip Window Trip Window
10 10
0 500 1000 1500 2000 0 500 1000 1500 2000
B5 Airflow Velocity FPM B6 Airflow Velocity FPM

2.5 5 7.5 10 m/s


Curve Trip Point
40 Correction for Altitude
D1 50 fpm (.25 m/s) FAULT 1.5
D2 60 fpm (.3 m/s)
Airflow Temp. ˚C

D3 80 fpm (.4 m/s)


30
Trip Velocity = 1.4

Nominal NO FAULT nominal velocity at 1.3


D4 100 fpm (.5 m/s) sea level x C at
Trip Line
D5 120 fpm (.6 m/s) 20
operating altitude 1.2
C

D6 150 fpm (.75 m/s) 1.1

Trip Window
D7 180 fpm (.9 m/s) 10
1
0 5000 10000
0 500 1000 1500 2000
D8 200 fpm (1 m/s) B7 Airflow Velocity FPM Sea Level Altitude (Feet)

Your Partner in Airflow Sensing & Controls


18 Meadowbrook Drive, Milford NH 03055 • TEL: 603-672-8900 or 1-877-DEGREEC • FAX: 603-672-9565
300/305 Airflow Switches

300/305 Airflow Switches


specifications
Minimum Nominal Maximum
Supply Voltage (305) 4.5 5 5.5 V
Supply Voltage (300T) 11 25 V
Power Dissipation .2 .6 .8 W
Input Current (305) 100 140 mA
Input Current (300T) 2 60 mA
Output Signal* 3 30 V
Output, High: 1 μA
Leakage Current
Output, Low: 1 V
Output, Low: 110 mA
Max Sink Current
Operating Temp 5 60° C
Humidity, Non-Condensing 10 95 RH(%)
Response Time for Fault Signal 3 Sec above 15°C
30 Sec below 15°C
Start-up Time from Power Up 3 Sec above 15°C
under Fault Condition 30 Sec below 15°C
Storage Temperature -10 80° C

* Open collector of an NPN Transistor; Emitter to return VDC; Pull up voltage.

airflow & Air Velocity______________________________________


temperature Temperature compensation range: 15-60°C (60-140°F):
measurement Accuracy: ±10% of reading or ±0.1m/s (20fpm)
Repeatability: ±5% of reading (under identical conditions)
Temperature Compensation Range: The 300-305 Airflow Switch is sensitive to changes in air density and indicates velocity
with reference to a set of standard conditions ( 25°C (77°F), 760mmHg (101.325kPa), and 0%RH). The 300-305 Airflow
Switch has been designed so that when used over the stated temperature compensation range, the sensor indicates very
close to actual air velocity and minimal compensation is only required to account for changes in barometric pressure or
altitude. Changes in relative humidity have a minimal impact and can usually be ignored.
Accuracy: Valid between 20-30°C (68-86°F), increasing by ±0.25% per degree and ±0.005m/s (1fpm) over remaining
temperature compensation range.

part
numbering
scheme 30XX X X X
SERIES CONNECTOR OPTIONS OUTPUT CURVE

305 = 305 Series B = Bi Directional/ O = Normally Open (N.O)* Any applicable curve
(5V version) Bracket Mount from standard curve
N = Normally Closed (N.C.)* charts
U = Uni-Directional/
300T = 300T Series Bracket mount
BB1 = Bi-directional
Base Mount
UB1 = Uni-directional
Base Mount

* Normally Open: Open if airflow > trip point


Normally Closed: Closed if airflow > trip point

© 52000DS000-A00

Your Partner in Airflow Sensing & Controls


18 Meadowbrook Drive, Milford NH 03055 • TEL: 603-672-8900 or 1-877-DEGREEC • FAX: 603-672-9565