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ENR-CSOs Position Paper on Performance in the ENR Subsector for the Financial Year 2017/18.

Presented ahead of the 10th Annual Water and Environment Joint Sector Review 2018.
Theme: “Bridging the gap between increasing service demand and existing sector financing”.
1.0 Introduction some of them crosscutting across the different forests and scaling up of Collaborative Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs
subsectors and others specific to the respective Forest Management approaches which is and Operation Wealth Creation among other
The Environment and Natural Resources Civil subsectors. One of the key crosscutting demoralizing community and private forest security agencies to candidly address the
Society Organizations (ENR-CSO) Network is challenges is the inadequate reporting of progress owners to commit their land to forests issue of security personnel interfering in ENR
participating in 10th Annual Joint Sector Review towards achievement in respect to the strategic investment and lowering their interest/role/ Management, land grabbing in forest reserves
(JSR) 2017/2018 by presenting its self-assessment objectives and key actions for the ENR subsector responsibility in policing and enforcement of and wetland, insulating forest crime among
report and contributions to the sub-sector and an departments and agencies. ENR management at community level. others;
assessment of government’s performance against The sector specific challenges include the g) Government programmes concentrate on iii) MWE engages Ministry of Lands, Housing and
the agreed undertakings for the previous financial following. commercial tree growing at the expense Urban Development and exploit the existing
year 2016/2017. This financial year 26 member of restoration of ecosystem services with political clout surrounding the Land Inquiry
CSOs submitted reports with a total expenditure of A) Environment Thematic Area: over 80% of the seedlings promoted and Commission to cancel the said land titles in
USD 2,755,750, indicating a fall by approximately distributed by Farm Income Project and the wetlands and forest reserve and publish a list
50% from USD 4,559,079 in FY 2016/2017. The a) Undertaking No.1 requires multi-stakeholder Sawlog Production Grant Scheme being in the gazette;
fall is attributed to lack of financial resources engagements and collaboration, requires exotic yet it is the responsibility of MWE to roll iv) It is high time MWE sets a criteria, recruits
across the board. Forestry continues to be the sufficient funding which is in this case lacking out Forest Landscape Restoration initiatives and trains a specialised team of policemen
dominant thematic area where resources were and a dedicated member of staff to follow up in the country. Government projects and (with integrity) with minimum qualification of a
invested at 55% of the total resources invested in on implementation of actions. Departments programs should concentrate on restoration certificate in forestry (from Nyabyeya Forestry
the financial year. and Agencies in the targeted high impact of ecological and maintenance of the genetic College), Wildlife Management (form Uganda
sectors continue to work in silos; with limited pool of indigenous species. Wildlife Training Institute), tourism among
A major accomplishment of the ENRCSOs engagement of the private sector, CSOs h) Forestry research and agro-forestry are other specialised ENR disciplines;
this financial year has been the signing of the conflict identification and resolution, land and ii. Continued working with the National REDD+ and other actors in managing environmental neglected and lagging behind partly because v) MWE and CSOs should work closely
collaborative Memorandum of Understanding with tree tenure as well as leadership skills. Secretariat pushing forward the National issues. The implementation of the undertaking the responsible institution, NAFFORI, is not with Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) /
Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) which REDD+ Program and the Forest Investment requires finalization of the National Climate positioned in the right ministry (under MAAIF). UNHCR to fast track the development and
formalises engagements, presents opportunities B) For the environment thematic area: Plan and frameworks to support the Change Bill, the Environment Bill and the It is hoped that MWE will exploit the forest implementation of Refugee Response Plan
for joint fundraising and implementation of projects. National REDD+ Strategy development and Wetlands Management Bill whose enactment policy and forest act review process to seek and strategies and guidelines to advance
The key contributions of members of the ENR CSO i. Developed and presented a joint implementation; is delayed; for the return of forest research and agro- preparedness and management of refugee
Network to sector developments are highlighted in Memorandum on the draft National iii. Worked on agronomic farming practices like b) At District Local Government and Lower forestry back to MWE. influx in host communities. These should
the sections below. Environmental Bill, 2017 to the Parliamentary application of organic manure, mulching, Government level, there is limited capacity address the needs and concerns of the
Committee for Natural Resources highlighting tree planting, construction and use of energy for mainstreaming environment and climate For Wetlands thematic area: different gender categories within the refugee
A) Contribution to the forestry thematic area: key issues/gaps in the bills and suggested saving cook-stoves among indigenous and change in Environment Action Plans, sub- a) Political, as well as interference by security and refugee host categories. Furthermore,
alternative recommendations for consideration forest dependent communities such as the county and District Development Planning agencies in the wetlands management, the accreditation of companies that transport
This financial year, the Uganda National Forest by the committee to address outstanding gaps Batwa, Benet and Ik to adapt and mitigate process; have continued to impede some of the law humanitarian food aid should include clauses
Stewardship Standards (UNFSS) was finalised and and issues; climate change. c) MWE pronounced itself to release 3% of its enforcement efforts; deterring them from transportation of illegal
launched by both the Forest Stewardship Council ii. CSOs have contributed towards improved budget from the Water sub-sector to ENR sub- b) The absence of a legal framework (wetlands forest produce as part of the review of the
and the Ministry of Water and Environment. Batwa education, awareness and skills F) Contribution to the wetlands thematic area: sector. Whereas the funds were committed, management law) is a big stumbling block in guidelines;
It is intended to enhance responsible forest development through supporting Batwa they have since not been released. There wetland management given that the existing vi) MEMD, NEMA, MWE and Ministry of Local
management through voluntary observance of children with scholastic materials, school i. Contributed to the process aimed at reviewing are also no clear guidelines on how these legal frameworks are weak and easily Governments develop and enforce guidelines
set criteria and indicators therein. In addition, the feeding programs, brick house construction at the National Wetland policy as well as the funds will be utilised and no mechanisms for manipulated by developers and illegal wetland for sustainable utilization of sand resources,
ENR CSOs have: community level, technical skills for the youth, Wetland Bill in a bid to provide input but also progressive reporting; users; put the interest of small scale miners (local
i. Supported the review of the Agoro-Agu improved food security, sustainable water support government in undertaking community d) The cancellation of land titles in forest c) The rate of wetland restoration does not match content) as opposed to large scale and
Sector Central Forest Reserves (CFR) Forest supply, art and craft for improved household level consultations; reserves and wetlands has not progressed with the rate of degradation which stands at international companies;
Management Plan (totalling 65,548 hectares) incomes; all with a view of harmonious co- ii. Supported communities to demarcate over 68 and yet it has been one of the agreed actions 70 times more than restoration; vii) Harmonize and clearly spell out the mandates
and the Forest Landscape Management Plan existence with the environment within which km of river banks and 10 hectares of wetlands under Undertaking 1 in previous years; d) Inadequate coordination among wetland of the different ENR institutions in the on-going
for the Agoro-Agu landscape that covers the they live; in Mutu parish (Agago district) and Akileng e) There is an influx of refugees impacting management stakeholder institutions, with legal reform processes Environment Bill,
districts of Lamwo, Kitgum, Pader and Agago; iii. Supported over 301 families with Biosand parish (Amuria district) aimed at restoring the environment and natural resources within conflicting mandates/projects/programs, has Climate Change Bill, Wetlands Bill and review
ii. Undertaken an assessment of and Water Filters (BSF) that makes water safe for functionality of the river banks and wetlands refugee settlements. There are high demands escalated encroachment, occupation and of the National Forestry and Tree Planting Act.
supported the review of Collaborative drinking without the need for boiling; to be able to provide ecosystem goods and for fire wood, building materials, land for issuance of land titles in wetlands with total viii) MWE and NEMA review the approval
Forest Management (CFM) guidelines to iv. Supported communities in Lira, Otuke, services; cultivation, water, and engagement in disregard of legal regimes. This is aggravated processes for EIAs to cater for guidance from
include gender concerns as well as new Alebtong, Amuria and Agago to develop and iii. CSOs produced public information and charcoal production yet preparedness by host by delays in completion of court cases and disciplines such as forestry, water resources
developments such as Reducing Emission implement Community Environment Action education materials on wetland conservation communities (and regulating institutions) is execution of offenders; management, wetlands, wildlife management
from Forest Degradation and Deforestation Plans that guide communal utilization of and supported awareness campaigns for inadequate. Notable is that Children, Youth e) The lack of transparency in the EIA processes among others that are heavily impacted in
(REDD+); wetland products in a sustainable manner at resource user communities in over 15 (boys and girls) and Women are the most has led to approval of projects in wetlands and case of a contested approval;
iii. Conducted an ‘Institutional Assessment of 40 communities. wetlands. vulnerable to these impacts; inadequate follow up of approved mitigation ix) MWE reconsiders the status of Weather,
timber trade in Uganda,’ in a bid to compliment f) Inadequate regulation of sand mining and the conditions. Climate and Climate Change in the
elimination of illegal timber on the market; C) Contribution to the energy thematic area: G) Contribution to the governance thematic situation is worsened by weak coordination forthcoming Joint Sector Review as the
iv. Engaged different actors at all levels on area: between MEMD, NEMA and MWE on For the weather, climate and climate change content and issues to discuss have since
illegal logging in northern Uganda. The i. Undertook a review and gap analysis of issuance of licenses for sand mining Vis a Vis thematic area, accumulate since the establishment of
challenge is the insulation of the illegality by renewable energy policy to identify gaps and i. Continued to engage the Good Governance the mandatory requirement for undertaking an i) Undertaking No 1 is a multi-sector undertaking the Climate Change Department and
high ranking security officials, connivances provide recommendations on sustainable and Working Group of MWE to finalise its strategy Environmental Impact Assessment. Secondly, and therefore presents difficulty in ensuring operationalization of UNMA;
with resource managers, cultural leaders renewable energy resources management; and action plans for improving governance security personnel insulate crime by large uniformed action and has no baselines to x) MWE and the respective ENR subsector
and local politicians and hence the failure to ii. Engaged 40 media reporters (in collaboration and improve performance within the Ministry; scale miners that push small scale miners out assess progress on climate change actions. departments and authorities should strengthen
enforce laws, regulations, ministerial ban and with the Ministry of Energy and Mineral ii. Hosted the monthly State of the Nation of the business. This undertaking will require a legal framework the implementation of ENR gender strategy
presidential directives; Development) on positive reporting and meetings, aimed at engaging various actors to make it mandatory for the other sectors and related regular progressive reporting
v. Established 7 tree nurseries that produced sustainable charcoal journalism along the in development to bring on the public For the Forestry Thematic Area, to mainstream climate change otherwise its towards achievement of the intended
1,804,752 tree seedlings. At a conservative charcoal value chain emphasising the role of agenda issues related to good governance a) The proposed merger of National Forestry operationalization is based on good will. objectives and targets.
spacing of 3*3 meters, these are estimated to the woman in charcoal production and trade. of environment and natural resources and Authority (NFA) with Forest Sector Support ii) Lack of an enabling law to mainstream climate
have covered approximately 1,624 hectares; These journalists have exposed challenges holding government accountable especially for Department (FSSD) presents challenges of change and inadequate financial/ logistical For the coming FY 2018/2019, ENR CSOs pledge
vi. Managed over 34 square kilometres under related to un-sustainable charcoal production oil and gas, climate change, forestry, wetlands management and monitoring of the forest support for mainstreaming climate change into to engage MWE on a quarterly based on the signed
Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration in and trade in over 30 news articles published in and other sectors of the economy. resources with illegalities being a possibility. Uganda’s Development processes for sectors MoU as we jointly strive to address the above
the Shea Butter belt of Lira, Otuke, Alebtong, the media. The proposal, too, is silent about the state of at all levels mentioned concerns and challenges.
Amuria and Agago; For the FY 2017/18, the ENR sub-sector undertook the District Forest Services, which may also iii) Delays in adoption of climate change
vii. Negotiated 2 Collaborative Forest D) Contribution to the extractives industry to address the drivers of environmental degradation need to be brought back to the centre. indicators, limited coordination of adaptation The ENR-CSOs, which contributed inputs into this
Management (CFM) arrangements with the thematic area: by mainstreaming ENR considerations across high b) Failure by FSSD, NFA and the (District actions and limited coverage of adaptation Position Paper 2017/18 include:
National Forestry Authority (i.e. Katum CFM impact sectors of agriculture, infrastructure, lands, Forest Services (DFS) to enforce the law, the interventions (mostly Karamoja). A Rocha Uganda, ARUWE, ACODE, AIVI, ARCOS,
community group for Lalak CFR, and Mar Yen i. Conducted awareness trainings for selected energy and water in order to achieve reduced regulations, ministerial directives let alone the iv) There is slow response from MWE on the AUPWAE, Bwindi Mugahinga Conservation Trust,
CFM community group for Agoro-Agu CFR) all stakeholders (bringing together over 80 contributions to degradation under Undertaking 1. Presidential Directive to stop illegal logging in Adaptation Fund and Green Climate Fund CAPCA, CARE International in Uganda, CODECA,
in Lamwo District; stakeholders) on oil and gas development, northern Uganda targeting Afzelia africana, (GCF) and this is attributed to lack of the COVOID, ECO, ECO-Trust, EMLI, Environmental
viii. Initiated development of green skills and supported 2 regional and international We CONGRATULATE MWE for making progress Vitellaria paradoxa, Khaya spp, among other necessary policies (safeguards policy, gender, Alert, Friends of Zoka, IUCN, KANCA, KULIKA-
entrepreneurial development for 80 forestry networking and learning events in Entebbe on by constituting task teams to spearhead species. There is also failure to enlist these ethics policy) and guidelines required by Uganda, MECPA, RICE WN, Tree Talk Plus,
practitioners for communities around Budongo the East African Crude Oil Pipeline; stakeholder engagement for ENR mainstreaming, species in Appendix III or Appendix II of CITES Secretariats of AF & GCF. Uganda does not UCSD, UTGA, UWS and WWF-UCO.
CFR to impart knowledge and skills (nursery ii. Undertook a mapping and supported youth deploying staff to de-concentrated structures within to garner international support in regulating have National Implementation Entities and
establishment, establishment of commercial movements in oil and gas as well as mineral the regions, implementation of the gender strategy their trade. therefore cannot access funds directly. The About the Environment and Natural Resources
woodlots and energy saving) through Work- exploration areas on meaningful engagement for the ENR Subsector (MWE, 2016), engaging c) Stakeholders continue to cast doubts about procedure for accreditation is lengthy and Civil Society (ENR-CSO) Network
based learning; of central and district local governments for Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic the role of Environment Protection Police tedious. The ENR-CSO Network in Uganda was founded
ix. Trained over 200 participants in 32 sub- equitable sharing of benefits arising from the Development to mainstream environment and Unit (EPPU) in forest resource management v) Stakeholders are concerned about the fate in 2009 as a loose network with a mission
counties on Integrated Water Resources extractives industry; climate change issues into the Ministry of Finance and the key challenge is on the deployment, of Uganda National Meteorological Authority of, ‘Mobilising CSOs to effectively promote
Management (IWRM) with a focus on building iii. Conducted 4 different studies on status and Planning and Economic Development budget supervision, recruitment, training and (UNMA) following the decision to bring it back good governance, effective management and
the capacity of actors to understand, share extent of use of heavy metals such as mercury among others. orientation in ENR management as well as to the Ministry. Secondly, currently UNMA has sustainable utilization of Uganda’s natural
lessons and implement IWRM and Restoration and cyanide by the artisanal and small scale reputation of individuals in the force among no Board which hampers decisions made at resources.’
Opportunities Assessment Methodology for gold miners in selected gold mining areas of In addition, we also NOTE the progress on others. that level.
identification of priority areas for restoration Mubende, Busia and Karamoja. These studies presentation of the National Environment Bill d) The emergency of the oil and gas vi) UNMA has faulty equipment and tools For More Information contact: The Secretariat of
particularly in the agricultural landscapes; illustrate the impacts of use of heavy metals in 2017 to Parliament, the presentation of National development (with its anticipated impacts such especially for field station hence delays is the ENR-CSO Network, C/O Environmental Alert,
x. Trained 40 Uganda Timber Growers the industry. Environment Management Policy for a Regulatory as land uptake, civil works, related surface sharing meteorological information Kabalagala off Ggaba Road, P.O. Box 11259,
Association members (including their Impact Assessment, the initiation of the review runoff, pollution from waste water) and the vii) The National Meteorological Teaching School Kampala; Tel: +256414510547, Email: ed@
employees) in silvicultural practices (thinning, E) Contribution to the weather, climate and of the National Wetlands Conservation and Security sector (and the associated impacts (NMTS) requires capital development as it is envalert.org, envalert@envalert.org,ENR-CSO
pruning, forest inventory, and processing) climate change thematic area: Management Policy and drafting of a sector such as political corruption causing failure still an unfunded priority. Website: http://enr-cso.org/, Environmental Alert
and value addition (for the clusters of Luwero, specific Wetlands Resources Management Bill, to enforce the law, regulations, ministerial Website http://envalert.org/
Nakasongola, Nakaseke, and Wobulenzi); i. CSOs have supported the Climate Change initiation of the review of the National Forestry directives and the presidential ban on trade We recommend the following:
xi. Undertook capacity building sessions for Department in the finalisation of the Draft Policy and the National Forestry and Tree Planting in logs) as a high impact sectors targeting This Position Paper was produced by the
over 200 members of community forests, Climate Change Bill; participated in the 23rd Act, the presentation of the Climate Change Bill forestry. i) MWE urgently expands the shortlist of high ENR-CSO Network in partnership with CARE
communal land association, collaborative Session of the Conference of the Parties, before Cabinet for discussion and approval and e) The neighbouring Kenya issued a ban on impact sectors to include oil and gas and International in Uganda, ‘through strengthening
forest management groups in Masindi, pushing forward national interests in the global the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding charcoal production. This ban has resulted security sectors as targets for mainstreaming resilience and inclusive governance, ‘Program
Kakumiro, Kitgum and Lamwo with a view climate change debate and participated in the between MWE and the ENR-CSO network to into increased charcoal export to Kenya ENR and climate change; with Financial support from DANIDA through Care
to create capacity for managing community organisation of 4 Regional Post-Conference establish a modality for collaboration with the and MWE and MEMD have not issued any ii) In 2014, MWE agreed to engage the power Denmark. The programme is being implemented
forests, private forests, CFM arrangements, of Parties meetings to inform Ugandans about Ministry. statement to regulate this trade. centres that meddle in the ENR and Water by CARE International in Uganda in partnership
forests on land owned by absentee landlords what transpired in the 23rd CoP that took f) There are continued delays in declaration Resources Management. We recommend with National CSOs partners.
with clarity on gender disparities, grievance/ place in November 2017, in Born, Germany; However we OBSERVE a number of challenges, of community forests, registration of private that MWE opens up space to engage with