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1) Solución 2) 3)

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1) Solución 2) 3)
EJERCICIO 1 UNIDAD VI DETERMINE SI LATRANSFORMACIÓN DADA DE V I.- T: R 2 R

EJERCICIO

1

UNIDAD VI

DETERMINE SI LATRANSFORMACIÓN DADA DE V

I.- T: R 2

VI DETERMINE SI LATRANSFORMACIÓN DADA DE V I.- T: R 2 R 3 ; T (X,

R 3 ; T

(X, Y)= (X, Y)

DADA DE V I.- T: R 2 R 3 ; T (X, Y)= (X, Y) W

W ES LINEAL O NO.

T [ (X 1, Y 1 ) +

(X 2 , Y 2 ) ]

=

T

[(X 1, +X 2 ) +

(Y 1 , Y 2 )]

= [(Y 1, +Y 2 ) +

(X 1 , X 2 )]

(Y 1, +Y 2 ) =

T(X 1 , Y 1 )

T

[ (X 1, Y 1 ) +

(X 2 , Y 2 ) ]

Y

(X 1 , X 2 ) =

= T(X 1 ,

X 2 ) + T (Y 1 ,

T(X 2 , Y 2 )

Y 2 )

T [ K (X, Y) ] = T ( KX, KY) = KT(X, Y) = (Y, X)

SI ES UNA TRANSFORMACIÓN LINEAL

EJERCICIO 2

2.-

T: R 3

R 2 ; T

R 2 ; T (X, Y, Z) = (1, Z)

(X, Y, Z) = (1, Z)

 

T

[ (X 1, Y 1 , Z 1 ) +

(X 2 , Y 2 , Z 2 ) ]

= T

[(X 1, +X 2 ) +

(Y 1 + Y 2 ) (Z 1 + Z 2 )]

=

[( 1 ) +

(Z 1 , Z 2 )]

T

[ (1, Z 1 ) + (1, Z 2 )]

=

T(1, Z 1 )

+ T(1, Z 2 )

T

[ K (X, Y, Z) ] = T ( KX, KY, KZ) = KT(X, Y, Z) =

K(1, Z) = (K, KZ)

NO ES UNA TRANSFORMACIÓN LINEAL.

EJERCICIO 3

 

2.-

T: R 3

R 2 ; T

2.- T: R 3 R 2 ; T

(X, Y, Z) = (X, Y)

 

T

[ (X 1, Y 1 , Z 1 ) +

(X 2 , Y 2 , Z 2 ) ]

= T

[(X 1, +X 2 ) +

(Y 1 + Y 2 ) (Z 1 + Z 2 )]

=

[( X 1 , X 2 ) +

(Y 1 , Y 2 )]

 

T

[ (X 1 , Y 1 ) + (X 1 , Y 2 )]

=

T(X 1 , Y 1 )

+ T(X 2 , Y 2 )

 

T

[ K (X, Y, Z) ] = T ( KX, KY, KZ) = K(X, Y) =

KT(X, Y)

SI ES UNA TRANSFORMACIÓN LINEAL.

EJERCICIO

4

4.-

T: R 2

R 2 ; T

TRANSFORMACIÓN LINEAL. EJERCICIO 4 4.- T: R 2 R 2 ; T (X, Y) = (1,

(X, Y) = (1, Y)

T

[ (X 1, Y 1 ) +

(X 2 , Y 2 ) ]

= T

[(X 1, +X 2 ) + (Y 1 + Y 2 )]

=

[( 1 ) +

(Y 1 , Y 2 )]

T

[ (1, Y 1 ) + (1, Y 2 )]

=

T(1, Y 1 )

+ T(1, Y 2 )

T

[ K (X, Y) ] = T ( KX, KY,) = KT(X, Y) =

K(1, Y) = (K, KY)

NO ES UNA TRANSFORMACIÓN LINEAL

EJERCICIO 5

5.-

T: R 2

R 2 ; T

T: R 2 R 2 ; T (X, Y) = (X + Y, X - Y,

(X, Y) = (X + Y, X - Y, 3Y)

T

[ (X 1, Y 1 ) +

(X 2 , Y 2 ) ]

= T

[(X 1, +X 2 ) + (Y 1 + Y 2 )]

=

[

(X 1 + X 2 +Y 2 +Y 2 ), (X 1 + X 2 -Y 2 -Y 2 ), (3Y 1 +3Y 2 )]

=

[

(X 1 + Y 1 , X 2 +Y 2 , 3Y 1

)

+

( X 2 -Y 2 , X 2 -Y 2 , 3Y 2 )]

(X 1 + Y 1

, X 2 +Y 2 , 3Y 1 ) = T (X 1 , Y 1 )

Y

( X 2 -Y 2 , X 2 -Y 2 , 3Y 2 ) = T (X 2 , Y 2 )

T

[ (X 1, Y 1 ) +

(X 2 , Y 2 ) ]

= T

[(X 1, +X 2 ) + (Y 1 + Y 2 )]

T

[ K (X, Y) ] = T ( KX, KY) = ( KX + K Y. KX – KY, 3KY) = k( X + Y, X – Y, 3Y)

=

KT (X, Y)

SI ES UNA TRANSFORMACIÓN LINEAL.

OBTENER LA IMAGEN, NÚCLEO, RANGO Y NULIDAD DE LA TRANSFORMACIÓN DEFINIDA POR:

EJEMPLO 1

T (X, Y, Z) = ( X + Y, Y + Z, 0 )

B

= { (1, 0, 0), ( 0, 1, 0), ( 0, 0, 1)}

T

= ( 1, 0, 0) = ( 1, 0, 0)

T

= ( 0, 1, 0,) = ( 0, 1, 0)

T

= ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 0, 1, 0)

1

0

0

1

0 1

0

0

0

1, 0) T = ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 0, 1, 0) 1 0 0

1

0

0

0

1

0

T = ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 0, 1, 0) 1 0 0 1 0

0

0

0

a(1, 0, 0) + a( 0, 1, 0) = ( x, y , z)

a = x

a = y

z = 0

II = { ( a, a, 0 )

/ a, a,

ΠR }

( X + Y, Y + Z, 0 ) = ( 0, 0 ,0)

X

+ Y = 0

X

+ Y = 0

0 = 0

X = -Y

Y = - Z

Z = Z

SI

Z = 1,

y = -1,

B N { ( 1, -1, 1 )}

X = 1

a

( 1, -1. 1) = ( X. Y . Z)

X

= a

Y

= -a

Z

= a

N = { (a, -a, a)

/ a ΠR}

N = 1

EJEMPLO 2

2.- T ( X, Y , Z) = ( 2Y + Z, 3X + 1, 1+ Y)

B = { (1, 0, 0), ( 0, 1, 0), ( 0, 0, 1)}

T

= ( 1, 0, 0) = ( 0, 4, 1)

T

= ( 0, 1, 0,) = ( 2, 1, 1)

T

= ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 1, 1, 1)

0 4

2 1

1 1

1

2

1

1, 1) T = ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 1, 1, 1) 0 4 2

1

2

0

1

1

4

1

2

1

( 0, 0, 1) = ( 1, 1, 1) 0 4 2 1 1 1 1

0

1

0 -1

0

4

1

1

-1

1) 0 4 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 0 1 1 4

1

0 -1 -1

0

7

1

0

1

1 2 0 1 1 4 1 2 1 0 1 0 -1 0 4 1

a(1, 1, 1) + a( 0, -1, -1) +a (0, 0, -7)= ( x, y , z)

a = x

a - a = y

a

- a

- 7a = Z

II

= { ( a, a - a, a - a - 7a, 0 )

/ a, a, a

ΠR }

R

= 3

( 2Y + Z, 3X + 1, 1+ Y) = ( 0, 0, 0)

2Y + Z = 0 3X + 1= 0 1+ Y = 0

X = - 1/3

Y = - 1

Z = 2

B N { ( - 1/3, -1, 2 )}

a

(- 1/3, -1, 2

) = ( X. Y . Z)

X

= -1/3a

Y

= -a

Z

= 2a

N = { ( -1/3a, -a, 2a)

/ a ΠR}

EJEMPLO 3

3.- T ( X, Y , Z) = (3X + Y,

N = 1

Z + 1, 3Y + 1)

B

= { (1, 0, 0), ( 0, 1, 0), ( 0, 0, 1)}

T

= ( 1, 0, 0) = ( 3, 1, 1)

T

= ( 0, 1, 0,) = ( 1, 0 ,4)

T

= ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 0, 2, 1)

3 1

1

2

0

1

1

4

1

0 ,4) T = ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 0, 2, 1) 3 1 1

1

3

0

1

1

2

4

1

1

1 0 0
1
0
0

1

1

1

-2 -11

2

3 1 1 2 0 1 1 4 1 1 3 0 1 1 2 4

4

1 1 2 0 1 1 4 1 1 3 0 1 1 2 4 1

1

1

0 -2 -11

0

0 -10

a(1, 1, 4) + a( 0, -2, -11) +a (0, 0, -10)= ( x, y , z)

a = x

a - a = y

4a

-11 a

- 10a = Z

II

= { ( a, a - a,4 a - 11a - 10a,

)

/ a, a, a

ΠR }

R

= 3

( 3X + Y, Z + 1, 3Y + 1) = ( 0, 0, 0)

3X + Y= 0

Z + 1= 0

3Y + 1 = 0

X =

Y = - 1/3

1/9

Z =-1

B N { (

1/9, -1/3, -1 )}

a

( 1/9, -1/3, -1

) = ( X. Y . Z)

X

= -1/9a

Y

= -1/3a

Z

= -1a

N = { ( 1/9a, -1/3a, -1a)

/ a ΠR}

EJEMPLO 4

4.- T ( X, Y , Z) = ( X + Z, Y,

X + Z)

N = 1

B

= { (1, 0, 0), ( 0, 1, 0), ( 0, 0, 1)}

T

= ( 1, 0, 0) = ( 1, 0, 1)

T

= ( 0, 1, 0,) = ( 0, 1, 0)

T

= ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 1, 0, 1)

0

1

1 0

1

0

1 0 1
1
0
1

1

0

0

0

1

0

= ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 1, 0, 1) 0 1 1 0 1 0

1

0

0

a(1, 0, 1) + a( 0, 1, 0) = ( x, y , z)

a = x

a = y

a= Z

II = { ( a, a)

/ a, a

ΠR }

R

= 2

( X + Z,

X + Z= 0

Y= 0

X + Z = 0

X =

-Z

Y, X + Z) = ( 0, 0, 0)

Y

= 0

Z

= Z

 

SI

Z = 1, X = -1,

Y = 0

B N { (

-1,

0, 1 )}

a ( -1,

0, 1

) = ( X. Y . Z)

X =

-a

 

Y = 0

Z = a

EJEMPLO 5

5.- T ( X, Y , Z) = ( X + Z,

0)

B

= { (1, 0, 0), ( 0, 1, 0), ( 0, 0, 1)}

T

= ( 1, 0, 0) = ( 1, 0, 0)

T

= ( 0, 1, 0,) = ( 0, 1, 0)

T

= ( 0, 0, 1) = ( 1, 0, 0)

1

0

1

0

1

0

0 0 0
0
0
0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0, 0, 1) = ( 1, 0, 0) 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0

a(1, 0, 0) + a( 0, 1, 0) = ( x, y , z)

a = x

a = y

0= Z

II

= { ( a, a, 0)

/ a, a

ΠR }

R

= 2

(

X + Z,

Y, 0) = ( 0, 0, 0)

X

+ Z= 0

N = { ( -a, 0, a)

N = 1

/ a ΠR}

0 = 0

X =

-Z

Y = 0

 

Z = Z

SI

Z = 1, X = -1,

Y = 0

B N { (

-1,

0, 1 )}

a ( -1,

0, 1

) = ( X. Y . Z)

X =

-a

Y = 0

Z = a

N = { ( -a, 0, a)

N = 1

/ a ΠR}