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1 vizualizări2 paginiTheory of Modeling and Simulation 2nd Edition
Article · January 2000

Oct 06, 2018

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Theory of Modeling and Simulation 2nd Edition
Article · January 2000

© All Rights Reserved

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Theory of Modeling and Simulation 2nd Edition
Article · January 2000

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IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS, VOL. SMC-9, NO. 1, JANUARY 1979 69

where An is the amplitude and wo, is the reference frequency. Chapter 2 this fact, provides theoretical background and methodological guidance

describes the PFM elements. In general, pulse-frequency modulators are necessary to develop models of various types of systems and to define their

nonlinear, which makes them difficult to treat analytically. However, interfaces with real systems and computers.

methods exist by which one can obtain a closed-form solution. In linear Another important fact in modeling derives from the definition of

modulation theory, the error is a function of the spectrum of the message, "model" given by Minsky: "An object A is a model of an object B for an

the transmitted power, and the noise (usually white) level. For a given observer C if C can use A to answer questions that interest him about B."

spectrum and noise level, the only way to decrease the mean-square error The central issue is "the questions that interest an observer about a

is to increase the transmitted power. PFM elements are simple to realize; system." This issue, extremely well elaborated by Zeigler, leads to the

they are reliable and light. In this chapter the authors deal with the general concepts of "experimental frame" and "partial models." The former char-

properties of PF modulators, amplitude-dependent PF modulators, sigma acterizes a limited set of circumstances under which the real system is to be

PFM and its mathematical description, integral PF modulators, PF mod- observed or experimented with. The notion of partial model is important

ulators of Types I and II, and components of the general PF modulator because a given system is going to be represented by a collection of

model. models, each of them having different scopes.

Chapter 3 discusses the state-space description of open and closed-loop The book consists of three parts and three appendices. Part one is an

PFM systems. In a closed-loop control system, the PFM controller informal and intuitive treatment of several concepts in modeling and simu-

usually precedes the plant. The topics covered in this chapter are descrip- lation and therefore can readily be grasped by people not having back-

tion of the PFM control system, application of phase variables, Jordan ground in system theories.

canonical state-variables, and solution of the state equations of PFM It covers informal description of models; the five elements in modeling

control systems in closed form. Chapter 4 deals with the problem of stabi- and computerized simulation: the system under investigation, the experi-

lity of PFM systems. After an overview, the Lyapunov stability theorem mental frame, the base model, the lumped model, and the computer;

and its extension to PFM systems is examined; stability theorems, asymp- methods of model simplification; concept of state and state variable

totic stability of the PFM closed-loop system, determination of stability properties; and formal specification of several types of models: autono-

regions, limit cycles, and computation of nonlinear oscillations are dis- mous, nonautonomous, continuous-time, discrete-time, significant event,

cussed in great detail. Lastly, Chapter 5 is concerned with the optimiza- deterministic, and probabilistic.

tion of PFM closed-loop control systems. Starting with the definition of Part two provides the necessary system theoretic concepts to under-

controllability for PFM systems, the chapter proceeds to deal method- stand the last part. It covers time base; trajectories; observations; iterative

ically with the existence of the optimal solution, controllable initial con- specification of systems: general concepts and specialization to differential

ditions in PFM closed-loop systems and fixed control-time, and the equation and significant event; specification of networks of sequential

modified maximum principle. machine, differential equation, or significant event systems; structured

An extensive bibliography with more than 100 references is included. system specifications; and hierarchy of preservation relations such as

From the standpoint of specific background, some knowledge of elemen- morphisms.

tary probability theory, linear algebra, and matrix theory will be required Part three, which is the formal part of the book, restates the contents of

of the student. With the exception of only a negligible number of typogra- the first part in terms of the system theoretic concepts presented in the

phical errors, the book is clearly and accurately produced. This book is previous part. It comprises a framework for modeling and simulation:

unique and invaluable to the reader who seeks an understanding of the fundamental postulates and general problems in modeling and simula-

theoretical as well as the practical aspects of pulse-frequency modulated tion; valid model construction and simplification by several types of dec-

control systems. omposition such as parallel, series, and feedback decomposition; model

approximation and error tolerance; state identification, validation, and

prediction; structural inference; simulation program verification and com-

plexity reduction.

Several examples are given in full detail throughout the book along with

methodological developments. The majority of the chapters end with sug-

gested problems and comprise several useful exercises.

TIheory of Modelling and Simulation-Bernard P. Zeigler (New York: Zeigler's book, which brings important "system" concepts to the finger-

Wiley-Interscience, 1976, 435 pp.). Reviewed by Tuncer I. 6ren, Depart- tips of the simulationist, is an excellent textbook for graduate or senior

ment of Computer Science, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada, undergraduate level courses offered to provide the foundations of simula-

KIN 6N5. tion especially in interdisciplinary programs or in systems engineering or

computer science departments. It would also be highly desirable to have it

Zeigler's book is a drastic departure from about 300 books that exist on adopted in first simulation courses offered in other disciplines to eliminate

several aspects of simulation. Most modeling issues do not depend on the the tunnel vision in modeling that students otherwise tend to develop.

particular nature of the system under investigation. Zeigler, elaborating on Serious simulationists also will find the book very useful.

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