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GE Industrial Systems


New Unit, Heavy Duty Gas Turbine Control

These instructions do not purport to cover all details or variations in equipment, nor to
provide every possible contingency to be met during installation, operation, and maintenance.
If further information is desired or if particular problems arise that are not covered
sufficiently for the purchaser’s purpose, the matter should be referred to GE Industrial
This document contains proprietary information of General Electric Company, USA, and is
furnished to its customer solely to assist that customer in the installation, testing, operation,
and/or maintenance of the equipment described. This document shall not be reproduced in
whole or in part, nor shall its contents be disclosed to any third party without the written
approval of GE Industrial Systems.

Section Page
Introduction ............................................................................................................2
Redundancy ............................................................................................................3
I/O Interface............................................................................................................3
Built-in Diagnostics ................................................................................................5
System Overview ....................................................................................................5
Control Functions....................................................................................................7
Sequencing .............................................................................................................9
Protection ...............................................................................................................9
Operator Screens...................................................................................................12
Typical Turbine Instrumentation............................................................................15
Packaging .............................................................................................................17
Power Requirements .............................................................................................18
Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................18

CIMPLICITY is a registered trademark of GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.

Ethernet is a trademark of the Xerox Corporation.
SPEEDTRONIC is a trademark of General Electric Company, USA.
Windows NT is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
The high reliability achieved The SPEEDTRONIC Mark VI gas turbine control is a Triple Modular Redundant
by the TMR control system is (TMR), microprocessor-based control with a heritage of over 30 years of successful
due to the integration of the turbine automation. The basis of this system is the three redundant control modules
triple redundant electronics <R>, <S>, and <T>. Each controller contains its own power supply, processor,
and sensors into a robust, communications, and I/O for all of the critical control, protection and monitoring of
fault tolerant control system. the gas turbine. Some critical functions, such as emergency overspeed protection and
the phase-slip windows for backup synch check protection, are monitored by a
separate triple redundant backup protection module <P>. Most of the critical sensors
for control loops and trip protection are triple redundant. Other sensors are dual or
single element devices.

Backup Protection Module

3 Independent Sections

3 Control Modules

Mark VI Electronics


An important part of the fault tolerant control architecture is the method of reliably
voting the inputs and outputs. Each control module reads its inputs and exchanges
the data with the other two control modules every time the application software is
executed at 40 ms.
In addition, a 1ms time stamp The voted value of each contact input and the median value of each analog input is
is assigned to each contact calculated within each control module, and then used as the control parameter for the
input to provide a built-in application software. Diagnostic algorithms monitor these inputs and initiate an
sequence of events (SOE) alarm if any discrepancies are found between the three sets of inputs.
Redundant contact inputs for trip functions are connected to three separate
termination points and then individually voted. This enables the control system to
survive multiple failures of contact or analog inputs without causing an erroneous
trip command as long as the failures are not from the same circuit, such as lube oil
An equally important part of the fault tolerance is the hardware voting of analog and
contact outputs. Three coil servos on the valve actuators are separately driven from
each control module, and the position feedback is provided with redundant linear
variable differential transformers (LVDTs). Contact outputs to the hydraulic trip
solenoids are voted with three magnetic relays on each side of the floating 125 V dc
feeder to the solenoids.

I/O Interface
The I/O is designed for direct interface to turbine and generator devices, such as
vibration sensors, flame sensors, LVDTs, magnetic speed pickups, thermocouples,
and Resistance Temperature Devices (RTDs). Direct monitoring of these sensors
eliminates the need for interposing instrumentation with its associated single point
failures, reduces long-term maintenance, and enables the Mark VI diagnostics to
directly monitor the health of the sensors on the machinery. This data is then
available to both local operator/maintenance stations and to the plant Distributed
Control System via communication links.
Contact Inputs are powered from the 125 V dc battery bus through the Mark VI
termination boards. Each contact input is optically isolated and has a 1 ms time
stamp for SOE monitoring. Contacts are open-to-alarm and open-to-trip. An
inversion mask is applied to each contact input to normalize the data values and
simplify understanding of the software. For example, 63QT is a low lube oil pressure
trip switch that will open-to-trip. The inversion mask is applied such that whenever
logic L63QT = 1 it means that there is low lube oil pressure. Conversely, if the field
contact was closed-to-trip, the inversion mask would be 0 and L63QT = 1 would still
mean that there is low lube oil pressure.
Contact Outputs are from plug-in, magnetic relays with dry, form C contact
outputs. The control provides a floating 125 V dc source and suppression for each
solenoid with a 3.2 A slow-blow fuse on each side of the 125 V dc feeder.


Analog inputs can monitor 4-20 mA (250 ohms), which can be configured for self-
powered, differential inputs, or as sensors that use a +24 V dc supply from the
turbine control. Selected inputs can be configured for 0-1mA inputs (5,000 ohms), or
±5, 10 V dc inputs. Analog outputs can be configured for 4-20 mA output (500
ohms max) or 0-200 mA output (50 ohms max).
Gas turbine temperatures are monitored by type K thermocouples. Critical
temperatures, such as exhaust temperature have multiple thermocouples that are
divided between the three control modules for redundancy. Non-critical
thermocouples, such as wheelspace and bearing temperatures, are connected to one
thermocouple card in one control module, but the data is transmitted to all three main
processors for monitoring and alarming. The control can interface with grounded or
ungrounded thermocouples, and software linearization is provided for types E, J, K,
or T.
Generator temperatures are normally monitored with grounded 100 ohm platinum
RTDs. The control can interface with grounded or ungrounded RTDs. Software
linearization is provided for 10 ohm copper, 100/200 ohm platinum, or 120 ohm
nickel RTDs.
Speed Inputs include three passive, magnetic, speed sensor inputs. The median
value is used for speed control and primary overspeed protection in the control
modules. Three additional speed sensors are provided for emergency overspeed
protection. These sensors are monitored by the three sections of the backup
protection module and diagnostics are transmitted between the backup protection
module and the control modules for cross-tripping and alarm management.
The control monitors redundant Reuter Stokes type UV flame scanners and initiates
an alarm if the light intensity diminishes below an acceptable level due to carbon
buildup or other contaminants on the scanner windows.
Servo valve interface is described in the section, Control Functions.
Seismic (velocity) Vibration Transducers are monitored directly by the Mark VI
for trip protection of the turbine and generator. These devices generate a small output
current by passing a magnet through a fixed coil, thereby eliminating the need for
excitation current. All vibration sensors are continuously monitored for faults, alarm
levels, and trip levels. Protection features include:
Standard vibration protection • A start check permissive is inhibited if three or more turbine sensors or two or
in Mark VI card rack. more generator sensors are disabled or faulty.
• An automatic shutdown sequence is initiated if all turbine or all generator
sensors are disabled or faulty.
• A trip is initiated if one turbine vibration sensor indicates a trip level and any
other turbine sensor indicates an alarm level.
• A trip is initiated if one turbine vibration sensor indicates a trip level and any
adjacent pair of turbine sensors are disabled or indicates an alarm level.
• A trip is initiated if one turbine vibration sensor indicates a trip level and two or
more sensor inputs are disabled.


An option is available for Bently Nevada Proximitors for monitoring only. The
Proximitors can be supplied as either an interface to a Bently Nevada 3300 or 3500
monitor with an additional option for a Data Manager 2000 or as a direct interface to
the turbine control. A Mark VI option is available for buffered outputs to BNC
connectors to facilitate plug-in analysis instrumentation and direct plug connection
from the Mark VI termination boards to 3500 monitors.
Note The mission of the turbine control is to provide alarm and trip protection,
whereas the mission of the Bently Nevada is to facilitate vibration analysis.
Complete synchronizing The Synchronizing Interface uses a pair of single-phase potential transformers
system: auto, manual, and (PT), which are monitored by the control modules. It matches the turbine speed to
backup synch check the line frequency and match the generator and line voltages via the Unit Data
protection.. Highway (UDH) to the generator excitation system. A command is issued to close
the breaker based on a calculated breaker closure time. Diagnostics monitor the
actual breaker closure time and self-correct each time the breaker closes. The single
phase PTs are paralleled to the triple redundant backup protection module for the
backup synch check protection. The synch check protection is used to backup the
automatic synchronizing and the manual synchronizing which is implemented from a
synchroscope screen on a Human-Machine Interface (HMI) server. Three-phase PT
inputs from the generator and line, and single-phase current transformer (CT) inputs
are normally monitored by the generator protection and the EX2000.

Built-in Diagnostics
The Mark VI control system has extensive built-in diagnostics and includes
powerup, background, and manually initiated diagnostic routines. These diagnostics
are capable of identifying both control panel, sensor, and output device faults. These
faults are identified down to the board level for the panel, and to the circuit level for
the sensors and actuators.

System Overview
The control system consists of several networks. IONET is the Ethernet-based
network for communication between the three control modules, the three sections of
the protection module, and any expansion modules. IONET uses asynchronous
drives language (ADL) to poll the modules for data instead of using the typical
collision detection techniques used in Ethernet local area networks (LAN).
Ethernet networks with peer- The UDH is an Ethernet-based network that provides peer-to-peer communications
to-peer communication between the turbine control, the generator excitation control, and the static starter.
between turbine and The network uses Ethernet Global Data (EGD), which is a message-based protocol
generator controls. with support for sharing information with multiple nodes based on the UDP/IP
standard. Data can be transmitted unicast or broadcast to peer control systems on the
network. Data (4K) can be shared between up to 10 nodes at 25 Hz.
The Mark VI is used to control megawatt output, and the EX2000 is used to control
megavar output. The generator protection panel (GPP) is used to provide primary
protection for the generator. Additional protection features are located in the
EX2000. Although the UDH is capable of communicating control data, control loops
are closed internal to the turbine or generator control.


In the case of var/power factor control for the generator or tie-line, the turbine
control performs the regulation of the setpoint and transmits the command to adjust
the generator field on the UDH to the excitation control. All trip commands are hard-
wired between control units, including any trip commands coming from remote
control systems such as a Distributed Control System (DCS).
An optional OSI PI- based Dual servers (CIMPLICITY/Windows NT) are available to isolate the UDH
Historian is available for from the Plant Data Highway (PDH). These servers can be used as local or remote
long term data archiving and operator and/or maintenance stations and configured in a variety of arrangements.
retrieval. Typically, one server is located in each Packaged Electrical and Electronic Control
Compartment (PEECC) that contains a turbine control, a generator protection panel,
a motor control center, and the 125 V dc batteries. The primary server can be
provided with a time synchronization interface to a Global Time Source (GTS),
which is normally implemented with IRIG-B. A backup time master can be provided
in a backup server. Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used for internal time
synchronization with ±1 ms time coherence.

Plant DCS Network

Ethernet TCP-IP GSM

Ethernet TCP-IP Modbus
RS232/485 Modbus

Time Synch

Local Local
Operator Operator
Station Station
Gas Turbine #1 Gas Turbine #2 Steam Turbine
Unit Data Highway - Ethernet Network Time Protocol NTP

Gas Turbine Generator Gas Turbine Generator Static Starter Steam Turbine Generator
Control Excitation Control Excitation Control Excitation
Mark VI EX2000 Mark VI EX2000 Mark VI EX2000

Typical 207FA Control Network

The Plant Data Highway is used to communicate data to the plant distributed control
system or other third party platforms. A variety of protocols are supported for
communication with a plant DCS including RS-232C and RS-485 Modbus remote
terminal unit (RTU) master/slave, Ethernet TCP-IP Modbus slave, and Ethernet
TCP-IP with GEDS Standard Messages (GSM). The GSM protocol provides the
following messages:
• Administration
• Spontaneous Event Driven (with local time tags)
• Periodic Group Data (at rates to 1 second)
• Common Request


Control Functions
Startup Control is an open loop system that increases the fuel stroke reference
(FSR) as the turbine startup sequence progresses to preassigned plateaus.
Acceleration Control adjusts the FSR according to the rate of change of the turbine
speed to reduce the thermal shock to the hot gas path parts of the turbine.
Speed Control uses the median speed from three speed sensors for droop and
isochronous speed control with an automatic transfer to isochronous upon loss of the
tie-line breaker.
The FSR is determined by the Load Control compares the load setpoint with the MW feedback from a single-
control parameter calling for phase transducer and adjusts the speed setpoint to regulate the load. Selection of fast
the least fuel. load start or pre-selected load will raise the setpoint to the pre-selected load limit.
Selection of base or peak will raise the setpoint to the maximum limit.
Exhaust Temperature Control thermocouples are divided between the three
control modules for redundancy. All of the temperature data is transmitted to all of
the control modules that sort the data from the highest to the lowest temperature,
automatically reject bad thermocouple data, average the remaining data values, and
then execute the control algorithm. Three redundant transducers are supplied for
monitoring the compressor discharge pressure and biasing the temperature control to
correct for ambient temperature and the corresponding variations in mass flow.
Inlet Guide Vane Control modulates the position of the compressor stator vanes to
provide optimum compressor and unit operation. During startup, the guide vanes
open as the turbine speed increases. When the unit is online, the guide vanes
modulate to control turbine airflow temperature to optimize combustion system and
combine cycle performance.
Fuel Control consists of a reference from the governor and feedback of the fuel
control valves. The FSR is determined by the turbine parameter (speed, temperature,
and so on.) calling for the least fuel. Calculation of the FSR is performed in the main
processor and transmitted to the servo valve cards on the backplane of the control
modules. High speed regulation of the servo loop with LVDT position feedback is
performed on each servo card to obtain the maximum performance.
In liquid fuel control systems, FSR establishes the called for stroke of the bypass
valve. Fuel flow is proportional to the speed (fuel flow = speed X FSR). In gas fuel
systems with only a gas control valve, the fuel flow is a function of pressure (fuel
flow = pressure X FSR); therefore, a stop/speed ratio valve is added, which is
programmed by speed. Pressure is now a function of speed and the liquid fuel control
system and the gas fuel control system have the same characteristic (refer to the
following diagram).


Control Module Gas Fuel

Termination Stop/Speed
Main Processor VCMI VSVO Card
Board Ratio Valve
Software Servo
Logic D/A
Regulator 90SR
TNH (Speed) +

Gas Fuel
D/A 96FG

Gas Control
Software Servo
Regulator 65GC


Logic Chamber
FSR Splitter

Ratio Valve
FSR1 Pulse Flow
77FD Divider


TNH (Speed)
Logic Software Servo
Regulator 65FP

Liquid Fuel

Duel Fuel Control System

Generator Excitation Setpoints for volts (voltage matching during

synchronization) and var/power factor control for the generator and tie-line are in the
turbine control. References come from operator commands, and feedback comes
from a single-phase var transducer. Power factor is calculated from watts and vars.
Setpoints are transmitted from the turbine control to the generator excitation control
on the UDH.
Synchronizing is described in the section, I/O Interface.
Emissions Control is available with diluent (water or steam) injection through a
multi-nozzle quiet combustor to quench flame temperature and reduce thermal NOX
formation. Lean-burning, pre-mixed flame combustors are available for lower NOX
levels without the need for water or steam injection (dry low nox).


This automation enables The turbine control includes a completely automated startup and shutdown sequence,
operation of the gas turbine including interface to all of the auxiliary systems in the motor control center and
from a remote (off-site) generator protection system. Operators can choose to have the turbine automatically
location with the assurance sequence to intermediate hold points by selecting Crank or Fire without enabling
that the turbine is fully automatic synchronization. All ramp rates and hold times are pre-programmed for
protected and diagnostics will optimum performance, and counters record the number of starts, shutdowns, trips
capture and record any and running time under various conditions in non-volatile memory. Counters and
abnormal conditions that may timers for a 7FA, gas fuel, and dry low Nox (DLN) turbine are as follows:

Timers Counters
Total Fired Time Manually Initiated Starts
DLN Primary Mode Total Starts
DLN Lean-lean Mode Fast Load Starts
DLN Premix Mode Fired Starts
DLN Extended Lean-Lean Mode Emergency Trips

The turbine control system monitors all control and protection parameters and
initiates an alarm if an abnormal condition is detected. If the condition exceeds a
predefined trip level, the turbine control will drive the gas/liquid control valves to a
zero flow position and de-energize the hydraulic trip solenoids. Since this action is
vital to protecting the turbine, the electronics are triple redundant.
All of the control, protection, and monitoring algorithms are contained in the control
modules for efficiency in sharing the common data used in these calculations.
Backup protection for emergency overspeed and synch check protection is
performed in the protection module.




<R> Fuel To
Loss Of Flame
Module Turbine

<S> Fuel Control Fuel

Rotor Vibration Control
Module System Valve

Compressor <T> Hydraulic Trip Stop
Surge Module System Valve

TMR Applications
Fire Protection
<P> Protection Module

High Lube Oil <X> Steam Turbine

Header Temp. Section Stop Valves

For Single Shaft STAG

Generator <Y>
Synchronization Section
Steam Cycle
Trip System

Emergency <Z>
Overspeed Section

For Turbines With No

Exhaust Mech. Overspeed Bolt

Generator Synch
Check Protection

Manual Low Hydraulic

Customer Protect. Low Lube Oil Manual
Emergency Supply / Trip
Shutdown Pressure Hydraulic Trip
Trip Pressure

Typical Protection System

Each trip solenoid is powered from the 125 V dc floating battery bus with contacts
from the control module in series with the negative side of the bus and contacts from
the backup protection module in series with the positive side of the bus. Since there
are three control modules and three sections of the backup protection module, each
trip solenoid has three relays from the control module voting on one side and three
relays from the backup protection module voting on the other side.

10 • SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR GEI-100472

Diagnostics monitor a contact from each relay and also monitor the voltage directly
across the trip solenoid. For added insurance, diagnostic and trip data are
communicated between the control modules and the backup protection modules on
the triple redundant IONets for cross-tripping.
Overspeed protection consists of a primary overspeed monitoring system in the three
control modules and an emergency overspeed monitoring system in the backup
protection module, which replaces the mechanical overspeed bolt used on older
turbines. Each control module and each section of the backup protection module
monitors a separate passive magnetic speed sensor (6 total) from 2 rpm on a 60 tooth
wheel. Diagnostics monitor the speed and acceleration and exchange the data
between the control modules and the backup protection module on startup to verify
that all sensors are active.
The following is a list of typical trips supplied on a 7FA, gas fuel, DLN turbine.
Pre-ignition Trips Post-ignition Trips General Trips

Auxiliary Check (Servos) Loss of Flame Starting Device Trouble

Seal Oil DC Motor Undervoltage High Exhaust Temperature Inlet Guide Vane Trouble
DC Lube Oil Pump Exhaust Thermocouples Open Manual Trip
Failure to Ignite on Gas Fuel Compressor Bleed Valve Position Control Speed Signal Lost - HP
Load Tunnel Temperature High Protective Speed Signal Trouble
Red. Sensor Gas Fuel Hydraulic Control Speed Signal Trouble
Pressure Low
Turbine Lube Oil Header Gas CV Not Following Reference
Turbine Electronic Overspeed Secondary CV Not Following Ref.
Dry Low Nox System Trip PM3 CV Not Following Reference
Compressor Operating Limit Error Quaternary CV Not Following Ref.
Control System Fault
Low Lube Oil Pressure
Fire Indication
Generator Differential Trip
Transf. Differential Trip Lockout
Exhaust Pressure High
Breaker Failure Trip Lockout
Vibration Trip
Startup Fuel Flow Excessive
Loss of Protection HP Speed
Customer Trip

GEI-100472 SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR • 11

Operator Screens
The operator/maintenance interface is commonly referred to as the Human Machine
Interface (HMI). It is a PC with a GE CIMPLICITY graphics screen system, a
Microsoft Windows NT operating system, a Control System Toolbox with editors for
the application software and unit specific screens. This interface can be applied as:
• primary operator interface for one or multiple units
• backup operator interface to the plant DCS operator interface
• gateway for communication links to other control systems
• permanent or temporary maintenance station
• engineer’s workstation
All control and protection is resident in the turbine control, which allows the HMI to
be a non-essential component of the control system. It can be reinitialized or
replaced with the turbine running with no impact on the control system. The HMI
communicates with the processor card in the turbine control via the Ethernet-based

Operator Interface Graphics

12 • SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR GEI-100472

Gas turbine control screens show a diagram of the turbine with the primary control
parameters. The diagram is repeated on most of the screens to enable operators to
maintain a visual picture of the turbine’s performance while changing screens. Some
screens such as the exhaust temperature monitor and the static starter screen have
unique graphics. All screens have a menu on the right-hand side of the display,
which has a hierarchy of an Overview screen (for a multiple unit site), Unit selection
(such as GT1 or GT2), Control/Monitor/Auxiliaries/Tests screen category selection,
and a sub-menu of specific screens for each category.

Typical Gas Turbine Screens

Control Screens Monitor Screens Auxiliaries Tests

Startup Bearing Temperature Flame Overspeed Tests
Dry Low Nox Exhaust Temperature Generator Capability
FSR Control Generator RTDs Start Check
Generator/Exciter Hydrogen Static Starter
IGV Control Seismic Vibration Timers
Motors Wheelspace Temperature Trip Diagram
Synchronizing Water Wash

The primary screen in the system is the Startup screen. Since the gas turbine control
provides fully automatic startup including all interface to auxiliary systems, an
operator can initiate all of the basic commands and observe all of the primary control
parameters and status conditions from this single screen.
All operator commands can be given through momentary pushbutton commands on
the screen. The command is sent to the Mark VI control where the application
software initiates the requested action assuming that the appropriate permissives are
satisfied. A response to the command can be observed within one second, if it does
not involve subsequent system time delays like purging.
As an example, if Ready to Start is displayed in the Startup Status field, a Start
command can be given. A small pop-up window displays above the Start button for
the operator to verify the start of the turbine. Upon verification, the application
software checks the startup permissives and initiates a startup sequence, which
displays Starting and Sequence in Progress messages on the left side of the screen.
The purpose of the alarm If the unit was not ready to start, then the message Not Ready to Start displays and
queue is to identify any an alarm message displays in the bottom left-hand corner of the screen identifying
abnormal condition including the reason. In addition, there is a Start Check screen (under Auxiliaries), which
any reason to inhibit a start provides a graphical representation and status of the Start Check / Ready to Start
sequence. permissives. This graphic also relates to the functional organization of the
application software for the Start Check/Ready to Start Permissives. Similarly, all
trips displayed in the alarm field and in the Trip Diagram under Auxiliaries. If a
latched trip is the reason for not being ready to start, then the operator must select
the Master Reset button on the Startup screen. This references another screen to
remind the operator to investigate the latched trip prior to issuing a Master Reset.

GEI-100472 SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR • 13

In some cases, it is more convenient for the operator to change a setpoint, such as
MW, by typing in a numerical value for the setpoint rather than issuing raise/lower
commands. This capability is provided, and the application software in the Mark VI
automatically compares the requested setpoint with acceptable limits and determines
a suitable rate to ramp the setpoint to the new target.
A Startup Trend can be selected with pre-assigned parameters for the mean exhaust
temperature, speed, maximum vibration, compressor discharge pressure, inlet guide
vane position, and the fuel stroke reference. More detailed information and trending
are provided on supporting screens, and customized trends can be created too.

14 • SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR GEI-100472

Typical Turbine Instrumentation
Redundant and Multiple Sensors

Device Parameter Function Device Type Quantity Redundant

26QA/T Lube oil temp high A/P Temp switch 3 S
28FD Flame detector A/P UV scanner 4/8 S
33FL Liquid fuel stop valve M Limit switch 2 S
39VX Vibration sensor A/P Velocity pu 2 S
45FX Fire detector A/P Temp switch 2* S
63HG Gas fuel trip oil pressure A/P Press switch 3 D
63HL Liquid fuel trip oil pressure A/P Press switch 3 D
63QA/T Lube oil hydraulic pressure A/P Press switch 3 S
63TF Inlet filter pressure C/P Press switch 3 D
65FP Liquid fuel pump servo C 3 coil servo 1 D
65GC Gas control valve servo C 3 coil servo 1 D
77FD Liquid fuel flow C/P Magnetic pu 3 D
77NH Speed magnetic pickup C Magnetic pu 3 D
77NT Speed magnetic pickup A/P Magnetic pu 3 D
77WN Water flow magnetic pu C Magnetic pu 4 S
90SR Gas ratio valve servo C 3 coil servo 1 D
90TV Inlet guide vane servo C 3 coil servo 1 D
96FG-2 Gas fuel control pressure C Transducer 3 D
96GC Gas control valve C LVDT 2 S
96SR Gas ratio valve C LVDT 2 S
96TV Inlet guide vane C LVDT 2 S
CTDA Compressor discharge M TC 2 S
CTIF Compressor inlet temperature M TC 2 S
FTGI-x Fuel gas supply temperature C TC 3 D
ST-SJ-x Steam supply pressure C TC 3 D
TTWS-x GT wheelspace temperature A/P TC 2/w S
TTXD-x GT exhaust temperature C/P TC 18* D/S
* All channels/locations except one are redundant by means of two sensors per location. The non-redundant
location has one sensor.
The number of exhaust thermocouples (TCs) varies with the gas turbine (GT) model from 13 to 27. TCs are
divided between the control modules for redundancy.
Legend: S = Shared D = Dedicated A = Alarm M = Monitor P = Protection C = Control

GEI-100472 SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR • 15

Non-Redundant Sensors (Partial Listing)

Device Parameter Function Device Type Quantity

12HA Mechanical overspeed bolt sensor A/P Limit switch 1
20FG Gas fuel trip oil C Solenoid valve 1
20FL Liquid fuel trip oil C Solenoid valve 1
26FD Liquid fuel temperature C Temp switch 1
26QL/M Lube oil temperature low / moderate C Temp switch 1 each
26QN Lube oil temperature normal P Temp switch 1
33CS Starting clutch M Limit switch 1
33HR Ratchet position C/A Limit switch 1
39FC Cooler fan vibration A Vibration switch 1/fan
63AD Atomizing air differential pressure A Pressure switch 1
63FD Liquid fuel pressure A* Pressure switch 1
63FG Gas fuel pressure A* Pressure switch 1
63LF1 Liquid fuel filter pressure A Pressure switch 1
63LF2 Liquid fuel forwarding filter pressure A Pressure switch 1
63QA Lube oil pressure P Pressure switch 1
63QL Lube oil pressure P Pressure switch 1
63TK Exhaust frame cooling pressure A/P Pressure switch 1/fan
63WC Cooling water pressure low A Pressure switch 1
71QH Lube tank high level A Level switch 1
71QL Lube tank low level A Level switch 1
71WL Water tank low level A Level switch 1
96FF-1 Gas fuel flow pressure C Transducer 1
96FG1 Gas fuel supply pressure C Transducer 1
*Can be used to initiate a transfer from primary to backup fuel.
Legend: S = Shared D = Dedicated A = Alarm M = Monitor P = Protection C = Control

16 • SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR GEI-100472

Cabinet access: Front door access only
Card Backplane: VME type (VERSA Module Eurocard)
Cabinet: NEMA 1 convection cooled, similar to IP-20
Cable Entrance: Top and/or bottom
Finish: E-coat primed, pebble gray – RAL 7032 Door, rear wall, roof: powder
Locks: Lockable door
Material: Sheet steel
Terminal Blocks: (24) point, barrier type terminal blocks that can be unplugged for
maintenance. Each screw can terminate (2) #12 AWG (3.0mm2), 300 V insulated
Weight: 3,500 lbs. (1,587 kg.)
Type Width Depth Height
3 cabinet lineup with 1 Control Cabinet & 2 Termination Cabinets 4,200 mm 602mm 2,324mm
(Typical for 7FA) 165.4 inches 23.7 inches 91.5 inches
2 cabinet lineup with 1 Control Cabinet & 1 Termination Cabinet 2,600 mm 602mm 2,324mm
(Typical for 7EA) 102.4 inches 23.7 inches 91.5 inches

GEI-100472 SPEEDTRONIC, Mark VI TMR • 17

Power Requirements
The control cabinet is powered from the 125 V dc battery bus and short circuit
protected in the motor control center. Both sides of the floating 125 V dc bus are
continuously monitored with respect to ground. The 125 V dc is fuse isolated in the
Mark VI power distribution module and fed to the internal power supplies for the
control modules, the termination boards for the field contact inputs, and to the
termination boards for the turbine solenoids. Additional 3.2 A fuse protection is
provided on the termination board for each solenoid. Separate 120 V ac feeds are
provided from the motor control center for the ignition transformers. Auxiliary
120/240 V ac sources can be provided for cabinet power if required. A separate UPS
is required for power to the HMI and network equipment.

Control Cabinet Power

Steady-State Voltage Frequency Load Comments

125 V dc (100 to 145Vdc) 10 A dc Ripple <= 5% Add 0.5 A dc continuous for each dc
120 V ac (105 to 132 V ac) 47 - 63Hz 15 A rms Harmonic distortion < 7% Add 6.0 A rms for a continuously
powered ignition transformer
240 V ac (210 to 264 V ac) 47 - 63 Hz 7.5 A rms Harmonic distortion < 7 % Add 3.5 A rms for a continuously
powered ignition transformer

Acronyms and Abbreviations

TMR Triple Modular Redundant PDH Plant Data Highway
SOE Sequence of Events PEECC Packaged Electrical and Electronic Control Compartment
LVDT Linear Variable Differential GTS Global Time Source
RTD Resistance Temperature Device IRIG-B Inter-Range Instrumentation Group
UDH Unit Data Highway NTP Network Time Protocol
HMI Human-Machine Interface RTU Remote Terminal Unit
CT Current Transformer GSM GEDS Standard Messages
ADL Asynchronous Drives Language FSR Fuel Stroke Reference
EGD Ethernet Global Data DLN Dry Low Nox
GPP Generator Protection Panel GT Gas Turbine
TC Thermocouple PT Potential Transformer
DCS Distribution Control System

GE Industrial Systems
Issue date: 2000-07-05 General Electric Company
 2000 by General Electric Company, USA.
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Salem, VA 24153-6492 USA