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CARDINAL NUMBER

Cardinal number is a number used in counting to indicate quantity. A cardinal number


answers the question "How many?" Also called a counting number or a cardinal
numeral.

How to write cardinal number


 A common rule (though not all style guides agree) is that cardinal
numbers one through nine are spelled out in an essay or article,
while numbers 10 and above are written in figures.

Example: I have three apples


I have 11 apples

 An alternative rule is to spell out numbers of one or two words (such


as two and two million), and use figures for numbers that require more than two
words to spell out (such as 214 and 1,412).

Example: I have two cars


I pay two million for the car
I pay 2.500.000 for a car

 In either case, numbers that begin a sentence should be written out as words.

Example: Nine people injured have been taken to the hospital.

 Regardless of which rule you choose to follow, exceptions are made for dates,
decimals, fractions, percentages, scores, exact sums of money, and
pages−all of which are generally written in figures. In business
writing and technical writing, figures are used in nearly all cases.

Example:
"At universities nationwide, employment of administrators
jumped 60 percent from 1993 to 2009, 10 times the growth rate for
tenured faculty."

(John Hechinger, "The Troubling Dean-to-Professor Ratio." Bloomberg


Businessweek, November 26, 2012)
ORDINAL NUMBER

An ordinal number is a number that indicates position or order in relation to other


numbers: first, second, third, and so on. Contrast with cardinal number, Ordinal
numbers do not represent quantity, but rather indicate rank and position, such as
the fifth car, the twenty‐fourth bar, the second highest marks, and so on"

How to write ordinal number:

Ordinal numbers can be written as words (second, third) or as numerals followed


by abbreviations (2nd, 3rd).

NUMBER CARDINAL ORDINAL


1 One First (1st)
2 Two Second (2nd)
3 Three Third (3rd)
4 Four Fourth (4th)
5 Five Fifth (5th)
6 Six Sixth (6th)
7 Seven Seventh (7th)
8 Eight Eighth (8th)
9 Nine Ninth (9th)
10 Ten Tenth (10th)
11 Eleven Eleventh (11th)
12 Twelve Twelfth (12th)
13 Thirteen Thirteenth (13th)
14 Fourteen Fourteenth (14th)
20 Twenty Twentieth (20th)
21 Twenty one Twenty first (21st)
22 Twenty two Twenty second (22nd)
30 Thirty Thirtieth (30th)
31 Thirty one Thirty first (31st)
40 Forty Fortieth (40th)
100 One hundred Hundredth (100th)
1000 One thousand Thousandth (1000th)

When a cardinal number and an ordinal number modify the same noun, the ordinal
number always precedes the cardinal number:

Example: The first two operations were the most difficult to watch.
The second three innings were quite dull.
NOMINAL NUMBER
A nominal number or categorical number are numeric code. It is a number used only
as a name meaning used for labelling or to identification only. The values of the
numerals are irrelevant, and they do not indicate quantity, rank, or any other
measurement. For example the number on the back of a football player, a postal
code, a telephone number, a number of house address etc. how to write a nominal
number is like cardinal number.
Example: Rossi’s bike number is 46.
021 is phone code for Jakarta.
Canada has country code 1.

EXERCISE:
1. I have breakfast at ……. o'clock. cardinal
2. My brother is in the …1st/ first….. class. ordinal
3. Jamie is …9…. years old. cardinal
4. Today is the …2nd ….. of April. ordinal
5. It costs only .….. pound. cardinal
6. I am so happy, that he won the …….. prize. ordinal
7. It takes ……… hours to get from London to Cairo by air. cardinal
8. It's the …….. day of our holiday in Florida. ordinal
9. He scored …….. goals in …….. games. Cardinal-ordinal
10. It was his ……… goal in the last …….. games. Ordinal-cardinal