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Alharbi 1

Fawziah Alharbi

Dr. Cassel

ENG 1201-215

25 October 2018

Annotated Bibliography On the Death Penalty

My topic explores the death penalty. I still need to know more about the legitimacy of

the death penalty. Moreover, much needs to be comprehended in the context of public opinion

regarding the death penalty. This is by focusing on the research question “What is the death

penalty and why is there so much controversy on this topic? Who deserves this and how would

this process work?” I think the answer to this question will be found in many parliamentary and

jury’s debates regarding the applicability and legitimacy of the death penalty. Peer-reviewed

articles, books, as well as website sources will also be reliable sources of this essential

information regarding the death penalty.

Jon B. Gould and Kenneth Sebastian Leon. “A Culture That Is Hard to Defend:

Extralegal Factors in Federal Death Penalty Cases.” Vol 107: (2017).


In this brief analysis, Gould & Leon assert that capital punishment has troubling aspects.

The article says that capital punishment is linked to extralegal factors such as class, race, and

gender, which strongly correlates with the probability of a death sentence. It also provides that

capital punishment causes significant geographic differences. It also provides that instead of

presenting uniform national system, the evident geographic differences suggest a similar
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patchwork of outcomes evident in the state capital sentencing. The article argues that the re-

conceptualization of extralegal influences the association amid local legal culture case outcomes.

The authors’ main intent in this article was to shed light on the extralegal factor that

stands right amid the defendants and the opportunity to defend against the death penalty. The

author wanted to show that there should be an alternative to the death penalty. This article best

addresses the criminal justice administration professionals. The study was based in the U.S.

Supreme Court’s 1972 ruling in Furman v. Georgia. It also reflects the 1976 ruling in Gregg v.

Georgia. These cases involved the execution of the death penalty in the U.S. This setting shares

that the death penalty is a challenging ruling mechanism it should be complemented with

alternative proceedings. This article was developed by Gould & Leon. The authors are credible

because they offer an effective evaluation of court rulings more appropriately and accurately.

They show a complete understanding of the criminal justice literature, and this gives adequate

material to write the article. This article is reliable because it addresses relevant literature about

the issues with the death penalty. Information from this article will be used in shedding light on

the effects of capital punishment. It is intended for an academic audience. More on this, I will

use literature from this source to defend my assertion that the death penalty is cruel and

inhumane and hence it should be abolished. Information from this article will offer a basis for the


(Modern Language Assoc.)
Works Cited
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Hard to Defend: Extralegal Factors in Federal Death Penalty
Cases.” Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, vol. 107, no. 4, Fall
2017, pp. 643–686. EBSCOhost,