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# Over a certain región of space, the electric potential is V= 5x……………………… (a) Find the

expressions for the x,y, and z components of the electric field over this región. (b) What is the
magnitude of the field at the point P that has coordinates (1,0,-2) ?

Two conductors having net charges of +10 uC and -10 uC have a potential difference of 10 V
between them. (a) Determine the capacitance of the system. (b) What is the potential difference
between the two conductors if the charges on each are increased to +100 uC and -100 uC ?

(a) Regarding the Earth and a cloud layer 800m above the Earth as the “plates” of a capacitor,
calculate the capacitance of the Earth-cloud layer syste. Assume the cloud layer has an área of
1.00 km2 and the air between the cloud and the ground is pure and dry. Assume charge builds up
on the cloud and on the ground until a uniform electric field of 3x 10^6 N/C throughout the space
between them maakes the air break down and conduct electricity as a lightning bolt. (b) what is
the máximum charge the cloud can hold?

An air-filled parallel-plate capacitor has plates of área 2.30 cm2 separated by 1.50mm (a) Find the
value of its capacitance. The capacitor is connected to a 12 –V battery. (b) What is the charge on
the capacitor? (c) What is the magnitude of the uniform electric field between the plates?

An isolated, charged conducting sphere of radius 12.0 cm creates an electric field of 4.9 x 10^4 N/C
at a distance 21.0 cm from its center. (a) What is its surface charge density? (b) What is its
capacitance?

Three capacitors are connected to a battery as as a shown in Figure p26.20. Their capacitances are
C1 = 3C, C2= C, and C3 = 5C. (a) What is the equivalent capacitance of this set of capacitors? (b)
State the ranking of the capacitors according to the charge they store from largest to smallest. (c)
Rank the capacitors according to the potential differences across potential differences across them
from largest to smallest. (d) What if? Assume C3 is increased. Explain what happens to the charge
stored by each capacitor.

(a) Find the equivalent capacitance berween points a and b for the group of capacitors connected
as shown in Figure p26.22. Take c1= 5uC, c2=10 uC, and c3=2uC. (b) What charge is store don
C3 if the potential difference between points a and b is 600 v?

Find (a) the equivalent capacitance of the capacitors in Figure P26.26 (b) the charge on each
capacitor, and (c) the potential difference across each capacitor.
Two capacitors, C1 = 18 uC and C2 = 36 uC, are connected in series, and a 12V battery is connected
across the two capacitors. Find (a) the equivalent capacitance and (b) the energy stored in this
equivalent capacitance. (c) Find the energy stored in each individual capacitor. (d) Show that the
sum of these two energies is the same as the energy found in part (b). (e) Will this equality always
be true, or does it dependo n the number of capacitors and their capacitances? (f) If the same
capacitors were connected in parallel, what potential difference would be riquired across them so
that the combination stores the same energy as in part (a)? (g) Which capacitors stores more
energy in this situation C1 or C2?

Review. A storm cloud and the ground represent the plates of a capacitor, During a storm, the
capacitor has a potential difference of 1x10^8 V between its plates and a charge of 50 C. A
lightning strike delivers 1.00% of the energy of the capacitor to a tree on the ground. How much
sap in the tree can be boiled away? Model the sap as wáter initially at 30°C. Water has a specific
heat of 4 186 J/kg °C , a boiling point of 100 °C, and a latent heat of vaporization of 2.26 x10^6
j/kg.

An aluminum wire having a cross-sectional área equal to 4.0 x 10^-6 m2 carries a current of 5.0 A.
The density of aluminum is 2.70 g/cm3. Assume each aluminum atom supplies one conduction
electron per atom. Find the drift speed of the electrons in the wire.

Suppose the current in a conductor decreases exponentially with time according to the equation
I(t) = I e^-t/T, where I is the initial current (at t=0) and T is a constant having dimensions of time.
Consider a fixed observation point within the conductor. (a) How much charge passes this point
between t=o and t=T? (b) How much charge passes this point between t=0 and t=10T? (c) What If?
How much charge passes this point between t=0 and t= ∞

An electric current in a conductor varies with time according to the expression I(t)= 100 sin
(120πt), where I is in amperes and t is in seconds. What is the total charge passing a given point in
1
the conductor from t=0 to t= 𝑆?
240

Suppose you wish to fabricate a uniform wire from 1.0 g of copper. If the wire is to have a
resistance of R = 0.500 Ω and all the copper is to be used, what must be (a) the length and (b) the
diameter of this wire.
A portion of Nichrome wire of radius 2.50 mm is to be used in winding a heating coil. If the coil
must draw a current of 9.25 A when a voltage of 120 V is applied across its ends, find (a) the
required resistance of the coil and (b) the length of wire you must use to wind the coil.