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Ernesto Arzabala Universidad Tecnológica de Chihuahua Octubre 2018

IOT – “The Internet of Things

specialized elements of

hardware and software

,

connected by wires, radio waves

and infrared, will be so

ubiquitous that

no one

notice their presence

.”

will

-Mark Weiser, Xerox PARC, 1991

IOT – “El Internet de las cosas”

 

We need an

internet for

things

, a standarized way

     
 

for

computers

to

       

understand the real world

.”

Kevin Ashton, P&G , 2002

IOT – “The Web of Things

Stores have eyes. Now they´re

are getting brains. Soon tiny

wireless chips

stuck on

   

shampoo bottles and jeans

will

   

track all that you wear and buy

.”

-Chana R. Schoenberger, Forbes, 2002

IOT – “The Internet of Things

The origin of the Internet of Things

1999 ,

Auto-ID Centre

universities.

, 100 companies, 7 research

Keving Ashton

 

(MIT) ,

David Brock

Sanjay Sarma Duncan McFarlane
Sanjay Sarma

Sanjay Sarma

Sanjay Sarma Duncan McFarlane
Duncan McFarlane

Duncan McFarlane

(P&G) , Professor

(MIT) ,

(University of Cambridge)

IOT – “El Internet de las Cosas”

The origin of the Internet of Things

1999, Auto-ID Centre’s aim was to investigate and

understand what came next

after the barcode

RFID tags

EPC (Electronic Product Code)

IOT – “The Web of Things

Internet

How to establish an

connection

products

 

being made

solution

for

while

parts

and

they

were

RFID

was the

-Duncan McFarlane, Forbes, 2015

IOT – “The Internet of Things

This

is

the

next

 

50

years

of

computing

.This

is

not

a

small

thing

..

Duncan McFarlane (2015)

10-15 trillons next 20 years
10-15 trillons next 20 years
10-15 trillons

10-15 trillons

10-15 trillons next 20 years
10-15 trillons next 20 years
10-15 trillons next 20 years
next 20 years

next 20 years

global

IOT will add

GDP

in the

(USD) to

. Forbes (2015)

#WebOfThings

4.9 billons of

2018

Connected Things

in

3.6 millons of

2015

4.4 millons of

2015

Apple Watches

sold in

Fitbit

devices sent in

#InternetDeLasCosas

By

2023
2023

, over

 

30 billion connected devices 1

are forecast, of which

around 20 billion will be related to the IoT.

The

short-range segment

largely consists of devices connected by

unlicensed radio technologies, with a typical range of up to 100

meters, such

as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and Zigbee

.

The

wide-area segment

consists of devices using

cellular

 

connections

, as well as

unlicensed low-power technologies,

such as

Sigfox and LoRa.

 

Presently,

the

 

dominant technology

in the wide-area segment is

GSM/GPRS

. However, by

2023, IoT cellular connectivity

will mainly

be provided by

LTE and 5G

.

#InternetDeLasCosas

Google

bought

smart thermostat

maker,

NEST Labs

 

Samsung

purchased

Smart Things

a

connected home company

 

IOT – “El Internet de las Cosas”

real promise

The

of

connecting computers is to

free people, by

embedding

 
     

the means to solve problems

   

in the things around us

.”

-When Things Start to Think ’, Neil Gershenfeld

IOT – “The Web of Things

The Internet of Things allows people and things to be connected

Internet of Things allows people and things to be connected Anytime, Anyplace, with Anything and Anyone,

Anytime, Anyplace, with Anything

and Anyone, ideally using Any path/network and Any service.”

-Perera et al. 2014

IOT – “The Internet of Things

“It

is

a

global

network

of

interconnected

 

objects

 
 

,

uniquely

 

identifiable

based

       

on a

standard communication

protocol

.

-CERP-IoT 2010

IOT – “El Internet de las Cosas”

IoT is much more than

“ The

wireless sensor networks, the enabling technologies

M2M communication,

2G/3G/4G, RFID, etc. These are for IoT applications”

2G/3G/4G, RFID, etc. These are for IoT applications” “An interconnection of highly heterogeneous networked

“An

interconnection of highly heterogeneous networked

         

entities

 

the IoT follows a number of

communication

 
 

,

: human-to-human (

         

),

patterns

H2H

), human-to-thing (

H2T

   

) ”

thing-to-thing (

T2T
T2T

), or thing-to-things (

T2Ts

 

-’Security Challenges and Approaches in Internet of Things’. Misra, Maheswaran and

Hasmi.Springer,2017

IOT – “The Web of Things

M2M

allows

Machine-to-machine (

) communication

machines and devices to pass

of

along small amounts

information to other machines.

This includes communication to and from smoke detectors, door locks, alarms, water meters,

agricultural sensors, smart buildings, smart

lighting, environmental sensors, and more.

IOT – “The Internet of Things

M2M Network Architectures

Cellular ( 2G/3G/4G/4.5G/5G/LTE)

WiFi - IEEE 802.11

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) - IEEE 802.15.1

ZigBee IEEE 802.15.4

6LowPAN IEEE 802.15.4

SIGFOX LowPAN

LoRaWAN LowPAN

IOT – “El Internet de las Cosas”

2005.Interaction Design Institute Ivrea. Ivrea,

Italy

Arduino

Combined with an extensión of the wiring

software environment, it

made

a

huge

impact on the world of physical computing

.

-Designing the Internet of Things’.McEwen and Cassamally.

IOT – “The Web of Things

“It’s a long way since the first bar-

coded ítem, a ten-pack of Wrigley´s

gum, was scanned in

years from now such may have a chip inside

1974. Ten

a package

.”

Wrigley´s gum, was scanned in years from now such may have a chip inside 1974. Ten

-Chana R. Schoenberger

#InternetOfThings

Ernesto Arzabala

Universidad Tecnológica de Chihuahua

Octubre 2018