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(a) To afford full protection and advancement of the right of the people to a healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature;
(b) To fulfill human needs while maintaining the quality of the natural environment for current and future generations;

(c) To stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system which
should be achieved within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to
enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner;

(d) To adopt the strategic goals in order to build national and local resilience to climate change-related disasters;

(e) To cooperate with the global community in the resolution of climate change issues, including disaster risk reduction;

(f) To enjoin the participation of national and local governments, businesses, nongovernment organizations, local communities and the public to prevent and reduce
the adverse impacts of climate change and, at the same time, maximize the benefits of climate change;

(g) To incorporate a gender-sensitive, pro-children and pro-poor perspective in all climate change and renewable energy efforts, plans and programs;

(h) To strengthen, integrate, consolidate and institutionalize government initiatives to achieve coordination in the implementation of plans and programs to address
climate change in the context of sustainable development;

(i) To integrate disaster risk reduction into climate change programs and initiatives; and

(j) To systematically integrate the concept of climate change in various phases of policy formulation, development plans, poverty reduction strategies and other
development tools and techniques by all agencies and instrumentalities of the government.


Section 9. Powers and Functions of the Commission (i.e., Climate Change Commission). – The Commission shall have the following powers and functions:
a) Coordinate and synchronize climate change programs in consultation with national government agencies and other stakeholders;

b) Formulate a Strategic Framework on Climate Change to serve as the basis for a program for climate change planning, research and development,
extension, and monitoring of activities on climate change;

c) Exercise policy coordination to ensure the attainment of goals set in the strategic framework and program on climate change;
d) Recommend legislation, policies, strategies, programs on and appropriations for climate change adaptation and mitigation and other related activities;

e) Recommend key development investments in climate-sensitive sectors such as water resources, agriculture, forestry, coastal and marine resources, health,
and infrastructure to ensure the achievement of national sustainable development goals;

f) Create an enabling environment for the design of relevant and appropriate risk-sharing and risk-transfer instruments;

g) Create an enabling environment that shall promote broader multi-stakeholder participation and integrate climate change mitigation and adaptation;

h) Formulate strategies for mitigating GHG emissions, anthropogenic sources and enhance removals by sinks;
i) Coordinate and establish a close partnership with the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council in order to increase efficiency and
effectiveness in reducing the people's vulnerability to climate-related disasters;

j) In coordination with the Department of Foreign Affairs, represent the Philippines in the climate change negotiations, constitute and lead the Philippine
panel of negotiators of the UNFCCC and the formulation of official Philippine positions on climate change negotiation issues and decision areas in the
international negotiation arena;

k) Formulate and update guidelines for determining vulnerability to climate change impacts and adaptation assessments and facilitate the provision of
technical assistance for their implementation and monitoring;
l) Coordinate with local government units (LGUs) and private entities to address vulnerability to climate change impacts of regions, provinces, cities and

m) Facilitate capacity building for local adaptation planning, implementation and monitoring of climate change initiatives in vulnerable and marginalized
communities and areas;

n) Promote and provide technical and financial support to local research and development programs and projects in vulnerable and marginalized communities
and areas;

o) Oversee the dissemination of` information on climate change, local vulnerabilities and risks, relevant laws and protocols and adaptations and mitigation

p) Establish a coordination mechanism with the concerned government agencies and other stakeholders to ensure transparency and coherence in the
administration of climate funds taking into consideration the official Philippine position in international negotiations; and

q) Perform such other functions as may be necessary for the effective implementation of this Act."

Section 11. Framework Strategy and Program on Climate Change. – Framework shall serve as the basis for a program for climate change planning, research and
development, extension, and monitoring of activities to protect vulnerable communities from the adverse effects of climate change.


The State hereby promotes the following Vision and Goal for Climate Change, the achievement of which is operationalized in the succeeding Framework
“A climate risk-resilient Philippines with healthy, safe, prosperous and self-reliant communities, and thriving and productive ecosystems.”

“To build the adaptive capacity of communities and increase the resilience of natural ecosystems to climate change, and optimize mitigation opportunities
towards sustainable development.”
The national framework is formulated within the context of the country’s sustainable development goals and governance/institutional factors that affect
the country’s ability to respond to climate change. The changing climate conditions will have a myriad of impacts and underscore the vulnerabilities in all sectors of
society and the economy. Adaptation will require resources and the cooperation of all sectors. Addressing climate change, therefore, moves beyond the
environmental challenges and will have to be closely linked with economic targets and social sustainability.
The Framework Strategy provides a basis for the national program on climate change. It identifies Key Result Areas to be pursued in key climate-sensitive
sectors in addressing the adverse effects of climate change both under adaptation and mitigation. The framework is based on the fundamental principles of
sustainable development and treats mitigation as a function of adaptation, cognizant of the vulnerability of key sectors that include energy.
Increasing temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, see level rise and extreme weather events form the backdrop upon which the Philippines endeavors
to pursue its development goals. Such factors affect key sectors such as ecosystems, food, water, human health, infrastructure, energy, and human society. The
ability of the country to address such impacts and vulnerabilities of these sectors affect the facility by which sustainable development is pursued. Sustainable
development, on the other hand, greatly impinges on the capacity of the country to adapt to the impacts and address vulnerabilities to climate change.
In order to achieve key result areas, it is important to ensure the cross-cutting strategies are likewise given attention. As means of implementation, the
framework puts forward multi-stakeholder partnerships, financing, valuation, and policy planning and mainstreaming.
The following diagram illustrates a more specific aspect of the Climate Change Framework, taking into account how climate change impacts and
vulnerabilities shall be addressed by adaptation, mitigation and cross-cutting strategies and supported by the means of implementation – which would eventually
lead to achievement of the National Goal.
Source: Office of the President of the Philippines: Climate Change Commission’s National Framework Strategy on Climate Change 2010-2022

Section 13. National Climate Change Action Plan. – The National Climate Change Action Plan shall include, but not limited to, the following components:
(a) Assessment of the national impact of climate change;
(b) The identification of the most vulnerable communities/areas, including ecosystems to the impacts of climate change, variability and extremes;
(c) The identification of differential impacts of climate change on men, women and children;
(d) The assessment and management of risk and vulnerability;
(e) The identification of GHG mitigation potentials; and
(f) The identification of options, prioritization of appropriate adaptation measures for joint projects of national and local governments.
Source: Climate Change Commission’s National Climate Change Action Plan 2011-2028

Section 14. Local Climate Change Action Plan. – The LGUs shall be the frontline agencies in the formulation, planning and implementation of climate change action
plans in their respective areas, consistent with the provisions of the Local Government Code, the Framework, and the National Climate Change Action Plan. It shall be
composed of the following units:
 Barangays;
 Municipal and City Governments;
 Provincial Governments; and
 Inter-local Government Unit.


Below is the diagram of the framework for the mainstreaming and integration of the local climate change action plan (LCCAP) in the development planning and
budgeting of Local Government Units.
The planning process diagram identifies the steps in the development of the CDP where a corresponding LCCAP process could be mainstreamed. On the other hand, if
the LGU has already completed its CDP prior to the formulation of its LCCAP, it also identifies the steps or part of the CDP that could be used as entry points in LCCAP
formulation. Towards the end of the process, the LCCAP prioritized programs, projects and activities could be integrated in the current CDP and considered for budget
allocation in the LGU’s Annual Investment Plan.
Source: LGU Guidebook on the Formulation of Local Climate Change Action Plan (LCCAP) Book 1

Section 15. Role of Government Agencies. – To ensure the effective implementation of the framework strategy and program on climate change, concerned agencies
shall perform the following functions:
(a) The Department of Education (DepEd) shall integrate climate change into the primary and secondary education curricula and/or subjects, such as, but not limited
to, science, biology, sibika, history, including textbooks, primers and other educational materials, basic climate change principles and concepts;

(b) The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) and Local Government Academy, in coordination with the National Economic and Development
Authority and other concerned agencies, shall facilitate the development and provision of a capacity-building program for LGUs in climate change, including the
provision of necessary and appropriate technology. The program shall include socioeconomic, geophysical, policy, and other content necessary to address the
prevailing and forecasted conditions and risks of particular LGUs. It shall likewise focus on women and children, especially in the rural areas, since they are the most

(c) The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) shall oversee the establishment and maintenance of a climate change information management
system and network, including on climate change risks, activities and investments, in collaboration with other concerned national government agencies, institutions
and LGUs;

(d) The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) shall review international agreements related to climate change and make the necessary recommendation for
ratification and compliance by the government on matters pertaining thereto;

(e) The Philippine Information Agency (PIA) shall disseminate information on climate change, local vulnerabilities and risk, relevant laws and protocols and
adaptation and mitigation measures;

(f) The Department of Finance (DOF) shall coordinate with the Commission on matters concerning fiscal policies related to climate change and monitor and report
measures involving climate finance;

(g) The Department of Budget and Management (DBM) shall undertake the formulation of the annual national budget in a way that ensures the appropriate
prioritization and allocation of funds to support climate change-related programs and projects in the annual program of government;

(h) The Department of Science and Technology (DOST), through the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), shall
promote, assist and, where appropriate, undertake scientific and technological research and development, projections and analysis of future climate scenarios,
including activities relative to observation, collection, assessment and processing of climate-related data such as, but not limited to, rainfall, sea-level-rise,
extreme climate events, rise in temperatures, and records of severe droughts monitored over long periods of time, in coordination with LGUs in priority/target
monitoring sites, for the benefit of agriculture, natural resources, commerce and industry and in other areas identified to be vital to the country's development; and

(i) Government financial institutions, except the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP), shall, any provision in their respective charters to the contrary notwithstanding,
provide preferential financial packages for climate change-related projects. In consultation with the BSP, they shall, within thirty (30) days from the effectivity of this
Act, issue and promulgate the implementing guidelines therefor."

Section 16. Coordination with Various Sectors. – In the development and implementation of the National Climate Change Action Plan, and the local action plans, the
Commission shall coordinate with the nongovernment organizations (NGOs), civic organizations, academe, people’s organizations, the private and corporate sectors
and other concerned stakeholder groups.

A. National Climate Change Action Plan

Monitoring and evaluation are important aspects of the NCCAP. These will be led by the Climate Change Commission aimed at learning from the activities
– what were done and how they were done – by focusing on efficiency, effectiveness and impact. While the NCCAP is set for long term, the strategies and plans are
not totally fixed. If they are not working, or if the circumstances change, then NCCAP will need to change as well. Monitoring and evaluation informs government
decision makers when plans are not working, and when circumstances have changed; therefore, they provide information needed to make decisions about changes
that are necessary in the plan or in the implementation mechanisms.
Since monitoring and evaluation are based on the targets and planned activities during the various phases in the implementation of the action plan,
setting the appropriate key performance indicators and targets are crucial. While indicators at the program level are identified at the start, ecotown performance
indicators will need to be set together with local government units and other stakeholders.
For monitoring to be effective, NCCAP will need to set up systems of:
• collecting and recording the information;
• analyzing the information; and
• using information to inform decision makers.
NCCAP monitoring is set annually and evaluation every three years. Annual monitoring provides information that sets directions in setting priorities and
budgets every year. Evaluation will focus on efficiency, effectiveness and impacts.

B. Local Climate Change Action Plan

Strategies and programs should be monitored and evaluated to ensure that learning is captured and made available to others. A monitoring and
evaluation system supports the learning process and indicates the progress towards meeting the goals of adaptation. It shall also address impacts of climate change
as well as direct and indirect costs and benefits of adaptation actions. Monitoring and evaluation system shall be developed before implementation of such
adaptation options. Existing indicator systems can provide support in the establishment of monitoring and evaluation schemes for adaptation.


Executive Order No. 174 – The Philippine Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management and Reporting System

“Institutionalize the GHG inventory management and reporting system in relevant government agencies to enable the country to transition towards a climate-
resilient pathway for sustainable development.”

The Climate Change Commission shall be the overall lead in the implementation of this Order. It shall be responsible for the following:

a) Provide direction and guidance in the accounting and reporting of GHG emissions from identified key source sectors in order to develop and maintain centralized,
comprehensive, and integrated data on GHGs;
b) Develop a system for the archiving, reporting, monitoring, and evaluating GHG inventories in all key sectors; and
c) Provide and facilitate continuous capacity building initiatives in the conduct of GHG inventories to ensure application of updated methodologies.

Climate Change Commission Administrative Order No. 01-1 – Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act 9729

RULE V. SECTION 1. Climate Change Office. — The Climate Change Office created by the Climate Act to assist the Commission shall be headed by the Vice
Chairperson of the Commission who shall act as the Executive Director of the Office. The Commission shall have the authority to determine the number
of staff and create corresponding positions necessary to facilitate the proper implementation of the Act, subject to civil service laws, rules and

RULE VI. SECTION 2. Powers related to Policy Review and Evaluation. —

(a) The Commission shall coordinate with local government units (LGUs) and private entities to address vulnerability to climate change impacts of
regions, provinces, cities and municipalities.
(b) It shall also encourage business, public and private sector compliance with existing environment, forestry, mining, energy, clean air, solid waste and
land use laws, rules and regulations.
(c) The Commission shall conduct rapid assessment on the impact of climate change to the Philippine setting, especially on the most vulnerable
sectors/areas, like water, agriculture, coastal areas, as well as on the terrestrial and marine ecosystems, among others.
(d) It shall gather and analyse data from various government agencies and other institutions to ensure that the policies developed and adopted by the
Commission, including the National Framework Strategy on Climate Change, is complied with.
(e) The Commission may call on government agencies and private institutions to collect and acquire accurate information needed for policy directions
on climate change.

Other Implementing Orders:


Sustainable Coral Reef Ecosystems Management Program (SCREMP) aims to:
1. Implement sustainable management of coastal and marine resources through resource and habitat conservation, protection and
2. Contribute to food security and improve human well-being of the coastal communities;
3. Promote public awareness, and instil social and environmental consciousness on the value of coral reefs and associated coastal and
marine ecosystems, especially on mitigating the effects of climate change;
4. Enhance the formation of positive values among the youth and other partners through shared responsibilities in sustainable management
of coastal and marine resources and habitats; and
5. Develop sustainable financing mechanisms through the establishment of system of payment for ecosystem services.

Implemented in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) nationwide, within locally-managed
Marine Protected Areas (LMMPAs), and identified marine Key Biodiversity Areas (MKBAs) with potential for establishment as MPAs.

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 57: National Coast Watch System

Spearheaded by the National Coast Watch Council central inter-agency body which shall be in charge of formulating strategic direction and policy
guidance for the NCWS. The Council shall further have the following powers and functions:
a. Provide strategic direction and policy guidelines for NCWS maritime security operations, and multinational and cross-border cooperation
on maritime security;
b. Conduct periodic review of maritime security operations and render periodic reports to the President and the National Security Council
c. Recommend to the President policies and procedures in managing and securing the country's maritime domain, as well as the issuance
of administrative rules and regulations to enhance maritime security in the Philippines;
d. Harmonize capability plans and fund requirements relative to maritime security missions;
e. Harmonize and coordinate the roles and relationships of different government agencies, pursuant to their mandates, relative to the
policy direction of maritime security and governance framework as may be determined by the Council;
f. Convene or dissolve, as the need arises, inter-agency committees and/or working groups to assist the Council in the performance of its
g. Exercise overall jurisdiction and direction over policy-formulation, implementation and coordination with other government agencies,
experts and organizations, both foreign and local, on all maritime issues affecting the country;
h. Enlist and/or require the support and/or assistance of any department, bureau or agency of the government in the pursuit of its
mandates and functions;
i. Promulgate rules and regulations as may be necessary for the Council to perform its mandate under this Executive Order; and
j. Perform such other functions as may be deemed necessary by the Chairperson for the effective discharge of its mandate or as may be
directed by the President.

DENR Administrative Order No. 001-08: Task Force Kalikasan

The Task Force shall be responsible for the enforcement of all environmental laws, whose responsibility is vested in the Department, including,
among others:
a. Presidential Decree No. 1586 — Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System.
b. Presidential Decree No. 705 — Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines.
c. Republic Act No. 6969 — Toxic and Hazardous Substances and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990.
d. Republic Act No. 7586 — National Integrated Protected Area Systems Act of 1992.
e. Republic Act No. 7942 — Philippine Mining Act of 1995.
f. Republic Act No. 8749 — Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999.
g. Republic Act No. 9003 — Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000.
h. Republic Act No. 9275 — Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004.
i. Republic Act No. 9175 — Chain Saw Act of 2005.
j. Republic Act No. 9147 — Wildlife Act
k. Provisions of other laws dealing with the protection of the environment and natural resources, including relevant international
commitments of the Philippines and the Department.