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35 (de) vizualizări5 paginiResultant and Equilibrant forces

Nov 11, 2018

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Resultant and Equilibrant forces

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35 (de) vizualizări

Resultant and Equilibrant forces

© All Rights Reserved

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Demi Louise Go, Vheverli Whendel Go, Marc Lennard Ip, Daphne Sophia Javellana, Heather

Allison Lao, Ryan Christopher Laranang

College of Science, University of Santo Tomas

España, Manila Philippines

determined by the parallelogram law of

The purpose of doing this vectors. The equilibrant of two or more

Experiment is to lead-in into Force,

forces is that unrelated force so that you can

specifically into Resultant and Equilibrium balance all of the different forces taken

for which are vector quantity. In this collectively. It's far identical in importance

Experiment the force table is used to but contrary in direction to the resultant

demonstrate the interactions of Force. The pressure.

Method of this experiment the gold circular

ring is pulled by three strings with an 2. Theory

balanced weight of 100g each string and

must remain in the center of the Force table This experiment is primarily about

assuming its in the Equilibrium state. The forces. A force is a type of vector quantity

student uses the analytical and graphical which contains a magnitude and direction.

There are several ways possible in obtaining

method to determined the resultant of

the sum of forces. When adding two or more

several forces. forces, the Graphical or Analytical method

may be utilised. The Graphical method may

1. Introduction be subdivided into two methods namely; the

Triangle Method of Addition or the

On this lab, we are going to use the Parallelogram Method of Addition and the

first law of equilibrium forces which will Polygon Method. The Parallelogram Method

examine the approach of vector portions. A is used when adding two forces graphically

good way to do this, we should understand while the Polygon Method on the other hand

may be used in getting the sum of three or

step one to measure the validity of this

more forces. By using the Graphical method,

regulation is to feature the vectors all of the we are acquiring the resultant (R) of these

forces performing on the desk bound item, forces.

after which recognise the amount of the

consequent pressure differs from the The Analytical method is employed

anticipated value of pressure. the ensuing in order to determine the vertical and

force is that unrelated force which appearing horizontal component vectors and the

magnitude and direction of a resultant

alone could have the equal impact in vector. It focuses on applying geometry and

magnitude and course as two or more forces simple trigonometry instead of rulers and

protractors. The Equilibrant of a force may pulleys to weight holders. The direction of

also be acquired since it has the same each force is read on the circular scale of the

magnitude but is in the opposite direction. force table. Second, the group used the 3

forces that acted at different angles. Then

The following formulas listed below

are utilised in the experiment: designated the resultant Fa of the two forces

F1 and F2, Fb for resultant of F2 and F3,

a. Resultant of two forces for Graphical and Fc for the resultant of F3 and F1. Next,

method computed for the magnitudes of the

R = F1 + F2 following. Then extend each resultant into

opposite direction. Using all three forces,

b. Horizontal component determine if they are in equilibrium by

(Fx-component) checking if their resultant is zero. By using

component method, compute for the

resultant of the three forces. In the last step,

c. Vertical the group used graphical method to compute

component (Fy-component) for the resultant of the three forces and

different methods like polygon and

analytical method and calculated the

d. Pythagorean theorem percentage error.

e. Direction

3. Methodology

equilibrant, we used the force table, weights,

weight hangers, protractor and ruler. First,

the group mounted the force table such that

its surface is horizontal. As the ring served

as the object on which the forces acted upon.

A pin within the ring prevented the motion

of the ring before the equilibrium is

established. Forces are applied by strings

that start from the ring and passed over the

F3 0.98 N 60°Q3 -0.49 -0,85

0.76 52.98°

F3 0.98 N 60°Q3 -0.49 -0.85

able to calculate the equilibrant forces as

well as the resultant forces of F1, F2, and F3

which were placed on a ring with weights

applied. When the three forces were at

equilibrium, one of them would be the

4. Results and Discussion equilibrant force. The two other forces

would then have the same magnitude with

Table 1 illustrates the values of x and the equilibrant forces but in an opposite

direction resulting to a different quadrant.

y of F1 with F2, F2 with F3, and F1 with F3

using the component method. It also shows 5. Conclusion

the resultant theorem obtained by the

Pythagorean theorem. Table 2 illustrates the Resultant is the force that causes the

experimental equilibrant, experimental movement or displacement of a body, while

resultant and computed resultant of the an equilibrant is the force that cancels out

forces. The results have been gathered and the resultant forces, keeping the body at rest.

Using the force table setup with three strings

shown through the graphs. that has weights tied at its ends attached

around a ring stabilized at the center of the

Table 1. Resultant Forces table, the researchers obtained a specific

Magnitude Direction x y R θ magnitude of 0.98N for Forces 1, 2 and 3

with directions of 14° angle in Quadrant I,

F1 0.98 N 14°,Q1 0.95 0.24

1.04 72.09°

50° angle in Quadrant II and 60° angle in

F2 0.98 N 50°Q2 -0.63 0.75 Quadrant III, respectively. The experimental

equilibrants are then determined as having

F2 0.98 N 50°Q2 -0.63 0.75 the same magnitude of 0.98N for all three

1.12 5.10°

forces with F1 having a 14° angle in

Quadrant I, F2 a 50° angle in Quadrant II force or which brings the system and the

and F3 a 60° angle in Quadrant III. On the body to equilibrium. It keeps the body at rest

other hand, the experimental resultants still (i.e. in equilibrium); The set of forces which

has 0.98N magnitude with F1, a 14° angle in keeps the body at rest is known as

Quadrant III; F2, a 50° angle in Quadrant IV equilibrium forces or components of

and F3, a 60° angle in Quadrant I. equilibrant.

researchers determined the resultant forces equilibrium, what is the relation between

and their corresponding directions. The any one of the three forces and the resultant

computed values of magnitude and direction of the other two forces?

are as follows for F1, F2 and F3: 1.12N with

5.10° angle in Quadrant III, 0.76N with The concurrent forces are the

52.98° angle in Quadrant IV and 72.09° in resultant forces of the possible combinations

Quadrant I. of any two forces. Any one that is not added

to the other two will be the equilibrant force.

It can be concluded from the Since the equilibrant force makes the forces

experiment that the experimental and go under the state of equilibrium, the sum of

calculated values of the resultant and the equilibrant force and the resultant force

equilibrant forces are accurate as the values is zero. That means that they have the same

are not far from each other. Any magnitude but different direction.

discrepancies may be due to certain

systematic errors regarding the set-up, such 3) If two forces with the same

as the surface of the objects placed under the magnitude were exactly in opposite

strings of the weights on the force table may directions, what is the magnitude and

not have been smooth or slippery enough, direction of their resultant? What is the

causing the weights to appear balanced magnitude and direction of their equilibrant?

because of friction.

Since the two forces have the same

6. Applications magnitude but opposite directions, they will

just cancel out. The resultant will have a

1) Differentiate the resultant and magnitude of 0 N and there will be no

equilibrant of two forces. direction. Since the two forces have a

magnitude of 0 N, the equilibrant will also

A resultant force of two forces is a have a magnitude of 0 N and there will be

single force which can produce the same also no direction.

effect on the body as it is produced by all the

forces acting together. It causes the 4) Use the component method to find

displacement of a body (i.e. body moves). the magnitude and direction of the resultant

The sets of forces which causes the of the following forces:

displacement of a body are called as

components of resultant or component A = 2000.0 N at 0˚

forces. On the other hand, an equilibrant of B = 1500.0 N at 60˚

two forces acting on a body is a single force C = 1000.0 N at 150˚

which cancels the effect of the resultant D = 3800.0 N at 225˚

x y

2000 N (cos

2000 N (sin 0˚)

A 0˚)

=0N

= 2000 N

B 60˚) 60˚)

= 750 N = 1299 N

In order to offset the weight of the body,

1000 N (cos 1000 N (sin T 1y must be equal to it.

C 150˚) 150˚)

= − 866 N = 500 N T 1y = 100.0 N

3800 N (cos 3800 N (sin T 1 (sin 60˚) = 100.0 N

D 225˚) 225˚) T 1 = 115.5 N

= − 2687 N = − 2687 N

Since the body is not moving, there is

R − 803 N − 888 N equilibrium between T 2 and T1x.

2 2

T 1x = 115.5 N (cos 60˚)

R=

√( ∑Fx ) ( )+ ∑Fy T 1x = 57.75 N

T 2 = T 1x

T 2 = 57.75 N

R= √(− 803) 2

+ (− 888) 2

7. References

Magnitude of R = 1197.23 N

[1]Barwad, R. (2014, August 16).

∑ Fy

Difference between Resultant and

θ = tan−1 + 180˚

∑ Fx

Equilibrants. Retrieved September 6,

2018, from

https://www.polytechnichub.com/dif

θ = tan−1 ( −888 N

−803 N )

+ 180˚ ference-between-resultant-and-equili

brants/

θ = 47.88˚ + 180˚

Direction of R = 227.88˚

suspended by a rope. A second rope attached

to the body is drawn aside horizontally until

the suspended rope makes an angle of 30˚

with vertical. Find the tension in each rope.

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