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THE NANO WORLD  Scaled-up, reliable, and cost effective

manufacturing of nanoscale materials, structures,

NANOSCALE - an important inter-discipline generated devices, and systems.
by advance science and technology  Research, improvements, and incorporation for
Research and application of knowledge on nano processes for the construction of materials
materials continue to bring widespread implications in
various areas of society - health care, environment, 2 FUNDAMENTAL APPROACHES:
energy, food, water and agriculture 1. BOTTOM-UP FABRICATION- manufactures
NANOTECHNOLOGY - science, engineering, and products by building them up from atomic and molecular
technology conducted at the nanoscale scale components.

The term 'nanotechnology' was used during the 2. TOP-DOWN FABRICATION- trims down large
American term, by Professor Norio Taniguchi's pieces of materials into nanoscale

A NANO METER is a billionth of a meter.

1. Dip Pen Lithography- the tip of an atomic force
1. Electron Microscope microscope is “dipped” into a chemical fluid and
then utilized to “write” on a surface
German Engineers Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll
2. Self-Assembly- It depicts an approach wherein a
 Utilizes a particle beam of electrons to light up a
set of components join together to mold an
specimen and develop a well-magnified image. organized structure in the absence of an outside
1. Scanning Electron Microscope direction.

2. Transmission Electron Microscope 3. Chemical Vapor Deposition- a procedure

wherein chemical act in response to form very
2. Atomic Force Microscope pure, high-performance films
Gerd Binig, Calvin Quate and Christoph Gerber 4. Nanoimprint Lithography- a method of
generation nanoscale attributes by "stamping" or
 Makes use of a mechanical probe that gathers
"printing" them onto surface.
information from the surface of a material.
3. Scanning Tunneling Microscope 5. Molecular Beam Epitaxy- one manner for
depositing extremely controlled thin films.
Gerd Binig and Heinrich Rohrer
6. Roll-to-roll Processing- a high volume practice
 Enables scientists to view and manipulate for constructing nanoscale devices in a roll
nanoscale particles, atoms and small molecules. ultrathin plastic or metal.
7. Atomic Layer Epitaxy- a means for laying down
DISTINCT FEATURES OF NANOSCALE one-atom-thick layers on a surface.
1. Scale at which much Biology occurs
DNA – Serves as the genetic material of the cell and is BENEFITS AND CONCERNS OF USING
only about 2 nanometers in diameter. NANOTECHNOLOGY
Hemoglobin – Transports oxygen to the tissues CONCERNS OF USING NANOTECHNOLOGY
throughout the body and is 5.5 nanometers in diameter.
1. Nanotechnology is not a single technology; it
Bio – barcode Assay – fairly inexpensive approach for can be pervasive.
identification of specific disease markets in the blood
despite their small number in a particular specimen. 2. Nanotechnology seeks to develop new materials
with specific property.
2. Scale at which quantum effects dominate
properties of materials 3. Nanotechnology may introduce new efficiencies
and paradigms, making some natural resources
Particles with dimensions of 1-100 nanometers – Have and current practices uncompetitive or obsolete.
properties that are significantly discrete from particles of
bigger dimensions. 4. It may be complicated to detect its presence
unless one has the specialist tools of
Quantum effects – Direct the behavior and properties in nanotechnology.
size scale.
Nanoscale Gold – Particles are selectively build up in
tumors, where they permit both precise imaging and Benefits
targeted laser destruction of the tumor.
• Improved detection and removal of
3. Nanoscale materials have far larger contaminants
surface areas than similar masses of
larger-scale materials. • Development of benign industrial processes and
• High reactivity and toxicity
• Pervasive distribution in the environment
• No nano-specific EPA regulation  Government initiated research institute with an
emphasis on nanoscience and nanotechnology
Thailand: National Nanotechnology Center
Benefits (NANOTEC)
• Improved medicine  The leading agency on nanotechnology
Concerns development in Thailand.

• Ability to cross cell membranes and translocate 1. Nano-Life and Health Research Unit:
in the body
Research and development goal is to enhance human and
• No FDA approval needed for cosmetics or animal health
2. Nanomaterials and Nanosystems
ECONOMY Engineering Research Unit:
Benefits Achieve improved design, and utilization of
• Better products nanomaterials and nanosystems for energy and
• New Jobs
3. Nano-Agriculture and Environment
Concerns Research Unit:
• Redistribution of wealth Research and development on innovative food,
• Potential cost of cleanups and healthcare agriculture and environment with the application of
nanotechnology to modify materials, structures and
• Accessibility to all income levels promote environmental sustainability.
4. Functional Nanomaterials and
CONDUCTING RESEARCH ON Research and development on molecular engineering of
responsive materials.
1. Who will benefit from it? Who won’t?
5. Nanometrology and Characterizations
2. For whom and what are your objectives for and Engineering Unit:
developing your product?
Research and development in the field of
3. How will it affect social, economic, and political nanometrology, nano-safety, nanoscale testing services,
relationships? including nano-characterization of nano product
4. What problem is your “product” trying to solve? properties, and engineering prototype development.

5. Who will have access to it? Who will be Korea National Nanotechnology Initiative
excluded?  Main goal is to stand against the top 3 countries
6. Are there dangers involved with its European Nanoelecronics Initiative Advisory Council
development? (e.g., safety, health pollution)
How can you minimize them?  a public-private partnership that targets
7. Who will own it? How can you assure access to
it? Three major government funding agency in India
 Department of Science and Technology
NANOTECHNOLOGY IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES  Department of Scientific and Industrial
Research (DSIR)
Malaysia Nanotechnology Association (MNA)
 Department of Biotechnology (DBT)
Registered as a non-profit association on September
 Seeks to develop nanotechnology for sustainable  NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY
benefit of science, technology, industry and the INITIATIVE (NNI)
economy. Registered as a non-profit association
 US government research and development that
on September 2009.
aims for a future in which the ability to
JAPAN- Nanotechnology Research Institute, under the understand and control matter at the nanoscale
National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and leads to a revolution in technology and industry
Technology (AIST) that benefits society.

 was established on April 1, 2015 with the ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF NNI

mission of substantial contribution to the • ELECTRONICS – Made our devices even
industrial application of nanomaterials smaller and faster
CHINA- National Center for Nanoscience and • ENERGY - improved our traditional fuel
Technology (NCNST) sources and making renewable energy sources
more practical.
• HEALTH – diagnosed diseases far earlier and 3. Nanometrology for ICT and semiconductor
target treatments, increasing the chances for a (nanomaterials and devices with a high degree of
healthy, long life accuracy and reliability)
• MANUFACTURING - manufacturing concerns • Fully operational metrology and FA and
such as scalability, reliability, and cost- materials testing laboratory
effectiveness are being addressed for
nanotechnology-enabled goods. 4. Nanostructured Solar Energy Devices and Storage
(Solar panels)
• MATERIALS – became lighter, stronger, and
more damage-tolerant than traditional materials, • National Solar Cell R&D Testing Facility, new
as well as materials that are flexible and smart design and new methodologies for energy
storage devices, and scaling up processes of
• TOOLS AND TRAINING - resources scientists nanostructured solar and energy storage devices.
need for nanotechnology research and the many
programs designed to prepare people for jobs in NANOCLAY- Commercial name for organoclay used
nanotechnology-related fields. in nanocomposites

Taiwan National Science and Technology Program for PHILIPPINE ATOVI TECHNOLOGY
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  Atovi is a Filipino developed product based on
Education Program: nanotechnology on the level of e-potentials. It is
a feed premix powder made from vitamins and
• Establish interdisciplinary nanoscience & minerals.
technology curricula  It can absorb and utilize all medication,
nutritional inputs, antibiotics, and leaving no
• Enhance basic science knowledge (from high
residues on the cellular level.
 The technology can be administered to
• Promote international collaboration and practically all animals, plants & crops,
personnel exchange aquaculture species & bacteria.
• Recruit talents from abroad including personnel
from mainland China
• Promote academic-industry collaborating
research and personnel exchange
National Research Council of Canada Nanotechnology
Research Centre
• Tungsten Needle- Used for article manipulation,
embryos and glass blowing
Australian Office of Nanotechnology
• Dedicated to substantially enhancing Australia's
research outcomes in this important field
Possible Application of Nanotechnology in the
• ICT and Semi-conductors
• Health and medicine
• Energy
• Food and Agriculture
• Environment

The Philippines’ 5-year Nanotechnology Roadmap

1. Nano-based technologies and materials
• Nano-based technologies/materials for
Environment: Water and Waste Water
Purification, & Nano-based Engineering /
Industrial materials
2. Nanosensors and Nanodiagnostics
• Food (detection of contaminants) , Agriculture
and Forestry (detection of diseases), and health
(Filipino ethnicity-based nanodiagnostics)