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Safety Induction Course


• Set your mobile or walking-talkie to silent mode

• Ask, when in doubt
• Participate when needed
• Be “Here & Now”
• Toilet
• Canteen
• Smoking Area
• Emergency

SIC | 2

• Introduction
• Policy
• Duties and responsibilities to SHE
• In-House rules
• Life Saving Rules
• Zero Tolerance
• Potential Hazards on site
• WSH Information

SIC | 3
A Message from Our CEO

• “..Life Saving Rules has the power to prevent injury and save your life or the life of a
co-worker.. When working with exyte you are expected to follow this set of critical

• “ exyte, we are commited to an Incident Free Workplace. This is a commitment that
starts with me and extends to all exyte employees, partners and supplier
involved with our work..”

• “..respect for life and our environment.. is the foundation of our

Incident Free Workplace program.. read and follow these rules..
Your life or the life of someone else may be saved because you
- Mark Garvey, CEO APAC

SIC | 4

• Identify and prevent

risk & hazards.
• Comply with all rules
and regulations.
• Respect the
environment and

SIC | 5
Your Duties and Responsibilities to SHE

exyte SHE Department

• Communicate the rules to sub-contractors prior working on site.
• Maintain and ensure contractor’s compliance to Life Savings rules on site.
Contractors SHE Coordinator
• Communicate and disseminate Life Saving Rules to workers through daily
toolbox meeting and fortnightly mass SHE talk.
• Explain and enforce the Life Saving Rules on site for respective workers.
Staff and Workers
• Follow all Life Saving Rules and regulations.
• Ask when in doubt.

SIC | 6
In-House Rules

Entry into Site

• No singlet, shorts, open-toed footwear
• Do not rush, push or behave in a disorderly manner at the gates
• Park your vehicles in the designated lots provided. Do not obstruct traffic.

Whilst on Site
• Obey all signs
• Follow PPE requirements
• Fighting, Theft and Drug abuse instances will be referred to the authority.

SIC | 7
SHE Training

Mandatory SHE Training before being allowed to work on site

a) SIC (Site Specific Induction Course)
b) IFW O (Incident Free Workplace Orientation)
c) IFW SSK (Supervisory Skills) for all supervisors
d) SIFAPP (Serious Injury and Fatality Awareness Prevention Programme) – Trade
• Access & Egress, • Loading Platforms
• Cantilever Platforms • Mobile Cranes
• Chemical Spill Containment • Open Edges
• Equipment Loading • Rigging and Slinging
• Excavation • Shoring and Bracing
• ‘Falling Objects • Struck By
• Fire and Hot works • Work at Height
• Lifting and Rigging • Working Platforms

SIC | 8
Life Saving Rule Booklet

SIC | 9
Life Saving Rule Booklet

SIC | 10
Why Use exyte Life Saving Rules?

• Reinforces exyte Project Code of


• Assist in the reduction of incidents

associated with high-risk activities

• Brief statements that reinforce positive

behaviors and actions that will keep you
and your colleagues safe

SIC | 11
Life Saving Rules
The Principles

No work shall be undertaken without implementing these 5 fundamental

requirements for the 10 Life Saving Rules

• No work will proceed without a pre-job risk assessment and a safety discussion
appropriate to that level of risk.

• People will be trained, competent and fit to conduct activity.

• PPE will be worn as detailed in the risk assessment and

conform with minimum site requirements.

• All equipment will be utilized in the manner in which it

was designed.

• Everyone has an obligation to STOP work if it is unsafe.

SIC | 12

SIC | 13
SIC | 14
Fall Prevention

• I only work at height because I am trained to the

required standard.
• I only work at height when there is a work-at-height
supervisor present at work site.
• I always use personal fall protection (fall restriction
or fall arrest).
• I have proper edge and floor penetration protection
in place at all times.
• I only use scaffolding if correctly installed,
inspected and tagged and if required I use a
Professional Engineer to design and inspect.
• I use safety harness tie-off points approved by a
Professional Engineer.
• All access points to my high platforms have
restricted gated access.
SIC | 15
Ladder Safety

• Ensure that the ladder is in good working condition.

• Ensure that the ladder has a valid inspection tag

and colour code.

• Ensure buddy system adopted. 1 man climbed on

the ladder and 1 man holds the ladder firmly.

• Ensure to maintain 3 points contact. 2 hands on the

*stiles, 1 leg on the steps or 1 hand on the stiles
and 2 legs on the steps. (*Vertical ladder = hands on rung)

SIC | 16
Scaffold Safety

Scaffolds can only be erected by qualified scaffold erectors with

immediate supervision
by a registered scaffold supervisor. All scaffold personnel must be

SIC | 17
Full Body Harness
Use full body harness when working at height of 1.8 m or more.
Full body harness is to be of double lanyard with an auto-lock carabiner.

No by pass of the
shock absorber

You must be trained to use full body harness & work at heights and have a permit
to work before starting work at heights.

SIC | 18

SIC | 19
Falling Objects

• I ensure my area is barricaded or I use overhead

protection if people are working above.
• I always keep all people out from under suspended
• I have toe boards at all edges of floors or openings.
• When at height I always work in a way that
prevents any objects dropping.
• Only as an authorized person can I operate cranes
or perform rigging and signaling.
• Certified lifting supervisors are always in
• My crane and lifting equipment is always inspected
by a competent person.

SIC | 20
Falling Objects

1 2 3

Do not stack plywood or light materials. They might be blown off by the wind.
Do not overload.
• Do not leave materials alone. They are to be lifted off immediately

SIC | 21
SIC | 22

SIC | 23
Control of Hazardous Energy

• Before starting work I always check if there is a

hazardous energy source & if it can be completely
• All lock out/tag out is carried out by trained &
competent people only.
• ALL systems are de-energized except for
Energized Electrical Work which always has
appropriately authorized personnel to perform the
• All my PPE is fit for purpose, used as designed
and in good repair.
• To ensure I am safe I remove all conductive items
from me & my work area.
• I always have appropriate safety/rescue
equipment in place.

SIC | 24
Control of Hazardous Energy

• Use industrial sockets with

ELCB only. • When connecting the plug to the DB,
ensure that it is loop on the bar below.
This is to prevent damage to the socket
in the event where the plug is
accidentally pulled.

Neoprene cable
required at site

No PVC cable

SIC | 25
Control of Hazardous Energy

• Do not lay electrical cables on the ground.


Lay electrical cables on stands or by
using insulated hooks. This to ensure the
cables are always 2m above the ground.

SIC | 26
Control of Hazardous Energy


SIC | 27
Control of Hazardous Energy

SIC | 28
SIC | 29

• Before I access an excavation, a qualified person

has designed and inspected the excavation to
ensure it is safe.
• I always use designated entrances and exits in and
out of excavations.
• I ensure rigid barricades at specified set-back
distances are provided around the edge of
excavations to prevent people falling in.
• I make sure spoils are piled far from the edge of
the excavation to prevent debris from falling back
into the excavation.
• Before entering an excavation, I check with my
Supervisor that it is not considered a confined
• I ensure the excavation has been checked for
underground utilities.
SIC | 30

All excavation pits and trenches are to be

inspected daily or whenever after rain by a
designated person. Points to check are:

• Soil Condition

• Shoring Condition

• Access Condition

• Barricade Condition

• Atmospheric Condition

SIC | 31

• Ensure that the sides of excavation pit are

properly shored at least 1.5 metres in depth
before going down to work.

• Proper shoring, access ladder and barricade

are the main essential in excavation works.
Ensure their existing safety features are
present before commencing work.

SIC | 32

SIC | 33
Fit for Work

• I ensure I am not intoxicated with drugs or alcohol

before or while at work.
• I do not work too many hours.
• If I am feeling ill or overly fatigued, I stop work and
notify my Supervisor.

• I ensure smoking is in designated areas.

• I follow doctors’ orders if taking prescription drugs.

• In hot weather, I always stay hydrated.

SIC | 34
Fit for Work

• NO Alcohol and Drugs to be consumed on

site or before the day of work so as to be fit
and fresh for work; bringing in alcohol and
drugs will be ban immediately from site and
also handed over to the applicable
• Any person who is on medication is to
inform their supervisor on the day’s work.
Supervisor is to assess if the person is fit
for work.

SIC | 35
Fit for Work

SIC | 36
SIC | 37

• I always use a seat belt provided when driving,

riding in or operating equipment.
• Every time I drive, I follow all traffic laws and obey
traffic signs.
• I only use my mobile phone while driving if I have
hands-free communications.
• My mobile phone is never used whilst I am
operating heavy equipment.
• When I have a phone call, I stop walking and find
a safe place out of traffic flow to use the phone.
• At all times I follow the instructions of the
• I always follow designated pedestrian routes
through sites/plants.

SIC | 38
The site speed limit is only 20 km/hr.

SIC | 39

SIC | 40
Confined Space

• I always have a permit to enter all confined

• I have all the required certifications and training to
enter confined spaces.
• There is a confined space attendant on duty
outside the confined space at all times.
• I always ensure there is adequate lighting and
• At all times I have a rescue plan with rescue
equipment close by.
• Atmospheric testing is always completed before
entry and during work in the confined space.

SIC | 41
Confined Space

SIC | 42
Confined Space

• Confined Space Assessor shall check

and determine safe condition to enter
and work in confined space

• Confined space are to be ventilated

and gas checked before any work is to


SIC | 43
PPE & Emergency Situations

• I always wear prescribed PPE for site access.

• When necessary I always use specific PPE required for
• I am aware of all emergency exits and do not block or
obstruct access to exits.
• I know my assigned assembly area in the event of an
• I know the location of fire fighting equipment.
• I know the location of emergency showers and eye
• Safety Data Sheets are always available in chemical
storage areas and areas where chemicals are being
• I know the trained first aiders and location of first aid
• I have the emergency contact phone numbers/radio

SIC | 44
PPE & Emergency Situations

Safety Helmet
with Chinstrap
Safety Glasses / Ear plugs
Over glasses

Reflective Vest

Work personnel to be attired with

Hand Gloves a minimum of short sleeve shirt
or tee shirt and long pants or

**Not allowed - Singlet, Shoes
Shorts, Open-toed footwear

SIC | 45
Basic PPE:
Safety Helmet with chin-strip.
Safety helmet used must be of approved type in accordance to ANSI/ISE Z89.1-2014 : Industrial Head

Chin-strap to be used when working at height

Safety Glasses
Safety glasses used must be approved type and appropriate for the nature of the job in accordance to
ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2015 Eye and face protection.

Safety Glass to be used at all time when Over-spec to be used by those who wear glasses
entering worksite

SIC | 46
Safety Gloves
Gloves must be of appropriate type for the job to protect hands.

Hand protection gloves to be

worn when performing manual
handling work.

Cut resist hand glove for

cutting/grinding activities

Safety Boots/Shoes
Safety shoes must be of approved type in accordance to SS 513: Safety footwear to protect toes and

Safety Boots to be worn at all time

when entering worksite

SIC | 47
Additional / Task Specific PPEs

• Self-retracting line (SRL)

To be worn for working at height

more than 1.8m

• Full Body Harness

To be worn for working at height

(eg. Scaffold)

• Fall Restraint

For restraining workers away

from falling edges

SIC | 48
Additional / Task Specific PPEs

• Respirator

Used in dusty or hazy environment

• Half-face respirator

Used in enclosed or confined areas when

carrying out chemical or painting works

SIC | 49
Additional / Task Specific PPEs

• Chemical suit
• Chemical gloves
• Chemical Safety Goggle

Latex, vinyl or nitrile material

All these items are used in hazardous chemical environment

where work is to be carried out

SIC | 50
Reflective Vest Requirement

Different Colours of vest

General workers Yellow with reflective strips

exyte Personnel Yellow with reflective strips
Banksman Red with reflective strips
Micron Personnel Blue with reflective strips
IFW Champions Blue / White with reflective
Safety Personnel Yellow & Blue with reflective

SIC | 51
PPE & Emergency Situations

• In case of emergency, contact the site

medic and site SHE department
• Only qualified First Aiders are allowed
to render first aid or AED to casualties.
This is to prevent complication to the

SIC | 52
Emergency Evacuation Procedure

•Don’t Panic

•Stop Work & Switch-OFF Equipment / Machine

•Follow The Fire Warden’s Instruction

•Go To Assembly Area

•Conduct Head Count

•Do Not Leave Until All Clear Instruction Is Given

SIC | 53
Worker’s Area, Canteen and
SHE Training Complex



Contractor Village,
GP 4 Pre Cast Area &
Steel Fabrication Yard

and Site Office

GP 6 GP 7
Contractor’s Site Office
Parking Area Main Entrance
SIC | 54
Emergency Fire Point

First aid room

with paramedics

SIC | 55
Security requirement

1. To ensure all personnel entering site MUST display their Security Passes at
all times for verification purpose.
2. Contractors are to parked their vehicles at designated parking lots.
3. To ensure that personnel bring out items from site office produce the
Entry/Exit Permit Form and signed by authorized Exyte individuals.
4. No individual(s) are allowed to walk in or walk out via GP 4 and GP 5 at all
times except Non PPE zone. (Strictly no human traffic allows)
5. Smoking shall only be allowed at designated area. (No smoking at car park
6. Contractors / Workers are not allowed to stay in worksite after their work
7. Exyte will not be held liable for anything missing or lost incurred by
contractors / workers.

SIC | 56
Incident Reporting Protocol


Report to Project Manager /

Construction Manager / EHS

Non Critical Injury Critical / Serious Injury

Send to First Aid room for

exyte Emergency Contact Number

SHE Hotline: - 9851 6542

ISOS Medical Hotline: - 9189 2194
First Aider to Project Manager / Construction
attend to Injured Manager / EHS to call ambulance
Person, and Yes
assess if further
treatment is
Injured Person’s Supervisor to
send the Injured Person to
appointed clinic / hospital

Personnel accompanying the

No Injured Person to update EHS
Department hourly, otherwise
Record & case close sooner
(should the situation change)

Project Manager / Construction

Manager / EHS to conduct
preliminary investigation, and EHS
to log an Initial Incident
Notification on the Global EHS

SIC | 57
Permit to Work

• I do not use a permit to work until all necessary

approvals are obtained.
• Before my team and I start work, the Job Safety
Assessment is reviewed, understood and signed
off by all my team.
• My work area has an area assessment which was
conducted by a competent person.
• I have all the required training & authorization to
perform my job.
• In my work area all permit paperwork is
prominently displayed.
• I always follow the Risk Assessment and Job
Safety Assessment control measures.

SIC | 58
Permit To Work System




SIC | 59
Risk Impact Assessment and Work Procedure

Intention to Work Method Statement, Risk-Assessment Permit to Work Application

& Safe Work Procedure Review in a
group (CM, Engineer, SHE)

Pre Start Talk at Job Safety Analysis Assessment of Work Area by

work location (with (by Task Supervisor) SHE and Task Supervisor
group of workers)

Commencement of Daily JSA audit and

Closure of Permit
work (full supervision) Monitoring by Sub Con
SHE and exyte SHE

SIC | 60

SIC | 61

• I use barricade tape to draw attention to any

hazardous condition.
• I always use rigid barricading to physically
prevent people from entering hazardous
• I never cross/go through or modify a safety
• When all the hazards are removed, I remove
the safety barricading.
• I always use barricades to warn others not to
• I provide an alternative access route when
barricading off an area.

SIC | 62

• Do not used red and white tape,

cables, timbers or ropes as barricades
where it involved height and openings.

• Galvanize tubular hard barricade shall
be provided.

SIC | 63

Open edge barricades using

GI pipes-Top rail, mid rail,
toe board, netting, warning sign

SIC | 64

• Do not leave open holes unprotected. Report to

your supervisor immediately to have it covered.
Signage to be provided on the opening covers to
identify floor covers

SIC  | 65
Zero tolerance policy

SIC | 67
Consequences of breaching the rules

Rule All rule- If the rule For employees

violators breaking violator acted of contractors
expose cases will be intentionally, or sub-
themselves investigated the maximum contractors,
or others to thoroughly. appropriate this can include
a higher disciplinary removal from
risk of action will be site and
injury or applied. disqualification
fatality. from future
Company work.

SIC | 68
Hot Works & Fire Prevention

All Hot works must be

accompany with:

• Hot Work Permit

• Fire Fighting Equipment
• Fire Blanket
• Fire Watch man

SIC | 69
Manual Handling

• Recommended: max 25kg.

• Adopt correct posture.

• Buddy system for abnormal

or heavy load.

• Use equipment for loads

which are above the
recommended weight.

SIC | 70
Plants, Tools and Machinery

All equipment and tools to be colour coded

after their monthly inspection and checks.
SIC | 71
Plants, Tools and Machinery

Pressure Gauge Chuck Key 2 Ear clip

2 nos. of

2-Ear clip
Flashback Arrestor
2 Ear clip
SIC | 72
Hazardous Materials & Chemical Awareness

• When dealing with chemicals ensure that

you are fully protected. Do not touch
chemicals with your bare hands.
• Approved chemicals hand gloves shall
be worn.

Always have the SDS available with

you when working with chemical.
Display it at a prominent place.
• Declare all chemicals to the security
with the relevant documentations.

SIC | 73
Hazardous Materials & Chemical Awareness

• Check the SDS to understand

the nature of the hazards and
wear the correct type of PPE.

• Proper PPE such as safety

face shield, apron and the

appropriate hand gloves
should be used when handling
corrosive liquids.

• Permit is required for any

hazardous materials coming
in to site.

SIC | 74

SIC | 75
Prohibition Signs

SIC | 76
Warning Signs

SIC | 77

• Good housekeeping is to be maintained at all

• Clean oil spill immediately.
• Use drip tray for all equipment and machinery.
• Stack up materials properly.
• Obstructions to staircases and access ways
are to be cleared.

• Slip & Trip, Fire, Falling Objects

SIC | 78

Sub-contractors are not allowed to store their materials as and where they like. They to
seek approval in writing with respective exyte departments on the proper storage area.
The following points to be comply with:
• Materials to be stacked properly
• Materials to be stacked at least 150 mm above ground level

• Floor at the storage area shall be protected.
• Area to be cordoned off
• Signs to be displayed with ownership
• No excessive inventory storage
• Fire extinguisher shall be placed.
• Maintain good housekeeping

SIC | 79
Waste Segregation

Type of Waste Bin Location

Food Waste Bin Canteen

Paper Waste Bin Office Area

Timber Waste Bin Construction Site

Hardcore Waste Bin Construction Site

General Waste Bin Construction Site

SIC | 80

Office Area
• Do not waste paper. Reuse, Reduce and Recycle where possible.
• Print only when necessary to reduce paper wastage.
• Do not leave food containers unattended overnight.
• Do not leave spills at the pantry area. Clean up immediately.

Construction Work Area

• Do not dispose of food waste in the construction site. All food to be consumed only at
the canteen area and disposed in the specified bin.
• Turn off vehicle engines and machineries when not in use.
• Provide drip trays where needed.
• Do not dump waste onto the drains which will block water flow.
• Strictly no burning of waste is allowed.

SIC | 81
Biometric Access


Change to the
Proceed to the
other Scan failed
registered again.
Initial scan finger.
Clean the
Scan finger on surface area of Scan cleared.
the finger print the finger .
Proceed to
Initial scan
enter via the

SIC | 82
Biometric Access


Change to the
Scan failed
other registered Inform Security.
Initial scan
Clean the
Scan finger on surface area of Scan cleared.
the finger print the finger . After exit,
reader. proceed to
Biometric room.
Initial scan Proceed to exit
cleared. via the turnstile.

SIC | 83
Heat Stress

 Excessive sweating/moist cool skin
 Headache/irritability
 Nausea/vomiting
 Tired, weak and dizzy
 Muscle cramps
 Rapid pulse

SIC | 84
Lightning Protection System

SIC | 85
Lightning Protection System

Maintain 3m clearance from mast holding Lightning Arrestor during Cat 1

SIC | 86


SIC | 87
Your Safety Rights

You have the rights to refuse to do the unsafe work and report to any of the exyte staff if
you are

• Required to work in an unsafe environment(e.g. Scaffolding that is unsafe)

• Not given the proper training/ briefing to do the work safely.
• Not given adequate and proper equipment (including PPE) to do the work.

SIC | 88


SIC | 89
Find cover and stay out of sight.
Place heavy objects such as tables behind doors
to prevent access by attackers.
Move away from doors.
Be very quiet and switch your phone to silent

SIC | 90
SIC | 91

SIC | 92
SIC | 93
SIC | 94
Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

SO1B 21st April 2018 First Aid - Slip, Trip & Fall

Rigger was rigging rebar at the back of a delivery trailer and lost his footing resulting in a slip that
What Happened :
caused the IP to grab onto the rebar to steady himself resulting in abrasion to the IP’s forearm.

• Improper work planning

Contributing Factor : • Failure to use ladder as safe access.
• Poor planning on rigging and unloading of materials.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Delivery materials are to be pre-rigged and

personnel shall not be allowed to climb onto
the trailer bed.
• Rigging has to be carried out from the ground.
• Delivery schedules are to be coordinated with
site staff in advance.
• Revised the RA to include this activity and
communicated to the site team.

Title or Filename Date | 95

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:
Washing Bay – Micron Guard House 2 27th April 2018 Near Miss

A truck carrying the parts of crane was mobilized to site and whilst taking three point turn at Gate 6, a
What Happened : winch assembly stored behind, near the cabin moved towards the right side board resulting in the trailer
tilting to one side.

• The winch cable drum was not secured or lashed down.

Contributing Factor : • Transportation expectations are not complied with.
• Delivery was made through a wrong gate.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Unsecured materials are not to be allowed into the

• Securities to be informed to stop accepting
deliveries for FAB 10A via Gate 6.
• Access gate with identification communicated to the
contractor for all future deliveries.
• Contractors to be advised to send all future
deliveries to be done via Gate 4 & 5. Any changes to
this shall be approved by exyte Management.

Title or Filename Date | 96

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:
Area 10A North GL FK-7 BP2-330 11 May 2018 MTC- Struck against object

Excavator catches metal road plate IP is standing on and he falls backwards hitting his head
What Happened :
resulting in small cut and 1 stitch.

• IP was standing on the same steel plate behind the excavator while it was travelling.
• The excavator travelling on the steel plates parallel and at an angle to the excavator tracks
Contributing Factor :
• IP was on the blind spot of excavator operator

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Good conditioned steel plates are to be placed

perpendicular to the tracks of excavators.
• All banksman shall attend banksman training
conducted by exyte
• RA to be reviewed, include the steel plate
getting caught between the tracks and track’s
roller/shoe of the excavator

Title or Filename Date | 97

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

BP2-455 (GL F21-FE) 12th May 2018 MTC- Caught in between Object

A contractor worker was assisting a truck driver by operating the concrete truck’s chute. During the
What Happened :
operation, his finger was caught in pinch point resulting in loss of top of ring finger nail and skin.

• Lack of knowledge or skill

Contributing Factor :
• IP was not trained on handling the discharge chute of the concrete truck

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Only the concrete truck drivers shall handle the

chute operations.
• Site Supervisors shall ensure that there is no
unauthorized operation by site personnel.
• Concrete suppliers are to be informed to
instruct all their drivers on this issue.

Title or Filename Date | 98

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

230 KV Duct Bank work – Valve 17-18 14th May 2018 Property Damage

Whilst undertaking a trial pit excavation, the subcontractor made contact with a ductile iron, later
What Happened :
identified as a fire hydrant line. Damage was repaired and work continued.

• Failure to wait for instruction prior to start work.

• Failed to adopt approved method and equipment to perform trial pit to identify the underground
Contributing Factor : services.
• Lack of knowledge or skill

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• UG services are to be identified and

documented before commencing the
excavation works.
• All underground services must be demarcated
with signage displayed for visibility at GL.

• Excavation works are to be carried out

manually, if there is a presence of UG services

Title or Filename Date | 99

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Pre-Cast Yard 17-May-2018 Incident

• A Pre cast column’s mould (empty) gave way at the lifting point and dropped approximately half a
What Happened :
metre, during lifting.

• No coordination between end user and supplier

• Not using the correct wire sling for lifting of the column mold.
Contributing Factor :
• There is no detail lifting plan.
• Column mould lifting eye is not designed and it was home made.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• All the temporary lifting points are to be

designed by a PE.
• Lifting hooks are to be used in the correct
direction of loading for which it is being
designed for.

Title or Filename Date | 100

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

BP3-79 2 Jun 2018 First Aid

A wooden wedge bounced away from a truck tyre and injured a worker on his left hand thumb,
What Happened : after the rear wheel of the truck came in to contact at the edge of wedge. The injured person was
standing nearer on the Tremie platform for concrete casting works.

• The wooden choker used was placed with a protrusion along the casting access where there is a
Contributing Factor :
movement of trucks.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Casting access / drive ways are to be kept free

from materials.
• Briefing to be conducted to Concreting team on
the provision and placement/removal of the
choke for all their trucks and not to leave them
on the access.
• Supervisor to advice workers to clear any metal
/wooden objects from vehicle access during
PST and JSA.

Title or Filename Date | 101

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

230KV Substation 4 Jun 2018 Illness due to fumes

What Happened : Workers felt a ‘Chlorine-like’ smell and burning sensation on their eyes

• Gas-Dust-Fumes
Contributing Factor :
• Situation awareness

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• To identify locations where there is a

potential for release of gases / fumes
and include such hazards during the
preparation of RA and before
commencing the work.
• All workers shall be advised to stop
work and move out immediately to a
safer distance whenever there is a
change of atmospheric conditions in the
work area.

Title or Filename Date | 102

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Zone 6 – FJ/F26 19 Jun 2018 First Aid – Slip, Trip & Fall
IP stepped on the water proofing membrane which was slightly wet (due to earlier rain) and his
What Happened : left foot slipped and landed with his right knee which hit to the concrete ground. He sustained a
slight abrasion on his right knee.

• Noncompliance with procedure.

Contributing Factor : • Lack of situation awareness
• Unsafe behavior of worker to take shortcut when designated access way is available.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Supervisor and SHE personnel to foresee

the changes in the location of access way
as the site is dynamic.
• Provide safe access way and monitor
workers closely.
• Workers shall be briefed on the importance
of using access way during PST and JSA.

Title or Filename Date | 103

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Zone 1 – Grid 22 21 Jun 2018 First Aid – Slip, Trip & Fall

What Happened : IP slipped while hanging on to the system formwork in kneeling position.

• Surface gradient / condition

Contributing Factor :
• Access and egress provided was less than adequate.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Ensure adequate and safe access and

egress provided at the task location.

• Use mechanical aid/machinery for

transferring materials to minimize
manual handling.

Title or Filename Date | 104

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Cub A1 (West Side) 28 Jun 2018 MTC - Pinch Point

IP was pulling the pipe barricade out because the rebars from pile cage were protruding out and one of
What Happened : the rebar from the cage was resting on the barricade itself. After pulling the barricade, IP felt pain on
this right hand. IP removed his hand gloves and saw blood on his middle finger from his right hand.

• Unsafe positioning – placing of hand • Lack of situation Awareness

Contributing Factor : • Lack of Job planning.
• Carelessness

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• There shall be space allowance between the

barricade and the rebar cage at the storage

• All protruding rebars are to be capped at all


Title or Filename Date | 105

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Cup A1 4 July 2018 LTI - Pinch point

A 20’ container was lifted to its final position. The IP was adjusting the concrete cube of
(150X150X150)mm as a support for the container to sit. The rigger was holding on to the
What Happened :
tagline and the signalman was standing on the opposite side which was not visible to the
operator. Suddenly, the load was lowered down without any signal given by Signalman.
• Finger was in kept LOF during adjustment of cube
• Situation awareness was less than adequate.
• Hazard was not identified by the team.
Contributing Factor : • Container was lowered without information or warning

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention : • Lack of knowledge or skill

• Advised to use short RC columns / piles

(150X150X150) / slabs as support for container
instead of concrete cubes.
• Pinch points & LOF are to be included in PST
and JSA
• Use of walkie – Talkie for signaling rather than
giving hand signals.
• Clearly distinguish signalman from rigger by
changing signalman’s helmet to “Green”colour

Title or Filename Date | 106

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Zone 6 4 July 2018 First Aid - Struck against object

While connecting a power plug, the cable created a pulling force on the tower light to which the cable
What Happened : was supported. As a result, the tower light fell down, struck IP’s head and slipped down on the upper
shoulder as he was wearing helmet.

• Person who connected the power plug did not check existing surrounding.
Contributing Factor : • Tower pole light was neither secured nor provided with a counter weight to prevent it from toppling.
• Lack of Knowledge on Hazards.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• All self-fabricated equipment are to be

inspected and approved by exyte SHE Dept.
• Supervisors are to attend JSA training
conducted by exyte
• RA to be revised to include the surrounding
hazards such as unsecured members and
falling objects.

Title or Filename Date | 107

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

CUP A1 West Side 8 July 2018 Property Damage -Damaged cable

While driving a steel pile, it was in contact with a temporary water pipe line serving the
What Happened :
washing bay and it got damaged.

• Failure to explain / briefing to the workforce about the underground services.

• Marking for the sheet piling was too close the existing pipe.
Contributing Factor :
• Driving the steel plate continuously while obstruction was experienced.
• Banks man not aware of the purpose of the marking point.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Supervisor to ensure banksman is fully aware

of the existing underground services.
• Marking of sheet pile locations are to be away
from the existing services, at least 1m.

Title or Filename Date | 108

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Fab - East 9 July 2018 First Aid- Struck against object

A tipper truck tyre cling against the barricade’s outrigger projection causing it to flip vertically
What Happened :
and landed on a near by worker. He was hit by the falling barricade below his left shoulder.

• Driver was driving too close to the barricade

• Workgroup shifting movable barricade to accommodate more space for their own construction
Contributing Factor :
material storage which has led to reduced vehicular access space for movement.(2.5 m was
available for vehicular movement)

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Drivers are to keep a safe distance away

from barricades, a minimum of 1m.
• Workgroup to ensure safe vehicle access /
egress at their assigned work areas are not
compromised when performing any works
or storing any of their construction
• To provide sand bags or cones as a cue for

Title or Filename Date | 109

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Date: Event Type:
Fab Level 2 – FL21-22 / FW1-FW 10 July 2018 Near Miss- Falling Object
Worker placed the metal-plank (toe-board) on top of the concrete kerb in between 2 beams next to the
50mm gap opening. As he was tying the metal plank with the scaffold pipe, the plank shifted and fell to
What Happened : the ground through the gap. It landed 2m away from Registered Technical Officer (RTO) who was
working at level-1.

• Worker assumed that he can manage the work alone.

• No barricade was provided as an exclusion zone below.
Contributing Factor :
• Worker was not informed of the gaps during JSA briefing.
• The 50mm gap was not identified as a hazard.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• To close all potential gaps or openings once

the beam or slab are installed at final location.
• Area supervisors and safety supervisor to
highlight to all workers on potential openings
due to its design.
• Watchman to be standby below for any works
at the edge of building with barrier.
• Buddy system and sufficient manpower when
performing similar task.

Title or Filename Date | 110

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Zone 6 Fab A 13 July 2018 LTI - Slip, Trip and Fall

A co-worker who was walking in the front, stepped on rebar, which caused the rebar to stick out from
What Happened : the ground. The IP who was walking behind the co-worker failed to notice the rebar sticking out, tripped
and fell forward on the concrete slab with his left knee.

• Carelessness and taking short cuts during walking.

Contributing Factor : • Storage area on the slab was neither barricaded nor signage was provided.
• Hazard awareness was less than adequate.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• All Supervisors and SHE supervisors to ensure

that all the temporary storage area are
barricaded and access way are demarcated as
the site is dynamic thus may change from time
to time.
• Workers are to be informed of the designated
access / egress during JSA briefing.

Title or Filename Date | 111

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Zone 6 – Fab A 15 July 2018 Property Damage - Struck by object

Trailer was reversing out with the low-bed moving out first through vehicle entry/exit point of work area,
What Happened : the rear end on the left side of the low-bed came into contact with a barricade provided around
excavated area

• Inadequate number of banksman to manage long vehicles.

Contributing Factor :
• JSA was not detailed, reversing of long vehicles were not captured.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• To include into RA pertaining to ground

condition affecting movement of long vehicle
into site
• to include into RA provision of 2 x banksman
for long vehicle reversing and negotiating turns
within site
• To send banksmen for re-fresher training

Title or Filename Date | 112

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Property Damage -
Cup A1 – Zone C1 18 July 2018
Machinery / equipment failure

What Happened : Bolt from Pulley of Boring rig sheared off and fell.

Contributing Factor : • Due to wear and tear of the bolt

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Training was conducted to workers to report if

machinery having abnormal noise or excessive
vibrations during operations
• To have machinery servicing maintenance to
be measurable in hours instead of monthly
• Machinery with the valid service / repair
records shall be used.

Title or Filename Date | 113

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Cub A1 C2 Area 26 July 2018 First Aid -Heat Exhaustion Dehydration

Around mid afternoon a worker was performing shifting and manual handling of re-bars to his
What Happened : co-workers. As he was feeling tired, he was about to move to the rest area but he could not
move and sat on the rebar. However, he was stable and conscious.
• IP had not been properly acclimatized to work under the hot weather and it is the first day of his
Contributing Factor : • He has been exposed only to indoor projects before moving to this site.
• Hot weather conditions and control measures to ensure workers are hydrated to prevent heat–
related incident are not identified and communicated to the workers through JSA briefing.
Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Systematic water parade regime on a daily

basis to be implemented @ 1000hrs / 1430hrs /
• New workers shall be acclimatized to weather
conditions before allowed to be deployed at
• Localized water points are to be provided
nearer to work area for workforce’s easy

Title or Filename Date | 114

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

TOL Laydown 27 July 2018 Property Damage- Vehicle Incident

A 40’ trailer reversing with pre-cast columns, which were having protruding rebars beyond the trailer
What Happened : bed, knocked on the column of the gate frame support and damaged a portion of hoarding in the TOL

• Trailer was reversing with only one banksman on the right side.
Contributing Factor : • Poor or inadequate communication between driver and the banksman.
• Driver forgot about the protruding rebar which knocked the column on the left side.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Two banksmen are to be deployed for long

trailers to cover on both sides.
• The vehicle movement area to be made
clear before reversing long vehicles.
• Supervisor to be present to advise
banksmen on such restricted locations.

Title or Filename Date | 115

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Gate 5 2 Aug 2018 First Aid - Eye injury due to flying dust

Around 21.30 hours, a Security officer who was duty at the entrance gate-5, felt like some flying dust
What Happened :
went into her eyes. She had red ness and felt light pain on her left eye.

• Appropriate eye protection was not worn while at work and she was wearing normal spectacles.
• IP was working at the entrance where the movement of heavy vehicles is frequent.
Contributing Factor :

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• All Personnel working in dusty environment

shall wear safety glasses, normal spectacles
with an over size glasses or prescriptive safety
glasses, while at work.
• All security personnel to be given briefing on
the hazards they are exposed to.
The reading glasses IP was Safety Glass that was given
wearing during the incident to IP to execute her task.

Title or Filename Date | 116

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Pre Cast Yard 2 Aug 2018 Injury

A Supervisor lost balance while walking on site and supported himself on a GI pipe barricade
What Happened : using his right hand. As he was holding a torch light at that time, his little finger had a cut about
1cm long due to the pinch in between the edge of torch light and GI pipe.
• IP was not wearing gloves while holding the torch and working, doing inspection, on site
• Unlevelled / Uneven ground.
Contributing Factor : • The supervisor was holding the torch in such a way that the finger was on the sharp edge of
the torch light.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• All personnel shall don the basic PPEs

while at work.
• Pay attention while walking, especially
during night work.

Title or Filename Date | 117

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Gate 5 entrance 3 Aug 2018 Incident – Falling of rebar links on the drive way.

A bundle of reinforcement links (44 pieces) weighing 0.818 tonnes dropped from the trailer, as there
What Happened :
was no lashing, while moving inside the site.

• Rebars were not stacked properly with correct stanchion and lashings.
• Driver had removed all strapping belts.
Contributing Factor :
• Hazard recognition and perception was less than adequate.
• Driver was interested in delivering it urgently by saving time as much as possible.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Deployment of banksman to check on proper

securing of materials outside the gate prior to
entering site.
• Materials shall be pre-rigged before entering
into the site.
• No person shall climb over the trailer bed for
rigging the rebars.

Title or Filename Date | 118

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Cup A1 Zone C1 & C2 8 Aug 2018 Incident

A hydraulic hose was burst near the top of mast while the rig was in operation. The hydraulic oil
splashed around and over the engine cover which generated some smoke over the engine cover. The
What Happened :
operator switched off the machine and used an extinguisher to prevent the smoke from spreading
further and reported the incident.

Contributing Factor : • Hydraulic hose rubbing with other parts of machine or other hydraulic hoses.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• To follow the manufacturer specifications in

terms of inspection/ maintenance per usage
cycle for hydraulic hose.

• Contractors to follow up on manufacturer

recommendations for all parts of the boring rig /

Title or Filename Date | 119

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Zone 4 Pile Test Area 10 Aug 2018 Incident

A bundle of Polymer pipes (6metres long & 100mm diameter) were lifted by crane from one place to
What Happened : another. While derigging the sling, few pipes rolled over the right foot of the worker which caused
swelling on the foot.

• Worker took his position along line of fire.

Contributing Factor : • The pipes were not secured before lifting.
• Hazard identification was less than adequate.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

A piece of pipe rolled over
rigger/signalman right foot as
bundle of pipes placed on the
• All pipes shall be secured with GI wires / steel ground (Note: Affected
rigger/signalman was wearing steel-
straps prior to lifting. toe yellow boots while executing
• Chocks to be inserted to polymer pipes immediately task)
when lifted down to prevent rolling over during
• JSA to include on positioning away from the “line of
fire” during all lifting up and down of materials.

Title or Filename Date | 120

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

CUB A2 11 Aug 2018 Near Miss

A trailer with rebar loads knocked against a walkway barricade, while connecting the prime mover.
What Happened : During shunting, the trailer moved back about 1m before getting into contact with the pedestrian

• Trailer entered into site without any banksman.

Contributing Factor : • Trailer driver did not communicate with the in-charge supervisor before entering the site.
• Driver failed to check the available space behind the low-bed before reversing.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Security needs to check and verify every

truck that enters into worksite.
• All vehicles must be escorted with
banksman during loading and unloading

Title or Filename Date | 121

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

CUP 1A C1 01 Oct 2018 First-Aid

Crane operator lost his balance and fell while climbing down from his crane cabin. The crane step-
What Happened : ladder that was designed for access and egress broke when the operator was stepping on it. He landed
on the ground and injured his right palm.

• The step ladder broke due to metal fatigue.

Contributing Factor :
• It is not a part of the maintenance checklist.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• To include designated access / egress as

part of the maintenance checks.
• To check for any wear and tear
• Crane operator to be careful when using
the crane step-ladder for climbing up and

Title or Filename Date | 122

Target ZERO and Beyond !
Location Date: Event Type:

Exyte SHE Office 01 Oct 2018 FA / MTC

A general worker filled his plastic jar with extra hot water in order to warm his curry packet which he is
going to put it inside the jar. He was carrying and descending the staircase when the plastic jar began
What Happened :
to distort and hot-water starts to leak from the jar. He uses his other hand to push the distorted jar away
from the staircase to prevent the hot-water from raining down to someone below.

• Worker has no knowledge of the chemical reaction between hot water and plastic.
Contributing Factor :
• Worker did not know how to use the micro-wave that was available at the pantry.

Lesson Learned / Keys to Prevention :

• Worker need to speak-up for something

that he is not sure or understand.

Title or Filename Date | 123


SIC | 127