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PRELIMINARY REPORT OF ROAD DESIGN

1.0 Introduction

A road is route or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise
improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart
and many more, it is route between two destinations which has been either paved or worked
on to enable transportation. Roads that are available for use by the public may be referred to
as parkways, avenues, freeways, interstates, highways, or primary, secondary, and tertiary
local roads. The major advantage of road transport is that it can enable door-to-door delivery
of goods and materials and can provide a very cost-effective means or cartage, loading and
unloading.

According to manual from structure design or flexible pavement is to provide JKR and
consultants engaged in pavement engineering project in Malaysia with a uniform process of
designing pavement for all classes of traffic. This manual will supersede the existing JKR
pavement design manual (Arahan Teknik Jalan 8/86) which is based on Asphalt Institute and
AASHTO design procedure which have undergone several revision date.

2.0 Proposed road


Based on the project of Rumah Mampu Milik Johor (RMMJ), the roads were design as
flexible pavement with 3.6 neter proposed widt, purposed slope 3% to remove surface
water on the road to the drains when raining. The purposed road design was one way road
because of the smaller area and also uses for the residential around the building area. The
pavements structure design purposed road were using JKR

2.1 Parking

Parking is the act pf stopping and disengaging a vehicle and leaving it unoccupied.
Parking on one or both sides of road is road is often permitted, though sometimes with
restriction. Some buildings have parking facilities for use of the buildings users.
Countries and local goverments have rules for design and use of parking spaces. It
also known as the clear area intended for parking vehicles. Usually, the term refers to
a dedicated area that has been provided with a durable or semi-durable surface. In
most countries where cars are the doiminat mode of transportation, parking lots are a
feature of every city and suburban area. Shoping malls, sport stadium, megachurches
and similar venues often feature parking lots of immense area.

Based on this project the type of parking purposed, the parking is a private
parking which is can be used for owner of home, apartments, business and exclusive
for members only. The type of parking design were perpendicular and parallel parking
which were purposed base on the space of the area. Perpendicular parking is similar to
angle parking, but requires greater care in turning. The perpendicular parking in most
parking lots, which normally provide spaces marked in 90-degree angle to the curb or
abuilding. While for parallel parking, the parking was next to a curb in the space
between two parked cars. The number of parallel parking were 14 and perpendicular
parking were including OKU parking. Parking for bikes also been provided in this
project.