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REPORTED SPEECH

FUNCTION: To give the meaning of what someone else said.


We use SAY when there is no indirect object; and TELL when there is an indirect object.
Pronouns and possessive adjectives change according to the meaning of the sentence.
e.g. “I like your new bike,” said Ian
Ian said that he liked my new bike.

Tenses, modals, and time expressions change as follows.


Direct speech Reported speech Examples
Present simple Past simple Karen said, “I want to buy a new car”
Karen said she wanted to buy a new car.

Present progressive Past progressive Alan told me, “I’m taking a shower”
Alan told me he was taking a shower
Past simple Past perfect simple Lars said, “I saw a bear behind the tree”
Lars said he had seen a bear behind the
tree.
Present perfect simple Past perfect simple Tom told me, “I’ve seen the Loch Ness
Monster.”
Tom told me he had seen the Loch ness
monster.
Present perfect Past perfect Andy said, I have been waiting for an
progressive progressive hour“
Andy said he had been waiting for an
hour.
Will Should/ Would Dan said, “I’ll call you later”
Dan said he would call me later.
Can Could Mina said, “I can show you the way”
Mina said she could show me the way.
May Might Paula said, “I may go to Brazil”
Pula said she might go to Brazil.
The past perfect and the modal verbs should, could and might do not change.

Change the following phrases:

Now then

Today, tonight that day, that night

Yesterday the previous day, the day before

This morning, year, etc. that morning, year, etc.

Here there

Tomorrow the next day, the following day


Ago before

Last week / month the previous week / month

Next week / month the following week / month

I. Change the following sentences from direct speech to reported speech.


1. Tom said, “We are meeting Sam today.” __________________________________________
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2. Mandy told me, “I’ll talk to him now.” ___________________________________________
3. Danny told me, “I visited my lawyer yesterday.” ____________________________________
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4. Mark said, “I haven’t eating anything since this morning.” ____________________________
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5. Eric said, “I saw it here.” ______________________________________________________
6. Sally told me, “I’m flying to Chile tomorrow.” _____________________________________
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7. Ben said, “I bought this car two days ago.” ________________________________________
8. Dave said, “I called Mandy last week.” ___________________________________________
9. Gary said, “I’ll return the book next week.” ________________________________________
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II. Complete from pages from 45 to 49.
III. Complete exercise F on page 51
IV. Do the writing on the next page.
Module 5

AN EYEWITNESS

That’s strange

Someone broke into your neighbor’s house last night. You


were at home and have some information which can help
the police. Write two paragraphs about what you heard
and/ or saw.

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