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1.Anyone who uses a telephone or a data modem on a telephone circuit is part of a global
communications network called:
A. Personal Mobile Telephone Network
B. World Wide Web
C. Internet
D. Public Telephone Network

2.The simplest and most straightforward form of telephone service which involves subscribers accessing
the public telephone network through a pair of wires called the local subscriber loop.
A. Plain Old Telephone Service
B. Local Access Telephone Area
C. Public Switched Telephone Network
D. Digital Subscriber Line

3.The subscriber loop provides the means to connect a telephone set at a subscriber’s location to the
closest telephone office, which is commonly called a/n:
A. end office
B. local exchange office
C. central office
D. all of the above

4.The pair of wires connecting a subscriber to the closest telephone office is called the ________.
A. Subscriber line
B. local loop
C. drop line
D. twisted pair

5.Originally it as an electromagnetic bell that is placed directly across the tip and ring of the local loop.
A. Dialer
B. Transmitter
C. Ringer Circuit
D. on/off hook circuit

6.It is nothing more than a simple single-throw, double-pole(STDP) switch placed across the tip and ring.
A. Dialer
B. Transmitter
C. Ringer Circuit
D. on/off hook circuit

7.It converts electrical signals received from the local loop to acoustic signals (sound waves) that can be
heard and understood by human being.
A. Earphones
B. Speakers
C. Microphone
D. Headphone
8.It is the transmitter for the telephone.
A. Earphones
B. Speakers
C. Microphone
D. Headphone

9.Another function of the hybrid network is to allow a small portion of the transmit signal to be returned
to the receiver in form of:
A. echo
B. singing
C. feedback
D. sidetone

10.It enables the subscriber to output signals representing digits, and this enables the caller to enter the
destination telephone number.
A. pulse dialing circuit
B. dialing circuit
C. tone dialing circuit
D. modem

11.An audible signal comprised of two frequencies: 350Hz and 440Hz

A. Call progress tones
B. Ringing signal
C. Busy tone
D. Dial tone

12.A more efficient means than dial pulsing for transferring telephone numbers from a subscriber’s
location to the central office switching machine.
A. Dual-tone multifrequency
B. Pulse dialing
D. Voice dialing

13.A two-of-six code designed to be used only to convey information between two electronic switching
A. E and M signaling
B. multifrequency signaling
C. two-of-six signaling
D. dual tone signaling

14.Station busy is sometimes called:

A. fast busy
B. slow busy
C. short busy
D. long busy
15.In telephone terminology, a station is a:
B. central office
C. telephone set
D. switch

16.Sometimes called a congestion tone or a no-circuit-available tone.

A. equipment busy signal
B. station busy signal
C. star signal
D. key pulse signal

17.It is sent from the switching machine back to the calling station whenever the system cannot
complete the call because the equipment is unavailable.
A. ringing signal
B. busy tone
C. congestion tone
D. station busy signal

18.An equipment busy is sometimes called:

A. fast busy
B. slow busy
C. short busy
D. long busy

19.It is sent from a central office to a subscriber whenever there is an incoming utm-
A. ringback signal
B. ringing signal
C. alert signal
D. dial tone

20.This is sent back to the calling party at the same time the ringing signal is sent to the called party.
A. ringback signal
B. ringing signal
C. alert signal
D. dial tone

21.A term used to describe a telephone instrument that is ready for use, with the handset removed
from its cradle.
A. On hook
B. Hand up
C. Off hook
D. Busy

22. It means the telephone is not being used, and

the circuit is in the idle state.
A. closed loop condition
B. open loop condition
C. off hook
D. on hook

23. The switching machine in the central office

detects the dc current and recognizes it.
A. closed loop condition
B. open loop condition
C. off hook
D. on hook

24. Enables the destination station of a telephone

call to display the name and telephone number
of the calling party before the telephone is
A. Call waiting
B. Caller lD
C. Answering machine
D. Voice mail

25. These are Simplex Wireless communications system designed to alert subscriber of waiting message.
A. SMS Systems
B. Cellular systems
C. Personal mobile systems
D. Paging systems

26.It is the only facility required by all voice-band

Circuits, as It is the means by which subscriber
locations are connected to the local telephone
A. Subscriber line interface card
B. Hybrid circuit
C. local subscriber loop
D. 4-wire line

27. in a telephone circuit, this refers to an actual

loss of signal strength.
A. Absorption
B. Echo
C. Attenuation
D. Singing

28.Defined as the optimum level of a test tone on a channel at some point in a communications system.
A. Transmission level point
B. Data level point
C. Power level point
D. Test level point
29.A parameter used for voice circuits, whereas it is used as reference for data transmission.
A. Transmission level point
B. Data level point
C. Power level point
D. Test level point

30.When a two-wire circuit is connected to a four-wire circuit, such as in a long-distance telephone call,
an interference circuit called a _______ set is used to affect the interference.
A. loading coils
B. echo canceller
C. hybrid
D. echo suppressors

31. Defined as any disturbance created in a

communications channel by Signals in other
communications channels.
A. Crosstalk
B. Fading
C. Noise
D. Interference

32.In telephony, it identifies and connects the

subscriber to a suitable transmission path.
A. Linking function
B. Connecting function
C. Switching function
D. Signaling functions

33. In telephony, it supplies and interprets

supervisory signals needed to perform the
A. Linking function
B. Connecting function
C. Switching function
D. Signaling functions

34.The public telephone companies are sometimes called:

A. service providers
B. carriers
C. public switched telephone network
D. web

35. The dedicated cable facility used to connect an instrument at a subscriber's station to the closest
station to the closest telephone offices
A. toll
B. trunk circuits
C. local loop
D. exchange

36. Similar to a local loop except that it is used to interconnect two telephone offices.
A. toll
B. trunk circuits
C. local loop
D. exchange

37. Dial tone frequencies:

A. 350Hz and 44OHz
B. 480Hz and 620Hz
C. 440Hz and 480Hz
D. 90Vrms, 20Hz

38. Ringback tone frequencies:

A. 350Hz and 440Hz
B. 480Hz and 620Hz
C. 440Hz and 480Hz
D. 90Vrms, 20Hz

39. Busy tone frequencies:

A. 350Hz and 440Hz
B. 480Hz and 620Hz
C. 440Hz and 480Hz
D. 90Vrms, 20Hz

40 The ringing signal:

A. 350Hz and 440Hz
B. 480Hz and 620Hz
C. 440Hz and 480Hz
D. 90Vrms, 20Hz

41.A central location where subscribers are

Interconnected, either temporarily or on a
permanent basis.
A. toll
B. trunk circuits
C. local loop
D. exchange

42.Exchange connected directly to local loops are

often called:
B. party line
C. switchboards
D. dial switches

43.The first local telephone exchanges where

manual interconnects were accomplished using
patch-cords and jacks.
B. switchboards
C. Strowger switch
D. stepper switch

44. In the early days of telephone exchange, each

telephone line could have 10 or more
subscribers connected to the central office
exchange using the same local loop. This is
A. Plain and old telephone access
B. telephone network
D. party line

45.A system where the operator would then ring the destination, and when someone answered the
and when someone answered the telephone, the operator would remove her plug from the jack and
connect the calling and
called parties together with a special patch-cord equipped with plugs on both ends.
A. Operator system
B. Electronic switching system
C. Ringdown system
D. Automated switching system

46.A system of sensors, switches, and other

electrical and electronic devices that allows
subscribers to give instructions directly to the
switch without having to go through an operator.
A. Operator system
B. Electronic switching system
C. Ringdown system
D. Automated switching system

47.In 1938, the Bell System began replacing the

steppers with another electromechanical
switching called:
A. crossbar (XBAR) switch
B. electronic switching system (ESS)
C. Strowger switches
D, stored program control

48. This uses software to control practically all the

switching functions.
A. step by step switch
B. Ringdown system
C. Stored Program Control (SPC)
D. Automated switching system

49.ln telephony, the path over which voice, data or

video signals propagate is called a.
A. circuit
B. line
C. loop
D. card

50. A programmable matrix that allows circuits to be

connected to one another and are capable of
interconnecting any circuit connected to it to any
other circuit connected to it.
A. circuit switch
B. packet switch
C. message switch
D. automatic switch

51. A telephone call completed within a single local exchange is called:

A. extra switch call
B. interofflce call
C. intraoffioe call
D. interswitch call
52. These are calls placed between two stations that are connected to different local exchanges.
A. extra switch call
B. interofflce call
C. intraoffioe call
D. interswitch call
53.Interoffice calls are sometimes called:
A. interswitch calls
B. local calls
C. long distance calls
D. trunk calls
54.Today telephone-switching machines in local exchanges are interconnected to other local
exchange Offices on special facilities called.
A. Fiber optic links
B. Trunks
C. Toll
D. Area code
55.An exchange without any local loops connected to it.
A. tandem office
B. local office
C. end office
D. all of the above
56. Interstate long-distance telephone calls require a special telephone office called:
A. tandem office
C. earth stations
D. toll office
57. North America is now divided into numbering
plan areas (NPAs) with each NPA assigned a
unique three-digit number called:
A. area code
B. local code
C. exchange code
D. country code
58. Each NPA is further subdivided into smaller
service areas with its own three-digit number
A. area code
B. exchange code
C. local code
D. country code
59. ln telephony, a path between two
subscribers and is comprised of one or more switches , two local loops, and possibly one or more trunk
A. line
8. link
C. route
D. road
60. If a call cannot be completed because the
necessary trunk circuits or switching paths are
not available, the calling party receives an
equipment (fast) busy signal, known as:
A. signaling
B. notice
C. warning
D. blocking
61. Subscriber receiving unlimited local call service in return for payment of a fixed charge each month is
usually referred to as:
A. flat rate
B. Prepaid rate
C. value added rate
D. basic rate
62. These are toll trunks in tandem, excluding the two terminating links at the ends of the connection.
A. Subscriber Iinks
B. Direct links
C. intermediate links
D. Long distance links
63.Refers to the exchange of information between
call components required to provide and
maintain servrce.
A. Signaling
B. Polling
C. Handshaking
D. Tracing
64.A separate digital channel for exchanging
signaling information in out-of-band signaling.
A. Band channel
B. Dummy channel
C. Signaling link
D. Virtual channel
65. The message propagates from one network to
another in small bundles of data called:
A. bytes
B. packets
C. block
D. frame
66. This allows customers to change to a different
service and still keep the same telephone
A. Porting
B. Signaling points
C. Point of presence
D. Common Channel signaling
67.If there are identical telephone numbers in
different parts of a country, these can be
distinguished by what code?
A. language digits
B. country codes
C. area codes
D. central office codes
68. Telephone traffic is measured
A. with echo cancellers
B. by the relative congestion
C. by Doppler radar
D. in erlangs
69. Failure to connect a telephone call because of lack of system capacity.
A. Handoff
B. Call blocking
C. Call termination
D. Busy call
70. Switch in a telephone system that connects to local subscriber lines.
A. Central office
B. Tandem office
D. Local loop
71. Communication system in which a dedicated channel is set up between parties for the duration of
the communication.
A Message-switched network
B. Packet-switched network
C. Circuit-switched network
D. Hold and forward network
72.Interference between two signals multiplexed into the same channel.
C.Interchannel interference
D.Radio magnetic interference
73.Signaling using combinations of two audio tones transmitted on the vorce-channel.
A. Pulse dialing
B. Rotary dialing
C. Dual-tone multifrequency dialing
D. Press dialing
74. Use of optical fiber for telephone connections to individual customers.
A. Fiber-in-the-building
B. Fiber-in-the-curb
C. Fiber-in-the-loop
D. Fiber-in-the-street
75. A type of communication system that allows communication in both directions simultaneously.
A. Full duplex
B. Half duplex
C. Simplex
D. Full-full duplex
76.A specialized transformer (or electronic
equivalent) that allows telephone voice signals
to travel in both directions simultaneously on a
single twisted-pair loop.
B. Two wire line configuration
C. Hybrid coil
D. Twisted Pair Cables
77.Control signals sent in a voice channel at voice frequencies.
A. Out-band signals
B. Forward signals
C. Reverse signals
D. In-band signals
78.Control signals using the same channel as a
voice signal.
A. Out-channel signals
B. Co-channel signals
C. ln-channel signals
D. Counter-channel signals
79. Telephone system using digital local loops for
both voice and data with the codec in the
telephone equipment.
B. x.25
D. Integrated services digital network
80. Inductance added to a twisted-pair telephone
line to reduce its losses for voice frequencies.
A. Top hat loading
B. Loading coil
C. Capacitor loading
D. Loading gun
81. An area consisting of several central offices and handled by a local carn‘er.
A. Topology
B. Cell
C. Service area
D. Local access and transport area
82. Small data network covering one or several
B. Wide area network
C. Personal area network
D. Local area network
83.The link from the central office to an individual subscriber’s premises
A. Tandem loop
B. Trunk line
C. Local loop
D. Twisted pair
84.A term used to describe a telephone instrument that is ready for use, with the handset removed from
its cradle.
A. On hook
B. Hang up
C. Off hock
D. Busy
85.A term used to describe a telephone instrument whose handset is on its cradle, ready to receive a ring
A. On hook
B. Hang up
C. Off hook
D. Busy
86.A control or supervisory signal that is transmitted on a voice channel, but at dc or at such a frequency
that it will not be heard.
A. Out-of-this-world signal
B. Out-of-band signal
C. Out-of-reach signal
D. Out-of-coverage signal
87. A term used to describe ordinary voice
88.Small telephone switch located on customer premises
A. Tandem office
B. Central office
C. Private branch exchange
D. Local exchange
89.The ordinary public wireline phone system
90.Dialing that works by interrupting the dc loop current; used dial type telephones and some electronic
A. Tone dialing
B. Pulse dialing
C. Make and break dialing
D. None of the above
91. Other things being equal, battery life in a GSM phone should be:
a. less than in a TDMA phone
b. greater than in a TDMA phone
c. no better than in an AMPS phone
d. no better than a TDMA phone
92. It is necessary to send control information on traffic channels in:
a. no PCS system
b. TDMA only
c. GSM only
d. both GSM and TDMA
93. GSM uses:
a. frequency hopping
c. direct-sequence modulation
d. all of the above
94. In GSM, SIM stands for:
a. Short Inbound Message
b. Subscriber ID Module
c. Subscriber-Initiated Message
d. Subscriber ID Method
95. IMSI stands for:
a. Integrated Mobile Subscriber Identification
b. International Mobile Subscriber Identification
c. Interim Mobile Subscriber Identification
d. Intermodulation System Interference
96. IS-95 uses:
a. frequency hopping
d. all of the above
97. IS-136 uses:
a. frequency hopping
d. all of the above
98. In CDMA:
a. all frequencies are used in all cells
b. each cell uses half the available frequencies
c. each cell is assigned a frequency by the base
d. the frequency is selected by the mobile phone
99. CDMA uses a set of PN sequences that are:
a. common
b. rotating
c. unique
d. orthogonal
100. The next generation of PCS is expected to have:
a. faster data rates
b. wider roaming area
c. Internet access
d. all of the above
101. To use a cable network for data transmission, we need two key devices: a ______ and a _________
D) none of the above
102. A local telephone network is an example of a _______ network.
A) packet-switched
B) message-switched
C) circuit-switched
D) none of the above
103. A traditional cable TV network transmits signals ______.
A) downstream
B) upstream
C) upstream and downstream
D) none of the above
104. The traditional cable TV system used ________cable end to end.
A) twisted-pair
B) fiber-optic
C) coaxial
D) none of the above
105. The telephone network is made of ______ major components.
A) 4
B) 3
C) 2
D) none of the above
106. Data from a computer are _______; the local loop handles _______ signals.
A) analog; analog
B) digital; digital
C) digital; analog
D) analog; digital
107. The original telephone network, which is referred to as the plain old telephone system (POTS), was
an ________ system.
A) analog
B) digital
C) digital as well as analog
D) none of the above
108. The protocol that is used for signaling in the telephone network is called ______.
B) SS7
D) none of the above
109. _______technology is a set of technologies developed by the telephone companies to provide high
data rate transmission.
D) none of the above
110. The local loop has _______ cable that connects the subscriber telephone to the nearest end office.
A) fiber-optic
B) coaxial
C) twisted-pair
D) none of the above
111. The second generation of cable networks is called a(n) _________ network.
D) none of the above
112. The largest portion of the bandwidth for ADSL carries _______.
A) upstream data
B) downstream data
C) control data
D) voice communication
113. _______ is suitable for businesses that require comparable upstream and downstream data rates.
D) (b) and (c)
114. The carrier that handles intra-LATA services is called a(n) _____ .
D) none of the above
115. DMT is a modulation technique that combines elements of _______ and _______.
116. The carrier that handles inter-LATA services is called a(n) _______.
D) none of the above
117. The modern telephone network is now ________.
A) digital
B) digital as well as analog
C) analog
D) none of the above
118. In an HFC network, the upstream data are modulated using the _______ modulation technique.
119. _______ was designed as an alternative to the T-1 line.
120. HDSL encodes data using _______.
A) 2B1Q
B) 1B2Q
C) 4B/5B
D) 6B/8T
121. In an HFC network, the downstream data are modulated using the _______ modulation technique.
122. Another name for the cable TV office is the _______.
A) head end
B) combiner
C) fiber node
D) splitter
123. The term modem is a composite word that refers to the two functional entities that make up the
device: a signal _______ and a signal _______.
A) demodulator; modulator
B) modulator; demodulator
C) modern; demo
D) none of the above
124. The two most common digital services are ________ service and ______.
A) switched/56; DDS
B) switched/56; switched/64
C) DDS; swiched 64
D) leased; out-of-band
125. The United States is divided into many _______.
D) none of the above
126. The standard for data transmission over an HFC network is called _______.
127. In ________signaling, a portion of the bandwidth is used for signaling and another portion for data.
A) mixed
B) in-band
C) out-of-band
D) none of the above
128. Telephone companies provide two types of analog services: analog _______ services and analog
A) leased; out-of-band
B) out-of-band; in-band
C) switched; in-band
D) switched; leased
129. AMPS stand for:
a. American Mobile Phone System
b. Advanced Mobile Phone System
c. Analog Mobile Phone Service
d. Advanced Mobile Phone Service
130. PCS stands for:
a. Personal Communications Service
b. Personal Cell phone Service
c. Personal Communications Systems
d. Portable Communications Systems
131. RCC stands for:
a. Radio Common Carrier
b. Regional Cellular Carrier
c. Radio Cellular Carrier
d. none of the above
132. MSC stands for:
a. Mobile Switching Center
b . Maximum Signal Carrier
c. Mobile Service Cellular
d. Minimum Signal Carrier
133. MTSO stands for:
a. Minimum Transmitted Signal Output
b. Mobile Telephone Switching Office
c. Maximum Transmitted Signal Output
d. Mobile Transmission Time-Out
134. MIN stands for:
a. Manual Identification Number
b. Maximum In-band Noise
c. Mobile Identification Number
d. Minimum In-band Noise
135. NAM stands for:
a. Numerical Access Mode
b. Number Access Module
c. Numerical Assignment Mode
d. Number Assignment Module
136. ESN stands for:
a. Electronic Serial Number
b. Emission Strength Number
c. Emitted Signal Number
d. none of the above
137. SCM stands for:
a. Service Class Mark
b. Signal Class Mark
c. Station Class Mark
d. Serial-Code Mode
138. SCM identifies the:
a. code number of a cell phone
b. signal classification (analog or digital)
c. base-station class
d. maximum power level of a cell phone
139. SID stands for:
a. Sequential Interrupt Demand
b. System Identification Number
c. Standard Identification Number
d. Signal Intensity Descriptor
140. The SID is used by a cell phone to:
a. identify the type of system (analog or digital)
b. recognize an AMPS system
c. set its transmitted power level
d. recognize that it is "roaming"
141. DCC stands for:
a. Digital Color Code
b. Digital Communications Carrier
c. Digital Communications Code
d. Direct Channel Code
142. SAT stands for:
a. Station Antenna Tower
b. Supervisory Access Tone
c. Supervisory Audio Tone
d. none of the above
143. CMAC stands for:
a. Control Mobile Attenuation Code
b. Central Mobile Access Control
c. Control Mobile Access Code
d. Carrier Mode Attenuation Control
144. The CMAC is used to:
a. control access to the cell site
b. set the access code of the cell phone
c. set the transmit power of the cell phone
d. select the transmit channel for the cell phone
145. In an AMPS system, voice is sent using:
a. AM
b. FSK
c. FM
146. In an AMPS system, control-channel signals are sent using:
a. AM
b. FSK
c. FM
147. The ERP of a typical handheld AMPS cell phone is: a. less than 600 µW. c. between 1 and 2 watts b.
less than 600 mW. d. 4 watts
148. BSC stands for:
a. Base Station Controller
b. Basic Service Contract
c. Base Signal Controller
d. Basic Service Code
149. The combination of the mobile cell phone and the cell site radio equipment is called the:
a. BSC
b. RF interface
d. air interface
150. The optimum cell-site radius is:
a. 2 km
b. as small as possible
c. 0.5 km
d. none of the above
151. Phone traffic is measured in:
a. calls
b. number of users
c. erlangs
d. number of blocked calls
152. One way to increase the capacity of a cell phone system is:
a. increase the number of cells
b. increase the ERP
c. decrease the number of cells
d. decrease the ERP
153. CDPD stands for:
a. Code-Division Packet Data
b. Coded Digital Packet Data
c. Cellular Digital Packet Data
d. Cellular Digital Pulse Data
154. In North America, PCS is assigned the ____________________-MHz band.
ANS: 1900
155. Compared to AMPS, PCS cells are ____________________ in size.
ANS: smaller
156. Besides TDMA and CDMA, ____________________ is also used in North America for PCS.
157. The spread-spectrum technique used in IS-95 PCS is ____________________.
ANS: CDMA direct sequence
158. The spread-spectrum technique used in GSM is _________________________.
ANS: frequency hopping
159. Unlike AMPS, CDMA allows for a ____________________ handoff.
ANS: soft
160. The orthogonal PN sequences used in CDMA are called a ____________________ code.
ANS: Walsh

161. Unlike other systems, in CDMA ____________________ frequencies are used in all cells.
ANS: all
162. PN stands for Pseudo-____________________ Noise.
ANS: random
163. ____________________ diversity is inherent in any spread-spectrum system.
ANS: Frequency
164. RF channel S/N ratios ____________________ than zero are typical in CDMA systems.
ANS: less
165. CDMA uses a ____________________-rate vocoder.
ANS: variable
166. A phone user typically talks less than ____________________% of the time during a conversation.
ANS: 50
167. CDMA requires ____________________-loop power control to work properly.
ANS: closed
168. GPRS stands for General ____________________ Radio Service.
ANS: Packet
169. IMT stands for International ____________________ Telecommunications.
ANS: Mobile
170. UPT stands for ____________________ Personal Telecommunications.
ANS: Universal
171.The term for mobile telephone services which began in 1940s and are sometimes called Manual
telephone systems.
ANS: Mobile Telephone Manual System (MTSs)
172.The frequency used by MTSs.
ANS: 35 MHz-45MHz
173. Switch that was used by MTS to activate the transceiver.
ANS: Push-to-Talk (PTT)
174.It was introduced in 1964 which used several carrier frequencies and could, therefore, handle several
simultaneous mobile conversations at the same time.
ANS: Improved Mobile Telephone System (IMTS)
175. The term suggested any radio transmitter, receiver, or transceiver that could be moved while
ANS: Mobile
176. The term that described a relatively small radio unit that was handled, battery powered, and easily
carried by a person moving at walking speed.
ANS: Portable
177. It is similar to two-way mobile radio in that most communications occurs between base stations and
mobile units.
ANS: Cellular Telephone
178. It operates on half duplex and use PTT transceivers. examples of two-way radio: Citizens Band (CB)
Public land mobile radio
ANS: Two-Way Radio
179. A one to one system that permits two-way simultaneous transmissions and operates the same way
as the standard wire line telephone service.
ANS: Mobile Telephone
180. Hinted of a cellular telephone scheme that he referred to as simply a small-zone radio telephone
system in the July 28, 1945.
ANS: E.K. Jett
181. On June 17, 1946, they introduced the first American commercial mobile radio-telephone service to
private customers.
ANS: AT&T and Southwestern Bell
182. A radio telephone service introduced by AT&T in 1947.
ANS: Highway Service.
183. Unveiled the most famous mobile telephone to date: the fully mobile shoe phone in 1966 in a
television show called Get Smart.
ANS: Don Adams
184.The year when FCC granted AT&T the first license to operate a developmental cellular telephone
service in Chicago.
ANS: 1975
185. A satellite-based wireless personal communications satellite (PCSS)
ANS: Iridium
186. Another term for cellular telephone.
ANS: Cellular Radio
187. A large geographic market area.
ANS: Coverage zone
188. It is employed to increase the capacity of a mobile telephone channel.
ANS: Frequency Reuse
189.The shape that was used because it provides the most effective transmission by approximating a
circular pattern while eliminating the gaps present between adjacent circles.
ANS: Honeycomb
190. Large cells that typically has 1 mile and 15 miles radius with base station transmit power 1W and 6
ANS: Macrocells
191.The smallest cells that typically has radius of 1500 feet or less with base station transmit powers
between 0.1 W and 1 W.
ANS: Microcells
192. The process in which the same set of frequencies can be allocated to more than one one cell,
provided the cells are separa ted by sufficient distance.
ANS: Frequency Reuse
193.A geographic cellular radio coverage area containing three groups of cells.
ANS: cluster
194.Typically equal to 3,7, or 12.
ANS: Cluster size
195.The process of finding the tier with the nearest co-channel cells
ANS: First Tier
196. Two cells using the same set of frequencies.
ANS: Co-channel cells
197. The interference between the co-channels cells.
ANS: Adding radio channels to a system: Decreasing the transmit power per cell making cells smaller
filling vacated coverage areas with new cells
198.The area of a cell, or independent component coverage areas of cellular system is further subdivided
thus creating more areas.
ANS: Cell Splitting
199.Occurs when number of the number of subscriber wishing to place a call at any given time equals
the number of channels in the cell.
ANS:Maximum Traffic Load
200.A condition occurs when a new call is initiated in an area where all the channels are in use.
ANS: Blocking