Sunteți pe pagina 1din 1

CALCULATION OF CABLE RESISTANCE

Consider an example using the reistance formula:-


A copper conductor of length 500 meters is used to supply electrical energy to a lighting load
of 1,000W. If the cross sectional area of the conductor is 10mmsq, calculate the resistance of
the conductor. If the copper conductor were replaced with an Aluminium conductor of the
same length, calculate the resistance of the Aluminium conductor.
Solution:
The resistance per km for copper is given by:

R = 22.5/S(c.s.a)

Here S = 10mmsq

Hence R = 22.5/10 = 2.25 Ohms per km

Length of conductor = 500m =500/1000 = 0.5km

Therefore resistance of copper conductor = 2.25 x 0.5 =1.125 Ohms

Similarly for Aluminium,

The resistance per km for Aluminium is given by:

R = 36/S(c.s.a)

Again S = 10mmsq

Hence R = 36/10 = 3.6 Ohms per km

Length of conductor = 0.5km

Therefore resistance of copper conductor = 3.6 x 0.5 = 1.8 Ohms