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Shalim (Shalem, Salem, and Salim) is a god in the Canaanite religion pantheon, Fertile Crescent
mentioned in inscriptions found in Ugarit (Ras Shamra) in Syria.[1][2] William F. myth series
Albright identified Shalim as the god of dusk, and Shahar as god of the dawn.[3] In
the Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible, Shalim is also identified as the Mesopotamian
deity representing Venus or the "Evening Star", and Shahar, the "Morning Star".[1] Levantine
His name derives from the triconsonantal Semitic root S-L-M. The city of Jerusalem
was named after him, and the biblical KingSolomon may also have been.[4]
Near Eastern Religions
The Levant

Contents El Berith

Elyon Dagon
Ugaritic inscriptions
Hadad Elohim
See also
Adon Eshmun
Bibliography Anat Kubaba

Arsu Liluri

Asherah Manuzi
Ugaritic inscriptions Astarte Mot

A Ugaritic myth known as The Gracious and Most Beautiful Gods, describes Shalim Atargatis Shaddai
and his brother Shahar as offspring of El through two women he meets at the Salem
seashore. They are both nursed by "The Lady", likely Anat (Athirat or Asherah), and
Baal Yahweh
have appetites as large as "(one) lip to the earth and (one) lip to the heaven." In other
[1] Ba`alat Gebal Yam
Ugaritic texts, the two are associated with the sun goddess.
Another inscription is a sentence repeated three times in a para-mythological text,
"Let me invoke the gracious gods, the voracious gods of ym." Ym in most Semitic
languages means "day," and Shalim and Shahar, twin deities of the dusk and dawn, were conceived of as its eginning
b and end.[5]

Shalim is also mentioned separately in the Ugaritic god lists and forms of his name also appear in personal names, perhaps asdivine
name or epithet.[1]

Many scholars believe that the name of Shalim is preserved in the name of the city Jerusalem.[1][6][7][8] The god Shalim may have
, 'sunset' and 'peace'.[9]
been associated with dusk and the evening star in the etymological senses of a 'completion' of the day

See also

1. van der Toorn et al., 1999, pp. 755-6 (
2. Golan, 2003, p. 82. "The name of the Canaanite deity of the setting sun Salim, or Salem, [...] The names [of
and Salim] are rendered in modern scholarly texts as Shakhar and Shalim [...]"
3. Albright, 1990,p. 187 (
aanite&lr=#v=onepage&q=salim%20god%20ugarit%20canaanite&f=false) ; cf. the Akkadian word for sunset,šalām
4. Knauf, E. A (1997). Le roi est mort, vive le roi! A Biblical Argument for the Historicity of Solomon, in The Age of
Solomon: Scholarship at the Turn of the Millennium, edited by Lowell K. Handy. Brill. ISBN 9004104763.
5. van der Toorn et al., 1999, p. 222.
6. N. Na'aman, Canaanite Jerusalem and its central hill country neighbours in the second millennium B.C.E.,
Forschungen Vol. 24 (1992), pp275-291.
7. L. Grabbe, Ethnic groups in Jerusalem, in Jerusalem in Ancient History andradition
T (Clark International, 2003)
8. John Day, Yahweh and the gods and goddesses of Canaan, Sheffield Academic Press 2002, p180
9. Helmer Ringgren; Heinz-Josef Fabry (2006).Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (
books?id=63BP9RPm26sC&pg=PA24). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 24–.ISBN 978-0-8028-2339-7. Retrieved
19 June 2015.

Albright, William Foxwell(1968 / 1990). Yahweh and the gods of Canaan: a historicalanalysis of two contrasting
faiths (Reprint ed.). Eisenbrauns.ISBN 978-0-931464-01-0. Check date values in: |year= (help)
Golan, Ariel (2003). Prehistoric religion: mythology, symbolism. Ariel Golan (Original from the University of V
ISBN 978-965-90555-0-0.
van der Toorn, Karel; Becking, Bob; van der Horst, Pieter Willem (1999).Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the
Bible DDD (2nd, revised ed.). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.ISBN 9780802824912.

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