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Present Simple. Present Countinous. Present Perfect.

Present Perfect Continous - Engleza Admitere


Academia de Politie
Present Simple and Present Countinous: We use the present simple for:
 Facts and permanent states.
 General truths and laws of nature. Water freezes at 0 grades.
 Habits and routines (with always, usually, etc). She usually goes to the market on
Mondays.
 Timetables and programmes (in the future). His train arrives at six o'clock next Tuesday.
 Sporting commentaries, reviews and narration.
 Feeling and emotions.
The time expressions we use with the present simple are: usually, often, always, every
day/week/year, in the morning /afternoon/evening, at night/the weekend, on Fridays.
We use the present continuous (to be + verb-ing):
 For actions talking place at or around the moment of speaking
 For temporary situations. We are decorating the living room this week.
 For fixed arrangements in the near future. I am going out with you tonigh.
 For currently changing and developing situations. The air is becoming more and more
polluted.
 With adverbs such as always to express anger or irritation at a repeated action. She is
always biting her nails.
The time expressions we use with the present continuous are: now, at the moment, at present,
these days, nowadays, still, today, etc .
Stative verbs
Stative verbs are verbs which describe a state rather than an action , and so do not usually
have a continuous tense .These verbs are:
 Verbs of the senses(see,hear,smell,taste,feel,look,sound,seem,appear)
 Verbs of perception( know, belive , understand ,realize, remember , forget )
 Verbs which express feelings and emotions(like, love, hate, enjoy , prefer , detest ,desire
,want )
 Some other verbs ( be, contain, include , belong , fit , need , matter , cost , own , want ,
owe , weigh , wish , have , keep etc )
Some of these verbs can be used in continuous tenses, but with a difference meaning
Think : I think he is a very good lawyer(=belive)
We are thinking about moving house(=are considering)
Have : He has a Porsche(=own,posses)
I am having a great time (=am experiencing )
See : I can see the lighthouse from my house(=it is visible) ; I see what he
means(=understand)
I am seeing the dentist at ten(=am meeting)
Taste : the cake tastes delicious(=it is, has the flavor of )
Bill is tasting the soup to see if it needs more salt(=is testing)
Smeel : the pasta smells very good(=has the aroma)
She is smelling the roses(=is sniffing)
Appear: he appears to know where he is going(=seems to )
He is appearing in a play at Rex(=is performing)
Fit : the shoes fit him perfectly(=are the right size)
Tom is fitting a new lock on the front door(=in attaching)
Note :
 The verb enjoy can be used in continuous tensen to express a specific preference
BILL really enjoys playing squash (general preference)
But: he is enjoying the party very much (specific preference)
 The verb look (when we refer to somebody ‘s appearance) , feel (experience a particular
emotion), hurt and ache can be used in a simple or continuous tenses with no difference
in meaning.
I feel very happy = I am feeling very happy

Present Perfect
We use the present perfect (have + past participle ) for :
 An action that happened at an unstated time in the past. The emphasis is on the action,
the time when it occurred is unimportant or unknown. I have washed the dishes.
 An action which started in the past and continues up to the present, especially with
stative verbs such as be, have, like, know, etc. I have known Bill for ten year.
 A recently completed action. I have typed the letters.
 Personal experiences or changes. She has put on weight.
The time expressions we use with the present perfect are: for, since, already, always, just, ever,
never, so far, today, this week / month etc, how long, lately, recently, still (in negations) etc

Present Perfect Continous


We use the present perfect continuous ( have +been+ verb-ing):
 To put emphasis on the duration of an action which started in the past and continues up
to the present . We have been painting the walls all morning .
 For an action which started in the past and lasted for some time. It may still be
continuing or has finished already with the result visible in the present . He is tired
because he has been working since 10 in the morning .
 To express anger, irritation or annoyance. He has been reading my newspaper without
asking me .
 For repeated actions in the past continuing to the present . He has lost weight because
he has been going to the gym every day after work.
The time expressions we use with the present perfect continuous are: for, since, how long, all
day/month etc, lately, recently.
Note : with the verbs live , work , teach and feel we can use the present perfect or the
present perfect continuous with no difference in meaning . She has lived/has been living
in Denver for the last ten years .
Future Simple. Future Continous. Future Perfect. Future Perfect Continous - Engleza Admitere
Academia de Politie

Future Simple: We use the future simple (will + bare infinitive) for:
 Decisions made at the moment of speaking. It is cold. I will close the window.
 Predictions about the future, based on what we think, belive or imagine, using the verbs
think, belive, expect etc; the expressions be sure, be afraid, etc; and the adverbs
probably, certainly, perhaps etc. He will probably tell you later.
 Promises, threats, warnings, requests, hopes and offers
 Actions, events, situations which will definitely happen in the future and which we cannot
control. Bob will be thirty years old in May.
Be going to:
We use be going to :
 For plans, intentions or ambitions for the future. He is going to be a lawyer when he
finishes university.
 Actions we have already decided to do in the near future. Steve is going to spend his
holidays in Spain.
 Predictions based on what we can see or what we know, especially when there is
evidence that something will happen. Look at the dark clouds. It is going to rain.
The time expressions we use the future simple and going to are: tomorrow, the day after
tomorrow, tonight, soon, next week, in a week, etc.
Future Continuous:
we use the future continuous (will be + verb- ing):
 For actions which will be in progress at a stated future time. This time next year, I will be
lying on the beach.
 For actions which will definitely happen in the future as the result of a routine or
arrangement. We will be visiting the Smiths at the weekend.
 When we ask politely about someone ‘s plans for the near future. Will you be
finishing the report soon ?
Future Perfect:
We use the future perfect (will have + past particle) for actions that will have finished
before a stated time in the future. We will have moved house by the end of June.
The time expressions we use with the future perfect are: before, by, then, by the time, until / till,
(only in negative sentences).
Future Perfect Continuous:
We use the future perfect continuous ( will have been + verb-ing) to emphasise the duration
of an action up to a certain time in the future. The future perfect continuous is used with: by ...
for.
By the end of May, John will have been working here for ten years.
Time clauses when talking about the future :
When weuse words and expressions such as while, before, after, as, when, once, as soon
as, as long as, by the time etc to introduce time clauses, we use the present simple or
present perfect Not future forms .
We also use the present simple and present perfect, Not future forms, after words and
expressions such as unless, if, suppose / supposing, in case etc.
We use future forms with:
 When, when it is used as a question word. When will you be going skiing ?
 If / whether - after expressions which show uncertaintly / ignorance etc, such as I don ‘t
know, I doubt, I wonder, I'm not sure etc.
The indefinite article aÂ/an, The definite article "the" - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
The indefinite article a/an
We use a/an :
 With nouns when reffering to an unspecified thing; it means any one. Ex: Bob has got a
car and a bike.
 With singular countable nouns when we want to say what somebody /something is or
what someone's job is . ex: It is a cat . Mary is an engineer.
 With the verb have(got)
 In cartain expressions when we want to show how often we do something . I go to gim
twice a week.
We use a :
 Before singular countable nouns which begin with a constant sound(a union, house)
We use an :
 Before singular countable nouns which begin with a vowel sound (an hour,house)
We don't use a/an:
 With uncountable or plurar nouns. In these cases we use some instead of a/an. I
need some coffee and sugar
 Before an adjective if it is not followed by a noun. However ,if the adjective is followed by
a noun,we use a if the adjective begins with a consonant sound and an if the adjective
begins with a vowel sound. It is a construction. It is huge . It is a huge construction.
The definite article "the"
We use the :
 With nouns when talking about something specific . the car is green.
 With nouns that are unique (the sun , the Earth)
 With names of newspapers, cinemas, theatres, museums, art galleries, ships,
organizations
 With the names of rivers, groups of islands, mountain ranges, deserts, oceans, canals,
countries when they include words such as States, Kingdom, Republic, names or nous
with of ( the Houses of Parkiament), in geographical terms such as
Antarctic/Arctic/equator
 With the names of musical instruments and dances (the salsa, the guitar)
 With the names of families and nationalities ending in -sh, -ch or -ese. Other nationalities
can be used with or without the (the Egyptians/Egyptians)
 With titles (the queen) but not with titles including a proper name (Queen Victoria)
 With adjectives /adverbs in the superlative form but when Most is followed by a noun,it
does not take the.
 With the words morning, afternoon,evening,day
 With historical periods (THE last Ice Age, THE Vietnam war) BUT : WORLD WAR I
 With the word only, last and first (used as adjectives)
 With the words station, cinema, theatre, library, shop, coast, sea, beach, country, city,
jungle, world
We do not use the:
 With uncountable and plural nouns when talking about something in general
 With proper nouns . ANN works as a librarian
 With the names of sports, games , activities, days , months , drinks and meals
 With languages, unless they are followed by the word language
 With the names of contries which do not include the word State, Kingdom or Republic.
There are some exceptions: the Netherlands, the Gambia, the Vatican
 With names of the streets , squares, bridges, parks, railways stations, mountains ,
individual islands, lakes, and continents.
 With possessive adjectives or the possessive case
 With the names of restaurants,shops,banks,hotels
 With the word bed ,hospital,college ,court , prison ,school ,university
Past Simple. Past Continuous. Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous - Engleza Admitere Academia
de Politie
Past Simple. We use the past simple:
 For an action that occurred at a definite time in the past
 For actions that happened immediately after one another in the past: She locked the
door and headed for her car.
 For habits or states which are now finished: Mr Smith worked as a gardener when he
was young.
Note: used to can alse be used instead of the past simple for habits /repeated actions in
the past. The time expressions we use with the past simple are: yesterday, then, when,
how long ago, last night /month/year etc, three days/ weeks etc, in 1999 etc .

Past Continuous: We use past continuous :


 For an action which was in progress when another action interrupted it . We use the past
continuous for the action in progress(the longer action) , and the past simple for the
action which interrupted it (shorter action).
We were swimming when it started to rain.
 for two or more simultaneous actions in the past .
Bill was watching tv in the living room while Tony was having a shower.
 For an action which was in progress ar a stated time in the past . We do not mention
when the action started or finished.
At 8 o ‘clock yesterday I was having dinner with Mark
 To describe the atmosphere , setting etc and to give background information to a story .
The birds were singing as we were walking towards the cabin .

Note : when there are two past continuous forms in a sentence with the same subject , we
can avoid repetition by just using the present participle (-ing form) and leaving out the verb to
be .
He was riding the bike; he was whistling a tune = he was riding the bike , whistling
a tune.
The time expressions we use with the past continuous are : while , when , as , all
morning/evening/day etc.

Past Perfect
We use the past perfect ( had + past participle) :
 For an action which happened before another past action or before a stated time in the
past .
Ann had finished cooking by six o‘clock .
 For an action which finished in the past , and whose result was visible at a later point in
the past
He had broken his leg a month ago and he still could not walk properly .
 For a general situation in the past .

Everything had seemed normal at first .


The time expressions we use with the past perfect are: before , after, already , just , for ,
since , till , until , when , by the time , never .

Past Perfect Continuous


We use past perfect continuous :
 to put emphasis on the duration of an action which started and finished in the past ,
before another action or stated time in the past , usually with for or since .
He had been walking for about an hour before he reached his destination .
 for an action which lasted for some time in the past and whose result was visible in the
past .
He had been painting and his clothes were covered in paint.

The time expressions we use with the past perfect continuous are : for , since , how
long , before , until etc .
The Passive - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
The Passive: We form the passive with the verb to be in the appropiate tense and thepast
participle of the main verb. Only transitive verbs (verbs which take an object) can be used in
the passive (live does not have a passive form). We use the passive :
 When the person or people who do the action are unknown, unimportant or obvious from
the context. Bill ‘s car was stolen (we do not know who stole it). The office is being
redecorated (it is unimportant who is doing it). The burglar has been arrested (it is
obvious that the police arrested him).
 When the action itself is more important than the person/people who do it, as in news
headlines, newspaper articles, formal notices, advertisements, instructions, processes
etc.
The wedding ceremony will be held on October 15th.
 When we want to avoid taking responsibility for an action , or when we refer to an
unpleasant event and we do not want to say whi or what is to blame
Ten passengers were killed in the accident .

Changing from the active to the passive:


 The object of the active sentence becomes the subject in the passive sentence .
 The active verb remains in the same tense but changes into a passive form
 The subject of the active sentence becomes the agent , and is either introduced with the
preposition by or is omitted .
 Only transitive verbs can be changed into the passive
 Note : some transitive verbs (have , exist , seem , fit , suit , resemble , lack etc ) cannot
be changed into the passive .
 We can use the verb to get instead of the verb to be in everyday speech when we talk
about things that happen by accident or unexpectedly
 By + the agent is used to to say who or what carries out the action .
 The verbs hear , help , see and make are followed by the bare infinitive in the
active , but by the to -infinitive in the passive
She made me clean my room . I was made to clean my room
 Let becomes be allowed to in the passive

Causative form :
 we use have + object + past participle to say that we have arranged for someone to do
something for us. The past participle has a passive meaning.
Jackie had her hair dyed .
 questions and negations of the verb have are formed with do /does ( present simple) or
did ( past simple) .
Did you have your hair cut yesterday ?
 we also use have something done to talk about an unpleasant experience that
somebody had .
 we can use the verb get instead of have in informal conversation .
Note : the word order is very important . Tony had his bike repaired and Tony had repaired
his bike have very different meanings . In the first case , Tony arranged for someone else
to do the repairs , whereas in the second case he carried out the repairs himself.
The Infinitive - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Infinitive. The to - infinitive is used:


 To express purpose. He left early to catch the train.
 After certain verbs (agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, plan, promise, refuse, etc).
They expect to start building next Monday.
 After would like, would prefer, would love etc to express a specific preference. I would
preferto stay in tonight.
 After adjectives which describe feelings/emotions (happy, sad, glad, etc); express
willingness/unwillingness (willing, eager, reluctant, etc); refer to a person‘s character
(clever, kind etc) and the adjectives lucky and fortunate. I was very happy to hear that
Bill got promoted. Note: with adjectives that refer to character we can also use an
impersonal construction. It was kind of you to let me know.
 After too/enough. It is too cold to go out.
 To talk about an unexpected event, usually with only. I finally arrived at the airport only
to find that my flight had been cancelled
 With it +be +adjective/noun. It wasn't easy to find a new job.
 After be + first/second/next/last etc. He was the last person to talk to me.
 After verbs and expressions such as ask, learn, explain, decide, find out, want, want to
know etc, when they are followed by a question word. She explained how to use the
machine. Note: why is followed by subject + verbNOT an infinitive. I wonder why
she didn't come.
 In the expressions to tell you the truth, to be honest, to sum up, to begin with etc. To tell
you the truth, I did it on my own. Note: if two to-infinitive are linked by and or or, the
to of the second infinitive can be omitted. I would like to go and see for myself.
The infinitive without to is used:
 After modal verbs. Beth can play the piano well.
 After the verbs let, make, see, hear and feel. They made him leave the
room. But: after be made, be heard, be seen, etc. (passive form ). note: when see,
hear and watch are followed by an -ing form, there is no change in the passive.
 After had better and would rather.
 Help can be followed by either the to -infinitive or the infinitive without to.
Adverbs - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Adverbs:
Adverbs usually describe verbs, adjectives, other adverbs or sentences. An adverb can be
one word (quickly) or a phase (in the afternoon). Adverbs can
describe manner (how),place (where), time (when), frequency (how often), degree (to what
extent). Formation of adverbs:
a) We usually form an adverb by addin -ly to the adjective. extreme - extremely;
b) Adjectives ending in -le drop the e and take -y . simple - simply;
c) Adjective endin in consonant +y drop the y and take -ily. lucky-luckily;
d) Adjectives ending in -l take -ly . actual -actually.
 The adverbs loud, cheap, quick, tight, fair and slow are often used without -ly. She
speaks loud.
 Some adverbs have the same form as adjectives such as: hard, fast, free, high, low,
deep, early, late, long, near, straight, right, wrong. Also hourly, daily, weekly, and yearly.
 The adverbs below have two forms, each with a different meaning: They buried the
treasure deep underground (= a long way down ). He is deeply depressed (=very)

Order of adverbs :

 Adverbs usually go after verbs but before adjectives , other adverbs and
participles . He walks slowly ( manner) . The film was absolutely amusing ( degree)
 Sometimes adverbs go before the main verb , eg the adverbs of frequency ( often ,
always ) . He often plays tennis at weekends
 When there are two or more adverbs in the same sentence, they usually come in the
following order : manner - place - time . The little child was playing happily in the garden
all day yesterday .
 If thre is a verb of movement ( go , come , leave etc ) in the sentence , then , the
adverbs come in the following order : place - manner - time . John went to school on foot
this morning .
 Adverbs of place and time can go at the end of the sentence . I will go
shopping tomorrow (time).
Adjectives - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
Adjectives:
 Adjectives describe noun, go before nouns and have the same form in the singular and
plural. a huge tree/huge trees
 Adjectives can also be used alone after the verbs be, look, smell, sound, feel, taste,
seem, appear, become, get, stay etc.
 There are two kinds of adjectives: opinion adjectives (interesting, fantastic) which show
what a person thinks of somebody or something, and fact adjectives (old, fat, short)
which give us factual information about size, age, colour, origin, material etc.
 There are also compound adjectives which are formed with:
a) Present participles: long-lasting journey
b) Past participles: broken-down car
c) Cardinal numbers + nouns : a three-day trip
Well , badly + past participle: well -informed people

Order of adjectives
 Opinion adjectives go before fact adjectives: a beautiful Italian girl
 When there are two or more fact adjectives in a sentence, they usually go in the
following order: size-age- shape-colour-origin-material-used for/be about-noun a
small, old , square ,Chinese table
 We do not usually have a long list of adjectives before a single noun. A noun is usually
described by one, two or three adjectives at the most.
Comparisons

As /Like
We use like :
 With nouns/pronouns/-ing form to express similarity
 With feel, look, smell, taste. She looks like her sister.
We use as to say what somebody or something really is. He works as a waiter.

Comparatives and Superlatives


We use the comparatives to compare one person or thing with another. We use
the superlatives to compare one person or thing with more than one person or thing of the same
group. We often use than after a comparative and the before a superlative.
Formation of comparatives and superlatives from adjectives and adverbs:
 With one-syllable adjectives we add -(e)r to form the comparative and -(e)est to form the
superlative. note: for one syllable adjectives ending in a vowel + a consonant, we double
the consonant. big-bigger-bigges.
 With two-syllable adjectives ending in -ly , -y ,-w , we also add -er, -est . note: for
adjectives ending in a consonant +y, we replace the -y with -I . tiny -tinier-tinest
 With other two -syllable adjectives or adjectives with more than two syllables,
comparatives and superlatives are forms with more/most
 With adverbs that have the same form as their adjectives, we add -er/-est
 Two -syllable or compound adverbs take more / most , slowly - more slowly -most slowly
Note: clever, common, cruel, friendly, gentle, pleasant, polite, shallow, simple, stupid, quiet can
form their comparatives and superlatives either with -er/-est or with more/most
 Irregular forms:
Good-better-best / bad -worse -worst
Much -more-most/little-less-least
Far-farther/further-farthest/furthest
Many/lots-more-most

Types of comparisons
 as +adjective +as( to show that two people or things are similar in some way ) in
negative sentences we use not as /so .....as
 less +adjectives +than (expresses the difference between two people or things ) the
opposite is more ....than
 the least +adjectives +of/in ( compares one person or thing to two or more people or
things in the same group) The opposite is the most ....of/in
 much/a lot/far / a little /a bit / slightly +comparative( expresses the degree of difference
between two people or things)
 comparative and comparative ( to show that something is increasing or decreasing)
 the +comparative ....., the+comparative (shows that two things change together , or that
one thing depends on another thing )
 by far +the + superlative(emphasizes the difference between one person or thing and
two or more people or things in the same group ).
Reported Speech - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
Reported speech - statements
Reported speech is the exact meaning of what someone said, but not the exact words. We do
not use quotation marks. The word that can either be used or omitted after the introductory verb
(say, tell, sugest, etc). She said (that) she wouldn't leave at 10 o'clock. ----> Say - Tell
 Say + no personal object. He said he was very hungry.
 Say + to + personal object. He said to us (that) he was very hungry.
 Tell + personal object. He told us (that) he was very hungry.
Expressions used with say, tell and ask.
Say Hello, good morning, something, nothing, so, a prayer, a few words, no more, for certain,
for sure.

Tell The truth, a lie, a story, a secret, a joke, the time, the difference, one from another,
somebody one's name, somebody the way, somebody so, someone's fortune etc .
Ask A question, a favour, the price, after somebody, the time, around, for something, for
somebody, etc .

Reported Statements
 In reported speech, personal, possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives change
according to the meaning of the sentence.
John said ‚"i ‘m having my car repaired".
John said (that) he was having his car repaired.
 We can report someone‘s words either a long time after they were said (out-of-date
reporting) or a short time after they were said (up-to-date reporting ) .
Up-to-date reporting
The tenses can either change or remain the same in reported speech .
Direct speech : Tim said , „i still haven‘t called them".
Reported speech : Tim said (that) he still hasn't /hadn‘t called them .
Out-of-date reporting
The introductory verb is in the past simple and the tenses change as follows :
Direct speech Reported speech
Present simple -> Past simple
My flight leaves at 3 o ‘ clock He said(that) his flight left at 3 o ‘ clock .
Present continuous -> Past continuos
I am playing tennis this afternoon. He said (that) he was playing tennis this afternoon
.
Present perfect-> Past perfect
I have cleaned my room . He said (that) he had cleanead his room.
Past simple-> Past simple or Past perfect
I paid €12 for the video . He said(that) he paid/had paid €12 for the video.

Direct speech Reported speech


Past continuous-> Past continuous or Past perfect continuous
I was driving to York . He said that he was driving /had been driving to
York.
Future (will)-> Conditional (would)
I will tell you tomorrow . He said that he would tell me the next day.
Certain words and time expressions change according to the meaning as follows:
Now-> then , immediately
Today-> that day
Yesterday-> the day before , the previous day
Tomorrow->the next/following day
This week->that week
Last week->the week before , the previous week
Next week->the week after , the following week
Ago->before
Here->there
Come->go
Bring->take
 The verbs tenses remain the same in reported speech when the introductory verb is in
the present, future or present perfect .
Sam has(often) said „politicians are all the same."
Sam has(often) said (that) politicians are all the same.
 the verb tenses can either change or remain the same in reported speech when reportin
a general truth or law of nature
The teacher said , „Crete is an island."
The teacher said (that) Crete is /was an island .

Reported questions

 reported questions are usually introduced with the verbs aks, inquire , wonder or the
expression want to know.
 When the direct question begins with a question word ( who, where , how, when , what ,
etc ) the reported question is introduced with the same question word .
„what time is it,please?" (direct question)
He asked me what time it was. (reported question)
When the direct question begins with an auxiliary (be , do , have ) , or a modal verb ( can ,
may ,etc) then the reported question is introduced with if or whether .
„Are there any apples left?"(direct question)
He asked me if/whether there were any apples left (reported question)
In reported questions , the verb is in the affirmative. The question mark and words/expressions
such as please ,well ,oh , etc are omitted . The verb tenses , pronouns and time expressions
change as in statements.
„Can you tell me when the next train to Leeds is , please"? (direct question)
He asked me when the next train to Leeds was ( reported question)
Reported Orders
To report orders in reported speech , we use the introductory verbs order ot tell +sb + (not) to +
infinitive
„Halt!" (direct order)
He ordered them to halt .(reported order)

Reported Commands/Requests/Suggestions , etc


To report commands , requests, suggestions , intructions , etc, we use a special introductory verb followed by a to-infinitive , -ing form or that-
clause , depending on the introductory verb .
Introductory verb Direct speech Reported speech
+to infinitive „Yes, i'll lend you my car ." He agreed to lend me his
agree car.
claim „I‘m working on this ." He claimed to be working on
it .
demand „I want to leave now." He demanded to leave then .
offer „Would you like me to help you ?" He offered to help me .
Promise or „I promise i'll call you." He promised to call me .
refuse „No, i won‘t do that." He refused to do that.
Threaten „Stop talking or i‘ll give you extra He threatened to give us
homework." extra homework if we didn't
stop talking.
+sb+ to -infinitive „You should try to get fit ." He advised me to try to get
Advise fit.

Allow „You can watch TV." He allowed me to watch TV.


Ask „Please stop talking." He asked me to stop
talking .
Beg „Please, please , help me" He begged me to help him.
Command „Cease fire!" He commanded them to
cease fire.
Encourage „You should come with us." He encouraged me to go
with them .
Forbid „You cannot play loud music at night." He forbade me to play loud
music at night.
invite „Will you come to the party?" He invited me to go to the
party.
order „Drop it!" He ordered me to drop it
remind „Don‘t forget to lock the door" He reminded me to lock the
door.
Warn „Be careful with it " He warned me to be careful
with it .

Introductory verb Direct speech Reported speech


+-ing form „She told Ann everything ." He accused her of telling
Accuse sb of everything to Ann
Admit (to) „Yes, i broke the vase ." He admitted to breaking/
having broken the vase .
Apologive for „I‘m sorry i am late." He apologised for being late.
Boast about/of „I‘m an excellent cook." He boasted of being an
excellent cook.
Complain (to sb) „I feel very tired ." He complained (to me ) of
of /about feeling very tired
Deny „I didn‘t steal the car !" He dinied stealing/ having
stolen the car .
Insist on „I am going to take you out." He insisted on taking me
out .
Suggest „Why don't we eat together ?" He suggested eating
together.
+that clause „It is faster to go by train" He explained that it was
explain faster to go by train
Inform sb „You failed the test." He informed me that i had
failed the test .

Note : to report negative commands and requests we usually use not+to-infinitive


Direct: Mum said , „Don‘t touch the socket !"
Reported:Mum told us not to touch the socket .
 In corversation we use a mixture of statements , commands and questions .When
we turn into reported speech , we use and , as , adding , that , and he / she added
that , because , but , since , etc . Words such as oh! , Oh dear , well , etc. Are
omitted in reported speech .
Direct : „Oh! That‘s a nice skirt. "Ann said to me . „It suits you perfectly."
Reported:Ann said that it was a nice skirt and added that it suited me perfectly.
-Ing form - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
-Ing form: The - ing form is used :
 As a noun . Jogging is good for your health.
 After certain verbs : admit , appreciate , avoid , continue , deny , fancy , go ( for activities
) , imagine, mind , miss , quit , save ,suggest , practice, consider , prevent .
He suggested going out .
 After love , like , enjoy , prefer , dislike , hate to express general preference . Jamie
loves listening to rock music
 After expressions such as be busy , it is no use , it is good , it in not worth , what is the
use of , can not help , there is no point in , can not stand , have difficulty (IN) , have
trouble etc
 After spend , waste or lose ( time , money etc )
 After the preposition to with verbs expressions such as look forward to , be used to , in
addition to , object to , prefer (doing sth to sth else )
 After other prepositions
 After the verbs hear , listen to , notice , see , watch , and feel to describe an incomplete
action .
Difference in meaning between the to -infinitive and -ing form
Some verbs can take either the to-infinitive or the -ing form with a change in meaning
 Forget + to -infinitive = not remember
Forget + -ing form = not recall
 Remember + to infinitive = not forget
Remember +-ing form=recall
 Mean + to - infinitive =intend to
Mean + - ing form = involve
 Regret + to -infinitive= be sorry to (normally used in the present simple with verbs such
as say , tell , inform )
Regret + -ing form = feel sorry about
 Try + to-infinitive = do one ‘s best
Try + -ing form = do something as an experiment
 Stop + to -infinitive = stop temporarily
Stop + -ing form = finish doing something
Conditionals - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
Type 2 and 3 Conditionals
Conditionals Type 2 (unreal present) are used to express imaginary situations which are
contrary to facts in the present, and therefore are unlikely to happen in the present or the future.
We can use either was or were for i, he, she, it, in the if -clause. We can also use the
structure if i were you .... to give advice.
If + past simple / past continuous -> would / could / might +present bare infinitive
If i knew how to do it, i would help.
If Bill was working today , we would see him .
If i were , i would tell her the truth .
Conditionals Type 3 (unreal past) are used to express imaginary situations which are
contrary to facts in the past. They are also used to express regrets or criticism .
If + past perfect /past perfect continuous -> would /could /might +perfect bare infinitive
If they had asked me , i would have helped .
If i hadn‘t been working today , we would have gone to the beach.

Type 0/1 Conditionals:


Type 0 conditionals are used to express a general truth or a scientific fact. In this type of
conditional we can use when instead of if.

If -clause Main Clause

If /when + present simple ->present simple

If /when you mix black and white paint, you get grey.

Type 1 conditionals are used to express a real or very probable situation in the present
or future.

If -clause Main Clause

If + present-> future simple, imperative, can /must /may etc + bare infinitive

If I finish work early tonight , i will /might /etc go out with Tony.

When the hypothesis comes before the main clause , we separate them with a comma. When
the main clause comes before the if-clause , then we do not use a comma to separate them.
Note: with type 1 conditionals we can use unless+ affirmative verb (=if +negative verb ) . i
will not be able to come unless Bill gives me a lift . (= if Bill does not give a lift , ...)

Mixed Conditionals
We can form mixed conditionals , if the context permits it , by combining an if-clause from one
type with a main clause from another .
If -clause Main Clause
Type 2 Type 1
If he came back late last night he won't be on time for work today .

Type 2 Type 3
If i were polite You wouldn't have talked to him like that .
Type 3 Type 2
If he hadn't missed the bus he would be here now.
Wishes - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
Wishes: We can use wish/if only to express a wish. 1. Verb Tense + past simple / past
continuous (we use it to say that we would like something to be different about a present
situation). Example: I wish i was on holiday now (but i am not ). if only i were going with
them (but i am not) 2. Verb Tense + past perfect (we use it to express regret about
something which happened or did not happen in the past).
Examples:
 I wish i had passed the exams (but i did not).
 If only she hadn´t lied to me (but she did).

3. Verb Tense +subject + would + bare inf.


we use it To express:
 A polite imperative
 A desire for a situation or person's behavior to change
Examples:
 I wish you would stop talking .
 If only it would stop snowing.

Note :
 If only is used in exactly the same way as wish but it is more emphatic or more
dramatic.
 We can use were instead of was after wish and if only.
Table:

Verb Tense Use

+past simple/ past I wish i was on holiday now (but i am To say that we would like
continuous not ). if only i were going with them (but something to be different about a
i am not) present situation

+ past perfect I wish i had passed the exams (but i To express regret about
did not). something which happened or did
If only she hadn´t lied to me (but she not happen in the past .
did).

+ subject + would + I wish you would stop talking. To express:


bare inf. If only it would stop snowing.  A polite imperative
 A desire for a situation or
person's behavior to
change
The unreal past - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

The past simple can be used to refer to the present when we talk about imaginary, unreal or
impossible situations which are contrary to facts in the present. The past perfect can be used
to refer to imaginary, unreal or impossible situations which are contrary to facts in the past.
The past simple is used with:
 Type 2 Conditionals - If he had money, he would move to another house.
 Suppose/supposing - Suppose/supposing he lied to you, what would you do ?
 Wish /if only - I wish /if only I had more space
 Would rather (present) - I would rather you left now.
 As if /as though - Ronald acts as if / as though he owned the place.
 It is (about /high) time - it is (about / high) time you went to bed.

The past perfect is used with :


 Type 3 Conditionals - if he had not been so rude , he would not have been
punished.
 Suppose/supposing - suppose/supposing you had been in a position to help ,
would you have done so?
 Wish /if only - I wish/ if only I had not lied .
 Would rather ( past ) - I would rather you had not told the truth
 As if / as though - he spoke about Strauss as though / as if he had been a personal
friend.
Present Simple in Lb. Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
Present Simple. Forma: SB + VB. Se foloseste pentru: a) actiuni obisnuite repetate cu
adverbe de frecventa(usually, often, always, realy). Adverbele de frecventa se pun
intre SB si VB la verbele notionale si dupa la verbe auxiliar. Exemplu: I often go to school by
bus. I can never understand such people. b) actiuni care au loc dupa un orar fix.
Exemplu: The train leaves at 4:40. c) se foloseste petru regulamente, legi, etc. Exemplu: The
earth speands around the sun. Water boils at 100 degrads. d) se foloseste pentru
demonstratii culinare si comentarii sportive. Exemplu: He now kiks the ball. Now I mix the
flower with the sugar. e) in conditionale si temporale cand verbul din principala este la
viitor. Exemplu: I will come when the rain stops.
Present Continuous in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Present Continuous. Form: SB + am, are, is + VB ing. Se foloseste dupa: a) actiuni care au
loc in prezent si fac exceptie de la regula. I usually drink tea in the morning, but this morning
I am drinking coffee. b) pentru actiuni care vor avea loc in viitor dar sunt planuite in
prezent. I am visiting my parents tomorrow. c) cand vorbitorul este iritat de situatie. You are
always complaining about something.
REGULA: unele verbe nu au aspect continuu: to have, to posses, to own.
To have are aspect continuu in expresii: I am having tea now. To be are aspect continuu la
diateza activa, exceptie cand arata o exceptie: The boy is usually good but today he is being
nasty. Verbele de perceptie senzoriala se folosesc ca sa exprimam o actiune in momentul
vorbirii. Un astfel de verb este can: I can see a car in the street.Taste, smell, touch, au aspect
continuu numai daca au complement direct: I am tasting the soup. See are aspect continuu
cand se traduce prin: "a se duce la doctor", "a vizita": I am seeing the doctor tomorrow. Verbele
de intelect:belive, think, forget, understand, want, mean, suppose, suspect, know.
Think are aspect continuu cand inseamna "a medita" nu "a crede": I am thinking of doing my
homework now. Consider are aspect continuu cand inseamna "a lua in seama": I am
considering your offert.
Present Perfect in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Present Perfect. Forma: SB+have/has+Vb ed/III. Se foloseste dupa: a) evenimente recente


in care nu este specificat timpul. Exemplu: We have missed the train. b) actiuni care au
inceput in trecut si continua si in prezent. Actiune terminate al carui moment nu este
precizat. Exemplu: I have known my deskmate for 6 years.c) cu adverbe de
genul: already care devine yet in propozitiile negative si interogativ, always, so far. Exemplu: I
have already seen this film. d) cu adverbele for si since; for arata durata actiunii si since
arata inceputul actiunii. Exemplu: I have known him for 20 years. c) cand nu se specifica
timpul cand a avut loc actiunea se folosesc adverbele up to now, already, yet, lately, ever.
Already se pune intre SB si VB dar daca vorbitorul este mirat se pune: Have they come
already?
Regula: just now + Past Tense.
d) cand autorul este in viata se pune Prezent Perfect. Exemplu: Paunescu has written poems.
Present Perfect Continuous in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Present Perfect Continuous: Forma: SB + have/has been + VB ing Se foloseste: a) cand


actiunea este inca in vigoare; b) arata o actiune care a inceput in trecut si continua si in
prezent. Exemplu: I have been reading for 10 minutes. c) o actiune care nu e
terminata. Exemplu: I have been cleaning the house but i still haven't finished.d) o actiune
recent terminata. Exemplu: I have been runing; that is why I look hot.
REGULA: Dupa since se foloseste Past Tense. Exemplu: She has been sitting in the sofa
since you left. DAR daca actiunea este de actualitate se foloseste Present Perfect.
Past Tense Simple in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Past Tense Simple: Forma: SB+VB ed/fr.III Se foloseste pentru: a) actiuni complete,
obiceiuri zilnice, etc.Exemplu: In those days I didn't like reading. b) o actiune care s-a
intamplat la un anumit moment in trecut.Exemplu: They spent their holidays in England last
winter. c) actiuni care se intampla una dupa alta in trecut.Exemplu: First he read the
sms.Then he called his boss. d) pentru lucruri obisnuite care s-au intamplat in trecut dar
acum s-au terminat. Exemplu: People used to travel/travelled by carriage in those days. e)
pentru a vorbi despre oameni care nu mai sunt in viata. Exemplu: Marilyn Monroe starred in
a number of succesful films. f) se foloseste cu adverbe de genul:yesterday,last week, ago,
then, when.
REGULA: cand avem WHEN intr-o propozitie interogativa se foloseste PAST TENSE.
Past Tense Continuous in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Past Tense Continuous: Forma: SB+was/were + VB ing Se foloseste: a) in special pentru a


critica ceva sau pe cineva, pentru a descrie evenimente. b) pentru o actiune in
desfasurare intr-un anumit moment al trecutului, cand se intrerupe sirul
evenimentelor. Exemplu: While I was opening the letter the phone rang. I was reading when
you came. c) pentru o actiune in desfasurare cand alta actiune o intrerupe (pentru
actiunea intrerupta se foloseste Past Simple). Exemplu: He was walking when he slipped on
a banana skin. d) pentru doua sau mai multe actiuni simultane in trecut. Exemplu: She was
singing the song while he was playing the guitar. e) pentru a descrie atmosfera, in
introducerea unei povesti. Exemplu: The sun was shining and the birds were singing.
Past Perfect Simple in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie.

Past Perfect Simple: Forma: SB+had+VB ed /fr.III. Arata o actiune care s-a petrecut inaintea
altei actiuni din trecut si este incheiata. Exemplu: I had eaten when you came.
Reguli - Past Perfect Continuous in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
Past Perfect Continuous Forma: SB + had been + VB ing. Arata o actiune in desfasurare care
a inceput inaintea altei actiuni din trecut si poate continua si dupa aceasta. Exemplu: When I
arrived in Sibiu it had been raining for 3 days.
Reguli - Modalitati de exprimare a viitorului - in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de
Politie
Future Perfect Simple: WILL+ HAVE+ VB ed. Se foloseste pentru o actiune terminata la un
moment dat in viitor. Exemplu: By the end of today we will have driven over 250 km.Future
Perfect Continuous: WILL+ HAVE BEEN + VB ing. Se foloseste cand actiunea este in
desfasurare. Exemplu: On 21 May I will have been living here for exactly 10 years.
Future in the Past: SB + VB + WOULD + VB at short infinitive
 I knew he would talk about me.

Future Simple:
Exprima o actiune in viitor fara o anume specificatie:
 a) presupunerea: It will be Peter?
 b) o hotarare luata pe moment: I am hungry. I will bring you something to eat.

Future Continuous:
Exprima o actiune in desfasurare intr-un anumit moment al viitorului.
 At this time next year I will be laying on a tropical beach.

Future with Present Simple:


 The train leaves at 3 p.m.

Future with Going To:


Exprima:
 a) intentia: I am going to read a novel this week.
 b) o actiune prevestita deja prin anumite semne: The sky is cloudy is going to rain.

Future with To be about to:


 The train is about to leave.
Future with To be + Infinitive:
 This week I am to wash the dishes.

Future with To be due to:


Exprima o actiune organizata dupa un orar.
 The train is due to come at 5.
Regula: cand in principala avem viitor , daca actiunea din temporala este anterioara celei din
principala atunci in loc de prezent avem prezent perfect :
I will came after I have visited the town.
Reguli - Diateza Pasiva in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Forma: To be (la timpul cerut) + Participiu Trecut. Nominativul cu Infinitivul se foloseste cu


verbe ca: to say, to belive, think, tell, rumour, consider, expect. He is said to be living in
Spain. Regula: daca cel de-al doilea verb exprima o actiune anterioara momentului vorbirii in
loc de Infinitiv punem Infinitiv Trecut. Exemplu: She is known to have won the
price. Cauzative: get, have se foloseste cand actiunea este facuta de altcineva in beneficiul tau.
Forma: SB + VB to have/get la timpul cerut de context + compl. direct + Participiu
Trecut.Exemplu: I have a tooth filled yesterday.
Reguli - Verbs + ing in Lb.Romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie
Gerundul se foloseste: a) pentru a denumi actiunea verbului: Reading is a relaxing
activity. b) dupa prepozitii: After reading I went for a walk. c) dupa verbe de sentiment:love,
hate, like. I hate getting up early. d) dupa verbe care arata inceputul, continuarea si sfarsitul
actiunii: begin, start, stop, go on. He started crying. e) dupa verbe, adjective, substantive cu
prepozitii obligatorii. I succed in ... I am keen on...
 f) dupa phrasal verbs.
go on + gerund = continuarea actiunii
We go on reading.
go on + infinitive = se schimba actiunea
try + infinitive = a incerca
I tried to play tennis but i couldn't.
try+gerund = exprima o incercare, unexperiment.
mean + infinitive = a insemna
mean+gerund = a intentiona
stop + infinitive = termini de facut ceva
stop + gerund = te opresti din activitate temporar

remember + gerund = a rememora


I remember seeing Anna.
remember + infinitive = nu uita!
Did you remember to lock the door ?
 g) expresii care cer gerundul:
don't mind going there
can't stand
can't help
look forward to
feel like
get used to
be used to
 h) dupa unele verbe: avoid, miss, risk, suggest, fancy, dread.
 i) verbe care cer Infinitivul: arrange, help, seem, afford, fail
 j) dupa verbe tranzitive: to assist somebody(to/in)
to force somebody(to/into)
to remind somebody(to/of)
 k) dupa verbe intranzitive: to aim(to/at)
to bother(to/about)
to hesitate(to/about)
Se foloseste dupa:
Substantive cu prepozitii obligatorii:
 cause, reason, doubt + (about/for)
 belief, confidence, difficulty, experience, faith, interest, luck, praid + (in)
 favour, habit, hope, intention, point + (of)
 contribution, objection, opposition + (to)
Adjective cu prepozitii obligatorii :
 angry, anxious, happy, sure, worried + (about)
 angry, estonished, bad, delighted, expert, good, skillful, surprised + (at)
 excelent, famous, sorry, useful, suitable + (for)
 constant, correct, fortunate, helpful, interesed, late, right, slow + (in)
 affraid, capable, fond, tired + (of)
 keen, based, dependent + (on)
 equal, used + (to)
 bored, happy, furious, content, delighted, satisfied + (with)
Verbe cu prepozitii obligatorii:
 dream, learn, worry, complain + (about)
 aim, hesitate + (at)
 begin, end, conclude + (by)
 care, appologise + (for)
 recover, prevent, refrain + (from)
 succed, participate, delight, consist, believe + (in)
 think, consist, complain, approve, accuse, hear, aid + (of)
 focus, insist, keen, leave, count, agree + (on)
 refer, look forward, object, connect + (to)
 agree + (with)
Reported Speech - Explicat in limba romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

La trecerea in vorbirea indirecta apar urmatoarele transformari cand "reporting verbs" sunt
la Past Tense sauPast Perfect. La Present sau Present Perfect nu apar
transformari: Imperativul trece la Infinitiv: go to the door -> he asked me to go; don't run -> he
told me not to run. Prezentul trece in Past Tense: I am a good dancer -> He said he was a
good dancer.
Past Tense si Present Perfect devin Past Perfect:
 I have worked here a few years ago -> He said he had worked here a few years ago.
Future devine Future in the Past:
I will come soon -> He said he would came soon.
Mai apar unele transformari:
 here->there
 now->at that time, then
 these->those
 today->that day
 tomorrow->the following day
 ago/last->before
 next->the next
 come->go
 my->his
 this->that
 can->could
 may->might
Nu apar transformari:
 Cand avem adevaruri general valabile: He said that the Earth spinns around the sun.
 In conditionalele de tipul doi si trei.
 Past Tense ramane neschimbat in temporale: He said he dropped the bag while he was
running.
Reguli:
 No sooner + Past Perfect prin inversiune + Than + Past Tense: No sooner had I
entered the house than the phone rang.
 Hardly + Past Perfect prin inversiune + When + Past Tense: Hardly had I entered the
house when the phone rang.
 Scarcely + Past Perfect prin inversiune + When + Past Tense
 It's high time + Vb fr III
 Although + Present Perfect Continuous
Subjonctiv - Explicat in limba romana - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

I. Subjonctivul Sintetic: timp al indicativului cerut de: as if, as tough, is time, it it high time, if
only, had better, would rather, wish:
 cand actiunile din principala si din subordonata sunt simultane -> Past Tense. Ex: As
vrea sa fii aici = I wish you were here.
 cand actiunea din subordonata este anterioara -> Past Perfect. Ex: As vrea sa fi fost
prezent acolo = I wish you had been present there.
 cand actiunea din subordonata este posterioara -> would + infinitive. Ex: Mi-as dori sa
vii la ziua mea anul viitor = I wish you would came to my birthday next year.
II.Subjonctivul Analitic: se formeaza dintr-un verb modal si infinitiv. Se foloseste cand in
principala avem: verbe, adjective, substantive care exprima dorinta, indemn, ordin, sugestie. Se
foloseste si dupa expresiile: it's odd, it's strange, it's normal, etc.
 E necesar ca ei sa vina la timp -> It's necessary that they would/should come in time.
Regula: Modalul poate fi omis si ramane infinitivul scurt (subjonctivul american): The teacher
asked that the students read the book.
Exista si expresii care cer subjonctivul:
 may you be happy,
 come what may,
 come as it may,
 so be it,
 good bless you,
 good forbed,
 come spring,
 if need be,
 that as it may.
Verbele Modale - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 Might/May + Infinitive -> posibilitate in prezent. Exemplu: They may be at home, I am


not sure.
 Might/May + Infinitivul la aspectul continuu -> actiunea in prezent in
desfasurare. Exemplu: It may be raining.
 Might/may + Infinitivul Trecut -> posibilitatea in trecut sau repros. Exemplu: You might
have told me that you came.
 Can/Could + Infinitiv Prezent -> permisiunea. Exemplu: You can go if you want.
 Can/Could + Infinitiv Prezent -> abilitatea in prezent. Exemplu: I can speak English.
 Can/Could + Infinitiv Trecut -> imposibilitatea in trecut; abilitate nefolosita uneori cu
nuanta de repros; deductie negativa. Exemplu: He could have come earlier but he did
not. It can't be Tom. He couldn't have done such a thing.
 To be able to -> exprima o performanta, o actiune facuta in ciuda mai multor piedici.
Exemplu: He was able to get to the shore althogh there were weaves.
Must arata:
 necesitate generala: You must be careful.
 obligatie pe care vorbitorul si-o impune siesi sau altora: You must stay here.
 obligatie urgenta: You must be here at 11.
 reguli, regulamente.
 deductie logica: despre prezent -> must + infinitiv prezent: He must be at home it's 5
o'clock.
despre trecut -> must + infinitiv trecut: John must have written this letter
I know his hand writing.
 probabilitatea: It had snowed it must be cold.

Must = To have to; Interogativul lui to have to este cu do.


To have to arata obligatia zilnica sau obligatia impusa din afara:
 I have to make my bed everyday.
 I have to be at the office at 8.
Have got to arata obligatia limitata la o anumita situatie.
 Today I have got to be at the office at 7 but I usually have to be there at 8.

Musn't arata interdictia, prohibitia.


 You musn't smoke here.
Needn't + infinitive arata lipsa obligatiei ca si don't have to .
Needn't + infinitiv trecut arata o actiune care nu era necesara dar a fost facuta.
 You needn't have watered the flowers because it have rained .

Didn't need to arata o actiune care nu era necesara si nici nu a fost facuta.
 I didn't need to wake up early as it was bankholiday.
Shall la persoana I. la interogativ cere sfaturi.
 Shall I put on my new dress?

Shall la persoana a II a si a III a arata hotararea.


 I shall punish you.

Should arata un sfat politicos ca si Ought to


 You should read the book.
Should mai arata si mirarea, indignarea, este folosit cu sens retoric .
 Why should he do such a thing ?

In propozitii conditionale Should arata ca actiunea este foarte greu de indeplinit si se traduce
prin "de cumva".
 If you should see him send him my regards.

Would Rather + Infinitiv scurt exprima preferinta:


 I would rather stay at home than go outside.

Daca avem doua subiecte folosim regula subjonctivului analitic:


 I would rather you stayed at home than go out.

Un alt mod de a exprima preferinta: Prefer + ing + to + ing:


 I prefer reading to watching a film.

Had Better exprima sfatul, recomandarea:


 You had better stay in bed until you recover.

Used to + Infinitiv exprima o actiune care se facea in trecut dar nu se mai face:
 There used to be a lot of people.

To get used to = a se obisnui cu ceva ; I got used to sleeping much.


Would + Infinitive arata repetata in trecut.
Will modal exprima:
 invitatia: Will you sit down
 cererea: Will you give me some coffee
 o actiune care caracterizeaza pe cineva: He will watch TV for hours every week.
 hotararea: I will help you.
 o caracteristica inevitabila a cuiva: Children will be children.
 will devine would in vorbirea indirecta.
 won't se foloseste impreuna cu obiecte, aratand ca obiectul respectiv nu-si face
treaba: The car won't stop.
 pentru persoane won't respectiv wouldn't arata ca persoana nu vrea sa faca o
actiune: I told her to go but she would't lisen to me.
Adjectivul - Reguli Importante - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 Adjectivele care arata atitudinea fata de cineva sunt redate cu to: Exemplu: He was
rude to me.
 Expresia cu cat, cu atat se reda: the + comparativ. Exemplu: The sooner, the better.
 Superlativ relativ cand avem doua elemente comparative: the +
comparativ. Exemplu: I've got two oranges, take the bigger.
 Comparativ+and+comparativ = din ce in ce mai: Exemplu: It is getting darker and
darker.
 By far more interesting = pe departe mai interesant.
 Regula: adjectivul "old" cand sta pe langa un substantiv denumind un membru al familiei
devine "er", "est":Exemplu: my elder/ eldest sister.
 Regula: cand avem un intreg format din doua parti: the former, the latter.

Gradele de comparatie:
 good-better-the best
 bad/ill-worse-the worst
 many/much-more-the most
 far-farther-the farthest (pentru distante)
 further-the furthest
Substantivul - Reguli Importante - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 Cele mai multe substantive individuale fac pluralul in "-s": book->books


 Dupa consoanele surde: p, z, k, f: cap->caps ; hat->hats
 Dupa consoanele sonore si vocale -s se citeste -z: pencil->pencils; car->cars
 Dupa s, z se pune es si se citeste "iz": case->cases
 Substantivele in -ch, -sh, -s, -c sau -zz fac pluralul in -es: peach->peaches; bush-
>bushes
 Cand substantivele se termina in "y" precedate de consoane, "y-ul" se transforma in "i"
+ "es" : fly->flies
Dar cand "y" este precedat de vocala se adauga "s": play->plays
 Substantivele in "-f" si "-fe" primesc -(e)s cu transformarea lui "f" in "v": leaf -> leaves
 Substantivele terminate in "o" precedate de o consoana primesc "-es": patato-
>patatoes
Exceptie sunt substantivele din domeniul artei:
 tango->tangos
 concerto->concertos
 piano->pianos

Substantivele provenite din prescurtari: kilo->kilos


 Unele substantive primesc "s" sau "es" la alegere: volcano-> volcanos
cargo->cargos
NOTA: Primesc doar "s" substantivele care inainte de "o" au vocala.

Substantivele cu plural neregulat:


 man->men
 woman->women
 child->children
 die->dice
 ox->oxen
 foot->feet
 tooth->teeth
 mouse->mice
 lause->lice
 brother->brethren

Plurale imprumutate din alte limbi:


Substantive terminate in "um" provenite din limba latina primesc "a" :
 addendum->addenda
 datum->data
Substantivele terminate in "us" primesc "i" care se citeste "ai" :
 stimulus->stimuli
 fungus->fungi
Substantivele din greaca terminate in "on" primesc "a" :
 phenomenon->phenomena
 criterion->criteria
Substantivele in "is" il transforma pe ultimul "i" in "e" :
 basis->bases
 crisis->crises
Substantivele formate din doua substantive dintre care unul are rol de atribut primesc "s" la
substantivul de baza:
 boy friend -> boy friends

Substantivele formate dintr-o prepozitie si un alt substantiv primesc "s" la substantiv:


 on looker-> on lookers

Substantivele formate dintr-un verb si prepozitie primesc "s" la prepozitie:


 take off-> take offs
Exceptie: substantivele care au in componenta lor man , woman : man servant -> men servants
Substantivele nume de popoare:
 Spaniard->Spaniards
Exceptie: Nu se adauga "s" la numele de popoare terminate in "ese": Japonese.
Substantivele nume de popoare care au in componenta lor man sau woman trec la plural astfel:
 English man-> English men
Substantivele colective: family , crew , party , team :
 Se folosesc cu verbe la singular cand se refera la unitate: My family is small
 Se folosesc cu verbe la plural cand se refera la toti membrii: My family were sleeping
when I arrived home.
Substantivele: news , information, advice, knowledge, homework, housework, furniture,
money, evidence , income, progress.
 Nu primesc "s" la plural si se folosesc cu verbe la singular
 Se folosesc cu much nu cu many si little nu few.
 Se cuantifica folosind: a piece of, an item of. Pentru furniture se mai foloseste: an article
of .
Substantivele formate din doua parti simetrice se folosesc cu verbe la plural: tongs, scissors,
glasses, binoculars.
 Se cuantifica cu "a pair of " .

Unele substantive cu nume de animale nu primesc "s" dar se folosesc cu verbe la plural:
 sheep -> the sheep are in the field; cattle, throat, fish, deer, salmon .

Substantivele provenite din adjective si participii trecute nu primesc "s": the rich, the poor, the
sick, the dead, etc.
Numai forme de plural au substantivele:
a) discipline: mathematics, physics, dynamics,cybernetics
b) boli: measles, mumps
c) jocuri: billiards, skittles
Aceste substantive se acorda cu verbe la singular.
Articolul hotarat "The" - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Articolul Hotarat "The" se aseaza inaintea cuvintelor care le determina. Cand insoteste
adjectivele all, both se aseaza dupa both (both the novels). Arata ca substantivul inaintea caruia
a fost mentionat in cursul discutiei. Un numar de substantive sunt obligatoriu insotite de articolul
hotarat: the humanaties, the forefront.
Poate indeplini functia gradelor de a transforma adjectivele in substantive:
 abstracte unice: beautiful (adj), the beautiful (substantive)
 ale pluralitatii: poor (adj), the poor (substantive)
 individuale ale pluralitatii: unemployed (adj), the unemployed (substantive)

Articolul Hotarat "The" se foloseste pentru:


 lacuri, oceane, insule, peninsule, tari formate din doua sau mai multe cuvinte: SUA, UK ,
lanturi muntoase "The Alpes"
 institutii The National Theatre, vapoare, avioane, ziare, corpuri ceresti: the sun.
 In expresii: for the time, on the whole, at the beginnig, in the end, in the morning, by the
way, in the seventh heaven, at the least, the day after tomorrow, to have been through
the mill.
"There is" dupa articolul hotarat inseamna iata: There is the postman coming.
Articolul Zero - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Articolul Zero se foloseste pentru:


 orase, tari, mesele zilei, abstractiuni: love science, life, order.
 substantivele la plural cand nu sunt determinate: Women like jewelry. Daca sunt
determinate se pune"the": The women in this country like jewelry.
 substantive nume de materie: Sugar is a sweet substance. dar: The sugar over there.
 anotimpuri: spring
 in expresii: at school, at home.
 cu substantive: school, university, church, work: London University. Dar cand avem
UNIVERSITATE + ORAS se pune articoul: The University of London
 in expresia: act as + substantivul zero: act as interpreter.
 substantive comune asociate cu numerale: room 10 , chapter 2 .
 denumirea titlurilor: Profesor Jones.
 denumirea limbilor: Romanian, French.
 substantive aflate la "nominativul adresarii"(vocativ): Good morning uncle.
 functii numerice-nehotarate (substantive care nu sunt folosite in sensul lor cel mai
general): in the shop window one could see books, maps, pictures.
Omisiunea articolului se face:
 reguli gramaticale obisnuite: atom is one of the smallest particule of the matter
(norma stiintifica)
 indicatii scenice: George goes table left.
 in exprimarea poetice, unele nume proprii care in mod normal sunt folosite cu
articol hotarat apar fara:Thames in loc de: The Thames .
 articolul poate fi omis ca manierism stilistic, stilul gazetaresc: Man is fined; Trial
over.
Collocations - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

COLLOCATIONS:
 Break out of prison
 Take / made a stand on/against sth
 Make an arrest
 Pay for one's crime
 Make amends for
 Do one's bit
 Take the blame
 Pay a fine
 Break or pass a law
 Lay down the law
 Serve time in prison
 Serve sb with a warrant
 Commit a crime
 Plead guilty
 Give a verdict
 Give evidence
Collocations Tables:

get gain Win earn


 x  x  x Control of a situation
 x  x  x  x Promotion
 x  x The title
 x  x  x  x Sb's respect
 x  x  x  x A reputation
 x  x  x The right to do sth
 x  x Experience
 x  x  x A salary
 x One ‘s living
 x  x The advantage

book do have take


 x  x Time to relax
 x It easy
 x An on-line
crossword
 x  x  x A soothing bath
 x  x Tickets for a
match
 x An extravagant
dinner
 x A party
 x Close friends over
 x A table for two
 x  x A weekend break

COLLOCATIONS:
 Technological warfare/era
 Automated factory/appliances
 New age pshilosophy/travellers
 Scientific inquiry/journal
 High-tech gadgetry/industry
 Experimental stage/research
 Space exploration/station
 Digital voice discs /camera

COLLOCATIONS:
 Do experimental work
 Make advances in one ‘s field
 Have a successful mission
 Make an important dicovery
 Make an important obsevation
 Do ground -breaking research
 Have a life changing experience
 Have evidence of sth
 Hold a demonstration
 Make a change for the better
 Do a scientific project
 Hold an international conference

COLLOCATIONS:
 First class /Masters's degree
 Higher /first-rate education
 Correspondence/refresher course
 Compulsory /formal schooling
 Post graduate /2-year diploma
 Long-distance/accelerated learning
 Tuition/registration fees
 School-leaving/medical certificate
 School-leaving/medical certificate

Sit Get Have Do


 x  x Good marks
 x  x  x An exam
 x One's homework
 x For one's finals
 x Expelled/suspended
 x An Easter break
 x A bioligy project
 x Extracurricular activities

COLLOCATIONS:
 Changing room
 Dress code
 Evening wear
 Sleeveless top
 Cosmetic surgery
 Skin care
 Tailored suit
 Well-defined features

COLLOCATIONS:
 Buyers'/flea endorsements
 Best-selling /household products
 Celebrity/government market
 Aggressive /effective marketing
 Subliminal/coded messages
 Pop/religious icons
Lista Cuvinte & Expresii de Invatat - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Lista de Cuvinte si Expresii de Invatat pentru Examenul de Admitere la Academia de


Politie:
 Claw my way back = reach a particular place
 Hurdles block your path to success = cursa care te impiedica catre succes
 Keep plugging away = continue doing something despite difficulties
 Inch your way towards = to move slowly and gradually
 Put things into perspective = a pune lucrurile in ordinea prioritatii
 Side-tracked = to delay the progress of something by causing people to waste time
 Tackling = to make an attempt to deal with a problem .
 Boost = stimulate your opinions
 Assertive = o persoana care nu accepta orice
 Nerve- racking = very nervous or worried /frightening
 Hurdle = something blocking one ‘s way
 Insurmountable = impossible to overcome
 Second nature = automatic
 Detrimental = damaging
 Main objective = obiectivul principal
 Breaktrought = descoperire importanta
 Resolution = promisiune catre tine
 Eavesdrop = a trage cu urechea
 Loom = a se ivi
 Milestone = eveniment foarte important
 Beaming = radiand
 Incivility = lipsa de politete
 Ingrates = ingrati
 Affluent = bogat
 Elimination = eliminare
 Massively = masiv
 Prosaic = prozaic, fara imaginatie
 Dismay = consternare
 Gratifying = agreabil
 Enduring = durabil
 Innovations = inovatii
 Ravenous = morti de foame
 Repels = cause to dislike
 Quandory = dilema
 Harrowing = chin
 Gruelling = istovitor
 Mirely = aproape
 Blockbuster = de succes
 Compulsory = obligatoriu
 Desolate = pustiu
 Windswept = batut de vant
 Startling = surprinzator
 Chilly = rece
 Bare = dezvalui
 Slippery = alunecos
 Innumerable = nenumarabil
 Perplexing = uimitoare
 Conscientious = constiincios
 Diverse = diferit, deosebit
 Stable = stabil
 Mere = pur si simplu
 Bitter = amar
 Dismal = intunecat
 Protracted misery = suferinta prelungita
 Tied the knot = legat de maini si de picioare
 Embarked = angajat
 Get across = be understood
 Taken a back seat = emotii
 Come in handy = la indemana
 Jump in = a intrerupe
 Tap into = make use of
 Get the hang of it = a prinde sensul
 Trigger off = a declansa
 Look up to = a privi cu admiratie
 Track = a urmari
 Booming = in plina expansiune
 Spokesperson = purtator de cuvant al ...
 Prohibit = a interzice
 Accurate = exact
 Gauge = indicator
 Fine = amenda
 Prosecutor = procuror
 Constable = ofiter
 Barrister = avocat pledant
 Embezzlement = delapidare
 Mugging = jaf
 Manslaughter = omor prin imprudenta
 Slander = calomnie
 Lad = flacau
 Conffered = oferit cu ocazia ...
 Ancient = vechi
 Tricky = inselator
 Misery = mizerie
 Baffing = a zapaci
 Lingering = zabovitor
 Conjures up = a reiesi din ceva
 Mimic = imitator
 Fool = a pacali
 Deadline = data limita
 Feuds = dispute
 Hype = publicitate
 Camps = lagare
 Pull off = achieved
 Cause a stir = a crea publicitate
 In limbo = the place between heaven and hell
 Evocative = think of something you experinced in the past
 Uttered = to say something , to make a sound
 Cut off = to stop the supply of something or stop working
 Transfixed = so surprised, shoked or interested that you continue to look without moving
 Shabby = old and in a bad condition
 Hitch = travel by asking other people to take you in their car
 Make out = pretend
 Leap = move somewhere suddenly and quickly
 Blunders = greseli
 Exhausting = epuizant
 Pattern = patern
 Bolt to = a se repezi
 Mind-numbing = a intepeni
 Arduous = aspru
 Mundane = monden
 Strenuous = energic
 White collar = lucrator de birou
 Blue collar = tehnician
 Still green collar = lucrator fara experienta
 Into the red = fara ce ii trebuie
 Long gone = apuse
 Red-handed = vinovat
 Sacked, laid off, dismissed = disponibilizat
 Readily = cu usurinta
 Pilot = ghid experimental
 Devised = creat
 Core hours = miez
 Commitments = angajamente
 Adamant = bronz
 Backhanded = nesincer
 Stifle = a asfixia
 Backlog = intarzierile
 Incentive = stimulare
 Dispelled = spulberate
 Propelled = propulsate
 Intrigued = intrigat
 Contract = contracta
 Credit for = recunoastere
 Trigger = a declansa
 Willow = salcie
 Distinctive = diferit
 Diligent = silitor
 In the flash = in realitate
 Clinched = a fi batut in cuie
 Inclination = inclinatie
 Immersed = scufundate
 Mystified = intrigat
 Feel for = understanding
 Broad = bord
 Debate = dezbatere
 Key = solutie
 Flick through = a rasfoi
 Discarding = a sterge
 Oxymoron = figura de stil se foloseste cand doi termeni opusui apar impreuna
 Bribed = mituit
 Coerce = constrangere
 Paramount = extrem
 Voracious = vorace, lacom
 Lugged = a munci
 Perverse = stricat
 Inhabit = dobandite
 Restraint = restrangere
 Yern = dorinta
 Wayward = rebel
 Trite = standard
 Gone downhill = a se strica
 Otherwise = altfel
 Fortuitously = by chance
 Rag trade = comet cu haine
 Stuntman = cascador
 Reportedly = relatari
 Undetected = not noticed
 Hailed = salutat
 Ethereal = diafan
 Trickery = siretlic
 Surfaced = appeared
 Irrefutable = indisputable
 Succumbed = a ceda
 Demise = death
 Prank = joke
 Communal = collective
 Go off the boil = a-si pierde entuziasmul
 Ditch = get rid of /abandon
 Overheads = cheltuieli generale
 Hit the spot = be just the right thing
 Undercut = subcotat
 Stock = rezerva
 Witty = plin de duh, spiritual
 Achingly = dureros
 Stances = pozitii
 Arouse = a starni
 Endorsements = mentiuni
 Panellist = membrii comisiei
 Embodied = intruchipat
 Pronounced = pronuntat
 Decipher = descifra
 Lean back = a sta relaxat
 Ads = reclama
 Shift = schimbare
Fixed Phrases with: on, well, at, of, against, in, on, under, by, down, carry, etc. - Engleza Admitere
Academia de Politie

FIXED PHRASES Wide List:


 On the off-chance = just in case
 On second thoughts = after re-consideration
 On a whim = impulsively
 On a budget = with a limited amount of money
 On principle = due to a belief
 On one's own = independently
 On target = as planned
 On duty = working
 On purpose = intentionally
 On condition that = if only
 Well -heeled = bogat
 Well brought up = bine crescut
 Well spoken = vorbit de bine
 Well thought of = despre care se gandeste de bine
 At least= cel putin
 At large = a scapa
 At last = in cele din urma
 At present = in prezent
 At a loss = in incurcatura
 At times = uneori
 At odds with = a fi certat cu
 At a standstill = la un impas
 At a glance = dintr-o privire
 At a loose end = a fi intr-o incurcatura
 Heart of gold = very generous and kind
 Slip of the tongue = say something you did not mean ;lapsus
 Grain of truth = not a total lie
 Touch of concern = slightly worried
 Change of heart = make up one's mind to do sth different than one had planned
 Trace of remorse = slight feeling of regret
 Glow of satisfaction = a look of plesure at something well done
 Glimmer of hope = very small chance that sth might turn out all right

 FIXED PHRASES WITH "against":


do sth/race/go/win against : one's better judgement
the establishment
the clock
sb's wishes
the law
all odds
one's principles
sb's advice
nouns that begin with "out":
 Outlet -> shop
 Outcome -> result
 Outlook -> future
 Outing -> excursion
 Outset -> beginning
 Outrage -> anger
 Outbreak -> epidemic
 Outlay -> costs
 FIXED PHRASES WITH "in":
in the long run -> eventually
in fact
in spite of
in brief -> to put it in as few words as possible
in light of
in private -> behind closed doors
in person
in writing -> in black and white
in any event
in case
on the one hand -> la indemana
 FIXED PHRASES WITH "on":
On the verge of -> about to do /happen
On offer -> available
On the basic of -> due to
On the dole -> receiving unemployment benefit
On the level -> honest
On hold -> wainting
On a roll -> winning
On and on -> continuously
On and off -> intermittenly
On demand -> when needed
 FIXED PHRASES WITH "under":
Under the circumstances -> considering the way things are
Under suspicion -> being invastigated
Under normal conditions -> usually
Under age -> not old enough
Under pressure -> really stressed
 FIXED PHRASED WITH "by":
By and large -> generally speaking
By and by -> eventually
(fall) by the wayside -> came to nothing
By chance -> coincidentally
By the way -> incidentally
By the book -> exactly as we were instructed
By law -> legally
By word of mouth -> through various conversations with friends and colleagues
 FIXED PHRASES WITH "down":
Down and out -> poor
Down in the mouth -> depressed
Ups and downs -> good and bad times
Down the drain -> wasted
Down to earth -> sensible
Hand me downs -> used clothes
Down payment -> deposit
Down at heel -> shabby
 FIXED PHRASES WITH "carry":
Carry the world on one's shoulders -> had the whole universe depending on him
Carry something too far -> overdoing it
Cash and carry -> won't accept credit cards
Carry a lot of weight -> is very influential
Carry a motion -> voted in favour of it
Carry an illness -> are infected with something
Idioms - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Big Lists of Explained IDIOMS:


 Have the world at one's feet -> a avea lumea la picioare
 Be in seventh heaven -> a fi in al noualea cer
 Be a feather in one's cap -> a fi mandria cuiva
 Have one ‘s head in the clouds -> a fi cu capul in nori
 Keep on top of things -> a pastra pe primul loc in lista de prioritati
 Keep up with the Joneses -> a tine pasul cu cineva
 Steal the show-> a lua meritul cuiva
 Work one's fingers to the bone -> a munci din rasputeri
 Work one's way up to the top -> a ajunge sus prin munca
 The world is your oyster -> lumea e stridia ta
 Down in the mountain -> to be unhappy
 Cliff-hanger -> a tine in suspans
 Bring the house down -> a da un spectacol bun
 Face the music -> a suporta consecintele
 Let one ‘s hair down -> a iesi in oras
 Off the beaten track -> pe carari neobisnuite
 On the house -> to be free
 On the edge of one ‘s seat -> a sta in suspans
 Paint the town red -> a petrece
 Read between the lines -> a citi printre randuri
 Grow to do something -> a ajunge sa-ti placa ceva
 Start cooing into prams -> a ganguri
 A dreamy look in his eyes -> a fi visator
 A beaming smile -> a zambi radiant
 An unkempt head of hair -> dezordonat
 A serious mode of dress -> demodat
 A taste for bright colours
 A look of self-assurance
 A powerful pshysique
 A reckless spendthrift -> nepasator

Pairs of adjectives with nouns:


 unconditional/parental love
 long-lasting/favourable impression
 spiritual/common bond
 personal /hidden attributes
 superficial /working relationship
 nuclear/close-knit family
 middle/only child
 heartfelt/popular sympathy

IDIOMS:
 Be/have/need a shoulder to cry
 Be on cloud nine -> a fi in al noualea cer
 Look on the bright side -> a fi optimist
 Sweep sb off their feet -> a calca pe nervi
 Be down in the dumps -> unhappy
 Cry one ‘s heart out -> nefericit
 Hit rock bottom -> to reach the lowest possible level or be in the worst possible situation
 On the fringes of society -> People who live on the fringes of society means people who
are not really acceptable to general society like the homeless teen agers or drug dealers
or thiefs. This could also be people who neither attend school nor work for a living. In
Europe gypsys live in dire poverty on the fringes of society.
 Take the law into one ‘s own hands -> a-si face singur dreptate
 Kill two birds with one stone -> doi iepuri dintr-un foc
 Throw oneself on the mercy of the court -> pleading guilty
 Bridge the generation gap -> repara diferanta dintre generatii
 The law of the jungle -> legea junglei
 Rob Peter to pay Paul -> a avea datorii
 Charity begins at home -> You should take care of family and people close to you before
you worry about helping others
 Earning its keep-> a se intretine
 Working away from the mainstream -> making a research in a specific domain
IDIOMS:
 Break the mould -> to do something differently, after it has been done in the same way
for a long time
 Blind someone with science -> confuse people by using technical language that they are
not likely to understand
 Move with the times - > keep up with the present times
 Be somebody's guinea pig -> be somebody on whom new methods, treatment or ideas
are tested.
 Once in a blue moon -> very rarely
 Turn the clock back -> to try to return to the past
 Come down to earth -> a reveni cu picioarele pe pamant
 Reinvent the wheel -> waste time developing products or systems that you think are
original when in fact they have already been done before
 It doesn't take a rocket scientist -> it is obvious (usually + to do sth): Drugs equals crime.
It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure that one out.
 Stand the test of time -> to continue to work well over a long period of time
 To see a lot of somebody -> a vedea des
 See eye to eye -> to agree about someone or something with someone else
 See my way -> nu e in puterea mea sa...
 Seen the last of him -> l-am vazut ultima oara
 Come out on strike -> a face greva

IDIOMS:
 Beaver away at something -> work hard on something
 Keep one's mind on the job
 Mean business -> a fi serios
 Make ends meet -> a se descurca
 Get something off the ground -> if a plan or activity gets off the ground or you get it off
the ground, it starts or succeeds
 Be someone's right-hand man -> a fi mana dreapta a cuiva (a fi omul de incredere al
cuiva)
 Call the shots -> to make the decisions; to decide what is to be done.
 Have time on one's hands -> to have time when you have nothing to do. Now that her
children are all at school, she has a lot of time on her hands.
 Keep one's nose to the grindstone -> work doggedly or persistently
 Be an inside job -> a crime committed by someone against the organization that they
work for
IDIOMS:
 Be the teacher's pet -> the teacher's favorite student.
 Mind one's p's and q's -> to make an effort to be polite;to pay close attention to small
details
 Learn something by heart -> to learn something so well that it can be written or recited
without thinking: a invata pe de rost
 Be as easy as one, two , three -> foarte simplu
 Be of the old school -> to have traditional ideas about how to do something and they do
not accept new ways of doing it
 Know something like the back of one's hand -> to know a place very wel; to be very
familiar with something
 Pass with flying colours -> a trece cu brio
 Make the grade -> to be satisfactory; to be what is expected; to succeed at something,
usually because your skills are good enough (often negative); to be good enough
IDIOMS:
 Cost an arm and a leg -> to be very expensive: These opera tickets cost us an arm and
a leg!
 Tighten one's belt -> a strange cureaua / a reduce cheltuielile
 Foot the bill -> a se descurca
 Earn one's bread and butter -> be your main source of income
 Save for a rainy day -> a economisi
 Make ends meet -> live within one's income; to have just enough money to pay for the
things that you need; to earn and spend equal amounts of money; to have enough
money to pay for your basic expenses
 Keep one's head above water -> a supravietui, a se mentine pe linia de plutire.
 Be one's meal ticket -> ultimate source of one's income
 Have a nest egg -> a avea resurse
 Go from rags to riches -> rises from poverty to wealth
Phrasal Verbs (with examples) A to F - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 A.
 Add up (make sense) His evidence just does not add up.
 Ask after (inquire about) Jim was asking after you.
 B.
 Back out=(tr) decide not to do something
 Back down (yield in an argument) Sheila was right, so Paul had to back down.
 Bargain for (take into account) We had not bargained for there being so much traffic,
and we missed the plane.
BE:
 Be in=at home
 Be into sth=to like sth a lot
 Be out=not at home
 Bear out (confirm the truth)
Helen's alibi was borne out by her sister.
BEAT:
 Beat up=(tr) hit and kick sb many times
BLOW:
 Blow up=(tr) destroy by an explosion
BREAK:
 Break down=1) (int) (of machinery) stop working ; 2) (int) (of a person) lose control of
feelings ; 3) (int) (of talks /negotiations/etc ) fail ;4)(tr) separate under headings
 Break in=(int) enter by force or illegally
 Break into=1)(tr) enter by force;2)(tr) interrupt
 Break off=(tr) end a relationship/agreement
 Break out=(int)(of war, etc)begin suddenly
 Break through=(int) advance(in spite of opposition)
 Break to=(tr) tell (bad news) to sb in a kind way
 Break up=1)(int) (of schools, etc) stop for holidays ;2)(int) end a relationship
Ex:
 Break down (lose control of the the emotions)
David broke down and wept when he heard the news.
 Break off (stop talking)
He broke off to answer the phone.
 Break up (come to an end)
The party finally broke up at 3 .00 am.
BRING:
 Bring about=(tr) cause to happen
 Bring back=(tr) cause to recall
 Bring down=(tr)cause to fall
 Bring forward=(tr) move sth to an earlier date or time
 Bring in=(tr) create profit /money
 Bring on=(tr)cause
 Bring out=(tr) put on market
 Bring round=1)(tr) cause to regain consciousness;2)(tr) persuade ; bring over to
 Bring up=1)(tr) raise a child ;2)(tr) mention/introduce a subject
Ex:
 Bring about (cause to happen)
The crisis was brought about by Brenda's resignation.
 Bring off (succed in doing something)
The team tried for years to win the competition and they finally brought it off.
Bring on:
 (cause the onset of an illness)
Sitting in the damp brought on his rheumatism.
 (cause trouble to happen to oneself)
You have brought this on yourself.
 Bring round (influence someone to your point of view)
After much discussion, I brought the committee round to my point of view.
 Bring up (mention)
I feel I ought t bring up another small matter.
C.
CALL:
 Call back=(tr) telephone again in return for a phone call
 Call up (mobilise for military service)
Mark was called up when the ar broke out.
CALM:
 Calm down=(int) become less upset
CARRY:
 Be carried away=be very excited
 Carry off=(tr) handle a difficult situation successfully
 Carry on(with)=(tr) continue with
 Carry out=1)(tr) conduct an experiment;2)(tr) act according to sth
 Carry through=(tr) complete successfully in spite of difficulty
 Carry off (complete successfully- perhaps despite a problem)
Jane had a difficult role to play, but she carried it off.
 Carry out (complete a plan)
The attack was successfully carried out .
CATCH:
 Catch up with=(tr) reach the same level , standard
 Catch on (become popular)
This new hair style is begging to catch on .
CHECK:
 Check in=(int) arrive at a hotel, be given the room key and fill in any necessary forms

CHEER:
 Cheer up=1)(tr) make more cheerful ;2)(int) become more cheerful

CLEAR:
 Clear away=(tr) put away things you have used

COME:
 Come across=(tr)find/meet by chance
 Come by=(tr) obtain
 Come down to=(tr)be passed on to sb by inheritance
 Come down with=(tr) become ill, go down with
 Come into=(tr) inherit
 Come off=(int)succeed
 Come out=1)(int)(of flowers) begin to blossom;2)(int) be published ;3)(int)(of stains) be
able to be removed
 Come round =1)(int) visit casually ; 2)(int) recover consciousness
 Come to =(tr) amount to a total
 Come up=1)(int) be mentioned ;2)(int)arrise; occur
 Come up to=1)(tr) approach; 2 ) (tr) equal; (of expectations) be up to
 Come up with=(tr) find (an answer, solution, etc)
Ex:
 Come about (happen)
Let me explain how the situation came about.
 Come down to (be in the end a matter of)
It all comes down to wheter you are prepared to accept less money.
 Come in for (receive especially criticism, blame)
The goverment has come in for a lot of criticism over the decision.
 Come off (take place successfully)
I am afraid that deal did not come off after all.
 Come out (appear)
All the flowers have come out .
 Come up (occur)
Look, something has come up and i can not meet you.
 Come up against (meet a difficulty)
We have come up against a bit of a problem.
 Come up to (equal)
The play did not come up to expectations.
 Come up with (think of)
We still have not come up with a solution to the problem.

 Count on (rely on)


Do not worry, you can count on me.
 Crop up (happen unexpectedly)
I can not come to your party, something has cropped up.
CUT
 Cut across=(tr) take a shorter way
 Cut back(on)= (tr) reduce (expenses, production ); cut down on
 Cut in=1)(int) move suddenly in front of another car ; 2 ) (int) interrupt
 Cut into =(tr) interrupt
 Cut off =1) (tr) disconnect ;2)(tr)isolate
 Cut out=(tr) omit
 Be cut out for/to be =be suited for(a profession)
 Cut up=(tr) cut into small pieces

D.
DO:
 Do away with= abolish
 Do down= speak badly of sb
 Do in = kill
 Do up=(tr) fasten; tie
 Do with=(tr) want
 Do without=(tr) live or continue without having sth/sb; live without
 Do away with (abolish)
Dog licences have been done away with.
 Do up (decorate)
We are having our living room done up.
 Draw up (come to a stop)
A white sports car drew up outside the door.
 Drop in (pay a visit)
Drop in any time you are passing.
 Drop off (fall asleep)
The baby has just dropped off.
E.
EASE:
 Ease up=(int) reduce in degree,speed,intensity
EAT:
 Eat into =(tr) use more than expected
END:
 End up=(int) finish up , result in
 End up (finish in a certain way or place)
We ended up staying there for lunch.
F.
 Face up to (have courage to deal with)
You have to face up to your responsibilities.
FALL:
 Fall apart=come to pieces
 Fall back on = turn to sb/sth for help when other plans have failed
 Fall behind with= fail to keep up with
 Fall for=1) fall in love with sb; 2) be deceived
 Fall in= (int) collapse
 Fall in with= agree with
 Fall into=1) be divided into(categories) ;2) begin ; enter a state
 Fall on=1) attack;2) eat hungrily
 Fall out with=quarrel
 Fall through=fail to be completed
 Fall about (show amusement)
Everyone fell about when Jane told her joke.
 Fall back on (use as a last resort)
If the worst comes to the worst, we have got our savings to fall back on.
 Fall for (be deceived by)
It was an unlikely story but he fell for it.
 Fall out with (quarrel with)
Peter has fallen out his boss.
 Fall through (fail to come to completion)
The plan fell through at the last minute.
 Fell up to (feel capable of doing)
Old Mr Smith did not feel up to walking all the way.
 Follow up (act upon a suggestion)
Thanks for the information about that book. I will follow it up.

Phrasal Verbs (with examples) G to L - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 G.
 Get across (be understood) Example: I had the feeling i was not getting the meaning
across.
 Get at (imply) Example: What are getting at exactly?
 Get down to (begin to seriously deal with) Example: It is time we got down to some
real work.
 Get off with (avoid punishment) Example: They were lucky to get off with such light
sentences.
 Get on for (approach a certain age/time/number) Example: He must be getting on for
seventy.
 Get on (make progress) Example: Sue is getting on very well in her new job.
 Get over (be surprised) Example: I could not get over how well she looked.
 Get over with (come to the end of something, usually unpleasant) Example: I will be
glad to get this awful business over with.
 Get round to (find time to do) Example: Sorry, but i have not got round to fixing the tap
yet.
 Get up to (do something) Example: The children are getting up to something in the
garden.
GET:
 Get across = successfully communicate ideas.
 Get along = continue despite difficulties.
 Get along with = be on friendly terms; get on with.
 Get at = mean.
 Get away with = escape punishment for a wrongful ,illegal act.
 Get back = recover possession of.
 Get down = 1) swallow with difficulty ;2) depress.
 Get down to = start doing sth seriously.
 Get on = 1) enter(bus ,train , etc); 2) make progress.
 Get on with = be on good terms with.
 Get out = become known.
 Get over = recover from.
 Get round = persuade;bring round.
 Get round to = find time to do sth.
 Get trough =1) finish ( a piece of work); 2) go on living through difficult times.
 Get through to = reach by phone.
 Get up = rise from bed.
GIVE:
 Give away =1) reveal; 2) give sth free of charge
 Give back = return
 Give in = surrender; yield
 Give off = emit (smells, heat , fumes , etc)
 Give out = 1) come to an end; 2) distribute
 Give up = 1) abandon an attempt/habit ; 2) surrender
Ex:
 Give away (betray)
His false identity papers gave him away.
 Give off (send off a smell)
The cheese had begun to give off a strange smell.
 Give out (be exhausted)
When our money gave out we had to barrow some.
 Give over (abandon,devote)
The rest of the time was given over to playing cards.
(stop)
Why don't you give over! You're getting on my nerves.
 Give up (surrender)
The escaped prisoner gave up herself up.
(belive to be dead or lost)
After 10 days the ship was given up for lost.
GO:
 Go after = pursue
 Go ahead = be allowed to happen
 Go away = stop; cease
 Go back on = break a promise/ agreement
 Go by = base one's ideas on
 Go down with = become ill
 Go for = 1) attack; 2) apply for (a job)
 Go in for = take part in (a competition)
 Go off = 1) explode; 2) (of an alarm) ring ; 3) spoil; 4) stop liking sth
 Go on = 1) continue; carry on; 2) happen
 Go out = stop burning
 Go over =1) examine details; go through; 2) repeat
 Go round = 1) be enough for everyone to have a share; 2) spread, circulate; get round
 Go through =1) experience; 2) (int) (of a deal/ agreement) be completed with success; 3)
discuss in detail
 Go up = rise
 Go with = match
 Go without = endure the lack of sth; do without
Ex:
Go back on (break a promise)
The managment has gone back on its promise.
 Go in for (make a habit of)
I do not go in for that kind of thing.
 Go off (become bad-food)
This milk has gone off.
 Go on (happen-usually negative)
Something funny is going on.
 Go round (be enough)
There were not enough life-jackets to go round.
 Go through with (complete a promise or plan)
When it came to actually stealing the money,Nora could not go through with it.
 Grown on (become more liked)
This new record is growing on me.
 H.
HANG:
 Hang out = put clothes on the line to dry
 Hang up = 1) put sth in a high position ; 2 ) end a phone call
 Hang on = wait for a short while
Ex:
 Hang onto (keep)
I think we should hang onto the car until next year.
 Have it in for (be deliberately unkind to someone-also as have got)
My teacher has (got) it in for me.
 Have it out with (express feelings so as to settle a problem)
I put up with the problem for a while but in the end I had it out with her.
 Have someone on (deceive)
I do not belive you.You are having me on.
 Hit it off (get on well with)
Mark and Sarah really hit it off at the party.
 Hit upon/on (discover by chance-often an idea)
They hit upon the solution quite by chance.
HOLD:
 Hold back = 1) control (tears, laughter); 2) hesitate
 Hold in = restrain
 Hold off = keep at a distance
 Hold on = wait (esp on the phone)
 Hold out = 1) last; 2) persist
 Hold to = 1) follow exacty; 2) keep to ( a promise , etc)
 Holp up = 1) delay; 2 ) use violence in order to rob
Ex:
 Hold out (offer)
We do not hold out much hope that the price will fall.
(use as an example)
Jack was always held up as an example to me.
 Hold with (agree with)
I do not hold with the idea of using force.
 K.
KEEP:
 Keep after= continue to pursue
 Keep away(from)= stay away
 Keep back= conceal
 Keep down=cause to remain at a lower level
 Keep in= make sb stay indoors ( as punishment)
 Keep off= stay away from; avoid
 Keep on = continue dispite difficulties
 Keep out= exclude sb/sth
 Keep up(with)= stay at the same level as sb /sth
 Keep up with= 1) continue to be informed ;2) charge at the same rate
Ex:
 Keep up (continue)
Well done! Keep up the good work !
 L.

Lay down (state a rule-especially lay down the law)
The company has laid down strict procedures for this kind of situation.
LET:
 Let down = 1)(tr) ( of clothes ) lenghten; 2 ) disappoint
 Let in (to) = allow sb to enter a place
 Let off = not punish
 Let on = reveal a secret
 Let out = 1) release; 2) (tr) (of clothes ) make larger
 Let up = become less strong
Ex:
 Let down (disappoint, break a promise)
Sorry to let you down , but i can not give you a lift today.
 Let it on (allow to be part of a secret)
We have not let Tina in on the plans yet.
 Let off (excuse from punishment)
As Dave was young , the judge let him off with a fine.
 Let on (inform about a secret)
We are planning a surprise for Helen, but do not let on.
LIVE:
 Live on = have an amount of money to buy things.
Ex:
 Live down (suffer a loss of reputation)
If City lose, they will never live it down.
 Live up to (reach an expected standard)
The play quite lived up to my expectations.
LOOK:
 Look after = take care of
 Look back (on) = consider the past
 Look down to = despise
 Look for = search, try to find
 Look forward to = anticipate with pleasure
 Look in on sb = pay a short visit to
 Look into = investigate
 Look on = observe
 Look out = be careful
 Look out for = be alert in order to see/ find sb / sth
 Look over = examine carefully;go through
 Look round = inspect a place
 Look through = look at quickly
 Look up = look for sth in an appropriate book/list
Ex:
 Look into (investigate)
The police have promised to look into the problem.
 Look on (consider)
We look on this town as our real home.
 Look someone up (visit when in the area)
If you are passing throgh Athens, look me up.
LOOSEN:
 Loosen up = become more relaxed
Phrasal Verbs (with examples) M to R - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 M.
 Make for (result in) Example: The power steering makes for easing parking.
 Make off with (run away with) Example: The thief made off with a valuable necklace.
 Make out (pretend) Example: Tim made out that he had not seen the No Smoking sign.
 Make someone out (understand someone ‘s behaviour) Example: Janet is really
odd.I can not make her out.
 Make up (invent) Example: I think you made up the whole story!
 Make up for (compensate for) Example: Our success makes up for all the hard times.
MAKE:
 Be made for = suit exactly
 Make for = go towards
 Make out = 1)distinguish; 2) write out ; fill in
 Make over = give possessions of sth to sb else
 Make up = 1) invent ; 2 ) put cosmetics on ; 3) reconcile
 Make up for = compensate
 Make up one ‘s mind = decide
 Miss out (fail to include)
You have missed out a word here.
 O.
OPEN:
 Open up = relax and say exactly what sb feels or thinks
 Own up (confess)
None of the children would own up to breaking the window.
 P.

Pack in (stop an activity)
John has packed in his job.
PASS:
 Pass away = die
 Pass off as = pretend to be sth/sb else successfully
 Pass out = lose consciousness
PAY:
 Pay back = 1) return money owed ; 2 ) take revenge on sb
 Pay down = pay part of the price for sth and the rest over a period of time
 Pay for = receive punishment
 Pay off = pay sb to leave employment
 Pay up = pay ( a debt ) in full
Ex:
 Pay back (take revenge)
She paid him back for all his insults.
PICK:
 Pick sb up (go somewhere and take sb away, often in a car)
A taxi picked him up at Trafalgar Square.
 Pick up (improve)
The weather seems to be picking up.
 Pin someone down (force to give a clear statement)
I asked Jim to name a suitable day, but I could not pin him down.
 Play up (behave or work badly)
The car is playing up again.It won't start.
 Point out (draw attention to a fact)
I pointed out that I would be on holiday anyway.
PULL:
Pull down = demolish
Pull in = arrive
Pull oneself together = bring one's feelings under control
Pull through = succees despite difficulties
Pull up = stop
Pull off (manage to succed)
It was a tricky plan, but we pulled it off.
 Push on (continue with some effort)
Let's push on and try to reach the coast by tonight.
PUT:
 Put aside/by = save
 Put across = communicate successfully; get across/over
 Put away = 1) store; 2)put sb into prison/mental hospital
 Put back = place sth in the position it was before
 Put down = 1) write down; 2) suppress forcibly
 Put down to = attribute to
 Put forward = propose
 Put off = postpone
 Put on = 1) dress oneself in; 2) increase(in weight); 3) cause to take place
(show/performance)
 Put out = 1) extinguish (fire, etc); 2) cause trouble; 3) take sth out of the house
 Be put out = be annoyed
 Put through = connect by phone
 Put up = 1) erect, build; 2) offer hospitality; 3) show in a public place
 Put up with = tolerate
Ex:
 Put across (communicate ideas)
Harry is clever but he can not put his ideas across.
 Put down to (explain the cause of)
Diane's poor performance was put down to nerves.
 Put in for (apply for a job)
Sue has put in for a teaching job.
 Put oneself out (take trouble-to help someone)
Please do not put yourself out making a meal.A sandwich will do.
 Put off (discourage, upset)
The crowd put the gymnast off, and he fell.
 Put up (offer accommodation)
We can put you up for a few days.
 Put up with (tolerate, bear)
I can not put up with all this noise!
 R.

Rip off (charge too much)
You paid £50?They really ripped you off!
RUN:
Run across/into = meet /find by chance
Run after = chase
Run away with = steal
Run down = 1) knock down (with a vehicle); 2) speak badly of sb
Run in = bring a new car engine into full use (by driving it slowly for a set period)
Run off = make prints/copies
Run out = have no more of sth left
Run out of = no longer have a supply
Run through = 1) use up; 2) rehearse, check or revise quickly
Run up = accumulate
Run up against = encounter (difficulties/opposition)
Ex:
 Run down (criticise)
She is always running down her husband.
(lose power, allow to decline)
I think the batteries are running down.
 Run into (meet)
Guess who I run into at the supermarket!
 Run to (have enough money)
I do not think we can run to a holiday abroad this year.
 Run over (check)
Let's run over the plan once more.
 Run up (a bill-let a bill get longer without paying)
I run up a huge telephone bill at the hotel.
 Run up against (encounter)
I run up against a slight problem.
Phrasal Verbs (with examples) S to Z - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 S.
 See someone off (go to station, airport, etc to say goodbye to someone) Example: I
went to the station to see them off.
 See through (realise the truth about) Example: I saw through his intentions at once.
 Send up (make fun of by imitating) Example: Jean is always sending up the French
teacher.
 Set about (start working) Example: We must set about re-organising the office.
 Set in (establish itself) Example: I think this rain has set in for the day.
SEE:
 See about = deal with; see to.
 See off = accompany a traveller to his/her plane, train, etc.
 See out = accompany sb to the door/ exit of a house / building.
 See over = inspect a place; look round.
 See through = not be deceived.

SET:
 Set aside = save for a special purpose
 Set in = star and seem likely to continue (especially weather)
 Set off = star a journey
 Set out = begin a journey
 Set up = start a business
Ex:
 Set out (give in detail in writing)
This document sets out all the Union demands.
(arrange)
I have set out the refreshments in the hall.
(start an action)
Sue set out to write a biography but it became a novel.
 Set up (establish)
An inquiry into the accident has been set up.
 Set (up) on (attack)
We were set upon by a gang of hooligans.

Sink in (realise slowly)
Slowly the realisation that I had won began to sink in.
 Slip up (make a mistake)
Someone slipped up and my application was lost.
 Slow down (move more slowly/reduce speed)
The train was slowing down.
Sort out (find a solution)
Don't worry, Mary will sort out your problems.
STAND:
 Stand by = 1) support sb, esp in difficulties; 2) be ready for action
 Stand for = 1) represent; 2) tolerate; put up with
 Stand in for = replace sb temporarily
 Stand out = be noticeable
 Stand up = 1) rise to one ‘s feet; 2) fail to meel
 Stand up for = support
 Stand up to = resist
Ex:
 Stand by (keep to an agreement)
The company agreed to stand by its original commitment.
 Stand for (represent)
E.g stands for exempli gratia, it is Latin.
(tolerate)
I will not stand for this kind of behaviour in my house!
 Stand in for (take the place of)
Carol has kindly agreed to stand in for Graham at the monthly meeting.
 Stand up to (resist, bear stress)
The engine won't stand up to the strain.

Step down (resign)
The Chairman has stepped down after criticism from shareholders.
 Step up (increase)
Production at the Leeds plant has been stepped up.

Stick up for (defend)
You must learn to stick up for yourself.
SWITCH:
 Switch off = stop sth working (for electrical devices, engines, etc )
 Switch to = change sth
 T.
TAKE:
 Take after = resemble
 Take away = remove
 Take back = apologise
 Take for = identify wrongly
 Take in = 1) give accomodation; 2) make clothes narrower; 3) fully understand
 Take off = 1) remove clothes; 2) leave the ground; 3) imitate; 4) take time as a holiday
 Take on = 1) undertake work/responsibility; 2) employ
 Take out = 1) remove; 2) clean (mark, dirt ); 3) arrange to get sth (a loan from a bank)
 Take over = gain control of sth
 Take to = 1) begin a habit ; 2) like
 Take up = 1) begin a hobby, sport, job; 2) fill (time, space)
 Be taken back = be strongly surprised
 Be taken in = be deceived
Ex:
 Take in (deceive)
Don't be taken in by her apparent shyness.
 Take (it) out on (make someone else suffer because of one's own sufferings)
I know you are unhappy, but don't take it out on me !
 Take off (imitate)
Dave takes off the Prime Minister really well.
 Take on (acquire a new characteristic)
My grandmother has taken on a new lease of life since her operation.
(do something extra)
She has taken on too much with a full-time jos as well.
 Take out (insurance-sign an insurance agreement)
Ann has taken out life insurance.
 Take over (gain control of)
The army tried to take over the country.
 Take to someone (develop a linking for)
You will soon take to your new boss, I am sure.
 Take up (time-occupy time)
The meeting took up a whole morning.
 Talk out of or into (dissuade from, persuade into)
Paul talked me into going skiing , against my better judment.
 Tell off (scold) / speak to sb angrily
Our teacher told us off for being late.

 Throw away (put sth useless in a rubbish container)


Tell Jim to throw away the garbage.
 Tie in with (be in agreement with)
I am afraid your party does not quite tie in with our arrangements.
 Track down (trace the whereabouts of)
The police tracked down the killer and arrested him.
 Try out (test- a machine)
Let's try out the new washing machine.
TURN:
 Turn away = refuse admittance
 Turn down = 1) refuse an offer; 2) reduce loudness
 Turn in = 1) go to bed; 2) give to the police
 Turn off = switch off
 Turn out =1) produce; 2) prove to be
 Turn over = turn to a new page; change the TV channel
 Turn to = 1) go to sb for help/advice; 2) begin (a way of life or doing sth)
 Turn up = 1) arrive or appear (unexpectedly); 2) (of an opportunity) arise
Ex:

Turn down (reject an offer)
Another company offered me a job but I turned them down.
 Turn out (happen to be in the end)
He turned out to be an old friend of Helen's.
(come to a meeting or to form a crowd)
Thousands of fans turned out to welcome the team.
 Turn up (be discovered by chance)
Do not worry about that missing book, it is bound to turn up sooner or late.
(arrive)
Not many people turned up for the lesson.
 U.
USE:
 Use up (finish sth so that none of it is left)
Hey, somebody used up the shampoo!
 W.
 Wash up (clean pans , plates , etc using water and detergent)
Mary, would you wash up the dishes today, please?
 Wear off (lose effect-especially a drug)
These painkillers wear off after about two hours.
 Wind down (relax)
Just wind down and listen to the music.
 Work out (calculate-also work out at for specific amounts)
The hotel bill worked out at over £500.
(try do solve something - a problem, a misunderstanding)
Let's talk about this, maybe we will work it out.
(do phisical exercise)
I am working out today at six o' clock.
 Wrap up (fold a piece of paper, cloth or other material round sth)
Prepositional Phrases - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 AT.....:
 a disadvantage;
 a discount;
 a distance;
 a fraction of;
 a glance;
 a guess;
 a loss;
 a profit;
 all costs;
 an advantage;
 first hand;
 least;
 length;
 odds with;
 one's request;
 peace;
 random;
 sea;
 short notice;
 speed;
 the expense of;
 the heart of;
 the latest;
 the time;
 BY.....:
 bus/car/plane;
 coach/rail;
 accident;
 all means;
 chance;
 coincidence;
 degrees;
 far;
 law;
 luck;
 means of;
 nature;
 now;
 popular request;
 surprise;
 virtue of;
FOR.....:
 a change;
 fear of something;
 good;
 granded;
 hire;
 life;
 nothing;
 once;
 somebody‘s sake;
 the first time;
 the sake of;
 the time being;
 sure;

FROM.....:
 memory;
 now on;
 time to time;

IN.....:
 a rush;
 advance;
 agreement;
 brief;
 captivity;
 case of;
 charge;
 comfort;
 common;
 confidence;
 danger;
 debt;
 detail;
 disguise;
 existence;
 fact;
 good shape;
 jest;
 moderation;
 name only;
 no time;
 particular;
 place of;
 principle;
 progress;
 public;
 recession;
 return;
 secret;
 some respects;
 the end;
 the habit of;
 the heart of;
 the name of;
 the wild;
 vain;
OFF.....:
 the beaten;
 track;
 duty;
 the record;
 the road;

ON.....:
 foot;
 a bicycle;
 a diet;
 account of;
 an island;
 approval;
 bail;
 behalf of;
 demand;
 duty;
 good terms with;
 impulse;
 leave;
 loan;
 no account;
 paper;
 principle;
 purpose;
 sale;
 strike;
 the agenda;
 the brink of;
 the contrary;
 the increase;
 the move;
 the job;
 the point of;
 the premises;
 the road;
 the trail of;
 the whole;
 your mind;
 your own;
OUT OF.....:
 breath;
 control;
 danger;
 date;
 debt;
 fashion;
 practice;
 reach;
 stock;
 the ordinary;
 water;
 time (music only);
 town;
 use;
 work;
TO.....:
 one‘s face;
 one's surprise;
 this day;
UNDER.....:
 age;
 arrest;
 control;
 discussion;
 orders;
 pressure;
 repair;
 the impression;
 the weather;
 threat;
 your breath;
Prepositions - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 Prepositions following adjectives:
 OF:
 afraid of;
 ashamed of;
 aware of;
 capable of;
 conscious of;
 fond of;
 full of;
 be good of;
 indicative of;
 irrespective of;
 jealous of.
 ABOUT:
 annoyed about;
 anxious about;
 certain about;
 excited about;
 pleased about;
 right about;
 serious about;
 sorry about;
 upset about;
 wrong about.
 WITH:
 angry with;
 annoyed with (a person);
 bored with;
 commensurate with;
 connected with;
 be good at dealing with;
 happy with;
 incompatible with;
 obsessed with;
 pleased with;
 preoccupied with.
 AT:
 angry at (a person);
 annoyed at (a person);
 be bad at;
 be good at;
 surprised at.
 ON:
 keen on.
 TO:
 addicted to;
 attentive to;
 grateful to;
 kind to;
 immune to;
 impervious to;
 indifferent to;
 liable to (likely to suffer from);
 married to;
 prone to.
 BY:
 baffled by,
 bored by,
 detained by,
 distressed by,
 plagued by,
 shocked by,
 surprised by.
 FOR:
 early for,
 eligible for,
 famous for,
 late for,
 liable for,
 ready for,
 responsible for,
 sorry for.
 IN:
 deficient in,
 experienced in,
 implicated in,
 interested in.
 FROM:
 absent from,
 derived from,
 different from,
 safe from,
 missing from.
Prepositions following nouns:
 ON:
 an authority on (expert),
 ban on,
 comment on,
 effect on,
 influence on,
 restriction on,
 tax on.
 TO:
 acces to,
 an alternative to,
 an attitude to,
 an exception to,
 a solution to,
 a threat to,
 a witness to.
 OVER:
 be in autority over,
 have control over,
 be in dispute over something.
 WITH:
 contrast with,
 be in dispute with someone,
 encounter with,
 link with,
 quarrel with,
 relationship with.
 FOR:
 admiration for,
 craving for,
 credit for,
 cure for,
 desire for,
 disregard for,
 provision for,
 recipe for,
 respect for,
 responsibility for,
 room for,
 sympathy for.
Expressions beginning with prepositions :
 IN:
 in advance,
 in the balance,
 in all likelihood,
 in answer to,
 in any case,
 in charge of,
 in the charge of,
 in collaboration with,
 in comparison with,
 in comfort,
 in decline,
 in demand,
 in dispute,
 in distress,
 in the early stages,
 in earnest,
 in the end,
 be in favour of something,
 be in favour with someone,
 in fear of (being afraid of),
 in (good) condition,
 in harmony,
 in high spirits,
 in jeopardy,
 in one way or another,
 in practice,
 in recognition of,
 in response to,
 in theory,
 in time,
 in trouble,
 in turn.
 WITH:
 with the exception of,
 with intent to,
 with regard to,
 with a view to.
 AT:
 at any rate,
 at fault,
 at first sight,
 at the first/second attempt,
 at the end,
 at large.
 ON:
 on average,
 on approval,
 on a regular basis,
 on bahalf of,
 on the contrary,
 on good terms,
 on loan on the market (for sale),
 on (its) merits,
 on offer,
 on purpose,
 on the verge of.
 BEYOND:
 beyond belief,
 beyond a joke,
 beyond the shadow of a doubt.
 BY:
 by coincidence,
 by mistake,
 by the time,
 by rights,
 by surprise.
 FOR:
 for fear of (because something might happen),
 for life,
 not for long,
 for the foreseeable future,
 for the time being.
 OUT OF:
 out of breath,
 out of control,
 out of danger,
 out of doors,
 out of focus,
 out of luck,
 out of ordinary,
 out of pocket,
 out of practice,
 out off all proportion,
 out of reach,
 out of stock,
 out of work.
 UNDER:
 under age,
 under the circumstances,
 under control,
 under cover of,
 be under the impression that,
 under the influence of,
 under (a law),
 under an obligation,
 under pressure,
 under repair,
 under stress,
 under suspicion.
 WITHOUT:
 without a chance,
 without delay,
 without exception,
 without a word.
 AFTER:
 after all.
Set de Reguli Gramaticale Importante - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 Pronumele nehotarate, persoana a III a, se folosesc cu verbe la


singular: everybody is at home, nobody is at home (acordul prin vecinatate);
 Alegerea se exprima cu which: which of those two.
 Order of adverbs: sometimes adverbs go before the main verb, eg. The adverbs of
frequency (often, always, etc.) -> He often plays tennis at weekends. BUT when there
are two or more adverbs in the same sentence, they usually come in the following
order: manner - place - time. -> Helen worked hard at school yesterday. or -> eg. The
little child was playing happily in the garden all day yesterday.
 As, while -> arata o actiune in desfasurare. To -> arata miscarea; at -> indica starea
pe loc.
 Home se foloseste cu at cand avem verbe de stare -> I am at home dar cand avem
verbe de miscare se foloseste fara at . -> I arrived home.
 Ziua se exprima cu on -> on a sunny day. Ziua saptamanii se exprima cu on -
> on Sunday.
 Adverbul: real + ly -> really
 Adjectivul: beauty + full -> beautifuly
 Neighter corelat cu nor: niciunul din cei doi.
 Eighter corelat cu or : si unul si celalalt -> eighter Mary or Tom can do it.
 Farther se foloseste pentru distante; further information.
 Cuvintele care incep cu semivocala "iu" -> Europe, University , uniforme se
folosesc cu "a" -> a useful book.
 Made, let la diateza activa se folosesc cu infinitiv scurt, fara to -> he let her go. La
diateza pasiva se folosesc cu to -> I was made to cry.
 Is the first /second time + Past perfect.
 Pentru o actiune care se facea frecvent in trecut se foloseste would + infinitiv -> When
I was a child I would visit my friends every day.
 Used to + infinitive arata o actiune care se facea in trecut dar nu se mai face.
 Cand subiectele sunt diferite in cele doua propozitii; in a doua propozitie subiectul se
reda prin genitiv posesiv -> Nu ma deranjeaza sa vii si tu .-> I don't mind your coming
here .
 Subjonctivul analitic se foloseste si dupa: it's odd, it's strange, it's normal etc.
 Comparativul de superioritate la adverbe care se termina in "y" se formeaza cu more
-> more highly.
 Interogativul si negativul inlocuitorului modal "to have" se formeaza cu "do".
 Verbul "need" se foloseste pentru obiecte cu -ing -> My shoes need
polishing. Dar need se mai foloseste si cu participiu trecut sau cu infinitiv -> Ea trebuie
sa aibe munca facuta pana maine -> She needs the work don .
Concordanta timpurilor:
In principala avem viitor iar in subordonata avem:
 Prezent perfect sau prezent perfect continuu: cand actiunea este anterioara -> I will
call you when i get home.
 Prezent simplu: cand actiunea este simultana -> I will call you after i have done my
homework.
In principala avem trecut iar in subordonata avem:
 Trecut simplu sau trecut continuu: daca actiunea este simultana -> I told him that
nobody was in the classroom.
 Trecut perfect simplu sau trecut continuu: daca actiunea este anterioara -> I told him
that I had eaten when he came.
 Viitor in trecut: daca actiunea este posterioara -> I told him that I knew he would talk
about me.
 Shall se foloseste cu let's.
 In case se foloseste cu should.
 Lately se foloseste cu Prezent perfect .
 Perhaps se foloseste cu may.
 Despite se foloseste cu verbe la gerund.
 However se afla mereu intre virgule.
 However, no matter se folosesc cu may.
 Scopul negativ aratat de: lest, in case, fo fear se foloseste cu should + infinitiv.
 Fewer and fewer se foloseste pentru substantive numarabile.
 Until, hardly, anything sunt cuvinte negative care cer verbe la afirmativ
 It impersonal se foloseste cu unele verbe ca: find, consider, own, prefer -> I find
it difficult to swim across the river.
 Verbe care arata transformari ale naturii, ale vremii sunt la aspect continuu: It is getting
cold; It is getting dark.
 O asemenea vreme sau astfel de vreme in engleza se reda fara articol -> such weather.
 Verbele de cerere se folosesc cu infinitivul .
 Verbe + infinitiv -> fail, afford, seem.
 Verbe + -ing -> miss, fancy, dread, avoid.
 Verbe + -ing /infinitiv -> suggest, allow, mention, remember, remained.
 In spite of, despite of se folosesc cu verbe -ing.
 On + -ing arata -> dupa ce / cand .
 Functiile oficiale se folosesc cu "to" -> ambasador to Finland .
 Adverbul seldom pus in fata propozitiei implica inversiunea.
 On no account se face inversiunea eg-> on no account should we leave.
 So face inversiunea.
 Dupa when se foloseste Past Tense.
 Lay/laid/laid = a aseza ceva, a pune
 Lie /lay/lain = a sta intins, a se asterne, a zace
 Lie/lied/lied cu prepozitia to = a minti
 Strike/struck/struck = a bate ora
 Rise/rosen/risen = a se ridica
 Arise/arose/arisen = a starni
 Raise money = a strange bani pentru o cauza
 Rise/rose/risen = a se ridica, a rasari (se foloseste fara complement direct)
 Raised/raised/raised = a ridica (se foloseste cu complement direct)
 Fit = a se potrivi ca marime.
 Suit = a se potrivi ca trasaturi fizice.
 Match = a se asorta ca culoare .
 Hair (fir de par) se foloseste pentru parul din cap si nu are plural.
 Hairs = mai multe fire de par .
 Verbele de sentiment se folosesc cu infinitiv cand se refera la o situatie concreta -> I like
to listen to this music.
 Comparativul as strange as la negativ se foloseste cu "so strange" .
 Adjectivul cara arata atitudinea fata de cineva sunt cu "to".
 Another, many, an pentru substantive nenumarabile -> a lot of important information.
 To be to = a urma sa. eg . Urma sa am musafiri -> I was to have guests. eg. Urma sa
te fi dus la munte dar a plouat -> You were to have gone to the mountain but it had
rained.
 O compunere de 10 pagini se reda prin -> a 10 page composition.
 Articolul: substantivele la plural cand nu au determinare nu primesc articol -> children
are noisy. Dar cand substantivele la plural au determinare, primesc articol
-> The children of our friends are noisy .
 Substantivele abstracte nu primesc articol hotarat decat daca au determinare. Sau
substantivele care denumesc universitati eg . Universitate + oras se pune articol -> the
University of London.
 To be + alive = nume predicativ. A living creature (dupa adjectiv)
 To whom (carora) se foloseste pentru fiinte, of whome some = dintre care; iar to
which se foloseste pentru orice. Who -> pentru persoane ; whom -> pe care ; whose -
> caruia.
 By the time, after the reprezinta temporala iar in subordonata nu trebuie sa folosim
viitor. Cand in principala avem viitor sau prezent in subordonata nu avem viitor.
 Dupa since se foloseste Past Simple (propozitie subordonata temporala); daca
principala este corelata cu since se foloseste Prezent Perfect. eg. Te -am placut de
cand ne-am intalnit -> I have liked you since I met you. Dar dupa since se pune Prezent
Perfect daca actiunea e inca valabila si in momentul de fata. eg.N-am mai vazut-o de
cand e maritata -> I haven't seen her since she has been married .
 In cazul folosirii gerundului in propozitia a doua, cand avem doua subiecte distincte, al
doilea subiect se reda prin AC/G. eg. Te deranjeaza sa deschid fereastra -> Do you
mind my/me opening the window . eg. Insist ca el sa vina -> I insist on him /his coming.
 In vorbirea indirecta ordinea este: subiect + predicat (NU SE FACE INVERSIUNEA).
Verbs + Prepositions - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Verbs Folowed by "WITH": acquaint someone with something, associate someone with
something, charge someone with something, clutter with something (especially passive: The
room was cluttered with boxes), coincide with something, collide with something, comply with
something, concern with something (usually passive: be concerned with), confront someone
with something, confuse someone/something with someone/something, cram with something
(especially passive: be crammed with), deal with someone/something, discuss something with
someone, face with something (especially passive: be faced with), ingratiate oneself with
someone, meet with something (especially: meet with an accident), pack with something
(especially passive: be packed with), provide someone with something, tamper with something,
trust someone with something.
Verbs Folowed by "IN": absorbed in something, confide in someone, be engrossed in
something, implicate someone in something, involve someone in something, result in
something, specialise in something, succed in something.
Verbs Folowed by "FOR": account for something, allow for something, apologise for
something/someone, blame someone for something, care for something/someone, cater for
something/someone, charge someone for something (make them pay for it ), count for
something (especially: I count for nothing in this company), earmark something for a particular
use, pay for someone/something.
Verbs Folowed by "OF": acusse someone of something, convict someone of something,
remind someone of something, suspect someone of something.
Verbs Folowed by "FROM": bar someone from a place, benefit from something, derive
something from something, deter someone from something, differ from something, distinguish
one thing from another thing, distract someone from something, exempt someone from
something, expel someone from a place, refrain from something, resign from something, result
from something, stem from something, suffer from something, translate one language from/into
another language.
Verbs Folowed by "ON": base something on someone, blame something on someone, centre
something on something (usually passive: be centred on), concentrate something on something,
decide on something, depend on someone/something, elaborate on something, impose on
someone, insist on something/someone doing something, pride oneself on something.
Verbs Folowed by "AGAINST": insure something against something, protest against
something.
Verbs Folowed by "ABOUT": argue about something, be concerned about something (be
worried about), boast about something, decide about something, protest about something.
Verbs Folowed by "OUT": phase something out.
Verbs Folowed by "AT": glance at something, guess at something, hint at something, marvel
at something.
Verbs Folowed by "TO": answer to something (especially: answer to a description), appeal to
someone (beg; It appeals to me -> meaning I like the idea), apply oneself to something (This
rule does not apply to you.), attend to something said/heard, attribute something to someone,
commit oneself to something (especially passive: be committed to), confess to something,
devote oneself to something, prefer one thing to another thing, react to something, refer to
something (This number refers to the next page), refer someone to someone (The doctor
reffered me to a specialist), be resigned to something, resort to something, see to something
(meaning make sure it is done), subject someone to something (stressed: subject), succeed to
the throne, be used to doing something, object to.
Verbs + Prepositions 2. - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 Bring about = cause;


 Bring in = introduce;
 Bring over = convey;
 Bring round = revive;
 Call for = demand;
 Call off = cancel;
 Call up = telephone;
 Call upon = request;
 Carry on = continue;
 Carry out = follow;
 Carry over = continue to exist;
 Carry sth through = manage to accomplish;
 Clear away = remove;
 Clear out = empty;
 Clear up = cure (an infection/a skin problem);
 Cut back = reduce;
 Cut down = decrease;
 Cut in = interrupt;
 Cut off = sever, separate;
 Drag sb down = cause sb to fail/be destroyed;
 Drag in = inappropriately mention;
 Drag on = continue unnecessarily;
 Drag out of = manage to elicit;
 Draw in = involve;
 Draw on = use (an ability/a resource);
 Draw out = lengthen (a process);
 Draw up = write (a plan / a contract);
 Get across = comvey;
 Get ahead = succeed/make progress;
 Get around = overcome/avoid (a difficulty/an obstacle);
 Get sb down = depress sb;
 Go on = continue;
 Go over = examine;
 Go under = fail/go bankrupt;
 Go up = increase;
 Hold back = suppress;
 Hold off = delay;
 Hold out = extend;
 Hold up = rob;
 Keep back = reserve;
 Keep sb on = continue to employ;
 Keep to = adhere;
 Keep up with = stay on the same level as;
 Pass away = die;
 Pass on = give to the next person;
 Pass out = faint;
 Pass over = ignore;
 Pick at = nibble;
 Pick on = bully;
 Pick out = select;
 Pick up = collect;
 Put aside = save (money);
 Put back = replace;
 Put down = criticise;
 Put off = postpone;
 Put sb through = cause sb to undure (pain, hardship);
 Put up = construct, assemble;
 Put up with = tolerate;
 Set sb back = cost;
 Set in = continue, develop;
 Set off = embark (on a journey);
 Send back = return;
 Send for = summon;
 Send on = forward;
 Send out on = order;
 Stand by = support;
 Stand for = represent;
 Stand in for = replace;
 Stand out = be obvious;
 Take back = admit to an error/withdraw a statement;
 Take in = understand;
 Take on = accept;
 Take up = begin doing sth;
 Wear away = erode/become eroded;
 Wear down = weaken;
 Wear off = decrease;
 Wear on = pass (of a day);
 Wear sth out = damage through use;
 Work into = find time for;
 Work off = eliminate;
 Work out = calculate/solve (a problem);
 Work up = cause to be upset;
Verbs, Adjectives, Nouns with Prepositions - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

 Absent from (adj)
 Abstain from (v)
 According to (prep)
 Account for (v)
 Accuse sb of (v)
 Accustomed to (adj)
 Acquainted to (adj)
 Addicted to (adj)
 (take) advantage of (n)
 Advice on (n)
 Affected by (adj)
 Afraid of (adj)
 Agree with sb on sth (v)
 Aim at (v)
 Allergic to (adj)
 Amazed at/by (adj)
 Amount to (v)
 Amused at/with/by (adj)
 Angry with sb about for doing sth (adj)
 Angry with sb about sth (adj)
 Annoyed with sb about sth (adj)
 (in) answer to (n)
 Anxious about sth (adj)
 Apologise to sb for sth (v)
 Appeal to/against (v)
 apply (to sb) for sth (v)
 Approve of (v)
 Argue with sb about sth (v)
 Arrest sb for sth (v)
 Arrive at (a small place) (v)
 Arrive in (a town) (v)
 Ashamed of (adj)
 Ask for (v) (but :ask sb a question)
 Astonished at/by(adj)
 Attend to (v)
 (un)aware of (adj)
 Bad at (adj) (but : He was very bad to me)
 Base on (v)
 Beg for (v)
 Begin with (v)
 Believe in (v)
 Belong to (v)
 Benefit from (v)
 Bet on (v)
 Beware of (v)
 (put the) blame on sb (n)
 blame sb for sth (v)
 Blame sth on sb (v)
 Boast about/of (v)
 Bored with /of (adj)
 Borrow sth from sb (v)
 Brilliant at (adj)
 bump into (v)
 Busy with (adj)
 Capable of (adj)
 Care about (v)
 Care for sb(v) (=like)
 (take) care of (v)
 Care for sth (v) (=like to do sth)
 Careful of (adj)
 Careless about /with (adj)
 cause of (n)
 Certain of (adj)
 charge for (v)
 Charge sb with a (crime) (v)
 Chat with (v)
 Cheque for (n)
 Choice between /of (n)
 Clever at (adj) (but: It was very clever of you to buy it)
 Close to (adj)
 Comment on (v)
 Communicate with (v)
 Compare with (v) ( how people and things are alike and how they are different)
 Compare to (v) (show the likeness between sb/sth and sb/sth else)
 Comparison between (n)
 Complain of (v) (=suffer from)
 Complain to sb about sth (v) (=be annoyed at )
 Compliment sb on (vb)
 Complay with (v)
 Concentrate on (v)
 (have) confidence in sb (n)
 Congretulate sb on sth (v)
 Connection between (n) (but: in connection with )
 Connect to /with (v)
 Conscious of (adj)
 Consist of (v)
 Contact between (n) (but : in contact with )
 Content with (adj)
 Contrary to(prep)
 Contribute to (v)
 Convert to/into(v)
 Cope with (v)
 Correspond to/with(v)
 Crash into (v)
 Crazy about(adj)
 Crowded with(adj)
 cruel to (adj)
 Cure for(n)
 Curious about (adj)

 Date back to(v)


 Date from(v)
 Deal with (v)
 Dear to (adj)
 Decide on /against (v)
 Decrease in (n)
 Dedicate to (v)
 Deficient in (adj)
 Delay in (n)
 Delight in(v)
 Delighted with (adj)
 Demand for (n)
 Demand from(v)
 Depart from (v)
 Departure from(n)
 Depend on /upon(v)
 Describe sb/sth to sb else(v)
 Description of(n)
 Die of/from(v)
 Die in an accident (v)
 Differ from (v)
 (have) difference between /of (n)
 Different from(adj)
 Difficulty in /with (n)
 Disadvantage of (n) (but : there is a disadvantage in doing sth)
 Disagree with ( v)
 Disappointed with /about (adj)
 Disapprove of(v)
 Discourage from (v)
 Discussion about /on (n)
 Dismiss from (v)
 Dispose of (v)
 Dissatisfied with (adj)
 Distinguish between (v)
 Do well inb (an exam)
 Dream about(v)
 Dream of (v) (=imagine)
 Dressed in (adj)
 Eager for(adj)
 (put) effort into sth(n)
 Emphasis on( n)
 Engaged in sth( adj)
 Engaged to sb(adj)
 Enthusiastic about (adj)
 Equal to (adj)
 Escape from(v)
 Example of (n)
 Excellent at(adj)
 Exception to(n)
 (make an exception of sth/sb =treat sb/sth as a special case
 Take exception to sth= object to sth)
 Exchange sth for sth else (v)
 Excited about (adj)
 Eclaim at(v)
 Excuse for (n)
 Excuse sb for(v)
 Expel from(v)
 Experienced in(adj)
 (have) experience in
 Experiment on/with (v)
 Expert at/in(sth/doing sth) (n) (= person skilled at
 Expert at/in/on (sth/doing sth ) (adj) = (done with skill or involving great knowleadge)
 Expert with sth(n)(=good at using sth)
 Expert on(n)(=person knowledgeable about a subject )
 Fail in (v)
 Failure in (an exam )(n)
 Faithful to (adj)
 Familiar to sb(adj)(=known to sb )
 Familiar with(adj)(=have knowledge of)
 Famous for (adj)
 Fed up with(adj)
 Fight for sth/with sb (v)
 Fill sth with sth else(v)
 Fill in ( an application)(v)
 Fond of (adj)
 Forget about sth(v)
 Forgive sb for (v)
 Friendly with /to (adj)
 Frightened of (adj)
 Full of (adj)
 Furious with sb about /at sth(adj)
 Genius at(n)
 Glance at(v)
 Glare at(v)
 Good at (adj ) (but: He was good to me )
 Gossip about sth(v)
 Gossip with sb (v)
 Grateful to sb for sth(adj)
 Guilty for (adj)(but: He felt guilty about his crime .)
 Happen to (v)
 Happy about /with (adj)
 Harmful to(adj)
 Head for(v)
 hear about (v)(=be told)
 Hear from (v)(=receive a letter/phone call)
 Hear of(v)(=know that sth or sb exists)
 hope for sth (v)
 (n0) hope of (n)
 Hopeless at(adj)
 Ideal of (n)
 Identical to(adj)
 Ill with (adj)
 Impressed by/with (adj)
 (make an ) impression on sb(n)
 Include in (v)
 Increase in(n)
 Indifferent to(adj)
 Information about / on (n)
 Insist on (v)
 (have no) intention of(n)
 Interest in (n)
 Interested in (adj)
 Interfere with /in (v)
 Invest in (v)
 Invitation to (n)
 Invite sb to (v)
 Involve in (v)
 Invoved in(adj)
 Jealous of(adj)
 Knock at/on(v)
 Know about/of(v)
 Keen on sth(adj)
 Keen to do sth(adj)
 Keep to (a healty/certain weight)
 Kind to(adj)
 Key to(n)
 Knowledge of(n)
 Lack in(v)
 Lack of(n)
 Laugh at (v)
 Lean on/against (v)
 Lend sth to sb (v)
 Listen to(v)
 Look at (v)
 Make an appointment with(v)
 Married to(adj)
 Mean to(adj)
 (have a ) meeting with(n)
 Mention to(v)
 Mistake sb for (v)
 Mix with(v)
 Name after(v)
 Necessary for(adj)
 Need for (n)
 Nervous about (adj)
 New to (adj)
 Nice to(adj)
 (take) (no) notice of (n)
 Obedient to(adj)
 Object to(v)
 Objection to(n)
 Obliged to sb for sth(adj)
 Obvious to(adj)
 Occur to(v)
 Operate on(v)
 Opinion of/on(n)
 Part with (v)
 Patient with(adj)
 Persist in(v)
 (take a) photograph of (n)
 Picture of(n)
 Pity for(n)
 Take pity on sb (phr)
 Pleasant to(adj)
 Pleased with (adj)
 (take ) pleasure in(n)
 (have the) pleasure of(n)
 Point at/to (v)
 (im)polite to(adj)
 Popular with(adj)
 Praise sb for(v)
 Prefer sth to sth else (v)
 Prepare for (v)
 Present for(v)
 Present sb with(v)
 Prevent sb from(v)
 (take ) pride in(v)
 Pride oneself on sth/on doing sth(v)
 Prohibit sb from doing sth(v)
 Prone to(adj)
 Protect against /from(v)
 Protection from(n)
 Proud of(adj)
 Provide sb with(v)
 Punish sb for(v)
 Quarrel about sth/with sb(v/n)
 Qualified for(adj)
 Quick at(adj)
 Quatation from(n)
 Ready for (adj)
 Reason for (n)
 Reason with (v)
 Receive from(v)
 (keep) a record of(n)
 Recover from(v)
 Reduction in(n)
 Refer to(v)
 (in/with) reference to(n)
 Refrain from(v)
 Regardless of(prep)
 Related to(adj)
 Relationship between (n)( but: a relationship with sb)
 Relevent to(adj)
 Rely on(v)
 Remind sb of /about (v)
 Remove from(v)
 Replace sth with sth else(v)
 Reply to(n/v)
 Report on(n/v)
 Reputation for/of(n)
 Respect for(n)
 Respond to (v)
 Responsability for(n)
 Responsible for(adj)
 Result from(v)(=be the consequence of)
 Result in(v)(=cause)
 Result of(v)
 Retire from(v)
 Revise for (v)
 Rich in(adj)
 Rise in(n)
 Rude to(adj)

 Safe from(adj)
 Same as(adj)
 Satisfied with/by(adj)
 Save sb from (v)
 Scared of(adj)
 Search for(v/n)
 (be) in search of(n)
 Sensitive to(adj)
 Sentence sb to(v)
 Separate from(v)
 Serious about(adj)
 Shake hands with(v)
 Shocked at/by(adj)
 Short of(adj)
 Shout at(v)
 Shy of (adj)
 Sick of(adj)
 Similar to(adj)
 Skilled at/in (adj)
 Smell of(n/v)
 Smile at(v)
 Solution to(n)
 Sorry about (adj)(=fell sorry for sb) (but: I am sorry for doing sth)
 Specialise in(v)
 Spend money on sth(v)
 Spend time in/doing sth(v)
 Stare at(v)
 Study for (v)
 Subject to(adj/v)
 Submit to(v)(but: submit sth for publication)
 Subscribe to(v)
 Succed in(v)
 Suffer from(v)
 Suitable for(adj)
 Superior to(adj)
 Sure of /about (adj)
 Surprised at/by (adj)
 Suspect sb of(v)
 Suspicios of(adj)
 Sympathise with(v)
 (have ) taste in (n)
 Taste of(v)
 Terrible at(adj)
 Terrified of(adj)
 Thank sb for(v)
 Thankful for(adj)
 Think about /of (v)
 Threaten sb with sth(v)
 Throw at (v)( in order to hit)
 Throw to (v)(in order to catch)
 Tire of (v)
 Tired of(adj)(=fed up with)
 (be)(at) the top of (the class)(n)
 Translate from ... into(v)
 Trend for(n)
 Typical of(adj)
 Upset about(adj)
 Wait for (v)
 Warn sb against /about /of(v)
 Waste (time/money ) on (v)
 Wave at/to sb (v)
 Weak in /at (adj)
 Whisper to(v)
 Wink at sb(v)
 Wonder about (v)
 Worry about(v)
 Worthy of(adj)
 Write (a letter ) to sb (V)
Conditionale I, II ,III, Mixta - Engleza Admitere Academia de Politie

Se pot folosi: Unless:


 Nu voi veni daca nu ma vei invita -> I will not come unless you invite me.
 Nu as veni daca nu m-ai invita. -> I would not come unless you invited me.
 Nu as fi venit daca nu m-ai fi invitat -> I would not have come unless you had invited me.
Supposing:
 Presupunand ca voi veni imi vei spune adevarul -> Supposing I come will you tell me the
truth?
 Presupunand ca as veni ,ce mi-ai spune? -> Supposing I come what would you tell me?
 Presupunand ca as fi venit mi-ai fi spus adevarul ? -> Supposing I had come,would you
have told me the truth?
Provided:
 I will lend you the money provided you give back to me at time.
 I would lent you the money provided you gave back to me at time.
 I would have lent you the money provided you had given back to me at time.

Were to:
 Daca ai cunoaste adevarul, l-ai spune. -> Were you to know the truth, would you tell it.
 Daca ar ajunge la timp, i-ai deschide usa. -> Were he to arrive at time, would you open
the door.
But for:
 Daca nu ar fi fost cainele, m-as fi ratacit. -> But for the dog, I would have lost my way.
 Daca n-ar fi fost ploaia aceea , ar fi fost o recolta proasta. -> But for that rain, the crop would have been bad.

TIPUL CONDITIONALA PRINCIPALA

I PREZENT VIITOR
VIITOR If I find the book I will buy it
II PAST TENSE CONDITIONAL
PREZENT If I found the book PREZENT(WOULD+INFINITIVE)
I would buy it .
III PAST PERFECT CONDITIONAL
TRECUT If I had found the book TRECUT(WOULD+HAVE+VB ED)
I would have bought it.
TRECUT PREZENT
MIXTA If you had bought the book. you would read it now.